HMCS Shawinigan (MM 704)
HMCS Shawinigan at Rimouski in 2009
|Builder||Halifax Shipyards Ltd., Halifax, Nova Scotia|
|Laid down||26 April 1996|
|Launched||15 November 1996|
|Commissioned||14 June 1997|
|Atlantic, 1942–44; Gulf of St. Lawrence, 1942, 1944|
|Class and type||Kingston-class coastal defence vessel|
|Displacement||970 long tons (990 t)|
|Length||55.3 m (181 ft 5 in)|
|Beam||11.3 m (37 ft 1 in)|
|Draught||3.4 m (11 ft 2 in)|
|Speed||15 knots (28 km/h; 17 mph)|
|Range||5,000 nmi (9,300 km; 5,800 mi) at 8 kn (15 km/h; 9.2 mph)|
|Sensors and |
HMCS Shawinigan is a Kingston-class coastal defence vessel that has served in the Canadian Forces and the Royal Canadian Navy since 1997. Shawinigan is the fifth ship of her class. She is the second vessel to use the designation HMCS Shawinigan. The ship is assigned to Maritime Forces Atlantic (MARLANT) and is homeported at CFB Halifax.
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Design and description
The Kingston class was designed to fill the minesweeper, coastal patrol and reserve training needs of the Canadian Forces, replacing the Bay-class minesweepers, Porte-class gate vessels and Royal Canadian Mounted Police coastal launches in those roles. In order to perform these varied duties the Kingston-class vessels are designed to carry up to three 6.1-metre (20 ft) ISO containers with power hookups on the open deck aft in order to embark mission-specific payloads. The seven module types available for embarkation include four route survey, two mechanical minesweeping and one bottom inspection modules.
The Kingston class displace 970 long tons (990 t) and are 55.3 metres (181 ft 5 in) long overall with a beam 11.3 metres (37 ft 1 in) and a draught of 3.4 metres (11 ft 2 in). The coastal defence vessels are powered by four Jeumont ANR-53-50 alternators coupled to four Wärtsilä UD 23V12 diesel engines creating 7.2 megawatts (9,700 hp). Two LIPS Z-drive azimuth thrusters are driven by two Jeumont CI 560L motors creating 2,200 kilowatts (3,000 hp) and the Z drives can be rotated 360°. This gives the ships a maximum speed of 15 knots (28 km/h; 17 mph) and a range of 5,000 nautical miles (9,300 km; 5,800 mi) at 8 knots (15 km/h; 9.2 mph).
The Kingston class is equipped with a Kelvin Hughes navigational radar using the I band and a Kelvin Hughes 6000 surface search radar scanning the E and F bands. The vessels carry an AN/SQS-511 towed side scan sonar for minesweeping and a Remote-control Mine Hunting System (RMHS). The vessels are equipped with one Bofors 40 mm/60 calibre Mk 5C gun and two M2 machine guns.[a] The 40 mm gun was declared obsolete and removed from the vessels in 2014. Some of them ended up as museum pieces and on display at naval reserve installations across Canada. The Kingston-class coastal defence vessels have a complement of 37.
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Shawinigan was laid down on 26 April 1996 by Halifax Shipyards Ltd. at Halifax, Nova Scotia, and was launched on 15 November 1996. The ship was commissioned into the Canadian Forces on 14 June 1997 at Trois Rivières, Quebec and carries the hull number MM 704. After commissioning she was assigned to Atlantic fleet. On 28 June 1998 Shawinigan took part in the 75th anniversary of the naval reserves at Halifax and was featured on a commemorative stamp issued for the event.
In August 2014, Shawinigan took part in Operation Nanook, an annual joint military exercise performed in northern Canada. During that deployment, Shawinigan set the record for traveling the furthest north of any ship in the history of the Royal Canadian Navy, reaching a maximum latitude of 80 degrees and 28 minutes north. In March 2015, as part of Operation Caribbe, Shawinigan, along with sister ship Goose Bay and the US frigate USS Kauffman, intercepted a vessel in the Caribbean Sea carrying 1,017 kilograms (2,242 lb) of cocaine.
In August 2016, the ship sailed with Moncton to the Arctic to take part in Operation Nanook. Once the operation is over, Shawinigan partnered with the Canadian Coast Guard vessel CCGS Sir Wilfrid Laurier to continue the archaeological examination of the sunken vessel HMS Erebus and to aid in the search for HMS Terror. Shawinigan and Moncton returned to Halifax on 30 September. On 22 January 2019, Shawinigan and sister ship Kingston departed Halifax for operations off West Africa as part of Operation Projection, working with African nations as well as the United States, United Kingdom and France. The vessels returned to Halifax on 26 April.
On 26 January 2020, Shawinigan and Glace Bay departed Halifax as part of Operation Projection off West Africa. Once there, the two vessels took part in two naval exercises Obangame Express and Phoenix Express. Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, their mission was cut short and the vessels were recalled, returning to Halifax on 9 April.
In June 2021, Shawinigan was deployed to the Caribbean under the command of Cdr Bill Sanson as part of Operation Caribbe. On 18 July, the ship seized 675 kg (1,488 lb) of cocaine from a small smuggling vessel, followed by the interception of another small boat on 21 July, capturing 774 kg (1,706 lb). The ship returned to Halifax in August.
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Source: "HMCS Shawinigan (MM 704)", Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, (2023, January 25th), https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HMCS_Shawinigan_(MM_704).
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HMCS Toronto (FFH 333)
Kingston-class coastal defence vessel
HMCS Glace Bay (MM 701)
HMCS Goose Bay
HMCS Calgary (FFH 335)
HMCS Montréal (FFH 336)
HMCS St. John's
HMCS Ville de Québec (FFH 332)
HMCS Winnipeg (FFH 338)
HMCS Brandon (MM 710)
HMCS Moncton (MM 708)
HMCS Nanaimo (MM 702)
HMCS Saskatoon (MM 709)
HMCS Summerside (MM 711)
- ^ Official Lineages.
- ^ a b c d Macpherson & Barrie 2002, p. 299.
- ^ Saunders 2008, p. 95.
- ^ a b Saunders 2004, p. 92.
- ^ Mallett, Peter (17 October 2018). "Big guns find new life". CFB Esquimalt Lookout. Retrieved 31 October 2018.
- ^ a b Macpherson & Barrie 2002, p. 303.
- ^ Pugliese, David (21 August 2014). "Operation NANOOK 14 scenario includes response to grounding of cruise ship". Ottawa Citizen. Retrieved 23 August 2014.
- ^ "Canada, US navies seize 1,000 kg cocaine in Caribbean". Business Standard. 10 March 2015. Retrieved 10 March 2015.
- ^ Pugliese, David (9 March 2015). "HMCS Goose Bay and HMCS Shawinigan take part in drug bust in Caribbean Sea". Ottawa Citizen. Retrieved 10 March 2015.
- ^ "HMC Ships depart for Northern Operations". The Chronicle Herald. Retrieved 25 August 2016.
- ^ Pugliese, David (11 August 2016). "Royal Canadian Navy sending HMCS Shawinigan and HMCS Moncton to Arctic". Ottawa Citizen. Retrieved 25 August 2016.
- ^ Kylie, Aaron (23 August 2016). "Archaeologists to resume search for Sir John Franklin's HMS Terror". Canadian Geographic. Retrieved 25 August 2016.
- ^ "Two navy vessels return to Halifax from Arctic mission". Global News. The Canadian Press. 30 September 2016. Retrieved 2 October 2016.
- ^ Groff, Meghan (22 January 2019). "Navy ships deploy to West Africa". halifaxtoday.com. Retrieved 17 February 2019.
- ^ Draus, Alicia (26 April 2019). "HMCS Kingston and Shawinigan return to Halifax after three-month deployment to Africa". Global News. Retrieved 28 April 2019.
- ^ Quon, Alexander & Maclean, Alexa (26 January 2020). "Crews of HMCS Shawinigan and HMCS Glace Bay bid farewell, deploy to Africa". Global News. Retrieved 20 February 2020.
- ^ Burke, David (6 April 2020). "Canadian Forces calls back ships, cuts missions short due to COVID-19". CBC News. Retrieved 6 April 2020.
- ^ Quon, Alexander (9 April 2020). "Coronavirus: HMCS Shawinigan and HMCS Glace Bay return to Halifax". Global News. Retrieved 5 August 2021.
- ^ Yun, Tom (6 August 2021). "U.S. Coast Guard seizes $1.4B in drugs from multiple ships with help from Canadians". CTV News. Retrieved 7 January 2022.
- Macpherson, Ken; Barrie, Ron (2002). The Ships of Canada's Naval Forces 1910–2002 (Third ed.). St. Catharines, Ontario: Vanwell Publishing. ISBN 1-55125-072-1.
- "Volume 2, Part 1: Extant Commissioned Ships – HMCS Shawinigan". National Defence and the Canadian Forces. 7 July 2006. Retrieved 23 August 2014.
- Saunders, Stephen, ed. (2004). Jane's Fighting Ships 2004–2005 (107 ed.). Alexandria, Virginia: Jane's Information Group Inc. ISBN 0-7106-2623-1.
- Saunders, Stephen, ed. (2008). Jane's Fighting Ships 2008–2009. Jane's Fighting Ships (111th ed.). Surrey: Jane's Information Group Inc. ISBN 978-0-7106-2845-9. OCLC 225431774.
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