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Green Party of California

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Green Party of California
FoundedFebruary 4, 1990; 32 years ago (1990-02-04)[1]
Membership (2022)96,229[2]
Ideology
Political positionLeft-wing
National affiliationGreen Party of the United States
Seats in the US Senate
0 / 2
Seats in the US House
0 / 53
Statewide Executive Offices
0 / 8
Seats in the State Senate
0 / 40
Seats in the State Assembly
0 / 80
Elected officials29 (2022)[3]
Website
www.cagreens.org

The Green Party of California (GPCA) is the California affiliate of the Green Party of the United States, founded in 1990.[1]

The party is ballot-qualified,[4] with 96,229 people registered in the party[2] and it espouses green politics and the Ten Key Values of ecological wisdom, grassroots democracy, social justice, nonviolence, decentralization, community-based economics, feminism, respect for diversity, personal and global responsibility, and sustainability.[5] The key values of decentralization, grassroots democracy, and feminism influence the party's structure of being composed of autonomous county parties,[6][7] GPCA decisions being determined by General Assemblies of delegates from the county parties,[8] and Coordinating Committees' composition being determined by yearly, staggered-term elections of six women and six of any gender.[9] Party membership is possible for California residents who are denied the right to vote by the state in California or the U.S. federal state, provided they affirm the Ten Key Values, and meet other criteria.[10]

The three counties in which the party has the most people registered are Los Angeles (24,442),[11] San Diego (7,765),[12] and Alameda counties (5,628).[13] The counties in which the party has the highest percentages of the county's registrations are Humboldt (1.68%), Mendocino (1.51%), and Trinity counties (1.05%).[14] The party's most recent General Assembly was held by video teleconference on November 12, 2022.[15] Laura Wells and David Cobb are currently the party's official spokespeople.[16]

Discover more about Green Party of California related topics

California

California

California is a state in the Western United States, located along the Pacific Coast. With nearly 39.2 million residents across a total area of approximately 163,696 square miles (423,970 km2), it is the most populous U.S. state and the 3rd largest by area. It is also the most populated subnational entity in North America and the 34th most populous in the world. The Greater Los Angeles area and the San Francisco Bay Area are the nation's second and fifth most populous urban regions respectively, with the former having more than 18.7 million residents and the latter having over 9.6 million. Sacramento is the state's capital, while Los Angeles is the most populous city in the state and the second most populous city in the country. San Francisco is the second most densely populated major city in the country. Los Angeles County is the country's most populous, while San Bernardino County is the largest county by area in the country. California borders Oregon to the north, Nevada and Arizona to the east, the Mexican state of Baja California to the south; and has a coastline along the Pacific Ocean to the west.

Green politics

Green politics

Green politics, or ecopolitics, is a political ideology that aims to foster an ecologically sustainable society often, but not always, rooted in environmentalism, nonviolence, social justice and grassroots democracy. It began taking shape in the western world in the 1970s; since then Green parties have developed and established themselves in many countries around the globe and have achieved some electoral success.

Ecosophy

Ecosophy

Ecosophy or ecophilosophy is a philosophy of ecological harmony or equilibrium. The term was coined by the French post-structuralist philosopher and psychoanalyst Félix Guattari and the Norwegian father of deep ecology, Arne Næss.

Grassroots democracy

Grassroots democracy

Grassroots democracy is a tendency towards designing political processes that shift as much decision-making authority as practical to the organization's lowest geographic or social level of organization.

Decentralization

Decentralization

Decentralization or decentralisation is the process by which the activities of an organization, particularly those regarding planning and decision making, are distributed or delegated away from a central, authoritative location or group.

Community-based economics

Community-based economics

Community-based economics or community economics is an economic system that encourages local substitution. It is similar to the lifeways of those practicing voluntary simplicity, including traditional Mennonite, Amish, and modern eco-village communities. It is also a subject in urban economics, related to moral purchasing and local purchasing.

Feminism

Feminism

Feminism is a range of socio-political movements and ideologies that aim to define and establish the political, economic, personal, and social equality of the sexes. Feminism incorporates the position that society prioritizes the male point of view and that women are treated unjustly in these societies. Efforts to change this include fighting against gender stereotypes and establishing educational, professional, and interpersonal opportunities and outcomes for women that are equal to those for men.

Government of California

Government of California

The government of California is the governmental structure of the U.S. state of California as established by the California Constitution. California uses the separation of powers system to structure its government. It is composed of three branches: the executive, consisting of the Governor of California and the other constitutionally elected and appointed officers and offices; the legislative, consisting of the California State Legislature, which includes the Assembly and the Senate; and the judicial, consisting of the Supreme Court of California and lower courts. There is also local government, consisting of counties, cities, special districts, and school districts, as well as government entities and offices that operate independently on a constitutional, statutory, or common law basis. The state also allows direct participation of the electorate by initiative, referendum, recall and ratification.

Federal government of the United States

Federal government of the United States

The federal government of the United States is the national government of the United States, a federal republic located primarily in North America, composed of 50 states, a city within a federal district, five major self-governing territories and several island possessions. The federal government, sometimes simply referred to as Washington, is composed of three distinct branches: legislative, executive, and judicial, whose powers are vested by the U.S. Constitution in the Congress, the president and the federal courts, respectively. The powers and duties of these branches are further defined by acts of Congress, including the creation of executive departments and courts inferior to the Supreme Court.

Alameda County, California

Alameda County, California

Alameda County is a county located in the U.S. state of California. As of the 2020 census, the population was 1,682,353, making it the 7th-most populous county in the state and 21st most populous nationally. The county seat is Oakland. Alameda County is in the San Francisco Bay Area, occupying much of the East Bay region.

Humboldt County, California

Humboldt County, California

Humboldt County is a county located in the U.S. state of California. As of the 2020 census, the population was 136,463. The county seat is Eureka.

David Cobb (activist)

David Cobb (activist)

David Keith Cobb is an American political activist who was the Green Party presidential candidate for the 2004 election. Cobb later became the campaign manager for fellow Green Jill Stein for her presidential run in 2016.

History

Ballot Access

The party mobilized in 1991 to have registrations of over 83,000 people in the party[17] to meet the threshold of 1% of the vote in the previous general election (78,992 registrations), and thereby secured ballot-access.[18] To maintain qualified status in California, a party must have registered at least 1/15 of 1 percent (0.067%) of the number of the total registered in the state; and either have had a statewide candidate in the party receiving at least 2% of the vote in the most recent gubernatorial primary, or have at least 0.33 percent of the total number of voters registered.[19] The party has met the legal standards to keep continuous ballot access in California since 1992.[20]

The party's electoral qualification based on registration numbers was threatened soon after it's start and secured since then. After the November 1994 election, the number of people that were required to be registered in a party for it to maintain ballot access, by that criteria alone, rose to 89,007, and in January, 1995 Green registrations had dropped to 78,597. However, Green party member Margaret Garcia received 315,079 votes in the secretary of state election, 3.8% of the total,[21] surpassing the 2 percent threshold necessary to retain statewide ballot status. Had Garcia not received the total she did, the Green Party of California would have lost its ballot status. The party finally met the registrations requirement in September 1996, competing in the November general election with 95,080 registrations,[22] and has met the registration requirements since.

The party has had electoral results that could maintain the party's ballot access, in every election since first qualifying for the ballot. In California's 2018 primaries, Green candidate Mike Feinstein received 136,726 votes in the secretary of state election, 2.1% of the total.[23] In California's 2022 primaries, multiple Green candidates received votes over the 2 percent threshold. Gary Blenner, running in the secretary of state election, received 205,630 votes, 3.0% of the total; Laura Wells, running in the state controller election, received 258,053 votes, 3.8% of the total; and Dan Kapelovitz, running in the attorney general election, received 219,912 votes, 3.2% of the total.[24] These candidates were part of an intentional, ballot-access, cooperative strategy of endorsing a slate together with the Peace and Freedom Party, in continuation of the Howie Hawkins 2020 presidential campaign's attempt for "left unity."[25]

As of October 24, 2022, the party still meets all qualification standards, with 96,229 registered party members accounting for 0.44 percent of registered voters in California.[2]

Notable Campaigns

In 1996 Arcata, California, a city with a population of about 17,000, became the first city ever to have a Green majority on the city council, with three of five seats.[26] Greens controlled the council from 1996–1998 and again from 2004-2006.

In the 2000s Gayle McLaughlin won elections as city councilor and mayor in Richmond, California, running with the Green Party designation.

During the 2016 presidential election, California Green registrations dropped 30%, from nearly 110,000[27] to 78,604.[28] Party spokesperson Mike Feinstein stated that "the Sanders campaign is absolutely destroying us,"[29] alleging that the Sanders campaign targeted Greens with mailers.[30] Thousands of California Greens decided to support Bernie Sanders' bid for the Democratic party presidential nomination, necessitating re-registration either into the Democratic party, or with No Party Preference (NPP), to vote for Sanders. Green mayor Gayle McLaughlin re-registered with NPP to vote for Sanders.[31] The Peace and Freedom Party (PFP) in California saw a similar registration drop-off.[32] The lowest point for the GPCA was around California's primary elections in June, and by the end of the general election, the GPCA's registrations rose back to 94,647 people, and the PFP rose back to original levels, also.[33]

Jill Stein 2016 campaign staffer Bruce Dixon wrote that Sanders was a sheepdog candidate,[34] i.e. a candidate that dissuades people from politics outside of certain parties (the Democratic party in this case),[35][36][37][38][39] in favor of party politics within those parties,[40][41] despite the parties being opposed to the candidate's cause.[42][43][44][45][46] This results in lacking of parties and lacking of elections of candidates that would advance the sheepdog's politics;[47] and also results in captive constituencies[48][49] that feel compelled to support candidates that they deem the lessers of two evils.[50][51] Sheepdogs may advocate their strategy before exiting the electoral contest, which could occur because of disqualification (including unsuccessful primary elections), or retraction of candidacy, as was advocated by Sanders before his 2016 disqualification.[52][53][54][55] Stein more than tripled her nationwide vote count, compared to the 2012 result, up to 1,457,218 votes; and doing the same in California, receiving 278,657 votes.[56]

In the 2018 congressional elections, which utilized non-partisan blanket, "top two" primaries, three Green Party candidates advanced to the general elections. This was the first year that any Green candidates advanced since the implementation of the top-two primary after 2010. In the 13th congressional district (San Francisco and Alameda counties), Laura Wells advanced from a six-candidate primary,[57] and received 34,257 votes in the general election, 11.6%.[58] In the 34th congressional district (Los Angeles County, California,) Kenneth Mejia advanced from a three-candidate primary,[59] and received 41,711 votes in the general election, 27.5%.[60] In the 40th congressional district (Los Angeles County, California,) Rodolfo Cortes-Barragan advanced from the primary,[59] and received 27,511 votes in the general election, 22.7%.[61] Each faced off against Democratic party incumbent opponents in the general elections.

In the 2018 Baldwin Park mayoral election, Green party member Emmanuel Estrada received 2,524 votes, finishing in third place.[62] Estrada stood again in 2020, running a grassroots campaign, funded by a second job he took on.[63] Then-26-year-old Estrada pulled off a surprising defeat of the 10-term incumbent, with 11,953 votes, and a lead of 1,887 votes.[63][64] Mayor Estrada stood for reelection in 2022, and had received 64% of the vote as of November 11.[65]

In 2022, party member Michael Kerr stood for California's 10th congressional district, and advanced from a three-candidate primary.[66]

Discover more about History related topics

1994 California Secretary of State election

1994 California Secretary of State election

The 1994 California Secretary of State election occurred on November 8, 1994. The primary elections took place on March 8, 1994. The Republican nominee, State Assemblyman Bill Jones, narrowly defeated the Democratic nominee, acting Secretary of State Tony Miller, who assumed the seat when March Fong Eu resigned to become United States Ambassador to Micronesia.

2018 California Secretary of State election

2018 California Secretary of State election

The 2018 California Secretary of State election was held on November 6, 2018, to elect the California Secretary of State. Incumbent Democratic Secretary Alex Padilla won re-election to a second term.

2022 California Secretary of State election

2022 California Secretary of State election

The 2022 California Secretary of State election will take place on November 8, 2022, to elect the next Secretary of State of California. The primary election was held on June 7, 2022.

2022 California State Controller election

2022 California State Controller election

The 2022 California State Controller election was held on November 8, 2022, to elect the California State Controller. Due to term limits, incumbent Democratic Controller Betty Yee was ineligible to run for a third term. Malia Cohen won the election, defeating Lanhee Chen.

2022 California Attorney General election

2022 California Attorney General election

The 2022 California Attorney General election will be held on November 8, 2022, to elect the Attorney General of California. Incumbent Democratic Attorney General Rob Bonta was appointed to the office on April 23, 2021, following the resignation of Xavier Becerra to become the U.S. Secretary of Health and Human Services. He has announced his intention to run for election to a full term.

Howie Hawkins 2020 presidential campaign

Howie Hawkins 2020 presidential campaign

The 2020 presidential campaign of Howie Hawkins, both the co-founder of the Green Party of the United States and thrice its gubernatorial candidate in New York, was informally launched on April 3, 2019, when Hawkins announced the formation of an exploratory committee and formally announced his campaign on May 28, 2019, to seek the Green Party nomination for the presidency of the United States in the 2020 presidential election and later the Socialist Party USA. On May 5, 2020, Hawkins announced that former Socialist Party USA vice presidential candidate Angela Nicole Walker would be his running mate. Hawkins and Walker were nominated by the Green Party on July 11, 2020.

Arcata, California

Arcata, California

Arcata is a city adjacent to the Arcata Bay (northern) portion of Humboldt Bay in Humboldt County, California, United States. At the 2020 census, Arcata's population was 18,857. Arcata was first colonized in 1850 as Union, was officially established in 1858, and was renamed Arcata in 1860. It is located 280 miles (450 km) north of San Francisco, and is home to California State Polytechnic University, Humboldt. Arcata is also the location of the Arcata Field Office of the Federal Bureau of Land Management, which is responsible for the administration of natural resources, lands and mineral programs, including the Headwaters Forest, on approximately 200,000 acres (810 km2) of public land in Northwestern California.

Gayle McLaughlin

Gayle McLaughlin

Gayle McLaughlin is an American politician from Richmond, California. She was first elected to the Richmond City Council in 2004 when she was a member of the Green Party of California. She won two consecutive four-year terms as the city's mayor in 2006 and 2010. After reaching the mayoral term limit, she was reelected to the City Council in 2014. In June 2017, she announced her candidacy for lieutenant governor of California in the 2018 election.

2016 United States presidential election

2016 United States presidential election

The 2016 United States presidential election was the 58th quadrennial presidential election, held on Tuesday, November 8, 2016. The Republican ticket of businessman Donald Trump and Indiana governor Mike Pence defeated the Democratic ticket of former secretary of state and First Lady of the United States Hillary Clinton and the United States senator from Virginia Tim Kaine, in what was considered one of the greatest upsets in American history. Trump took office as the 45th president, and Pence as the 48th vice president, on January 20, 2017. It was the fifth and most recent presidential election in which the winning candidate lost the popular vote. It was also the sixth presidential election, and the first since 1944, in which both major party candidates were registered in the same home state.

Bernie Sanders 2016 presidential campaign

Bernie Sanders 2016 presidential campaign

In the 2016 presidential campaign, Vermont Senator Bernie Sanders sought the Democratic Party's nomination in a field of six major candidates and was the runner up with 46% of the pledged delegates behind former Secretary of State Hillary Clinton, who won the contest with 54%. Sanders, the junior United States senator and former Representative from Vermont, began with an informal announcement on April 30, 2015, and a formal announcement that he planned to seek the Democratic Party's nomination for President of the United States on May 26, 2015, in Burlington, Vermont. Sanders had been considered a potential candidate for president since at least September 2014. Though he had previously run as an independent, he routinely caucused with the Democratic Party, as many of his views align with Democrats. Running as a Democrat made it easier to participate in debates and get his name on state ballots.

California Democratic Party

California Democratic Party

The California Democratic Party is the affiliate of the Democratic Party in the U.S. state of California. It is headquartered in Sacramento.

Bernie Sanders

Bernie Sanders

Bernard Sanders is an American politician who has served as the junior United States senator from Vermont since 2007. He was the U.S. representative for the state's at-large congressional district from 1991 to 2007. Sanders is the longest-serving independent in U.S. congressional history. He has a close relationship with the Democratic Party, having caucused with House and Senate Democrats for most of his congressional career. He is often seen as a leader of the democratic socialist movement in the United States. Sanders unsuccessfully sought the Democratic Party nomination for president of the United States in 2016 and 2020, finishing in second place in both campaigns. Before his election to Congress, he was mayor of Burlington, Vermont.

Source: "Green Party of California", Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, (2022, November 25th), https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Green_Party_of_California.

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Citations
  1. ^ a b Green Party of California 2022a.
  2. ^ a b c California Secretary of State 2022a, p. 11.
  3. ^ Green Party of California 2022b.
  4. ^ California Secretary of State 2022b, Section “Green Party”.
  5. ^ Green Party of California 2022c, Article 2 “Purpose”.
  6. ^ Green Party of California 2022c, Article 5 “County Organization”.
  7. ^ Weintraub 1992, pars. 16-18.
  8. ^ Green Party of California 2022c, Article 4 “Structure” Section 4-1 “General Assembly”.
  9. ^ Green Party of California 2022c, Article 8 “Coordinating Committee” Section 8-2 “Membership” Subsection 8-2.1.
  10. ^ Green Party of California 2022c, Article 3 “Membership” Section 3-1 “Members”.
  11. ^ California Secretary of State 2022a, p. 7.
  12. ^ California Secretary of State 2022a, p. 9.
  13. ^ California Secretary of State 2022a, p. 5.
  14. ^ California Secretary of State 2022c, p. II.
  15. ^ Green Party of California 2022d.
  16. ^ Green Party of California 2022e.
  17. ^ Weintraub 1992, para. 19.
  18. ^ California Secretary of State 2022d, p. 8-2.
  19. ^ California Secretary of State 2022e, Section “If the Political Body Qualifies as a Political Party” Subsection “Maintaining Its Qualified Status”.
  20. ^ California Secretary of State 2022d, p. 8-2–8-3.
  21. ^ California Secretary of State 1994, p. xi.
  22. ^ California Secretary of State 1996, p. viii.
  23. ^ California Secretary of State 2018b, p. 17.
  24. ^ California Secretary of State 2022f, p. 16.
  25. ^ Green Party of California 2021.
  26. ^ Kirkpatrick 1997, para. 8.
  27. ^ California Secretary of State 2015, p. 7.
  28. ^ California Secretary of State 2016a, p. 7.
  29. ^ Harkinson 2016, pars. 1-2.
  30. ^ Harkinson 2016, para. 3.
  31. ^ Wildermuth 2017, para. 8.
  32. ^ Harkinson 2016, para. 5.
  33. ^ California Secretary of State 2016b, p. 7.
  34. ^ Dixon 2015, para. 1.
  35. ^ Dixon 2015, pars. 1, 8.
  36. ^ Marshall 2015, pars. 11-14.
  37. ^ X 2017, pp. 206–207, in speech at Columbia University on November 20, 1963.
  38. ^ Hawkins 2015, pars. 12-15, 24, 35.
  39. ^ Hedges 2015, minutes 20-24, 26-29.
  40. ^ Dixon 2015, para. 9.
  41. ^ Hawkins 2015, pars. 19-20, 22.
  42. ^ Dixon 2015, pars. 2, 10.
  43. ^ Dixon 2016, pars. 7-9.
  44. ^ Hawkins 2015, pars. 1, 5-6, 10-11, 13, 20, 22.
  45. ^ Mook 2015, para. 1.
  46. ^ Brana 2019, pars. 1-12.
  47. ^ Dixon 2015, pars. 11-12.
  48. ^ Dixon 2016, pars. 1, 9, 11-16.
  49. ^ Frank 2016, pars. 27-31, 45.
  50. ^ Dixon 2015, para. 12.
  51. ^ Dixon 2016, pars. 9, 16.
  52. ^ Strauss 2016, pars. 1-14.
  53. ^ Tapper 2016, pars. 1-3, 10.
  54. ^ Linthicum 2016, pars. 9-10, 12.
  55. ^ Nutting 2016, pars. 6, 15-17.
  56. ^ California Secretary of State 2016c, p. 6.
  57. ^ California Secretary of State 2018b, p. 19.
  58. ^ California Secretary of State 2018c, p. 7.
  59. ^ a b California Secretary of State 2018b, p. 21.
  60. ^ California Secretary of State 2018c, p. 8.
  61. ^ California Secretary of State 2018c, p. 9.
  62. ^ Los Angeles County Registrar-Recorder/County Clerk 2018, p. 14.
  63. ^ a b Henry 2020.
  64. ^ Los Angeles County Registrar-Recorder/County Clerk 2020, p. 7.
  65. ^ San Gabriel Valley Tribune 2022.
  66. ^ California Secretary of State 2022f, p. 18.
Bibliography
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