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Lakewood Township, New Jersey

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Lakewood Township, New Jersey
Beth Medrash Govoha, the largest yeshiva outside of Israel[1][2]
Beth Medrash Govoha, the largest yeshiva outside of Israel[1][2]
Map of Lakewood Township in Ocean County. Inset: Location of Ocean County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Map of Lakewood Township in Ocean County. Inset: Location of Ocean County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Lakewood Township, New Jersey Interactive map of Lakewood Township, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Lakewood Township, New Jersey
Interactive map of Lakewood Township, New Jersey
Lakewood is located in Ocean County, New Jersey
Lakewood
Lakewood
Location in Ocean County
Lakewood is located in New Jersey
Lakewood
Lakewood
Location in New Jersey
Lakewood is located in the United States
Lakewood
Lakewood
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 40°04′37″N 74°11′55″W / 40.077069°N 74.19851°W / 40.077069; -74.19851Coordinates: 40°04′37″N 74°11′55″W / 40.077069°N 74.19851°W / 40.077069; -74.19851[3][4]
Country United States
State New Jersey
CountyOcean
IncorporatedMarch 23, 1892
Government
 • TypeTownship
 • BodyTownship Committee
 • MayorRaymond G. Coles (D) (term ends December 31, 2022)[5][6]
 • ManagerPatrick Donnelly[7]
 • Municipal clerkLauren Kirkman[8]
Area
 • Total25.08 sq mi (64.95 km2)
 • Land24.68 sq mi (63.92 km2)
 • Water0.40 sq mi (1.03 km2)  1.59%
 • Rank108th of 565 in state
12th of 33 in county[3]
Elevation49 ft (15 m)
Population
 • Total135,158
 • Estimate 
(2021)[11][13]
138,070
 • Rank5th of 566 in state
1st of 33 in county
208th in U.S. (2020)
 • Density5,476.2/sq mi (2,114.4/km2)
  • Rank165th of 566 in state
5th of 33 in county[14]
Time zoneUTC−05:00 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC−04:00 (Eastern (EDT))
ZIP Code
Area code732, 848[17]
FIPS code[3][18][19]34-38550
GNIS ID[3][18][19][20]882076
Websitewww.lakewoodnj.gov

Lakewood Township is the most populous township in Ocean County, in the U.S. state of New Jersey. A rapidly growing community, as of the 2020 United States census, the township's population was 135,158,[11][12] an increase of 42,315 (+45.6%) from the 2010 census count of 92,843,[21][22][23] which in turn reflected an increase of 32,491 (+53.8%) from the 60,352 counted in the 2000 census.[24] The township ranked as the fifth-most-populous municipality in the state in 2020,[25] after ranking seventh in 2010 and 22nd in 2000.[26] The sharp increase in population from 2000 to 2010 was led largely by increases in the township's Orthodox Jewish and Latino communities.[27] Further growth in the Orthodox community led to a sharp increase in population in the 2020 census, with a large number of births leading to a significant drop in the township'smedian age.[28]

As a major hub of Orthodox Judaism, Lakewood is home to Beth Medrash Govoha (BMG), the largest yeshiva outside of Israel.[29] The large Orthodox population, which comprises more than half the township's population, strongly influences the township's culture[29][30] and wields considerable political clout in the township as a voting bloc.[31][32][33]

Discover more about Lakewood Township, New Jersey related topics

Township (New Jersey)

Township (New Jersey)

A township, in the context of New Jersey local government, refers to one of five types and one of eleven forms of municipal government. As a political entity, a township in New Jersey is a full-fledged municipality, on par with any town, city, borough, or village. They collect property taxes and provide services such as maintaining roads, garbage collection, water, sewer, schools, police and fire protection. The Township form of local government is used by 27% of New Jersey municipalities; however, slightly over 50% of the state's population resides within them.

Ocean County, New Jersey

Ocean County, New Jersey

Ocean County is a county located along the Jersey Shore in the south-central portion of the U.S. state of New Jersey. It borders the Atlantic Ocean on the east. Its county seat is Toms River. Since 1990, Ocean County has been one of New Jersey's fastest-growing counties. As of the 2020 census, the county was the state's sixth-most-populous county, with a population of 637,229, an increase of 60,662 (+10.5%) from the 2010 census count of 576,567, which in turn reflected an increase of 65,651 (+12.8%) from the 2000 census population of 510,916. The county was the fastest-growing county in New Jersey between 2000 and 2010 in terms of increase in the number of residents and second-highest in the percentage of growth. Ocean County was established on February 15, 1850, from portions of Monmouth County, with the addition of Little Egg Harbor Township which was annexed from Burlington County on March 30, 1891. The most populous municipality is Lakewood Township, with 135,158 residents in 2020, up from 92,843 at the 2010 Census while Jackson Township covers 100.62 square miles (260.6 km2), the largest total area of any municipality in the county.

U.S. state

U.S. state

In the United States, a state is a constituent political entity, of which there are 50. Bound together in a political union, each state holds governmental jurisdiction over a separate and defined geographic territory where it shares its sovereignty with the federal government. Due to this shared sovereignty, Americans are citizens both of the federal republic and of the state in which they reside. State citizenship and residency are flexible, and no government approval is required to move between states, except for persons restricted by certain types of court orders.

New Jersey

New Jersey

New Jersey is a state in the Mid-Atlantic and Northeastern regions of the United States. It is bordered on the north and east by the state of New York; on the east, southeast, and south by the Atlantic Ocean; on the west by the Delaware River and Pennsylvania; and on the southwest by Delaware Bay and the state of Delaware. At 7,354 square miles (19,050 km2), New Jersey is the fifth-smallest state in land area; but with close to 9.3 million residents, it ranks 11th in population and first in population density. The state capital is Trenton, and the most populous city is Newark. With the exception of Warren County, all of the state's 21 counties lie within the combined statistical areas of New York City or Philadelphia.

2020 United States census

2020 United States census

The United States census of 2020 was the twenty-fourth decennial United States census. Census Day, the reference day used for the census, was April 1, 2020. Other than a pilot study during the 2000 census, this was the first U.S. census to offer options to respond online or by phone, in addition to the paper response form used for previous censuses. The census was taken during the COVID-19 pandemic, which affected its administration. The census recorded a resident population of 331,449,281 in the fifty states and the District of Columbia, an increase of 7.4 percent, or 22,703,743, over the preceding decade. The growth rate was the second-lowest ever recorded, and the net increase was the sixth highest in history. This was the first census where the ten most populous states each surpassed 10 million residents as well as the first census where the ten most populous cities each surpassed 1 million residents.

2010 United States census

2010 United States census

The United States census of 2010 was the twenty-third United States national census. National Census Day, the reference day used for the census, was April 1, 2010. The census was taken via mail-in citizen self-reporting, with enumerators serving to spot-check randomly selected neighborhoods and communities. As part of a drive to increase the count's accuracy, 635,000 temporary enumerators were hired. The population of the United States was counted as 308,745,538, a 9.7% increase from the 2000 census. This was the first census in which all states recorded a population of over half a million people as well as the first in which all 100 largest cities recorded populations of over 200,000.

2000 United States census

2000 United States census

The United States census of 2000, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000, to be 281,421,906, an increase of 13.2 percent over the 248,709,873 people enumerated during the 1990 census. This was the twenty-second federal census and was at the time the largest civilly administered peacetime effort in the United States.

List of municipalities in New Jersey

List of municipalities in New Jersey

New Jersey is a state located in the Northeastern United States. According to the 2020 United States Census, New Jersey is the 11th most populous state with 9,288,994 inhabitants but the 5th smallest by land area spanning 7,354.76 square miles (19,048.7 km2). As of 2022, New Jersey is divided into 21 counties and contains 564 municipalities consisting of five types: 253 boroughs, 52 cities, 15 towns, 241 townships, and 3 villages. The largest municipality by population in New Jersey is Newark with 311,549 residents whereas the smallest is Walpack Township with 7 residents.

Orthodox Judaism

Orthodox Judaism

Orthodox Judaism is the collective term for the traditionalist and theologically conservative branches of contemporary Judaism. Theologically, it is chiefly defined by regarding the Torah, both Written and Oral, as revealed by God to Moses on Mount Sinai and faithfully transmitted ever since.

Hispanic and Latino Americans

Hispanic and Latino Americans

Hispanic and Latino Americans are Americans of Spanish and/ or Latin American ancestry. More broadly, these demographics include all Americans who identify as Hispanic or Latino regardless of ancestry. As of 2020, the Census Bureau estimated that there were almost 65.3 million Hispanics and Latinos living in the United States and its territories.

Beth Medrash Govoha

Beth Medrash Govoha

Beth Medrash Govoha is a Haredi Jewish Lithuanian yeshiva in Lakewood Township, New Jersey. It was founded by Rabbi Aaron Kotler in 1943 and is the second-largest yeshiva in the world, after Mir Yeshiva in Jerusalem. As of 2019, it had 6,715 students, 2,748 regular and 3,967 in Kollel status. The principal Rosh yeshiva since 1982 is Rabbi Malkiel Kotler. Talmud and halakha studies in the institution are carried in the form of over 200 small groups, Chaburos, which consist of several students mentored by a veteran, each pursuing its own specific curriculum with an emphasis on individual learning.

Israel

Israel

Israel, officially the State of Israel, is a country in Western Asia. Situated between the Eastern Mediterranean and the Red Sea, it is bordered by Lebanon to the north, by Syria to the northeast, by Jordan to the east, by Egypt to the southwest, and by the Palestinian territories — the West Bank along the east and the Gaza Strip along the southwest — with which it shares legal boundaries. Tel Aviv is the economic and technological center of the country, while its seat of government is in its proclaimed capital of Jerusalem, although Israeli sovereignty over East Jerusalem is unrecognized internationally.

History

The earliest documented European settlement of the present Lakewood area was by operators of sawmills, from about 1750 forward. One such sawmill—located at the east end of the present Lake Carasaljo—was known as Three Partners Mill from at least 1789 until at least 1814. From 1815 until 1818, in the same area, Jesse Richards had an iron-smelting operation known as Washington Furnace, using the local bog iron ore. The ironworks were revived in 1833 by Joseph W. Brick, who named the business Bergen Iron Works, which also became the name of the accompanying town. In 1865, the town was renamed Bricksburg in 1865, and in 1880, it was renamed Lakewood and became a fashionable winter resort.

Lakewood's developers thought that "Bricksburg" didn't capture their vision for the community, and the names "Brightwood" and "Lakewood" were proposed. After reaching out to area residents, "Lakewood" was chosen, and the United States Postal Service approved the name in March 1880.[34] The name "Lakewood" was intended to focus on the location near lakes and pine forests.[35]

Lakewood was incorporated as a township by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on March 23, 1892, from portions of Brick Township. Portions of Howell Township in Monmouth County were annexed to Lakewood Township in 1929.[36]

Lakewood's three most prominent hotels were the Laurel House (opened in 1880; closed in 1932), the Lakewood Hotel (opened January 1891, closed in 1925), and the Laurel-in-the-Pines (opened December 1891, burned down in 1967).[37] Lakewood's promoters claimed that its winter temperature was usually about ten degrees warmer than that of New York City and were warmer than points located further south,[38][39] but this claim is not substantiated by official records of the United States Weather Bureau.[40] During the 1890s, Lakewood was a resort for the rich and famous, and The New York Times devoted a weekly column to the activities of Lakewood society.[41] Grover Cleveland spent the winters of 1891–1892 and 1892–1893 in a cottage near the Lakewood Hotel, commuting to his business in New York City.[42] Mark Twain also enjoyed vacationing in Lakewood. George Jay Gould I acquired an estate at Lakewood in 1896, which is now Georgian Court University.[43] John D. Rockefeller bought a property in 1902 which later became Ocean County Park.[44] Lakewood's hotel business remained strong in the 1920s and 1950s, but went into severe decline in the 1960s.[45]

In 1943, Aharon Kotler founded Beth Medrash Govoha (BMG).[46] In time, it would grow to become the largest yeshiva outside of Israel. In the 1960s, much of the woods and cranberry bogs in the township were replaced by large housing developments. Leisure Village, a condominium retirement development on the south side of Route 70, opened for sale in 1963.[47]

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Lake Carasaljo

Lake Carasaljo

A man-made lake in the center of Lakewood Township, New Jersey, Lake Carasaljo was created in the mid-1700s when the South Branch of the Metedeconk River was dammed to provide power for a sawmill, which became known as Three Partners Mill. The lake was given its present name in 1865, when the town was renamed from Bergen Iron Works to Bricksburg.

Smelting

Smelting

Smelting is a process of applying heat to an ore, to extract a base metal. It is a form of extractive metallurgy. It is used to extract many metals from their ores, including silver, iron, copper, and other base metals. Smelting uses heat and a chemical- reducing agent to decompose the ore, driving off other elements as gases or slag and leaving the metal base behind. The reducing agent is commonly a fossil fuel source of carbon, such as coke—or, in earlier times, charcoal. The oxygen in the ore binds to carbon at high temperatures as the chemical potential energy of the bonds in carbon dioxide is lower than the bonds in the ore.

New Jersey Legislature

New Jersey Legislature

The New Jersey Legislature is the legislative branch of the government of the U.S. state of New Jersey. In its current form, as defined by the New Jersey Constitution of 1947, the Legislature consists of two houses: the General Assembly and the Senate. The Legislature meets in the New Jersey State House, in the state capital of Trenton.

Brick Township, New Jersey

Brick Township, New Jersey

Brick Township is a township in Ocean County, New Jersey. As of the 2020 United States census, the township had a population of 73,620, making it the state's 13th-largest municipality and the third most populous municipality in Ocean County behind Lakewood Township and Toms River, New Jersey, having seen a decline of 1,452 residents (−1.9%) from its population of 75,072 in the 2010 census.

Howell Township, New Jersey

Howell Township, New Jersey

Howell Township is a township in Monmouth County, in the U.S. state of New Jersey. The township is the largest municipality in the county by total area, comprised of about 61.21 square miles (158.5 km2). It is located in the New York metropolitan area and has been a steadily growing bedroom community of New York City. As of the 2020 United States census, the township's population was 53,537, an increase of 2,462 (+4.8%) from the 2010 census count of 51,075, which in turn reflected an increase of 2,172 (+4.4%) from the 48,903 counted in the 2000 census.

Monmouth County, New Jersey

Monmouth County, New Jersey

Monmouth County is a county located on the northern part of the Jersey Shore in the U.S. state of New Jersey. The county is part of the New York metropolitan area. As of the 2020 United States census, the county was state's fifth-most-populous county with a population of 643,615, an increase of 13,235 (+2.1%) from the 2010 census count of 630,380, which in turn reflected an increase of 15,079 from 615,301 at the 2000 census. As of 2010, the county fell to the fifth-most populous county in the state, having been surpassed by Hudson County. Monmouth County's geographic area comprises 30% water.

Grover Cleveland

Grover Cleveland

Stephen Grover Cleveland was an American lawyer and politician who served as the 22nd and 24th president of the United States from 1885 to 1889 and from 1893 to 1897. Cleveland is the only president in American history to serve two non-consecutive terms in office. He won the popular vote for three presidential elections—in 1884, 1888, and 1892—and was one of two Democrats to be elected president during the era of Republican presidential domination dating from 1861 to 1933.

Georgian Court University

Georgian Court University

Georgian Court University is a private Roman Catholic university in Lakewood Township, New Jersey. Founded in 1908 by the Sisters of Mercy, the university has more than 1,600 undergraduates and nearly 600 graduate students.

John D. Rockefeller

John D. Rockefeller

John Davison Rockefeller Sr. was an American business magnate and philanthropist. He has been widely considered the wealthiest American of all time and the richest person in modern history. Rockefeller was born into a large family in Upstate New York that moved several times before eventually settling in Cleveland. He became an assistant bookkeeper at age 16 and went into several business partnerships beginning at age 20, concentrating his business on oil refining. Rockefeller founded the Standard Oil Company in 1870. He ran it until 1897 and remained its largest shareholder.

Aharon Kotler

Aharon Kotler

Aharon Kotler (1892–1962) was an Orthodox Jewish rabbi and a prominent leader of Orthodox Judaism in Lithuania and the United States; the latter being where he founded Beth Medrash Govoha in Lakewood Township, New Jersey.

Beth Medrash Govoha

Beth Medrash Govoha

Beth Medrash Govoha is a Haredi Jewish Lithuanian yeshiva in Lakewood Township, New Jersey. It was founded by Rabbi Aaron Kotler in 1943 and is the second-largest yeshiva in the world, after Mir Yeshiva in Jerusalem. As of 2019, it had 6,715 students, 2,748 regular and 3,967 in Kollel status. The principal Rosh yeshiva since 1982 is Rabbi Malkiel Kotler. Talmud and halakha studies in the institution are carried in the form of over 200 small groups, Chaburos, which consist of several students mentored by a veteran, each pursuing its own specific curriculum with an emphasis on individual learning.

Israel

Israel

Israel, officially the State of Israel, is a country in Western Asia. Situated between the Eastern Mediterranean and the Red Sea, it is bordered by Lebanon to the north, by Syria to the northeast, by Jordan to the east, by Egypt to the southwest, and by the Palestinian territories — the West Bank along the east and the Gaza Strip along the southwest — with which it shares legal boundaries. Tel Aviv is the economic and technological center of the country, while its seat of government is in its proclaimed capital of Jerusalem, although Israeli sovereignty over East Jerusalem is unrecognized internationally.

Geography

Lake Shenandoah
Lake Shenandoah

According to the United States Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 25.08 square miles (64.95 km2), including 24.68 square miles (63.92 km2) of land and 0.40 square miles (1.03 km2) of water (1.59%).[3][4] Lying on the coastal plain, Lakewood is a fairly flat place: three-quarters of it is 20 to 80 feet (6.1 to 24.4 m) above sea level, and its highest point is about 150 feet (46 m).[48]

The North Branch of the Metedeconk River forms the northern boundary and part of the eastern boundary of the township, while the South Branch runs through the township. A southern portion of the township is drained by the north branch of Kettle Creek. As implied in its name, Lakewood township has four lakes, all of them man-made; three of them—Lake Carasaljo, Manetta, and Shenandoah—are on the South Branch of the Metedeconk River, whereas the fourth—Lake Waddill—is on Kettle Creek.

Lakewood CDP (2010 Census population of 53,805[49]), Leisure Village (4,400 as of 2010[50]) and Leisure Village East (4,217 as of 2010[51]) are unincorporated communities and census-designated places (CDPs) located within Lakewood Township.[52][53][54]

Other unincorporated communities, localities and place names located partially or completely within the township include Greenville, Lake Carasaljo, Seven Stars and South Lakewood.[55]

The township borders the municipalities of Brick Township, Jackson Township, and Toms River in Ocean County; and Howell Township in Monmouth County.[56][57][58]

The township, including a portion of its southwestern portion, is one of 11 municipalities in Ocean County that are part of the Toms River watershed.[59]

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Metedeconk River

Metedeconk River

The Metedeconk River is a tributary of Barnegat Bay in Ocean County, New Jersey in the United States.

Lakewood (CDP), New Jersey

Lakewood (CDP), New Jersey

Lakewood is an unincorporated community and census-designated place (CDP) located within Lakewood Township, in Ocean County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the CDP's population was 53,805.

Leisure Village, New Jersey

Leisure Village, New Jersey

Leisure Village is an unincorporated community and census-designated place (CDP) located within Lakewood Township, in Ocean County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the CDP's population was 4,400. The sprawling active adult community is also locally known as "Original" Leisure Village because it was the first of three neighboring active adult communities bearing similar names. Leisure Village East, and Leisure Village West are the other two communities nearby. Original Leisure Village (OLV) is also referred to by the moniker "The Village of Seven Lakes."

Leisure Village East, New Jersey

Leisure Village East, New Jersey

Leisure Village East is an unincorporated community and census-designated place (CDP) located within Lakewood Township, in Ocean County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the CDP's population was 4,217. Leisure Village East is one of several active adult communities bearing similar names. Leisure Village and Leisure Village West are the other two communities nearby.

Census-designated place

Census-designated place

A census-designated place (CDP) is a concentration of population defined by the United States Census Bureau for statistical purposes only.

Brick Township, New Jersey

Brick Township, New Jersey

Brick Township is a township in Ocean County, New Jersey. As of the 2020 United States census, the township had a population of 73,620, making it the state's 13th-largest municipality and the third most populous municipality in Ocean County behind Lakewood Township and Toms River, New Jersey, having seen a decline of 1,452 residents (−1.9%) from its population of 75,072 in the 2010 census.

Jackson Township, New Jersey

Jackson Township, New Jersey

Jackson Township is a township in Ocean County, in the U.S. state of New Jersey. A portion of the township is located within the New Jersey Pine Barrens. As of the 2020 United States census, the township's population was 58,544, an increase of 3,688 (+6.7%) from the 2010 census count of 54,856, which in turn reflected an increase of 12,040 (+28.1%) from the 42,816 counted in the 2000 census.

Toms River, New Jersey

Toms River, New Jersey

Toms River is a township in Ocean County, in the U.S. state of New Jersey. Its mainland portion is also a census-designated place of the same name, which serves as the county seat of Ocean County. Formerly known as the Township of Dover, in 2006 voters approved a change of the official name to the Township of Toms River, adopting the name of the largest unincorporated community within the township. Located at the heart of the Jersey Shore region, the township is a bedroom suburb of New York City in the New York metropolitan area and a regional commercial hub in central New Jersey.

Howell Township, New Jersey

Howell Township, New Jersey

Howell Township is a township in Monmouth County, in the U.S. state of New Jersey. The township is the largest municipality in the county by total area, comprised of about 61.21 square miles (158.5 km2). It is located in the New York metropolitan area and has been a steadily growing bedroom community of New York City. As of the 2020 United States census, the township's population was 53,537, an increase of 2,462 (+4.8%) from the 2010 census count of 51,075, which in turn reflected an increase of 2,172 (+4.4%) from the 48,903 counted in the 2000 census.

Monmouth County, New Jersey

Monmouth County, New Jersey

Monmouth County is a county located on the northern part of the Jersey Shore in the U.S. state of New Jersey. The county is part of the New York metropolitan area. As of the 2020 United States census, the county was state's fifth-most-populous county with a population of 643,615, an increase of 13,235 (+2.1%) from the 2010 census count of 630,380, which in turn reflected an increase of 15,079 from 615,301 at the 2000 census. As of 2010, the county fell to the fifth-most populous county in the state, having been surpassed by Hudson County. Monmouth County's geographic area comprises 30% water.

Toms River

Toms River

The Toms River is a 41.7-mile-long (67.1 km) freshwater river and estuary in Ocean County, New Jersey in the United States.

Drainage basin

Drainage basin

A drainage basin is an area of land where all flowing surface water converges to a single point, such as a river mouth, or flows into another body of water, such as a lake or ocean. A basin is separated from adjacent basins by a perimeter, the drainage divide, made up of a succession of elevated features, such as ridges and hills. A basin may consist of smaller basins that merge at river confluences, forming a hierarchical pattern.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
18801,044
19003,094
19105,14966.4%
19206,11018.7%
19307,86928.8%
19408,5028.0%
195010,80927.1%
196016,02048.2%
197025,23357.5%
198038,46452.4%
199045,04817.1%
200060,35234.0%
201092,84353.8%
2020135,15845.6%
2021 (est.)138,070[11][13]2.2%
Population sources:
1880[60] 1900-2000[61] 1900-1920[62]
1900-1910[63] 1910-1930[64]
1930-1990[65] 2000[66][67]
2010[21][22][23][26] 2020[11][12]

A study of Jewish communities published under the auspices of the Berman Jewish DataBank estimated that Lakewood had a total Jewish population of 54,500 in 2009, about 59% of the township's 2010 population.[68] A 2018 estimate by NJ.com found that two-thirds of the township's residents, or about 90,000 people, were Orthodox Jews.[69]

The median value of owner occupied housing is $322,000 with an average mortgage of $2,216 and additional housing expenses of $807. The median gross rent is $1,463.[70]

2010 census

The 2010 United States census counted 92,843 people, 24,283 households, and 17,362 families in the township. The population density was 3,777.7 per square mile (1,458.6/km2). There were 26,337 housing units at an average density of 1,071.6 per square mile (413.7/km2). The racial makeup was 84.33% (78,290) White, 6.35% (5,898) Black or African American, 0.30% (276) Native American, 0.84% (777) Asian, 0.02% (14) Pacific Islander, 6.68% (6,199) from other races, and 1.50% (1,389) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 17.30% (16,062) of the population.[21]

Of the 24,283 households, 43.2% had children under the age of 18; 58.5% were married couples living together; 9.1% had a female householder with no husband present and 28.5% were non-families. Of all households, 24.6% were made up of individuals and 16.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.73 and the average family size was 4.49.[21]

41.8% of the population were under the age of 18, 10.3% from 18 to 24, 24.6% from 25 to 44, 11.1% from 45 to 64, and 12.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 23.9 years. For every 100 females, the population had 98.7 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and older there were 94.0 males.[21]

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $41,527 (with a margin of error of +/− $1,797) and the median family income was $45,420 (+/− $2,296). Males had a median income of $39,857 (+/− $4,206) versus $32,699 (+/− $2,365) for females. The per capita income for the township was $16,430 (+/− $565). About 21.9% of families and 26.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 36.0% of those under age 18 and 5.7% of those age 65 or over.[71]

2000 census

As of the 2000 United States census[72] there were 60,352 people, 19,876 households, and 13,356 families residing in the township. The population density was 2,431.8 inhabitants per square mile (938.9/km2). There were 21,214 housing units at an average density of 854.8 per square mile (330.0/km2). The racial makeup of the township was 78.77% White, 12.05% African American, 0.17% Native American, 1.39% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 4.61% from other races, and 2.98% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 14.80% of the population.[66][67]

There were 19,876 households, out of which 32.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.3% were married couples living together, 10.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.8% were non-families. 28.5% of all households were made up of individuals, and 19.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.92 and the average family size was 3.64.[66][67]

In the township the population was spread out, with 31.8% under the age of 18, 10.1% from 18 to 24, 23.5% from 25 to 44, 15.7% from 45 to 64, and 18.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females, there were 91.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.5 males.[66][67]

The median income for a household in the township was $35,634, and the median income for a family was $43,806. Males had a median income of $38,967 versus $26,645 for females. The per capita income for the township was $16,700. About 15.7% of families and 19.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 28.9% of those under age 18 and 7.7% of those age 65 or over.[66][67]

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1880 United States census

1880 United States census

The United States census of 1880 conducted by the Census Bureau during June 1880 was the tenth United States census. It was the first time that women were permitted to be enumerators. The Superintendent of the Census was Francis Amasa Walker. This was the first census in which a city—New York City—recorded a population of over one million.

1900 United States census

1900 United States census

The United States census of 1900, conducted by the Census Office on June 1, 1900, determined the resident population of the United States to be 76,212,168, an increase of 21.01% from the 62,979,766 persons enumerated during the 1890 census.

1910 United States census

1910 United States census

The United States census of 1910, conducted by the Census Bureau on April 15, 1910, determined the resident population of the United States to be 92,228,496, an increase of 21 percent over the 76,212,168 persons enumerated during the 1900 census. The 1910 census switched from a portrait page orientation to a landscape orientation.

1920 United States census

1920 United States census

The United States census of 1920, conducted by the Census Bureau during one month from January 5, 1920, determined the resident population of the United States to be 106,021,537, an increase of 15.0 percent over the 92,228,496 persons enumerated during the 1910 census.

1930 United States census

1930 United States census

The United States census of 1930, conducted by the Census Bureau one month from April 1, 1930, determined the resident population of the United States to be 122,775,046, an increase of 13.7 percent over the 106,021,537 persons enumerated during the 1920 census.

1940 United States census

1940 United States census

The United States census of 1940, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 132,164,569, an increase of 7.3 percent over the 1930 population of 122,775,046 people. The census date of record was April 1, 1940.

1950 United States census

1950 United States census

The United States census of 1950, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 150,697,361, an increase of 14.5 percent over the 131,669,275 persons enumerated during the 1940 census.

1960 United States census

1960 United States census

The United States census of 1960, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 179,323,175, an increase of 18.5 percent over the 151,325,798 persons enumerated during the 1950 census. This was the first census in which all states recorded a population of over 200,000. This census's data determined the electoral votes for the 1964 and 1968 presidential elections. This was also the last census in which New York was the most populous state.

1970 United States census

1970 United States census

The United States census of 1970, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 203,392,031, an increase of 13.4 percent over the 179,323,175 persons enumerated during the 1960 census.

1980 United States census

1980 United States census

The United States census of 1980, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 226,545,805, an increase of 11.4 percent over the 203,184,772 persons enumerated during the 1970 census. It was the first census in which a state—California—recorded a population of 20 million people, as well as the first in which all states recorded populations of over 400,000.

1990 United States census

1990 United States census

The United States census of 1990, conducted by the Census Bureau, was the first census to be directed by a woman, Barbara Everitt Bryant. It determined the resident population of the United States to be 248,709,873, an increase of 9.8 percent over the 226,545,805 persons enumerated during the 1980 census.

2000 United States census

2000 United States census

The United States census of 2000, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000, to be 281,421,906, an increase of 13.2 percent over the 248,709,873 people enumerated during the 1990 census. This was the twenty-second federal census and was at the time the largest civilly administered peacetime effort in the United States.

Economy

Portions of the township are part of an Urban Enterprise Zone (UEZ), one of 32 zones covering 37 municipalities statewide. Lakewood was selected in 1994 as one of a group of 10 zones added to participate in the program.[73] In addition to other benefits to encourage employment within the UEZ, shoppers can take advantage of a reduced 3.3125% sales tax rate (half of the 6+58% rate charged statewide) at eligible merchants.[74] Established in November 1994, the township's Urban Enterprise Zone status expires in October 2025.[75] The UEZ is overseen by the Lakewood Development Corporation, which works to foster the UEZ and the businesses that operate inside it through loan and grant programs.[76]


Arts and culture

The Strand Theater, established in 1922, was designed by architect Thomas W. Lamb.[77]

Sports

ShoreTown Ballpark, home of the Jersey Shore BlueClaws, is a 6,588-seat stadium constructed at a cost of $22 million through funds raised from the township's Urban Enterprise Zone.[78]

ShoreTown Ballpark—Blueclaws Stadium
ShoreTown Ballpark—Blueclaws Stadium

The High-A East's Jersey Shore BlueClaws, the High-A Minor League Baseball affiliate of the Philadelphia Phillies, play at FirstEnergy Park. The BlueClaws, previously known as the Lakewood Blue Claws,[79] have led the league in attendance every year since its formation in 2001 up until 2011, with more than 380,000 fans in the 2001 season, representing an average attendance of more than 6,200 fans per game.[80]

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ShoreTown Ballpark

ShoreTown Ballpark

ShoreTown Ballpark is a stadium in Lakewood, New Jersey. It is primarily used for baseball and is the home field of the Jersey Shore BlueClaws High-A East baseball team, affiliated with the Philadelphia Phillies Major League Baseball team. It is also used for outdoor concerts, featuring touring musical artists such as Bob Dylan. It was built in 2001 and has 6,588 fixed seats with extended additional space on grass berms and at picnic tables around the 360-degree concourse.

Jersey Shore BlueClaws

Jersey Shore BlueClaws

The Jersey Shore BlueClaws are a Minor League Baseball team of the South Atlantic League and the High-A affiliate of the Philadelphia Phillies. They are located in Lakewood, New Jersey, and are named for their location on the Jersey Shore and blue crabs native to the area. The BlueClaws play their home games at ShoreTown Ballpark.

High-A

High-A

High-A is the third-highest level of play in Minor League Baseball in the United States and Canada, below Triple-A and Double-A, and above Single-A. There are 30 teams classified at the High-A level, one for each team in Major League Baseball (MLB), organized into three leagues: the Midwest League, Northwest League, and South Atlantic League.

Minor League Baseball

Minor League Baseball

Minor League Baseball (MiLB) is professional baseball below Major League Baseball (MLB), including teams affiliated with MLB clubs and independent baseball leagues consisting of unaffiliated teams.

Philadelphia Phillies

Philadelphia Phillies

The Philadelphia Phillies are an American professional baseball team based in Philadelphia. They compete in Major League Baseball (MLB) as a member of the National League (NL) East division. Since 2004, the team's home stadium has been Citizens Bank Park, located in the South Philadelphia Sports Complex. Founded in 1883, the Philadelphia Phillies are the oldest continuous same-name, same-city franchise in all of American professional sports.

Parks and recreation

Ocean County Park offers tennis courts, sports fields, hiking trails, beach volleyball, a driving range, swimming and cross-country skiing.[81] Lakes Carasaljo and Shenandoah have canoe and kayak access, and jogging trails.[82] The Sister Mary Grace Burns Arboretum is located on the campus of Georgian Court University.[83]

Government

Local government

Lakewood Township is governed under the Township form of New Jersey municipal government, one of 141 municipalities (of the 564) statewide that use this form, the second-most commonly used form of government in the state.[84] The Township Committee is comprised of five members, who are elected directly by the voters at-large in partisan elections to serve three-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with either one or two seats coming up for election each year as part of the November general election in a three-year cycle.[9][85] At an annual reorganization meeting, the Township Committee selects one of its members to serve as Mayor and another as Deputy Mayor.

The Township Committee controls all legislative powers of the Township except for health matters, which are controlled by the Board of Health. In addition, the Committee appoints members to boards, commissions, and committees. Each member of the township committee serves as a liaison to different divisions, departments, and committees.

The mayor, elected from among members of the committee, presides at meetings and performs other duties as the Township Committee may prescribe. The mayor has the power to appoint subcommittees with the consent of the committee. When authorized, he or she may execute documents on behalf of the township, makes proclamations concerning holidays and events of interest, and exercises ceremonial power of the Township and other powers conferred upon him by law.

As of 2022, the members of the Lakewood Township Committee are Mayor Ray Coles (D, term on committee ends December 31, 2023; term as mayor ends 2022), Deputy mayor Menashe Miller (R, 2024), Albert Akerman (R, 2022), Michael J. D'Elia Sr. (R, 2023) and Meir Lichtenstein (D, 2024).[5][86][87][88][89][90][91]

Police

Lakewood Township is served by the Lakewood Police Department (LPD), which provides police protection for the township. It has several specialized units: Traffic and Safety, School Resource Officers, Special Response Team (SWAT), Dive Team, and a Motorcycle Patrol and Bicycle Patrol unit in the spring and summer. The current Chief of Police is Gregory Meyer.[92]

Fire

Lakewood Township is served by the Lakewood Fire Department (LFD), a unified combination consisting of four Volunteer Fire Stations and one career fire station which provide fire protection for the township.[93]

The fire department was founded in October 1888. The Board of Fire Commissioners was created in 1896. The first motorized equipment was purchased in 1915. The largest fire in township history occurred on April 20, 1940, when a forest fire destroyed over 50 structures and burned down most of the southern half of town. The largest loss of life caused by fire occurred on February 12, 1936, when the Victoria Mansion Hotel, valued at $100,000 (equivalent to $2 million in 2021), located on the southeast corner of Lexington Avenue and Seventh Street, was destroyed in a fire and 16 people died.[94] The largest structure fire in department history occurred on March 29, 1967, when the block-long Laurel in the Pines Hotel was leveled by a suspicious fire that also killed three people. The last fire hose was picked up a week later when the fire was finally declared out.[95]

There are currently 32 career firefighters (Including a Career Fire Chief, 2 Captains 6 Lieutenants) and approximately 40 volunteer firefighters.

The Chief of the Lakewood Fire Department is Jonathan Yahr.[93]

Fire stations

Fire stations are located across the township:[93]

  • Engine Company 1 – Engine 1, Engine 11; 119 First Street
  • Engine 2, 1350 Lanes Mills Road
  • Engine 3; 976 New Hampshire Avenue
  • Ladder 3, Engine 33; 170 Lafayette Boulevard
  • Engine 4, Engine 44; 300 River Avenue
  • Engine 5 735 Cedarbridge Avenue (Career)
  • Ladder 5 800 Monmouth Avenue (Career)
  • Support Services & RAC Unit (Rehab) 733 Cedarbridge Avenue

EMS

Lakewood Township is served by three emergency medical services (EMS) entities, which include Lakewood EMS (LEMS), Lakewood First Aid & Emergency Squad (LFAS) and Hatzolah EMS. The squads are all independently operated, but work together to provide emergency medical services for the township. Lakewood First Aid & Emergency Squad and Hatzolah EMS are volunteer organizations, while Lakewood EMS is a career municipal service under the direction of EMS Chief Crystal Van de Zilver. In the event of a motor vehicle accident, Lakewood First Aid & Emergency Squad are the primary providers of vehicle extrication services for the township and Hatzolah EMS serves as backup.[96]

The three organizations collectively have approximately 150 volunteer and paid EMTs. Hatzolah also has a paramedic unit by special arrangement with RWJBarnabas Health.[97]

  • Lakewood First Aid & Emergency Squad – Squad 25 – 1555 Pine Street[98]
  • Hatzolah EMS – Squad 45 – Monmouth Avenue and 3rd Street, 501 West County Line Road at Heathwood Avenue
EMS Department
  • Lakewood EMS – Squad 52 – 1555 Pine Street

Federal, state, and county representation

Lakewood Township is located in the 4th Congressional District,[99] and is part of New Jersey's 30th state legislative district.[22][100][101]

For the 118th United States Congress, New Jersey's Fourth Congressional District is represented by Chris Smith (R, Manchester Township).[102][103] New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Democrats Cory Booker (Newark, term ends 2027)[104] and Bob Menendez (Harrison, term ends 2025).[105][106]

For the 2022–2023 session, the 30th Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Robert Singer (R, Lakewood Township) and in the General Assembly by Sean T. Kean (R, Wall Township) and Ned Thomson (R, Wall Township).[107]

Ocean County is governed by a Board of County Commissioners comprised of five members who are elected on an at-large basis in partisan elections and serving staggered three-year terms of office, with either one or two seats coming up for election each year as part of the November general election. At an annual reorganization held in the beginning of January, the board chooses a Director and a Deputy Director from among its members.[108] As of 2022, Ocean County's Commissioners (with party affiliation, term-end year and residence) are:

Commissioner Director John P. Kelly (R, 2022, Eagleswood Township),[109] Commissioner Deputy Director Virginia E. Haines (R, 2022, Toms River),[110] Barbara Jo Crea (R, 2024, Little Egg Harbor Township)[111] Gary Quinn (R, 2024, Lacey Township)[112] and Joseph H. Vicari (R, 2023, Toms River).[113][114][115] Constitutional officers elected on a countywide basis are County Clerk Scott M. Colabella (R, 2025, Barnegat Light),[116][117] Sheriff Michael G. Mastronardy (R, 2022; Toms River)[118][119] and Surrogate Jeffrey Moran (R, 2023, Beachwood).[120][121][122]

Politics

As of March 2011, there were a total of 37,925 registered voters in Lakewood Township, of which 6,417 (16.9%) were registered as Democrats, 13,287 (35.0%) were registered as Republicans, and 18,202 (48.0%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 19 voters registered to other parties.[123] Among the township's 2010 Census population, 40.8% (vs. 63.2% in Ocean County) were registered to vote, including 70.2% of those ages 18 and over (vs. 82.6% countywide).[123][124]

The Vaad in Lakewood is an 11-member council of elders from the Orthodox community, which greatly influences the way the community will vote, often after interviewing political candidates.[125][126]

In the 2020 presidential election, Republican Donald Trump received 82.5% of the vote (30,648 votes), ahead of Democrat Joe Biden with 17.2% (6,397 votes), and other candidates with 0.3% (117 votes).[127] Trump won his greatest margin from any municipality in the whole state. In the 2016 presidential election, Republican Donald Trump received 74.4% of the vote (17,914 votes), ahead of Democrat Hillary Clinton with 24.2% (5,841 votes), and other candidates with 1.4% (333 votes).[128] In the 2012 presidential election. Republican Mitt Romney received 72.9% of the vote (19,273 cast), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 26.7% (7,062 votes), and other candidates with 0.3% (87 votes), among the 26,590 ballots cast by the township's 41,233 registered voters (168 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 64.5%.[129][130] In the 2008 presidential election, Republican John McCain received 69.1% of the vote (19,173 cast), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 29.7% (8,242 votes), and other candidates with 0.5% (144 votes), among the 27,750 ballots cast by the township's 39,640 registered voters, for a turnout of 70.0%.[131] In the 2004 presidential election, Republican George W. Bush received 66.4% of the vote (16,045 ballots cast), outpolling Democrat John Kerry with 32.5% (7,852 votes) and other candidates with 0.4% (137 votes), among the 24,152 ballots cast by the township's 35,217 registered voters, for a turnout percentage of 68.6.[132]

In the 2013 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 82.4% of the vote (11,850 cast), ahead of Democrat Barbara Buono with 16.9% (2,427 votes), and other candidates with 0.7% (107 votes), among the 14,921 ballots cast by the township's 41,567 registered voters (537 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 35.9%.[133][134] In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 54.9% of the vote (10,528 ballots cast), ahead of Democrat Jon Corzine with 30.8% (5,910 votes), Independent Chris Daggett with 2.6% (506 votes) and other candidates with 0.7% (142 votes), among the 19,171 ballots cast by the township's 37,928 registered voters, yielding a 50.5% turnout.[135]

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At-large

At-large

At large is a description for members of a governing body who are elected or appointed to represent a whole membership or population, rather than a subset. In multi-hierarchical bodies the term rarely extends to a tier beneath the highest division. A contrast is implied, with certain electoral districts or narrower divisions. It can be given to the associated territory, if any, to denote its undivided nature, in a specific context. Unambiguous synonyms are the prefixes of cross-, all- or whole-, such as cross-membership, or all-state.

Mayor

Mayor

In many countries, a mayor is the highest-ranking official in a municipal government such as that of a city or a town. Worldwide, there is a wide variance in local laws and customs regarding the powers and responsibilities of a mayor as well as the means by which a mayor is elected or otherwise mandated. Depending on the system chosen, a mayor may be the chief executive officer of the municipal government, may simply chair a multi-member governing body with little or no independent power, or may play a solely ceremonial role. A mayor's duties and responsibilities may be to appoint and oversee municipal managers and employees, provide basic governmental services to constituents, and execute the laws and ordinances passed by a municipal governing body. Options for selection of a mayor include direct election by the public, or selection by an elected governing council or board.

Democratic Party (United States)

Democratic Party (United States)

The Democratic Party is one of the two major contemporary political parties in the United States. Founded in 1828, it was predominantly built by Martin Van Buren, who assembled a wide cadre of politicians in every state behind war hero Andrew Jackson, making it the world's oldest active political party. Its main political rival has been the Republican Party since the 1850s. The party is a big tent, and is less ideologically uniform than the Republican Party due to the broader list of unique voting blocs that compose it, though modern liberalism is the majority ideology in the party.

Deputy mayor

Deputy mayor

The deputy mayor is an elective or appointive office of the second-ranking official that is present in many, but not all, local governments.

Republican Party (United States)

Republican Party (United States)

The Republican Party, also referred to as the GOP, is one of the two major contemporary political parties in the United States. The GOP was founded in 1854 by anti-slavery activists who opposed the Kansas–Nebraska Act, which allowed for the potential expansion of chattel slavery into the western territories. Since Ronald Reagan's presidency in the 1980s, conservatism has been the dominant ideology of the GOP. It has been the main political rival of the Democratic Party since the mid-1850s. The Republican Party's historical predecessor is considered to be Northern members of the Whig Party, with Republican presidents Abraham Lincoln, Rutherford B. Hayes, Chester A. Arthur, and Benjamin Harrison all being Whigs before switching to the party, from which they were elected. The collapse of the Whigs, which had previously been one of the two major parties in the country, strengthened the party's electoral success.

Emergency medical services

Emergency medical services

Emergency medical services (EMS), also known as ambulance services or paramedic services, are emergency services that provide urgent pre-hospital treatment and stabilisation for serious illness and injuries and transport to definitive care. They may also be known as a first aid squad, FAST squad, emergency squad, ambulance squad, ambulance corps, life squad or by other initialisms such as EMAS or EMARS.

Emergency medical technician

Emergency medical technician

An emergency medical technician (EMT), also known as an ambulance technician, is a health professional that provides emergency medical services. EMTs are most commonly found working in ambulances. In English-speaking countries, paramedics are a separate profession that has additional educational requirements, qualifications, and scope of practice.

Paramedic

Paramedic

A paramedic is a healthcare professional who responds to emergency calls for medical help outside of a hospital. Paramedics mainly work as part of the emergency medical services (EMS), most often in ambulances. The scope of practice of a paramedic varies among countries, but generally includes autonomous decision making around the emergency care of patients.

RWJBarnabas Health

RWJBarnabas Health

RWJBarnabas Health is a network of independent healthcare providers in New Jersey, based out of West Orange. Members include academic centers, acute care facilities, and research hospitals. The goals of the network include collaboration on educational and research programs.

118th United States Congress

118th United States Congress

The 118th United States Congress is the current meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It convened in Washington, D.C., on January 3, 2023, and is scheduled to continue until January 3, 2025, during the final two years of President Joe Biden's first term.

New Jersey's 4th congressional district

New Jersey's 4th congressional district

New Jersey's 4th congressional district is a congressional district that stretches along the New Jersey Shore. It has been represented by Republican Chris Smith since 1981, the second-longest currently serving member of the US House of Representatives and the longest serving member of Congress from New Jersey in history.

Chris Smith (New Jersey politician)

Chris Smith (New Jersey politician)

Christopher Henry Smith is an American politician serving his 21st term as the U.S. representative for New Jersey's 4th congressional district. Though it has taken various forms, his district has always been situated in central New Jersey. Currently, the district contains parts of Ocean and Monmouth counties.

Education

The Lakewood School District serves students in pre-kindergarten through twelfth grade, and is broken up into three different stages of schooling.[136][137] As of the 2018–19 school year, the district, comprised of eight schools, had an enrollment of 6,767 students and 492.5 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 13.7:1.[138] Schools in the district (with 2018–19 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics[139]) are Lakewood Early Childhood Center[140] with 206 students in Pre-K, Ella G. Clarke School[141] with 606 students in grades 2–5, Clifton Avenue School[142] with 365 students in grades 2–5, Oak Street School[143] with 794 students in grades 1–5, Piner Elementary School[144] with 509 students in grades Pre-K–1, Spruce Street School[145] with 479 students in grades Pre-K–1, Lakewood Middle School[146] with 1,334 students in grades 6–8 and Lakewood High School[147] with 1,243 students in grades 9–12.[148]

In recent years, the Lakewood School District has had budgetary issues, shutting down briefly in 2019 due to a funding deficit.[149] The district spends more money on special education programs than any other district in the state and has a high bill for mandatory busing to non-public schools. Town leaders also cite imbalanced state funding formulas as the root of the district's financial problems.[150]

Georgian Court University is a private, Roman Catholic university located on the shores of Lake Carasaljo. Founded in 1908 by the Sisters of Mercy as a women's college in North Plainfield, New Jersey, the school moved to the former estate of George Jay Gould I in Lakewood in 1924. Women made up 88% of the student population in Fall 2006.[151]

There are many yeshivas and Jewish day schools serving the Orthodox Jewish community, with the school district providing busing to 18,000 students enrolled at 74 yeshivas as of 2011,[152] and 25,000 by 2016.[153] BMG, one of the world's largest yeshivas, had an enrollment in excess of 5,000. It is a post high school institution for higher education, where students primarily focus on the study of the Talmud and halakha (Jewish law).[154]

The non-denominational Calvary Academy serves students in kindergarten through twelfth grade.[155]

The Roman Catholic-affiliated Holy Family School served youth from preschool through eighth grade under the auspices of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Trenton. In 2014, the diocese announced that the school was closing at the end of the 2014–2015 school year, as fewer students were enrolling.[156]

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Lakewood School District (New Jersey)

Lakewood School District (New Jersey)

The Lakewood School District is a comprehensive community public school district that serves students in pre-kindergarten through twelfth grade in Lakewood Township in Ocean County, New Jersey, United States.

Pre-kindergarten

Pre-kindergarten

Pre-kindergarten is a voluntary classroom-based preschool program for children below the age of five in the United States, Canada, Turkey and Greece. It may be delivered through a preschool or within a reception year in elementary school. Pre-kindergartens play an important role in early childhood education. They have existed in the US since 1922, normally run by private organizations. The U.S. Head Start program, the country's first federally funded pre-kindergarten program, was founded in 1967. This attempts to prepare children to succeed in school.

Full-time equivalent

Full-time equivalent

Full-time equivalent (FTE), or whole time equivalent (WTE), is a unit of measurement that indicates the workload of an employed person in a way that makes workloads or class loads comparable across various contexts. FTE is often used to measure a worker's or student's involvement in a project, or to track cost reductions in an organization. An FTE of 1.0 is equivalent to a full-time worker or student, while an FTE of 0.5 signals half of a full work or school load.

National Center for Education Statistics

National Center for Education Statistics

The National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) is the part of the United States Department of Education's Institute of Education Sciences (IES) that collects, analyzes, and publishes statistics on education and public school district finance information in the United States. It also conducts international comparisons of education statistics and provides leadership in developing and promoting the use of standardized terminology and definitions for the collection of those statistics. NCES is a principal agency of the U.S. Federal Statistical System.

Lakewood High School (New Jersey)

Lakewood High School (New Jersey)

Lakewood High School is a four-year comprehensive public high school serving students in ninth through twelfth grades in Lakewood Township, Ocean County, New Jersey, United States, operating as the lone secondary school of the Lakewood School District.

Georgian Court University

Georgian Court University

Georgian Court University is a private Roman Catholic university in Lakewood Township, New Jersey. Founded in 1908 by the Sisters of Mercy, the university has more than 1,600 undergraduates and nearly 600 graduate students.

Lake Carasaljo

Lake Carasaljo

A man-made lake in the center of Lakewood Township, New Jersey, Lake Carasaljo was created in the mid-1700s when the South Branch of the Metedeconk River was dammed to provide power for a sawmill, which became known as Three Partners Mill. The lake was given its present name in 1865, when the town was renamed from Bergen Iron Works to Bricksburg.

North Plainfield, New Jersey

North Plainfield, New Jersey

North Plainfield is a borough in Somerset County, in the U.S. state of New Jersey. It is located within the Raritan Valley region. As of the 2020 United States census, the borough's population was 22,808, an increase of 872 (+4.0%) from the 2010 census count of 21,936, which in turn reflected an increase of 833 (+3.9%) from the 21,103 counted in the 2000 census.

Jewish day school

Jewish day school

A Jewish day school is a modern Jewish educational institution that is designed to provide children of Jewish parents with both a Jewish and a secular education in one school on a full-time basis. The term "day school" is used to differentiate schools attended during the day from parttime weekend schools as well as secular or religious "boarding school" equivalents where the students live full-time as well as study. The substance of the "Jewish" component varies from school to school, community to community, and usually depends on the Jewish denominations of the schools' founders. While some schools may stress Judaism and Torah study others may focus more on Jewish history, Hebrew language, Yiddish language, secular Jewish culture, and Zionism.

Halakha

Halakha

Halakha, also transliterated as halacha, halakhah, and halocho, is the collective body of Jewish religious laws which is derived from the written and Oral Torah. Halakha is based on biblical commandments (mitzvot), subsequent Talmudic and rabbinic laws, and the customs and traditions which were compiled in the many books such as the Shulchan Aruch. Halakha is often translated as "Jewish law", although a more literal translation of it might be "the way to behave" or "the way of walking". The word is derived from the root which means "to behave". Halakha not only guides religious practices and beliefs, it also guides numerous aspects of day-to-day life.

Kindergarten

Kindergarten

Kindergarten is a preschool educational approach based on playing, singing, practical activities such as drawing, and social interaction as part of the transition from home to school. Such institutions were originally made in the late 18th century in Germany, Bavaria and Alsace to serve children whose parents both worked outside home. The term was coined by German pedagogue Friedrich Fröbel, whose approach globally influenced early-years education. Today, the term is used in many countries to describe a variety of educational institutions and learning spaces for children ranging from 2 to 6 years of age, based on a variety of teaching methods.

Catholic school

Catholic school

Catholic schools are pre-primary, primary and secondary educational institutions administered under the aegis or in association with the Catholic Church. As of 2011, the Catholic Church operates the world's largest religious, non-governmental school system. In 2016, the church supported 43,800 secondary schools and 95,200 primary schools. The schools include religious education alongside secular subjects in their curriculum.

Transportation

The northbound Garden State Parkway at CR 528 in Lakewood
The northbound Garden State Parkway at CR 528 in Lakewood

Roads and highways

As of May 2010, the township had a total of 193.15 miles (310.84 km) of roadways; of which 135.26 miles (217.68 km) were maintained by the municipality, 43.28 miles (69.65 km) by Ocean County, 11.22 miles (18.06 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation, and 3.39 miles (5.46 km) by the New Jersey Turnpike Authority.[157]

The Garden State Parkway is the most prominent highway in Lakewood. It passes through the eastern part of the municipality, connecting Toms River in the south to Brick in the north[158] with one major interchange serving Lakewood at exit 89.[159] Drivers can access Route 70 from exit 89, after exit 88 was permanently closed in November 2014.[160] The state and U.S. routes that pass through are Route 70, Route 88 and Route 9. Major county routes that pass through are CR 526, CR 528, CR 547 and CR 549.

Public transportation

The Lakewood Bus Terminal is a regional transit hub. NJ Transit provides bus service on the 137 and 139 routes to and from the Port Authority Bus Terminal in New York City, to Philadelphia on the 317 route, to Newark on the 67 and to Atlantic City on the 559.[161]

The Lakewood Shuttle is a bus with two routes: one in town, and one in Industrial Park.

Ocean Ride local service is provided on the OC3 Brick / Lakewood / Toms River and OC4 Lakewood – Brick Link routes.[162][163][164]

Lakewood Airport is a public-use airport located 3 miles (4.8 km) southeast of the township's central business district. The airport is publicly owned.[165]

The Monmouth Ocean Middlesex Line (MOM) is a passenger rail project proposed by NJ Transit Rail Operations (NJT) to serve the Central New Jersey counties of Monmouth, Ocean and Middlesex which would serve Lakewood.[166]

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Garden State Parkway

Garden State Parkway

The Garden State Parkway (GSP) is a controlled-access toll road that stretches the north–south length of eastern New Jersey from the state's southernmost tip near Cape May to the New York state line at Montvale. Its name refers to New Jersey's nickname, the "Garden State". The parkway is designated by the New Jersey Department of Transportation (NJDOT) as Route 444, although this designation is unsigned. At its north end, the road becomes the Garden State Parkway Connector, a component of the New York State Thruway system that connects to the Thruway mainline in Ramapo. The parkway is the longest highway in the state at approximately 172 miles (277 km), and, according to the International Bridge, Tunnel and Turnpike Association, was the busiest toll road in the United States in 2006. Most of the highway north of the Raritan River runs through heavily populated areas. Between the Raritan River and the township of Toms River, the highway passes through lighter suburban development, while south of Toms River, the road mostly runs through unspoiled wilderness in the Pine Barrens and swampland. The highway has a posted speed limit of 65 miles per hour (105 km/h) for most of its length and is primarily for passenger vehicle use; trucks weighing over 10,000 pounds (4,500 kg) are prohibited north of exit 105.

County Route 528 (New Jersey)

County Route 528 (New Jersey)

County Route 528 is a county highway in the U.S. state of New Jersey. The highway is designated 39.89 miles (64.20 km) from Farnsworth Avenue in Bordentown to Ocean Avenue in Mantoloking. The eastern end of the highway sustained extensive damage in 2012 when an inlet opened between Barnegat Bay and the Atlantic Ocean during Hurricane Sandy, scouring away the road east of the Mantoloking Bridge. The bridge and Route 35 intersection fully reopened in February 2013.

New Jersey Department of Transportation

New Jersey Department of Transportation

The New Jersey Department of Transportation (NJDOT) is the agency responsible for transportation issues and policy in New Jersey, including maintaining and operating the state's highway and public road system, planning and developing transportation policy, and assisting with rail, freight, and intermodal transportation issues. It is headed by the Commissioner of Transportation. The present Commissioner is Diane Gutierrez-Scaccetti.

New Jersey Turnpike Authority

New Jersey Turnpike Authority

The New Jersey Turnpike Authority (NJTA) is a state agency responsible for maintaining the New Jersey Turnpike and the Garden State Parkway, which are two toll roads in the U.S. state of New Jersey. The agency is headquartered in Woodbridge Township, New Jersey.

Brick Township, New Jersey

Brick Township, New Jersey

Brick Township is a township in Ocean County, New Jersey. As of the 2020 United States census, the township had a population of 73,620, making it the state's 13th-largest municipality and the third most populous municipality in Ocean County behind Lakewood Township and Toms River, New Jersey, having seen a decline of 1,452 residents (−1.9%) from its population of 75,072 in the 2010 census.

New Jersey Route 70

New Jersey Route 70

Route 70 is a state highway located in the U.S. state of New Jersey. It extends 59.84 mi (96.30 km) from an interchange with Route 38 in Pennsauken Township, Camden County to an intersection with Route 34 and Route 35 in Wall Township, Monmouth County. Route 70 cuts across the middle of the state as a two-lane highway through the Pine Barrens in Burlington and Ocean counties. A popular truck route, it provides access between southeast Pennsylvania and the Jersey Shore resorts, particularly Long Beach Island by way of Route 72. It is also a congested commercial route within Philadelphia's New Jersey suburbs. The western section in Cherry Hill and Marlton is a four- to eight-lane divided highway that serves as a major suburban arterial and is locally known as the Marlton Pike. The eastern section in Monmouth and Ocean counties is also a multilane divided highway that runs through suburban areas. Route 70 is officially known as the John Davison Rockefeller Memorial Highway its entire length in honor of John Davison Rockefeller.

New Jersey Route 88

New Jersey Route 88

Route 88 is a state highway in the northern part of Ocean County, New Jersey, United States. It runs 10.02 mi (16.13 km) from an intersection with U.S. Route 9 and County Route 547 in Lakewood Township to an intersection with Route 35 in Point Pleasant. It is a two-lane undivided road that passes through mostly residential and commercial areas. The route intersects CR 549 in Lakewood, Route 70 in Brick Township at the former Laurelton Circle, and CR 549 Spur in Point Pleasant. The road is mentioned in the lyrics of the 1973 song "Spirit in the Night" by Bruce Springsteen.

County Route 526 (New Jersey)

County Route 526 (New Jersey)

County Route 526 is a county highway in the U.S. state of New Jersey. The highway extends 35.56 miles (57.23 km) from Princeton–Hightstown Road in West Windsor Township to Lanes Mill Road in Lakewood Township.

County Route 547 (New Jersey)

County Route 547 (New Jersey)

County Route 547 is a county highway in the U.S. state of New Jersey. The highway extends 30.36 miles (48.86 km) from Route 70 in Lakehurst to the intersection of Broadway and Myrtle Avenue in Long Branch. Near its southern terminus, it passes the East Gate of Joint Base McGuire–Dix–Lakehurst, known as Lakehurst Naval Air Station in the past, and the site of the crash of the Hindenburg in 1937.

County Route 549 (New Jersey)

County Route 549 (New Jersey)

County Route 549 is a county highway in the U.S. state of New Jersey. The highway extends 17.82 miles (28.68 km) from Main Street at County Route 527 in Toms River to County Route 547 at Monmouth CR 21 in Howell. The highway has the distinction of being the only 500-series route left with two separate spur routes.

NJ Transit

NJ Transit

New Jersey Transit Corporation, branded as NJ Transit, and often shortened to NJT, is a state-owned public transportation system that serves the U.S. state of New Jersey, along with portions of New York State and Pennsylvania. It operates bus, light rail, and commuter rail services throughout the state, connecting to major commercial and employment centers both within the state and in the adjacent major cities of New York and Philadelphia. In 2021, the system had a ridership of 133,463,800.

New York City

New York City

New York, often called New York City or NYC, is the most populous city in the United States. With a 2020 population of 8,804,190 distributed over 300.46 square miles (778.2 km2), New York City is also the most densely populated major city in the United States, and is more than twice as populous as second-place Los Angeles. New York City lies at the southern tip of New York State, and constitutes the geographical and demographic center of both the Northeast megalopolis and the New York metropolitan area, the largest metropolitan area in the United States both by population and by urban landmass. With over 20.1 million people in its metropolitan statistical area and 23.5 million in its combined statistical area as of 2020, New York is one of the world's most populous megacities, and over 58 million people live within 250 mi (400 km) of the city. New York City is a global cultural, financial, entertainment, and media center with a significant influence on commerce, health care and life sciences, research, technology, education, politics, tourism, dining, art, fashion, and sports. Home to the headquarters of the United Nations, New York is an important center for international diplomacy, and is sometimes described as the capital of the world.

Notable people

People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Lakewood Township include:

Discover more about Notable people related topics

Posek

Posek

In Jewish law, a Posek is a legal scholar who determines the position of halakha, the Jewish religious laws derived from the written and Oral Torah in cases of Jewish law where previous authorities are inconclusive, or in those situations where no clear halakhic precedent exists.

Morton I. Abramowitz

Morton I. Abramowitz

Morton Isaac Abramowitz is an American diplomat and former U.S. State Department official. Starting his overseas career in Taipei, Taiwan after joining the foreign service, he served as U.S. Ambassador to Thailand and Turkey and as the Assistant Secretary of State for Intelligence and Research. He retired from the State Department with the rank of Career Ambassador. He then became president of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace and founded the International Crisis Group.

Jay Alders

Jay Alders

Jay Alders is an American fine artist, photographer and graphic designer. He is best known for his original surf art paintings, live painting and is a well-known profile in surf culture for his work with musicians, artists and cause organizations.

Joe Baum

Joe Baum

Joseph Harold Baum was an American restaurateur and innovator responsible for creating the country's first themed restaurants, including The Four Seasons Restaurant, Windows on the World, and the restored Rainbow Room. He was the first restaurateur to bring contemporary architects, artists and designers into his restaurant designs.

Dallas Chaparrals

Dallas Chaparrals

The Dallas Chaparrals were a charter member of the American Basketball Association (ABA). The team moved to San Antonio, Texas for the 1973–74 season and were renamed the San Antonio Spurs. The Spurs joined the National Basketball Association (NBA) for the 1976–77 NBA season as a result of the ABA–NBA merger.

Houston Mavericks

Houston Mavericks

The Houston Mavericks were a charter member of the American Basketball Association (ABA). They played in the upstart league's first two seasons, from 1967 to 1969. Their home arena was the Sam Houston Coliseum. In 1947–48, there was an unrelated Mavericks franchise based in Houston as part of the Professional Basketball League of America.

Canadian football

Canadian football

Canadian football is a sport played in Canada in which two teams of 12 players each compete for territorial control of a field of play 110 yards (101 m) long and 65 yards (59 m) wide attempting to advance a pointed oval-shaped ball into the opposing team's scoring area.

Linebacker

Linebacker

Linebacker (LB) is a playing position in gridiron football. Linebackers are members of the defensive team, and line up three to five yards behind the line of scrimmage and the defensive linemen. They are the "middle ground" of defenders, playing closer to the line of scrimmage than the defensive backs (secondary), but farther back than the defensive linemen.

Hamilton Tiger-Cats

Hamilton Tiger-Cats

The Hamilton Tiger-Cats are a professional Canadian football team based in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada. They are currently members of the East Division of the Canadian Football League (CFL). The Tiger-Cats play their home games at Tim Hortons Field. In 1950, the Tigers merged with cross-town upstart Hamilton Wildcats and adopted the name "Tiger-Cats".

Canadian Football League

Canadian Football League

The Canadian Football League is a professional sports league in Canada. The CFL is the highest level of competition in Canadian football. The league consists of nine teams, each located in a city in Canada. They are divided into two divisions: four teams in the East Division and five teams in the West Division.

Halakha

Halakha

Halakha, also transliterated as halacha, halakhah, and halocho, is the collective body of Jewish religious laws which is derived from the written and Oral Torah. Halakha is based on biblical commandments (mitzvot), subsequent Talmudic and rabbinic laws, and the customs and traditions which were compiled in the many books such as the Shulchan Aruch. Halakha is often translated as "Jewish law", although a more literal translation of it might be "the way to behave" or "the way of walking". The word is derived from the root which means "to behave". Halakha not only guides religious practices and beliefs, it also guides numerous aspects of day-to-day life.

Brandon Carter (American football)

Brandon Carter (American football)

Brandon Scott Carter is a former American football guard who played in the National Football League. He played college football for Texas Tech University. He was signed by the New Orleans Saints as an undrafted free agent in 2010. After football he signed to WWE, where he worked in their developmental territory NXT Wrestling under the name TAC.

Sister cities

Source: "Lakewood Township, New Jersey", Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, (2023, January 27th), https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lakewood_Township,_New_Jersey.

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See also
Further reading
  • Spoto, MaryAnn (June 30, 2017). "11 things to know about Lakewood, suddenly the newsiest town in N.J." The Star-Ledger.
References
  1. ^ Steve Strunsky (April 16, 2019). "Lakewood yeshiva looks to use old golf course for new campus". New Jersey On-Line LLC. Retrieved April 19, 2019. Beth Medrash Gohova is said to be the world's largest Jewish-affiliated university outside of Israel.
  2. ^ Stephen Stirling (August 3, 2017). "10 ways Lakewood is unlike anywhere else in N.J." NJ Advance Media. Retrieved April 19, 2019. The sea change can be pinned to one event: The founding of the Beth Medrash Govoha yeshiva in the mid-20th century. The Orthodox Jewish community has set down roots en masse around the religious school, which is now the largest yeshiva in North America.
  3. ^ a b c d e f 2019 Census Gazetteer Files: New Jersey Places, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 1, 2020.
  4. ^ a b US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990 , United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
  5. ^ a b Committee Members, Lakewood Township. Accessed April 20, 2022.
  6. ^ 2022 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed March 1, 2022. As of date accessed, Coles is listed with a term-end year of 2023, which is the end of his committee term of office, not his mayoral term.
  7. ^ Municipal Manager, Township of Lakewood. Accessed March 19, 2022.
  8. ^ Township Clerk, Township of Lakewood. Accessed March 19, 2022.
  9. ^ a b 2012 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, March 2013, p. 103.
  10. ^ "Township of Lakewood". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey, United States Department of the Interior. Retrieved September 15, 2014.
  11. ^ a b c d e QuickFacts Lakewood township, Ocean County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed December 10, 2022.
  12. ^ a b c Total Population: Census 2010 - Census 2020 New Jersey Municipalities, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed December 1, 2022.
  13. ^ a b Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Minor Civil Divisions in New Jersey: April 1, 2020 to July 1, 2021, United States Census Bureau. Accessed December 1, 2022.
  14. ^ GCT-PH1 Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - State -- County Subdivision from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey Archived February 12, 2020, at archive.today, United States Census Bureau. Accessed August 5, 2013.
  15. ^ Look Up a ZIP Code for Lakewood, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed September 5, 2011.
  16. ^ Zip Codes, State of New Jersey. Accessed September 14, 2013.
  17. ^ Area Code Lookup - NPA NXX for Lakewood, NJ, Area-Codes.com. Accessed September 14, 2013.
  18. ^ a b "Township of Lakewood (Ocean County, New Jersey)". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved May 15, 2014.
  19. ^ a b "FIPS55 Data: New Jersey". FIPS55 Data. United States Geological Survey. February 23, 2006. Archived from the original on June 18, 2006. Retrieved May 15, 2014.
  20. ^ Geographic Codes Lookup for New Jersey, Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed April 1, 2022.
  21. ^ a b c d e DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for Lakewood township, Ocean County, New Jersey Archived February 12, 2020, at archive.today, United States Census Bureau. Accessed January 3, 2012.
  22. ^ a b c Municipalities Sorted by 2011-2020 Legislative District, New Jersey Department of State. Accessed February 1, 2020.
  23. ^ a b Table DP-1. Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for Lakewood township Archived 2012-05-13 at the Wayback Machine, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed January 3, 2012.
  24. ^ Table 7. Population for the Counties and Municipalities in New Jersey: 1990, 2000 and 2010, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, February 2011. Accessed August 20, 2012.
  25. ^ Table 1. New Jersey Counties and Most Populous Cities and Townships: 2020 and 2010 Censuses, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed March 19, 2022.
  26. ^ a b The Counties and Most Populous Cities and Townships in 2010 in New Jersey: 2000 and 2010, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed May 12, 2017.
  27. ^ Rundquist, Jeanette. "Lakewood, N.J.'s fastest-growing town, is defined by its diversity", The Star-Ledger, February 6, 2011. Accessed September 5, 2011. "The 54 percent population increase, according to residents and community leaders in Lakewood, was fueled by growth in the Jewish community, the Latino community, and a third group, senior citizens. The town's African-American population, meanwhile, dropped slightly."
  28. ^ Cervenka, Susanne. "Ocean no longer among state’s oldest counties; Affordable housing, access to Parkway behind population shift", Home News Tribune, August 5, 2022. Accessed June 27, 2023, via Newspapers.com. "Lakewood leads Ocean County’s youth movement. The township, which is New Jersey’s fastest growing community, saw its median age drop from 24.6 years in 2010 to 18.5 years last year, the most recent year for which data is available. Much of its growth, and the decline in median age is a result of the burgeoning Orthodox Jewish community.... Families are also typically large in the Orthodox community, and state data shows Lakewood has been experiencing a baby boom for much of the last 20 years."
  29. ^ a b Di Ionno, Mark. "How Lakewood became a worldwide destination for Orthodox Jews", The Star-Ledger, May 7, 2017. Accessed May 12, 2017. "It is Friday in Lakewood. A few thousand young men in black suits and wide-brimmed black hats are rushing toward Beth Medrash Govoha (BMG), the world's largest yeshiva outside of Israel... The yeshiva has about 6,500 students, equal in enrollment to the College of New Jersey."
  30. ^ Goldberg, Rabbi Meir. "NJ Orthodox: Lots of variation in Lakewood’s Jewish community", Asbury Park Press, June 27, 2019. Accessed February 6, 2022. "Lakewood's Orthodox Jews have created an economic engine that employs tens of thousands of Jews and non-Jews alike, including construction, tech, health care, real estate, law, medicine, finance, service and home repair industries and more."
  31. ^ Peterson, Iver. "Tragedy Forces Town To Face Its Divisions; Breaching Barriers of Creed and Culture", The New York Times, August 19, 1995. Accessed June 20, 2016. "The community is not withdrawn in politics, however. The Orthodox vote as a nearly solid bloc, making them the dominant political power in Lakewood, and a power that can only grow: Leaders of the yeshiva community, which had about 400 members in 1968, expect their numbers to top 27,000 by the turn of the century."
  32. ^ Weiss, Steven I. "U.S. gets another Orthodox mayor", Jewish Telegraphic Agency, July 12, 2006. Accessed February 6, 2022. "That’s certainly the case in Lakewood, where Meir Lichtenstein was inaugurated as mayor in January. Orthodox Jews make up nearly half of the village's 70,000 residents, and they often vote as a bloc, with a council of leaders determining whom they should support."
  33. ^ Stilton, Phil. Jack Ciattarelli visits Lakewood, making a pitch for the Lakewood bloc vote, Shore News Network, May 31, 2021. Accessed February 6, 2022. "New Jersey candidate for Governor Ciattarelli this week visited Lakewood to lobby for that town’s large and highly coveted 'bloc vote'. In politics, the Lakewood Orthodox Jewish community often votes as a bloc, but not always, guided by a council of rabbis and business owners in the growing city called 'the VAAD'. The Lakewood vote can often make or break a candidate's campaign and Ciattarelli knows that."
  34. ^ History of Lakewood, VillageProfile.com. Accessed September 2, 2015. "Because the name of the town did not suit the visions its promoters had for it, Samuel D. Davis suggested the name 'Brightwood'. Erastus Dickinson suggested 'Lakewood' and the times and Journal conducted a house-to-house canvass of the citizens, who voted for 'Lakewood' by a large majority. On March 20, 1880, the Post Office officially recognized the name of the village as 'Lakewood.'"
  35. ^ Hutchinson, Viola L. The Origin of New Jersey Place Names, New Jersey Public Library Commission, May 1945. Accessed September 2, 2015.
  36. ^ Snyder, John P. The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 203. Accessed March 19, 2012.
  37. ^ Axel-Lute pp. 6–8, 11–12, 14, 26, 39, 42–43, 83–84, 95.
  38. ^ Staff. "Lakewood A Winter Home.; Pure Air For Weak Lungs Among The New-Jersey Pines.", The New York Times, December 23, 1882. Accessed August 30, 2015. "We have here the purest of air, filtered through miles of pine forest; the purest of water, and the best possible soil for the purpose, with perfect drainage, and a climate always at least 10° warmer than that of New York and from 20° to 30° warmer than New-England."
  39. ^ "Holidays At Lakewood; Balmy Christmas Weather a Boon to Outdoor Sports. Social Events Were Also Abundant Hotels Liberally Decorated and Extra Efforts to Entertain Guests -- Recent Arrivals from New-York.", The New York Times, December 29, 1895. Accessed August 30, 2015. "These observations have proved that Lakewood possesses an average temperature warmer than that of many a place much further south, a point on which many persons previously had doubts."
  40. ^ United States Weather Bureau (1934). Climatic Summary of the U.S.
  41. ^ Axel-Lute pp. 52–53.
  42. ^ Axel-Lute p. 44.
  43. ^ Axel-Lute p. 49.
  44. ^ Axel-Lute p. 65.
  45. ^ Axel-Lute, pp. 84, 95.
  46. ^ Barchenger, Stacey (April 25, 2018) "BMG: How This Orthodox Jewish School and Its Leader Turned Lakewood Into NJ's Boom Town", app.com. Retrieved April 20, 2022.
  47. ^ Axel-Lute pp. 96–97.
  48. ^ Axel-Lute p. 1.
  49. ^ DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data for Lakewood CDP, New Jersey Archived February 12, 2020, at archive.today, United States Census Bureau. Accessed August 20, 2012.
  50. ^ DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data for Leisure Village CDP, New Jersey Archived February 12, 2020, at archive.today, United States Census Bureau. Accessed August 20, 2012.
  51. ^ DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data for Leisure Village East CDP, New Jersey Archived February 12, 2020, at archive.today, United States Census Bureau. Accessed August 20, 2012.
  52. ^ GCT-PH1 - Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County -- County Subdivision and Place from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for Ocean County, New Jersey Archived February 12, 2020, at archive.today, United States Census Bureau. Accessed December 26, 2012.
  53. ^ 2006-2010 American Community Survey Geography for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed December 26, 2012.
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  59. ^ Toms River Watershed, Barnegat Bay Partnership. Accessed July 3, 2022.
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  61. ^ Barnett, Bob. Population Data for Ocean County Municipalities, 1850 - 2000, WestJersey.org, January 6, 2011. Accessed December 26, 2012.
  62. ^ Compendium of censuses 1726-1905: together with the tabulated returns of 1905, New Jersey Department of State, 1906. Accessed August 5, 2013.
  63. ^ Thirteenth Census of the United States, 1910: Population by Counties and Minor Civil Divisions, 1910, 1900, 1890, United States Census Bureau, p. 338. Accessed December 26, 2012.
  64. ^ Fifteenth Census of the United States : 1930 - Population Volume I, United States Census Bureau, p. 718. Accessed December 26, 2012.
  65. ^ Table 6. New Jersey Resident Population by Municipality: 1930 - 1990, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed June 28, 2015.
  66. ^ a b c d e Census 2000 Profiles of Demographic / Social / Economic / Housing Characteristics for Lakewood township, Ocean County, New Jersey Archived 2012-06-05 at the Wayback Machine, United States Census Bureau. Accessed January 3, 2012.
  67. ^ a b c d e DP-1: Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2000 - Census 2000 Summary File 1 (SF 1) 100-Percent Data for Lakewood township, Ocean County, New Jersey Archived February 12, 2020, at archive.today, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 23, 2012.
  68. ^ Sheskin, Ira; and Dashefsky, Arnold. Jewish Population in the United States, 2011, Berman Jewish DataBank, 2011. Accessed March 26, 2022.
  69. ^ Strunsky, Steve. "Lakewood's Orthodox population keeps growing. We talk to a rabbi about why, and what it means.", NJ Advance Media for NJ.com, November 26, 2018, updated September 24, 2019. Accessed March 26, 2022. "With more than 100,000 residents, two thirds of them Orthodox, Lakewood is now the fifth most populous municipality in New Jersey, trailing only Newark, Jersey City, Paterson and Elizabeth -- and it's still growing."
  70. ^ QuickFacts Lakewood township, Ocean County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 21, 2022.
  71. ^ DP03: Selected Economic Characteristics from the 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates for Lakewood township, Ocean County, New Jersey Archived February 12, 2020, at archive.today, United States Census Bureau. Accessed January 3, 2012.
  72. ^ U.S. Census website , United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
  73. ^ Urban Enterprise Zone Tax Questions and Answers, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs, May 2009. Accessed October 28, 2019. "In 1994 the legislation was amended and ten more zones were added to this successful economic development program. Of the ten new zones, six were predetermined: Paterson, Passaic, Perth Amboy, Phillipsburg, Lakewood, Asbury Park/Long Branch (joint zone). The four remaining zones were selected on a competitive basis. They are Carteret, Pleasantville, Union City and Mount Holly."
  74. ^ Urban Enterprise Zone Program, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed October 27, 2019. "Businesses participating in the UEZ Program can charge half the standard sales tax rate on certain purchases, currently 3.3125% effective 1/1/2018"
  75. ^ Urban Enterprise Zones Effective and Expiration Dates, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed January 8, 2018.
  76. ^ http://www.lakewoodnj.gov/department/uez Urban Enterprise Zone, Township of Lakewood. Accessed November 19, 2019. "The Lakewood Development Corporation administers Lakewood's Urban Enterprise Zone program and the Lakewood Foreign Trade Zone. Both programs are designed to encourage economic development through the location and/or expansion of businesses to the municipality. The LDC offers business loans and grants to certified UEZ businesses as well as numerous other business encouragement incentives."
  77. ^ The History of The Strand Archived 2015-03-09 at the Wayback Machine, Strand Center of the Arts. Accessed September 15, 2014. "The famous theater architect Thomas Lamb was commissioned in the early 1900s by the Ferber Amusement Company to design a theater in Lakewood, New Jersey.... In 1922, The Strand opened in a time when Lakewood was a popular playground for the rich and famous, including Grover Cleveland and John D. Rockefeller."
  78. ^ Luttrell, Jim. "Baseball: Minor League Notebook; Phillies' Class A Team Plays in First-Class Park", The New York Times, May 25, 2001. Accessed September 5, 2011. "While the final touches are being applied to new stadiums in Staten Island and Brooklyn, the eighth minor league franchise in New Jersey has already unveiled its $22 million facility.... The Lakewood stadium, which was built in an urban enterprise zone and which the team says is the largest urban enterprise project in the state, has 6,588 reserved seats and general admission grass seating beyond the outfield fences that accommodates another 3,000 people."
  79. ^ Benjamin, Hill (October 21, 2020). "Shore thing: BlueClaws adopt beachy keen look". Minor League Baseball. Retrieved October 21, 2020.
  80. ^ Staff. "Blueclaws Lead League In Attendance For 11th Straight Year", News Record, September 6, 2011. Accessed August 20, 2012. "For the 11th time in as many years, the Lakewood BlueClaws minor league baseball team has led the South Atlantic League in attendance. With 6,263 fans per game coming to FirstEnergy Park – 93 fans per game more than 2010 – the BlueClaws wrapped up their 11th straight attendance title and now begin the push towards five million fans, which will happen early in 2012. The BlueClaws drew 382,070 to FirstEnergy Park this year, bringing their 11-year total to 4,838,603 fans, 161,397 shy of 5-million."
  81. ^ Staff. "Rockefeller Estate Will Become a Park", The New York Times, April 18, 1940. Accessed July 18, 2018.
  82. ^ "Lakes Carasaljo and Shenandoah", Trails.com
  83. ^ Sister Mary Grace Burns Arboretum, Georgian Court University. Accessed February 25, 2020. "The arboretum, established in 1989, is named after Sister Mary Grace Burns, who was the chairperson of the biology department and professor of biology from 1927 to 1968. It comprises the entire campus (approx. 155 acres)."
  84. ^ Inventory of Municipal Forms of Government in New Jersey, Rutgers University Center for Government Studies, July 1, 2011. Accessed November 18, 2019.
  85. ^ "Forms of Municipal Government in New Jersey", p. 7. Rutgers University Center for Government Studies. Accessed June 3, 2015.
  86. ^ 2022 Municipal Data Sheet, Lakewood Township. Accessed December 10, 2022.
  87. ^ Township of Lakewood, Ocean County, New Jersey. Accessed April 20, 2022.
  88. ^ 2022 Ocean County & Municipal Elected Officials, Ocean County, New Jersey Clerk, updated April 1, 2022. Accessed April 18, 2022.
  89. ^ 2021 General Election Official Results, Ocean County, New Jersey. Accessed January 1, 2022.
  90. ^ 2020 General Election November 3, 2020 Official results, Ocean County, New Jersey, updated December 2, 2020. Accessed January 1, 2021.
  91. ^ 2019 General Election Official Results November 5, 2019, Ocean County, New Jersey Clerk, updated November 15, 2019. Accessed January 1, 2020.
  92. ^ Police Department, Lakewood Township. Accessed September 5, 2011.
  93. ^ a b c Fire Department, Township of Lakewood. Accessed December 10, 2022."The Lakewood Volunteer Fire Department was founded in 1888. The Lakewood Fire Department is a combination department. There are currently 80 active firefighters and fire police members in the volunteer fire department. The Career Department was started in the 1950s."
  94. ^ Staff. "Ten Bodies Found In Lakewood Fire; Searchers, Working From Dawn Till Night, Believe Five More Are in Hotel Ruins. Impeded By Cold And Ice Only Nine Are Identified, Three Tentatively -- Cause of Blaze Is Not Yet Determined.", The New York Times, February 14, 1936. Accessed August 5, 2013. "The toll of known dead in the fire that destroyed the Victoria Mansion Hotel here rose to ten today as three more bodies were recovered. The police were certain that five more were in the ruins heaped where the $100,000 resort building had stood."
  95. ^ Staff. "Lakewood Resort Hotel Is Demolished by Fire", The New York Times, March 29, 1967. Accessed August 5, 2013. "A raging fire, with flames 300 feet high, destroyed the Laurel in the Pines Hotel here tonight."
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  97. ^ "MONOC transfers operations to RWJBarnabas Health, Hackensack Meridian Health, CentraState Healthcare System". centraljersey.com. April 3, 2020. Retrieved July 9, 2021.
  98. ^ Services, Lakewood First Aid & Emergency Squad. Accessed September 14, 2013.
  99. ^ Plan Components Report, New Jersey Redistricting Commission, December 23, 2011. Accessed February 1, 2020.
  100. ^ 2019 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government, New Jersey League of Women Voters. Accessed October 30, 2019.
  101. ^ Districts by Number for 2011-2020, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  102. ^ Directory of Representatives: New Jersey, United States House of Representatives. Accessed August 5, 2022.
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  154. ^ Fahim, Kareem. "As Orthodox Population Grows, So Do Tensions", The New York Times, December 10, 2007. Accessed September 5, 2011. "Many Orthodox Jews have been drawn to Lakewood by the prestige of the town's yeshiva, Beth Medrash Govoha, one of the largest rabbinical colleges in the world. The yeshiva was founded in 1943 by a Polish-born rabbi, Aaron Kotler. In 1962, when Rabbi Kotler died, the school had 250 students. It now has about 5,000. The wider yeshiva community includes more than a hundred temples, and about 50 schools."
  155. ^ A Brief History Archived 2011-07-25 at the Wayback Machine, Calvary Academy. Accessed September 5, 2011.
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  158. ^ Garden State Parkway Straight Line Diagram, New Jersey Department of Transportation, January 1997. Accessed September 15, 2014.
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  161. ^ Ocean County Bus / Rail Connections, NJ Transit, backed up by the Internet Archive as of May 22, 2009. Accessed December 26, 2012.
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  165. ^ FAA Airport Form 5010 for N12 PDF, effective December 20, 2007.
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  167. ^ Halachic authority Archived 2017-12-25 at the Wayback Machine "after the passing of Rabbi Kotler, Rabbi Abadi became the Posek and the exclusive Halachic authority in Lakewood."
  168. ^ "Nomination of Morton Isaac Abramowitz To Be United States Ambassador to Turkey", American Presidency Project, April 19, 1989. Accessed February 9, 2011. "Ambassador Abramowitz was born January 20, 1933, in Lakewood, NJ. He graduated from Stanford University (B.A., 1953) and Harvard University (M.A., 1955)."
  169. ^ Val Ackerman, The Washington Times. Accessed February 9, 2011. "Valerie B. Val Ackerman was born on November 7, 1959, in Lakewood, New Jersey, but grew up in Pennington, New Jersey, United States."
  170. ^ "Jay Alders Profile, ResinMag.com, February 2010. Accessed February 19, 2018. "Resinmag.com: Where were you Born? Jay Alders: In Lakewood, NJ, about 12 or so miles from the beaches of Jersey."
  171. ^ Grimes, William. "Joseph Baum, American Dining's High Stylist, Dies at 78", The New York Times, October 6, 1998. Accessed February 9, 2011. "After graduating from high school in Lakewood, N.J., in 1937, he worked for two years as a busboy, waiter and cook in hotels in New Jersey and Florida to earn tuition money to attend Cornell University, where he earned a degree in hotel administration in 1943."
  172. ^ Spider Bennett, Basketball-Reference.com. Accessed February 9, 2011.
  173. ^ Tyrice Beverette, Stony Brook Seawolves football. Accessed December 13, 2021. "Hometown: Lakewood, N.J.; High School: Lakewood"
  174. ^ Ben Dov, Reuven. "Through the Maze", The Jerusalem Post, January 3, 1992. Accessed February 10, 2011. "Halachos of Brochos by Yisroel Pinchos Bodner, Lakewood, New Jersey."
  175. ^ Brandon Carter Archived 2017-04-05 at the Wayback Machine, New Orleans Saints. Accessed February 9, 2011. "Born Brandon Scott Carter Sept. 10, 1986 in Lakewood, N.J."
  176. ^ Haakon Maurice Chevailer, Federal Bureau of Investigation. Accessed February 9, 2011. "Haakon Maurice Chevalier was born on September 10, 1901, at Lakewood, New Jersey."
  177. ^ "Rav Simcha Bunim Cohen On NJ Toeivah Vote: Call Senators and Be Mosif in Tefillah and Torah", Matzav.com, January 7, 2010. Accessed February 10, 2011.
  178. ^ Hegedus, Eric. "Shooting from the lip: 'Southland' cop sounds off on NBC cancellation and TNT rescue", New York Post, February 28, 2010. Accessed February 10, 2011. "Cudlitz, 45, has moved on. The Flushing native and former Lakewood, NJ, resident, has aroused a lot of interest in his portrayal of Cooper, who has many personal issues, including his developing gay identity, a prescription drug dependency and a job-threatening back injury, and an ex-wife who figures into his pill-popping problem."
  179. ^ "The Beleaguered Man", Time, April 4, 1955. Accessed March 27, 2008. "For the best part of two years (1951-1953) he made his home at the Maryknoll Junior Seminary in Lakewood, N.J.. often going down to Washington to buttonhole State Department men and Congressmen and urge them not to support French colonialism."
  180. ^ Walker, Rob. Cul-de-Sac Cred, The New York Times, July 10, 2005. Accessed January 3, 2012. "Marc Milecofsky grew up in Lakewood, N.J., about an hour and a half south of Manhattan."
  181. ^ Schweitzer, Sarah. "When faith, real estate converge: In Sharon, an eruv boosts house prices", The Boston Globe, May 29, 2005. Accessed February 10, 2011. "The Sharon eruv was constructed under the supervision of Meir Sendor, the rabbi at Young Israel of Sharon, with continuing consultation from a noted eruv expert, Rabbi Shimon Eider, of Lakewood, N.J."
  182. ^ Jones, Abigail. "In Orthodox Jewish Divorce, Men Hold All the Cards", Newsweek, April 8, 2015. Accessed December 14, 2021. "'Basically, what we are going to be doing is kidnapping a guy for a couple of hours and beating him up and torturing him and then getting him to give the get,” Rabbi Mendel Epstein told two potential clients. It was August 14, 2013, and he was sitting in his home in Lakewood, New Jersey, with a young Orthodox Jewish woman and her brother."
  183. ^ Adelizzi, Joe. "Heat wave at the Shore Leiter leads long list of flamethrowers in area's baseball lore", Asbury Park Press, October 3, 1999. Accessed February 9, 2011. "16. Dick Estelle Lakewood1958 His fastball got him a trip with the Giants."
  184. ^ Mike Gesicki, Penn State Nittany Lions football. Accessed December 2, 2016. "Born October 3, 1995 in Lakewood, N.J."
  185. ^ Horner, Shirley. "No Headline", The New York Times, August 26, 1984. Accessed March 24, 2016. "'Lottery losers might soon end up winning books here, too,' Hazel Gluck of Lakewood, director of the New Jersey Division of the State Lottery, said the other day."
  186. ^ Staff. "Goulds Wed In June At Georgian Court; Sailed Together After Lakewood Ceremony, and Are Now at Aix-les-Bains. No Mystery, They Declare Their Chief Desire, They Say Now, Was for Quiet Wedding and Peaceful Honeymoon.", The New York Times, July 14, 1922. Accessed February 9, 2011. "It will surprise some of their neighbors at Lakewood to learn that the wedding took place at Georgian Court, the Gould house at Lakewood... "
  187. ^ Staff. "Haines picked to head lottery", Asbury Park Press, May 19, 1994. Accessed August 30, 2016. "Education: Graduated from Lakewood High School in 1964; attended Ocean County College."
  188. ^ "Rav Yehuda Jacobs zt”l", Matzav.com, April 27, 2020. Accessed May 31, 2020. "Settling in Lakewood with his wife, Mrs. Ruthie Jacobs, he grew along with the yeshiva, eventually being instated as one of the mashgichim."
  189. ^ Staff. "Serge Jaroff", The New York Times, October 8, 1985. Accessed February 9, 2011. "Serge Jaroff, founder and director of the Don Cossack Chorus, died Saturday in the Paul Kimball Medical Center in Lakewood, N.J. He was 89 years old and lived in Lakewood."
  190. ^ The White House Announces National Finalists For 1998-1999 White House Fellowships, Clinton administration, May 5, 1998. Accessed January 27, 2023. "C.S. Eliot Kang, 35, is a foreign policy analyst at the Japan Institute of International Affairs in Tokyo. A native of Seoul, South Korea, Kang grew up in Lakewood, N.J."
  191. ^ Stan Kasten keynote speaker page on the Harry Walker Agency Speakers Bureau website.
  192. ^ Klein, Abagail. "Arrivals: Finding their comfort zone", The Jerusalem Post, November 26, 2010. Accessed January 26, 2022. "Both born in 1975 and raised in New Jersey, Shai Jaskoll (Teaneck) and Shoshanna Keats (Lakewood) first crossed paths here."
  193. ^ The George Jay Gould Estate, Georgian Court University. Accessed February 9, 2011. "The health benefits of Lakewood enticed George Jay Gould, son of railroad magnate Jay Gould, to build Georgian Court in 1896. The construction began ten years after his marriage to a lovely young actress named Edith Kingdon. Edith and George Gould believed Lakewood would be an ideal spot in which to rear their two sons and four daughters."
  194. ^ Caldwell, Dave. "In the Minor Leagues, It's Not Just About the Baseball", The New York Times, May 1, 2005. Accessed August 20, 2012. "Then, in 1944, a prominent rabbi named Aron Kotler moved to Lakewood from Eastern Europe, and a large Orthodox Jewish community evolved that still numbers about 20,000."
  195. ^ Staff. "Rabbi Shneur Kotler, 64, Head Of Rabbinical School in Jersey", The New York Times, June 27, 1982. Accessed February 9, 2011. "Rabbi Shneur Kotler, dean of Beth Medrash Govoha, a postgraduate rabbinical school in Lakewood, N.J., died Thursday at Massachusetts General Hospital, in Boston. He was 64 years old and a resident of Lakewood."
  196. ^ Ducibella, Jim. "Beach Open", The Virginian-Pilot, May 5, 2002. Accessed February 9, 2011. "Kresge, a Lakewood, NJ, native, worked short-game magic the entire back nine..."
  197. ^ Staff. "Joseph Mayer; Former Mayor of Belmar Was Director of Freeholders", The New York Times, November 19, 1942. Accessed February 9, 2011. "He was born in Hazelton, Pa., Where he was elected to the Common Council at the age of 21 and later served as its president. He moved to Belmar in 1908 after residing in Lakewood."
  198. ^ "Bearing Witness: The New York Photo League and Sonia Handelman Meyer", Mint Museum. Accessed December 6, 2019. "The exhibition features a special spotlight on the work of Sonia Handelman Meyer. Born in Lakewood, New Jersey in 1920, Meyer spent most of her life in New York City."
  199. ^ Edelson, Stephen. "Was Purnell Mincy the Jersey Shore's greatest athlete?", Asbury Park Press, February 20, 2015. Accessed October 17, 2020. "Purnell Mincy was a three-sport star at Lakewood, graduating in 1937.... I'm beginning to think Lakewood's Purnell Mincy might be the greatest athlete the Jersey Shore has ever produced...."
  200. ^ Staff. "Charles W. Morse's Marriage Annulled; Divorce Mrs. Morse Secured from First Husband Pronounced Illegal.", The New York Times, January 8, 1904. Accessed February 10, 2011. "They gave up that house a few months ago, and have been living at their home in Lakewood, N.J., and at their Summer cottage at Bath, Me."
  201. ^ Staff. "Loren Murchison, 80, Track Star", The New York Times, June 14, 1979. Accessed February 9, 2011. "For the last 16 years he had resided in Leisure Village, a retirement community in Lakeville [sic]."
  202. ^ Pack Family,- Arizona Historical Society. Accessed November 23, 2017. "Arthur Newton Pack was born February 20th, 1893, in Cleveland, Ohio.... He eventually moved to Lakewood, New Jersey where he lived until his death in 1937."
  203. ^ Thomas Jr., Robert McG."Haydn Proctor, 93, a Judge And New Jersey State Senator", The New York Times, October 5, 1996. Accessed February 10, 2011. "Haydn Proctor, a longtime New Jersey official who operated at the highest levels of all three branches of state government, died on Wednesday at a hospital near his home in Lakewood, N.J."
  204. ^ Staff. "N.J. corruption arrests strike core of Deal's Syrian Jewish community", The Star-Ledger, July 23, 2009. Accessed February 10, 2011. "'These are only allegations. All these people are innocent until proven guilty,' said Yosef Reinman, a rabbi and author in Lakewood's sizable Orthodox Jewish community, which is less than 20 miles from Deal."
  205. ^ Kornbluh, Jacob (July 14, 2016). "Trump Names Two Top Advisers to Head 'Israel Advisory Committee'; Jason Greenblatt and David Friedman charged with coming up with alternative solutions to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict". Haaretz. Retrieved May 16, 2017. Dr. Richard Roberts, a prominent Republican donor from Lakewood, NJ has been appointed as vice chair."
  206. ^ Ocean County Park Archived 2008-09-14 at the Wayback Machine, Ocean County Department of Parks & Recreation. Accessed February 9, 2011. "Ocean County Park was originally part of Financier John D. Rockefeller's vacation estate."
  207. ^ via United Press International. "Bulls' Bid Denied", Times-Union, July 12, 1972. Accessed February 10, 2011. "Robert Schmertz, a real estate executive from Lakewood, has received unanimous approval from the National Basketball Association Board of Governors to purchase the Boston Celtics, but another group was rejected in its bid to buy the Chicago Bulls."
  208. ^ P., Ken. "An Interview with Armin Shimerman: Deep Space Nine's Quark discusses his career." Archived 2011-07-13 at the Wayback Machine, IGN, August 4, 2003. Accessed February 9, 2011. "IGN Filmforce: Am I correct in understanding that you're originally from Lakewood, New Jersey? Armin Shimerman: Yes ... a small town in the mid-section of New Jersey, Ocean County. It was a great, great childhood and it was a terrific town – probably still is. I haven't been there for decades. I keep waiting for them to invite me back to be sort of a VIP at one of their parades, but it hasn't happened yet."
  209. ^ Betsy Sholl, Poets & Writers, updated April 28, 2014. Accessed July 22, 2020. "Born in: Lakewood; Raised in: Brick Town, NJ"
  210. ^ Staff. "Arthur Siegel, Song Composer And Pianist, 70", The New York Times, September 17, 1994. Accessed August 5, 2013. "Mr. Siegel, whose career in show business spanned nearly five decades, was born in Lakewood, N.J., on Dec. 31, 1923, and grew up in Asbury Park, N.J. He came to New York City in the 1930s and studied at the Juilliard School and the American Academy of Dramatic Arts, where he met the entertainer Eddie Cantor's daughter and got his first big break as Cantor's accompanist."
  211. ^ Lowe, Herbert. "A Game Of Musical Chairs When A Senator Died This Summer, An Assembly Candidate Replaced Him In The State Senate.", The Philadelphia Inquirer, October 26, 1993. Accessed February 10, 2011. "Republican Robert W. Singer, a former mayor of Lakewood Township, is seeking his first term as state senator. Singer, 45, was serving his third two-year term in the Assembly until moving over to the Senate on October 14 to succeed John Dimon, who died in September."
  212. ^ The Nuggets interviews: J.R. Smith, The Denver Post, February 11, 2007. "J.R. Smith had his parents and a big family growing up, which helped get him through the mean streets of Lakewood, N.J."
  213. ^ Biography, LewSoloff.com. Accessed September 5, 2011. "Born in Brooklyn, on February 20, 1944, Soloff was raised in Lakewood, New Jersey and started studying piano at an early age."
  214. ^ Dershowitz, Yitzchok. The legacy of Maran Rav Aharon Kotler, p. 442. Feldheim Publishers, 2005. ISBN 1-58330-875-X. Accessed February 10, 2011. "Footnote 113: Yet, Rebbetzin Taplin, the wife of Rav Yisroel Taplin of Lakewood..."
  215. ^ Gros, Michael. "The Teshuvah Journey: Making Up For Lost Time" Archived 2011-07-13 at the Wayback Machine, The Jewish Press. August 19, 2010. Accessed February 10, 2011. "Penina grew up in a turbulent, loosely affiliated Jewish home in Lakewood, New Jersey."
  216. ^ Staff. "Steve Tisch", Los Angeles Times. Accessed February 9, 2011. "Born in Lakewood, N.J., Tisch graduated from Tufts University and began his entertainment career as Peter Guber's assistant at Columbia Pictures."
  217. ^ Staff. "Harry L. Towe, 92, A Former Congressman", The New York Times, February 10, 1991. Accessed November 19, 2017. "Harry Lancaster Towe, a former Congressman and deputy attorney general of New Jersey, died on Friday at his home in Lakewood, N.J. He was 92 years old."
  218. ^ "From the Money Store to making movies: How a Lakewood native got to Hollywood". Asbury Park Press. Retrieved July 27, 2018.
  219. ^ "The Story of Jake Turx - From Borough Park to the White House | Meaningful People", The Lakewood Scoop, March 30, 2022. "Turx resides in Washington, DC during the week; his family lives in Lakewood, NJ."
  220. ^ Staff. "Col. Charles Waterhouse of Ocean County has spent a lifetime painting the faces of those who fight our wars.", Asbury Park Press, December 16, 2006. Accessed February 9, 2011. "Waterhouse, a Perth Amboy native who now lives in Lakewood with his wife, spoke from the museum at 17 Washington St. in Toms River."
  221. ^ Vecsey, George. "Sport Of The Times; Building Toward the Days of October", The New York Times, May 29, 1988. Accessed August 20, 2012. "Shortly after his classic time at bat in the sixth game of the 1986 World Series, Wilson and his wife, Rosa, started an educational center for girls, Mookie's Roses, near their home in Lakewood, N.J."
  222. ^ Nahshoni, Kobi. "Bnei Brak gets twin sister; Ultra-Orthodox city in central Israel signs Twin City Alliance with Lakewood, New Jersey, which has large haredi community", Ynetnews, May 31, 2011. Accessed March 24, 2016. "The ultra-Orthodox central city of Bnei Brak has found a twin sister overseas – Lakewood, New Jersey, which also has a very large haredi community."
Sources
  • Axel-Lute, Paul. Lakewood-in-the-Pines: A History of Lakewood, New Jersey, self-published, 1986 (South Orange, NJ)
External links

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