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Fateme Asadi

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Fateme Asadi
Fateme Asadi.jpg
Born1960
Bagherabad village, Divandarreh, Kurdistan Province, Iran
Died1984 (aged 24)
Known forThe first Iranian female victim whose missing body was located and recovered after the Iran–Iraq War
Children
  • Keshvar Mahmoudi[1]
  • Baha'oddin Mahmoudi (died when he was 6 months, while his mother was in PDKI custody[1])

Fateme Asadi (Persian: فاطمه اسدی, romanizedFāṭmh Asdī; 1960–1984) was an Iranian woman who was tortured and killed by the Democratic Party of Iranian Kurdistan (PDKI)[2][3] when she was attempting to obtain the release of her husband, who was detained by the group.[4] Her remains, found 37 years later in 2021,[5] were buried in the Chehel Cheshmeh mountains in Divandarreh district and identified by a DNA test.[6] She is reportedly the first Iranian woman victim since the Iran–Iraq War, whose missing body was recovered.[7] She was labelled a martyr by Iranian media.[8][5]

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Persian language

Persian language

Persian, also known by its endonym Farsi, is a Western Iranian language belonging to the Iranian branch of the Indo-Iranian subdivision of the Indo-European languages. Persian is a pluricentric language predominantly spoken and used officially within Iran, Afghanistan, and Tajikistan in three mutually intelligible standard varieties, namely Iranian Persian, Dari Persian and Tajiki Persian. It is also spoken natively in the Tajik variety by a significant population within Uzbekistan, as well as within other regions with a Persianate history in the cultural sphere of Greater Iran. It is written officially within Iran and Afghanistan in the Persian alphabet, a derivation of the Arabic script, and within Tajikistan in the Tajik alphabet, a derivation of the Cyrillic script.

Romanization of Persian

Romanization of Persian

Romanization of Persian or Latinization of Persian is the representation of the Persian language with the Latin script. Several different romanization schemes exist, each with its own set of rules driven by its own set of ideological goals.

Democratic Party of Iranian Kurdistan

Democratic Party of Iranian Kurdistan

The Democratic Party of Iranian Kurdistan, also known as the Kurdish Democratic Party of Iran (KDPI), is an armed leftist ethnic party of Kurds in Iran, exiled in northern Iraq. It is banned in Iran and thus not able to operate openly.

Divandarreh County

Divandarreh County

Divandarreh County is located in Kurdistan province, Iran. The capital of the county is Divandarreh. At the 2006 census, the county's population was 82,628, in 17,335 families.

Iran–Iraq War

Iran–Iraq War

The Iran–Iraq War was an armed conflict between Iran and Iraq that lasted from September 1980 to August 1988. It began with the Iraqi invasion of Iran and lasted for almost eight years, until the acceptance of United Nations Security Council Resolution 598 by both sides. Iraq's primary rationale for the attack against Iran cited the need to prevent Ruhollah Khomeini—who had spearheaded Iran's Islamic Revolution in 1979—from exporting the new Iranian ideology to Iraq; there were also fears among the Iraqi leadership of Saddam Hussein that Iran, a theocratic state with a population predominantly composed of Shia Muslims, would exploit sectarian tensions in Iraq by rallying Iraq's Shia majority against the Baʽathist government, which was officially secular and dominated by Sunni Muslims. Iraq also wished to replace Iran as the power player in the Persian Gulf, which was not seen as an achievable objective prior to the Islamic Revolution as Pahlavi Iran boasted colossal economic and military strength as well as close relationships with the United States and Israel.

Martyr

Martyr

A martyr is someone who suffers persecution and death for advocating, renouncing, or refusing to renounce or advocate, a religious belief or other cause as demanded by an external party. In the martyrdom narrative of the remembering community, this refusal to comply with the presented demands results in the punishment or execution of an actor by an alleged oppressor. Accordingly, the status of the 'martyr' can be considered a posthumous title as a reward for those who are considered worthy of the concept of martyrdom by the living, regardless of any attempts by the deceased to control how they will be remembered in advance. Insofar, the martyr is a relational figure of a society's boundary work that is produced by collective memory. Originally applied only to those who suffered for their religious beliefs, the term has come to be used in connection with people killed for a political cause.

Early life and death

Fateme Asadi was born in 1960 in Bagherabad village, Divandarreh, Kurdistan Province, Iran.[3] Asadi's husband dug wells for Hosseinabad village, Sanandaj, at the request of the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC) headquarters.[4] The Democratic Party of Iranian Kurdistan (KDPI) accused him of being an IRGC spy. He was held on this pretext and transported by the militia to the Dowlatou prison. The militants asked for 200,000 tomans, which Fateme Asadi collected by selling her belongings.[9] She was, however, held by the KDPI militants when she was handing over the money. She spent a month in detention where she was harassed and tortured before she was shot dead.[4]

Fateme Asadi's remains were found on 7 November 2021 during explorations in the Chehel Cheshmeh mountains in Divandarreh district, Iran.[5]

Funeral

The funeral of Fateme Asadi in Sanandaj, 2021.
The funeral of Fateme Asadi in Sanandaj, 2021.

Asadi's funeral was held at Imam Reza shrine on 11 November 2021 and the next day at Fatima Masumeh Shrine.[10] Another funeral was held for her on 16 November 2021, from Azadi square in Sanadaj, to her resting place in Hajar Khatoon Mosque.[8]

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Divandarreh

Divandarreh

Divandarreh is a city and capital of Divandarreh County, Kurdistan Province, Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 22,842, in 5,305 families.

Kurdistan province

Kurdistan province

Kurdistan or Kordestan province, is a province in Iran. The province of Kurdistan is 28,817 km2 in area.

Well

Well

A well is an excavation or structure created in the ground by digging, driving, or drilling to access liquid resources, usually water. The oldest and most common kind of well is a water well, to access groundwater in underground aquifers. The well water is drawn up by a pump, or using containers, such as buckets or large water bags that are raised mechanically or by hand. Water can also be injected back into the aquifer through the well. Wells were first constructed at least eight thousand years ago and historically vary in construction from a simple scoop in the sediment of a dry watercourse to the qanats of Iran, and the stepwells and sakiehs of India. Placing a lining in the well shaft helps create stability, and linings of wood or wickerwork date back at least as far as the Iron Age.

Sanandaj

Sanandaj

Sanandaj (Persian: سنندج, pronounced [sænænˈdædʒ] ; Kurdish: سنە, romanized: Sine, often romanized as Senneh, is the capital of Kurdistan Province in Iran. With a population of 414,069, Sanandaj is the twenty third largest city in Iran and the second largest Kurdish city. Sanandaj's founding is fairly recent,, yet under its short existence it has grown to become one of the centers of Kurdish culture. During the Iraq-Iran War the city was attacked by Iraqi planes and saw disturbances. From 2019 UNESCO has recognized Sineh as Creative City of Music. The city is located between the Qishlaq river, a tributary of the Diyala, and Mount Awidar, which separates it from the old Ardalan capital of Hasanabad. Carpet making is the biggest industry in Sanandaj.

Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps

Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps

The Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps is a branch of the Iranian Armed Forces, founded after the Iranian Revolution on 22 April 1979 by order of Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini. Whereas the Iranian Army defends Iranian borders and maintains internal order, according to the Iranian constitution, the Revolutionary Guard is intended to protect the country's Islamic republic political system, which supporters believe includes preventing foreign interference and coups by the military or "deviant movements". The IRGC is designated as a terrorist organization by the governments of Bahrain, Saudi Arabia and the United States.

Democratic Party of Iranian Kurdistan

Democratic Party of Iranian Kurdistan

The Democratic Party of Iranian Kurdistan, also known as the Kurdish Democratic Party of Iran (KDPI), is an armed leftist ethnic party of Kurds in Iran, exiled in northern Iraq. It is banned in Iran and thus not able to operate openly.

Iranian toman

Iranian toman

The Iranian toman is a superunit of the official currency of Iran, the rial. One toman is equivalent to 10,000 rials. Although the rial is the official currency, Iranians use the toman in everyday life.

Imam Reza shrine

Imam Reza shrine

The Imam Reza shrine in Mashhad, Iran, is a complex which contains the mausoleum of Imam Reza, the eighth Imam of Twelver Shias. It is the largest mosque in the world by area. Also contained within the complex are the Goharshad Mosque, a museum, a library, four seminaries, a cemetery, the Razavi University of Islamic Sciences, a dining hall for pilgrims, vast prayer halls, and other buildings.

Fatima Masumeh Shrine

Fatima Masumeh Shrine

The Shrine of Fatima Masumeh is located in Qom, which is considered by Shia Muslims to be the second most sacred city in Iran after Mashhad.

Hajar Khatoon Mosque

Hajar Khatoon Mosque

Hajar Khatoon Mosque is architecturally a unique and ancient Muslim mosque in the city of Sanandaj in Kurdistan Province, Iran.

Legacy

The Fateme Asadi Award was announced covering rural women artists in the fields of performing arts, cinema, visual arts, decorative arts, hand-woven carpets, clothes and music. Rural women writers who have authored or translated books, stories and poetry can also apply for this award. Rural media activists, women in charge of rural non-governmental organizations, notable active women in the field of rural management, rural sportswomen, and women preachers and promoters of Quranic culture are among the other pillars of this award.[5]

Source: "Fateme Asadi", Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, (2022, November 26th), https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fateme_Asadi.

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References
  1. ^ a b "Words from a girl who reunited with her mother recently". ISNA (in Persian). 10 December 2021. Retrieved 19 November 2022.
  2. ^ "The end of 37 years of awaiting". Retrieved 13 November 2022.
  3. ^ a b "How Fateme Asadi's body was explored in "The Adventure" documentary". Mehr News Agency (in Persian). 17 December 2021. Retrieved 1 November 2022.
  4. ^ a b c "When the discovery news of Fateme Asadi's body was given to her daughter". Tasnim (in Persian). Retrieved 12 November 2022.
  5. ^ a b c d "The announcement of Martyr Asadi award in Sanandaj". Bushehr branch of Ministry of Culture and Islamic guidance. Retrieved 17 October 2022.
  6. ^ "Huj. Shahriari visits holy shrine of Imamzadeh Hajareh Khatoun, grave of Fatemeh Asadi in Sanandaj (photo)". Taghrib News Agency (TNA). 5 December 2021. Retrieved 17 October 2022.
  7. ^ "Iran To Bury Terror Victim Fatemeh Asadi – Iran Front Page". ifpnews.com. 16 November 2021. Retrieved 17 October 2022.
  8. ^ a b "The funeral of Martyr Fateme Asadi will be held tomorrow in Sanandaj". Tasnim News Agency (in Persian). Retrieved 17 October 2022.
  9. ^ "The sacred body of the first missing lady martyr was found". Farsnews. Retrieved 17 October 2022.
  10. ^ "Farewell with the body of Martyr Fateme Asadi at Hazrat Masoumeh shrine". Mehr News Agency (in Persian). 12 November 2021. Retrieved 25 October 2022.

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