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Gracie Films

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Gracie Films
TypePrivate
IndustryFilm and television animation production
PredecessorJohn Charles Walters Company
Founded1986; 37 years ago (1986)
FounderJames L. Brooks
Headquarters
FOX Studios lot, 10201 West Pico Boulevard Bldg 41/42, Los Angeles CA 90064[1]
,
United States
Key people
Richard Sakai (President)[2]
Websitegraciefilms.com

Gracie Films is an American film and television production company founded by James L. Brooks in 1986. The company is primarily responsible for producing its long-running flagship animated series The Simpsons, as well as the films Big, Broadcast News, and Jerry Maguire.

Discover more about Gracie Films related topics

James L. Brooks

James L. Brooks

James Lawrence Brooks is an American director, producer, screenwriter and co-founder of Gracie Films. His television and film work includes The Mary Tyler Moore Show, Taxi, The Simpsons, Broadcast News, As Good as It Gets, and Terms of Endearment.

The Simpsons

The Simpsons

The Simpsons is an American animated sitcom created by Matt Groening for the Fox Broadcasting Company. The series is a satirical depiction of American life, epitomized by the Simpson family, which consists of Homer, Marge, Bart, Lisa, and Maggie. The show is set in the fictional town of Springfield and parodies American culture and society, television, and the human condition.

Big (film)

Big (film)

Big is a 1988 American fantasy comedy-drama film directed by Penny Marshall and stars Tom Hanks as Josh Baskin, a pre-adolescent boy whose wish to be "big" transforms him physically into an adult. The film also stars Elizabeth Perkins, David Moscow, John Heard, and Robert Loggia, and was written by Gary Ross and Anne Spielberg. It was produced by Gracie Films and distributed by 20th Century Fox.

Broadcast News (film)

Broadcast News (film)

Broadcast News is a 1987 American romantic comedy-drama film written, produced and directed by James L. Brooks. The film concerns a virtuoso television news producer who has daily emotional breakdowns, a brilliant yet prickly reporter, and the latter's charismatic but far less seasoned rival. It also stars Robert Prosky, Lois Chiles, Joan Cusack, and Jack Nicholson.

Jerry Maguire

Jerry Maguire

Jerry Maguire is a 1996 American romantic sports comedy-drama film written, produced, and directed by Cameron Crowe; it stars Tom Cruise, Cuba Gooding Jr., Renée Zellweger, and Regina King. Produced in part by James L. Brooks, it was inspired by an experience sports agent Leigh Steinberg had with client Tim McDonald during the 1993 NFL season when free agency was introduced to the league. The film was also partly inspired by a 28-page memo written at Disney in 1991 by Jeffrey Katzenberg. It was released in North American theaters on December 13, 1996, produced by Gracie Films, and distributed by TriStar Pictures.

Overview

James L. Brooks, who had previously founded John Charles Walters Company, founded Gracie Films at 20th Century Fox in 1986, with Polly Platt as executive vice president. Named for comedian Gracie Allen, the company was established to "provide real writers with a vehicle to get their movies made".[3] Its primary distributor is currently Sony Pictures Entertainment, though it continues to produce The Simpsons at Fox's studio in Century City, Los Angeles.

According to Simpsons Confidential, Brooks gave The Simpsons' writing staff free rein, as he firmly believed they were the most important part of the process,[4] and "in the legal battles over The Simpsons, it was Fox that was being sued, not Gracie Films".[5] The company also coordinates international distribution and dubbing for The Simpsons,[6] "in Italy, in particular... [finding] voices for dubbing that would match those of the original American actors as closely as possible."[7]

Gracie Films' production logo depicts noisy patrons in a movie theater (which were the voices of then-CEO of Fox Garth Ancier and music composer Jeffrey Townsend double-tracked to sound like there were more people) being shushed by a woman in the back row (with the shush sound being done by Tracey Ullman). The company's name appears on the screen, accompanied by a brief passage played on keyboard. Audio variations exist on The Simpsons, often with dialogue from the episode or characters such as Homer responding to the shush. The most common audio variation is on the Treehouse of Horror episodes excluding Treehouse of Horror (The Simpsons episode) which used the original logo audio and Treehouse of Horror II and Treehouse of Horror III which has the organ theme only, where the shushing sound was replaced by a woman screaming and the logo's music is played in a minor key on a synth-emulated pipe organ. Originally, the Roland D-50 PN-D50-01 Pipe Organ preset was used for that particular variant. The music was composed by Jeffrey Townsend and Alf Clausen on a tiny KORG synth rack using a custom programmed preset. Gracie Films’ main production office is at the Sidney Poitier building on the Sony Pictures Studios lot in Culver City, California. In 1989, Gracie Films had struck a deal with ABC.[8]

Discover more about Overview related topics

James L. Brooks

James L. Brooks

James Lawrence Brooks is an American director, producer, screenwriter and co-founder of Gracie Films. His television and film work includes The Mary Tyler Moore Show, Taxi, The Simpsons, Broadcast News, As Good as It Gets, and Terms of Endearment.

John Charles Walters Company

John Charles Walters Company

The John Charles Walters Company was a production company formed in 1978 by four former employees of MTM Enterprises: James L. Brooks, David Davis, Stan Daniels and Ed. Weinberger. The company existed from 1978 until 1983 and produced the TV show Taxi.

Polly Platt

Polly Platt

Mary Marr "Polly" Platt was an American film producer, production designer and screenwriter. She was the first female art director accepted into Hollywood's Art Director's Guild. In addition to her credited work, she was known as mentor as well as an uncredited collaborator and networker. In the case of the latter, she is credited with contributing to the success of ex-husband and director Peter Bogdanovich's early films; mentoring then, first-time director and writer Cameron Crowe, and discovering actors including Cybill Shepherd, Tatum O'Neal, Owen Wilson, Luke Wilson and director Wes Anderson. Platt also suggested that director James L. Brooks meet artist and illustrator Matt Groening. Their subsequent meeting eventually resulted in the satiric animated television series The Simpsons.

Gracie Allen

Gracie Allen

Grace Ethel Cecile Rosalie Allen was an American vaudevillian, singer, actress, and comedian who became internationally famous as the zany partner and comic foil of husband George Burns, her straight man, appearing with him on radio, television and film as the duo Burns and Allen.

Century City

Century City

Century City is a 176-acre neighborhood and business district in Los Angeles, California. Located on the Westside to the south of Santa Monica Boulevard around 10 miles (16 km) west of Downtown Los Angeles, Century City is one of the most prominent employment centers in the Los Angeles metropolitan area, and its skyscrapers form a distinctive skyline on the Westside.

Los Angeles

Los Angeles

Los Angeles, often referred to by its initials L.A., is the commercial, financial, and cultural center of Southern California. Los Angeles is the largest city in the state of California, the second most populous city in the United States after New York City, and one of the world's most populous megacities. With a population of roughly 3.9 million residents within the city limits as of 2020, Los Angeles is known for its Mediterranean climate, ethnic and cultural diversity, being the home of the Hollywood film industry, and its sprawling metropolitan area. The city lies in a basin in Southern California adjacent to the Pacific Ocean in the west and extending through the Santa Monica Mountains and north into the San Fernando Valley, with the city bordering the San Gabriel Valley to its east. It covers about 469 square miles (1,210 km2), and is the county seat of Los Angeles County, which is the most populous county in the United States with an estimated 9.86 million residents as of 2022.

Production logo

Production logo

A production logo, vanity card, vanity plate, or vanity logo is a logo used by movie studios and television production companies to brand what they produce and to determine the production company and the distributor of a television show or film. Production logos are usually seen at the beginning of a theatrical movie or video game, and/or at the end of a television program or TV movie. Many production logos have become famous over the years, such as the 20th Century Studios's monument and searchlights and MGM's Leo the Lion. Unlike logos for other media, production logos can take advantage of motion and synchronized sound, and almost always do.

Fox Broadcasting Company

Fox Broadcasting Company

The Fox Broadcasting Company, commonly known simply as Fox and stylized in all caps as FOX, is an American commercial broadcast television network owned by Fox Corporation and headquartered in New York City, with master control operations and additional offices at the Fox Network Center in Los Angeles and the Fox Media Center in Tempe. Launched as a competitor to the Big Three television networks on October 9, 1986, Fox went on to become the most successful attempt at a fourth television network. It was the highest-rated free-to-air network in the 18–49 demographic from 2004 to 2012 and again in 2020, and was the most-watched American television network in total viewership during the 2007–08 season.

Garth Ancier

Garth Ancier

Garth Ancier is an American television producer and media executive.

Homer Simpson

Homer Simpson

Homer Jay Simpson is a fictional character and the main protagonist of the American animated sitcom The Simpsons. He is voiced by Dan Castellaneta and first appeared, along with the rest of his family, in The Tracey Ullman Show short "Good Night" on April 19, 1987. Homer was created and designed by cartoonist Matt Groening while he was waiting in the lobby of producer James L. Brooks's office. Groening had been called to pitch a series of shorts based on his comic strip Life in Hell but instead decided to create a new set of characters. He named the character after his father, Homer Groening. After appearing for three seasons on The Tracey Ullman Show, the Simpson family got their own series on Fox, which debuted December 17, 1989. The show was later acquired by Disney in 2019.

Roland D-50

Roland D-50

The Roland D-50 is a synthesizer produced by Roland and released in April 1987. Its features include subtractive synthesis, on-board effects, a joystick for data manipulation, and an analogue synthesis-styled layout design. The external Roland PG-1000 (1987-1990) programmer could also be attached to the D-50 for more complex manipulation of its sounds. It was also produced in a rack-mount variant design, the D-550 (1987-1990), with almost 450 user-adjustable parameters.

Alf Clausen

Alf Clausen

Alf Heiberg Clausen is an American film and television composer. He is best known for his work scoring many episodes of The Simpsons, for which he was the sole composer between 1990 and 2017. Clausen has scored or orchestrated music for more than 30 films and television shows, including Moonlighting, The Naked Gun, ALF and Ferris Bueller's Day Off. Clausen received an Honorary Doctorate of Music from Berklee College of Music in 1996.

Filmography

Television

Years active Title Creator(s) Co-production company(s) Distributor(s)
1987–1990 The Tracey Ullman Show James L. Brooks
Jerry Belson
Ken Estin
Heide Perlman
Klasky Csupo 20th Television
1989–present The Simpsons Matt Groening Klasky Csupo / Film Roman / 20th Television Animation[9]
1991–1992 Sibs Heide Perlman Columbia Pictures Television Sony Pictures Television
1993–1994 Phenom Sam Simon
Dick Blasucci
Marc Flanagan
Columbia Pictures Television / ELP Communications
1994–1995
2000–01 (revival)
The Critic Al Jean
Mike Reiss
Columbia Pictures Television
2001 What About Joan? Ed. Weinberger Columbia TriStar Television
2014 "The Simpsons Guy" Seth MacFarlane Fuzzy Door Productions 20th Television

Films

Year Title Director Co-production company(s) Distributor(s) Box office Ref.
1987 Broadcast News James L. Brooks 20th Century Fox $67.3 million [10]
1988 Big Penny Marshall $151.7 million [11]
1989 Say Anything... Cameron Crowe $21.5 million [12]
The War of the Roses Danny DeVito $160.2 million [13]
1994 I'll Do Anything James L. Brooks Columbia Pictures Sony Pictures Releasing $10 million [14]
1996 Bottle Rocket Wes Anderson $560,069 [15]
Jerry Maguire Cameron Crowe TriStar Pictures / Vinyl Films $273.6 million [16]
1997 As Good as It Gets James L. Brooks TriStar Pictures $314.1 million [17]
2001 Riding in Cars with Boys Penny Marshall Columbia Pictures $35.7 million [18]
2004 Spanglish James L. Brooks $55 million [19]
2007 The Simpsons Movie David Silverman 20th Century Fox / 20th Century Fox Animation / Film Roman / Rough Draft Feature Animation / Rough Draft Korea / AKOM 20th Century Fox $536.4 million [20]
2010 How Do You Know James L. Brooks Columbia Pictures Sony Pictures Releasing $48.7 million [21]
2016 The Edge of Seventeen Kelly Fremon Craig H. Brothers / Tang Media Productions / Virgin Produced STX Entertainment $18.8 million [22]
2018 Icebox[23] Daniel Sawka Endeavor Content / HBO Films HBO TBA
2023 Are You There God? It's Me, Margaret Kelly Fremon Craig Lionsgate TBA
TBA Untitled The Simpsons Movie sequel TBA TBA TBA

Theme park

Year Title Director Co-production company(s) Distributor(s) Notes
2008 The Simpsons Ride Mike B. Anderson
and John Rice
20th Century Fox / Blur Studio / Film Roman / Reel FX Creative Studios Universal Creative Located in Universal Studios Florida and Universal Studios Hollywood.

Shorts

Year Title Director Co-production company(s) Distributor(s) Notes
2012 The Longest Daycare David Silverman 20th Century Fox Animation / AKOM / Film Roman 20th Century Fox Shown with Ice Age: Continental Drift.
2020 Playdate with Destiny 20th Century Studios / 20th Century Animation / AKOM 20th Century Studios Shown with Onward.
2021 The Force Awakens from Its Nap 20th Television Disney+ Exclusive Disney+ short film.
The Good, the Bart, and the Loki 20th Television Animation / AKOM
Plusaversary
2022 When Billie Met Lisa 20th Television Animation
Welcome to the Club
The Simpsons Meet the Bocellis in ʻFeliz Navidadʼ

Discover more about Filmography related topics

James L. Brooks

James L. Brooks

James Lawrence Brooks is an American director, producer, screenwriter and co-founder of Gracie Films. His television and film work includes The Mary Tyler Moore Show, Taxi, The Simpsons, Broadcast News, As Good as It Gets, and Terms of Endearment.

Jerry Belson

Jerry Belson

Jerry Belson was a writer, director, and producer of Hollywood films for over 40 years.

Ken Estin

Ken Estin

Ken Estin is an American television producer and screenwriter. He has worked on Taxi and Cheers and co-created The Tracey Ullman Show with James L. Brooks. In 1982 Ken won an Emmy Award for Best Writing in a Comedy Series for the episode "Elegant Iggy" featuring Christopher Lloyd on Taxi and in 1989 he won an Emmy Award for producing The Tracey Ullman Show. Ken has had an additional eleven Emmy Award nominations. Furthermore, he won the 1979 Writers Guild of America Award. Estin received a special "thank you" credit in the feature film Big, and he rewrote the screenplay for Beverly Hills Cop.

Heide Perlman

Heide Perlman

Heide Paula Perlman is best known for her work as a television script writer. Perlman began work as a writer on the sitcom Cheers from 1982 through 1986; since then she has worked as a writer, producer and/or story editor on The Tracey Ullman Show, Frasier, The George Carlin Show, Stacked, The Bill Engvall Show and others. She has won two Primetime Emmy Awards and has been nominated for eight others.

Klasky Csupo

Klasky Csupo

Klasky-Csupo, Inc. is an American animation studio located in Los Angeles, California. It was founded in 1982 by producer Arlene Klasky and Hungarian animator Gábor Csupó in a spare room of their apartment and grew to 550 artists, creative workers and staff in an animation facility in Hollywood.

20th Television

20th Television

20th Television is an American television production company that is a division of Disney Television Studios, part of The Walt Disney Company. Walt Disney Studios Home Entertainment distributes the films produced by 20th Television in home media under the 20th Century Studios Home Entertainment banner.

Matt Groening

Matt Groening

Matthew Abram Groening is an American cartoonist, writer, producer, and animator. He is the creator of the comic strip Life in Hell (1977–2012) and the television series The Simpsons (1989–present), Futurama, and Disenchantment (2018–present). The Simpsons is the longest-running U.S. primetime-television series in history and the longest-running U.S. animated series and sitcom.

Film Roman

Film Roman

Film Roman, LLC is an American animation studio currently based in Woodland Hills, California and formerly in Burbank. It was previously owned by Starz Inc., which is now a division of Lionsgate, and currently by Waterman Entertainment, the production company of producer Steve Waterman.

20th Television Animation

20th Television Animation

20th Television Animation is an American animation studio that creates, develops and produces adult animated television series and specials. It is a unit of Disney Television Studios, a subsidiary of Walt Disney Television, which is part of the Disney General Entertainment Content division of The Walt Disney Company. Walt Disney Studios Home Entertainment distributes the films produced by 20th Television Animation in home media under the 20th Century Studios Home Entertainment banner.

Columbia Pictures Television

Columbia Pictures Television

Columbia Pictures Television, Inc. was launched on May 6, 1974, by Columbia Pictures as an American television production and distribution studio. It is the second name of the Columbia Pictures television division Screen Gems (SG) and the third name of Pioneer Telefilms. For 26 years, the company was active from 1974 until New Year's Day 2001, when it was folded into Columbia TriStar Television, a merger between Columbia Pictures Television and TriStar Television. A separate entity of CPT continues to exist on paper as an intellectual property holder, and under the moniker CPT Holdings to hold the copyright for the TV show The Young and the Restless, as well as old incarnations from the company's television library such as What's Happening!!

ELP Communications

ELP Communications

ELP Communications was an American television production company that originally began in 1974.

Al Jean

Al Jean

Alfred Ernest Jean III is an American screenwriter and producer. Jean is well known for his work on The Simpsons. He was raised near Detroit, Michigan, and graduated from Harvard University in 1981. Jean began his writing career in the 1980s with fellow Harvard alum Mike Reiss. Together, they worked as writers and producers on television shows such as The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson, ALF and It's Garry Shandling's Show.

Source: "Gracie Films", Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, (2023, January 26th), https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gracie_Films.

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References
  1. ^ Gracie Films official website with headquarters address (Retrieved 24 December 2022)
  2. ^ "Richard Sakai / Variety". Variety. 17 December 2013. Retrieved September 26, 2016.
  3. ^ Alisa Perren, Indie, Inc.: Miramax and the Transformation of Hollywood in the 1990s, p. 159, at Google Books
  4. ^ John Ortved, Simpsons Confidential, p. 30, at Google Books
  5. ^ John Ortved, Simpsons Confidential: The uncensored, totally unauthorised history of the world's greatest TV show by the people that made it, p. 126, at Google Books
  6. ^ Michela Ardizzoni, Chiara Ferrari (eds.), Beyond Monopoly: Globalization and Contemporary Italian Media, p. 101, at Google Books
  7. ^ Chiara Francesca Ferrari, Since When Is Fran Drescher Jewish?: Dubbing Stereotypes in The Nanny, The Simpsons, and The Sopranos, p. 73, at Google Books
  8. ^ "Golden" (PDF). Broadcasting. 1989-12-04. Retrieved 2021-09-24.
  9. ^ "Disney Launches 20th Television Animation, Promotes Veteran Exec Marci Proietto to Run New Unit Responsible for 'The Simpsons' & 'Family Guy'". 30 March 2021.
  10. ^ "Weekend Box Office : Appealing to All 'Generations'". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on 2012-11-04. Retrieved 2012-06-05.
  11. ^ "Big (1988)". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved September 1, 2009.
  12. ^ Box Office Information for Say Anything.., BoxOfficeMojo.com; retrieved April 4, 2013.
  13. ^ "The War of the Roses". Box Office Mojo. IMDb. Retrieved November 15, 2019.
  14. ^ "I'll Do Anything". Box Office Mojo. IMDb. Retrieved November 15, 2019.
  15. ^ "Bottle Rocket". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved 2007-08-07.
  16. ^ "Jerry Maguire". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved 2007-08-07.
  17. ^ "Weekend Box Office Results for December 26–28, 1997". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved July 6, 2009.
  18. ^ "Riding in Cars with Boys". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved July 6, 2009.
  19. ^ "Spanglish". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved July 6, 2009.
  20. ^ "Top Single Day Grosses". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved July 28, 2007.
  21. ^ "How Do You Know (2010)". Box Office Mojo. Amazon.com. Retrieved 2010-12-31.
  22. ^ "The Edge of Seventeen (2016)". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved August 10, 2017.
  23. ^ "HBO Films Acquires Immigration Drama Icebox". Retrieved December 21, 2019.

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