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Li Guowen

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Li Guowen
Native name
李国文
Born(1930-08-24)24 August 1930
Shanghai, China
Died24 November 2022(2022-11-24) (aged 92)
Beijing, China
OccupationNovelist
LanguageChinese
Alma materNanjing Academy of Drama
North China University of Technology
Period1976–2022
GenreNovel, prose
Notable worksSpring in Winter
Notable awards1st Mao Dun Literature Prize
1982 Spring in Winter
2nd Lu Xun Literary Prize

Li Guowen (simplified Chinese: 李国文; traditional Chinese: 李國文; pinyin: Lí Guówén; 24 August 1930 – 24 November 2022)[1] was a Chinese novelist who was the director of China Writers Association.[2][3][4][5] Li was a member of the Chinese Communist Party.[6]

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Simplified Chinese characters

Simplified Chinese characters

Simplified Chinese characters are standardized Chinese characters used in mainland China, Malaysia and Singapore, as prescribed by the Table of General Standard Chinese Characters. Along with traditional Chinese characters, they are one of the two standard character sets of the contemporary Chinese written language. The government of the People's Republic of China in mainland China has promoted them for use in printing since the 1950s and 1960s to encourage literacy. They are officially used in the People's Republic of China, Malaysia and Singapore, while traditional Chinese characters still remain in common use in Hong Kong, Macau, ROC/Taiwan and Japan to a certain extent.

Traditional Chinese characters

Traditional Chinese characters

Traditional Chinese characters are one type of standard Chinese character sets of the contemporary written Chinese. The traditional characters had taken shapes since the clerical change and mostly remained in the same structure they took at the introduction of the regular script in the 2nd century. Over the following centuries, traditional characters were regarded as the standard form of printed Chinese characters or literary Chinese throughout the Sinosphere until the middle of the 20th century, before different script reforms initiated by countries using Chinese characters as a writing system.

Pinyin

Pinyin

Hanyu Pinyin, often shortened to just pinyin, is the official romanization system for Standard Mandarin Chinese in China, and to some extent, in Singapore and Malaysia. It is often used to teach Mandarin, normally written in Chinese form, to learners already familiar with the Latin alphabet. The system includes four diacritics denoting tones, but pinyin without tone marks is used to spell Chinese names and words in languages written in the Latin script, and is also used in certain computer input methods to enter Chinese characters. The word Hànyǔ literally means "Han language", while Pīnyīn (拼音) means "spelled sounds".

China Writers Association

China Writers Association

China Writers Association or Chinese Writers Association is a subordinate people's organization of the China Federation of Literary and Art Circles (CFLAC). Founded in July 1949, the organization was initially named the China National Literature Workers Association. In September 1953, it was renamed the China Writers Association. The association's leadership was purged shortly after the 1989 Tiananmen Square protests and massacre. In April 2012, the organization changed its translated name to China Writers Association.

Chinese Communist Party

Chinese Communist Party

The Chinese Communist Party (CCP), officially the Communist Party of China (CPC), is the founding and sole ruling party of the People's Republic of China (PRC). Under the leadership of Mao Zedong, the CCP emerged victorious in the Chinese Civil War against the Kuomintang, and in 1949 Mao proclaimed the establishment of the People's Republic of China. Since then, the CCP has governed China with eight smaller parties within its United Front and has sole control over the People's Liberation Army (PLA). Each successive leader of the CCP has added their own theories to the party's constitution, which outlines the ideological beliefs of the party, collectively referred to as socialism with Chinese characteristics. As of 2022, the CCP has more than 96 million members, making it the second largest political party by party membership in the world after India's Bharatiya Janata Party. The Chinese public generally refers to the CCP as simply "the Party".

Biography

Li was born in Shanghai, Republic of China in August 1930.[2]

In 1947, he was accepted to Nanjing Academy of Drama and graduated in 1949. After graduation, Li went to Beijing and he entered North China University of Technology.

When the Korean War broke out in 1950, Li joined the People's Liberation Army, he went to North Korea and served as a writer in the Chinese People's Liberation Army Naval Song and Dance Troupe, after the war, Li returned to Beijing, he worked in China Railway Federation of Trade Union (中国铁路总工会) as an editor.

In July 1957, Li published his short story Re-election (《改选》) in People's Literature (《人民文学》), then he was divided into right winger, and he was sent to a construction plant to work.[2]

In 1978, Li joined the China Railway Song and Dance Troupe (中国铁路文工团). Li joined the China Writers Association in 1982 and he joined the Chinese Communist Party in 1983.

On 24 November 2022, he died of an illness in Beijing, at the age of 92.[7]

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Shanghai

Shanghai

Shanghai is one of the four direct-administered municipalities of the People's Republic of China (PRC). The city is located on the southern estuary of the Yangtze River, with the Huangpu River flowing through it. With a population of 24.89 million as of 2021, Shanghai is the most populous urban area in China with 39,300,000 inhabitants living in the Shanghai metropolitan area, the second most populous city proper in the world and the only city in East Asia with a GDP greater than its corresponding capital. Shanghai ranks second among the administrative divisions of Mainland China in human development index. As of 2018, the Greater Shanghai metropolitan area was estimated to produce a gross metropolitan product (nominal) of nearly 9.1 trillion RMB, exceeding that of Mexico with GDP of $1.22 trillion, the 15th largest in the world. Shanghai is one of the world's major centers for finance, business and economics, research, education, science and technology, manufacturing, tourism, culture, dining, art, fashion, sports, and transportation, and the Port of Shanghai is the world's busiest container port. In 2019, the Shanghai Pudong International Airport was one of the world's 10 busiest airports by passenger traffic, and one of the two international airports serving the Shanghai metropolitan area, the other one being the Shanghai Hongqiao International Airport.

Republic of China (1912–1949)

Republic of China (1912–1949)

The Republic of China (ROC), between 1912 and 1949, was a sovereign state recognised as the official designation of China when it was based on Mainland China, prior to the relocation of its central government to Taiwan as a result of the Chinese Civil War. At a population of 541 million in 1949, it was the world's most populous country. Covering 11.4 million square kilometres, it consisted of 35 provinces, 1 special administrative region, 2 regions, 12 special municipalities, 14 leagues, and 4 special banners. The People's Republic of China (PRC), which rules mainland China today, considers ROC as a country that ceased to exist since 1949; thus, the history of ROC before 1949 is often referred to as Republican Era of China. The ROC, now based in Taiwan, today considers itself a continuation of the country, thus calling the period of its mainland governance as the Mainland Period of the Republic of China in Taiwan.

Beijing

Beijing

Beijing, alternatively romanized as Peking, is the capital of the People's Republic of China. It is the center of power and development of the country. Beijing is the world's most populous national capital city, with over 21 million residents. It has an administrative area of 16,410.5 km2 (6,336.1 sq mi), the third in the country after Guangzhou and Shanghai. It is located in Northern China, and is governed as a municipality under the direct administration of the State Council with 16 urban, suburban, and rural districts. Beijing is mostly surrounded by Hebei Province with the exception of neighboring Tianjin to the southeast; together, the three divisions form the Jingjinji megalopolis and the national capital region of China.

North China University of Technology

North China University of Technology

North China University of Technology is a university in Shijingshan District, Western Beijing, People's Republic of China.

Korean War

Korean War

The Korean War was fought between North Korea and South Korea from 1950 to 1953. The war began on 25 June 1950 when North Korea invaded South Korea following clashes along the border and rebellions in South Korea. North Korea was supported by China and the Soviet Union while South Korea was supported by the United States and allied countries. The fighting ended with an armistice on 27 July 1953.

People's Liberation Army

People's Liberation Army

The People's Liberation Army (PLA) is the principal military force of the People's Republic of China and the armed wing of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP). The PLA consists of five service branches: the Ground Force, Navy, Air Force, Rocket Force, and Strategic Support Force. It is under the leadership of the Central Military Commission (CMC) with its chairman as commander-in-chief.

North Korea

North Korea

North Korea, officially the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK), is a country in East Asia. It constitutes the northern half of the Korean Peninsula and shares borders with China and Russia to the north, at the Yalu (Amnok) and Tumen rivers, and South Korea to the south at the Korean Demilitarized Zone. North Korea's border with South Korea is a disputed border as both countries claim the entirety of the Korean Peninsula. The country's western border is formed by the Yellow Sea, while its eastern border is defined by the Sea of Japan. North Korea, like its southern counterpart, claims to be the legitimate government of the entire peninsula and adjacent islands. Pyongyang is the capital and largest city.

China Writers Association

China Writers Association

China Writers Association or Chinese Writers Association is a subordinate people's organization of the China Federation of Literary and Art Circles (CFLAC). Founded in July 1949, the organization was initially named the China National Literature Workers Association. In September 1953, it was renamed the China Writers Association. The association's leadership was purged shortly after the 1989 Tiananmen Square protests and massacre. In April 2012, the organization changed its translated name to China Writers Association.

Chinese Communist Party

Chinese Communist Party

The Chinese Communist Party (CCP), officially the Communist Party of China (CPC), is the founding and sole ruling party of the People's Republic of China (PRC). Under the leadership of Mao Zedong, the CCP emerged victorious in the Chinese Civil War against the Kuomintang, and in 1949 Mao proclaimed the establishment of the People's Republic of China. Since then, the CCP has governed China with eight smaller parties within its United Front and has sole control over the People's Liberation Army (PLA). Each successive leader of the CCP has added their own theories to the party's constitution, which outlines the ideological beliefs of the party, collectively referred to as socialism with Chinese characteristics. As of 2022, the CCP has more than 96 million members, making it the second largest political party by party membership in the world after India's Bharatiya Janata Party. The Chinese public generally refers to the CCP as simply "the Party".

Works

Novel

  • Spring in Winter (冬天里的春天)

Short story

  • Re-election (改选)
  • Lunar Eclipse (月食)
  • History of the Dangerous Building (危楼纪事)

Proses and poems

  • The Art of Swearing (骂人的艺术)
  • Everyday Language (大雅村言)

Translated works (English)

  • Spring in Winter: Volume 1[8]
  • Spring in Winter: Volume 2[9]

Awards

  • Spring in Winter – 1st Mao Dun Literature Prize (1982)
  • Lunar Eclipse – 3rd National Excellent Short Story Award
  • History of the Dangerous Building – 4th National Excellent Short Story Award
  • Everyday Language – 2nd Lu Xun Literature Prize

Source: "Li Guowen", Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, (2022, November 25th), https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Li_Guowen.

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References
  1. ^ 《小说选刊》杂志社原主编李国文去世,享年93岁 (in Chinese)
  2. ^ a b c 李国文:文坛一棵常青树. gmw.cn (in Chinese). 2007.
  3. ^ 名作家李国文撰文忆巴金 最推崇敢说真话的魅力. Chinanews (in Chinese). 2005.
  4. ^ 李国文:透视中国文人 (图). China.com.cn (in Chinese). 2006.
  5. ^ 李国文获新世纪散文家奖. sina (in Chinese). 2004.
  6. ^ "Li Guowen". Archived from the original on 2013-12-18.
  7. ^ Zhong Yuhao (钟煜豪) (25 November 2022). 当代著名作家李国文逝世,曾获得首届茅盾文学奖. thepaper (in Chinese). Retrieved 25 November 2022.
  8. ^ GUOWEN, LI. (2018). SPRING IN WINTER : volume 1. [S.l.]: ACA PUBLISHING LIMITED. ISBN 978-1-910760-38-3. OCLC 1077789531.
  9. ^ GUOWEN, LI. (2019). SPRING IN WINTER : volume 2. [S.l.]: ACA PUBLISHING LIMITED. ISBN 978-1-910760-41-3. OCLC 1078207262.

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