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Gligvi (Georgian: ღლიღვი, romanized: ghlighvi) is a medieval ethnonym used in Georgian, Russian and Western European sources in the 16th-19th centuries. The ethnonym corresponds to the self-name of the Ingushes - Ghalghay.[1]

Gligvi (Ghalghay) on a map of 18th century
Gligvi (Ghalghay) on a map of 18th century


Gligvi are mentioned in Georgian sources as an ethnonym that existed during the reign of Mirian I in II century BC,[2] as well as the ruler of Kakheti Kvirike III i.e. in XI century.[3] Gligvi were also mentioned in a document of Vakhtang VI in 1729.[4] Vakhushti Bagrationi wrote that the country of Dzurdzuketi (Durdzuketi) consists of Kisti, Dzurdzuki and Gligvi, of which the latter are located to the east, i.e. north of Tusheti.[5]

About Gligvi. To the east of Kisto-Dzurdzukia lies Gligvetia, called either by the name of Gligo (Ghligho), the grandson of Dzurdzuk, or by the bareness of the country itself, the Gligva river, flowing from the intermountain of the Pshav and Gligv and flowing in the direction from south to north, flows into the river ( ?), and then pours into Boragnis-tskali. On this river is Angusti, a large village. The gorge is with buildings and villages. Gligvi borders: from the east by the Gligv mountain, from the north by the mountain lying between Circassia and Gligv, from the south by the Caucasus lying between Pshav and Gligv; west - a mountain lying between Gligv and Dzurdzuki. The inhabitants of Angusti are similar to the Circassians, and by faith they are Mohammedans of the Sunni persuasion. To the east of Gligva there is a gorge, the river of which flows from the intermountain of Gligv and Pankisi, flows from south to north and pours into Gligvis-tskali, and then the latter flows into Boragnis-tskali. And this gorge is also with buildings and villages. This gorge is bordered: from the east by the Caucasus, beyond which is Pankisi, from the north by Cherkezis-mta, from the west by a mountain, beyond which is Gligvi

— Vakhushti Bagrationi[6]

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  1. ^ Волкова, Н. Г. Глава пятая. Вайнахи // Этнонимы и племенные названия Северного Кавказа : моногр. / Ответ. ред. Л. И. Лавров. — АН СССР. Ин-т этнологии и антропологии им. Н. Н. Миклухо-Маклая. — М. : Наука, Глав. ред. вост. лит-ры, 1973. pp. 158–159.
  2. ^ Бердзенешвили Н. А., Дондуа В. Д., Думбадзе М. К., Меликишвили Г. А., Месхиа Ш. А. История Грузии: с древнейших времён до 60-х годов XIX века. — Тбилиси: Издательство учебно-педагогической литературы, 1962. p. 25.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  3. ^ Джанашвили, М. Г. Известия грузинских летописей и историков о Северном Кавказе и России. — Тифлис, 1897. p. 31.
  4. ^ Сотавов, Н. А., Мейер М. С. Северный Кавказ в русско-иранских отношениях и русско-турецких отношениях в XVIII в.» — М.: Наука, 1991 г. p. 81.
  5. ^ Джанашвили, М. Г. Известия грузинских летописей и историков о Северном Кавказе и России. — Тифлис, 1897. pp. 65, 79, 83.
  6. ^ "Vakhushti Bagrationi. Geography of Georgia".

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