The hundredweight (abbreviation: cwt), formerly also known as the centum weight or quintal, is a British imperial and US customary unit of weight or mass. Its value differs between the US and British imperial systems. The two values are distinguished in American English as the "short" and "long" hundredweight and in British English as the "cental" and the "imperial hundredweight".
- The short hundredweight or cental of 100 pounds (45.36 kg) is used in the United States.
- The long or imperial hundredweight of 8 stone or 112 pounds (50.80 kg) is defined in the imperial system.
Under both conventions, there are 20 hundredweight in a ton, producing a "short ton" of 2,000 pounds and a "long ton" of 2,240 pounds.
Discover more about Hundredweight related topics
The hundredweight has had many values. In England in around 1300, different "hundreds" (centum in Medieval Latin) were defined. The Weights and Measures Act 1835 formally established the present imperial hundredweight of 112 lb.
The United States and Canada came to use the term "hundredweight" to refer to a unit of 100 lb. This measure was specifically banned from British use—upon risk of being sued for fraud—by the Weights and Measures Act 1824 but in 1879 the measure was legalised under the name "cental" in response to legislative pressure from British merchants importing wheat and tobacco from the United States.
Discover more about History related topics
The short hundredweight is commonly used in the US in the sale of livestock and some cereal grains and oilseeds, paper, and concrete additives and on some commodities in futures exchanges.
A few decades ago, commodities weighed in terms of long hundredweight included cattle, cattle fodder, fertilizers, coal, some industrial chemicals, other industrial materials, and so on. However, since increasing metrication in most English-speaking countries, it is now less used. Church bell ringers use the unit commonly, although church bell manufacturers are increasingly moving over to the metric system.
Older blacksmiths' anvils are often stamped with a three-digit number indicating their total weight in hundredweight, quarter-hundredweight (28 lb, abbreviated qr), and pounds. Thus, an anvil stamped "1.1.8" will weigh 148 lb (112 lb + 28 lb + 8 lb).
The Imperial hundredweight is used as a measure of vehicle weight in the Bailiwick of Guernsey. It was also previously used to indicate the maximum recommended carrying load of vans and trucks, such as the Ford Thames 5 & 7 cwt vans and the 8, 15, 30 and 60 cwt Canadian Military Pattern trucks.
Discover more about Use related topics
In Europe outside British Isles, a centum or quintal was never defined in terms of British units. Instead, it was based on the kilogramme or former customary units. It is usually abbreviated q. It was 50 kg in Germany, 48.95 kg in France, 56 kg in Austria, etc. The unit was phased out or metricized after the introduction of the metric system in the 1790s, being occasionally retained in informal use up to mid-20th century.
Discover more about Europe related topics
Source: "Hundredweight", Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, (2022, September 11th), https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hundredweight.
Get our FREE extension now!
- Avoirdupois system
- The short and long hundred of 100 and 120, respectively
- Hundred, the medieval unit of measure
- Glossary of British ordnance terms#cwt
- ^ "Special Publication 811 (Guide to the SI)". NIST. 3 December 2019. Retrieved 15 February 2020.
- ^ Text of the UK Units of Measurement Regulations 1995 as originally enacted or made within the United Kingdom, from legislation.gov.uk. , which reiterates for hundredweight the Text of the Weights and Measures Act 1985 as in force today (including any amendments) within the United Kingdom, from legislation.gov.uk. .
- ^ Nicholson, Edward (1912). "Chapter VII". Men and measures: a history of weights and measures, ancient and modern.
- ^ Murphy, William J. "Tables for Weights and Measurement: Crops". University of Missouri Extension". Archived from the original on 25 May 2007.
- ^ "Rough Rice Futures - Contract specifications". Agricultural products. CME Group. Retrieved 21 December 2010.
- ^ "Scope, Conventions, Abbreviations, etc". Dove's Guide for Church Bell Ringers. Retrieved 21 December 2010.
- ^ "Turret Bells". Whitechapel Bell Foundry Limited. Retrieved 21 December 2010.
- ^ "Anvils-6: Marked Weight of Anvils". Getting Started in Blacksmithing. Retrieved 15 December 2014.
- ^ "New Thames - 5 & 7 cwt Vans". Archived from the original on 2016-11-14. Retrieved 2 June 2021.
- ^ "The CMP 15 cwt truck".
- ^ "Centa". Croatian Encyclopedia (in Croatian). Retrieved 8 February 2021.
- All articles with dead external links
- All articles with vague or ambiguous time
- Articles with dead external links from July 2022
- Articles with short description
- CS1 Croatian-language sources (hr)
- Customary units of measurement in the United States
- Imperial units
- Short description is different from Wikidata
- Units of mass
- Vague or ambiguous time from July 2022
The content of this page is based on the Wikipedia article written by contributors..
The text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike Licence & the media files are available under their respective licenses; additional terms may apply.
Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a non-profit organization & is not affiliated to WikiZ.com.