First Air Group
|First Air Group|
|Allegiance||Swedish Armed Forces|
|Branch||Swedish Air Force|
|Part of||Southern Military District|
A 32A Lansen
AJ 37 Viggen
|Bomber||B 3 Junkers|
B 4 Hawker Hart
|Fighter||J 8 Gloster Gladiator|
|Reconnaissance||S 6 Fokker|
First Air Group (Swedish: Första flygeskadern, E 1), previously named Air Group (Swedish: Flygeskadern) and later named Attack Group (Swedish: Attackeskadern) was an air group unit in the Swedish Air Force. The First Air Group was the collective name given to the attack wings who would jointly carry out heavier attacks in the event of war. It was active in various formations from 1938 to 1995. It was directly subordinate to the Supreme Commander of the Swedish Armed Forces and therefore nicknamed ÖB:s klubba ("Supreme Commander's club").
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Since its foundation in 1926 the Swedish Air Force grouped its aircraft into Flygkår (Air Corps, like the Första flygkåren, Andra flygkåren, Tredje flygkåren - the First, the Second, the Third Air Corps etc.), this being the aviation equivalent of an army regiment. In 1936 the Swedish Air Force switched from army-like to navy-like naming of its flying units. Thus the "air corps" became "flying flotillas" (flygflottiljer, sing. flygflottilj) with the respective geographic region added as an official name, thus the Second Air Corps (Andra Flygkår) established in 1926 became the Second Royal Roslagen Flying Flotilla (Andra Kungliga Roslagens Flygflottilj) in 1936. Following the naval nomenclature these flying flotillas were further divided into divisions (divisioner, sing. division) like the navy's destroyer divisions.
In the end of 1938 the Swedish Air Force formed an air squadron (Flygeskadern) in the end of 1938. In 1942 it became the First Air Squadron (E1 Första Flygeskadern), with the Second and Third to follow in 1943 and the Fourth in 1945. So the traditional Swedish naming of air units is as follows:
According to the Defence Act of 1936, an air group commander would in case of war carry out the immediate command of the Swedish Air Force units that were part of the air group. In peacetime, his duties were to plan exercises, inspect wing exercises and conduct co-exercises and major practical exercises, that is, not to have constant command of Swedish Air Force wings. Flygeskadern (the "Air Group") was organized in response to the emergency preparedness in September 1939 and was resolved (except for the staff) in the latter part of 1940. According to the Defence Act of 1942, four air groups would be permanently organized and in peacetime command the constituent wings regarding tactical and operational exercises. Its staff was located in Karlsborg from 1939 to 1942. In 1942 the Swedish Air Force expanded its war organization into four air groups and the Air Group was renamed First Air Group (Första flygeskadern, E 1), with its staff in Stockholm. The distribution of the Swedish Air Force wings to the air groups varied from 1 July 1945, when all four air groups had been organized. The First Air Group had attack duties, the Second and Third Air Group had fighter duties and the Fourth Air Group had reconnaissance duties.
The staff were merged with the staff of the Western Airbase Area (Västra flygbasområdet, Flybo V) on 1 October 1957 and was placed in Gothenburg. This air group was meant to have attack duties. Its command center Björn, was located south of Skara. In 1966 the First Air Group became the only air group in the Swedish Air Force, when the three others were decommissioned. The commander of the First Air Group was subordinate to the Supreme Commander of the Swedish Armed Forces according to instruction by the King in Council. Issues concerning unit training and production, the commander of the First Air Group was subordinate to the Chief of the Air Force. The First Air Group was then renamed Attackeskadern ("Attack Group") and was led by a joint staff based in Gothenburg until it was decommissioned in 1995. The decommissioning decision came in conjunction with the Defence Act of 1992, in which it was decided that three geographic air commands were to be established on 1 July 1993 and subsequently retrieved the duties from the First Air Group. At the decommissioning, the traditions and history of the First Air Group were transferred to the Chief of Air Force Staff, which on 30 June 1998 handed them over to the Air Force Center.
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|F 1 Hässlö||Medium bomber||B 3 Junkers|
|F 3 Malmslätt||Reconnaissance||S 6 Fokker|
|F 4 Frösön||Light bomber / Dive bomber||B 4 Hawker Hart|
|F 8 Barkarby||Fighter||J 8 Gloster Gladiator|
|F 1 Hässlö||Bomber||B 18|
|F 4 Frösön||Light bomber||B 17|
|F 12 Kalmar||Light bomber||B 17|
|F 15 Söderhamn||Day-time fighter||J 21|
|F 6 Karlsborg||Attack||A 21A-3|
|F 7 Såtenäs||Attack||J 21R / B 18B|
|F 14 Halmstad||Attack||B 18B|
|F 17 Kallinge||Attack||T 18B|
|F 6 Karlsborg||Attack||A 32A Lansen|
|F 7 Såtenäs||Attack||A 32A Lansen|
|F 14 Halmstad||Attack||A 32A Lansen||Removed in 1961, and replaced by F 15|
|F 15 Söderhamn||Attack||A 32A Lansen||Added in 1961, and replaced F 14|
|F 17 Kallinge||Attack||A 32A Lansen|
|F 6 Karlsborg||Attack||A 32A Lansen. AJ 37 Viggen from 1977|
|F 7 Såtenäs||Attack||A 32A Lansen. AJ 37 Viggen from 1973|
|F 15 Söderhamn||Attack||A 32A Lansen. AJ 37 Viggen from 1974|
|F 17 Kallinge||Attack||A 32A Lansen until 1975||Removed from E 1 after rearmament to fighter wing|
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Between 1938 and 1941 and 1994 to 1995 the commander had the rank of colonel. Between 1941 and 1994, the commander had the rank of major general.
- 1938-01-07 – 1942-06-30: Bengt Nordenskiöld
- 1942-07-01 – 1952-03-31: Paulus af Uhr
- 1952-04-01 – 1964-03-31: Björn Bjuggren
- 1964-04-01 – 1966-09-30: Stig Norén
- 1966-10-01 – 1973-03-31: Gösta Odqvist
- 1973-04-04 – 1977-06-30: Bengt Rosenius
- 1977-07-01 – 1980-09-30: Sven-Olof Olson
- 1980-10-01 – 1983-09-30: Erik Nygren
- 1983-10-01 – 1990-09-30: Bertil Nordström
- 1990-10-01 – 1994-10-01: Bert Stenfeldt
- 1994-10-01 – 1995-06-30: Christer Salsing (acting)
After the airbase areas were decommissioned on 30 September 1957, a deputy commander position was added. The deputy commander had the rank of colonel. When all the air groups (except the First Air Group) were decommissioned in 1966, the deputy commander position disappeared.
- 1957–1964: Gösta Sandberg (acting)
- 1964–1966: Karl-Erik Karlsson
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Names, designations and locations
|Första flygeskadern||First Air Group||1942||–||1966|
Source: "First Air Group", Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, (2022, January 27th), https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/First_Air_Group.
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Chief of Army (Sweden)
Chief of Navy (Sweden)
Chief of Air Force (Sweden)
Bengt Gustafsson (general)
Air Component Command
Håkan Pettersson (Swedish Air Force officer)
Chief of the Defence Staff (Sweden)
Chief of the Air Staff (Sweden)
- ^ a b c "Första flygeskadern dirigent med "ÖB:s klubba"" (PDF). Flygvapennytt (in Swedish). Stockholm: Flygstaben (4): 32–33. 1972. SELIBR 8257600.
- ^ a b c "Förteckning > Flygeskadern / 1. flygeskadern" [List > Air Group / 1st Air Group] (in Swedish). National Archives of Sweden. Retrieved 16 October 2017.
- ^ Jansson, Mattias (2015-05-20). "Hemlig militärbas utanför Skara". Nyheter Väst (in Swedish). Sveriges Television. Retrieved 16 October 2017.
- ^ Regeringens proposition 1991/92:102 om totalförsvarets utveckling till och med budgetåret 1996/97 samt anslag för budgetåret 1992/93. Regeringens proposition, 8216139 ; 1991/92:102 (in Swedish). Stockholm: Riksdagstryckeriet. 1992. SELIBR 10148318. Retrieved 29 September 2010.
- ^ Stenfeldt, Bert (1992). "Historik" [History] (PDF). Flygvapennytt (in Swedish). Stockholm: Flygstaben (3): 31. ISSN 0015-4792. SELIBR 8257600.
- ^ Andersson, Lennart (2010). ÖB:s klubba: flygvapnets attackeskader under kalla kriget (PDF). Publikation / Försvaret och det kalla kriget (FOKK), 1652-5388 ; 24 (in Swedish). Stockholm: Svenskt militärhistoriskt bibliotek. p. 208. ISBN 978-91-85789-74-0. SELIBR 11958220.
- Braunstein, Christian (2005). Svenska flygvapnets förband och skolor under 1900-talet. Skrift / Statens försvarshistoriska museer, 1101-7023 ; 8 [dvs 9] (in Swedish). Stockholm: Statens försvarshistoriska museer. p. 122. ISBN 91-971584-8-8. SELIBR 9845891.
- Andersson, Lennart (2010). ÖB:s klubba: flygvapnets attackeskader under kalla kriget (PDF). Publikation / Försvaret och det kalla kriget (FOKK), 1652-5388 ; 24 (in Swedish). Stockholm: Svenskt militärhistoriskt bibliotek. ISBN 978-91-85789-74-0. SELIBR 11958220.
- 1938 establishments in Sweden
- 1995 disestablishments in Sweden
- Articles containing Swedish-language text
- Articles with Swedish-language sources (sv)
- Articles with short description
- CS1 Swedish-language sources (sv)
- Gothenburg Garrison
- Karlsborg Garrison
- Military units and formations disestablished in 1995
- Military units and formations established in 1938
- Military units and formations of the Swedish Air Force
- Short description is different from Wikidata
- Stockholm Garrison
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