|27th Mayor of Manila|
June 30, 2019 – June 30, 2022
|Vice Mayor||Honey Lacuna|
|Preceded by||Joseph Estrada|
|Succeeded by||Honey Lacuna|
|Undersecretary of Social Welfare and Development for Luzon Affairs and Special Concerns|
May 11, 2018 – October 11, 2018
|Chairman of the Board and Chief Executive Officer of the North Luzon Railways Corporation|
July 1, 2017 – October 27, 2017
|18th Vice Mayor of Manila|
June 30, 2007 – June 30, 2016
|Mayor||Alfredo Lim (2007–2013) |
Joseph Estrada (2013–2016)
|Preceded by||Danny Lacuna|
|Succeeded by||Honey Lacuna|
|Member of the Manila City Council from the 1st district|
June 30, 1998 – June 30, 2007
|President of Aksyon Demokratiko|
|Assumed office |
August 12, 2021
Francisco Moreno Domagoso
October 24, 1974
Tondo, Manila, Philippines
|Political party||Aksyon Demokratiko (2021–present)|
Asenso Manileño (local party; 2005–present)
|Height||5 ft 6 in (168 cm)|
Diana Lynn Ditan
|Children||5, including Joaquin|
|Occupation||Actor (1993–1998, part-time 1998–present) |
|Website||Official campaign website|
Francisco Moreno Domagoso (born October 24, 1974), popularly known by his stage name Isko Moreno or Isko Moreno Domagoso (Tagalog pronunciation: [isˈkɔʔ mɔˈɾɛ.nɔ dɔ.maˈɡɔ.sɔ]), is a Filipino politician and actor who served as the 27th mayor of Manila, the capital city of the Philippines, from 2019 to 2022. Before entering politics, Moreno first gained notability as an actor and television personality.
Moreno was born and raised in the slums of Tondo, Manila, and spent his childhood in poverty. After a modest career in show business, he entered politics in 1998, standing for election as a city councilor of Manila; he elected for three consecutive terms. He then pursued higher education, including some non-degree postgraduate education at Harvard Kennedy School and Oxford Saïd Business School. In 2007, he ran as vice mayor of Manila and was elected for three consecutive terms. In 2016, he was term-limited as vice mayor and unsuccessfully ran for senator in the 2016 senatorial elections, being placed 16th out of 50 candidates. He then served in the cabinet of President Rodrigo Duterte as social welfare undersecretary for a few months in 2018, before successfully standing as mayor of Manila, winning in a landslide victory against his former allies Joseph Estrada and Alfredo Lim in the 2019 local elections becoming the youngest elected mayor of Manila.
Moreno is widely regarded as one of the top-performing local chief executives in the Philippines; he has described his leadership style as akin to that of his predecessor Alfredo Lim, citing their shared commitment to reducing crime and maintaining cleanliness of the capital. Moreno is also noted for his streetwise public image due to his use of colorful language coupled with Manila street slang. As a result, he is colloquially referred to as Yorme.[a] His political career has been met with positive-to-mixed critical reception, gaining praise for his political will, efficiency, hands-on leadership, people skills, non-partisanism on designations, and results-oriented performance, but criticism for his sporadic outspoken remarks, over-the-top populist tendencies, and lack of permanence to a national political party.
Having served in the government for 24 years, Moreno has received recognition for his public service. He is widely credited for "restoring Manila to its former glory within a short period of time", despite disinformation against him by political rivals. He is generally known for his firm implementation of city services, beautification of derelict historical sites, and leading the establishment of city infrastructure. He announced retirement from politics after his mayoral term ended on June 30, 2022.
Discover more about Isko Moreno related topics
Isko Moreno is the only child of Visayan parents Joaquin Copias Domagoso (1930–1995), a stevedore at Manila's North Harbor, from San Jose, Antique, and Rosario Moreno (1946–2020) from Allen, Northern Samar, a housewife-cum-laundrywoman and garlic peeler. Isko's parents were not married when he was born and he has older half-siblings from his father's first family. Born and raised in the slums of Tondo, Manila where he was once nicknamed as "Scott",
Moreno spent his childhood in poverty. At age 10, he earned income from pushing a cart, collecting garbage, and gathering old newspapers and used bottles to resell to a local junk dealer. He also drove a passenger pedicab and rummaged through restaurant garbage bins for leftover food, which his mother would recook for dinner. Moreno attended Rosauro Almario Elementary School and Tondo High School, both public schools in Tondo, Manila. From his savings, Moreno briefly enrolled in maritime engineering at the Philippine Maritime Institute in 1992, for one semester every year, but dropped out when he entered the entertainment business after he was discovered in 1993 by a talent scout who encouraged him to audition for That's Entertainment, a popular teen-variety show, as a way for him to relieve his family's poverty. Moreno subsequently got the part and adopted the screen name "Isko Moreno" using his mother's surname.
Discover more about Early life related topics
in 1993, the 18-year-old Isko Moreno caught the attention of talent scout Wowie Roxas while attending a funeral and was persuaded to join show business due to his matinee idol image and boyish features. His first acting job was an extra n an episode for the RPN 9 teen drama show Young Love, Sweet Love, which was previously hosted by German Moreno. Isko auditioned for the seventh batch and became a part of the Monday group of the daily variety show That's Entertainment, under the screen name Isko Moreno. Moreno's big break came in when he was cast in a minor role in the 1993 romantic movie May Minamahal and became a leading man to Claudine Barretto in Muntik na Kitang Minahal a year later. He then starred in a variety of films and television shows in genres including drama, romance, action, and comedy.
Moreno later became known for his mature roles and modeling during his short career in the "ST/titillating films" (erotic films) genre that was popular in the country during the 1990s and appeared in movies Siya'y Nagdadalaga, Exploitation, Mga Babae sa Isla Azul and Misteryosa.
In 2004, Moreno made a cameo appearance on his life story featured on Maalaala Mo Kaya, the episode was called "Aklat", where he was portrayed by Danilo Barrios. In 2005, during his third term as a councilor of Manila, he returned to acting, portraying a kind-hearted priest in the television drama series Mga Anghel na Walang Langit. He also had a brief appearance in 2007 in the television drama series Bakekang. The following year, during his first term as vice mayor, Moreno had a supporting role in the afternoon soap opera Ligaw na Bulaklak.
In 2014, he appeared in Japanese lifestyle variety show Homecoming, where it was revealed that he is a godfather of then-AKB48 member, Sayaka Akimoto, according to photo documentations by Akimoto's Filipina mother, as the episode showed Akimoto traveling to the Philippines to explore her Filipino roots. He was visited and interviewed on the show by Akimoto, her mother, Akimoto's fellow AKB48 co-member Mariko Shinoda, and comedian Hiroshi.
In 2019, Moreno appeared in the film 3pol Trobol: Huli Ka Balbon! as Yorme, a former mayor of Balete, Batangas, and leader of a horse ranch as well as an old friend of the Philippine president. He also made a cameo appearance in the 24th anniversary special of Bubble Gang.
A musical biographical film based on Moreno's life, Yorme: The Isko Domagoso Story, was released on January 21, 2022, and was distributed by Viva Films. Raikko Mateo, McCoy de Leon, and Xian Lim portrayed Moreno in different times of his life, with Moreno also appearing as himself.
Discover more about Acting career related topics
Councilor of Manila
Moreno started his political career in 1998 when he was elected and sworn in as councilor under then-Mayor Lito Atienza for Manila's first legislative district at age 23, the youngest-elected councilor in Manila's history at the time. Initially a decision made on a whim, he was re-elected in 2001 and 2004. His programs include the "ISKOlar ng Bayan" college scholarship program, the Isko Moreno Computer Learning Center (ISCOM), the "Botika ni Isko" which was the only pharmacy in the country installed within a public office, and the establishment of daycare centers in the first district. After receiving criticism from other members of the city council, his mentor then-Vice Mayor Danilo "Danny" Lacuna, encouraged him to study while fulfilling his duties. In 2003, Moreno obtained a business administration degree from the International Academy of Management and Economics in Makati. He also took a crash course in local legislation and local finance at the National College of Public Administration and Governance, University of the Philippines Diliman. He then completed bachelor in public administration at Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Maynila (University of the City of Manila). He also attended non-degree programs, fellowships, and short courses in leadership and governance at John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University (Executive Education Program), and at Saïd Business School, University of Oxford (Strategic Leadership Programme).
Vice mayor of Manila
After his third and final term as city councilor, Moreno ran for vice mayor in 2007 under Asenso Manileño, a local party he co-founded with Danilo Lacuna, as the running mate of then outgoing vice mayor Lacuna. During his election campaign, he criticized what he called "black propaganda" by opponents who used photographs from his "sexy" acting career but did not pursue any charges. Moreno eventually won the elections, beating his closest rival by about 80,000 votes; however, Lacuna lost to Senator Alfredo Lim of the Liberal Party, a former mayor himself. Moreno became the youngest-elected vice mayor in the history of Manila at age 32. Moreno studied law at Arellano University School of Law but dropped in his second year when he was elected as vice mayor of Manila for the first time. He was re-elected in 2010, this time under Nacionalista Party and as the running mate of then-incumbent Mayor Alfredo Lim. Both Lim and Moreno took part in the negotiation of the Manila hostage crisis until it was taken over by the police. Moreno had criticized the national government's urgency on the matter, saying the national government should have intervened early because foreign nationals were involved.
Moreno also served as vice chairman of the Manila Historical and Heritage Commission. In 2011, Moreno was chosen to visit Washington D.C. under the International Visitor Leadership Program (IVLP) sponsored by the US State Department, the only Filipino participant of their group.
Between 2012 and 2013, the Commission on Audit (COA) found Moreno's office had 623 ghost employees. Cases were filed against him but were dismissed by the Office of the Ombudsman. Moreno said he believed the allegations were politically motivated and headed by Mayor Lim, which resulted in them falling out. Moreno said he was only the signatory of the disbursement of the city council's employees and that the Office of the City Treasurer disburses employee salaries. The Manila Regional Trial Court ordered the reinstatement of Moreno's employees, whom the court declared as unlawfully terminated by Lim. Judge Daniel Villanueva dismissed Lim's allegations some of the terminated workers could be ghost employees.
In May 2012, Joseph Estrada, the 13th president of the Philippines, announced his intention to run for mayor of Manila in the 2013 local election against the incumbent mayor Lim, but only for one term to make way for Moreno afterwards. Moreno, who was running for re-election as vice mayor in his third-and-last consecutive term, was chosen as Estrada's running mate. Estrada drove his "Jeep ni Erap" from San Juan to his new house at Altura, Santa Mesa, Manila, to ceremonially launch his candidacy. He was joined by his wife, former senator Loi Ejercito, and Moreno. Moreno then joined Estrada's party Pwersa ng Masang Pilipino (PMP) and United Nationalist Alliance (UNA), which was then in coalition with PDP-Laban.
On February 16, 2013, months before the election, police arrested and detained Moreno and five other councilors due to alleged bingo operations held in a public place and a lack of permit. Moreno denied the bingo game was in a public place in Santa Cruz, Manila, because they were in a private property and did not cause obstruction. Moreno said he believed Mayor Lim was involved in his arrest but Lim refuted this. Moreno said the bingo game was not illegal because there was no wager involved and the cards were given for free. Moreno also said the bingo session was initiated for entertainment purposes to attract people to attend their consultation program. In his defense, Moreno said there is no law that requires anyone to obtain a permit from the local government unit if the bingo games were intended purely for entertainment purposes, especially when being done in a private, gated compound. The day before, Lim and Estrada signed a "peace covenant" to prevent election-related violence in Manila. Moreno and the other councilors were released a day later, and the gambling charges were eventually dismissed by the Department of Justice due to lack of evidence and vague allegations. The police complainants also failed to cite a particular provision of the law that was violated. Moreno was re-elected in May 2013, and Estrada defeated Lim to become the new mayor of Manila.
The Campaign Finance Office of the Commission on Elections (COMELEC) filed a complaint against Moreno in May 2017 for overspending in the 2013 elections, saying Moreno exceeded expenditure limits by over P100,000 in his final vice-mayoral bid. In his counter-affidavit that was received by COMELEC in October 2020, Moreno said his declared spending was a "simple and honest oversight" due to variances and un-reconciled accounts, and the mistake was in good faith. He later adjusted his expense report where the amended sum fell within campaign spending limits. Under Republic Act 7166, a candidate with political-party support who is standing for either the positions of president or vice president may spend only up to ₱3.00 per registered voter in his or her constituency. Several poll watchdogs have echoed support for Moreno and have campaigned for the revision of an outdated spending cap because they said such law, which was enacted in 1991, no longer reflected actual spending, and that such action would make the disclosure of candidates and political parties more truthful. Under the poll body’s Rules of Procedure, preliminary investigations on election offenses must be terminated within 20 days after the receipt of counter-affidavits, after which a resolution should be made within five days. However, there has been no resolution on the case since then and it is unlikely to bring the case to court because COMELEC may be found guilty of "inordinate and oppressive delay". In its defense, COMELEC said the slow pace of the procedures is "usual" due to unclear delegation and delineation of functions.
In September 2014, five barangay chairpersons from Tondo filed a plunder complaint against Moreno and several other city officials in Manila with the Office of the Ombudsman for allegedly diverting real property tax shares amounting to ₱77 million to a "dummy" barangay in late 2013. Moreno said the accusations were politically motivated. According to him, the dummy barangay the complainants were referring to was Barangay 128 in Smokey Mountain. Moreno also said the funds they gave to Smokey Mountain, as well as the poor barangays in Parola and Baseco, were "floating funds" from uninhabited barangays in the city's piers, and that such action was a "normal proceeding". Moreno alleged the complainants wanted to take a share of the funds but failed to properly request them. Moreno said he and his co-defendants were willing to face the allegations but there had been no official report or publicly available update from the Office of the Ombudsman regarding the complaint.
Also during his tenure as vice mayor, Moreno was elected the National President of the Vice Mayors' League of the Philippines (VMLP) from 2008 to 2016, and the first Vice President of the Union of Local Authorities of the Philippines (ULAP) from 2014 to 2016. He was also the Chairman Emeritus of the Kaagapay ng Manileño Foundation from 2007 to 2010.
2016 Senate bid
In 2015, Moreno announced he would run for senator of the Philippines in 2016 after incumbent Mayor Joseph Estrada decided to run for another term. He was named as part of the senatorial slate of presidential candidate and Senator Grace Poe's Partido Galing at Puso coalition and as an adopted senatorial candidate of Senator Bongbong Marcos, who was then running for vice president. He lost in his bid, placing 16th overall. He received the biggest campaign contributions and donations by any senatorial candidate that year through pooled funds from donors. Moreno declared and paid the obligated taxes from his ₱50 million unused campaign donations as stated in his mandatory income tax return, in compliance with the law. Other candidates who declared excess campaign donations during that year were Grace Poe, Jejomar Binay, Rodrigo Duterte, Leni Robredo and Francis Escudero. Moreno is among the first few candidates who settled their obligations on excess campaign donations early. Moreno's declaration was sensationalized six years later in 2022 by political rivals even though the Commission on Elections affirmed Moreno's response, stating "there are no rules requiring its disposition in any specific way", confirming Moreno did not violate any law. Moreno later stated he believed the legislature should pass a corresponding law or new set of rules to govern excess campaign donations. His term as vice mayor of Manila ended on June 30, 2016, and he was succeeded by Honey Lacuna, daughter of his mentor Danny Lacuna.
Member of Duterte's cabinet
Moreno was appointed by 16th president Rodrigo Duterte and served as an external peace consultant for the urban poor of the National Democratic Front of the Philippines (NDFP), the Communist Party of the Philippines' (CPP) popular front, in its peace negotiations with the Duterte administration in 2016 and 2017. He attended peace talks with the CPP-NPA-NDFP held in the Netherlands, Oslo, and Rome as an independent observer, along with members of the Government of the Philippines (GRP) before Duterte formally terminated the talks in late 2017. Aside from his role in the peace talks, Moreno refuted having communist ties.
In July 2017, Duterte appointed Moreno as chairman of the board and chief executive officer of the government-owned-and-controlled North Luzon Railways Corporation (NorthRail). Moreno resigned from the post in October 2017, citing personal reasons.
In May 2018, Moreno was appointed by Duterte as undersecretary for Luzon affairs and special concerns at the Department of Social Welfare and Development. On October 11, 2018, he resigned from this post to run for mayor of Manila in the 2019 election and challenge his former ally, incumbent Mayor Joseph Estrada, with Vice Mayor Honey Lacuna as Moreno's running mate. Moreno and Estrada had not been on speaking terms following Moreno's failed senatorial bid in 2016.
Mayor of Manila
Moreno served as the 27th Mayor of Manila—the 22nd person to hold the position—following his win in the 2019 Manila local elections, in which he defeating both of his predecessors Alfredo Lim and the incumbent mayor Joseph Estrada. At 44, Moreno became the youngest mayor in Manila's history. Moreno and Lim reconciled after the elections and remained on good terms until Lim's death in 2020. Moreno's first 100 days in office were met with positive response. President Duterte praised Moreno, saying: "He is better than me to be honest. I see that his resolve is stronger than mine." [b]
As part of his advocacy for meritocracy, Moreno promoted several long-time, well-performing employees of Manila City Hall and hired new employees based on qualifications regardless of political affiliation.
Moreno's term as mayor of Manila ended on June 30, 2022, and he was succeeded by his vice mayor and partymate Honey Lacuna. Moreno then officially retired from politics, having served in the government for 24 years.
City services and infrastructure
Moreno signed an ordinance that gives a monthly allowance of ₱1,000 to each student of the University of the City of Manila and Universidad de Manila, the first in the country. The ordinance also gives Grade 12 students in Manila's public schools a ₱500 monthly allowance to be received via "cash cards".
Senior citizens, persons with disabilities (PWDs), and solo parents who reside in the capital are entitled to a ₱500 monthly allowance by the city government. The elderly also receive ₱800 and a cake as a birthday gift from the city government, on top of their ₱500 monthly allowance.
Moreno's infrastructure projects and beautification programs included the redevelopment of the historic Jones Bridge, the construction of a 10-story, 384-bed building for the Bagong Ospital ng Maynila to replace the Ospital ng Maynila Medical Center, which will be converted into the College of Medicine and Allied Health Sciences Campus of the Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Maynila. Moreno's projects also include the redevelopment of Manila Zoo, which reopened on December 30, 2021. Also one of Moreno's projects is the Flora V. Valisno de Siojo Dialysis Center at the Gat Andres Bonifacio Memorial Medical Center, the country’s largest free dialysis facility named after former mayor Alfredo Lim's grandmother.
Public housing for the homeless and city employees was one of Moreno's campaign promises, and his administration oversaw the construction of high-rise, in-city, vertical housing projects such as Tondominium 1 and 2, and Binondominium. In July 2021, illegal settlers and tenants from Baseco Compound were awarded with horizontal townhouses in Manila's community housing project BaseCommunity. A second phase of BaseCommunity is planned.
In 2020, to ease the economic effects of the COVID-19 pandemic after President Duterte declared the national government was running out of funds to provide aid, the city government of Manila headed by Moreno, sold a 3,701 m2 (39,840 sq ft) where Divisoria Public Market is situated, a patrimonial property[c] which is a part of the old Divisoria Mall, to private company Festina Holdings Inc. The decision was made after the recommendation of the city's Assets Management Committee, which was tasked with finding city assets that were "white elephants"—unused, underused or no-longer beneficial. Divisoria Public Market has not been managed by the city government since 1992 after former mayors handed over management of the land and the market to private company Linkworld Corporation. Aside from the low monthly earnings from the lease, the city government's income from the site had been declining because of non-paying stallholders. The city government said the decision was advantageous for the city since it earned more from the sale of the Divisoria market than the rent it has earned for more than 25 years, and that the sale price of ₱1.45 billion was higher than the Commission on Audit's valuation of the property at ₱173.136 per square meter. Further, the office of the city administrator said the city government would earn more funds from the real estate taxes that will be generated from land developers than the tenant fees collected by the vendors.
It was also agreed Festina Holdings will pay all required taxes after sales, including capital gains tax. Consultation and notices were given to stallholders, public documentation was widely circulated, and city council resolutions and public-bidding conferences were held; of three bidders, Festina won. Vendors were temporarily transferred to Pritil Market. As of 2022, no vendors had been moved from their stalls. Payment obtained from the sale of Divisoria market was used for erecting Manila COVID-19 Field Hospital and 12 quarantine facilities, housing projects, procurement of antiviral medicines, and food packs for the city's 700,000 households. During the 2022 general election, almost two years after the sale was settled, the subject matter resurfaced after Manila mayoral candidate Alex Lopez, son of Mel Lopez, said its sale lacked transparency and threatened to press charges against Moreno and the city council. Moreno refuted Lopez's allegations as misleading and politically motivated, and said no violations were made as everything was done with due process and was well-documented. Moreno also said some of the vendors and representatives of Divisoria Public Market Credit Cooperative may have been manipulated by Lopez to spread black propaganda and sensationalize the issue for personal interests. Lopez lost in his mayoral bid to Moreno's ally Honey Lacuna in the 2022 Manila local elections.
On February 3, 2021, the city government of Manila, headed by Moreno, acquired a 6,003-square-metre (64,620 sq ft) private lot worth ₱111 million located at Pasig Line in Santa Ana through Ordinance No. 8115 (2006). The purchased land will be used for the "Land for the Landless" program of Manila Urban Settlements Office. The land acquisition is perceived to provide housing to more than 600 low-income informal settlers and homeless families.
From 2019 to 2020, government-owned banks Development Bank of the Philippines and Land Bank of the Philippines granted Moreno's request for financial loans for infrastructure projects after the assessment and approval of the Department of Budget and Management (DBM). The City of Manila had been denied loans by government-owned banks in the previous city administrations due to a reputation of being "not bankable". In 2019, Moreno reportedly inherited a zero budget from the previous administration. After presenting his infrastructure plans, the DBM's certification to prove the city's capability to pay, and the Supreme Court's Mandanas ruling that entitles local government units to receive an additional budget allocation from both internal revenue taxes and national taxes starting in 2022, the government-owned banks became interested in the potential revenue of Moreno's infrastructures and the city again became "bankable". The loans granted to Manila serve as an advance receipt of Manila's guaranteed Mandanas budget allotment, ensuring future full payment to the banks as well as the revenue that will be generated by the infrastructure assets. Moreno's 10-year infrastructure plan was apparently achieved in three years with the completion of his housing projects, new school buildings, new hospitals, and Manila's renovation and beautification programs. The city government was able to increase tax revenue collection each year from its infrastructure assets in 2019 to 2022 compared to the previous administrations, despite the pandemic, based on the Commission on Audit's annual reports prompting the city government not to impose additional taxes on Manila residents.
In March 2022, Moreno met with representatives of Elon Musk's SpaceX to negotiate a contract for the acquisition of Starlink's low Earth orbit satellite broadband internet system for the City of Manila. In May 2022, the National Telecommunications Commission approved Starlink Internet Services Philippines' registration as a value-added service provider, making the Philippines the first country in the ASEAN region to use Starlink's satellite and Manila the first city in Southeast Asia to acquire the service. The system is designed to provide broadband services to remote areas which will offer low latency internet services and when communications are disrupted during natural disasters. The city government of Manila plans to deploy the satellites to 896 barangays, several public schools, police stations, and hospitals.
COVID-19 pandemic response
On March 10, 2020, the Government of the United Kingdom invited Moreno was invited to attend sessions on proper COVID-19 response; he met with the UK's coronavirus task force officials in London. Upon returning to the Philippines, Moreno declared a state of calamity in the city on March 15, 2020, following a directive from Metro Manila Council, after the second and third COVID-19 cases were confirmed. From the same date, Moreno slept in his office for three months to oversee the city government's response to the COVID-19 pandemic.
On March 16, Manila Department of Social Welfare (MDSW) began rescuing homeless people, as well as people living outside the city who were unable to return home following the imposition of the Luzon-wide enhanced community quarantine. They took refuge at Delpan Sports Complex in Tondo. The city allocated ₱227.5 million ($4.45 million) from its budget to assist families affected by the quarantine. On March 18, Moreno ordered all lodging facilities in Manila to provide free accommodations for front-line health workers such as doctors and nurses throughout the period of enhanced community quarantine. To financially help the city government employees, Moreno drafted a resolution ordering the release of their mid-year bonuses. Another resolution appropriating funds and giving cash assistance for the city's job order and contractualized workers was also enacted.
On March 19, the city deployed 189 electric tricycles to exclusively transport front-line health workers to the city's public hospitals. Drivers of electric tricycles received salaries from the city government. The city also coordinated with the Department of Social Welfare and Development of the national government to source food supplies for the city's families. On April 5, Moreno signed an ordinance enacting the City Amelioration Crisis Assistance Fund (CACAF), allocating ₱591 million ($12 million) for around 568,000 families and distributing ₱1,000 ($19.73) to each household. A second tranche of money was given from May 20 to 21 for more than 680,000 families, some of whom did do not receive a payout from the first CACAF distribution.
On April 3, 2020, Manila City Council approved an ordinance penalizing discriminatory acts directed against coronavirus patients and other patients under evaluation, including discrimination by health workers on the basis of patients' medical conditions. The following day, Moreno ordered the temporary closure of Ospital ng Sampaloc after five hospital staff contracted the virus. On April 6, 2020, Moreno announced he and several other government officials in the city would donate their salaries to Philippine General Hospital to increase its financial capability amid the pandemic. The Manila city government partnered with the Department of Agriculture to launch the Kadiwa Rolling Store project, a mobile farmers' market that sold fresh products to residents during the closure of retail establishments due to the enhanced community quarantine. The first unit was deployed to Santa Ana on April 6, 2020.
On July 15, 2020, Moreno launched the city's drive-through testing facility, where passengers in vehicles could undergo free COVID-19 testing near Bonifacio Shrine in Ermita. The facility was open to both residents and non-residents of the city, and was the first testing facility of its kind in the country. Three days later, the city government opened a second drive-through testing facility at the Quirino Grandstand.
The city government also built Manila COVID-19 Field Hospital in Rizal Park in 52 days, which began admitting patients on June 25, 2021. Moreno thanked the 362 construction workers who built the facility. Manila residents were given cash aid from the national government despite a brief dispute between Moreno and President Duterte; Moreno thanked Duterte for pushing through the aid.
Manila became the first local government unit in the country to procure anti-COVID-19 medicines such as Molnupiravir, Remdesivir, Tocilizumab, Baricitinib, and Bexovid for aged 12 and above, all of which prevents mild to moderate cases from progressing into severe diseases. Moreno said the drugs were also available to non-city residents. In October 2020, the city government of Manila was cited for and received an award from the Department of Health (DOH) for its COVID-19 response. Moreno thanked the city’s six district hospitals and Manila Health Department for their service during the pandemic. The DOH also recognized Moreno for the city achieving a 143% accomplishment rate of its child-vaccination program.
Manila was the only city in the National Capital Region that was not under COVID-19 Alert Level 4. Manila was later included in 34th place in Time Out's list of 53 world's best cities, praising its "aggressive COVID-19 response which helped the city stay afloat". Manila was also voted the third-most-resilient city in the same survey. On July 14, 2022, the 12th City Council of Manila honored former Mayor Moreno "for his vibrant leadership that resulted to the City of Manila placing 34th in the Time Out’s list of best cities in the world".
Moreno oversaw the cleaning of congested streets of Manila. He ordered the clearing of informal vendors to address the city's congestion problem and waste management, leading to the stopping of extortion of vendors and the exposure of derelict heritage sites within the city.
Moreno ordered the demolition of Illegally built structures, including government edifices, that impeded the movement of motorists and pedestrians. His cleanup drive of Manila North Cemetery after All Souls' day garnered attention online and spurred a nationwide implementation of the same approach to city decongestion.
President Rodrigo Duterte echoed Moreno's initiative, ordering the Department of the Interior and Local Government (DILG) to "reclaim all public roads that are being used for private ends". On October 8, 2019, Moreno signed Executive Order No. 43 mandating all 896 barangays and frontline City Hall offices to conduct a weekly clean-up drive in support of Duterte's directive to clear all public roads and sidewalks of obstructions.
Moreno also ordered the cleaning of Manila's sewers and the removal of dilapidated barges from the Pasig River. He also ordered the cleanup of waters around Baseco Compound, which took 10 days, including weekends, during which more than 30,000 kilograms (66,000 lb) of garbage was collected. Under Moreno's "May Pera Sa Basura" program, the city government launched the community-based "Kolek, Kilo, Kita para Walastik na Maynila" waste-collection program in partnership with private firms and the Pasig River Rehabilitation Commission (PRRC). The program was incentivized, aiming to encourage residents to cooperate with the government to reduce the pollution of the Pasig River. For every 1 kg (2.2 lb) of plastic wastes collected, Unilever Philippines would exchange ₱10 worth of homecare products.
2022 presidential campaign
On August 4, 2021, Moreno resigned his membership of the National Unity Party and from his post as the party's Vice Chairman for Political Affairs to join Aksyon Demokratiko, and on August 12, he was elected as the party's president. On September 22, 2021, Moreno declared himself a candidate for Preident of the Philippines in the 2022 election, with physician and social-media personality Willie Ong serving as his vice presidential running mate. Following the announcement, Ong left the Lakas-CMD party to join Moreno's Aksyon Demokratiko.
Moreno was identified as a populist, some of his views on issues include speeding the nationwide distribution of COVID-19 vaccines; maintaining the Duterte administration's "Build! Build! Build!" program"; allowing the franchise renewal of ABS-CBN; lowering excise tax on fuel and utility costs, reviving micro, small, and medium-sized enterprises (MSME), which were severely affected by COVID-19 lockdowns; increasing labor and employment; additional public housing; boosting development of agriculture, tourism, and creative industries; strengthening of policies in healthcare and education; infrastructure development in rural areas; developing of economic hubs outside Metro Manila; digital transformation and industry 4.0; strengthening of law and order; continuing the Duterte administrations's anti-drug policy in a "more humane approach"; good and smart electronic governance; maintaining peaceful relations with other countries and international organizations; and ending divisive politics in favor of an "open governance" rooted in "competence" over "connections".
In December 2021, Moreno said he intended to retire in politics if he was not elected as president, and that he would rather spend quality time with his family.
Moreno was not elected president; he finished fourth out of ten candidates, and Bongbong Marcos was elected to the post. Moreno garnered 1,933,909 votes and conceded the election. External observers attribute the failure of his campaign to his lack of political machinery, alleged infighting within his campaign team, disinformation against him, and minimal media coverage. The April 17 joint press conference, at which Moreno criticized presidential candidate Leni Robredo, was also said to work against his campaign. According to his Statement of Contributions and Expenses (SOCE), Moreno had no excess campaign contributions and donations, and spent an extra ₱1.1 million from his personal funds for the campaign.
Discover more about Political career related topics
Moreno is also known for his consistent and controversial stand against vandalism and unauthorized tarpaulins.
On November 12, 2019, the left-leaning group Panday Sining, the cultural arm of Anakbayan, defaced the newly painted and cleaned Lagusnilad Underpass near the Manila City Hall. Moreno publicly criticized the group and rejected their apology. Moreno proceeded with the group's arrest after another act of vandalism in Recto LRT Station was attributed to them. Panday Sining was officially declared persona non grata in the city of Manila on December 6, 2019. Many left-leaning groups condemned the mayor's actions against them.
In October 2020, Moreno ordered the removal of tarpaulins declaring the Communist Party of the Philippines, the New People's Army, and the National Democratic Front persona non grata in the National Capital Region. This event prompted Lt. Gen. Antonio Parlade Jr., spokesperson of the National Task Force to End Local Communist Armed Conflict, to ask whether Moreno was welcoming terrorists into Manila. Moreno responded the city government has an ordinance against all forms of vandalism. A few days after, Moreno publicly condemned and ordered the removal of graffiti painted by leftist advocates around Welcome Rotonda. On December 7, 2020, in an interview posted on YouTube, Moreno vehemently denied he had any support for or affiliation with the terrorist groups. Moreno also opposed tarpaulins depicting faces of politicians, even if they are his partymates, and had ordered the removal of political tarpaulins since he assumed office.
In October 2020, Moreno signed Ordinance 8695 protecting members of the LGBT community from all forms of discrimination and abuse, including the denial of employment and other opportunities on the basis of the person's sexual orientation, gender identity, and expression. As part of its campaign against discrimination, the Manila city government mandated all establishments to have gender-neutral toilets by 2023, and they would be a requirement for the approval and renewal of business permits.
In November 2020, Moreno signed into law Ordinance 8681 known as the "Gender and Development Code of the City of Manila" or the "GAD Code" which increases maternity leave for breastfeeding women working in the private sector, increased paternity leave for new fathers, and increased women's reproductive health benefits. The ordinance also protects women and those of other genders against sexual abuse, violence, trafficking, gender discrimination, pedophilia, commercial exploitation, and sexual harassment. The policy also provides support for victims of violence such as immediate investigations, free medical services and counseling, and the creation of support groups and community-based psychological programs. The ordinance also said one third of jobs in the city development council for gender and development, and in the barangay, should be reserved for women "in recognition of their considerable leadership and involvement".
Moreno has praised the country's female medical and health workers, as well as women front-line workers in other fields, acknowledging their roles as "critical and crucial as much as their male counterparts" in the country's response against COVID-19. He also lauded the mothers who leave their families to fulfill their duties as front-line staff. Moreno also recognized the efforts of his vice mayor Honey Lacuna, Manila's first-ever elected female vice mayor, calling her an "effective leader who has taken solid steps in gender equality and women empowerment", and described her as like an older sister to him. He gave Lacuna executive functions on a par with his mayoral duties. During Moreno's term as mayor, women comprised almost half of City Hall's employees.
Moreno expressed strong opinions on a foreign policy aligned with what he called a "Filipino-first" policy, under which the Philippines would form contracts, organizations, and trade agreements, only if they are beneficial to Filipinos.
According to Moreno, the Philippines is not "militarily prepared" for an encounter with China, and that laws such as the Law of the Sea must be upheld. He said he believes the country's defense secretary should come from the navy because the Philippines is an archipelagic country. He said the Philippines' should be "fearless" in asserting the country's claims to South China Sea islands, and should be responsive to the plight of Filipino fishermen, while it should be "fair" and "sensible" in dealing with other countries also occupying some maritime features in the sea, especially in trade. Moreno criticized the United Nations (UN), questioning what they are doing in light of China's disregard of the Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA). According to Moreno, China needs to accept a 2016 arbitration award of the Hague ruling that made clear the Philippines' entitlements, including where it can fish and exploit offshore oil and gas, also citing the Velarde map as reference. He also expressed a wish to form partnerships with other countries and to prepare the Philippines for joint trade with China.
Discover more about Political positions related topics
Isko Moreno has been described as a populist who has a "rags-to-riches" story, rising from his childhood as a slum-dwelling scavenger to become a celebrity and later entering politics. Moreno is also known for his streetwise image and his frequent use of Manila street slang, even in media interviews, to engage the masses—especially young adults—earning him the alias "Yorme"[a] when he assumed office as city mayor in 2019. His supporters call Moreno's use of colorful language "ISKOnaryo" (portmanteau of Isko and Diksiyonaryo (dictionary). He is also known for his signature dance steps to the song (Dying Inside) To Hold You by Timmy Thomas, a dance he frequently performed during his early show-business career. Moreno's popularity on social media has been attributed to his celebrity status, charisma, and commoner humor. Although his social media presence is well-received, as shown by its massive statistical growth in interactions, a number of critics describe such endeavor as pa-epal (attention-seeker) and "too showbiz". Moreno defended his constant social media updates as part of his "engagement" as mayor, and said "taking selfies" with supporters and granting photo-opportunities are also part of public service. Moreno was voted as one of the top-performing mayors in the National Capital Region in opinion polls during his tenure as Manila city mayor.
Moreno's remarks against the country's elite positioned him as a "man of the people". Moreno developed a reputation as an "underdog" politician who does not retreat from political giants, elitists, and moralists. Moreno has often been criticized for his "brash" style of talking but he dismisses this as his "real talk style" of addressing his constituents to which the elite could not relate. Moreno also positioned himself as a "politician of the ordinary people", though he was criticized for overusing his rags-to-riches narrative to the point it became clichéd. He has been widely compared to 16th president Rodrigo Duterte; critics labeled him "Duterte Lite" or "Duterte 2.0", and accused him of fence-sitting on some issues pertaining to Duterte.
Members of Moreno's inner circle have described his work ethic as "proactive" and "workaholic", and his leadership style as "obsessive". His colleagues, supporters, and external observers describe him as a "visionary", "transformative", and "brilliant".
Since 2019, Moreno has donated about ₱100 million of his personal fees from product endorsements to charities; these include Philippine General Hospital, cancer-stricken children, and child liver-transplant patients, and to provinces including Batangas, North Cotabato, and Cebu City, which have been hit by natural disasters.
Discover more about Public image related topics
Since 2000, Moreno has been married to Diana Lynn "Dynee" Ditan (born 1975), a businesswoman and a former taekwondo athlete with the Philippine national team. They have five children, including Vincent Patrick (born 1998)—Ditan's son from a previous relationship who Moreno adopted— and actor Joaquin Andre ("JD") (born 2001). Other children are Frances Diane (born 2000), Franco Dylan (born 2006), and Drake Marcus (born 2012). In 2022, Moreno became a grandfather at age 47 when his son Joaquin fathered a son named Scott Angelo with Raffa Castro, daughter of actor-turned-broadcast journalist Diego Castro.
During his early days as councilor of Manila, Moreno said he was once a chaperone to Japanese VIPs in casinos for public-relations purposes. He said although he used to play in casinos whenever he accompanied the Japanese, he denied he gambled whenever he was there, and that he had a gambling addiction. When Memorandum Circular No. 6, series of 2016 of the Presidential Decree No. 1869—which prohibits government officials and employees from gambling in casinos—Moreno said he no longer attends casinos, especially when he started serving as mayor.
On August 15, 2021, Moreno tested positive for COVID-19, from which he head recovered by August 25 the same year. Moreno rarely drinks alcohol and he quit smoking in 2021. Moreno is an honorary member of Alpha Kappa Rho and a member of the Davao Durian Eagles Club of the Fraternal Order of Eagles – Philippine Eagles. Moreno supports legitimate multi-level network marketing. Aside from his native Tagalog, Moreno can speak English in a professional working proficiency level. Moreno is a practicing Catholic.
Moreno's life and works have been featured in books; 'God First' Why Isko Moreno: I'M Doing It (Isko Moreno), which was written by Rick A. Conchada and published in November 2019, discusses Moreno's work as Manila's mayor. A children's book entitled Yorme! The Life Story of Isko Moreno (2021) was written by Yvette Fernandez and illustrated by Ray Sunga; it became one of the best-selling books at National Book Store.
Discover more about Personal life related topics
Awards, honors, and recognition
During mayoral term
Under Moreno's administration, the local government of the City of Manila won its first-ever Good Financial Housekeeping recognition from the Department of the Interior and Local Government (DILG) for 2019.
In a December-2020 year-end survey conducted by research group RP-Mission and Development (RPMD) Foundation Inc., Moreno had a 77% approval rating from the city's residents, becoming the third top-performing mayor in the National Capital Region after Joy Belmonte of Quezon City with 85% and Vico Sotto of Pasig with 82%. In another survey conducted by RPMD in September 2021, Moreno was ranked the top-performing mayor in the National Capital Region with an 88% approval rating. He was followed by Belmonte with 82% and Sotto with 81%.
The City of Manila was included in the top 50 finalists of the Bloomberg Philanthropies 2021 Global Mayors Challenge, a competition that aims to identify and implement the most-innovative ideas developed by cities to address the COVID-19 pandemic. Manila and the city of Butuan in Mindanao were the only Southeast Asian cities to appear on the list, which was selected from a pool of 631 cities that applied that year.
On October 29, 2021, the local government unit (LGU) of Manila, under Moreno's administration, won three awards during the Digital Governance Awards 2021 (LGUs Best Practices in Information and Communication Technology) by the Department of Information and Communications Technology (DICT). The awards include the COVID-19 Testing Center "Web-Lab-IS" – Best in LGU Empowerment Award (city level) at 1st Place, the City of Manila "Connection for Inclusion" Award – Best in Customer Empowerment Award (city level) at 1st Place, and the Business Permit Licensing Service (BPLS) – Best in Business Empowerment Award for its GO Manila App end-to-end solution (city level) at 2nd Place. The GO Manila App, which was launched in 2014, was improved to provide residents access to an online one-stop-shop giving LGU system automation and e-Services. Moreno planned the app to "help make transactions more convenient, transparent, and limit human discretion".
In June 2022, the City of Manila was awarded the Gawad Edukampyon for Learning Continuity Innovation Award in the Highly Urbanized City category by the Department of Education (DepEd), Department of the Interior and Local Government (DILG), the Center for Local Governance and Professional Development Inc., the Early Childhood Care and Development (ECCD) Council, and REX Publication during the first Gawad Edukampyon for Local Governance Awarding Ceremony in recognition of Manila's educational programs amid the COVID-19 pandemic under Moreno's administration. The award highlighted Manila's Continuity Education Plan called Connection for Inclusion 2.0, which focused on integrating information and communications technology (ICT) in schools.
Moreno was listed in a list of "Top 10 Men Who Matter in 2011" by PeopleAsia Magazine. He also received the "2012 Most Outstanding Filipino in the Field of Public Service Award" by Gawad Amerika Foundation.
The Asia Leaders Awards of 2019 and 2020 chose Moreno as "Man of the Year in Public Service". In November 2019, Moreno won the 2019 Gusi Peace Prize in recognition for his work in "consistently creating positive changes" during his time as vice mayor and councilor. The same month, Esquire Philippines gave Moreno the "Breakthrough Award" for his "distinguished track records in public service, leadership, and governance" during their Man At His Best 2019 Honors night given to outstanding men and women in the fields of art, film, fashion, sports, business, and public service. Moreno was also chosen as "The Management Man of the Year" awardee for 2019–2020 by the Philippine Council of Management (Philcoman).
In November 2019, the Harvard Business School Owner/President Management (HBS OPM) Club of the Philippines, a club composed of Harvard graduates in the Philippines, honored Moreno as its first-ever awardee for being a "Gamechanger in Politics" and recognized his "outstanding leadership" and "dedicated public service". He was also conferred with honorary membership in the club.
In March 2021, Moreno was adopted as a member of Sanlingan Class 2005 of the Philippine Military Academy. Also in 2021, he received a "Hero of the Year" recognition from Gawad Filipino Heroes Award for his efforts during the peak of the COVID-19 pandemic. The Philippine Movie Press Club (PMPC) awarded Moreno the "Inspirational and Outstanding Leader Award" in recognition of his "exceptional city governance and excellent response to the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic" in the same year.
Moreno received the "Golden Peacock Award of Excellence" in 2021 from the Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce Inc. (FICCI) Philippines in recognition of the city government's service to the city's residents and businesspersons.
In April 2022, the Mrs. Universe Philippines Foundation awarded Moreno as one of the "Philippines' Most Exceptional Men of 2022".
In April 2014, Moreno was conferred with an honorary degree of Doctor of Humanities in Community Development (Honoris Causa) by the Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Maynila. On December 12, 2020, he received an honorary degree of Doctor of Laws (Honoris Causa) from San Beda University.
- 2013 – Darling of the Press (Special Award) Winner at the PMPC Star Awards for Movies
- 1998 – Male Star of the Night (Special Award) Winner at the PMPC Star Awards for Movies
Discover more about Awards, honors, and recognition related topics
|Asenso Manileño||Isko Moreno (Francisco Domagoso)|
|Lakas–Kampi||Don Ramon Bagatsing|
|Asenso Manileño hold|
|Nacionalista||Isko Moreno (Francisco Domagoso)||498,609||79.86|
|Invalid or blank votes||67,815||9.80|
|UNA||Isko Moreno Domagoso||373,320||62.59%|
- Isko Moreno Domagoso (PMP) – 11,126,944 (16th, 12 candidates with the highest number of votes win the 12 seats in the Senate)
|Asenso Manileño||Isko Moreno Domagoso||357,925||50.44%|
|PMP||Joseph Estrada (incumbent)||210,605||29.67%|
|Asenso Manileño gain from PMP|
|Leni Robredo||Independent |
(Liberal Party member running as independent)
|Isko Moreno Domagoso||Aksyon||1,933,909||3.59|
|Ping Lacson||Reporma |
|Leody de Guzman||PLM||93,027||0.17|
|Jose Montemayor Jr.||DPP||60,592||0.11|
|Source: The Congress sitting as the National Board of Canvassers|
Discover more about Electoral history related topics
|1993||Dalawang Larawan ng Pag-ibig||Cameo|||
|May Minamahal||Carlitos Tagle (15 years old)||Jose Javier Reyes||Introducing (as Kiko Moreno)|
|1994||Muntik Na Kitang Minahal||Toby||Mel Chionglo||First lead role|
|Eat All You Can||Jomar||Mike Relon Makiling|||
|Brat Pack||Student||Deo Fajardo Jr.|||
|1995||Bocaue Pagoda Tragedy||Jun Jun||Maria Saret|
|Dodong Scarface||Eddie||Pepe Marcos|||
|Pulis Patola 2||Robert||Felix E. Dalay|||
|Pamilya Valderama||Elmer||Augusto Salvador|||
|1996||Tukso Layuan Mo Ako 2||Abbo Dela Cruz|||
|1997||Exploitation||Edward Santillan||Mauro Gia Samonte|||
|Siya'y Nagdadalaga||Luis||Neal "Buboy" Tan|||
|1998||Mga Babae sa Isla Azul|||
|1999||Misteryosa||Neal "Buboy" Tan|||
|2014||Bonifacio: Ang Unang Pangulo||Padre José Burgos||Enzo Williams|
|2019||3pol Trobol: Huli Ka Balbon!||Yorme||Rodel Nacianceno|||
|2022||Yorme: The Isko Domagoso Story||Himself||Joven Tan||Narrator|||
|2023||Martyr or Murderer||Ninoy Aquino||Darryl Yap|||
|TBA||Malvar: Tuloy ang Laban||Andrés Bonifacio||Jose "Kaka" Balagtas|||
|1993||Young Love, Sweet Love||RPN 9||Doorbell Guy||1 episode – Extra/Uncredited|||
|1993–1996||That's Entertainment||GMA Network||Himself / Host / Performer|||
|1994–1998||GMA Telesine Specials||Various roles||Various episodes (drama anthology series)|
|1994||Maalaala Mo Kaya||ABS-CBN||Episode: "Manok"|||
|1997||Episode: "Puting Panyo"|||
|2000||Wansapanataym||Teban||Episode: "Wonder Jeepney"|
|2002||Sana ay Ikaw na Nga||GMA Network||Guest|||
|2004||Maalaala Mo Kaya||ABS-CBN||Himself (cameo)||Episode: "Aklat"|||
|2005–2006||Mga Anghel na Walang Langit||Father Vincent|||
|2007||Bakekang||GMA Network||Victor||Guest star|||
|2008||Ligaw Na Bulaklak||ABS-CBN||Mon D. Rodriguez|||
|That's My Job||ABC-5||Himself||Host|||
|2012||Gandang Gabi, Vice!||ABS-CBN||Himself||Guest|||
|2014||The Ryzza Mae Show||GMA Network||Himself||Guest|||
|2019||Eat Bulaga!||Himself||Judge – Miss Millennial Philippines 2019 Grand Coronation Day|||
|Kapuso Mo, Jessica Soho||Himself||Guest|||
|Bubble Gang||Yorme||Cameo appearance (2 episodes)|||
|Gandang Gabi, Vice!||ABS-CBN||Himself||Guest|||
|2020||Eat Bulaga!||GMA Network||Himself||Contestant – Bawal Judgmental Segment|||
|Kapuso Mo, Jessica Soho||Himself||Special guest|||
Discover more about Filmography related topics
Protests against Rodrigo Duterte
2022 Philippine presidential election
Partido Federal ng Pilipinas
2022 Philippine general election
COVID-19 pandemic in Metro Manila
Philippine government response to the COVID-19 pandemic
2022 Philippine Senate election
Isko Moreno 2022 presidential campaign
Yorme: The Isko Domagoso Story
Political positions of Isko Moreno
- A verlan backslang metathesis of the English word "mayor", which is used in Taglish and reversed phonemically as part of Filipino/Tagalog street slang.
- transl. "Mas mahusay siya kaysa sa akin sa totoo lang. May nakita ako na mas mahusay ang resolve niya kaysa sa akin"
- Article 422 of the Civil Code of the Philippines states "property of public dominion, when no longer intended for public use or for public service, shall form part of the patrimonial property of the State". Therefore, patrimonial assets refers to those that are not of public use, serve no public purpose, do not increase national wealth, or are declared by government to have no public value.
- Morales, Neil Jerome (September 22, 2021). "Manila mayor declares Philippine presidential bid". Reuters. Retrieved September 29, 2021.
- Mendoza, John Eric (August 12, 2021). "Isko Moreno now Aksyon Demokratiko president". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved August 12, 2021.
- Talabong, Rambo (May 26, 2019). "Isko Moreno: From the slums of Tondo to Manila's throne". Rappler. Retrieved October 14, 2021.
- L!fe, PhilStar (January 27, 2022). "Isko Moreno: 'We need solutions and action'". The Philippine Star. Retrieved January 27, 2022.
- Domingo, Katrina (November 24, 2021). "'Hindi nila ako ginabayan': Isko Moreno says no debt of gratitude towards Lim, Atienza". ABS-CBN News. Retrieved November 24, 2021.
- Ramos, Jaleen (November 24, 2021). "I don't mind being called a 'political butterfly' — Mayor Isko". Manila Bulletin. Retrieved November 24, 2021.
- Gamil, Jaymee T. (May 1, 2012). "It's official: Isko Moreno says he's leaving Lim for Erap". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved May 1, 2012.
- Macaraig, Ayee (May 1, 2012). "Erap's party welcomes Zubiri, Isko Moreno". Rappler. Retrieved October 10, 2021.
- Araneta, Sandy (May 2, 2012). "Isko to take oath as UNA Member". The Philippine Star. Retrieved October 9, 2021.
- Galvez, Daphne (August 5, 2021). "Isko Moreno resigns from NUP". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved August 12, 2021.
- Sabillo, Kristine (August 6, 2019). "How 'Yorme' Isko uses street slang to engage Manileños, millennials". ABS-CBN News. Retrieved May 12, 2021.
- "Isko: More orderly Manila is Alfredo Lim's legacy". ABS-CBN News. August 9, 2020. Retrieved September 3, 2021.
- Ranada, Pia (September 22, 2021). "Isko Moreno to run for president in 2022". Rappler. Retrieved September 23, 2021.
- Vanzi, Sol (October 25, 2020). "The legacy of our capital city". Manila Bulletin. Retrieved October 25, 2020.
- Fajarito, James M. (October 20, 2019). "A brave new city". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved October 20, 2019.
- Punzalan-Estavillo, Elvie (May 3, 2022). "Salamat, Doc Willie ... for Yorme Isko!". The Philippine Star. Retrieved May 3, 2022.
- Ranada, Pia (January 20, 2022). "Isko Moreno's infrastructure legacy in Manila: Fast, furious, and ambitious". Rappler. Retrieved January 20, 2022.
- Retona, Merinette (December 28, 2021). "VERA FILES FACT CHECK YEARENDER: Marcos Jr. benefited the most from election-related disinformation in 2021, Robredo was favorite target". Vera Files. Retrieved December 28, 2021.
- Serato, Arniel C. (July 1, 2022). "Former Manila Mayor Isko Moreno shares family bonding photo on first day as private citizen". Philippine Entertainment Portal. Retrieved July 1, 2022.
- "Rosario Domagoso, mother of Manila mayor, dies at 74". Philippine Daily Inquirer. October 26, 2020. Retrieved October 27, 2020.
- Lo, Ricky (June 3, 2007). "The Saga of Super Isko". ABS-CBN News. Archived from the original on July 9, 2007. Retrieved February 9, 2008.
- "The great mothers behind presidentiables Miriam, Binay, Mar, Poe & Duterte". The Philippine Star. May 7, 2016. Retrieved March 16, 2022.
- Ancheta, Michael (July 15, 2007). "Actor-turned vice mayor Isko Moreno pursues his true calling". Philippine Entertainment Portal. Retrieved February 9, 2008.
- "The humble beginnings and great ambition of Isko Moreno". ABS-CBN News. May 15, 2019. Retrieved October 11, 2019.
- "Isko Moreno aims for biggest role as Philippine president". Yahoo! News Yahoo! Philippines. March 2, 2022. Retrieved March 16, 2022.
- "Modern Rosauro Almario Elementary School to rise soon in Tondo". Manila Bulletin. July 19, 2021. Retrieved March 16, 2022.
- "Isko Moreno shares photo of his public school life". Philippine Daily Inquirer. October 15, 2020. Retrieved March 16, 2022.
- Red, Isah V. (January 8, 2016). "Isko Moreno wants to be Senator". Manila Standard. Retrieved April 5, 2022.
- "A great loss, Kuya Germs was a second father to me – Isko Moreno". Rappler. January 8, 2016. Retrieved September 27, 2021.
- Bautista, Mario (September 24, 2005). "JEANETTE JOAQUIN: SHE PREFERS HER WOMAN LOVER". NewsFlash.org. Archived from the original on April 25, 2008. Retrieved February 9, 2008.
- Franco, Bernie V. (December 3, 2019). "Mayor Isko Moreno clarifies he never courted Claudine Barretto". Philippine Entertainment Portal. Retrieved December 3, 2019.
- "Isko Moreno". IMDb.
- "The Isko Moreno story tonight on Maalaala". The Philippine Star. Philstar Global Corp. August 26, 2004. Retrieved November 30, 2021.
- Dimaculangan, Jocelyn (May 26, 2008). "Daytime teleserye "Ligaw na Bulaklak" airs on May 26". Philippine Entertainment Portal. Archived from the original on June 13, 2021. Retrieved April 7, 2022.
Manila vice-mayor Isko Moreno makes a showbiz comeback as Mon, a self-made man whose undying love for a woman continues to inspire him to do good.
- AKB48 Sayaka Akimoto with Mariko Shinoda visit Philippines @ Homukami (Homecoming). Mark Malinao Daro. June 28, 2015. Archived from the original on March 22, 2022. Retrieved March 27, 2022 – via YouTube.
- Layug, Margaret Claire (November 4, 2019). "'Mayor Isko' to make cameo appearance in Bubble Gang's 24th anniversary special". GMA News Online. Retrieved June 12, 2021.
- Calderon, Ricky (November 27, 2021). "Director Joven Tan's inspiration behind 'Yorme'". The Manila Times.
- Severo, Jan Milo (November 22, 2022). "'The Filipino is worth dying… INSIDE': Isko Moreno to play Ninoy Aquino in upcoming Darryl Yap movie". The Philippine Star.
- "Isko Moreno is Ninoy Aquino in new Darryl Yap movie". CNN Philippines. November 23, 2022.
- Domingo, Katrina (October 4, 2021). "Atienza on protégés Isko, Manny: I was hoping I could make them work together". ABS-CBN. ABS-CBN News. Retrieved October 4, 2021.
- "Manila Mayor Isko is Philcoman management awardee". Manila Bulletin. Manila Bulletin. November 5, 2019. Retrieved November 5, 2019.
- Lontayao, Rommel C. (March 28, 2010). "ISKO MORENO: BEING VICE MAYOR". PressReader. The Manila Times. Retrieved March 28, 2010.
- Ople, Susan (July 10, 2019). "Dear Isko". BusinessMirror. Retrieved August 15, 2021.
- Hidalgo, Wheng (May 2, 2007). "Manila vice-mayoral bet hits foes' black propaganda". ABS-CBN News. Archived from the original on July 9, 2007. Retrieved February 9, 2008.
- Llanto, Jesus F. (May 11, 2010). "Lim beats another Atienza in Manila mayoralty race". ABS-CBN News. Archived from the original on May 19, 2019. Retrieved April 7, 2022.
Also proclaimed was incumbent vice mayor Isko Moreno, who was enjoying a 300,000 lead over his nearest rival Maria Lourdes Isip-Garcia
- Andrade, Jeannette (October 25, 2009). "Mayor Lim, Vice Mayor Isko a team in Manila polls". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Archived from the original on October 26, 2009. Retrieved April 7, 2022.
- Pedrasa, Ira (September 5, 2010). "Isko: Hostage crisis was one of national concern". ABS-CBN News. Retrieved September 5, 2010.
- "Official website of the City of Manila, Vice Mayor section". Archived from the original on February 13, 2008. Retrieved February 8, 2008.
- de Guzman, Robbie (July 12, 2019). "US Ambassador lauds 'total rockstar' Manila Mayor Isko". Yahoo! Philippines. Retrieved March 22, 2022.
- Velasco, Vernon (October 24, 2020). "The Manila Mayor was never a lost boy". Daily Tribune. Retrieved March 22, 2022.
- Lim and Moreno: From friends to enemies. ABS-CBN News. February 19, 2013. Archived from the original on July 28, 2022. Retrieved February 19, 2013 – via YouTube.
- "Why Isko Moreno Domagoso ran for Senate and not Manila mayoral post". ABS-CBN News. April 21, 2016. Retrieved March 29, 2022.
- Araneta, Sandy (June 22, 2012). "Court orders reinstatement of 1,197 dismissed employees". The Philippine Star via PressReader. Retrieved March 29, 2022.
- "Gitirahan si Mo!". The Philippine Star. Archived from the original on January 11, 2013. Retrieved September 3, 2020.
- "Isko, 5 Councilors Arrested Over Illegal Gambling". Yahoo! News Philippines. February 17, 2013. Retrieved April 13, 2022.
- "Isko Moreno: Bingo case malicious, fabricated". Rappler. June 25, 2013. Retrieved April 13, 2022.
- "Isko Moreno arrested in Manila". Rappler. Archived from the original on February 18, 2013. Retrieved February 16, 2013.
- Sauler, Erika (March 22, 2014). "DOJ drops illegal gambling charge vs. Isko Moreno, others". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved October 10, 2021.
- Pedrasa, Ira (May 14, 2013). "Erap, Isko proclaimed winners in Manila". ABS-CBN News. Archived from the original on October 9, 2021. Retrieved March 14, 2022.
- Salazar, Cherry; Philippine Center for Investigative Journalism, PCIJ (September 24, 2022). "Isko Moreno's campaign overspending case still in limbo after 5 years". Rappler. Retrieved September 24, 2022.
- dela Cruz, Kathlyn (September 12, 2014). "Isko Moreno on plunder raps: 'Usong-uso eh'". ABS-CBN News. Retrieved March 29, 2022.
- "FALSE: Media did not report on plunder complaint vs Isko Moreno". Rappler. September 9, 2021. Retrieved March 29, 2022.
- Canlas, Jomar (March 1, 2011). "Isko Moreno gets Vice Mayor's League's top post". The Manila Times. Retrieved April 15, 2022.
- "ULAP Brochure". Issuu. September 15, 2015. Retrieved April 15, 2022.
- Gonzales, Yuji Vincent (October 16, 2015). "Isko Moreno joins Senate race under Grace Poe's ticket". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved October 15, 2021.
- Corrales, Nestor (October 22, 2015). "VP aspirant Bongbong adopts Isko Moreno as Senate candidate". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved October 15, 2021.
- Bueza, Michael (June 8, 2016). "Senate race: Tolentino spent most, Isko Moreno got biggest contributions". Rappler. Retrieved March 29, 2022.
- "13 bets, 4 parties raise P69-M excess donations". Philippine Center for Investigative Journalism (PCIJ). December 7, 2016. Retrieved March 29, 2022.
- Tuquero, Loreben (February 4, 2022). "FALSE: Isko Moreno is the first to declare excess campaign funds". Rappler. Retrieved February 4, 2022.
- Medenilla, Samuel P. (January 25, 2022). "Comelec echoes Isko: Bet may keep excess campaign funds as long as he pays taxes on it". BusinessMirror. Retrieved January 25, 2022.
- Ranada, Pia (February 27, 2022). "Isko haunted by excess campaign funds, plays it safe in CNN PH debate". Rappler. Retrieved February 27, 2022.
- Villanueva, Raymund B. (July 19, 2019). "Joma asks Isko: 'What are your plans for the poor vendors?'". Kodao Productions. Retrieved July 19, 2019.
- Ranada, Pia (March 21, 2022). "Isko to resume peace talks with Left: 'I hope they meet us halfway'". Rappler. Retrieved March 21, 2021.
- "GRP – NDFP begin fourth round of peace talks". Norwegian Embassy in Manila. April 3, 2017. Retrieved March 21, 2022.
- "GRP – NDFP conclude second round of talks". Norwegian Embassy in Manila. Retrieved March 21, 2022.
- Ramos, Jaleen (October 6, 2021). "Mayor Isko: 'Hindi ako NPA'". Manila Bulletin. Retrieved March 21, 2022.
- Corrales, Nestor (November 23, 2017). "Duterte signs Proclamation No. 360 terminating peace talks with NPA". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved March 21, 2022.
- Domingo, Katrina (October 13, 2021). "'I believe in democracy': Isko Moreno denies alleged communist ties". ABS-CBN News. Retrieved March 21, 2022.
- "Isko Moreno a communist? Joma Sison says he's not qualified". ABS-CBN News. October 14, 2021. Retrieved March 21, 2022.
- Ranada, Pia (July 19, 2017). "Isko Moreno is chairman of North Luzon Railways Corp". Rappler. Retrieved July 19, 2017.
- Desiderio, Louella (October 27, 2017). "Isko Moreno resigns from Northrail". The Philippine Star. Archived from the original on October 6, 2018. Retrieved April 6, 2022.
- Parrocha, Azer (May 9, 2018). "Duterte appoints Isko Moreno as new DSWD undersecretary". Philippine News Agency. Archived from the original on August 10, 2021. Retrieved February 27, 2022.
- Tomacruz, Sofia (October 11, 2018). "Isko Moreno resigns from DSWD, eyes running for Manila mayor". Rappler. Retrieved October 20, 2018.
- "Isko Moreno defeats Manila's old mayors". CNN Philippines. May 13, 2019. Archived from the original on November 5, 2021. Retrieved April 7, 2022.
- Lalu, Gabriel Pabico (October 24, 2019). "Manila opens country's largest free dialysis facility". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved October 26, 2019.
- Moaje, Marita (August 9, 2020). "Isko, Erap express grief over Lim's passing". Philippine News Agency. Retrieved April 22, 2022.
- Cabalza, Chester (2019). "Manila's New Yorme: An Anthropological Preliminary on Isko Moreno and His Vision for the Nation's Capital". Academia.edu. UP Diliman. Retrieved June 29, 2022.
- "Duterte on Isko Moreno: 'Bilib ako sa kanya'". CNN Philippines. CNN Philippines Staff. September 11, 2019. Retrieved September 11, 2019.
- Santos, Hannah. "Isko removes facilitator in hiring of employees". Metro News Central. Retrieved May 25, 2022.
- Moaje, Marita (June 24, 2022). "Isko Moreno asks Manileños to give Lacuna same trust". Philippine News Agency. Retrieved June 24, 2022.
- Yalao, Khriscielle (June 24, 2022). "Mayor Isko, Outstanding Manilans honored during Manila's 451st year". Manila Bulletin. Retrieved June 24, 2022.
- Santos, Pat C. (June 27, 2022). "City dads pay Isko tribute". Daily Tribune. Retrieved June 27, 2022.
- Cayabyab, Marc Jayson (June 29, 2022). "Moreno bids goodbye, Lacuna takes oath". The Philippine Star. Retrieved June 29, 2022.
- Gonzales, Catherine (January 28, 2020). "Students of PLM, UdM start receiving P1,000 allowance from Manila gov't". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved August 8, 2020.
- "Manila mayor bares more benefits for senior citizens". BusinessMirror. October 12, 2019. Retrieved August 8, 2020.
- Adonis, Meg (November 26, 2019). "Newly renovated Jones Bridge reopens". Philippine News Agency. Retrieved August 8, 2020.
- Gonzales, Catherine (June 24, 2020). "Manila City gov't breaks ground for 'Bagong Ospital ng Maynila'". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved August 8, 2020.
- Santos, Pat C. (June 25, 2020). "New Ospital ng Maynila soon to rise". Daily Tribune. Retrieved June 25, 2020.
- Pedrajas, Joseph Almer (July 25, 2020). "Mayor Isko breaks ground for new Manila Zoo". Manila Bulletin. Retrieved August 8, 2020.
- Bautista, Jane (December 30, 2021). "Greener, fresher Manila Zoo reopens after P1.7-billion makeover". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved December 30, 2021.
- Jazul, Noreen (June 7, 2021). "Manila inaugurates first Muslim Cemetery and Cultural Hall". Manila Bulletin. Retrieved March 29, 2022.
- Moaje, Marita (July 1, 2020). "'Tondominiums' soon to rise in Tondo". Philippine News Agency. Retrieved August 8, 2020.
- "NEWS FEATURE: Binondominium breaks ground". City of Manila: Lungsod ng Maynila. Manila City Government. June 28, 2020. Retrieved August 8, 2020.
- Moaje, Marita (July 5, 2021). "229 indigent families relocate to Manila's BaseCommunity". Philippine News Agency. Retrieved April 11, 2022.
- Moaje, Marita (September 3, 2021). "Basecommunity 2 in the works for Manila residents". Philippine News Agency. Retrieved April 11, 2022.
- "Duterte admits gov't has no more funds for aid". CNN Philippines. CNN Philippines Staff. August 3, 2020. Retrieved August 3, 2020.
- "BOOK II (FULL TEXT): CIVIL CODE OF THE PHILIPPINES". ChanRobles.com. Chan Robles Virtual Law Library. Retrieved July 24, 2022.
- Pilapil, Jaime; Baroña, Franco Jose C. (March 26, 2022). "Divisoria Public Market sold by Isko Moreno for P1,446,966,000". The Manila Times. Retrieved April 15, 2022.
- Ramos, Jaleen (April 2, 2022). "'Luging-lugi na tayo': Vice Mayor Honey says Divisoria Public Market not beneficial anymore". Manila Bulletin. Retrieved April 15, 2022.
- Yap, DJ (April 2, 2022). "Isko Moreno camp defends Divisoria market sale". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved April 15, 2022.
- Cayabyab, Marc Jayson (March 29, 2022). "Moreno defends sale of Divisoria Public Market". The Philippine Star. Retrieved April 15, 2022.
- Ayeng, Raffy (March 27, 2022). "Vendors fight City Hall over Divisoria sale". Daily Tribune. Retrieved April 15, 2022.
- Ong, Ghio (April 2, 2022). "No vendor displaced in Divisoria mall, Manila LGU says". The Philippine Star. Retrieved April 15, 2022.
- Casilao, Joahna Lei (March 24, 2022). "Isko Moreno on alleged Divisoria sale: 'Baka may nasaktan sa P203B tax'". GMA News. Retrieved April 15, 2022.
- Chavez, Cyril (March 30, 2022). "Moreno, naniniwalang ginagamit lang ang isyu ng ilang kalaban sa pulitika". 24 Oras – GMA News. MSN. Retrieved April 15, 2022.
- Depasupil, William (April 1, 2022). "Domagoso, mayoral candidate trade barbs over Divisoria market sale". The Manila Times. Retrieved April 15, 2022.
- Gonzales, Catherine (February 3, 2021). "Manila City gov't buys P111-M private lot for housing program". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved February 3, 2021.
- Reyes, Edd (May 18, 2022). "Isko airs side". People's Journal. Retrieved May 18, 2022.
- Gutierrez, Dennis (March 29, 2022). "Isko Moreno meets with Elon Musk's Space X to get Starlink internet for Manila". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved March 29, 2022.
- Manuel, Pilar (March 29, 2022). "Manila eyes buying over 1,000 satellites from Elon Musk's SpaceX to boost connectivity". CNN Philippines. Retrieved March 29, 2022.
- Santos, Mylene (March 10, 2020). "Isko meets with UK officials for proper COVID-19 response". Metro News Central. Retrieved March 10, 2020.
- "Isko MORENO was invited to London to attend COVID-19 response sessions. Upon coming home, he immediately implemented it in Manila, he says. He right away met with health officers, hospital directors and social welfare officials". The Philippine Star. February 27, 2022. Retrieved February 27, 2022 – via Twitter.
- "Manila under state of calamity as city confirms 2 new coronavirus cases". Rappler. March 15, 2020. Retrieved March 16, 2020.
- Ranada, Pia (February 13, 2022). "Isko Moreno's inner circle paints picture of 'obsessive' leadership style". Rappler. Retrieved February 13, 2022.
- Tiangco, Minka (March 18, 2020). "Street dwellers given food, shelter by Manila City government". Manila Bulletin. Retrieved March 27, 2020.
- Talabong, Rambo (March 18, 2020). "Isko Moreno orders Manila hotels, motels to house health workers for free". Rappler. Retrieved March 21, 2020.
- "Mandaluyong, Manila gov't employees to get early 13th-month, midyear pay during community quarantine". CNN Philippines. March 27, 2020. Retrieved March 21, 2020.
- Garcia, Maria Angelica (March 19, 2020). "Manila to deploy 189 e-trikes for COVID-19 frontliners". GMA News Online. Retrieved March 21, 2020.
- "Manila City to give P1,000 cash grant to more than 500,000 families". ABS-CBN News. April 5, 2020. Retrieved April 6, 2020.
- "Over 680,000 families in Manila to get add'tl P1,000 cash aid". ABS-CBN News. May 21, 2020. Retrieved May 21, 2020.
- Hilario, Edgard (March 23, 2020). "Manila City Hall launches city-wide COVID-19 health survey". Manila Bulletin. Archived from the original on March 27, 2020. Retrieved March 27, 2020.
- Pedrajas, J.A. (April 3, 2020). "Manila passes ordinance vs COVID-19 stigmatization". Manila Bulletin. Retrieved April 5, 2020.
- "Manila hospital to temporarily close after staff test positive for COVID-19". CNN Philippines. April 4, 2020. Retrieved April 5, 2020.
- Mendoza, John Eric (April 6, 2020). "Isko, Manila officials donate salaries to PGH". The Manila Times. Retrieved April 10, 2020.
- "NEWS ALERT: Kadiwa rolling stores to kick off in Manila amid COVID-19 crisis". City Government of Manila. April 5, 2020. Retrieved April 10, 2020.
- "'Kadiwa' store opens in Manila". The Daily Tribune. Philippine News Agency. October 14, 2019. Archived from the original on October 22, 2019. Retrieved April 7, 2022.
- Lalu, Gabriel Pabico (July 17, 2020). "Isko: Manila's drive-thru testing shows public willing to be tested if it's free". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved July 20, 2020.
- "Quirino Grandstand drive-thru COVID-19 testing facility draws long line of vehicles". GMA News Online. July 20, 2020. Retrieved July 22, 2020.
- Moaje, Marita (June 12, 2021). "Manila completes Covid-19 field hospital in 52 days". Philippine News Agency. Archived from the original on June 13, 2021. Retrieved April 6, 2022.
- Moaje, Marita (June 25, 2021). "Manila Covid-19 Field Hospital starts ops Friday". Philippine News Agency. Archived from the original on June 25, 2021. Retrieved April 6, 2022.
- Garcia, Ma. Angelica (August 10, 2021). "Isko Moreno: Manila to start distributing ayuda Wednesday, Aug. 11, 2021". GMA News. Retrieved August 10, 2021.
- Galvez, Daphne (August 13, 2021). "JV Ejercito praises Isko Moreno for 'keeping his cool' despite Duterte snub". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved August 13, 2021.
- Gutierrez, Dennis (January 10, 2022). "Isko Moreno says anyone can avail of anti-COVID drugs from city of Manila: 'Reseta lang ang kailangan'". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved January 10, 2022.
- Cabanban, Seth (January 10, 2022). "Manila replenishes nearly depleted anti-COVID drug stock". Manila Bulletin. Retrieved January 10, 2022.
- Moaje, Marita (March 10, 2022). "Manila buys Covid-19 drug Bexovid for aged 12, above". Philippine News Agency. Retrieved March 10, 2022.
- Tiangco, Minka Klaudia (October 18, 2020). "Manila gets DOH award for COVID-19 response". Manila Bulletin. Retrieved October 18, 2020.
- Ramos, Jaleen (June 13, 2022). "Manila cited by DOH for success of Chikiting Bakunation". Manila Bulletin. Retrieved June 13, 2022.
- Enriquez, Marge C. (September 17, 2021). "Isko Moreno sums up City of Manila's COVID-19 response and challenges". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved September 17, 2021.
- Ramos, Jaleen (July 13, 2022). "Manila is in Time Out's list of world's best cities". Manila Bulletin. Retrieved July 13, 2022.
- Asistio, Christine Annie (July 13, 2022). "Manila hailed as 'thriving again,' ranked 34th best city in the world for 2022 — Time Out index". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved July 13, 2022.
- "IN PHOTOS: The 12th City Council of Manila passed a resolution honoring former Mayor Isko Moreno Domagoso". City of Manila: Lungsod ng Maynila. Manila City Government. July 15, 2022. Archived from the original on July 20, 2022. Retrieved July 15, 2022.
- "Swept Aside, Where Are the Philippines' Street Vendors to Go?". The Diplomat.
- Madarang, Catalina Ricci S. (July 25, 2019). "Mayor Isko Moreno's reasons for a major Manila makeover". Interaksyon. Archived from the original on July 27, 2019.
- "Clearing all road obstructions". Manila Standard.
- "LOOK: Mayor Isko's photo of clean Manila N. Cemetery surroundings goes viral". GMA News Online.
- Dela Cruz, Raymond Carl (July 24, 2019). "Do an Isko in reclaiming roads: DILG exec". Philippine News Agency. Archived from the original on April 7, 2022. Retrieved April 7, 2022.
- "DILG chief eyes Isko formula in clearing roads". ABS-CBN News. July 23, 2019. Archived from the original on July 23, 2019. Retrieved April 7, 2022.
- "Rodrigo Roa Duterte, Fourth State of the Nation Address, July 22, 2019 | GOVPH". Official Gazette of the Republic of the Philippines. July 22, 2019. Retrieved November 9, 2021.
- "NEWS ALERT: Isko Moreno mandates barangays, city offices to conduct weekly clean-up drive". City of Manila: Lungsod ng Maynila. Manila City Government.
- Hallare, Katrina (July 5, 2019). "LOOK: Isko Moreno leads cleaning of Manila's sewers". Philippine Daily Inquirer.
- "Old barges left on Pasig River to be cleared". GMA News Online.
- "PRRC clears BASECO's "dagat ng basura"". PTVNews. July 21, 2019.
- Kabagani, Lade Jean (October 26, 2019). "Manila, private firms launch 'incentivized' plastic waste program". Philippine News Agency. Retrieved October 26, 2019.
- "Moreno resigns from NUP; oathtaking with Aksyon Demokratiko postponed amid vaccination site issues". cnn. Archived from the original on October 23, 2021. Retrieved September 9, 2021.
- "Isko Moreno to take oath as Aksyon Demokratiko member". Rappler. Archived from the original on October 23, 2021. Retrieved September 9, 2021.
- "Isko Moreno elected as new Aksyon Demokratiko president". cnn. Archived from the original on October 23, 2021. Retrieved September 9, 2021.
- Rosario, Ben (September 23, 2021). "Isko's running mate, Willie Ong, resigns from Lakas-NUCD". Manila Bulletin. Retrieved September 23, 2021.
- Casilao, Joahna Lei (February 25, 2022). "Isko on fuel tax cut: Time for government to make sacrifices". GMA News Online. Retrieved March 31, 2022.
- Casilao, Joahna Lei (January 31, 2022). "'Life and livelihood' main focus of Isko Moreno's 10-point economic agenda". GMA News Online. Retrieved March 30, 2022.
- Maralit, Kristina (October 8, 2021). "'Isko Moreno' vows 'more humane' approach to anti-drug campaign". The Manila Times. Retrieved April 11, 2022.
- Rita, Joviland (September 22, 2022). "Isko shares two cents on ICC probe, West Philippine Sea, ABS-CBN franchise issues". GMA News Online. Retrieved September 23, 2021.
- Ramos, Christia Marie (December 3, 2021). "'Move on, pahinga na:' Moreno to quit politics if not elected president". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved December 3, 2021.
- "National Canvassing 2022 - Joint Session of Congress". House of Representatives. Retrieved May 25, 2022.
- Domingo, Katrina (May 15, 2022). "From overachieving mayor to election laggard, what went wrong with Isko Moreno?". ABS-CBN News. Retrieved May 15, 2022.
- "Study finds disinformation vs Marcos rivals on YouTube". ABS-CBN. ABS-CBN News. April 26, 2022. Retrieved April 26, 2022.
- Carino, Jorge (June 8, 2022). "Isko Moreno spent P242 million for presidential campaign, says lawyer". ABS-CBN News. Retrieved June 8, 2022.
- De Leon, Dwight (September 7, 2022). "WHO'S WHO: The top campaign donors of defeated 2022 presidential aspirants". Rappler. Retrieved September 7, 2022.
- "Vandals should now face full-force-of-the-law". Manila Bulletin. October 23, 2020. Retrieved January 21, 2021.
- "Panday Sining declared as Persona Non Grata". ABS-CBN News. October 23, 2020. Retrieved January 21, 2021.
- "Isko wants anti-leftist tarps removed in Manila". Metro News Central. October 21, 2020. Retrieved January 21, 2021.
- "Parlade asks: Is Mayor Isko welcoming 'terrorist' CPP-NPA in Manila?". Philippine Daily Inquirer. October 23, 2020. Retrieved January 21, 2021.
- "No Politics over Tarp Removal". ABS-CBN. October 23, 2020. Retrieved January 21, 2021.
- "PH capital Manila passes ordinance on LGBTQI protection". ABS-CBN News. October 29, 2020. Retrieved January 21, 2021.
- Talabong, Rambo (October 29, 2020). "Manila businesses ordered to have gender-neutral toilets by 2023". Rappler. Retrieved October 29, 2020.
- "Isko Vows to Restore Deteriorating Manila". Manila Bulletin. May 9, 2019. Retrieved May 9, 2019.
- Escosio, Jan V. (January 26, 2022). "Isko Moreno says he respects same-sex union: 'LGBTQI not only recognized, they are part of my governance'". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved April 14, 2022.
- "Manila approves gender code to expand benefits, protect violence survivors". CNN Philippines. CNN Philippines Staff. November 10, 2020. Retrieved November 10, 2020.
- Gutierrez, Dennis (March 8, 2022). "Isko Moreno hails women frontliners in fight vs COVID-19". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved March 8, 2022.
- Ramos, Jaleen (March 8, 2022). "Mayor Isko pays tribute to women frontliners, vows equal opportunities on Int'l Women's Day". Manila Bulletin. Retrieved March 8, 2022.
- Cabayan, Itchie G. (March 22, 2021). "Lacuna excels as Manila's vice mayor". People's Journal. Retrieved March 22, 2021.
- Mendoza, John Eric (February 25, 2022). "Isko Moreno vows to adopt 'Filipino first' foreign policy". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved February 25, 2022.
- Famatigan, Mark Ernest (February 2, 2022). "Where does Isko Moreno stand on key issues?". Yahoo! Philippines. Retrieved February 2, 2022.
- Lema, Karen (January 31, 2022). "Manila mayor vows to take on China as Philippines president". Reuters. Retrieved January 31, 2022.
- Ong, Ghio (February 27, 2022). "Isko Moreno's foreign policy: Filipinos' safety first". The Philippine Star. Retrieved February 27, 2022.
- Ranada, Pia (September 23, 2021). "Isko Moreno open to Philippines rejoining ICC under his watch". Rappler. Retrieved September 23, 2021.
- Burgos, Arlene (May 2, 2022). "Mayor Isko Moreno's presence on Facebook grew massively, quickly after 2019". ABS-CBN News. Retrieved May 2, 2022.
- Talabong, Rambo (October 7, 2019). "'Taking selfies part of public service' – Isko Moreno". Rappler. Retrieved October 7, 2019.
- Tuazon, Nikko (July 13, 2019). "9 new words to learn from Manila Mayor Isko Moreno". Philippine Entertainment Portal. Retrieved July 13, 2019.
- Masigan, Andrew J. (May 30, 2021). "Isko Moreno and the power of charisma". BusinessWorld. Retrieved May 30, 2021.
- Team, PUSH (August 7, 2019). "Manila 'Yorme' Isko Moreno explains ISKOnaryo". ABS-CBN PUSH. Retrieved August 7, 2019.
- Ong, Ghio (November 21, 2021). "Isko Moreno: Time of elite at an end". The Philippine Star. Retrieved November 21, 2021.
- Ranada, Pia (September 28, 2021). "Duterte Lite: Is fence-sitting a sin or strategy in 2022 elections?". Rappler. Retrieved September 28, 2021.
- Cayabyab, Marc Jayson (October 19, 2021). "Isko Blasts 'Elite' Politics". One News. Retrieved October 19, 2021.
- Requejo, Rey E. (October 20, 2021). "Recto: Isko's 'vision' makes him best bet". Manila Standard. Retrieved October 20, 2021.
- Masigan, Andrew J. (December 1, 2021). "Isko Moreno, behind closed doors". The Philippine Star. Retrieved December 1, 2021.
- "'Brilliant': Political analysts laud Isko's campaign ad". ABS-CBN. ABS-CBN News. September 22, 2021. Retrieved September 22, 2021.
- "Domagoso: Over P100m in fees went to charity". Manila Standard. October 21, 2021. Retrieved March 29, 2022.
- Valenzuela, Nikka G. (October 31, 2019). "PGH gets P30.5-m funding from Manila mayor, others". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved October 31, 2019.
- Ramos, Jaleen (March 4, 2022). "Mayor Isko reunited with boy he helped to get a liver transplant 3 years ago". Manila Bulletin. Retrieved March 4, 2022.
- Domingo, Katrina (March 15, 2022). "Dynee Domagoso recalls whirlwind start to romance with husband Isko". ABS-CBN News. Retrieved April 11, 2022.
- Gabinete, Jojo (March 15, 2022). "Dynee Domagoso reveals she stood Isko Moreno up on their wedding day in 1999". Philippine Entertainment Portal. Retrieved March 21, 2022.
- Benavidez, Hannah (January 29, 2020). "The stunning wife of Isko Moreno". Kami.com.ph – Philippines news.
- Bigtas, Jannielyn Ann (February 24, 2022). "Joaquin Domagoso reveals his dad Isko Moreno's condition for him before entering showbiz". GMA News Online. Retrieved April 11, 2022.
- Tuazon, Nikko (November 11, 2019). "Manila Mayor Isko Moreno forbids his children from joining politics". Philippine Entertainment Portal. Retrieved April 11, 2022.
- Gabinete, Jojo (June 27, 2022). "Joaquin Domagoso, may two-month-old son na sa kapatid ni Claire Castro". Philippine Entertainment Portal (in Filipino). Retrieved June 27, 2022.
- Troika, PEP (June 27, 2022). "Joaquin Domagoso, matagal nang gustong umamin tungkol sa pagkakaroon ng anak". Philippine Entertainment Portal (in Filipino). Retrieved June 27, 2022.
- Villano, Alexa (July 25, 2022). "Isko Moreno: Life as a Regular Citizen and Being a Grandfather". Modern Parenting. Retrieved July 25, 2022.
- Aro, Andrea (September 24, 2021). "Mayor Isko responds to allegations on gambling problem". Manila Bulletin. Retrieved April 11, 2022.
- Ombay, Giselle (February 2, 2022). "Moreno admits going to casinos when he was a councilor". GMA News Online. Retrieved April 11, 2022.
- Domingo, Katrina (August 15, 2021). "Manila Mayor Isko Moreno tests positive for COVID-19". ABS-CBN News.
- De Leon, Dwight (August 25, 2021). "Manila Mayor Isko Moreno recovers from COVID-19, leaves hospital". Rappler. Retrieved October 6, 2021.
- National Officers of the Alpha Kappa Rho (AKRHO) Fraternity to Endorse Mayor Isko for President. Isko Moreno Domagoso (verified). February 28, 2022. Archived from the original on April 12, 2022. Retrieved April 12, 2022 – via Facebook.
- "Trivia: Ang ating magiting at masipag na Yorme, Kuya Isko Moreno. He is a member of Davao Durian Eagles Club EY 2016". Facebook. The Fraternal Order of Eagles - Philippine Eagles (verified). November 13, 2019. Retrieved April 19, 2022.
- Cailles, Lila (November 11, 2019). "Networking Forum and Cocktails: Up Close and Personal with Manila City Mayor Francisco "Isko Moreno" Domagoso". World Trade Center Manila.
- Domingo, Katrina (March 11, 2022). "Willie Ong, Carl Balita defend Isko from 'bad grammar' criticism". ABS-CBN News. Retrieved March 11, 2022.
- Santos, Pat C. (March 12, 2022). "Isko: 'Poor English, no problem'". Daily Tribune. Retrieved March 12, 2022.
- Ramos, Jaleen (March 5, 2022). "'I'm offended as a Catholic': Mayor Isko says using inside of churches as rally area 'abnormal'". Manila Bulletin.
- Caña, Paul John (July 17, 2019). "Does Mayor Isko Moreno Really Look Up to Ferdinand Marcos?". Esquire Philippines. Retrieved July 17, 2019.
- Conchada, Rick A. (2019). God First' Why Isko Moreno: I'M Doing It (Isko Moreno). ISBN 978-1712236864.
- "Mayor Isko delighted with brisk sales of 'Yorme' book". Politics.com.ph. Politiko. September 19, 2021. Retrieved September 19, 2021.
- "Manila LGU under Domagoso bags first-ever good financial housekeeping award from DILG". Philippine Daily Inquirer. INQUIRER.net. October 13, 2020. Retrieved October 13, 2020.
- "Belmonte, Sotto, Moreno top NCR mayors – survey". BusinessMirror. December 22, 2020. Retrieved January 21, 2021.
- Depasupil, William (September 23, 2021). "Isko best performing mayor in NCR – survey". The Manila Times. Retrieved April 5, 2022.
- Colcol, Erwin (June 16, 2021). "Manila, Butuan Among Top 50 Cities in Global Mayors Challenge". Reportr. Retrieved April 5, 2022.
- "Manila aims for 'smart city' status, bags 3 awards for digital governance". BusinessMirror. November 2, 2021. Retrieved April 5, 2022.
- "Payment of bills, real property taxes, now made easier for Manileños". Philippine Daily Inquirer. INQUIRER.net (Global Nation) BrandRoom. December 10, 2019. Retrieved December 10, 2019.
- Yalao, Khriscielle (June 3, 2022). "Manila's education program gets Learning Continuity Innovation Award". Manila Bulletin. Retrieved June 3, 2022.
- Yu, Chona (April 5, 2022). "Isko Moreno itinanghal na People of the Year ng Peoples Asia". Radyo Inquirer. Retrieved April 5, 2022.
- Yu, Chona (November 23, 2020). "Mayor Isko Moreno, muling itinanghal bilang "Man of the Year in Public Service" ng Asia Leaders Awards". Radyo Inquirer. Retrieved March 28, 2022.
- Santos, Pat C. (November 22, 2020). "Yorme gets 'Man of the Year' award". Daily Tribune. Retrieved March 28, 2022.
- Calvelo, George (September 29, 2019). "Lauded for 'creating positive changes,' Isko to receive Gusi Peace Prize". ABS-CBN News. Retrieved April 6, 2022.
- Ichimura, Anri (November 8, 2019). "Esquire's Man At His Best 2019 Honors a League of Remarkable Filipinos". Esquire Philippines. Retrieved November 8, 2019.
- Tuazon, Nikko (November 9, 2019). "Isko Moreno dedicates award from Esquire Philippines to people of Manila". Philippine Entertainment Portal. Retrieved November 9, 2019.
- Lo, Ricky (November 29, 2019). "Harvard grads honor Yorme Isko". The Philippine Star. Retrieved April 25, 2022.
- Gonzales, Dr. Eduardo (November 30, 2019). "Mayor Isko honored by fellow Harvard alumni for 'outstanding leadership'". Manila Bulletin. Retrieved April 25, 2022.
- "Men Who Matter 2019: Isko Moreno". Stargate PeopleAsia. PeopleAsia Admin. June 25, 2019. Retrieved April 5, 2022.
- Ilaya, Felix (February 21, 2020). "Manila Mayor Isko Moreno, honored as one of People Asia's People of the Year 2020". GMA News. Retrieved March 28, 2022.
- Aro, Andrea (March 12, 2021). "PMA adopts Mayor Isko as new member of 'Sanlingan Class 2005'". The Manila Bulletin. Retrieved March 12, 2021.
- "LOOK: Manila Mayor Isko Moreno Domagoso on Wednesday receives "Hero of the Year" recognition from Gawad Filipino Heroes Award for showing "courageous heroic deeds in terms of their advocacies to help our citizens during the COVID-19 outbreak in the country."". Philippine Daily Inquirer/Twitter. January 7, 2021. Retrieved April 5, 2022.
- Garcia, Patrick (September 23, 2021). "Mayor Isko receives recognition from PMPC for good governance, pandemic response". Manila Bulletin. Retrieved April 15, 2022.
- Santos, Pat C. (November 29, 2021). "Isko assures Indians hassle-free trade". Daily Tribune. Retrieved November 29, 2021.
- "Congratulations to all the Awardees of Philippines' Most Exceptional Men & Women 2022 held in Okada Manila last April 27,2022". Facebook. Mrs Universe Philippines – official. April 29, 2022. Retrieved April 29, 2022.
- "PNU held the 2022 Gawad Sulo for Public Service and Salute to Excellence on October 5, 2022 at the Philippine International Convention Center (PICC). The event is part of the University's celebration of World Teachers' Day". Facebook. Philippine Normal University – official. October 5, 2022. Retrieved October 5, 2022.
- Franche-Borja, Doris (April 28, 2014). "Isko ginawaran ng Doctorate Degree". The Philippine Star. Retrieved March 22, 2022.
- Tiangco, Minka Klaudia (December 16, 2020). "Isko gets honorary Doctor of Laws degree from San Beda". Manila Bulletin. Retrieved March 22, 2022.
- "Isko Moreno Awards", IMDb, Internet Movie Database, retrieved May 17, 2022
- "2013 ELECTION RESULTS: MANILA CITY, METROPOLITAN MANILA". Rappler. Archived from the original on July 8, 2013. Retrieved November 9, 2021.
- "#PHVote 2019: Local races for MANILA". ph.rappler.com.
- "National Canvassing 2022 - Joint Session of Congress". House of Representatives. Retrieved May 25, 2022.
- Dalawang larawan ng pag-ibig (Drama), Viva Films, Viva Television, retrieved March 1, 2022
- Makiling, Mike Relon, Eat All You Can (Comedy), Seiko Films, retrieved March 1, 2022
- Fajardo, Deo Jr., Brat Pack (Action), Viva Films, retrieved March 1, 2022
- Marcos, Pepe (May 25, 1995), Dodong Scarface (Action), Seiko Films, retrieved March 1, 2022
- Dalay, Felix E. (December 14, 1995), Pulis patola 2 (Action, Comedy), Seiko Films, retrieved March 1, 2022
- Salvador, Augusto, Pamilya Valderama (Action, Drama), PS Movies, Seiko Films, retrieved March 1, 2022
- Cruz, Abbo Dela (July 31, 1996), Tukso layuan mo ako 2 (Drama), Seiko Films, retrieved March 1, 2022
- Gruenberg, Estrellita Valeros, ed. (2000). The De La Salle University Reader: Writings from the Different Regions of the Philippines. De La Salle University Press. p. 100. ISBN 971-555-330-3. Retrieved September 27, 2021.
- Tan, Neal (1997), Siya'y nagdadalaga (Drama), Amaritz Films International, retrieved March 25, 2022
- Mga babae sa Isla Azul (Drama), El Niño Films, Leo Films, 1998, retrieved March 25, 2022
- Tan, Neal (March 17, 1999), Misteryosa (Drama), Scenema Concept International, retrieved March 25, 2022
- "'3Pol Trobol: Huli Ka Balbon'". Philippine Daily Inquirer. December 21, 2019. Retrieved November 1, 2021.
- "Yorme movie, makikipagbakbakan sa Hollywood film na Eternals sa takilya". Philippine Entertainment Portal. Retrieved November 29, 2021.
- Requintina, Robert (November 19, 2022). "Isko Moreno to play Ninoy Aquino in upcoming film". Manila Bulletin. Retrieved November 20, 2022.
- Samio, Veronica (October 22, 2019). "Mayor Isko tuloy na sa pelikula ni Sen. Manny!" [Mayor Isko to push through (his involvement) in Sen. Manny's film!]. Pilipino Star Ngayon. The Philippine Star. Retrieved November 2, 2019.
- Tenorio, Bum (July 3, 2011). "The rise of Isko Moreno". The Philippine Star. Philstar Global Corp. Retrieved September 27, 2021.
- Quintos, Rory B. (January 26, 1994), "Maalaala Mo Kaya" Manok (TV Episode 1994) (Drama, Romance), ABS-CBN, Star Creatives, retrieved March 26, 2022
- Dyogi, Laurenti M. (January 25, 1995), "Maalaala Mo Kaya" Keychain (TV Episode 1995) (Drama, Romance), ABS-CBN, Star Creatives, retrieved March 26, 2022
- de Mesa, Michael (May 25, 1995), "Maalaala Mo Kaya" Simbahan (TV Episode 1995) (Drama, Romance), ABS-CBN, Star Creatives, retrieved March 26, 2022
- Davao, Ricky (October 24, 1996), "Maalaala Mo Kaya" Sagwan (TV Episode 1996) (Drama, Romance), ABS-CBN, Star Creatives, retrieved March 26, 2022
- Quizon, Eric (July 3, 1997), "Maalaala Mo Kaya" Puting panyo (TV Episode 1997) (Drama, Romance), ABS-CBN, Star Creatives, retrieved March 26, 2022
- Tejada, Gil Jr. (2002), Sana ay ikaw na nga (Drama, Romance), GMA, retrieved March 25, 2022
- Naval, Noel C. (August 26, 2004), "Maalaala Mo Kaya" Aklat (TV Episode 2004) (Drama, Romance), ABS-CBN, Star Creatives, retrieved March 26, 2022
- Lo, Ricky (June 3, 2007). "The Saga of Super Isko". The Philippine Star. Philstar Global Corp. Retrieved September 27, 2021.
- Dimaculangan, Jocelyn (May 26, 2008). "Daytime teleserye "Ligaw na Bulaklak" airs on May 26". Philippine Entertainment Portal. ABS-CBN Corporation. Retrieved September 27, 2021.
- That's My Job (TV Series 2008– ), Blowfish Media Works, 2008, retrieved March 27, 2022
- Natividad, Arnel (July 1, 2012), "Gandang Gabi Vice" Isko Moreno/Yves Flores/Tom Doromal/Ginger Conejero/Gretchen Fullido (TV Episode 2012) (Comedy, Musical, Talk show), ABS-CBN, retrieved March 27, 2022
- Rivera, R.A. (August 3, 2012), "Wasak" Isko Moreno (TV Episode 2012) (Talk show), Aksyon TV, retrieved March 27, 2022
- "The Ryzza Mae Show" Isko Moreno (TV Episode 2014) (Talk show), Television and Production Exponents (TAPE), June 24, 2014, retrieved March 27, 2022
- "Eat Bulaga" Miss Millennial Philippines 2019 Grand Coronation Day (TV Episode 2019) (Comedy, Family, Game show, Music), Television and Production Exponents (TAPE), October 25, 2019, retrieved March 27, 2022
- Symone, Annie (July 15, 2019). "Mayor Isko meets Jessica Soho! 1 on 1 interview sa astig na "yorme" ng Maynila". KAMI PH. Retrieved July 15, 2019.
- "PHOTOS: Mayor Isko Moreno on Gandang Gabi Vice". ABS-CBN. ABS-CBN Entertainment. December 2, 2019. Retrieved December 2, 2019.
- Ruiz, Marah (February 1, 2020). "'Bawal Judgmental' ng 'Eat Bulaga,' trending dahil sa kuwento mga OFW na nakaranas ng pang-aabuso". GMA Network. Retrieved February 19, 2020.
- GMA Network [@gmanetwork] (March 11, 2020). "Yorme Isko Moreno, Ed Caluag, nagsanib-puwersa para tuklasin ang misteryo ng Maynila!" (Tweet) (in Tagalog). Retrieved March 11, 2020 – via Twitter.
- 1974 births
- ABS-CBN personalities
- AC with 0 elements
- Aksyon Demokratiko politicians
- Arellano University alumni
- Articles with short description
- CS1 Tagalog-language sources (tl)
- CS1 foreign language sources (ISO 639-2)
- Candidates in the 2022 Philippine presidential election
- Commons category link from Wikidata
- Duterte administration personnel
- Filipino Roman Catholics
- Filipino actor-politicians
- Filipino people of Spanish descent
- GMA Network personalities
- Living people
- Male actors from Manila
- Manila City Council members
- Mayors of Manila
- Nacionalista Party politicians
- National Unity Party (Philippines) politicians
- Official website not in Wikidata
- Pages with non-numeric formatnum arguments
- Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Maynila alumni
- People from Tondo, Manila
- Pwersa ng Masang Pilipino politicians
- Short description is different from Wikidata
- Tagalog people
- That's Entertainment (Philippine TV series)
- That's Entertainment Monday Group Members
- Twitter username different from Wikidata
- Use mdy dates from April 2022
The content of this page is based on the Wikipedia article written by contributors..
The text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike Licence & the media files are available under their respective licenses; additional terms may apply.
Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a non-profit organization & is not affiliated to WikiZ.com.