|Figure skating element|
|Element name:||Flip jump|
|Take-off edge:||Back inside|
|Landing edge:||Back outside|
|Inventor:||unknown, perhaps Bruce Mapes|
The flip jump (also called the flip) is a figure skating jump.
The International Skating Union (ISU) defines a flip jump as "a toe jump that takes off from a back inside edge and lands on the back outside edge of the opposite foot". It is executed with assistance from the toe of the free foot.
The origin of the flip jump is unknown, although American professional figure skater Bruce Mapes might have created it. Writer Ellyn Kestnbaum calls the jump "somewhat trickier than the loop for most skaters. considerably more so than the salchow or toe loop", because of its unstable inside edge and the precision required to align and time the jump's vault from the toepick. As a consequence, quadruple flip jumps are, as ESPN puts it, "rare". Kestnbaum also states that it is crucial that the skater's edge not be too deep, but instead almost forms a straight line.
Variations of the flip jump include the half flip and the split flip. The half flip is often used as a simple transitional movement during a step sequence and as a takeoff for other half jumps. A split flip is a single flip jump with a split position at the peak of the skater's position in the air. There is also no record of the first male skater to perform the flip.
In competitions, the base value of a single flip is 0.50; the base value of a double flip is 1.80; the base value of a triple flip is 5.50; and the base value of a quadruple flip is 11.00.
|3F||Triple flip (women's)||Katarina Witt||East Germany||1981 European Championships|||
|Triple flip (women's)||Manuela Ruben||Germany||1981 European Championships|||
|4F||Quadruple flip (men's)||Shoma Uno||Japan||2016 Team Challenge Cup|||
|Quadruple flip (women's)||Alexandra Trusova||Russia||2019–20 Grand Prix of Figure Skating Final|||
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Source: "Flip jump", Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, (2022, October 6th), https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flip_jump.
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- ^ a b c d e Media Guide, p. 15
- ^ "Skating Glossary". Skate Canada. 2015. Archived from the original on 6 August 2020. Retrieved 5 October 2022.
- ^ a b c Kestnbaum, p. 289
- ^ "Takahashi is First Japanese Man to Win". ESPN.com. Associated Press. 25 March 2010. Retrieved 5 October 2022.
- ^ Kestnbaum, pp. 288–289
- ^ "Communication No. 2168: Single & Pair Skating". Lausanne, Switzerland: International Skating Union. 23 May 2018. p. 2. Archived from the original on 27 October 2021. Retrieved 5 October 2022.
- ^ Media Guide, p. 16
- ^ Hoang, Mai (23 April 2016). "Uno Lands Historic Quad Flip at Team Challenge". Golden Skate.com. Retrieved 6 October 2022.
- ^ Griffiths, Rachel; Jiwani, Rory (6 December 2019). "As it Happened: Wins for Kostornaia and Chen on Last Day of ompetition in Turin". Olympic Channel. Retrieved 6 October 2022.
- "ISU Figure Skating Media Guide 2021/22" (Media guide). International Skating Union. 22 September 2022. Retrieved 5 October 2022.
- Kestnbaum, Ellyn (2003). Culture on Ice: Figure Skating and Cultural Meaning. Middletown, Connecticut: Wesleyan University Press. ISBN 0819566411.
- Shoma Uno's first quad flip (YouTube clip)
- Comparison of Nathan Chen and Shoma Uno's quad flip (YouTube clip)
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