HMS Orchis (K76)
Underway in the River Clyde, December 1942
|Builder||Harland and Wolff|
|Laid down||18 June 1940|
|Launched||15 October 1940|
|Completed||29 November 1940|
|Commissioned||29 November 1940|
|Identification||Pennant number: K76|
|Fate||Mined off Juno Beach 21 August 1944|
|Class and type||Flower-class corvette|
|Displacement||925 long tons|
|Length||205 ft (62 m) o/a|
|Beam||33 ft (10 m)|
|Draught||11 ft 6 in (3.51 m)|
|Speed||16 kn (30 km/h)|
|Range||3,500 nmi (6,500 km) at 12 kn (22 km/h)|
|Sensors and |
|Operations:||Battle of the Atlantic|
HMS Orchis was a Flower-class corvette that served in the Royal Navy during World War II.
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North Atlantic trade convoy escort
In March 1941, Orchis was the first ship fitted with the very successful 10-cm wavelength Type 271 radar enabling detection of a surfaced submarine at 5,000 yards (4,600 m) or a submarine periscope at 1,300 yards (1,200 m). Orchis was assigned first to the 4th Escort Group based at Greenock and then to Escort Group B3 of the Mid-Ocean Escort Force through early 1944. Orchis escorted convoy ONS 18 during the battle around this and ON 202.
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Orchis was then assigned to patrol the English Channel, and sank the German submarine U-741 on 15 August 1944. U-741 torpedoed LST-404 of convoy FTM-69 while Orchis was escorting nearby convoy FTC-68. Orchis gained and held sonar contact on U-741 and flooded the forward part of the U-boat with two Hedgehog attacks and two depth charge attacks. One person escaped from the aft torpedo-room hatch of the sunken U-boat, and was rescued by Orchis.
On 21 August 1944, Orchis struck a mine that destroyed the bow back to the 4-inch gun. The damaged ship was beached on Juno Beach and declared a total loss.
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Source: "HMS Orchis (K76)", Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, (2022, December 23rd), https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HMS_Orchis_(K76).
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- ^ a b c McCluskie, Tom (2013). The Rise and Fall of Harland and Wolff. Stroud: The History Press. p. 148. ISBN 9780752488615.
- ^ a b c d e f g Brown (1995), p. 178
- ^ a b Macintyre, Donald, CAPT RN "Shipborne Radar" United States Naval Institute Proceedings September 1967 p. 80
- ^ Rohwer & Hummelchen (1992), p. 89
- ^ Rohwer & Hummelchen (1992), pp. 170, 185, 188, 198, 212, 227, 228, 234, 235, 239, 241 & 259
- ^ Rohwer & Hummelchen (1992), pp. 235–236
- ^ Rohwer & Hummelchen (1992), p. 291
- ^ Blair (1998), p. 613
- ^ Brown (1995), p. 119
- ^ Rohwer & Hummelchen (1992), p. 299
- Blair, Clay (1998). Hitler's U-boat War The Hunted 1942–1945. Random House. ISBN 0-679-45742-9.
- Brown, David (1995) . Warship Losses of World War Two. Naval Institute Press. ISBN 1-55750-914-X.
- Rohwer, Jurgen; Hummelchen, Gerhard (1992) . Chronology of the War at Sea 1939–1945. Naval Institute Press. ISBN 1-55750-105-X.
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