Federal districts of Russia
The federal districts (Russian: федера́льные округа́, federalnyye okruga) are groupings of the federal subjects of Russia. Federal districts are not mentioned in the nation's constitution, and do not have competences of their own and do not manage regional affairs. They exist solely to monitor consistency between the federal and regional bodies of law, and ensuring governmental control over the civil service, judiciary, and federal agencies, operating in the regions.
List of federal districts
|2010 census||HDI (2019)||Gross regional product (2020)||Federal
|Map of Federal District|
|Population||per km2||GRP||GRP per capita|
|Central||18 May 2000||650,200||38,438,600||59.1||0.847||₽33.637 trillion
|Northwestern||18 May 2000||1,687,000||13,583,800||8.1||0.835||₽10.644 trillion
|Southern[a]||18 May 2000||427,800||16,141,100[b]||37.7||0.801||₽6.710 trillion
|North Caucasian||19 January 2010||170,400||9,496,800||55.7||0.795||₽2.404 trillion
|Volga||18 May 2000||1,037,000||29,900,400||28.8||0.806||₽13.669 trillion
|Ural||18 May 2000||1,818,500||12,082,700||6.6||0.842||₽11.675 trillion
|Siberian||18 May 2000||4,361,800||17,178,298||3.9||0.796||₽9.027 trillion
|Far Eastern||18 May 2000||6,952,600||8,371,257||1.2||0.810||₽6.044 trillion
- ^ Includes Autonomous Republic of Crimea, Sevastopol, annexed by Russia in 2014, and Kherson, Zaporizhia, Donetsk, Luhansk oblasts annexed in 2022; recognized as a part of Ukraine by most of the international community.
- ^ Population figures from the Crimean Census in 2014. Crimea was annexed by Russia in 2014, after the 2010 Russian Census.
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The federal districts of Russia were established by President Vladimir Putin in 2000 to facilitate the federal government's task of controlling the then 89 federal subjects across the country.
On 19 January 2010, the new North Caucasian Federal District split from the Southern Federal District.
In March 2014, after the annexation of Crimea, the Crimean Federal District was established. The legality of this annexation is disputed by an overwhelming majority of countries. On 28 July 2016 the Crimean Federal District was abolished and merged into the Southern Federal District in order to improve governance.
In November 2018, Buryatia and Zabaykalsky Krai were removed from the Siberian Federal District and added to the Far Eastern Federal District in accordance with a decree issued by Putin. The Administrative Centre of the Far Eastern Federal District relocated from Khabarovsk to Vladivostok in December 2018.
In 2022, the Administrative Centre of the Volga Federal District will relocate from Nizhny Novgorod to Samara within a few years. In the Northwestern Federal District, Murmansk Oblast will be merged into the Republic of Karelia, also within a few years.
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Presidential plenipotentiary envoys
- Central Federal District
- Igor Shchyogolev (since 26 June 2018)
- Southern Federal District
- Vladimir Ustinov (since 12 May 2008)
- Northwestern Federal District
- Aleksandr Gutsan (since 7 November 2018)
- Far Eastern Federal District
- Yury Trutnev (since 31 August 2013)
- Siberian Federal District
- Anatoly Seryshev (since 12 October 2021)
- Ural Federal District
- Nikolay Tsukanov (since 26 June 2018)
- Volga Federal District
- Igor Komarov (since 7 September 2018)
- North Caucasian Federal District
- Yury Chaika (since 22 January 2020)
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Source: "Federal districts of Russia", Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, (2023, February 14th), https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Federal_districts_of_Russia.
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Political divisions of Russia
Southern Federal District
Ural Federal District
Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug
Taymyr Autonomous Okrug
Northwestern Federal District
Komi-Permyak Autonomous Okrug
North Caucasian Federal District
Evenk Autonomous Okrug
Military districts of Russia
Crimean Federal District
Crimean Federal District Census (2014)
- Economic regions of Russia, a similar grouping of the federal subjects of Russia for economic and statistical purposes.
- Military districts of Russia, a similar grouping of federal subjects of Russia for military purposes
- Zonal Councils of India, a similar entity in India to a Russian federal district
- List of countries and dependencies by area
- ^ Russell, Martin (October 2015). "Russia's constitutional structure" (PDF). European Parliamentary Research Service. European Parliament. doi:10.2861/664907. ISBN 978-92-823-8022-2. Retrieved November 3, 2021.
- ^ "Russia: Federal Districts and Major Cities". City Population. Retrieved April 18, 2019.
- ^ a b "Subnational Human Development Index (SD-201) (Russian Federation)". Global Data Lab. Radboud University Nijmegen. Retrieved April 18, 2019.
- ^ "1.1. ОСНОВНЫЕ СОЦИАЛЬНО-ЭКОНОМИЧЕСКИЕ ПОКАЗАТЕЛИ в 2014 г." [MAIN SOCIOECONOMIC INDICATORS 2014]. Regions of Russia. Socioeconomic indicators - 2015 (in Russian). Russian Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved July 26, 2016.
- ^ "Валовой региональный продукт по субъектам Российской Федерации в 2016-2020гг".
- ^ signs set of laws on reunification of Crimea, Sevastopol with Russia
- ^ "Results of Census: Population of Crimea is 2.284 Million People". Archived from the original on November 4, 2015. Retrieved February 13, 2016.
- ^ a b Президент Российской Федерации. Указ №849 от 13 мая 2000 г. «О полномочном представителе Президента Российской Федерации в федеральном округе». Вступил в силу 13 мая 2000 г. Опубликован: "Собрание законодательства РФ", №20, ст. 2112, 15 мая 2000 г. (President of the Russian Federation. Decree #849 of May 13, 2000 On the Plenipotentiary Representative of the President of the Russian Federation in a Federal District. Effective as of May 13, 2000.).
- ^ Petrov, Nikolai (March 2002). "Seven Faces of Putin's Russia: Federal Districts as the New Level of State—Territorial Composition". Security Dialogue. SAGE Publishing. 33 (1): 73–91. doi:10.1177/0967010602033001006. JSTOR 26298005. S2CID 153455573.
- ^ "В России создан Крымский федеральный округ". RBC. March 21, 2014. Archived from the original on March 22, 2014. Retrieved March 21, 2014.
- ^ "NATO Secretary-General: Russia's Annexation of Crimea Is Illegal and Illegitimate". Brookings. March 19, 2014. Retrieved September 29, 2014.
- ^ "Крымский федеральный округ включен в состав Южного федерального округа" (in Russian). Interfax. July 28, 2016. Retrieved July 28, 2016.
- ^ "Официальныйi интернет-портал правовой информации". publication.pravo.gov.ru. Retrieved November 4, 2018.
- ^ "Путин перенес столицу Дальневосточного федерального округа во Владивосток".
- ^ a b c "Игорь Холманских уволен с поста полпреда президента в Уральском федеральном округе" (in Russian). Meduza. June 26, 2018. Retrieved June 27, 2018.
- ^ "Putin asks Federation Council to relieve Gutsan of office as deputy prosecutor general (Part 2) - Interfax". www.interfax.com. Retrieved April 10, 2019.
- ^ Ульянова, Жанна; Яна Милюкова (August 31, 2013). Дальнему Востоку подобрали нового управленца (in Russian). Gazeta.ru. Retrieved April 21, 2014.
- ^ "Путин назначил Серышева полпредом в Сибирском Федеральном округе" [Putin appointed Seryshev Plenipotentiary in the Siberian Federal District]. Izvestiya (in Russian). October 12, 2021.
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