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Kamila Valieva

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Kamila Valieva
Камила Валиева (26-04-2022).jpg
Valieva in 2022
Personal information
Native nameКамила Валерьевна Валиева (Russian)
Full nameKamila Valeryevna Valieva
Country represented Russia
Born (2006-04-26) 26 April 2006 (age 16)
Kazan, Russia
ResidenceMoscow, Russia
Height1.60 m (5 ft 3 in)
Coach
Former coach
  • Ksenia Ivanova
  • Igor Liutikov
  • Natalia Dubinskaia
  • Stanislav Kovalyov
  • Marina Kudriavtseva
Choreographer
  • Daniil Gleikhengauz
  • Eteri Tutberidze
Skating clubSambo 70 (Khrustalny)
Training locationsMoscow, Russia
Began skating2009
World standing
ISU personal best scores
Combined total272.71 (WR)
2021 Rostelecom Cup
Short program90.45 (WR)
2022 Europeans
Free skate185.29 (WR)
2021 Rostelecom Cup

Kamila Valeryevna Valieva (Russian: Камила Валерьевна Валиева; born 26 April 2006) is a Russian figure skater. She is the 2022 European champion, 2021 Rostelecom Cup champion, 2021 Skate Canada International champion,2021 and 2023 Russian National silver medalist. She is also a provisional 2022 Olympic champion in the team event pending the conclusion of a WADA investigation. During the 2022 Winter Olympics, a sample that Valieva had submitted for a drug test in December tested positive for trimetazidine, which is banned in sports competition for increasing endurance.[2][3] As of mid-February, investigations were ongoing.[4][5][6]

Valieva is the current world record holder for the women's short program, free skating, and total scores. She has set nine world records during her career. She is the first female skater to break the 250-, 260- and 270-point thresholds in the total score (all within one season), the first to break the 170- and 180-point thresholds in the free skate, and the first to break the 90-point threshold in the short program. She is the second woman to land the quadruple toe loop after training partner and teammate Alexandra Trusova, the fourth woman to land a quadruple jump of any kind, the 16th woman to land a triple Axel, and the third woman to land a triple Axel and quadruple jump in the same program after Alysa Liu and training partner and teammate Sofia Akateva. Valieva is also the first female skater to land a quadruple jump in Olympic competition.

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2022 European Figure Skating Championships

2022 European Figure Skating Championships

The 2022 European Figure Skating Championships were held from 10 to 16 January 2022 in Tallinn, Estonia. Medals were awarded in the disciplines of men's singles, women's singles, pairs, and ice dance. The competition determined the entry quotas for each federation at the 2023 European Championships. Russia swept the titles for a second consecutive European Championships and for the eighth time in history.

2021 Rostelecom Cup

2021 Rostelecom Cup

The 2021 Rostelecom Cup was the sixth event in the 2021–22 ISU Grand Prix of Figure Skating, a senior-level international invitational competition series. It was held at the Iceberg Skating Palace in Sochi on November 26–28. Medals were awarded in the disciplines of men's singles, women's singles, pairs, and ice dance. Skaters earned points toward qualifying for the 2021–22 Grand Prix Final.

2021 Skate Canada International

2021 Skate Canada International

The 2021 Skate Canada International was the second event in the 2021–22 ISU Grand Prix of Figure Skating, a senior-level international invitational competition series. It was held at the Doug Mitchell Thunderbird Sports Centre in Vancouver, British Columbia on October 29–31. Medals were awarded in the disciplines of men's singles, women's singles, pairs, and ice dance. Skaters earned points toward qualifying for the 2021–22 Grand Prix Final.

2021 Russian Figure Skating Championships

2021 Russian Figure Skating Championships

The 2021 Russian Figure Skating Championships were held from 23 to 27 December 2020 in Chelyabinsk. Medals were awarded in the disciplines of men's singles, ladies' singles, pair skating, and ice dance. The results were among the criteria used to select the Russian team for the 2021 World Championships.

Figure skating at the 2022 Winter Olympics – Team event

Figure skating at the 2022 Winter Olympics – Team event

The team event in figure skating at the 2022 Winter Olympics was held on 4, 6, and 7 February, at the Capital Indoor Stadium in Haidian District of Beijing.

2022 Winter Olympics

2022 Winter Olympics

The 2022 Winter Olympics (2022年冬季奥林匹克运动会), officially called the XXIV Olympic Winter Games and commonly known as Beijing 2022 (北京2022), was an international winter multi-sport event held from 4 to 20 February 2022 in Beijing, China, and surrounding areas with competition in selected events beginning 2 February 2022. It was the 24th edition of the Winter Olympic Games.

Drug test

Drug test

A drug test is a technical analysis of a biological specimen, for example urine, hair, blood, breath, sweat, or oral fluid/saliva—to determine the presence or absence of specified parent drugs or their metabolites. Major applications of drug testing include detection of the presence of performance enhancing steroids in sport, employers and parole/probation officers screening for drugs prohibited by law and police officers testing for the presence and concentration of alcohol (ethanol) in the blood commonly referred to as BAC. BAC tests are typically administered via a breathalyzer while urinalysis is used for the vast majority of drug testing in sports and the workplace. Numerous other methods with varying degrees of accuracy, sensitivity, and detection periods exist.

Free skating

Free skating

The free skating segment of figure skating, also called the free skate and the long program, is the second of two segments of competitions, skated after the short program. Its duration, across all disciplines, is four minutes for senior skaters and teams, and three and one-half minutes for junior skaters and teams. Vocal music with lyrics is allowed for all disciplines since the 2014—2015 season. The free skating program, across all disciplines, must be well-balanced and include certain elements described and published by the International Skating Union (ISU).

List of highest scores in figure skating

List of highest scores in figure skating

The following list of highest scores in figure skating contains the highest scores earned from the 2018–19 season onwards, under the ISU Judging System (IJS). The 2018–19 season began on 1 July 2018.

Alexandra Trusova

Alexandra Trusova

Alexandra "Sasha" Vyacheslavovna Trusova is a Russian figure skater. She is the 2022 Olympic silver medalist, the 2021 World bronze medalist, a two-time European bronze medalist, the 2019 Grand Prix Final bronze medalist, the 2021 Skate America champion, the 2019 Skate Canada champion, the 2019 Rostelecom Cup champion, the 2021 U.S. Classic champion, the 2019 CS Ondrej Nepela Memorial champion, the 2022 Russian national champion, a two-time Junior World Champion, the 2018 Junior Grand Prix Final champion, the 2019 Junior Grand Prix Final silver medalist, a four-time champion on the Junior Grand Prix series, and a two-time Russian Junior national champion.

Axel jump

Axel jump

The Axel jump or Axel Paulsen jump, named after its inventor, Norwegian figure skater Axel Paulsen, is an edge jump performed in figure skating. It is the sport's oldest and most difficult jump, and the only basic jump in competition with a forward take-off, which makes it the easiest to identify. A double or triple Axel is required in both the short program and the free skating segment for junior and senior single skaters in all events sanctioned by the International Skating Union (ISU).

Alysa Liu

Alysa Liu

Alysa Liu is a retired American competitive figure skater. Liu is the youngest-ever U.S. women's national champion, having won her first title at age 13. She is also the youngest to win two senior national titles at age 14. Liu is the first to win two consecutive titles since Ashley Wagner in 2012 and 2013. She is also the first woman to win the junior and senior titles back-to-back since Mirai Nagasu in 2008. She is the 2022 World bronze medalist, the 2021 CS Nebelhorn Trophy champion, the 2021 CS Lombardia Trophy champion, and a two-time U.S. national champion. She competed in the 2022 Winter Olympics, placing seventh.

Personal life

Valieva was born on 26 April 2006 in Kazan, Republic of Tatarstan, Russia. She is of Volga Tatar ethnicity.[7] She has one pet dog, a Pomeranian named Lëva (Lyova),[8] gifted to her in 2019 by fans. Valieva was enrolled in gymnastics, ballet, and figure skating classes at an early age by her mother but was encouraged to focus solely on skating after turning five.[9] She named Nathan Chen as one of the skaters whose technique and ability she admires.[10] Along with her teammate Alexandra Trusova, she prefers to use white Edea skating boots with silver blades in competition.[11]

Valieva and her dog, a Pomeranian named Lëva
Valieva and her dog, a Pomeranian named Lëva

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Kazan

Kazan

Kazan is the largest city and capital of Tatarstan, Russia. The city lies at the confluence of the Volga and the Kazanka rivers, covering an area of 425.3 square kilometres, with a population of over 1.3 million residents, up to roughly 1.6 million residents in the urban agglomeration. Kazan is the fifth-largest city in Russia, and the most populous city on the Volga, as well as the Volga Federal District.

Volga Tatars

Volga Tatars

The Volga Tatars or simply Tatars are a Turkic ethnic group native to the Volga-Ural region of Russia. They are subdivided into various subgroups. Volga Tatars are Russia's second-largest ethnicity after the Russians. They compose 53% of the population of Tatarstan and 25% of the population of Bashkortostan. The Volga Tatars are by far the largest group amongst the Tatars.

Pomeranian dog

Pomeranian dog

The Pomeranian is a breed of dog of the Spitz type that is named for the Pomerania region in north-west Poland and north-east Germany in Central Europe. Classed as a toy dog breed because of its small size, the Pomeranian is descended from larger Spitz-type dogs, specifically the German Spitz. It has been determined by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale to be part of the German Spitz breed; and in many countries, they are known as the Zwergspitz.

Nathan Chen

Nathan Chen

Nathan Chen is an American figure skater. He is the 2022 Olympic champion, a three-time World champion, the 2017 Four Continents champion, a three-time Grand Prix Final champion, a ten-time Grand Prix medalist, and a six-time U.S. national champion (2017–22). At the junior level, Chen is the 2015–16 Junior Grand Prix Final champion, 2013–14 Junior Grand Prix Final bronze medalist, 2014 World Junior bronze medalist, and a six-time Junior Grand Prix medalist. Chen also helped the U.S. Olympic team win the bronze medal in the 2018 team event, and the silver medal in the 2022 team event.

Alexandra Trusova

Alexandra Trusova

Alexandra "Sasha" Vyacheslavovna Trusova is a Russian figure skater. She is the 2022 Olympic silver medalist, the 2021 World bronze medalist, a two-time European bronze medalist, the 2019 Grand Prix Final bronze medalist, the 2021 Skate America champion, the 2019 Skate Canada champion, the 2019 Rostelecom Cup champion, the 2021 U.S. Classic champion, the 2019 CS Ondrej Nepela Memorial champion, the 2022 Russian national champion, a two-time Junior World Champion, the 2018 Junior Grand Prix Final champion, the 2019 Junior Grand Prix Final silver medalist, a four-time champion on the Junior Grand Prix series, and a two-time Russian Junior national champion.

Career

Early career

Valieva began skating in 2009 in RSDUSSHOR in Kazan. Ksenia Ivanova first coached her, followed by Marina Kudriavtseva and Igor Lyutikov, and Natalia Dubinskaya.[12] When she turned six, she moved to Moscow to train at SSHOR Moskvich. In the spring of 2018, Valieva switched skating clubs to Sambo-70, where Eteri Tutberidze decided to allow Valieva to join her group.[9]

In the 2018–19 season, before her international debut, recordings of Valieva's short program, set to Spiegel im Spiegel by Arvo Pärt and inspired by Pablo Picasso's painting Girl on a Ball, received worldwide attention. Tutberidze described it as her favorite program of the year.[9] The program also drew the notice of Picasso's granddaughter Diana Widmaier Picasso, who invited Valieva to visit her in Paris.[9] Among other victories that season, she won the Russian Younger Age Championships ahead of training mates Sofia Akatieva and Sofia Samodelkina.[13] It was later announced that Valieva would keep her short program for her international debut in the upcoming season.

2019–2020 season: Junior World champion

Valieva's international debut came in late August 2019 at a Junior Grand Prix competition in Courchevel, France. Ranked third in the short program and first in the free skate, she won the gold medal ahead of Wi Seo-yeong of South Korea and teammate and training partner Maiia Khromykh.[14] At the competition, Valieva became the second female skater ever to land a quadruple toe loop in competition.[15] Her total score at the event was the fourth highest score achieved by a ladies' single skater at the junior level, behind teammates Alexandra Trusova, Anna Shcherbakova, and Alena Kostornaia. Valieva also became the fourth junior lady to score above 200 points under the current GOE (Grade of Execution) system.[16]

One month later, at the 2020 JGP Russia, she placed first in both programs with personal best scores to take the title ahead of compatriots Ksenia Sinitsyna and Viktoria Vasilieva.[17] She attempted two quadruple toe loops in the free skate for the first time, landing one.[18] With two gold medals, she qualified in first place to the 2019–20 Junior Grand Prix Final in Turin, Italy.[19]

Before the 2019–20 Junior Grand Prix Final in December, a minor injury prevented Valieva from training the quadruple toe loop jump. She entered the final as a co-favorite for the title along with Alysa Liu of the United States. After placing fourth in the short program, Valieva delivered a clean free skate to take the title ahead of Liu, who dropped from first place in the short program after under-rotating a triple Axel and both of her quad Lutzes, and training mate Daria Usacheva.[20]

At 13 years old, Valieva was too young to enter the 2020 Russian Championships as a senior in December. In early February, Valieva instead competed at the 2020 Russian Junior Championships, which she won after placing first in both programs ahead of Akatieva and Usacheva.[21] She once again included two quadruple toe loop jumps in her free skate, after recovering from her previous injury, stepping out on one and landing another in combination with a double toe loop.[22] After the competition, she was named to the Russian team for the 2020 World Junior Championships along with teammates Usacheva, who placed third, and Khromykh, who placed fifth; silver medalist Akatieva and fourth-place finisher Sofia Samodelkina were too young to be eligible.[23]

The 2020 World Junior Championships were again seen by many as a showdown between Valieva and Liu, who had recently defended her title at the senior-level 2020 U.S. Championships. Valieva placed first in the short program ahead of Lee Hae-in of South Korea and Usacheva, setting a new personal best. Her score of 74.92 points was the second-highest short program score ever for a junior lady, only behind Kostornaia's short program at the 2018–19 Junior Grand Prix Final.[24] In the free skate, she performed similarly to the Russian Junior Championships, stepping out on her opening quadruple toe loop and landing all other jumps cleanly, including a second quadruple toe loop in combination. She won the title and became the new Junior World Champion, ahead of Usacheva and Liu. Valieva remarked afterward, "there was a little mistake on the toe loop, but basically, I am pleased with my performance."[25]

2020–2021 season

Valieva skating her short program at the 2021 Russian Cup Final

Valieva skated at the 2020 Russian test skates in Moscow, showcasing her new programs for the 2020–21 season. She executed a quad toe combination in her free skate.[26] She competed at the second stage of the Russian Cup. There, she skated cleanly, placing first in the short program but third in the free skate due to several unexpected mistakes. She won the silver medal.[26] She later competed at the fifth stage of the Russian Cup. There, she placed first in the short program, with one step out on a triple Axel attempt. In the free skate, she also placed first, completing two quadruple toe loops (one in combination) and with only one mistake on a triple Lutz. She placed first, winning the gold medal with one of the highest total scores in Russian domestic competition.[27]

Making her senior Russian Championships debut, Valieva placed second in the short program despite falling on her triple Axel.[28] She also placed second in the free skate with two clean quads landed, and, despite an underrotated triple flip, won the silver medal.[29]

Following the national championships, Valieva participated in the 2021 Channel One Trophy, a televised team competition organized in lieu of the canceled European Championships. Selected to the Red Machine team by captain Alina Zagitova, Valieva won both the short program and free skates, helping her team win the trophy.[30][31] At her final event of the season, Valieva participated in the senior Russian Cup Final, winning the short program by a wide margin.[32] In the free skate, she attempted a quadruple Salchow in competition for the first time but fell and made additional errors on both quad toe loop attempts. As a result, she finished third in the segment; however, the strength of her short program score allowed her to win the overall event by 2.04 points over teammate Maiia Khromykh.[33]

2021–2022 season: Beijing Olympics

Valieva made her international senior debut at the 2021 CS Finlandia Trophy. She placed third in the short program after falling on her triple Axel attempt. In her free skate, she landed three quad jumps, recording a world record score of 174.31 points, also setting a new world record for total points (249.24).[34]

Making her senior Grand Prix debut at the 2021 Skate Canada International, Valieva won the short program with a new personal best score of 84.19, 2.95 points ahead of Elizaveta Tuktamysheva in second place. She skated a clean program in the free skate with three quads and only one minor mistake in her triple Axel. Once again, she set a new world record for the women's free skate (180.89) and a total score (265.08).[35] Valieva's second assignment of the season was the 2021 Rostelecom Cup, held this year at Sochi's Iceberg Skating Palace, the host venue for skating events at the 2014 Winter Olympics, instead of in Moscow as usual. In the short program, she scored 87.42 points, breaking Alena Kostornaia's previous world record of 85.45. She went on to raise the world records in the free skate (185.29) and total score (272.71). Valieva's results qualified her to the Grand Prix Final, which was subsequently canceled due to travel and gathering restrictions prompted by the spread of the Omicron variant of SARS-CoV-2 during the COVID-19 pandemic.[36]

On 24 December, Valieva placed first in the short program at the 2022 Russian Championships, nearly 10 points ahead of Shcherbakova in second place. She scored 193.10 for her free skate, with a gold medal-winning score of 283.48 points, nearly 35 points ahead of silver medalist Alexandra Trusova. She remarked afterward, "I did almost my maximum."[37] As national champion, she was guaranteed a berth on the Russian Olympic team.[38] Valieva made her European Championships debut in January 2022 in Tallinn, Estonia. She finished first in the short program with a clean skate and extended her world record score by over three points to become the first woman to break the 90-point barrier.[39] In the free skate, Valieva fell on her triple Axel attempt for the second time in competition this season but skated the rest of her program cleanly to narrowly win the segment over teammates Shcherbakova and Trusova and take the European title.[40] On 20 January, she was officially named to the Russian Olympic team.[41]

Selected as the Russian entry in the women's segments of the Olympic team event, Valieva began the 2022 Winter Olympics with a first-place finish in the short program with a clean triple Axel, scoring near her own world record. Valieva placed four ordinals above American skater Karen Chen, moving the Russian team into first place in the competition at the end of the short program segments.[42] She was chosen for the women's free skate in the team event as well, winning the segment with a program that included two clean quadruple jumps (Salchow and toe loop) and a triple Axel, albeit with a fall on a second quadruple toe loop attempt. Her score was over 30 points clear of second-place finisher Kaori Sakamoto of Japan.[43] Valieva became the first woman to land a quadruple jump at the Olympic Games.[44] The ROC team won the team event, but the medal ceremony was postponed pending an official investigation of filed allegations concerning possible doping, though Valieva was permitted to compete while the investigation is still in progress.

During the short program in the women's singles event at the Winter Olympics on 15 February, Valieva placed first ahead of Russian compatriot Shcherbakova despite faltering during a triple Axel though not falling.[45] During the free skate on 17 February, she stumbled or fell at least four times as she skated to Boléro. She wept as she left the ice and did not earn a place in the top three, finishing in fourth place behind her compatriots Shcherbakova and Trusova, who came first and second, and bronze medalist Sakamoto.[46] All three ROC skaters landed quads in their routines, the only women at the Olympics to do so.[47] In early March 2022, the IOC and ISU banned all figure skaters and officials from Russia and Belarus from attending the World Championships due to Russia's 2022 invasion of Ukraine therefore not allowing Valieva to participate in the competition in France at the end of March.[48]

On 25–27 March, Valieva participated in 2022 Channel One Trophy, a Russian domestic competition. During the short program, she did not perform any triple axle as she always did; instead, she cleanly jumped a double axle and scored 83.63 into first place. During free skating, Valieva cleanly jumped a quadruple toe-loop and scored 173.88 in the second place behind Anna Shcherbakova.

2022–2023 season

Russian and Belarussian athletes remained banned from international events for the 2022–23 figure skating season, so the Russian Figure Skating Federation hosted its own domestic Grand Prix series.[49] Valieva was scheduled for the first Grand Prix event, the Golden Skate of Moscow. In the free skate, she fell on a quadruple toe loop, but she still won the gold medal ahead of Sofia Akateva and Anastasiya Zinina.[50] She then competed at the Grand Prix stage in her hometown, Kazan, and won another gold medal.[51] She then competed at the Russian Championships held in Krasnoyarsk. In the short program, she popped her triple axel and only performed a single axel, causing her to finish in fourth place.[52] She won the free skate with a score of 170.71, but she still finished second overall behind Sofia Akateva.[53]

On 13 January, Valieva was stripped of her gold medal in senior women's singles of the 2022 Russian Figure Skating Championships after testing positive for Trimetazidine, a banned substance, on the second day of the Women's competition.[54] Subsequently, Alexandra Trusova became the gold medalist, with Anna Shcherbakova moving up to silver and Adeliia Petrosian receiving the bronze medal.

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Marina Kudriavtseva

Marina Kudriavtseva

Marina Grigorevna Kudriavtseva is a Soviet figure skating coach and former competitor. She married her coach Viktor Kudriavtsev and has one son named Anton. After her competitive career, she coached skaters Elena Sokolova, Viktoria Volchkova, and Alexander Uspenski among others.

Eteri Tutberidze

Eteri Tutberidze

Eteri Georgievna Tutberidze is a Russian figure skating coach who works mainly with female single skaters. She is head coach at the Sambo 70 skating club in Moscow. She has coached several skaters to success in international competitions, including 2022 Olympic and 2021 World champion Anna Shcherbakova, 2022 Olympic silver medalist and two-time Junior World champion Alexandra Trusova, 2022 Olympic Team champion and 2020 Junior World champion Kamila Valieva, 2020 European Champion Alena Kostornaia, 2018 Olympic and 2019 World champion Alina Zagitova, two-time World champion and two-time 2018 Olympic silver medalist Evgenia Medvedeva, and 2014 Olympic Team champion Yulia Lipnitskaya.

Arvo Pärt

Arvo Pärt

Arvo Pärt is an Estonian composer of contemporary classical music. Since the late 1970s, Pärt has worked in a minimalist style that employs tintinnabuli, a compositional technique he invented. Pärt's music is in part inspired by Gregorian chant. His most performed works include Fratres (1977), Spiegel im Spiegel (1978), and Für Alina (1976). From 2011 to 2018, Pärt was the most performed living composer in the world, and the second most performed in 2019—after John Williams. The Arvo Pärt Centre, in Laulasmaa, was opened to the public in 2018.

Pablo Picasso

Pablo Picasso

Pablo Ruiz Picasso was a Spanish painter, sculptor, printmaker, ceramicist and theatre designer who spent most of his adult life in France. One of the most influential artists of the 20th century, he is known for co-founding the Cubist movement, the invention of constructed sculpture, the co-invention of collage, and for the wide variety of styles that he helped develop and explore. Among his most famous works are the proto-Cubist Les Demoiselles d'Avignon (1907), and the anti-war painting Guernica (1937), a dramatic portrayal of the bombing of Guernica by German and Italian air forces during the Spanish Civil War.

Girl on a Ball

Girl on a Ball

Girl on a Ball or Young Acrobat on a Ball is a 1905 oil on canvas painting by Pablo Picasso, which he produced during his Rose Period. It depicts a group of travelling circus performers during a rehearsal, with a primary focus on two contrasting figures. It has been housed in the collection of the Pushkin Museum in Moscow since 1948.

Diana Widmaier Picasso

Diana Widmaier Picasso

Diana Widmaier Picasso is a French art historian specialized in modern art, living in Paris.

2019–20 Grand Prix of Figure Skating Final

2019–20 Grand Prix of Figure Skating Final

The 2019–20 Grand Prix of Figure Skating Final and ISU Junior Grand Prix Final was held from December 5–8, 2019 at the Torino Palavela in Turin, Italy. The combined event was the culmination of two international series — the Grand Prix of Figure Skating and the Junior Grand Prix. Medals were awarded in the disciplines of men's singles, ladies' singles, pair skating, and ice dance on the senior and junior levels.

2019–20 ISU Junior Grand Prix

2019–20 ISU Junior Grand Prix

The 2019–20 ISU Junior Grand Prix was the 23rd season of a series of junior international competitions organized by the International Skating Union. It was the junior-level complement to the 2019–20 ISU Grand Prix of Figure Skating. Skaters competed for medals in the disciplines of men's singles, ladies' singles, pair skating, and ice dance, as well as for qualifying points. The top six from each discipline qualified for the 2019–20 Junior Grand Prix Final, which was held together with the senior final.

Courchevel

Courchevel

Courchevel is a French Alps ski resort. It is a part of Les Trois Vallées, the largest linked ski areas in the world. Courchevel also refers to the towns of Courchevel 1300, Courchevel 1550, Courchevel 1650 (Moriond), and Courchevel 1850, which are named for their altitudes in metres. On 1 January 2017, Saint-Bon-Tarentaise (1100) merged into the new commune Courchevel. The resort centre of Courchevel is at 1,747 metres. The name Courchevel 1850 was chosen for marketing reasons to compete with rival ski resort Val d'Isère. It is the Jardin Alpin area of Courchevel 1850 rather than the centre which is located at 1,850 metres.

Alexandra Trusova

Alexandra Trusova

Alexandra "Sasha" Vyacheslavovna Trusova is a Russian figure skater. She is the 2022 Olympic silver medalist, the 2021 World bronze medalist, a two-time European bronze medalist, the 2019 Grand Prix Final bronze medalist, the 2021 Skate America champion, the 2019 Skate Canada champion, the 2019 Rostelecom Cup champion, the 2021 U.S. Classic champion, the 2019 CS Ondrej Nepela Memorial champion, the 2022 Russian national champion, a two-time Junior World Champion, the 2018 Junior Grand Prix Final champion, the 2019 Junior Grand Prix Final silver medalist, a four-time champion on the Junior Grand Prix series, and a two-time Russian Junior national champion.

Anna Shcherbakova

Anna Shcherbakova

Anna Stanislavovna Shcherbakova is a Russian figure skater. She is the 2022 Olympic champion, the 2021 World champion, a two-time European silver medalist, the 2019 Grand Prix Final silver medalist, the 2019 Skate America champion, the 2019 Cup of China champion, the 2021 Internationaux de France champion, the 2021 Gran Premio d'Italia champion, the 2019 CS Lombardia Trophy champion, and a three-time Russian national champion (2019–21). In her senior career, she has finished on the podium in every single competition she has entered.

Alena Kostornaia

Alena Kostornaia

Alena Sergeyevna Kostornaia is a Russian figure skater. She is the 2020 European champion, the 2019–20 Grand Prix Final champion, a six-time Grand Prix medalist, and the 2019 CS Finlandia Trophy champion. Competing domestically, she is a three-time Russian senior national medalist. She previously held the world record for the highest senior short program score in women's skating.

Official probe into allegations of doping and misconduct

Ostensibly, allegations concerning misconduct by Valieva began on 25 December 2021, when Valieva submitted a routine urine sample for analysis following her win at the Russian Nationals on 24 December. The normal 20-day testing time for the sample lapsed, apparently due to COVID-19 related backlogs at the testing laboratory; however, the positive doping test results were eventually forwarded for evaluation in February 2022, after the Beijing Olympics had started, and the team event had concluded.[55][56] On 14 November 2022, the Court of Arbitration for Sport (CAS) registered an appeal by the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) about a possible violation of anti-doping rules by Russian figure skater Kamila Valieva.[57]

During Beijing Olympics

The medal ceremony for the team event, in which the ROC won gold, was originally scheduled for 8 February but was delayed over what International Olympic Committee (IOC) spokesperson Mark Adams described as a situation that required "legal consultation" with the International Skating Union (ISU).[58] Several media outlets reported on 9 February that the issue was a positive test by Valieva for the banned substance trimetazidine,[55][56] which was officially confirmed on 11 February.[59] The sample in question was taken by the Russian Anti-Doping Agency (RUSADA) at the 2022 Russian Figure Skating Championships on 25 December 2021. On 8 February 2022, the urine sample tested positive for traces of trimetazidine. The sample was analyzed at the Doping Control Laboratory at Stockholm's Karolinska University Hospital, a World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA)-accredited lab. The test result came one day after the team event concluded.[60][61]

Valieva was given a provisional suspension after her positive result, but was cleared on appeal by RUSADA's independent Disciplinary Anti-Doping Committee (DAC) on 9 February, just a day later.[62] Due to Valieva being a minor at the time and thus classified as a "protected person" under WADA guidelines, RUSADA and the IOC announced on 12 February that they would broaden the scope of their respective investigations to include members of her entourage, such as coaches and team doctors.[63] Following formal appeals lodged by the IOC, the ISU, and WADA to review RUSADA DAC's decision, the Court of Arbitration for Sport (CAS) heard the case on 13 February, ahead of her scheduled appearance in the women's singles event beginning 15 February.[64][65] On 13 February, Valieva's mother testified at the CAS hearing that Valieva took hypoxen for heart "variations".[2] According to an IOC representative, Valieva herself argued at the hearing that the positive test result was "due to contamination with [her] grandad's medicine".[66] On 14 February, the CAS declined to reinstate Valieva's provisional suspension and ruled that she would be allowed to compete in the women's singles event. The CAS decided that preventing her from competing "would cause her irreparable harm in the circumstances" while noting that any medals won by Valieva at the Beijing Olympics would be withheld pending the results of the continuing investigation into her doping violation. The accommodating decision from the court, subject to further and ongoing investigation, was made on three grounds: due to her age, she was a "protected person" per WADA code, subject to different rules than adult athletes; she "did not test positive during the Olympic Games in Beijing"; and "There were serious issues of untimely notification of the results ... which impinged upon the Athlete's ability to establish certain legal requirements for her benefit".[67][68] The IOC announced that the medal ceremony for the team event would not take place until the investigation concluded as there is a concrete decision whether to strip Valieva and the ROC of their medals.

On 15 February, after placing first in the women's short program, Valieva was reported by The New York Times to have also tested positive for two other drugs that are not banned from competition, hypoxen and L-carnitine, from her 25 December urine sample. The combination of these drugs with trimetazidine was described as a "trifecta of substances" which "seem to be aimed at increasing endurance, reducing fatigue and promoting greater efficiency in using oxygen" by Travis Tygart, chief executive of the United States Anti-Doping Agency (USADA). At the time of the doping test, Valieva had declared taking hypoxen and L-carnitine, both of which are used in Russia supposedly to treat heart conditions or enhance athletic performance.[69] According to The New York Times, neither agent is backed by scientific evidence of efficacy in improving cardiovascular function in athletes.[3] To allow for the possibility that Valieva's results may be disqualified following investigation, the IOC asked the ISU to expand the qualifying field for the women's singles free skating by one to 25, contingent upon Valieva being one of the top 24 skaters after the short program.[70]

The president of the IOC, Thomas Bach, supported the request to suspend Valieva from further competition at the Olympics but accepted the CAS decision to allow her to compete due to the rule of law which he states is sacrosanct to preserving the integrity of sports at the Olympics.[71]
The president of the IOC, Thomas Bach, supported the request to suspend Valieva from further competition at the Olympics but accepted the CAS decision to allow her to compete due to the rule of law which he states is sacrosanct to preserving the integrity of sports at the Olympics.[71]

In a press conference, the day after the free skate, IOC president Thomas Bach said he was "very, very disturbed" by the "chilling atmosphere" surrounding Valieva during the free skate as coach Eteri Tutberidze berated her following a mistake-filled performance that dropped her off the podium.[72][73] Bach also insinuated that her coaches likely played a role in her positive test.[74] The Kremlin responded that "harshness of a coach in high-level sport is key for their athletes to achieve victories" and that Tutberidze's athletes were seeing strong results.[75] IOC President Bach later added that, "doping is very rarely done alone with the athletes" and that the "ones who have administered this drug in her body, these are the ones who are guilty."[72][76] WADA also filed an interim brief indicating that Valieva's acknowledgment of taking the two permitted substances, Hypoxen and L-carnitine, could be read as undercutting her testimony that the banned substance, trimetazidine, was ingested by error.[76] When the US team and the Japanese team announced their choices of athletes to compete at the March ISU World Championships in France, the Figure Skating Federation of Russia had not yet indicated their choice of which three women to send to France – which, at the time, Valieva remained eligible to compete – unless a negative outcome for doping was filed against her before the competition began.[77][78][79][80][81] Valieva's eligibility has since been rescinded by the ISU, along with all Russian and Belarusian skaters, due to the ongoing Russian invasion of Ukraine.

After Beijing Olympics

By 9 March 2022, Travis Tygart of the USADA reported that Valieva had not requested that her "B" sample be tested, apparently accepting the results of initial testing and relying on her explanation that the banned substance TMZ belonged to her grandfather and only accidentally contaminated or became mixed into her own use of allowed nutrients and supplements. Tygart further stated that as a minor, Valieva could still be either fully exculpated or given a warning concerning her testing positive, depending on the extent of findings in the ongoing RUSADA investigation of doping. According to Tygart, an adverse finding against her as a first offense could still be assessed as a two-year suspension, which is half of the suspension time which could be assessed for adults.[82] On 17 March, WADA requested that RUSADA complete its report on Valieva and her entourage by 8 August 2022.[83] On 7 June 2022, ISU regulation governing the minimum age for competition at figure skating events was raised from 15 to 17 years of age following the Valieva incident at the Beijing Olympics.[84]

On 8 August, insidethegames wrote that the six-month report originally expected on 8 August would be allowed some extra time because further data was requested by RUSADA in July in order to complete its report stating that: "WADA President Witold Bańka recently told insidethegames that he expects a hearing will be held by RUSADA 'quite soon', and that the organization will 'monitor it'."[85] On 15 September, Christine Brennan writing for USA Today indicated that RUSADA had completed their report and delivered it for evaluation and subsequent scheduling of official hearings concerning the investigation of Valieva's possible misconduct regarding the use of banned substances during competition.[86] Brennan further quoted U.S. Anti-Doping CEO Travis Tygart stating that: “Given it appears that RUSADA's investigation is over and the case is now headed to court, they must have found sufficient evidence of a violation or otherwise the case would be closed, and WADA would be notified of its right to appeal." A disciplinary hearing reviewing the Rusada investigation results is presently planned to take place in late September or early October.[86] A decision by RUSADA was issued in mid-October, which was endorsed by WADA, stated that the details of the Valieva hearing and its scheduled dates would be placed under international guidelines for the protection of minors (Valieva was 15 years old when the positive test results were disclosed) and not to be disclosed publicly.[87] Travis Tygart, the CEO of the U.S. Anti-Doping Agency stated that,

“If she is exonerated, there is nothing to hide and it should be made public... Certainly, keeping the decision and facts secret make a mockery of the whole process, and there is no wonder athletes and the public do not trust the global WADA anti-doping system... Short of this... it’s impossible for athletes or the public to believe what happened at the 2022 Beijing Games was real and not just another fraudulent win by the Russians like so many before, as the evidence has clearly shown.”

Evan Bates and Nathan Chen criticized the lack of transparency in the review of the Valieva case as creating an undue delay for the presentation of the Olympic medals, which were withheld from being awarded at the Olympics until the results of the Valieva case are fully resolved to determine if Russia ought to receive the gold medal.[88][89] Although Russia as a country is currently banned from participating in international skating events due to the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine, Valieva has continued to compete within Russian borders without being hindered by RUSADA as recently as the Russian Grand Prix held in October 2022.[90] In mid-November, WADA requested that CAS take up the review of the Valieva case with an eye towards a 4-year suspension of Valieva, which would exclude her from competition at the next Winter Olympics, and to rescind her first place performance at the previous Beijing Olympics because "the Russian Anti-Doping Agency (RUSADA) did not meet a WADA-imposed Nov. 4 deadline to deliver a verdict on Valieva's case."[91] On 13 January, Valieva was denied her gold medal in Senior Women's singles of the 2022 Russian Figure Skating Championships following a ruling by RUSADA stating that her positive drug test was coincident with the December 2021 competition, while her win for team Russia at the Beijing Olympics in February 2022 was endorsed as valid following her passing drug tests in Beijing; WADA has stated that it will continue to press its request for CAS to review RUSADA's decision concerning the positive drug test.[92]

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COVID-19

COVID-19

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a contagious disease caused by a virus, the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). The first known case was identified in Wuhan, China, in December 2019. The disease quickly spread worldwide, resulting in the COVID-19 pandemic.

Figure skating at the 2022 Winter Olympics – Team event

Figure skating at the 2022 Winter Olympics – Team event

The team event in figure skating at the 2022 Winter Olympics was held on 4, 6, and 7 February, at the Capital Indoor Stadium in Haidian District of Beijing.

International Olympic Committee

International Olympic Committee

The International Olympic Committee is a non-governmental sports organisation based in Lausanne, Switzerland. It is constituted in the form of an association under the Swiss Civil Code. Founded by Pierre de Coubertin and Demetrios Vikelas in 1894, it is the authority responsible for organising the modern Olympic Games.

International Skating Union

International Skating Union

The International Skating Union (ISU) is the international governing body for competitive ice skating disciplines, including figure skating, synchronized skating, speed skating, and short track speed skating. It was founded in Scheveningen, Netherlands, in July 1892, making it one of the oldest international sport federations. The ISU was formed to establish standardized international rules and regulations for the skating disciplines it governs, and to organize international competitions in these disciplines. It is now based in Switzerland.

2022 Russian Figure Skating Championships

2022 Russian Figure Skating Championships

The 2022 Russian Figure Skating Championships were held from 21 to 26 December 2021 in Saint Petersburg. Medals were awarded in the disciplines of men's singles, women's singles, pairs, and ice dance. The results were among the criteria used to select Russia's teams to the 2022 European Championships and 2022 Winter Olympics.

Karolinska University Hospital

Karolinska University Hospital

The Karolinska University Hospital is a teaching hospital affiliated with Karolinska Institutet in Stockholm, Sweden, with two major sites in the municipalities of Solna and Huddinge. The hospital network is the second largest in Sweden, after Sahlgrenska University Hospital.

Court of Arbitration for Sport

Court of Arbitration for Sport

The Court of Arbitration for Sport is an international body established in 1984 to settle disputes related to sport through arbitration. Its headquarters are in Lausanne, Switzerland and its courts are located in New York City, Sydney, and Lausanne. Temporary courts are established in current Olympic host cities.

Figure skating at the 2022 Winter Olympics – Women's singles

Figure skating at the 2022 Winter Olympics – Women's singles

The women's singles competition in figure skating at the 2022 Winter Olympics was held on 15 February and 17 February, at the Capital Indoor Stadium in Haidian District of Beijing. Anna Shcherbakova, representing the Russian Olympic Committee, won the event, and her teammate, Alexandra Trusova, the silver medal. Kaori Sakamoto of Japan won bronze. For all, it was their first individual Olympic medals; Sakamoto had earlier won a medal in the team event.

Carnitine

Carnitine

Carnitine is a quaternary ammonium compound involved in metabolism in most mammals, plants, and some bacteria. In support of energy metabolism, carnitine transports long-chain fatty acids into mitochondria to be oxidized for free energy production, and also participates in removing products of metabolism from cells. Given its key metabolic roles, carnitine is concentrated in tissues like skeletal and cardiac muscle that metabolize fatty acids as an energy source. Generally individuals, including strict vegetarians, synthesize enough L-carnitine in vivo.

2022 World Figure Skating Championships

2022 World Figure Skating Championships

The 2022 World Figure Skating Championships were held in Montpellier, France from March 21–27, 2022. Figure skaters competed for the title of world champion in men's singles, women's singles, pairs, and ice dance. The competition was used to determine the entry quotas for each federation at the 2023 World Championships.

Figure Skating Federation of Russia

Figure Skating Federation of Russia

The Figure Skating Federation of Russia is the national sport governing body for figure skating in Russia. It is recognized as such by Russian Olympic Committee and by the International Skating Union (ISU). No individual membership exists, and its members are in various ice sports associations. It was founded in 1992 as the successor of the Figure Skating Federation of the USSR.

2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine

2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine

On 24 February 2022, Russia invaded Ukraine in a major escalation of the Russo-Ukrainian War, which began in 2014. The invasion has caused tens of thousands of deaths on both sides and has instigated Europe's largest refugee crisis since World War II. About 8 million Ukrainians were displaced within their country by late May, and more than 7.9 million fled the country by 3 January 2023.

Significant technical achievements

On 23 August 2019, at the junior level of the Grand Prix in France, Valieva performed a quadruple toe loop with a positive "GOE", which made her the second woman to perform this jump in the history of figure skating (after Alexandra Trusova) at competitions under the auspices of the International Skating Union.[93][94] On 18 October 2020, a video appeared on the Internet where she performed a triple Axel with complication in training with two hands up.[95][96] On 5 December 2020, she cleanly performed the triple Axel in the short program at the stage of the Russian Cup in Moscow. On 12 February 2021, a video appeared on the Internet where Valieva performed a quadruple Salchow in training with two hands up.[97] In 2022, Valieva became the first woman to land a quadruple jump at the Olympic Games.[98]

Awards

In February 2022, after the end of the Olympics, she received the Order of Friendship from President Vladimir Putin.[99]

On 18 March 2022 in Kazan, Tatarstan President Rustam Minnikhanov met and awarded her a “Duslyk” order and a medal of “100 years of the Establishment of TASSR” to her mother, Alsu Valieva.

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Order of Friendship

Order of Friendship

The Order of Friendship is a state decoration of the Russian Federation established by Boris Yeltsin by presidential decree 442 of 2 March 1994 to reward Russian and foreign nationals whose work, deeds and efforts have been aimed at the betterment of relations with the Russian Federation and its people. The design of order was created by Alexander Zhuk. Its statute was later amended by presidential decree 19 of 6 January 1999, presidential decree 1999 of 7 September 2010, presidential decree 1631 of 16 December 2011, and presidential decree 308 of 16 March 2012. It can trace its lineage to the Soviet Order of Friendship of Peoples, also designed by Alexander Zhuk.

President of Russia

President of Russia

The president of the Russian Federation is the head of state of Russia. The president leads the executive branch of the federal government of Russia and is the commander-in-chief of the Russian Armed Forces. It is the highest office in Russia.

Vladimir Putin

Vladimir Putin

Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin is a Russian politician and former intelligence officer who holds the office of president of Russia. Putin has served continuously as president or prime minister since 1999: as prime minister from 1999 to 2000 and from 2008 to 2012, and as president from 2000 to 2008 and since 2012.

Rustam Minnikhanov

Rustam Minnikhanov

Rustam Nurgaliyevich Minnikhanov is a Russian politician who has served as the second President of Tatarstan, a federal subject of Russia, since 2010.

Programs

Valieva at the 2018 Rostelecom Cup gala
Valieva at the 2018 Rostelecom Cup gala
Valieva at the 2019–2020 ISU Junior Grand Prix Final medal ceremony
Valieva at the 2019–2020 ISU Junior Grand Prix Final medal ceremony
Season Short program Free skating Exhibition
2022–2023
[100]

Wednesday

2021–2022
[101]
2020–2021
[102]
2019–2020
[103]

Girl on a Ball

2018–2019

Girl on a Ball

Girl on a Ball

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2018 Rostelecom Cup

2018 Rostelecom Cup

The 2018 Rostelecom Cup was the fifth event of six in the 2018–19 ISU Grand Prix of Figure Skating, a senior-level international invitational competition series. It was held on November 16–18, 2018 in Moscow, Russia. Medals were awarded in the disciplines of men's singles, ladies' singles, pair skating, and ice dancing. Skaters earned points toward qualifying for the 2018–19 Grand Prix Final.

Free skating

Free skating

The free skating segment of figure skating, also called the free skate and the long program, is the second of two segments of competitions, skated after the short program. Its duration, across all disciplines, is four minutes for senior skaters and teams, and three and one-half minutes for junior skaters and teams. Vocal music with lyrics is allowed for all disciplines since the 2014—2015 season. The free skating program, across all disciplines, must be well-balanced and include certain elements described and published by the International Skating Union (ISU).

Hans Zimmer

Hans Zimmer

Hans Florian Zimmer is a German film score composer and music producer. He has won two Oscars and four Grammys, and has been nominated for two Emmys and a Tony. Zimmer was also named on the list of Top 100 Living Geniuses, published by The Daily Telegraph.

Interstellar (film)

Interstellar (film)

Interstellar is a 2014 epic science fiction film co-written, directed, and produced by Christopher Nolan. It stars Matthew McConaughey, Anne Hathaway, Jessica Chastain, Bill Irwin, Ellen Burstyn, Matt Damon, and Michael Caine. Set in a dystopian future where humanity is struggling to survive, the film follows a group of astronauts who travel through a wormhole near Saturn in search of a new home for mankind.

Daniil Gleikhengauz

Daniil Gleikhengauz

Daniil Markovich Gleikhengauz is a Russian former ice dancer and single skater. In single skating, he is the 2007 Russian junior national bronze medalist and competed at the 2007 World Junior Championships, placing 19th. He was coached by Viktor Kudriavtsev.

Ludovico Einaudi

Ludovico Einaudi

Ludovico Maria Enrico Einaudi OMRI is an Italian pianist and composer. Trained at the Conservatorio Verdi in Milan, Einaudi began his career as a classical composer, later incorporating other styles and genres such as pop, rock, folk, and world music.

Philip Glass

Philip Glass

Philip Glass is an American composer and pianist. He is widely regarded as one of the most influential composers of the late 20th century. Glass's work has been associated with minimalism, being built up from repetitive phrases and shifting layers. Glass describes himself as a composer of "music with repetitive structures", which he has helped evolve stylistically.

Danny Elfman

Danny Elfman

Daniel Robert Elfman is an American film composer, singer and songwriter. He came to prominence as the singer-songwriter for the new wave band Oingo Boingo in the early 1980s. Since scoring his first studio film in 1985, Elfman has garnered international recognition for composing over 100 feature film scores, as well as compositions for television, stage productions, and the concert hall.

Psychedelic Jungle

Psychedelic Jungle

Psychedelic Jungle is the second album by the American rock band the Cramps. It was released in May 1981 on I.R.S. Records. It was engineered by Paul McKenna and recorded in January 1981 at A&M Studios. It was self-produced by the Cramps. The photo on the back cover of the album was taken by the noted photographer and director Anton Corbijn.

Lady Gaga

Lady Gaga

Stefani Joanne Angelina Germanotta, known professionally as Lady Gaga, is an American singer, songwriter, and actress. She is known for her image reinventions and musical versatility. Gaga began performing as a teenager, singing at open mic nights and acting in school plays. She studied at Collaborative Arts Project 21, through the New York University Tisch School of the Arts, before dropping out to pursue a career in music. After Def Jam Recordings canceled her contract, she worked as a songwriter for Sony/ATV Music Publishing, where she signed a joint deal with Interscope Records and KonLive Distribution, in 2007. Gaga had her breakthrough the following year with her debut studio album, The Fame, and its chart-topping singles "Just Dance" and "Poker Face". The album was later reissued to include the extended play The Fame Monster (2009), which yielded the successful singles "Bad Romance", "Telephone", and "Alejandro".

Boléro

Boléro

Boléro is a 1928 work for large orchestra by French composer Maurice Ravel. At least one observer has called it Ravel's most famous composition. It was also one of his last completed works before illness forced him into retirement.

Maurice Ravel

Maurice Ravel

Joseph Maurice Ravel was a French composer, pianist and conductor. He is often associated with Impressionism along with his elder contemporary Claude Debussy, although both composers rejected the term. In the 1920s and 1930s Ravel was internationally regarded as France's greatest living composer.

World records and achievements

Senior world record scores

Valieva has set eight world record scores.

Women's combined total records
Date Score Event Note
27 November 2021 272.71 2021 Rostelecom Cup Current world record. Valieva became the first woman to break the 270-point barrier for the total score.
30 October 2021 265.08 2021 Skate Canada Valieva became the first woman to break the 250 and 260-point barriers for the total score.
10 October 2021 249.24 2021 CS Finlandia Trophy She broke the previous record held by Alena Kostornaia by about 2 points.
Women's short program
Date Score Event Note
13 January 2022 90.45 2022 Europeans Current world record. Broke her own record set at the 2021 Rostelecom Cup by over three points.
26 November 2021 87.42 2021 Rostelecom Cup Broke the previous record held by Alena Kostornaia by about 2 points.
Women's free skating records
Date Score Event Note
27 November 2021 185.29 2021 Rostelecom Cup Current world record.
29 October 2021 180.89 2021 Skate Canada Valieva became the first woman to surpass the 180-point barrier in the free skate.
10 October 2021 174.31 2021 CS Finlandia Trophy She broke the previous record held by Alexandra Trusova by about 8 points and became the first woman to surpass the 170-point barrier in the free skate.

Junior world record scores

Valieva has set two junior world record scores under the +5 / -5 GOE (Grade of Execution) system.

Junior ladies' combined total records
Date Score Event Note
7 March 2020 227.30 2020 World Junior Championships Broken by Sofia Akateva on 18 September 2021.
Junior ladies' free skating records
Date Score Event Note
7 March 2020 152.38 2020 World Junior Championships Broken by Sofia Akateva on 18 September 2021.

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Quad (figure skating)

Quad (figure skating)

A quad, or quadruple, is a figure skating jump with at least four revolutions. All quadruple jumps have four revolutions, except for the quadruple Axel, which has four and a half revolutions. The quadruple toe loop and quadruple Salchow are the two most commonly performed quads. Quadruple jumps have become increasingly common among World and Olympic level men's single skaters, to the point that not performing a quad in a program has come to be seen as a severe handicap. This phenomenon is often referred to as the "quad revolution". Since 2018, quadruple jumps have also become an increasingly common feature of women's skating, although they are not allowed under the ISU rules in the ladies' short program. The first person to land a ratified quadruple jump in competition was Canadian Kurt Browning in 1988. Japanese Miki Ando became the first female skater to do so, in 2002.

ISU Junior Grand Prix in France

ISU Junior Grand Prix in France

The ISU Junior Grand Prix in France is an international figure skating competition. Sanctioned by the International Skating Union, it is held in the autumn in some years as part of the JGP series. Medals may be awarded in the disciplines of men's singles, ladies' singles, pair skating, and ice dancing.

List of highest junior scores in figure skating

List of highest junior scores in figure skating

The following list of highest junior scores in figure skating contains the highest junior scores earned from the 2018–2019 season onwards, under the ISU Judging System (IJS). The 2018–2019 season began on 1 July 2018.

2020 World Junior Figure Skating Championships

2020 World Junior Figure Skating Championships

The 2020 World Junior Figure Skating Championships were held in Tallinn, Estonia on March 2–8, 2020. Figure skaters competed for the title of junior world champion in men's singles, ladies' singles, pairs, and ice dance. The competition determined the entry quotas for each federation during the 2020–21 ISU Junior Grand Prix series and at the 2021 World Junior Championships.

2022 European Championships

2022 European Championships

The 2022 European Championships were the second edition of the European Championships. It was a multi-sport event which took place in Munich, Germany from 11 to 21 August 2022. The tournament began three days after the conclusion of the 2022 Commonwealth Games.

Olympic Games

Olympic Games

The modern Olympic Games or Olympics are the leading international sporting events featuring summer and winter sports competitions in which thousands of athletes from around the world participate in a variety of competitions. The Olympic Games are considered the world's foremost sports competition with more than 200 teams, representing sovereign states and territories, participating. The Olympic Games are normally held every four years, and since 1994, have alternated between the Summer and Winter Olympics every two years during the four-year period.

Figure skating at the 2022 Winter Olympics – Team event

Figure skating at the 2022 Winter Olympics – Team event

The team event in figure skating at the 2022 Winter Olympics was held on 4, 6, and 7 February, at the Capital Indoor Stadium in Haidian District of Beijing.

2021 Rostelecom Cup

2021 Rostelecom Cup

The 2021 Rostelecom Cup was the sixth event in the 2021–22 ISU Grand Prix of Figure Skating, a senior-level international invitational competition series. It was held at the Iceberg Skating Palace in Sochi on November 26–28. Medals were awarded in the disciplines of men's singles, women's singles, pairs, and ice dance. Skaters earned points toward qualifying for the 2021–22 Grand Prix Final.

2021 Skate Canada International

2021 Skate Canada International

The 2021 Skate Canada International was the second event in the 2021–22 ISU Grand Prix of Figure Skating, a senior-level international invitational competition series. It was held at the Doug Mitchell Thunderbird Sports Centre in Vancouver, British Columbia on October 29–31. Medals were awarded in the disciplines of men's singles, women's singles, pairs, and ice dance. Skaters earned points toward qualifying for the 2021–22 Grand Prix Final.

2021 CS Finlandia Trophy

2021 CS Finlandia Trophy

The 2021 CS Finlandia Trophy was held on October 7–10, 2021 in Espoo, Finland. It was part of the 2021–22 ISU Challenger Series. Medals were awarded in the disciplines of men's singles, women's singles, pairs, and ice dance.

Alena Kostornaia

Alena Kostornaia

Alena Sergeyevna Kostornaia is a Russian figure skater. She is the 2020 European champion, the 2019–20 Grand Prix Final champion, a six-time Grand Prix medalist, and the 2019 CS Finlandia Trophy champion. Competing domestically, she is a three-time Russian senior national medalist. She previously held the world record for the highest senior short program score in women's skating.

2022 European Figure Skating Championships

2022 European Figure Skating Championships

The 2022 European Figure Skating Championships were held from 10 to 16 January 2022 in Tallinn, Estonia. Medals were awarded in the disciplines of men's singles, women's singles, pairs, and ice dance. The competition determined the entry quotas for each federation at the 2023 European Championships. Russia swept the titles for a second consecutive European Championships and for the eighth time in history.

Competitive highlights

GP: Grand Prix; JGP: Junior Grand Prix

International[108]
Event 19–20 20–21 21–22 22–23
Olympics 4th
Europeans 1st
GP Final C
GP Rostelecom 1st
GP Skate Canada 1st
CS Finlandia 1st
International: Junior[109]
Junior Worlds 1st
JGP Final 1st
JGP France 1st
JGP Russia 1st
National[109]
Russian Champ. 2nd DSQ 2nd
Russian Junior Champ. 1st
Russian Cup Final 1st
GPR Golden Skate 1st
GPR Idel 1st
Team events
Olympics 1st T
1st P
Channel One Trophy 1st T
1st P
2nd T
2nd P
TBD = Assigned; C = Event cancelled;
T = Team result; P = Personal result;
DSQ = Disqualified.
Medals awarded for team result only.

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ISU Grand Prix of Figure Skating

ISU Grand Prix of Figure Skating

The ISU Grand Prix of Figure Skating is a series of senior international figure skating competitions organized by the International Skating Union. The invitational series was inaugurated in 1995, incorporating several previously existing events. Medals are awarded in the disciplines of men's singles, ladies' singles, pair skating, and ice dancing. The junior-level equivalent is the ISU Junior Grand Prix.

ISU Junior Grand Prix

ISU Junior Grand Prix

The ISU Junior Grand Prix of Figure Skating is a series of international junior-level competitions organized by the International Skating Union. Medals are awarded in the disciplines of men's singles, ladies' singles, pair skating, and ice dancing. The series was inaugurated in 1997 to complement the senior-level ISU Grand Prix of Figure Skating. Skaters earn qualifying points at each Junior Grand Prix event and the six highest-ranking qualifiers meet at the ISU Junior Grand Prix Final, which is held concurrently with the Grand Prix of Figure Skating Final.

2019–20 figure skating season

2019–20 figure skating season

The 2019–20 figure skating season began on July 1, 2019, and ended on June 30, 2020. During this season, elite skaters competed on the ISU Championship level at the 2020 European, Four Continents, and World Junior Championships; the World Championships were cancelled due to the COVID-19 pandemic. They also competed in elite events such as the Grand Prix series and Junior Grand Prix series, culminating in the Grand Prix Final, and the ISU Challenger Series.

2020–21 figure skating season

2020–21 figure skating season

The 2020–21 figure skating season began on July 1, 2020, and ended on June 30, 2021. During this season, elite skaters competed on the ISU Championship level at the 2021 World Championships. They also competed in elite events such as the Grand Prix series and the ISU Challenger Series.

2021–22 figure skating season

2021–22 figure skating season

The 2021–22 figure skating season began on July 1, 2021 and ended on June 30, 2022. During this season, elite skaters competed on the ISU Championship level at the 2022 European, Four Continents, World Junior, and World Championships, as well as at the 2022 Winter Olympics. They also competed at elite events such as the Grand Prix and Junior Grand Prix series, and the ISU Challenger Series.

2022–23 figure skating season

2022–23 figure skating season

The 2022–23 figure skating season began on July 1, 2022 and will end on June 30, 2023. During this season, elite skaters will compete on the ISU Championship level at the 2023 European, Four Continents, World Junior, and World Championships. They also competed at elite events such as the Grand Prix and Junior Grand Prix series, culminating in the Grand Prix Final, and the ISU Challenger Series.

Figure skating at the Olympic Games

Figure skating at the Olympic Games

Figure skating was first contested in the Olympic Games at the 1908 Summer Olympics. Since 1924, the sport has been a part of the Winter Olympic Games.

European Figure Skating Championships

European Figure Skating Championships

The European Figure Skating Championships is an annual figure skating competition in which figure skaters compete for the title of European champion. Medals are awarded in the disciplines of men's singles, women's singles, pair skating, and ice dance. The event is sanctioned by the International Skating Union (ISU) and is the sport's oldest competition. The first European Championships was held in 1891 in Hamburg, Germany and featured one segment, compulsory figures, with seven competitors, all men from Germany and Austria. It has been, other than five periods, held continuously since 1891, and has been sanctioned by the ISU since 1893. Women were allowed to compete for the first time in 1930, which is also the first time pairs skating was added to the competition. Ice dance was added in 1954. Only eligible skaters from ISU member countries in Europe can compete, and skaters must have reached at least the age of 15 before July 1 preceding the competition. ISU member countries can submit 1-3 skaters to compete in the European Championships.

Grand Prix of Figure Skating Final

Grand Prix of Figure Skating Final

The Grand Prix of Figure Skating Final, often shortened to Grand Prix Final and abbreviated as GPF, is a senior-level international figure skating competition. Medals are awarded in men's singles, ladies' singles, pair skating, and ice dancing. The event is the culmination of the ISU Grand Prix of Figure Skating series; skaters earn points for their placements and the top six from each discipline qualify to the Final.

Finlandia Trophy

Finlandia Trophy

The Finlandia Trophy is a senior-level international figure skating competition. Since 1995, it is held annually in Finland in Greater Helsinki region, including Helsinki, Vantaa, and Espoo. It became part of the ISU Challenger Series in the 2014–15 season. Medals may be awarded in the disciplines of men's singles, ladies' singles, pair skating, ice dancing, and synchronized skating, although not every discipline is included every year.

ISU Junior Grand Prix in France

ISU Junior Grand Prix in France

The ISU Junior Grand Prix in France is an international figure skating competition. Sanctioned by the International Skating Union, it is held in the autumn in some years as part of the JGP series. Medals may be awarded in the disciplines of men's singles, ladies' singles, pair skating, and ice dancing.

ISU Junior Grand Prix in Russia

ISU Junior Grand Prix in Russia

The ISU Junior Grand Prix (JGP) in Russia is an international figure skating competition sanctioned by the International Skating Union. Russia organized the JGP Final for the first time in December 2012, in Sochi, and will host a qualifying event in September 2016 in Saransk. Medals may be awarded in the disciplines of men's singles, ladies' singles, pair skating, and ice dancing.

Detailed results

Senior level

Small medals for short and free programs awarded only at ISU Championships. Personal bests are italicized. Current world record scores are bold and italicized. Previous world records highlighted in bold.

2022–23 season
Date Event SP FS Total Details
20–25 December 2022 2023 Russian Championships
4
76.61
1
170.71
2
247.32
Details
4–6 November 2022 2022 Cup of Russia Series, 3rd Stage
1
83.30
1
158.42
1
241.72
Details
22–23 October 2022 2022 Cup of Russia Series, 1st Stage
1
83.92
2
160.74
1
244.67
Details
2021–22 season
Date Event SP FS Total Details
25–27 March 2022 2022 Channel One Trophy 1
83.63
2
173.88
2T/2P
257.51
15–17 February 2022 2022 Winter Olympics 1
82.16
5
141.93
4
224.09
Details
4–7 February 2022 2022 Winter Olympics – Team event 1
90.18
1
178.92
1T/1P
269.10
Details
13–15 January 2022 2022 European Championships 1
90.45
1
168.61
1
259.06
Details
21–26 December 2021 2022 Russian Championships 1
90.38
DSQ
193.10
DSQ
90.38
Details
26–28 November 2021 2021 Rostelecom Cup 1
87.42
1
185.29
1
272.71
Details
29–31 October 2021 2021 Skate Canada International 1
84.19
1
180.89
1
265.08
Details
7–10 October 2021 2021 CS Finlandia Trophy 3
74.93
1
174.31
1
249.24
Details

Junior level

Small medals for short and free programs awarded only at ISU Championships. Previous junior world record scores highlighted in bold.

2020–21 season
Date Event SP FS Total Details
26 February–2 March 2021 2021 Russian Cup Final
1
88.71
3
149.29
1
238.00
Details
5–7 February 2021 2021 Channel One Trophy 1
90.25
1
179.19
1T/1P
269.44
23–27 December 2020 2021 Russian Championships 2
79.99
2
174.02
2
254.01
Details
5–8 December 2020 2020 Cup of Russia Series, 5th Stage
1
86.20
1
168.66
1
254.8
Details
10–13 October 2020 2020 Cup of Russia Series, 2nd Stage
1
85.10
3
148.60
2
233.70
Details
2019–20 season
Date Event SP FS Total Details
2–8 March 2020 2020 World Junior Championships 1
74.92
1
152.38
1
227.30
Details
4–8 February 2020 2020 Russian Junior Championships 1
78.50
1
159.67
1
238.17
Details
5–8 December 2019 2019–20 JGP Final 4
69.02
1
138.45
1
207.47
Details
11–14 September 2019 2019 JGP Russia 1
73.56
1
148.39
1
221.95
Details
21–24 August 2019 2019 JGP France 3
62.31
1
138.40
1
200.71
Details

Discover more about Detailed results related topics

2022–23 figure skating season

2022–23 figure skating season

The 2022–23 figure skating season began on July 1, 2022 and will end on June 30, 2023. During this season, elite skaters will compete on the ISU Championship level at the 2023 European, Four Continents, World Junior, and World Championships. They also competed at elite events such as the Grand Prix and Junior Grand Prix series, culminating in the Grand Prix Final, and the ISU Challenger Series.

2023 Russian Figure Skating Championships

2023 Russian Figure Skating Championships

The 2023 Russian Figure Skating Championships were held from 20 to 25 December 2022 in Krasnoyarsk. Medals were awarded in the disciplines of men's singles, women's singles, pairs, and ice dance.

2021–22 figure skating season

2021–22 figure skating season

The 2021–22 figure skating season began on July 1, 2021 and ended on June 30, 2022. During this season, elite skaters competed on the ISU Championship level at the 2022 European, Four Continents, World Junior, and World Championships, as well as at the 2022 Winter Olympics. They also competed at elite events such as the Grand Prix and Junior Grand Prix series, and the ISU Challenger Series.

2022 Channel One Trophy

2022 Channel One Trophy

The 2022 Channel One Trophy was a Russian domestic team figure skating competition held from 25 to 27 March 2022 in Saransk. It was held simultaneously with the 2022 World Figure Skating Championships, from which Russian figure skaters were excluded.

Figure skating at the 2022 Winter Olympics – Team event

Figure skating at the 2022 Winter Olympics – Team event

The team event in figure skating at the 2022 Winter Olympics was held on 4, 6, and 7 February, at the Capital Indoor Stadium in Haidian District of Beijing.

2022 European Figure Skating Championships

2022 European Figure Skating Championships

The 2022 European Figure Skating Championships were held from 10 to 16 January 2022 in Tallinn, Estonia. Medals were awarded in the disciplines of men's singles, women's singles, pairs, and ice dance. The competition determined the entry quotas for each federation at the 2023 European Championships. Russia swept the titles for a second consecutive European Championships and for the eighth time in history.

2022 Russian Figure Skating Championships

2022 Russian Figure Skating Championships

The 2022 Russian Figure Skating Championships were held from 21 to 26 December 2021 in Saint Petersburg. Medals were awarded in the disciplines of men's singles, women's singles, pairs, and ice dance. The results were among the criteria used to select Russia's teams to the 2022 European Championships and 2022 Winter Olympics.

2021 Rostelecom Cup

2021 Rostelecom Cup

The 2021 Rostelecom Cup was the sixth event in the 2021–22 ISU Grand Prix of Figure Skating, a senior-level international invitational competition series. It was held at the Iceberg Skating Palace in Sochi on November 26–28. Medals were awarded in the disciplines of men's singles, women's singles, pairs, and ice dance. Skaters earned points toward qualifying for the 2021–22 Grand Prix Final.

2021 Skate Canada International

2021 Skate Canada International

The 2021 Skate Canada International was the second event in the 2021–22 ISU Grand Prix of Figure Skating, a senior-level international invitational competition series. It was held at the Doug Mitchell Thunderbird Sports Centre in Vancouver, British Columbia on October 29–31. Medals were awarded in the disciplines of men's singles, women's singles, pairs, and ice dance. Skaters earned points toward qualifying for the 2021–22 Grand Prix Final.

2021 CS Finlandia Trophy

2021 CS Finlandia Trophy

The 2021 CS Finlandia Trophy was held on October 7–10, 2021 in Espoo, Finland. It was part of the 2021–22 ISU Challenger Series. Medals were awarded in the disciplines of men's singles, women's singles, pairs, and ice dance.

2019–20 Grand Prix of Figure Skating Final

2019–20 Grand Prix of Figure Skating Final

The 2019–20 Grand Prix of Figure Skating Final and ISU Junior Grand Prix Final was held from December 5–8, 2019 at the Torino Palavela in Turin, Italy. The combined event was the culmination of two international series — the Grand Prix of Figure Skating and the Junior Grand Prix. Medals were awarded in the disciplines of men's singles, ladies' singles, pair skating, and ice dance on the senior and junior levels.

2020–21 figure skating season

2020–21 figure skating season

The 2020–21 figure skating season began on July 1, 2020, and ended on June 30, 2021. During this season, elite skaters competed on the ISU Championship level at the 2021 World Championships. They also competed in elite events such as the Grand Prix series and the ISU Challenger Series.

Source: "Kamila Valieva", Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, (2023, January 31st), https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kamila_Valieva.

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External links
World Record Holders
Preceded by Ladies' Free Skating
10 October 2021 –
Succeeded by
Incumbent
Preceded by Ladies' Short Program
26 November 2021 –
Succeeded by
Incumbent
Preceded by Ladies' Total Score
10 October 2021 –
Succeeded by
Incumbent
World Junior Record Holders
Preceded by Ladies' Junior Free Skating
7 March 2020 – 18 September 2021
Succeeded by
Preceded by Ladies' Junior Total Score
7 March 2020 – 18 September 2021
Succeeded by

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