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Kan Takahama

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Kan Takahama
高浜 寛
FIBD2020KanTakahama 01.jpg
Kan Takahama at Angoulême Festival 2020
Born (1977-04-06) April 6, 1977 (age 45)
Amakusa, Japan
NationalityJapanese
OccupationManga artist
Notable work
Awards

Kan Takahama (Japanese: 高浜 寛, Hepburn: Takahama Kan, born April 6, 1977) is a Japanese manga artist born in Amakusa, Kumamoto Prefecture. Debuting in 2001, she became known for her short stories published in the alternative magazine Garo, later collected and republished in her award-winning Kinderbook. Her unique style often depicts the darker sides of everyday life through simplistic character designs and illustrations that blend manga and Franco-Belgian comics. She is internationally known for the manga Nyx no Lantern, winner of the 24th Osamu Tezuka Cultural Award in 2020.[1]

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Japanese language

Japanese language

Japanese is spoken natively by about 128 million people, primarily by Japanese people and primarily in Japan, the only country where it is the national language. Japanese belongs to the Japonic or Japanese-Ryukyuan language family. There have been many attempts to group the Japonic languages with other families such as the Ainu, Austroasiatic, Koreanic, and the now-discredited Altaic, but none of these proposals has gained widespread acceptance.

Hepburn romanization

Hepburn romanization

Hepburn romanization is the most widely used system of romanization for the Japanese language. Originally published in 1867 by American missionary James Curtis Hepburn as the standard in the first edition of his Japanese–English dictionary, the system is distinct from other romanization methods in its use of English orthography to phonetically transcribe sounds: for example, the syllable [ɕi] is written as shi and [tɕa] is written as cha, reflecting their spellings in English.

Manga

Manga

Manga are comics or graphic novels originating from Japan. Most manga conform to a style developed in Japan in the late 19th century, and the form has a long prehistory in earlier Japanese art. The term manga is used in Japan to refer to both comics and cartooning. Outside of Japan, the word is typically used to refer to comics originally published in the country.

Manga artist

Manga artist

A manga artist or mangaka (漫画家) is a comic artist who writes and/or illustrates manga. As of 2006, about 3000 professional manga artists were working in Japan.

Amakusa

Amakusa

Amakusa (天草), which means "Heaven's Grass," is a series of islands off the west coast of Kyushu, the southernmost of the four main islands of Japan.

Kumamoto Prefecture

Kumamoto Prefecture

Kumamoto Prefecture is a prefecture of Japan located on the island of Kyūshū. Kumamoto Prefecture has a population of 1,748,134 and has a geographic area of 7,409 square kilometres (2,861 sq mi). Kumamoto Prefecture borders Fukuoka Prefecture to the north, Ōita Prefecture to the northeast, Miyazaki Prefecture to the southeast, and Kagoshima Prefecture to the south.

Garo (magazine)

Garo (magazine)

Garo (ガロ) was a monthly manga anthology magazine in Japan, founded in 1964 by Katsuichi Nagai. It specialized in alternative and avant-garde manga until 2002.

Monokuro Kinderbook

Monokuro Kinderbook

Monokuro Kinderbook is a one-shot Japanese manga written by Kan Takahama and published by Seirindo. The manga consists of an anthology of unrelated stories on the darker side of life. The manga is licensed for an English-language release in North America by Ponent Mon and a French-language release in France by Casterman.

Tezuka Osamu Cultural Prize

Tezuka Osamu Cultural Prize

Named after Osamu Tezuka, the Tezuka Osamu Cultural Prize is a yearly manga prize awarded to manga artists or their works that follow the Osamu Tezuka manga approach founded and sponsored by Asahi Shimbun. The prize has been awarded since 1997, in Tokyo, Japan.

Biography

Early life and education

Kan Takahama was born on April 6, 1977, in the city of Amakusa, in the Kumamoto Prefecture.[2] She studied contemporary art at the University of Tsukuba.[3] Despite her interests in art, Takahama did not intend to create manga and instead, this hobby came to her through daily experiences where she found herself wanting to capture landscapes and discussions between people she cycled past and observed while working as a secretary at the National Institute for Environmental Studies. She found that drawing these discussions in comic book panels felt the best way to depict these interactions.[3][4]

Career

Takahama's first opportunity with a publishing company came by surprise, while playfully drawing manga on scrap paper and drinking with friends one evening one friend of hers decided that she liked Takahama's short story so much that she asked for it to be redrawn on a proper piece of paper, she then sent it off to the publishing company Kodansha.[3][5] Takahama was contacted soon after, being offered a job working with the company, she previously had never considered becoming a mangaka.[5] While her time at the company was brief she produced a few essays that appeared on the website of Morning magazine also receiving the Manga Open Excellence prize on this occasion.[4]

After her short time at Kodansha, Takahama participated in a contest organised by the monthly magazine Garo and she took the third prize for her story "Woman who survive". The story was published in the January 2001 edition of the magazine.[6] The same year Takahama also received a 1st grand prize of excellence from Garo for a piece titled Binari Sun.[7] She continued to publish regularly in Garo through 2001 and 2002 and these short stories were collected in the Yellowbacks volume, which was published in Japan by Seirindô in February 2002. They were later published in France, Spain and the USA as Kinderbook.[8] Garo magazine stopped publishing after Takahama had been working there for two years. She failed to gain the rights to her published manga and she has never been paid for her work with them.[9]

While working at Garo several readers told Takahama that her style was similar to that of French comics, she disagreed at first until the president of Garo at the time suggested her works specifically resembled the works of Frédéric Boilet. After purchasing one of his works titled Yukiko's Spinach she discovered the similarities between her work and his, specifically the focus on capturing daily life.[4] Takahama researched Boilet further and came across his proposal for the Nouvelle manga movement which sought to combine mature manga stories with the art style of Franco-Belgian comics.[10] His ideas led her to reach out to him believing she could bring something to his project. After working together to produce the story 'Mariko Parade', the two met at the Angoulême International Comics Festival in 2002, in search of a publisher where the major publisher Casterman took interest.[8][11] After this collaboration, Takahama published her first story in French for the magazine Bang!, titled Bons Baisers d'Angoulême. The story was a good-humoured account of her visit to the Angoulême festival.[6] Soon after she released the story Awabi in Japan, in 2004.

Takahama continued to work with Casterman for a few years. Her next manga titled Nagi Watari - Oyobi Sono Hoka no Tanpen was published in 2006 in Japan, although it was later released in France in 2009 as part of a collection titled L'Eau amère (translated to Bitter Water) that included her previously released story, Awabi. Starting in 2004 Casterman had also commissioned Takahama and two other mangakas to produce a new project titled Two Espressos. The project was met with issues, the two other mangakas withdrew halfway through production leaving Takahama to work alone, she was further delayed by family issues leading to the eventual release of this story after five years in 2010.[5]

In the following years, Takahama worked on several mangas the first of which was Sad Girl, (produced as part of a Casterman collection in 2012).Yotsuya-ku Hanazono-chō, was her next piece. At the time Takahama worked part-time at an eel shop which meant for the first time she drew her illustrations digitally instead of in pen to save time.[3] This work was published by Takeshobō in 2013. She went on to produce Chou no Michiyuki (translated to Flight of the Butterflies), released in 2014 and given praise from the well respected mangaka, Jirō Taniguchi.[12]

In 2016, Takahama began to publish the first in what is her current longest and most complex series of manga, titled Nyx no Lantern. The series finished in 2019 and consisted of 6 volumes. The story focused on a young orphan gifted with clairvoyance set between Japan and France during the years of the Paris Universal Exposition of 1878. The series was well received and won the 2018 excellence award at the Japan Media Arts Festival, as well as the 24th Tezuka Osamu Cultural Prize in 2020.[7][13][14]

Personal life

Takahama has spoken about her struggles with alcohol early into her career as a mangaka due to her sudden fame and attention from the media, staying up late to be part of international interviews and answering the same questions constantly. She described alcohol as the only way she could get through this process. She has since recovered and currently lives up in the mountains in Amakusa with her husband, drawing and producing manga.[11]

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Amakusa

Amakusa

Amakusa (天草), which means "Heaven's Grass," is a series of islands off the west coast of Kyushu, the southernmost of the four main islands of Japan.

Kumamoto Prefecture

Kumamoto Prefecture

Kumamoto Prefecture is a prefecture of Japan located on the island of Kyūshū. Kumamoto Prefecture has a population of 1,748,134 and has a geographic area of 7,409 square kilometres (2,861 sq mi). Kumamoto Prefecture borders Fukuoka Prefecture to the north, Ōita Prefecture to the northeast, Miyazaki Prefecture to the southeast, and Kagoshima Prefecture to the south.

Contemporary art

Contemporary art

Contemporary art is the art of today, produced in the second half of the 20th century or in the 21st century. Contemporary artists work in a globally influenced, culturally diverse, and technologically advancing world. Their art is a dynamic combination of materials, methods, concepts, and subjects that continue the challenging of boundaries that was already well underway in the 20th century. Diverse and eclectic, contemporary art as a whole is distinguished by the very lack of a uniform, organising principle, ideology, or "-ism". Contemporary art is part of a cultural dialogue that concerns larger contextual frameworks such as personal and cultural identity, family, community, and nationality.

Manga

Manga

Manga are comics or graphic novels originating from Japan. Most manga conform to a style developed in Japan in the late 19th century, and the form has a long prehistory in earlier Japanese art. The term manga is used in Japan to refer to both comics and cartooning. Outside of Japan, the word is typically used to refer to comics originally published in the country.

Kodansha

Kodansha

Kodansha Ltd. is a Japanese privately-held publishing company headquartered in Bunkyō, Tokyo. Kodansha is the largest Japanese publishing company, and it produces the manga magazines Nakayoshi, Afternoon, Evening, Weekly Shōnen Magazine and Bessatsu Shōnen Magazine, as well as the more literary magazines Gunzō, Shūkan Gendai, and the Japanese dictionary Nihongo Daijiten. Kodansha was founded by Seiji Noma in 1910, and members of his family continue as its owners either directly or through the Noma Cultural Foundation.

Garo (magazine)

Garo (magazine)

Garo (ガロ) was a monthly manga anthology magazine in Japan, founded in 1964 by Katsuichi Nagai. It specialized in alternative and avant-garde manga until 2002.

Frédéric Boilet

Frédéric Boilet

Frédéric Boilet is a French cartoonist and a manga artist.

La nouvelle manga

La nouvelle manga

Nouvelle Manga is an artistic movement which gathers French and Japanese comic creators together. The expression was first used by Kiyoshi Kusumi, editor of the Japanese manga magazine Comickers, in referring to the work of French expatriate Frédéric Boilet, who lived in Japan for much of his career but has since returned to France in December 2008. Boilet adopted the term for himself and encouraged other artists to participate.

Angoulême International Comics Festival

Angoulême International Comics Festival

The Angoulême International Comics Festival is the second largest comics festival in Europe after the Lucca Comics & Games in Italy, and the third biggest in the world after Lucca Comics & Games and the Comiket of Japan. It has occurred every year since 1974 in Angoulême, France, in January.

Casterman

Casterman

Casterman is a publisher of Franco-Belgian comics, specializing in comic books and children's literature. The company is based in Brussels, Belgium.

French language

French language

French is a Romance language of the Indo-European family. It descended from the Vulgar Latin of the Roman Empire, as did all Romance languages. French evolved from Gallo-Romance, the Latin spoken in Gaul, and more specifically in Northern Gaul. Its closest relatives are the other langues d'oïl—languages historically spoken in northern France and in southern Belgium, which French (Francien) largely supplanted. French was also influenced by native Celtic languages of Northern Roman Gaul like Gallia Belgica and by the (Germanic) Frankish language of the post-Roman Frankish invaders. Today, owing to France's past overseas expansion, there are numerous French-based creole languages, most notably Haitian Creole. A French-speaking person or nation may be referred to as Francophone in both English and French.

Jiro Taniguchi

Jiro Taniguchi

Jiro Taniguchi was a Japanese manga writer/artist. His works belong to the gekiga, or "dramatic pictures", genre of manga. In France he was knighted a Chevalier of the Ordre des Arts et des Lettres in 2011.

Works

  • Monokuro Kinderbook/Yellowbacks (イエローバックス, Ierōbakkusu), Seirindō, 2002, Yūgaku shorin, 2007 (Kinderbook, Casterman collection “Sakka”, 2004)
  • Mariko Parade (まり子パラード), Ohta Publishing, 2003 (Mariko Parade, Casterman "Scriptures" collection, 2003), with Frédéric Boilet
  • Awabi (泡日), Yūgaku shorin, 2004 (Bitter Water, Casterman collection “Sakka”, 2009)
  • Nagi watari - Oyobi sono hokano tanpen (凪渡り--及びその他の短篇), Kawade shobō shinsha, 2006 (Bitter Water, Casterman collection “Sakka”, 2009)
  • Two Espressos (トゥー・エスプレッソ, Tū esupuresso), Ohta Publishing, 2010 (2 espressos, Casterman "Scriptures" collection, 2010)
  • Sad Girl (サッドガール), Short stories, Leed Publishing, 2015
  • Yotsuya-ku Hanazono-chō (四谷区花園町), Takeshobō, 2013 (Tokyo, love and freedoms, Glénat “Seinen” collection, 2017)
  • Chō no michiyuki (蝶のみちゆき), Leed Publishing, 2014 (The Last Flight of the Butterfly, Glénat collection “Seinen”, 2017)
  • Nyx no Lantern (ニュクスの角灯, Nyukusu no Rantan), Leed Publishing, 2016 (The Nyx lantern, Glénat “Seinen” collection, 2019)

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Awards

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Source: "Kan Takahama", Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, (2022, November 26th), https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kan_Takahama.

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References
  1. ^ "Nyx no Lantern, Sazae-san's Machiko Hasegawa Win Tezuka Osamu Cultural Prizes". Anime News Network. Retrieved March 18, 2022.
  2. ^ "Takahama Kan". Retrieved March 17, 2022.
  3. ^ a b c d "筑波大卒の世界的漫画家はどう生まれたか | プロフェッショナル対談". 東洋経済オンライン (in Japanese). April 1, 2015. Retrieved March 17, 2022.
  4. ^ a b c "Entretien avec TAKAHAMA Kan - Articles". Animeland (in French). Retrieved March 17, 2022.
  5. ^ a b c "Interview - Kan Takahama, 12 August 2010". manga-news.com (in French). Retrieved March 17, 2022.
  6. ^ a b "ABOUT". kantaka (in Japanese). Retrieved March 20, 2022.
  7. ^ a b c d e f "Takahama Kan". Rue de Sèvres (in French). August 22, 2019. Retrieved March 21, 2022.
  8. ^ a b "Kan Takahama". lambiek.net. Retrieved March 20, 2022.
  9. ^ "Takahama Kan". du9, l'autre bande dessinée (in French). Retrieved March 20, 2022.
  10. ^ "Frédéric Boilet - Biography". www.boilet.net. Retrieved March 21, 2022.
  11. ^ a b "アルコール依存を乗り越えてーー漫画家・高浜寛が描く、絶望と再生の物語". Yahoo!ニュース (in Japanese). Retrieved March 21, 2022.
  12. ^ redazione, la (May 5, 2018). "Dynit Manga pubblica "L'ultimo volo della farfalla"". Lo Spazio Bianco (in Italian). Retrieved March 21, 2022.
  13. ^ "L'amant de Marguerite Duras adapté en manga par Kan Takahama". ActuaLitté.com (in French). Retrieved March 21, 2022.
  14. ^ a b "'Nyx's Lantern' wins top manga prize at Tezuka Osamu awards | The Asahi Shimbun: Breaking News, Japan News and Analysis". The Asahi Shimbun. Retrieved March 21, 2022.

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