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HMCS Moncton (K139)

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HMCS Moncton K139 MC-2631.jpg
HMCS Moncton, circa 1942
History
Canada
NameMoncton
NamesakeMoncton, New Brunswick
Ordered24 January 1940
BuilderSt. John Dry Dock & Shipbuilding Co. Ltd., Saint John
Laid down17 December 1940
Launched11 August 1941
Commissioned24 April 1942
Decommissionedpaid off 12 December 1945
IdentificationPennant number: K139
Motto
  • Resurgam
  • (Latin:"I shall rise again")
Honours and
awards
Atlantic, 1942-1943[1]
FateSold in 1955 to the Netherlands as mercantile Willem Vinke. Scrapped in 1966 at Santander.
General characteristics
Class and typeFlower-class corvette (original)[2]
Displacement925 long tons (940 t; 1,036 short tons)
Length205 ft (62.48 m)o/a
Beam33 ft (10.06 m)
Draught11.5 ft (3.51 m)
Propulsion
  • single shaft
  • 2 × fire tube Scotch boilers
  • 1 × 4-cycle triple-expansion reciprocating steam engine
  • 2,750 ihp (2,050 kW)
Speed16 knots (29.6 km/h)
Range3,500 nautical miles (6,482 km) at 12 knots (22.2 km/h)
Complement85
Sensors and
processing systems
  • 1 × SW1C or 2C radar
  • 1 × Type 123A or Type 127DV sonar
Armament

HMCS Moncton was a Flower-class corvette that served in the Royal Canadian Navy during the Second World War. She served on both coasts of Canada. She is named after Moncton, New Brunswick.

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Flower-class corvette

Flower-class corvette

The Flower-class corvette was a British class of 294 corvettes used during World War II by the Allied navies particularly as anti-submarine convoy escorts in the Battle of the Atlantic. Royal Navy ships of this class were named after flowers.

Corvette

Corvette

A corvette is a small warship. It is traditionally the smallest class of vessel considered to be a proper warship. The warship class above the corvette is that of the frigate, while the class below was historically that of the sloop-of-war.

Royal Canadian Navy

Royal Canadian Navy

The Royal Canadian Navy is the naval force of Canada. The RCN is one of three environmental commands within the Canadian Armed Forces. As of 2021, the RCN operates 12 frigates, four attack submarines, 12 coastal defence vessels, eight patrol class training vessels, two offshore patrol vessels, and several auxiliary vessels. The RCN consists of 8,570 Regular Force and 4,111 Primary Reserve sailors, supported by 3,800 civilians. Vice-Admiral Angus Topshee is the current commander of the Royal Canadian Navy and chief of the Naval Staff.

World War II

World War II

World War II or the Second World War, often abbreviated as WWII or WW2, was a global conflict that lasted from 1939 to 1945. The vast majority of the world's countries, including all of the great powers, fought as part of two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis. Many participants threw their economic, industrial, and scientific capabilities behind this total war, blurring the distinction between civilian and military resources. Aircraft played a major role, enabling the strategic bombing of population centres and the only two nuclear weapons ever used in war.

Canada

Canada

Canada is a country in North America. Its ten provinces and three territories extend from the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific Ocean and northward into the Arctic Ocean, covering over 9.98 million square kilometres, making it the world's second-largest country by total area. Its southern and western border with the United States, stretching 8,891 kilometres (5,525 mi), is the world's longest binational land border. Canada's capital is Ottawa, and its three largest metropolitan areas are Toronto, Montreal, and Vancouver.

Moncton

Moncton

Moncton is the most populous city in the Canadian province of New Brunswick. Situated in the Petitcodiac River Valley, Moncton lies at the geographic centre of the Maritime Provinces. The city has earned the nickname "Hub City" because of its central inland location in the region and its history as a railway and land transportation hub for the Maritimes. As of the 2021 Census, the city had a population of 79,470. The metropolitan population in 2022 was 171,608, making it the fastest growing CMA in Canada for the year with a growth rate of 5.3%. Its land area is 140.67 km2 (54.31 sq mi).

Background

Flower-class corvettes like Moncton serving with the Royal Canadian Navy (RCN) during the Second World War were different from earlier and more traditional sail-driven corvettes.[3][4][5] The "corvette" designation was created by the French as a class of small warships; the Royal Navy borrowed the term for a period but discontinued its use in 1877.[6] During the hurried preparations for war in the late 1930s, Winston Churchill reactivated the corvette class, needing a name for smaller ships used in an escort capacity, in this case based on a whaling ship design.[7] The generic name "flower" was used to designate the class of these ships, which – in the Royal Navy – were named after flowering plants.[8]

Corvettes commissioned by the Royal Canadian Navy during the Second World War were named after communities for the most part, to better represent the people who took part in building them. This idea was put forth by Admiral Percy W. Nelles. Sponsors were commonly associated with the community for which the ship was named. Royal Navy corvettes were designed as open sea escorts, while Canadian corvettes were developed for coastal auxiliary roles which was exemplified by their minesweeping gear. Eventually the Canadian corvettes would be modified to allow them to perform better on the open seas.[9]

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Flower-class corvette

Flower-class corvette

The Flower-class corvette was a British class of 294 corvettes used during World War II by the Allied navies particularly as anti-submarine convoy escorts in the Battle of the Atlantic. Royal Navy ships of this class were named after flowers.

Winston Churchill

Winston Churchill

Sir Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill was a British statesman, soldier, and writer who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom twice, from 1940 to 1945 during the Second World War, and again from 1951 to 1955. Apart from two years between 1922 and 1924, he was a Member of Parliament (MP) from 1900 to 1964 and represented a total of five constituencies. Ideologically an economic liberal and imperialist, he was for most of his career a member of the Conservative Party, which he led from 1940 to 1955. He was a member of the Liberal Party from 1904 to 1924.

Percy W. Nelles

Percy W. Nelles

Admiral Percy Walker Nelles, was a flag officer in the Royal Canadian Navy (RCN) and the Chief of the Naval Staff from 1 January 1934 to 15 January 1944. He oversaw the massive wartime expansion of the RCN and the transformation of Canada into a major player in the Battle of the Atlantic. During his tenure U-boats raided the Gulf of St. Lawrence, Canadian Northwest Atlantic command was created, and the RCN provided up to 40% of all escort forces in the North Atlantic. His handling of the RCN's war effort had its opponents however, and he was removed from his post as Chief of the Naval Staff in January 1944. He was sent to London as Overseas Naval Attaché, coordinating RCN operations for Operation Overlord. He retired in January 1945 as a full admiral.

Construction

She was ordered on 24 January 1940 as part of the 1939-1940 Flower-class building program. She was laid down bym St. John Dry Dock & Shipbuilding Co. Ltd. at Saint John on 17 December 1940 and was launched on 11 August 1941. She commissioned into the RCN on 24 April 1942 at Saint John.[10] Moncton was the last of the RCN's original 64 Flower-class orders to be completed and her construction had been significantly delayed due to heavy demands on her builder for priority repair work on war-damaged ships.[11]

Wartime service

Following her commissioning, Moncton sailed to Halifax and was assigned to Atlantic Coast Command (AT) but unallocated as she was fitting out and performing sea trials for the remainder of April. In May she began work-ups with her new crew out of Halifax and she joined the RCN's Atlantic Fleet on 12 May 1942. Another highlight for Moncton in 1942 was conducting training with (an as yet anonymous) British submarine off Halifax.

From June 1942 to June 1943, Moncton was tasked to Western Local Escort Force (WLEF) for convoy escort operations. In June 1943, WLEF was divided into separate escort groups and Moncton was tasked to EG W5 (HQ in Halifax) during June–July. Moncton collided with merchant Jamaica Producer on 28 July 1943. From August–September 1943 Moncton underwent repairs at Dartmouth Marine Slips, Dartmouth. She returned to EG W5 and operated in convoy escort operations from October–December.

Moncton was transferred to the RCN's Pacific Fleet in January 1944 and departed for Esquimalt, via Guantánamo Bay, Cristóbal, Balboa and San Pedro. Upon her arrival, she was tasked to the Esquimalt Force (unallocated) and underwent an extensive refit at Vancouver from 5 May - 7 July 1944 where her forecastle was extended and she was brought into line with the modified Flower-class design. From July 1944 to December 1945 she was tasked to Pacific Coast Command (unallocated).

Following V-J Day, she was placed in reserve status at Esquimalt and decommissioned from the RCN on 12 December 1945, the last of the first batch of Flower class corvettes to serve the Navy as an active warship.[11]

Trans-Atlantic convoys escorted

Convoy Escort Group Dates Notes
SC.87 WLEF June 12–15, 1942[12] 42 ships escorted without loss from Sydney, NS to Liverpool UK
ON.103 WLEF June 12–26, 1942[13] 52 ships escorted from Liverpool UK to Boston USA, Moncton joined the escort on June 21
SC.90 WLEF July 3–16, 1942[12] 34 ships escorted from Sydney NS to Liverpool UK, Moncton on escort from July 3–6
ON.109 WLEF July 3–18, 1942[13] 28 ships escorted from Liverpool UK to Halifax NS, Moncton joined the escort from July 11–16
SC.93 WLEF July 24–August 7, 1942[12] 45 ships escorted from Sydney NS to Liverpool UK, Moncton joined escort from July 24–26
ON.114 WLEF July 19–dispersal, 1942[13] 32 ships escorted from Liverpool UK to dispersal. Moncton joined escort from July 30 to August 8 for Halifax bound ships
BX.32? WLEF August 5–8, 1942 Boston USA to Halifax NS. Conflicting information, though Moncton is not listed in Arnold Hague's database for this convoy, escort only possible if the remainder of ON.114 joined BX.32 before arrival in Halifax.
BX.32B n/a n/a Convoy itself is missing from Arnold Hague's database
BX.35 WLEF August 26–28, 1942 Boston USA to Halifax NS
HX.203 WLEF August 16–28, 1942[14] 39 ships escorted Halifax NS to Liverpool UK

Convoy list

This is a list of the convoys that Moncton escorted:

  • Convoy ON.114 (Jul 1942: Liverpool - Dispersed)
  • Convoy BX.32 (Aug 1942: Boston - Halifax)
  • Convoy BX.32B (Aug 1942: Boston - Halifax)
  • Convoy BX.35 (Aug 1942: Boston - Halifax)
  • Convoy HX.203 (Aug 1942: Halifax - Liverpool)
  • Convoy ON.121 (12 Aug 1942: Liverpool - Dispersed)
  • Convoy BX.35B (Aug 1942: Boston - Halifax)
  • Convoy ON.127 (Sep 1942: Liverpool - NYC)
  • Convoy SC.99 (Sep 1942: Halifax - Liverpool)
  • Convoy ON.128 (Sep 1942: Liverpool - NYC)
  • Convoy SC.103 (Sep 1942: NYC - Liverpool)
  • Convoy ON.135 (Oct 1942: Liverpool - NYC)
  • Convoy ON.137 (Oct 1942: Liverpool - NYC)
  • Convoy ON.142 (Oct 1942: Liverpool - NYC)
  • Convoy SC.108 (Nov 1942: NYC - Liverpool)
  • Convoy HX.214 (Nov 1942: NYC - Liverpool)
  • Convoy ON.145 (Nov 1942: Liverpool - NYC)
  • Convoy ON.150 (Dec 1942: Liverpool - NYC)
  • Convoy SC.112 (Dec 1942: NYC - Liverpool)
  • Convoy HX.218 (Dec 1942: NYC - Liverpool)
  • Convoy HX.221 (Dec 1942: NYC - Liverpool)
  • Convoy HX.222 (Jan 1943: NYC - Liverpool)
  • Convoy ON.158 (Jan 1943: Liverpool - NYC)
  • Convoy ON.160 (Jan 1943: Liverpool - NYC)
  • Convoy HX.226 (Feb 1943: NYC - Liverpool)
  • Convoy ON.167 (Feb 1943: Liverpool - NYC)
  • Convoy SC.120 (Feb 1943: NYC - Liverpool)
  • Convoy ON.174 (Mar 1943: Liverpool - NYC)
  • Convoy SC.124 (Mar 1943: NYC - Liverpool)
  • Convoy BX.44 (Apr 1943: Boston - Halifax)
  • Convoy BX.46 (Apr 1943: Boston - Halifax)
  • Convoy XB.48 (Apr 1943: Halifax - Boston)
  • Convoy XB.44 (Apr 1943: Halifax - Boston)
  • Convoy XB.46 (Apr 1943: Halifax - Boston)
  • Convoy BX.44 (Apr 1943: Boston - Halifax)
  • Convoy BX.46 (Apr 1943: Boston - Halifax)
  • Convoy XB.44 (Apr 1943: Halifax - Boston)
  • Convoy XB.46 (Apr 1943: Halifax - Boston)
  • Convoy BX.48 (May 1943: Boston - Halifax)
  • Convoy XB.55 (May 1943: Halifax - Boston)
  • Convoy BX.48 (May 1943: Boston - Halifax)
  • Convoy ONS.7 (May 1943: Liverpool - Halifax)
  • Convoy SC.130 (May 1943: Halifax - Liverpool)
  • Convoy ON.190 (Jun 1943: Liverpool - NYC)
  • Convoy ONS.10 (Jun 1943: Liverpool - Halifax)
  • Convoy SC.133 (Jun 1943: Halifax - Liverpool)
  • Convoy XB.60 (Jun 1943: Halifax - Cape Cod Canal)
  • Convoy ON.193 (Jul 1943: Liverpool - NYC)
  • Convoy HX.248 (Jul 1943: NYC - Liverpool)
  • Convoy ON.210 (Nov 1943: Liverpool - NYC)
  • Convoy HX.269 (Dec 1943: NYC - Liverpool)
  • Convoy ON.214 (Dec 1943: Liverpool - NYC)

The information for the convoys was obtained from two of the links below:
www.convoyweb.org.uk/ and www.warsailors.com

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Western Local Escort Force

Western Local Escort Force

Western Local Escort Force (WLEF) referred to the organization of anti-submarine escorts for World War II trade convoys from North American port cities to the Western Ocean Meeting Point near Newfoundland where ships of the Mid-Ocean Escort Force (MOEF) assumed responsibility for safely delivering the convoys to the British Isles.

Dartmouth, Nova Scotia

Dartmouth, Nova Scotia

Dartmouth is an urban community and former city located in the Halifax Regional Municipality of Nova Scotia, Canada. Dartmouth is located on the eastern shore of Halifax Harbour. Dartmouth has been nicknamed the City of Lakes, after the large number of lakes located within its boundaries.

Guantánamo Bay

Guantánamo Bay

Guantánamo Bay is a bay in Guantánamo Province at the southeastern end of Cuba. It is the largest harbor on the south side of the island and it is surrounded by steep hills which create an enclave that is cut off from its immediate hinterland.

Cristóbal, Colón

Cristóbal, Colón

Cristóbal is a port town and corregimiento in Colón District, Colón Province, Panama. The corregimiento has a population of 49,422 as of 2010. The town is located on the western edge of Manzanillo Island, on the Atlantic side of the Panama Canal. Cristóbal Colón is the Spanish translation for Christopher Columbus, the Genovese explorer for whom these places were named.

Balboa, Panama

Balboa, Panama

Balboa is a district of Panama City, located at the Pacific entrance to the Panama Canal.

Vancouver

Vancouver

Vancouver is a major city in western Canada, located in the Lower Mainland region of British Columbia. As the most populous city in the province, the 2021 Canadian census recorded 662,248 people in the city, up from 631,486 in 2016. The Greater Vancouver area had a population of 2.6 million in 2021, making it the third-largest metropolitan area in Canada. Greater Vancouver, along with the Fraser Valley, comprises the Lower Mainland with a regional population of over 3 million. Vancouver has the highest population density in Canada, with over 5,700 people per square kilometre, and fourth highest in North America.

Forecastle

Forecastle

The forecastle is the upper deck of a sailing ship forward of the foremast, or, historically, the forward part of a ship with the sailors' living quarters. Related to the latter meaning is the phrase "before the mast" which denotes anything related to ordinary sailors, as opposed to a ship's officers.

Civilian service

Moncton was sold by Crown Assets in 1955 into mercantile service and was re-flagged under the Netherlands as the whaling ship Willem Vinke, 718 GRT.[15] She was scrapped September in 1966 at Santander, Cantabria, Spain by Recuparciones Submarinas S.A.[10][11][15]

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Netherlands

Netherlands

The Netherlands, informally Holland, is a country located in Northwestern Europe with overseas territories in the Caribbean. It is the largest of four constituent countries of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. The Netherlands consists of twelve provinces; it borders Germany to the east, and Belgium to the south, with a North Sea coastline to the north and west. It shares maritime borders with the United Kingdom, Germany and Belgium in the North Sea. The country's official language is Dutch, with West Frisian as a secondary official language in the province of Friesland. Dutch, English and Papiamento are official in the Caribbean territories.

Gross register tonnage

Gross register tonnage

Gross register tonnage or gross registered tonnage, is a ship's total internal volume expressed in "register tons", each of which is equal to 100 cubic feet (2.83 m3). Replaced by Gross Tonnage (GT), gross register tonnage uses the total permanently enclosed capacity of the vessel as its basis for volume. Typically this is used for dockage fees, canal transit fees, and similar purposes where it is appropriate to charge based on the size of the entire vessel. Internationally, GRT may be abbreviated as BRT for the German "Bruttoregistertonne".

Spain

Spain

Spain, or the Kingdom of Spain, is a country primarily located in southwestern Europe with parts of territory in the Atlantic Ocean and across the Mediterranean Sea. The largest part of Spain is situated on the Iberian Peninsula; its territory also includes the Canary Islands in the Atlantic Ocean, the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean Sea, and the autonomous cities of Ceuta and Melilla in Africa. The country's mainland is bordered to the south by Gibraltar; to the south and east by the Mediterranean Sea; to the north by France, Andorra and the Bay of Biscay; and to the west by Portugal and the Atlantic Ocean. With an area of 505,990 km2 (195,360 sq mi), Spain is the second-largest country in the European Union (EU) and, with a population exceeding 47.4 million, the fourth-most populous EU member state. Spain's capital and largest city is Madrid; other major urban areas include Barcelona, Valencia, Seville, Zaragoza, Málaga, Murcia, Palma de Mallorca, Las Palmas de Gran Canaria and Bilbao.

Source: "HMCS Moncton (K139)", Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, (2023, January 25th), https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HMCS_Moncton_(K139).

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Notes
  1. ^ "Battle Honours". Britain's Navy. Retrieved 20 August 2013.
  2. ^ Colledge, J. J.; Warlow, Ben (2006) [1969]. Ships of the Royal Navy: The Complete Record of all Fighting Ships of the Royal Navy (Rev. ed.). London: Chatham Publishing. p. 184. ISBN 978-1-86176-281-8.
  3. ^ Ossian, Robert. "Complete List of Sailing Vessels". The Pirate King. Retrieved 13 April 2011.
  4. ^ Fitzsimons, Bernard, ed. (1978). The Illustrated Encyclopedia of 20th Century Weapons & Warfare. Vol. 11. London: Phoebus. pp. 1137–1142.
  5. ^ Jane's Fighting Ships of World War II. New Jersey: Random House. 1996. p. 68. ISBN 0-517-67963-9.
  6. ^ Blake, Nicholas; Lawrence, Richard (2005). The Illustrated Companion to Nelson's Navy. Stackpole Books. pp. 39–63. ISBN 0-8117-3275-4.
  7. ^ Chesneau, Roger; Gardiner, Robert (June 1980). Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships 1922-1946. Naval Institute Press. p. 62. ISBN 0-87021-913-8.
  8. ^ Milner, Marc (1985). North Atlantic Run. Naval Institute Press. pp. 117–119, 142–145, 158, 175–176, 226, 235, 285–291. ISBN 0-87021-450-0.
  9. ^ Macpherson, Ken; Milner, Marc (1993). Corvettes of the Royal Canadian Navy 1939-1945. St. Catharines: Vanwell Publishing. ISBN 1-55125-052-7.
  10. ^ a b "HMCS Moncton (K 139)". Uboat.net. Retrieved 20 August 2013.
  11. ^ a b c Macpherson, Ken; Burgess, John (1981). The ships of Canada's naval forces 1910-1981 : a complete pictorial history of Canadian warships. Toronto: Collins. pp. 80, 231–232. ISBN 0-00216-856-1.
  12. ^ a b c "SC Convoys". Arnold Hague Convoy Database. Retrieved 5 August 2016.
  13. ^ a b c "ON Convoys". Arnold Hague Convoy Database. Retrieved 5 August 2016.
  14. ^ "HX Convoys". Arnold Hague Convoy Database. Retrieved 5 August 2016.
  15. ^ a b "Moncton (5390034)". Miramar Ship Index. Retrieved 13 July 2016.
References

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