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Leonid Pasechnik

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Leonid Pasechnik
Леонид Иванович Пасечник
Leonid Pasechnik (cropped, 2022-02-21).jpg
Pasechnik in 2022
Acting Head of the Luhansk People's Republic (Russia)[1]
Assumed office
4 October 2022
Preceded byHimself
3rd Head of the Luhansk People's Republic
In office
25 November 2017 – 4 October 2022
Acting until 21 November 2018
Prime MinisterSergey Kozlov
Preceded byIgor Plotnitsky
Succeeded byHimself (as Acting Head of the Luhansk People's Republic)
Minister of State Security of the Lugansk People's Republic
In office
9 October 2014 – 21 November 2018
Acting from 25 November 2017
PresidentIgor Plotnisky
Preceded byPosition established
Personal details
Born (1970-03-15) 15 March 1970 (age 52)
Voroshilovgrad, Ukrainian SSR, Soviet Union
Political partyUnited Russia (2021–present)
Peace to Luhanshchyna (2014–2022)
Other political
affiliations
Peace to Luhanshchyna (2022–present)
AwardsMedal For Military Service to Ukraine
Military service
Allegiance Ukraine (1993-2014)
 Luhansk People's Republic (2014-2017)
Branch/serviceFlag of the Security Service of Ukraine.svg Security Service of Ukraine (SBU)
Luhansk People's Republic Ministry of State Security of the Luhansk People's Republic
Years of service1993–2017
RankMajor General (MSS)

Leonid Ivanovich Pasechnik (Russian: Леони́д Ива́нович Па́сечник; born 15 March 1970, Lugansk, Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic) is a pro-Russian Luhansk politician who has served as Head of the Lugansk People's Republic (LPR) since 2017. He holds the position in acting capacity ever since the Russian annexation of the LPR in 2022. Pasechnik had previously held office as the LPR's Minister of State Security from 2014 to 2018.[2][3][4]

Prior to his political career, Pasechnik served in the Security Service of Ukraine until the 2014 pro-Russian unrest in Ukraine, which he supported.

Discover more about Leonid Pasechnik related topics

Russian language

Russian language

Russian is an East Slavic language mainly spoken in Russia. It is the native language of the Russians and belongs to the Indo-European language family. It is one of four living East Slavic languages, and is also a part of the larger Balto-Slavic languages. Besides Russia itself, Russian is an official language in Belarus, Kazakhstan, and Kyrgyzstan, and is used widely as a lingua franca throughout Ukraine, the Caucasus, Central Asia, and to some extent in the Baltic states. It was the de facto language of the former Soviet Union.

Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic

Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic

The Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic, abbreviated as the Ukrainian SSR, UkrSSR, or UkSSR, and also known as Soviet Ukraine, was one of the constituent republics of the Soviet Union from 1922 until 1991. In the anthem of the Ukrainian SSR, it was referred to simply as Ukraine. Under the Soviet one-party model, the Ukrainian SSR was governed by the Communist Party of the Soviet Union through its republican branch, the Communist Party of Ukraine.

Russian annexation of Donetsk, Kherson, Luhansk and Zaporizhzhia oblasts

Russian annexation of Donetsk, Kherson, Luhansk and Zaporizhzhia oblasts

On 30 September 2022, Russia, amid an ongoing invasion of Ukraine, unilaterally declared its annexation of areas in and around four Ukrainian oblasts – Luhansk, Donetsk, Zaporizhzhia and Kherson. The boundaries of the areas to be annexed and their borders were not defined; Russian officials stated that they would be defined later. None of the oblasts were fully under Russian control at the time of the declaration. If limited to the areas then under Russian control the annexation would still be the largest in Europe since World War II.

Security Service of Ukraine

Security Service of Ukraine

The Security Service of Ukraine or SBU is the law enforcement authority and main intelligence and security agency of the Ukrainian government, in the areas of counter-intelligence activity and combating organized crime and terrorism. The Constitution of Ukraine defines the SBU as a military formation, and its staff are considered military personnel with ranks. It is subordinated directly under the authority of the president of Ukraine. The SBU also operates its own special forces unit, the Alpha Group.

2014 pro-Russian unrest in Ukraine

2014 pro-Russian unrest in Ukraine

From the end of February 2014, demonstrations by pro-Russian and anti-government groups took place in major cities across the eastern and southern regions of Ukraine in the aftermath of the Revolution of Dignity, which resulted in the success of Euromaidan in ousting then-President Viktor Yanukovych. The unrest, supported by Russia in the early stages of the Russo-Ukrainian War, has been referred to in Russia as the "Russian Spring".

Biography

Background and military career

Pasechnik's father worked in Soviet law enforcement, for the OBKhSS, for 26 years.[4] In 1975 the Pasechnik family moved to Magadan in the Russian Far East where Pasechnik's father was associated with gold mine operations.[4]

Pasechnik graduated the Donetsk Military-Political College and worked for the Security Service of Ukraine (SBU) in Luhansk Oblast as a chief of a detachment combating contraband operations and the chief of the Stakhanov district detachment.[4] On 15 August 2006 he became famous for intercepting large quantities of contraband at Izvaryne border checkpoint ($1.94 mln and 7.24 mln Russian rubles), at the same time refusing a bribe out of principle.[4]

In March 2007 SBU Lieutenant Colonel Pasechnik received from the Ukrainian President Viktor Yushchenko a medal For Military Service to Ukraine, "for showing integrity and professionalism in the line of duty".[4]

Career in the Luhansk People's Republic

In 2014 he sided with pro-Russian militants, becoming on 9 October 2014 a minister of State Security for the self-proclaimed state Luhansk People's Republic (LPR).[4]

On 21 November 2017, armed men in unmarked uniforms took up positions in the centre of Lugansk in what appeared to be a power struggle between the head of the republic Igor Plotnitsky and the supporters of LPR Interior Minister Igor Kornet, who was sacked the previous day.[5][6] Three days later, a government statement declared that Plotnitsky had resigned "for health reasons (due to) multiple war wounds (and) the effects of blast injuries, (which) took their toll."[7] It was also stated that Pasechnik had been named acting leader "until the next elections."[7] Russian media reported that Plotnitsky had fled the unrecognised republic on 23 November 2017 to Russia.[8] On 25 November the 38-member People's Council of the LPR unanimously approved the change in leadership.[9]

Pasechnik's position on the Minsk Agreements has been unclear. Upon taking office, he quickly declared his adherence to the Minsk Agreements, saying that "the republic will be consistently executing the obligations taken under these agreements."[10] On 30 March 2018 Pasechnik stated "Our (LPR) experience can help all regions of Ukraine eventually gain freedom and independence, and then we can together declare a new Ukraine in which representatives of different nationalities and cultures will freely live."[11] While meeting people living in territory controlled by LPR in the summer of 2019, Pasechnik stated: "It does not mean, that we will return back into Ukraine. This is the only way to stop this madness, this war. You should understand that we, as a sovereign state will be a state within the state – that will be our special status".[12]

On 6 December 2021, Pasechnik became a member of the Russian ruling party United Russia.[13] United Russia chairman Dmitry Medvedev personally handed him his party ticket during the party's annual congress in Moscow.[13]

2022 developments

In February 2022, Russia invaded Ukraine, citing Ukraine's failure to implement the Minsk Agreements by not granting regions of the Donbas the required special status. On 27 March 2022, Pasechnik said that the LPR may hold a referendum to join Russia in the near future.[14][15] The authorities of the Luhansk People's Republic eventually scheduled a "referendum" on the republic's entry into Russia as a federal subject for 23–27 September.[16]

On September 30 2022, together with Donetsk People's Republic Head Denis Pushilin and pro-Russian occupation administration Heads Volodymyr Saldo of the Kherson region and Yevgeny Balitsky of the Zaporozizhia region, attended in Moscow the ceremony in which President of Russia Vladimir Putin formally announced the annexation and incorporation of those regions into Russia.[17]

Discover more about Biography related topics

OBKhSS

OBKhSS

Department Against Misappropriation of Socialist Property was the Soviet financial police. It was responsible for the regulation of economic laws fight against theft of property in the organizations and institutions of state commerce, consumer, industrial and individual co-operatives, savings banks and procurement agencies, as well as to fight against speculation.

Magadan

Magadan

Magadan is a port town and the administrative center of Magadan Oblast, Russia, located on the Sea of Okhotsk in Nagayev Bay and serving as a gateway to the Kolyma region.

Russian Far East

Russian Far East

The Russian Far East is a region in Northeast Asia. It is the easternmost part of Russia and the Asian continent; and is administered as part of the Far Eastern Federal District, which is located between Lake Baikal in eastern Siberia and the Pacific Ocean. The area's largest city is Khabarovsk, followed by Vladivostok. The region shares land borders with the countries of Mongolia, China, and North Korea to its south, as well as maritime boundaries with Japan to its southeast, and with the United States along the Bering Strait to its northeast.

Luhansk Oblast

Luhansk Oblast

Luhansk Oblast, also referred to as Luhanshchyna (Луга́нщина), is the easternmost oblast (province) of Ukraine. The oblast's administrative center is Luhansk. The oblast was established in 1938 and bore the name Voroshilovgrad Oblast in honor of Kliment Voroshilov. Its population is estimated as 2,102,921

Contraband

Contraband

Contraband refers to any item that, relating to its nature, is illegal to be possessed or sold. It is used for goods that by their nature are considered too dangerous or offensive in the eyes of the legislator—termed contraband in se—and forbidden.

President of Ukraine

President of Ukraine

The president of Ukraine is the head of state of Ukraine. The president represents the nation in international relations, administers the foreign political activity of the state, conducts negotiations and concludes international treaties. The president is directly elected by the citizens of Ukraine for a five-year term of office, limited to two terms consecutively.

Medal For Military Service to Ukraine

Medal For Military Service to Ukraine

The Medal For Military Service to Ukraine is an award of Ukraine. It was established by the Decree of the President of Ukraine Leonid Kuchma on October 5, 1996, to honour servicemen of the Armed Forces of Ukraine and other military formations created in accordance with the Ukrainian legislature and other individuals for courage and valor displayed at protection of state interests and for excellent execution of service duty.

2014 pro-Russian unrest in Ukraine

2014 pro-Russian unrest in Ukraine

From the end of February 2014, demonstrations by pro-Russian and anti-government groups took place in major cities across the eastern and southern regions of Ukraine in the aftermath of the Revolution of Dignity, which resulted in the success of Euromaidan in ousting then-President Viktor Yanukovych. The unrest, supported by Russia in the early stages of the Russo-Ukrainian War, has been referred to in Russia as the "Russian Spring".

Russian occupation of Luhansk Oblast

Russian occupation of Luhansk Oblast

The Russian occupation of Luhansk Oblast is an ongoing military occupation within Ukraine, which began on 27 April 2014 when part of the oblast came under the control of the Luhansk People's Republic, a Russian-backed breakaway entity located within it. The oblast's administrative centre is Luhansk; however, its Regional State Administration has been temporarily relocated to Sievierodonetsk because of the ongoing Russo-Ukrainian War, which was itself captured on 25 June 2022 after a long battle by Russian and pro-Russian forces.

2017 Luhansk People's Republic political crisis

2017 Luhansk People's Republic political crisis

The political crisis in the Lugansk People's Republic (2017) was a political crisis in a breakaway Pro-Russian separatist unrecognized republic characterized by a confrontation between the Head of the Luhansk People's Republic, Igor Plotnitsky, and the head of the Ministry of Internal Affairs, Igor Kornet, which ended with the resignation of Plotnitsky.

Igor Plotnitsky

Igor Plotnitsky

Igor Venediktovich Plotnitsky is a former Ukrainian separatist leader who served as the head of the self-proclaimed Luhansk People's Republic, in eastern Ukraine, from 14 August 2014 to 24 November 2017. He was born 26 June 1964 either in Luhansk or in the town of Kelmentsi, Chernivtsi Oblast. Plotnitsky himself did not issue a public statement on 24 November 2017, but on that day a Luhansk People's Republic website claimed he had resigned as their president. On 25 November the 38-member People's Council of the self-proclaimed state unanimously approved Plotnitsky's resignation.

Russia

Russia

Russia, or the Russian Federation, is a transcontinental country spanning Eastern Europe and Northern Asia. It is the largest country in the world, with its internationally recognised territory covering 17,098,246 square kilometres (6,601,670 sq mi), and encompassing one-eighth of Earth's inhabitable landmass. Russia extends across eleven time zones and shares land boundaries with fourteen countries. It is the world's ninth-most populous country and Europe's most populous country, with a population of over 147 million people. The country's capital and largest city is Moscow. Saint Petersburg is Russia's cultural centre and second-largest city. Other major urban areas include Novosibirsk, Yekaterinburg, Nizhny Novgorod, and Kazan.

Source: "Leonid Pasechnik", Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, (2023, March 6th), https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leonid_Pasechnik.

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References
  1. ^ "Executive Order on Acting Head of Lugansk People's Republic".
  2. ^ Леонид Пасечник стал и.о. главы ЛНР
  3. ^ Анатолий Антонов возглавил Министерство госбезопасности ЛНР
  4. ^ a b c d e f g Former SBU agent, whom Yushchenko gave a medal. Who is the new leader of "LPR" (Бывший СБУшник, которому дал медаль Ющенко. Кто такой новый главарь "ЛНР"). Espreso.tv. 24 November 2017
  5. ^ "Kremlin 'Following' Situation in Ukraine's Russia-Backed Separatist-Controlled Luhansk". RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty.
  6. ^ "Luhansk coup attempt continues as rival militia occupies separatist region". The Independent. 22 November 2017.
  7. ^ a b Ukraine rebel region's security minister says he is new leader , Reuters (24 November 2017)
    Separatist Leader In Ukraine's Luhansk Resigns Amid Power Struggle, Radio Free Europe (24 November 2017)
  8. ^ "Захар Прилепин встретил главу ЛНР в самолете в Москву". meduza.io.
  9. ^ "Народный совет ЛНР единогласно проголосовал за отставку Плотницкого" (in Russian). Retrieved 25 November 2017.
  10. ^ Lugansk People’s Republic head resigns, TASS news agency (24 November 2017)
  11. ^ "ЛНР have declared readiness to share experience with other areas of Ukraine" (in Russian). Retrieved 31 March 2018.
  12. ^ Donbas: The new repertoire, The Ukrainian Week (28 September 2019)
  13. ^ a b Ukraine conflict: Putin invites separatist leaders into his party. The Times (6 December 2021)
  14. ^ "Leader of Kremlin-Backed Separatists in Ukraine Planning 'Referendum' to Join Russia".
  15. ^ "Leader of east Ukraine separatist region says it may hold vote on joining Russia". The Times of Israel.
  16. ^ Новости, Р. И. А. (20 September 2022). "Референдум о вхождении ЛНР в состав России пройдет с 23 по 27 сентября". РИА Новости (in Russian). Archived from the original on 20 September 2022. Retrieved 20 September 2022.
  17. ^ Landay, Jonathan (30 September 2022). "Defiant Putin proclaims Ukrainian annexation as military setback looms". Reuters. Archived from the original on 6 October 2022. Retrieved 1 October 2022.
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