HMCS Mayflower, circa 1942
|Ordered||20 January 1940|
|Builder||Canadian Vickers Ltd. Montreal, Quebec|
|Laid down||20 February 1940|
|Launched||3 July 1940|
|Commissioned||28 November 1940|
|Out of service||15 May 1941 - loaned to Canada|
|Identification||Pennant number: K191|
|Fate||Loaned to Canada 1941; returned 1945; scrapped 1949|
|Acquired||Loaned from Royal Navy|
|Commissioned||15 May 1941|
|Out of service||31 May 1945|
|Identification||Pennant number: K191|
|Atlantic 1941-43; Normandy 1944; English Channel 1945|
|Fate||Returned to the Royal Navy 31 May 1945|
|Class and type||Flower-class corvette (original)|
|Displacement||925 long tons (940 t; 1,036 short tons)|
|Length||205 ft (62.48 m)o/a|
|Beam||33 ft (10.06 m)|
|Draught||11.5 ft (3.51 m)|
|Speed||16 knots (29.6 km/h)|
|Range||3,500 nautical miles (6,482 km) at 12 knots (22.2 km/h)|
|Sensors and |
HMCS Mayflower was a Flower-class corvette that served mainly in the Royal Canadian Navy during the Second World War but began her service with the Royal Navy. She saw action primarily in the Battle of the Atlantic as an ocean escort. She was named after the flowering plant Maianthemum canadense.
Discover more about HMCS Mayflower related topics
Flower-class corvettes like Mayflower serving with the Royal Canadian Navy during the Second World War were different from earlier and more traditional sail-driven corvettes. The "corvette" designation was created by the French as a class of small warships; the Royal Navy borrowed the term for a period but discontinued its use in 1877. During the hurried preparations for war in the late 1930s, Winston Churchill reactivated the corvette class, needing a name for smaller ships used in an escort capacity, in this case based on a whaling ship design. The generic name "flower" was used to designate the class of these ships, which – in the Royal Navy – were named after flowering plants.
Mayflower was ordered 20 January 1940 for the Royal Navy as part of the 1939-1940 Flower-class building program. She was laid down on 20 February 1940 by Canadian Vickers Ltd. at Montreal and was launched on 3 July 1940. She was commissioned on 28 November 1940 and sailed to the United Kingdom in February 1941 for completion on the Tyne River in May. On 15 May 1941 Mayflower was one of ten corvettes loaned to Canada. She could be told apart from other Canadian Flowers by her lack of minesweeping gear and the siting of the after gun tub amidships.
During her career, Mayflower had three significant refits. The first took place at Charleston, South Carolina from 9 December 1941 until February 1942. Her second major refit took place from 29 October 1942 until 11 January 1943 at Pictou, Nova Scotia. Mayflower's final refit was done at Norfolk, Virginia from 29 November 1943 to 14 February 1944. During this refit, she had her fo'c'sle extended.
Discover more about Construction related topics
After workups, Mayflower had a brief period under Royal Navy command. She was assigned to escort group EG 4 before being transferred to the Royal Canadian Navy.
After her transferral, Mayflower was assigned to Newfoundland Command in June 1941. With this force, she escorted convoys from St. John's to Iceland for the rest of the year with escort groups 19N and N16. In her first month with the group, she was escorting convoy SC 44 when one of the other escorts, HMCS Levis was torpedoed. Mayflower evacuated all non-essential personnel from the derelict ship except for the damage-control party. On 2 October 1941, Mayflower picked up 35 survivors from the British tanker San Florentino that was torpedoed and sunk by the German submarine U-94.
After returning from refit in early 1942, she was deployed as an ocean escort under Mid-Ocean Escort Force (MOEF) command on convoys between St. John's and Derry. She continued performing this duty until April 1944. Mayflower was initially assigned to escort group A-3 in April 1942, but was transferred to C-3 in February 1943.
In April 1944 she was assigned to Western Approaches Command to take part in Operation Neptune, the naval aspect of the invasion of Normandy. On 31 May 1944, she set out to escort the blockships from Oban, which would become part of the beachhead after D-day. After the invasion, Mayflower spent the rest of the war in the waters around the United Kingdom. She was returned to the Royal Navy 31 May 1945.
Trans-Atlantic convoys escorted
|HX 136||30 June-13 July 1941||Newfoundland to Iceland|
|HX 143||8-17 Aug 1941||Newfoundland to Iceland|
|ON 8||21-25 Aug 1941||Iceland to Newfoundland|
|SC 44||14-22 Sept 1941||Newfoundland to Iceland|
|ON 19||27 Sept-6 Oct 1941||Iceland to Newfoundland|
|SC 49||13-22 Oct 1941||Newfoundland to Iceland|
|ON 29||28 Oct-11 Nov 1941||Iceland to Newfoundland|
|SC 55||19 Nov-1 Dec 1941||Newfoundland to Iceland|
|ON 42||7-14 Dec 1941||Iceland to Newfoundland|
|SC 71||22-25 Feb 1942||Newfoundland to Iceland|
|HX 177||1–8 March 1942||Newfoundland to Northern Ireland|
|ON 77||18–25 March 1942||Northern Ireland to Newfoundland|
|HX 184||12–20 April 1942||Newfoundland to Northern Ireland|
|ON 91||2–11 May 1942||Northern Ireland to Newfoundland|
|HX 190||MOEF group A3||20–27 May 1942||Newfoundland to Northern Ireland|
|ON 102||MOEF group A3||10–21 June 1942||Northern Ireland to Newfoundland|
|HX 196||MOEF group A3||2–10 July 1942||Newfoundland to Northern Ireland|
|ON 114||MOEF group A3||20–30 July 1942||Northern Ireland to Newfoundland|
|SC 95||MOEF group A3||8-18 Aug 1942||Newfoundland to Northern Ireland|
|ON 125||MOEF group A3||29 Aug-7 Sept 1942||Northern Ireland to Newfoundland|
|SC 100||MOEF group A3||16-28 Sept 1942||Newfoundland to Northern Ireland|
|ON 135||MOEF group A3||3-15 Oct 1942||Northern Ireland to Newfoundland|
|Convoy SC 118||WLEF||27-31 Jan 1943||Halifax to Newfoundland|
|HX 226||MOEF group C3||14-17 Feb 1943||Newfoundland to Northern Ireland|
|ON 172||MOEF group C3||10–21 March 1943||Northern Ireland to Newfoundland|
|SC 124||MOEF group C3||26 March-6 April 1943||Newfoundland to Northern Ireland|
|ON 180||MOEF group C3||25 April-7 May 1943||Northern Ireland to Newfoundland|
|HX 238||MOEF group C3||13–21 May 1943||Newfoundland to Northern Ireland|
|ON 187||2–10 June 1943||Northern Ireland to Newfoundland|
|HX 244||20–29 June 1943||Newfoundland to Northern Ireland|
|ON 192||10–18 July 1943||Northern Ireland to Newfoundland|
|ONS 16||21-29 Aug 1943||Northern Ireland to Newfoundland|
|HX 255||8-15 Sept 1943||Newfoundland to Northern Ireland|
|ONS 19||27 Sept-9 Oct 1943||Northern Ireland to Newfoundland|
|HX 261||17-25 Oct 1943||Newfoundland to Northern Ireland|
|ON 210||7-17 Nov 1943||Northern Ireland to Newfoundland|
|ONS 22||WLEF||22 Nov 1943||Newfoundland to Halifax|
|ON 211||WLEF||26-29 Nov 1943||Newfoundland to Halifax|
Discover more about War service related topics
After her return to the Royal Navy, Mayflower was laid up at Grangemouth. She was sold for scrapping on 20 September 1949 and broken up at Inverkeithing.
Source: "HMCS Mayflower", Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, (2023, January 25th), https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HMCS_Mayflower.
Get our FREE extension now!
- ^ "Battle Honours". Britain's Navy. Retrieved 18 August 2013.
- ^ Colledge, J. J.; Warlow, Ben (2006) . Ships of the Royal Navy: The Complete Record of all Fighting Ships of the Royal Navy (Rev. ed.). London: Chatham Publishing. p. 184. ISBN 978-1-86176-281-8.
- ^ Ossian, Robert. "Complete List of Sailing Vessels". The Pirate King. Retrieved 13 April 2011.
- ^ Fitzsimons, Bernard, ed. (1978). The Illustrated Encyclopedia of 20th Century Weapons & Warfare. Vol. 11. London: Phoebus. pp. 1137–1142.
- ^ Jane's Fighting Ships of World War II. New Jersey: Random House. 1996. p. 68. ISBN 0-517-67963-9.
- ^ Blake, Nicholas; Lawrence, Richard (2005). The Illustrated Companion to Nelson's Navy. Stackpole Books. pp. 39–63. ISBN 0-8117-3275-4.
- ^ Chesneau, Roger; Gardiner, Robert (June 1980). Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships 1922-1946. Naval Institute Press. p. 62. ISBN 0-87021-913-8.
- ^ Milner, Marc (1985). North Atlantic Run. Naval Institute Press. pp. 117–119, 142–145, 158, 175–176, 226, 235, 285–291. ISBN 0-87021-450-0.
- ^ a b "HMCS Mayflower (K 191)". Uboat.net. Retrieved 18 August 2013.
- ^ a b c d e f Macpherson, Ken; Burgess, John (1981). The ships of Canada's naval forces 1910-1981 : a complete pictorial history of Canadian warships. Toronto: Collins. pp. 80, 231–232. ISBN 0-00216-856-1.
- ^ Macpherson, Ken; Milner, Marc (1993). Corvettes of the Royal Canadian Navy 1939-1945. St. Catharines: Vanwell Publishing. ISBN 0-92027-783-7.
- ^ German, Tony (1990). The Sea is at our Gates : The History of the Canadian Navy. Toronto: McClelland and Stewart Inc. pp. 108. ISBN 0-7710-3269-2.
- ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "HX convoys". Andrew Hague Convoy Database. Retrieved 19 June 2011.
- ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s "ON convoys". Andrew Hague Convoy Database. Retrieved 19 June 2011.
- ^ a b c d e f g h "SC convoys". Andrew Hague Convoy Database. Retrieved 19 June 2011.
- ^ "Mayflower (6111299)". Miramar Ship Index. Retrieved 13 July 2016.
The content of this page is based on the Wikipedia article written by contributors..
The text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike Licence & the media files are available under their respective licenses; additional terms may apply.
Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a non-profit organization & is not affiliated to WikiZ.com.