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FC Spartak Moscow

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Spartak Moscow
FC Spartak Moscow Logotype.png
Full nameФутбольный клуб Спартак Москва
(Football Club Spartak Moscow)
Nickname(s)Gladiatory (Gladiators)
Narodnaya komanda (The People's Team)
Krasno-Belye (Red-and-Whites)
Founded18 April 1922; 100 years ago (1922-04-18)
GroundOtkritie Arena
Capacity45,360
OwnerLukoil[1]
ManagerGuille Abascal
LeagueRussian Premier League
2021–22Russian Premier League, 10th of 16
WebsiteClub website
Current season

FC Spartak Moscow (Russian: Футбольный клуб «Спартак» Москва, romanizedFutbolʹnyy klub «Spartak» Moskva, pronounced [spɐrˈtak mɐˈskva]) is a Russian professional football club based in Moscow. Having won 12 Soviet championships (second only to Dynamo Kyiv) and a record 10 Russian championships, it is the country's most successful club. They have also won a record 10 Soviet Cups, 4 Russian Cups and one Russian Super Cup. Spartak have also reached the semi-finals of all three European club competitions.

Discover more about FC Spartak Moscow related topics

Russian language

Russian language

Russian is an East Slavic language mainly spoken in Russia. It is the native language of the Russians, and belongs to the Indo-European language family. It is one of four living East Slavic languages, and is also a part of the larger Balto-Slavic languages. Besides Russia itself, Russian is an official language in Belarus, Kazakhstan, and Kyrgyzstan, and is used widely as a lingua franca throughout Ukraine, the Caucasus, Central Asia, and to some extent in the Baltic states. It was the de facto language of the former Soviet Union, and continues to be used in public life with varying proficiency in all of the post-Soviet states.

Romanization of Russian

Romanization of Russian

The romanization of the Russian language, aside from its primary use for including Russian names and words in text written in a Latin alphabet, is also essential for computer users to input Russian text who either do not have a keyboard or word processor set up for inputting Cyrillic, or else are not capable of typing rapidly using a native Russian keyboard layout (JCUKEN). In the latter case, they would type using a system of transliteration fitted for their keyboard layout, such as for English QWERTY keyboards, and then use an automated tool to convert the text into Cyrillic.

Association football

Association football

Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a team sport played between two teams of 11 players who primarily use their feet to propel a ball around a rectangular field called a pitch. The objective of the game is to score more goals than the opposite team by moving the ball beyond the goal line into a rectangular-framed goal defended by the opposing side. Traditionally, the game has been played over two 45 minute halves, for a total match time of 90 minutes. With an estimated 250 million players active in over 200 countries and territories, it is considered the world's most popular sport.

Moscow

Moscow

Moscow is the capital and largest city of Russia. The city stands on the Moskva River in Central Russia, with a population estimated at 13.0 million residents within the city limits, over 17 million residents in the urban area, and over 21.5 million residents in the metropolitan area. The city covers an area of 2,511 square kilometers (970 sq mi), while the urban area covers 5,891 square kilometers (2,275 sq mi), and the metropolitan area covers over 26,000 square kilometers (10,000 sq mi). Moscow is among the world's largest cities; being the most populous city entirely in Europe, the largest urban and metropolitan area in Europe, and the largest city by land area on the European continent.

Soviet Top League

Soviet Top League

The Soviet Top League, known after 1970 as the Higher League, served as the top division of Soviet Union football from 1936 until 1991.

FC Dynamo Kyiv

FC Dynamo Kyiv

Football Club Dynamo Kyiv is a Ukrainian professional football club based in Kyiv. Founded in 1927 as a Kyivan football team of republican branch of the bigger Soviet Dynamo Sports Society, the club as a separate business entity was officially formed only in 1989 and currently plays in the Ukrainian Premier League, and has never been relegated to a lower division. The club has secured brand rights from the Ukrainian Dynamo society and has no direct relations to the sports society since 1989. Their home is the 70,050 capacity Olimpiyskiy National Sports Complex.

Russian Premier League

Russian Premier League

The Russian Premier League, also written as Russian Premier Liga, is the top division professional association football league in Russia. It was established at the end of 2001 as the Russian Football Premier League and was rebranded with its current name in 2018. From 1992 through 2001, the top level of the Russian football league system was the Russian Football Championship.

Soviet Cup

Soviet Cup

The Soviet Cup, or USSR Cup, was the premier football cup competition in the Soviet Union conducted by the Football Federation of the Soviet Union. As a knockout tournament it was conducted parallel to the All-Union league competitions in double round-robin format.

Russian Cup (football)

Russian Cup (football)

The Russian Cup is a football competition held annually by the Football Union of Russia for professional and some amateur football clubs.

Russian Super Cup

Russian Super Cup

The Russian Super Cup is a one-match football annual competition. Its official sponsored name is OLIMP Russian Supercup. The two participating clubs are the Russian Premier League champions and the Russian Cup winners. If the Premier League and the Cup are won by the same team, then the other participant is the league runners-up. The match is played at the beginning of the season, typically in July.

UEFA

UEFA

Union of European Football Associations is one of six continental bodies of governance in association football. It governs football, futsal and beach football in Europe and the transcontinental countries of Russia, Turkey, Azerbaijan, Georgia, and Kazakhstan, as well as Asian countries such as Israel, Cyprus and Armenia. UEFA consists of 55 national association members. Because of the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine, FIFA and UEFA suspended all Russian national teams and clubs from any FIFA and UEFA competitions.

History

Foundation

In the early days of Soviet football, government agencies such as the police, army, and railroads created their own clubs. Many statesmen saw in the wins of their teams the superiority over the opponents patronising other teams. Almost all the teams had such kind of patrons; Dynamo Moscow aligned with the Militsiya, CSKA Moscow with the Red Army, and Spartak, created by a trade union public organization, was considered to be "the people's team".

The history of the football club and sports society "Spartak" originates from the Russian Gymnastics Society (RGO "Sokol"), which was founded on 16 May 1883. The society was founded under the influence of the Pan-Slavic "Sokol movement" with the aim of promoting the "Sokolsk gymnastics" and then sports including fencing, wrestling, figure skating, skating, football, hockey, lawn tennis, boxing, skis, athletics, and cycling. In the RGO Sokol began to play football in the summer of 1897; the professional football section was founded in the spring of 1909. On 1 August 1920, the football team began to officially act under the name MCS, or Moscow Sports Club.

In 1923, the MCS, later named Krasnaya Presnya (Red Presnya), was formed by Ivan Artemyev and involved Nikolai Starostin, especially in its football team. Presnya is a district of Moscow renowned for the radical politics of its inhabitants; for example, it represented the centre of the Moscow uprising of 1905.

The team grew, building a stadium, supporting itself from ticket sales and playing matches across the Russian SFSR. As part of a 1926 reorganization of football in the Soviet Union, Starostin arranged for the club to be sponsored by the food workers union and the club moved to the 13,000 seat Tomsky Stadium, known as Pishcheviki. The team changed sponsors repeatedly over the following years as it competed with Dinamo Moscow, whose 35,000 seat Dynamo Stadium lay close by.

As a high-profile sportsman, Starostin came into close contact with Alexander Kosarev, secretary of the Komsomol (Communist Union of Youth) who already had a strong influence on sport and wanted to extend it. In November 1934, with funding from Promkooperatsiia, Kosarev employed Starostin and his brothers to develop his team to make it more powerful. Again the team changed its name, this time to "Spartak Moscow" (the name Spartak means "Spartacus", a gladiator who led an uprising against Ancient Rome).

The club founders, four Starostin brothers, played a big role in the formation of the team. The Starostins played for the red-whites in the 1930s but right before World War II they were subjected to repression as the leaders of the most hated team by the state authorities. Elder brother Nikolai Starostin wrote in his books that he had survived in the State Prison System due to his participation in football and with Spartak. After the political rehabilitation, in 1954, he would later return to the team as the squad's manager.

Soviet period

In 1935, Starostin proposed the name Spartak. It was inspired by the Italian novel Spartaco, written by Raffaello Giovagnoli, and means Spartacus ("Spartak" in Russian), a gladiator-slave who led a rebellion against Rome. Starostin is also credited with the creation of the Spartak logo.[2] The same year, the club became a part of newly created Spartak sports society.

Czechoslovak manager Antonin Fivebr is credited as the first head coach of Spartak, though he worked as a consultant in several clubs simultaneously.[3] In 1936, the Soviet Top League was established, where its first championship was won by Dynamo Moscow while Spartak won its second, which was held in the same calendar year. Before World War II, Spartak earned two more titles.[4] In 1937, Spartak won the football tournament of Workers' Olympiad at Antwerp.[5]

During the 1950s, Spartak, together with Dynamo, dominated the Soviet Top League. When the Soviet national team won gold medals at the Melbourne Olympics, it consisted largely of Spartak players. Spartak captain Igor Netto was the captain of the national team from 1954 to 1963. In the 1960s, Spartak won two league titles, but by the mid-1960s, Spartak was no more regarded as a leading Soviet club. The club was even less successful in the 1970s and in 1976 Spartak was relegated into the lower league.

During the following season, the stadium was still full as the club's fans stayed with the team during its time in the lower division. Konstantin Beskov, who became the head coach (as a footballer Beskov made his name playing for Spartak's main rivals, Dynamo Moscow), introduced several young players, including Rinat Dasayev and Georgi Yartsev. Spartak came back the next year and won the title in 1979, beating Dynamo Kyiv.

On 20 October 1982, disaster struck during the UEFA Cup match between Spartak and Dutch club HFC Haarlem. Sixty-six people died in a stampede during the match,[6] making it Russia's worst sporting disaster.

In 1989, Spartak won its last USSR Championship, rivals Dynamo Kyiv 2–1 in the closing round. Spartak's striker Valery Shmarov scored the "golden" free kick with almost no time left. The next season, Spartak reached the European Cup semi-final, consequently eliminating Napoli on penalties and Real Madrid (with 3–1 away victory), but losing to Marseille.

Modern period; initial successes and subsequent decline

View of the Otkrytie Arena.
View of the Otkrytie Arena.

A new page in the club's history began when the Soviet Union collapsed and its championship ceased to exist. In the newly created Russian league, Spartak, led by coach and president Oleg Romantsev, dominated and won all but one title between 1992 and 2001. Year-after-year the team also represented Russia in the Champions League.

Problems began in the new century, however. Several charismatic players (Ilya Tsymbalar and Andrey Tikhonov among others) left the club as a result of conflict with Romantsev. Later, Romantsev sold his stock to oil magnate Andrei Chervichenko, who in 2003 became the club president. The two were soon embroiled in a row that would continue until Romantsev was sacked in 2003 with the club suffering several sub-par seasons until Chervichenko finally sold his stock in 2004. The new ownership made a number of front office changes with the aim of returning the team to the top of the Russian Premier League.[7]

In the 2005 season, Spartak, led by Aleksandrs Starkovs, finished second in the league to beat Lokomotiv Moscow, Zenit Saint Petersburg and Rubin Kazan to the last Champions League place. Following a mixed start to the 2006 season and public criticism from Dmitry Alenichev, the team's captain and one of its most experienced players, Starkovs left his position to Vladimir Fedotov.

Spartak has been entitled to place a golden star on its badge since 2003 to commemorate winning five Russian championships in 1992, 1993, 1994, 1996 and 1997. They have won the championship another four times since 1997. Since 2013, the club have added another three stars as rules allowed teams to include titles won during the Soviet era. In the 2012–13 season, Spartak qualified for the 2012–13 UEFA Champions League group stage and finished last after disappointing performances against FC Barcelona, Celtic and Benfica. In the league, Spartak finished in fourth place while in the cup it was eliminated in the round of 16 by FC Rostov 0–0 (3–5 p), completing a disappointing season. The next 3 seasons (2013–14, 2014–15, 2015–16) were somewhat similar as Spartak finished 6th, 6th and 5th accordingly while the club did not qualify for European Competitions.

Revival of Spartak

By the beginning of the 2016–17 season, under ex-Juventus manager Massimo Carrera, Spartak had acquired a squad consisting of foreign talents such as Quincy Promes, Fernando, Zé Luís, Lorenzo Melgarejo and Russians such as Denis Glushakov, Roman Zobnin and Ilya Kutepov. Spartak won the 2016–17 Russian Premier League with the squad, winning most derbies and ultimately finishing with a difference of 7 points.

The following season, Spartak participated in the 2017–18 UEFA Champions League group stage. Despite suffering its greatest ever loss in a 7-0 result against Liverpool F.C. at Anfield, the club achieved considerable victories, including a 5-1 win against Sevilla FC.[8]

Having finished second 2020-21 Russian Premier League under manager Domenico Tedesco, whose contract expired at the season's end, Spartak followed up with a successful run in the 2021–22 UEFA Europa League, now led by Rui Vitoria. Spartak topped its group, which included Napoli (which it defeated both home and away), Leicester City and Legia Warsaw. It was set to face RB Leipzig in the round of 16, but the club - along with all Russian club and national teams - was suspended from FIFA, UEFA and the ECA until further notice due to Russia's invasion of Ukraine.[9][10][11]

On 29 May 2022, in the final match of Paolo Vanoli (manager since December 2021), Spartak won the 2021–22 Russian Cup.[12] [13]

New owners of the club (since 2022)

On June 10, 2022, the new head coach of Spartak was appointed - 33-year-old Spanish specialist Guillermo Abascal. He became the youngest head coach in Spartak history.[14] The contract was signed for two years.[15] Along with Abascal, the Spartak coaching staff included: assistants - Carlos Maria Valle Moreno and Vladimir Sliskovich, physical training coaches - Fernando Perez Lopez and Alexander Zaichenko and goalkeeper coach Vasily Kuznetsov.[16]

On August 22, 2022, PJSC Lukoil Oil Company announced the acquisition of 100% of the shares of the club Spartak Moscow, as well as the Otkritie Bank Arena stadium.[17] It was also reported that Leonid Fedun has resigned as a shareholder of the club, he resigned as president, member and chairman of the club's board of directors and ceased to take part in the management of Spartak. Fedun owned the club for 18 years and 4 months. During this time, Spartak has become the champion of Russia once, winner of the Cup of Russia and the Super Cup of Russia, won six silver medals and one bronze medal in the championship, and has made it to the group round of the Champions League four times.[18] On September 26, 2022 Alexander Matytsyn, first vice president of Lukoil, became chairman of the board of directors of FC Spartak.[19] Lukoil's top managers Pavel Zhdanov, Ivan Maslyaev, and Yevgeny Khavkin also joined the board of directors, the general director of the club Yevgeny Melezhikov, president of the Spartak Academy Sergei Rodionov, as well as independent directors Oleg Malyshev and Yusuf Alekperov.[20] Also, a new sports director of the club, 52-year-old Englishman Paul Ashworth, was appointed.

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Football team

Football team

A football team is a group of players selected to play together in the various team sports known as football. Such teams could be selected to play in a match against an opposing team, to represent a football club, group, state or nation, an all-star team or even selected as a hypothetical team and never play an actual match.

FC Dynamo Moscow

FC Dynamo Moscow

FC Dynamo Moscow is a Russian football club based in Moscow. Dynamo returned to the Russian Premier League for the 2017–18 season after one season in the second-tier Russian Football National League.

Militsiya

Militsiya

Militsiya was the name of the police forces in the Soviet Union and in several Eastern Bloc countries (1945–1992), as well as in the non-aligned SFR Yugoslavia (1945–1992). The term continues in common and sometimes official usage in some of the individual former Soviet republics such as Belarus, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan and Kyrgyzstan, as well as in the partially recognised or unrecognised republics of Abkhazia, South Ossetia, Transnistria, DNR and LNR.

PFC CSKA Moscow

PFC CSKA Moscow

Professional Football Club CSKA , commonly referred to as CSKA Moscow or CSKA Moskva outside of Russia, or simply as CSKA, is a Russian professional football club. It is based in Moscow, playing its home matches at the 30,000-capacity VEB Arena. It plays in red and blue colours, with various plain and striped patterns having been used.

Ivan Artemyev

Ivan Artemyev

Ivan Timofeevich Artemyev was a Russian football player involved in the founding of FC Spartak Moscow.

Nikolai Starostin

Nikolai Starostin

Nikolai Petrovich Starostin was a Soviet footballer and ice hockey player, and founder of Spartak Moscow.

Presnensky District

Presnensky District

Presnensky District, commonly called Presnya (Пре́сня), is a district of Central Administrative Okrug of the federal city of Moscow, Russia. Population: 123,284 (2010 Census); 116,979 (2002 Census).

Moscow uprising of 1905

Moscow uprising of 1905

The Moscow uprising, centered in Moscow's Presnia district between 7 and 17 December 1905, was the climax of the 1905 Russian Revolution. Thousands of workers joined in an armed rebellion against the imperial government for better societal conditions. The uprising ended in defeat for the revolutionaries and provoked a swift counter-revolution that lasted until 1907. The revolution of 1905 was a turning point in Russian history, and the Moscow Uprising played an important role in fostering revolutionary sentiment among Russian workers. The Moscow revolutionaries gained experience during the uprising that helped them succeed years later in the October Revolution of 1917.

Mikhail Tomsky

Mikhail Tomsky

Mikhail Pavlovich Tomsky was a factory worker, trade unionist and Bolshevik leader and Soviet politician. He was the Chairman of the All-Union Central Council of Trade Unions in the 1920s.

Komsomol

Komsomol

The All-Union Leninist Young Communist League, usually known as Komsomol, a syllabic abbreviation of the Russian Коммунистический Союз Молодёжи, was a political youth organization in the Soviet Union. It is sometimes described as the youth division of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU), although it was officially independent and referred to as "the helper and the reserve of the CPSU".

Ancient Rome

Ancient Rome

In modern historiography, ancient Rome refers to Roman civilisation from the founding of the Italian city of Rome in the 8th century BC to the collapse of the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century AD. It encompasses the Roman Kingdom, Roman Republic and Roman Empire until the fall of the western empire.

Political repression

Political repression

Political repression is the act of a state entity controlling a citizenry by force for political reasons, particularly for the purpose of restricting or preventing the citizenry's ability to take part in the political life of a society, thereby reducing their standing among their fellow citizens. It is often manifested through policies such as human rights violations, surveillance abuse, police brutality, imprisonment, involuntary settlement, stripping of citizen's rights, lustration, and violent action or terror such as the murder, summary executions, torture, forced disappearance, and other extrajudicial punishment of political activists, dissidents, or general population. Political repression can also be reinforced by means outside of written policy, such as by public and private media ownership and by self-censorship within the public.

Honours

Domestic competitions

International

Non-official

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1936 Soviet Top League

1936 Soviet Top League

The 1936 Soviet football championship was the first season conducted between teams of sports societies and factories. It was also the seventh in order of primary football competitions in the Soviet Union since 1923. It was a major transition from a previous season which involved participation of teams representing cities and republics composed of better players of that city or republics teams. The decision about conducting the first Soviet championship among teams of sports societies and factories was adopted by the All-Union Council of Physical Culture (VSFK) of the Soviet Union Central Executive Committee. On 21 June 1936 the VSFK was liquidated and replaced with the All-Union Committee of Physical Culture and Sports (VKFKS) of the Soviet Union Sovnarkom.

1938 Soviet Top League

1938 Soviet Top League

The 1938 Soviet Top League combined all the Groups into one Super League.

1939 Soviet Top League

1939 Soviet Top League

1939 Soviet Top League was the fifth season of the Soviet Top League known at that time as Group A.

1952 Soviet Top League

1952 Soviet Top League

14 teams took part in the league with FC Spartak Moscow winning the championship.

1953 Soviet Top League

1953 Soviet Top League

11 teams took part in the league with FC Spartak Moscow winning the championship.

1956 Soviet Top League

1956 Soviet Top League

12 teams took part in the league with FC Spartak Moscow winning the championship.

1958 Soviet Top League

1958 Soviet Top League

12 teams took part in the league with FC Spartak Moscow winning the championship.

1962 Soviet Top League

1962 Soviet Top League

22 teams took part in the league with FC Spartak Moscow winning the championship.

1969 Soviet Top League

1969 Soviet Top League

20 teams took part in the league with FC Spartak Moscow winning the championship.

1979 Soviet Top League

1979 Soviet Top League

Statistics of Soviet Top League for the 1979 season.

1987 Soviet Top League

1987 Soviet Top League

In the 1987 season, the Soviet Top League – the top tier of football in the Soviet Union – was won by Spartak Moscow. Dynamo Kyiv were the defending 12-times champions and failed to qualify for the European competitions, while their rivals Dynamo Moscow placed only 10th.

1989 Soviet Top League

1989 Soviet Top League

The 1989 Soviet Top League season was the 52nd since its establishment. Dnepr Dnepropetrovsk were the defending 2-times champions.

Notable European campaigns

Season Achievement Notes
European Cup / UEFA Champions League
1980–81 Quarter-final eliminated by Real Madrid 0–0 in Tbilisi, 0–2 in Madrid
1990–91 Semi-final eliminated by Marseille 1–3 in Moscow, 1–2 in Marseille
1993–94 Group stage finished third in a group with Barcelona, AS Monaco and Galatasaray
1995–96 Quarter-final eliminated by Nantes 2–2 in Moscow, 0–2 in Nantes
2000–01 Second group stage finished fourth in a group with Bayern Munich, Arsenal and Lyon
UEFA Cup Winners' Cup
1972–73 Quarter-final eliminated by Milan 0–1 in Moscow, 1–1 in Milan
1992–93 Semi-final eliminated by Antwerp 1–0 in Moscow, 1–3 in Antwerp
UEFA Cup / UEFA Europa League
1983–84 Quarter-final eliminated by Anderlecht 2–4 in Brussels, 1–0 in Tbilisi
1997–98 Semi-final eliminated by Internazionale 1–2 in Moscow, 1–2 in Milan
2010–11 Quarter-final eliminated by Porto 1–5 in Porto, 2–5 in Moscow

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1980–81 European Cup

1980–81 European Cup

The 1980–81 European Cup was the 26th season of the European Cup football club tournament, and was won for a third time by Liverpool, who beat six-time champions Real Madrid in the final. In the 11 seasons up to and including this one, there were only four winners of the European Cup, but there were eleven different runners-up. This sequence was ended the following year, when Bayern Munich lost to first-time finalists Aston Villa.

1990–91 European Cup

1990–91 European Cup

The 1990–91 European Cup was the 36th season of the European Cup, a tournament for men's football clubs in nations affiliated to the Union of European Football Associations (UEFA). It was won for the first time by Red Star Belgrade on penalties in the final against Marseille; both were first-time finalists. This was only the second time that an Eastern European side had won the competition, after Steaua București of Romania in 1986. It was also the last tournament to be solely knock-out based, with a group stage added for the next season. Red Star won the tournament as the only Yugoslavian club shortly before the breakup of Yugoslavia. This was also the last season to feature a team from East Germany, since the East and its West counterpart reunified in October 1990.

1993–94 UEFA Champions League

1993–94 UEFA Champions League

The 1993–94 UEFA Champions League was the 39th season of the UEFA Champions League, UEFA's premier club football tournament, and the second season with the UEFA Champions League logo. The competition was won by Milan, their fifth title, beating Barcelona 4–0 in the final. Marseille were the defending champions, but were not allowed to enter the competition due their involvement in a match-fixing scandal in Division 1 the season prior. This saw them stripped of their league title and demoted to Division 2 at the end of 1993–94. This was the first and only time which the defending champions did not participate in the following season of the competition. Third-placed Monaco took the vacated French berth.

FC Barcelona

FC Barcelona

Futbol Club Barcelona, commonly referred to as Barcelona and colloquially known as Barça, is a professional football club based in Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain, that competes in La Liga, the top flight of Spanish football.

AS Monaco FC

AS Monaco FC

Association Sportive de Monaco Football Club SA, commonly referred to as AS Monaco, ASM or Monaco, is a professional football club based in Monaco that is a member of French Football Federation (FFF) and competes in Ligue 1, the top tier of French football. Founded in 1918, the team plays its home matches at the Stade Louis II in Fontvieille. Its training center is situated in neighboring France, in la Turbie.

1995–96 UEFA Champions League

1995–96 UEFA Champions League

The 1995–96 UEFA Champions League was the 41st season of UEFA's premier European club football tournament, and the fourth since its rebranding as the UEFA Champions League. The tournament was won by Juventus, who beat defending champions Ajax on penalties in the final for their first European Cup since 1985, and their second overall. It was the only Champions League title that Juventus won in the 1990s, despite reaching the next two finals, and one of only three Italian wins in the final, despite there being a Serie A club in every final for seven consecutive years from 1992 to 1998.

2000–01 UEFA Champions League

2000–01 UEFA Champions League

The 2000–01 UEFA Champions League was the 46th season of the UEFA Champions League, UEFA's premier European club football tournament, and the ninth since it was rebranded from the "European Champion Clubs' Cup" or "European Cup". The competition was won by Bayern Munich, who beat Valencia 5–4 on penalties after a 1–1 draw after extra time. It was their first UEFA Champions League title, and their fourth European Cup title overall, it was Valencia's second consecutive final defeat, losing to Real Madrid in the previous season. The knockout phase saw Bayern eliminate the preceding two Champions League winners, Manchester United and Real Madrid, winning all four games in the process. Valencia, meanwhile, defeated English sides Arsenal and Leeds United in the knockout phase en route to the final.

FC Bayern Munich

FC Bayern Munich

Fußball-Club Bayern München e. V., also known as FC Bayern, Bayern Munich, or simply Bayern, is a German professional sports club based in Munich, Bavaria. It is best known for its professional men's football team, which plays in the Bundesliga, the top tier of the German football league system. Bayern is the most successful club in German football history, having won a record 32 national titles, including 10 consecutively since 2013, and 20 national cups, along with numerous European honours.

Arsenal F.C.

Arsenal F.C.

Arsenal Football Club, commonly referred to as Arsenal, is a professional football club based in Islington, London, England. Arsenal plays in the Premier League, the top flight of English football. The club has won 13 league titles, a record 14 FA Cups, two League Cups, 16 FA Community Shields, one European Cup Winners' Cup, and one Inter-Cities Fairs Cup. In terms of trophies won, it is the third-most successful club in English football.

1972–73 European Cup Winners' Cup

1972–73 European Cup Winners' Cup

The 1972–73 European Cup Winners' Cup football club tournament was won by Milan after a 1–0 victory against Leeds United at the Kaftanzoglio Stadium, Thessaloniki, Greece.

A.C. Milan

A.C. Milan

Associazione Calcio Milan, commonly referred to as AC Milan or simply Milan, is a professional football club in Milan, Italy, founded in 1899. The club has spent its entire history, with the exception of the 1980–81 and 1982–83 seasons, in the top flight of Italian football, known as Serie A since 1929–30.

1992–93 European Cup Winners' Cup

1992–93 European Cup Winners' Cup

The 1992–93 season of the European Cup Winners' Cup was won by Parma in the final against Royal Antwerp. Both were first time finalists in the competition, and Antwerp were the last Belgian side to reach a European final up to the present day. The competition had more entrants than ever before due to the break-up of Yugoslavia and the Soviet Union, resulting in many new countries eligible to enter the winners of their own cups into the competition. Israel, the Faroe Islands and Liechtenstein were also represented for the first time.

UEFA club coefficient ranking

As of 7 May 2021, Source: [1]

87 France Rennes 19.000
88 Sweden Malmö FF 18.500
89 Russia Spartak Moscow 18.500
90 Serbia Partizan 18.000
91 Israel Hapoel Be'er Sheva 17.500
As of 14 August 2018
Competition Pld W D L GF GA GD Win%
UEFA Champions League 122 40 31 51 173 189 −16 032.79
UEFA Europa League 114 59 22 33 180 138 +42 051.75
UEFA Cup Winners' Cup 18 10 4 4 31 17 +14 055.56
Total 254 109 57 88 382 341 +41 042.91

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French Football Federation

French Football Federation

The French Football Federation is the governing body of football in France. It also includes the overseas departments, and the overseas collectivities. It was formed in 1919 and is based in the capital, Paris. The FFF was a founding member of FIFA and is responsible for overseeing all aspects of the game of football in France, both professional and amateur. The French Football Federation is a founding member of UEFA and joined FIFA in 1907 after replacing the USFSA, who were founding members.

Stade Rennais F.C.

Stade Rennais F.C.

Stade Rennais Football Club, commonly referred to as Stade Rennais FC, Stade Rennais, Stade Rennes, Rennes, or simply SRFC, is a French professional football club based in Rennes, Brittany. They compete in Ligue 1, the top tier of French football, and play their home matches at the Roazhon Park. The team's president is Nicolas Holveck, and its owner is Artémis, the holding company of businessman François Pinault.

Swedish Football Association

Swedish Football Association

The Swedish Football Association is the governing and body of football in Sweden. It organises the football leagues – Allsvenskan for men and Damallsvenskan for women – and the men's and women's national teams. It is based in Solna and is a founding member of both FIFA and UEFA. SvFF is supported by 24 district organisations.

Malmö FF

Malmö FF

Malmö Fotbollförening, commonly known as Malmö FF, Malmö, or MFF, is a professional football club and the most successful football club in Sweden in terms of trophies won. Formed in 1910 and affiliated with the Scania Football Association, Malmö FF is based at Eleda Stadion in Malmö, Scania. The club has won a record 22 Swedish championship titles and the most national cup titles with 15.

Russian Football Union

Russian Football Union

The Russian Football Union is the official governing body of association football in the Russian Federation. With headquarters in Moscow, it organizes Russian amateur and professional football, including the men's, women's, youth, beach soccer, futsal and Paralympic national teams. The RFS sanctions referees and football tournaments for the Russian Premier League and other football leagues in Russia. RFS is headed by Aleksandr Dyukov, the CEO of Gazprom Neft.

Football Association of Serbia

Football Association of Serbia

The Football Association of Serbia is the governing body of football in Serbia, based in Belgrade. It organizes Serbian football leagues, namely the Serbian Superliga, the Serbia national football team, as well as the Second Leagues.

FK Partizan

FK Partizan

Fudbalski klub Partizan, sometimes known as Partizan Belgrade in English, is a Serbian professional football club based in Belgrade. It forms a major part of the Partizan multi-sport club. The club plays in the Serbian SuperLiga and has spent its entire history in the top tier of Yugoslav and Serbian football having won a total of 45 official trophies, finishing in the Yugoslav league all-time table as second. Their home ground is the Partizan Stadium in Belgrade, where they have played since 1949. Partizan holds records such as playing in the first European Champions Cup match on 4 September, 1955, as well as becoming the first Balkan and Eastern European football club to reach the European Champions Cup final, when it did so in 1966. Partizan was the first Yugoslavian club to compete in the group stage of the UEFA Champions League.

Israel Football Association

Israel Football Association

The Israel Football Association is the governing body of football in Israel. It organizes a variety of association football leagues where the highest level is the Israeli Premier League; as well as national cups such as the Israel State Cup, the Toto Cup, and the Israel Super Cup; also, the Israel national football team. The IFA was founded in 1928 as the Palestine Football Association and is based in the Tel Aviv District city of Ramat Gan, Israel. The Association is controversial due to its inclusion of clubs playing in Israeli settlements in the occupied West Bank.

Hapoel Be'er Sheva F.C.

Hapoel Be'er Sheva F.C.

Hapoel Be'er Sheva Football Club is an Israeli football club from the city of Be'er Sheva, that competes in the Israeli Premier League. The club was established in 1949, and since 2007 it has been run by businesswoman Alona Barkat, who serves as the club's owner. The club also fields youth teams, and a women's side. There is also a football academy.

UEFA Champions League

UEFA Champions League

The UEFA Champions League is an annual club football competition organised by the Union of European Football Associations (UEFA) and contested by top-division European clubs, deciding the competition winners through a round robin group stage to qualify for a double-legged knockout format, and a single leg final. It is one of the most prestigious football tournaments in the world and the most prestigious club competition in European football, played by the national league champions of their national associations.

UEFA Europa League

UEFA Europa League

The UEFA Europa League, formerly the UEFA Cup, is an annual football club competition organised since 1971 by the Union of European Football Associations (UEFA) for eligible European football clubs. It is the second-tier competition of European club football, ranking below the UEFA Champions League and above the UEFA Europa Conference League. The UEFA Cup was the third-tier competition from 1971 to 1999 before the UEFA Cup Winners' Cup was discontinued, and it is still often referred to as the “C3” in reference of this. Clubs qualify for the competition based on their performance in their national leagues and cup competitions.

UEFA Cup Winners' Cup

UEFA Cup Winners' Cup

The UEFA Cup Winners' Cup was a European football club competition contested annually by the winners of domestic cup competitions. The cup was, chronologically, the second seasonal inter-European club competition organised by UEFA. The tournament ran for 39 seasons, with the final edition held in 1998–99, after which it was discontinued.

League history

Soviet Union

Season Div. Pos. Pl. W D L GS GA P Cup Europe Top scorer (league) Manager/acting manager
1936 (s) 1st 3 6 3 1 2 12 7 13 - - Soviet Union Glazkov – 4 Soviet Union Kozlov
1936 (a) 1 7 4 2 1 19 10 17 QF - Soviet Union Glazkov – 7 Soviet Union Kozlov
1937 2 16 8 5 3 24 16 37 R16 - Soviet Union Rumyantsev – 8 Soviet Union Kvashnin
1938 1 25 18 3 4 74 19 39 W - Soviet Union Sokolov – 18 Soviet Union Kvashnin
Soviet Union P.Popov
1939 1 26 14 9 3 58 23 37 W - Soviet Union Semyonov – 18 Soviet Union P.Popov
1940 3 24 13 5 6 54 35 31 - - Soviet Union Semyonov – 13
Soviet Union Kornilov – 13
Soviet Union Gorokhov
1944 no league competition SF - - Soviet Union Kvashnin
1945 10 22 6 3 13 22 44 15 R16 - Soviet Union Timakov – 7 Soviet Union Isakov
Soviet Union Vollrat
1946 6 22 8 5 9 38 40 21 W - Soviet Union Salnikov – 9 Soviet UnionVollrat
1947 8 24 6 9 9 34 26 21 W - Soviet Union Dementyev – 9 Soviet UnionVollrat
1948 3 26 18 1 7 64 34 37 RU - Soviet Union Konov – 15 Soviet Union Kvashnin
1949 3 34 21 7 6 93 43 49 SF - Soviet Union Simonyan – 26 Soviet Union Dangulov
1950 5 36 17 10 9 77 40 44 W - Soviet Union Simonyan – 34 Soviet Union Dangulov
1951 6 28 13 5 10 50 35 31 QF - Soviet Union Simonyan – 10 Soviet Union Dangulov
Soviet Union Gorokhov
Soviet Union Glazkov
1952 1 13 9 2 2 26 12 20 RU - Soviet Union Paramonov – 8 Soviet Union Sokolov
1953 1 20 11 7 2 47 15 29 QF - Soviet Union Simonyan – 14 Soviet Union Sokolov
1954 2 24 14 3 7 49 26 31 R16 - Soviet Union Ilyin – 11 Soviet Union Sokolov
1955 2 22 15 3 4 55 27 33 SF - Soviet Union Parshin – 13 Soviet Union Gulyaev
1956 1 22 15 4 3 68 28 34 - - Soviet Union Simonyan – 16 Soviet Union Gulyaev
1957 3 22 11 6 5 43 28 28 RU - Soviet Union Simonyan – 12 Soviet Union Gulyaev
1958 1 22 13 6 3 55 28 32 W - Soviet Union Ilyin – 19 Soviet Union Gulyaev
1959 6 22 8 8 6 32 28 24 - - Soviet Union Isaev – 8 Soviet Union Gulyaev
1960 7 30 15 7 8 52 32 37 R16 - Soviet Union Ilyin – 13 Soviet Union Simonyan
1961 3 30 16 8 6 57 34 40 R16 - Soviet Union Khusainov – 14 Soviet Union Simonyan
1962 1 32 21 5 6 61 25 47 R16 - Soviet Union Sevidov – 16 Soviet Union Simonyan
1963 2 38 22 8 8 65 33 52 W - Soviet Union Sevidov – 15 Soviet Union Simonyan
1964 8 32 12 8 12 34 32 32 SF - Soviet Union Sevidov – 6 Soviet Union Simonyan
1965 8 32 10 12 10 28 26 32 W - Soviet Union Khusainov – 5
Soviet Union Reingold – 5
Soviet Union Simonyan
1966 4 36 15 12 9 45 41 42 QF - Soviet Union Osyanin – 15 Soviet Union Gulyaev
1967 7 36 13 14 9 38 30 40 R32 CWC R16 Soviet Union Khusainov – 8 Soviet Union Salnikov
Soviet Union Simonyan
1968 2 38 21 10 7 64 43 52 R32 - Soviet Union Khusainov – 14 Soviet Union Simonyan
1969 1 32 24 6 2 51 15 54 R32 - Soviet Union Osyanin – 16 Soviet Union Simonyan
1970 3 32 12 14 6 43 25 38 QF - Soviet Union Khusainov – 12 Soviet Union Simonyan
1971 6 30 9 13 8 35 31 31 W ECC R32 Soviet Union Kiselyov – 5
Soviet Union Silagadze – 5
Soviet Union Piskarev – 5
Soviet Union Simonyan
1972 11 30 8 10 12 29 30 26 RU UC R32 Soviet Union Papaev – 4
Soviet Union Andreev – 4
Soviet Union Piskarev – 4
Soviet Union Simonyan
1973 4 30 14 8 8 37 28 31 QF CWC QF Soviet Union Piskarev – 12 Soviet Union Gulyaev
1974 2 30 15 9 6 41 23 39 QF - Soviet Union Piskarev – 10 Soviet Union Gulyaev
1975 10 30 9 10 11 27 30 28 R16 UC R64 Soviet Union Lovchev – 8 Soviet Union Gulyaev
1976 (s) 14 15 4 2 9 10 18 10 - UC R16 Soviet Union Pilipko – 2
Soviet Union Lovchev – 2
Soviet Union Bulgakov – 2
Soviet Union Krutikov
1976 (a) 15 15 5 3 7 15 18 13 R32 - Soviet Union Bulgakov – 6 Soviet Union Krutikov
1977 2nd 1 38 22 10 6 83 42 54 R16 - Soviet Union Yartsev – 17 Soviet Union Beskov
1978 1st 5 30 14 5 11 42 33 33 R16 - Soviet Union Yartsev – 19 Soviet Union Beskov
1979 1 34 21 10 3 66 25 50 Qual. - Soviet Union Yartsev – 14 Soviet Union Beskov
1980 2 34 18 9 7 49 26 45 SF - Soviet Union Rodionov – 7 Soviet Union Beskov
1981 2 34 19 8 7 70 40 46 RU ECC QF Soviet Union Gavrilov – 21 Soviet Union Beskov
1982 3 34 16 9 9 59 35 41 Qual. UC R32 Soviet Union Shavlo – 11 Soviet Union Beskov
1983 2 34 18 9 7 60 25 45 R16 UC R16 Soviet Union Gavrilov – 18 Soviet Union Beskov
1984 2 34 18 9 7 53 29 45 QF UC QF Soviet Union Rodionov – 13 Soviet Union Beskov
1985 2 34 18 10 6 72 28 46 R16 UC R16 Soviet Union Rodionov – 14 Soviet Union Beskov
1986 3 30 14 9 7 52 21 37 SF UC R16 Soviet Union Rodionov – 17 Soviet Union Beskov
1987 1 30 16 11 3 49 26 42 R16 UC R16 Soviet Union Rodionov – 12
Soviet Union Cherenkov – 12
Soviet Union Beskov
1988 4 30 14 11 5 40 26 39 QF UC R32 Soviet Union Rodionov – 12 Soviet Union Beskov
1989 1 30 17 10 3 49 19 44 QF ECC R16 Soviet Union Rodionov – 16 Soviet Union Romantsev
1990 5 24 12 5 7 39 26 29 R16 UC R32 Soviet Union Shmarov – 12 Soviet Union Romantsev
1991 2 30 17 7 6 57 30 41 QF ECC SF Soviet UnionRussia Mostovoi – 13
Soviet UnionRussia Radchenko – 13
Soviet Union Romantsev
1992 - - W UC R32 - Soviet UnionRussia Romantsev

Russia

Season Div. Pos. Pl. W D L GS GA P Cup Europe Top scorer (league) Manager/acting manager
1992 1st 1 26 18 7 1 62 19 43 - - Russia Radchenko – 12 Russia Romantsev
1993 1 34 21 11 2 81 18 53 R32 CWC SF Russia Beschastnykh – 18 Russia Romantsev
1994 1 30 21 8 1 73 21 50 W UCL GS Russia Beschastnykh – 10 Russia Romantsev
1995 3 30 19 7 5 76 26 63 SF UCL GS Russia Shmarov – 16 Russia Romantsev
1996 1 35 22 9 4 72 35 75 RU UCL QF Russia Tikhonov – 16 Russia Yartsev
1997 1 34 22 7 5 67 30 73 QF UC R32 RussiaUzbekistan Kechinov – 11 Russia Romantsev
1998 1 30 17 8 5 58 27 59 W UCL
UC
Qual.
SF
RussiaUkraine Tsymbalar – 10 Russia Romantsev
1999 1 30 22 6 2 75 24 72 R32 UCL GS Russia Tikhonov – 19 Russia Romantsev
2000 1 30 23 1 6 69 30 70 SF UCL
UC
GS
R32
Russia Titov – 13 Russia Romantsev
2001 1 30 17 9 4 56 30 60 QF UCL 2nd GS Russia Titov – 11
Brazil Robson – 11
Russia Romantsev
2002 3 30 16 7 7 49 36 55 R32 UCL GS Russia Beschastnykh – 12 Russia Romantsev
2003 10 30 10 6 14 38 48 36 W UCL GS Russia Pavlyuchenko – 10 Russia Romantsev
Russia Chernyshov
Russia Fedotov
Italy Scala
2004 8 30 11 7 12 43 44 40 R32 UC
UIC
R16
QF
Russia Pavlyuchenko – 10 Italy Scala
Latvia Starkov
2005 2 30 16 8 6 47 26 56 R32 - Russia Pavlyuchenko – 11 Latvia Starkov
2006 2 30 15 13 2 60 36 58 RU - Russia Pavlyuchenko – 18 Latvia Starkov
Russia Fedotov
2007 2 30 17 8 5 50 30 59 SF UCL
UC
GS
R32
Russia Pavlyuchenko – 14 Russia Fedotov
Russia Cherchesov
2008 8 30 11 11 8 43 39 44 R32 UCL
UC
Qual.
R32
Russia Bazhenov – 6
Russia Pavlyuchenko – 6
Russia Pavlenko – 6
Brazil Welliton – 6
Russia Cherchesov
Denmark M. Laudrup
2009 2 30 17 4 9 61 33 55 QF - Brazil Welliton – 21 Denmark M. Laudrup
Russia Karpin
2010 4 30 13 10 7 43 33 10 R16 UCL
UC
Qual.
GS
Brazil Welliton – 19 Russia Karpin
2011–12 2 44 21 12 11 68 48 75 R16 UC Qual Nigeria Emenike – 13 Russia Karpin
2012–13 4 30 15 6 9 51 39 51 R16 UCL GS Armenia Y. Movsisyan – 13 Spain Emery
Russia Karpin
2013–14 6 30 15 5 10 46 36 50 R16 UC Qual Armenia Y. Movsisyan – 16 Russia Karpin
Russia Gunko
2014–15 6 30 12 8 10 42 42 44 R16 - Netherlands Promes – 13 Switzerland Yakin
2015–16 5 30 15 5 10 48 39 50 R16 - Netherlands Promes – 18 Russia Alenichev
2016–17 1 30 22 3 5 46 27 69 R32 UC Qual Netherlands Promes – 11 Russia Alenichev
Italy Carrera
2017–18 3 30 16 8 6 51 32 56 SF UCL GS Netherlands Promes – 15 Italy Carrera
2018–19 5 30 14 7 9 36 31 49 QF UCL
UEL
Qual.
GS
Cape Verde Zé Luís – 10 Italy Carrera
Russia Kononov
2019–20 7 30 11 6 13 35 33 39 QF UEL Qual. Russia A.Sobolev – 12 Russia Kononov
Germany Tedesco
2020–21 2 30 17 6 7 52 34 57 R16 - Sweden Larsson – 15 Germany Tedesco
2021–22 10 30 10 8 12 16 19 38 W UEL R16[A] Russia A.Sobolev – 9 Portugal Rui Vitoria
Italy Vanoli

Notes

  1. ^ Spartak Moscow had qualified for the round of 16 as a group winner, but were disqualified from the competition before playing that round due to the Russian invasion of Ukraine.[21]

Top goalscorers

As of match played 12 November 2022
Name Years League Russian Cup Europe Other Total
1 Soviet Union Nikita Simonyan 1949–1959 133 (233) ? (?) ? (?) ? (?) 133 (233)
2 Soviet Union Sergey Rodionov 1979–1990
1993–1995
124 (303) ? (?) ? (?) ? (?) 124 (303)
3 Soviet Union Galimzyan Khusainov 1961–1973 102 (350) ? (?) ? (?) ? (?) 102 (350)
4 Russia Yegor Titov 1995–2008 86 (324) 3 (42) 15 (77) 1 (2) 105 (445)
5 Netherlands Quincy Promes 2014–2018
2021–Present
80 (164) 10 (15) 5 (17) 1 (2) 98 (198)
6 Soviet Union Fyodor Cherenkov 1977–1990
1991–1993
95 (398) ? (?) ? (?) ? (?) 95 (398)
7 Russia Andrey Tikhonov 1992–2000
2011
68 (192) 4 (20) 18 (51) - (-) 90 (263)
8 Soviet Union Yuri Gavrilov 1977–1985 89 (280) ? (?) ? (?) ? (?) 89 (280)
8 Russia Roman Pavlyuchenko 2003–2008 69 (141) 4 (17) 14 (28) 2 (3) 89 (189)
10 Soviet Union Anatoli Ilyin 1949–1962 83 (224) ? (?) ? (?) ? (?) 83 (224)
11 Soviet Union Yury Sevidov 1960–1965 71 (146) ? (?) ? (?) ? (?) 71 (146)
12 Russia Vladimir Beschastnykh 1991–1994
2001–2002
56 (104) 6 (11) 5 (28) - (-) 67 (143)
13 Soviet Union Sergei Salnikov 1942–1943
1946–1949
1955–1960
64 (201) ? (?) ? (?) ? (?) 64 (201)
14 Soviet Union Aleksei Paramonov 1947–1959 63 (264) ? (?) ? (?) ? (?) 63 (264)
15 Brazil Welliton 2007–2014 57 (126) 2 (6) 1 (15) - (-) 60 (147)
16 Soviet Union Georgi Yartsev 1977–1980 55 (116) ? (?) ? (?) ? (?) 55 (116)
17 Soviet Union Anatoli Isayev 1953–1962 54 (159) ? (?) ? (?) ? (?) 54 (159)
17 Soviet Union Valeri Shmarov 1987–1991 54 (143) ? (?) ? (?) ? (?) 54 (143)
19 Soviet Union Nikolai Osyanin 1966–1971
1974–1976
50 (248) ? (?) ? (?) ? (?) 50 (248)

Discover more about League history related topics

Soviet Union

Soviet Union

The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR), was a transcontinental country that spanned much of Eurasia from 1922 to 1991. A flagship communist state, it was nominally a federal union of fifteen national republics; in practice, both its government and its economy were highly centralized until its final years. It was a one-party state governed by the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, with the city of Moscow serving as its capital as well as that of its largest and most populous republic: the Russian SFSR. Other major cities included Leningrad, Kiev, Minsk, Tashkent, Alma-Ata, and Novosibirsk. It was the largest country in the world, covering over 22,402,200 square kilometres (8,649,500 sq mi) and spanning eleven time zones.

Soviet Cup

Soviet Cup

The Soviet Cup, or USSR Cup, was the premier football cup competition in the Soviet Union conducted by the Football Federation of the Soviet Union. As a knockout tournament it was conducted parallel to the All-Union league competitions in double round-robin format.

1936 in Soviet football

1936 in Soviet football

The 1936 Soviet football championship was the 6th seasons of competitive football in the Soviet Union split into two halves. FC Dynamo Moscow won the championship in spring and FC Spartak Moscow won it in fall. In the fall the defending champions Dynamo were going neck-in-neck with their main rivals Spartak, but just a round away from the finish line they tied with weaker Dynamo Leningrad which costed them the title.

Soviet Top League

Soviet Top League

The Soviet Top League, known after 1970 as the Higher League, served as the top division of Soviet Union football from 1936 until 1991.

Leonid Rumyantsev

Leonid Rumyantsev

Leonid Rumyantsev was a Soviet footballer. He played for Spartak Moscow between 1935–1940. He was Champion of the USSR in 1936 (j), 1938, 1939, USSR Championship bronze medalist in 1936, 1940, and winner of the USSR Cup in 1938, 1939.

Konstantin Kvashnin

Konstantin Kvashnin

Konstantin Pavlovich Kvashnin was a Soviet Russian football player and manager who managed FC Dynamo Moscow to a championship in the first ever Soviet Top League competition in 1936.

Aleksei Sokolov

Aleksei Sokolov

Aleksei Sokolov was a Russian Orthodox priest. He was the first priest to arrive in Sitka, Alaska from Russia in 1816. He brought the festival icon of St. Michael and the silver-plated icon to the St. Michael's Cathedral. The silver-covered icon is to the right of the main ikonostasis and the festival icon of St. Michael is in the Chapel of Our Lady of Kazan on display in a showcase.

Nickname

The team is usually called "red-and-whites," but among the fans "The Meat" (Russian: "Мясо", "Myaso") is a very popular nickname. The origins of the nickname belong to the days of the foundation of the club; in the 1920s, the team was renamed several times, from "Moscow Sports Club" to "Red Presnya" (after the name of one of the districts of Moscow) to "Pishcheviki" ("Food industry workers") to "Promkooperatsiya" ("Industrial cooperation") and finally to "Spartak Moscow" in 1935, and for many years the team was under patronage of one of the Moscow food factories that dealt with meat products.

One of the most favourite slogans of both the fans and players is, "Who are we? We're The Meat!" (Russian: "Кто мы? Мясо!", "Kto my? Myaso!")

Ownerships, kits and crests

FC Spartak Moscow's main colour is red. In 2014, Nike unveiled kit inspired by the club's new home.[22]

Owners, kit suppliers and shirt sponsors

Period Kit supplier Shirt sponsor Owner
1979–1987 Adidas Spartak society
1988 Danieli
1989 JINDO
1990–1993 Unipack
1994–1996 Urengoygazprom Oleg Romantsev
1997–1998 Akai
1999
2000–2002 Lukoil Andrey Chervichenko
2003–2004 Umbro Leonid Fedun
2005–2022 Nike
2022–present Wildberries Lukoil


Discover more about Ownerships, kits and crests related topics

Adidas

Adidas

Adidas AG is a German multinational corporation, founded and headquartered in Herzogenaurach, Bavaria, that designs and manufactures shoes, clothing and accessories. It is the largest sportswear manufacturer in Europe, and the second largest in the world, after Nike. It is the holding company for the Adidas Group, which consists 8.33% stake of the football club Bayern München, and Runtastic, an Austrian fitness technology company. Adidas's revenue for 2018 was listed at €21.915 billion.

Spartak (sports society)

Spartak (sports society)

Spartak is an international fitness and sports society that unites some countries of the former Soviet Union. In the Soviet era, the Spartak sports society was supported by the Komsomol. Since 1991, Spartak has operated under the sponsorship of the food worker's union ("Pischevik").

Danieli

Danieli

Danieli Group is an Italian supplier of equipment and physical plants to the metal industry. The company is based in Buttrio, in the north-east of Italy. It is one of the world leaders in the production of steel plants, in particular in the long products segment, where it owned more than 60% market share in 2000.

Oleg Romantsev

Oleg Romantsev

Oleg Ivanovich Romantsev is a Soviet/Russian former international footballer and coach. Romantsev was acclaimed for his success with Spartak Moscow, whom he led to a record eight domestic league titles, and his work with the Russian national team. He is considered by some observers to be the finest coach in the history of Russian football.

Akai

Akai

Akai is a Hong Kong manufacturer of consumer electronics. It was founded as Akai Electric Company Ltd in Tokyo, Japan, in 1946. Grande Holdings in Hong Kong purchased the Akai brand, and now distributes various electronic products such as LED TV, washing machines, clothes dryers, air conditioners and smart phones, through collaborations with other electronics companies bearing relevant expertise. inMusic Brands in the United States took over Akai's brand, starting the ‘Akai Professional’ label, that distributes high-end audio electronics products.

Lukoil

Lukoil

The PJSC Lukoil Oil Company is a Russian multinational energy corporation headquartered in Moscow, specializing in the business of extraction, production, transport, and sale of petroleum, natural gas, petroleum products, and electricity. It was formed in 1991 when three state-run, western Siberian companies named after the respective town in Khanty–Mansi Autonomous Okrug that each was based in, Langepasneftegaz, Urayneftegaz, and Kogalymneftegaz, merged. Its name is the combination of the acronym LUK and the English word "oil".

Umbro

Umbro

Umbro is an English sports equipment manufacturer founded in 1924 in Wilmslow, Cheshire and based in Manchester. They specialise in football and rugby sportswear featuring their Double Diamond logo. Umbro products are marketed in over 100 countries.

Leonid Fedun

Leonid Fedun

Leonid Arnoldovich Fedun is a Ukrainian-born Russian billionaire businessman. A close associate of Vagit Alekperov, formerly a key figure in oil company Lukoil and Russia's most successful football club, Spartak Moscow, Fedun himself was involved with the two entities. In fact, between 2004 and 2022, Fedun was Spartak's top official and the second-largest shareholder. His business ventures have earned him numerous state awards. With an estimated wealth of $8.5 billion, critics have labelled Fedun as an oligarch. Prior to entering the private sector, he was a military officer.

Wildberries

Wildberries

Wildberries is the largest Russian online retailer founded in 2004 by Tatyana Bakalchuk. Besides Russia, they have services in 15 other countries: Armenia, Belarus, France, Germany, Israel, Italy, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Poland, Slovakia, Spain, Turkey, the United States and Uzbekistan, with more than 48,000 employees. Wildberries sells 37,000 brands of clothing, shoes, cosmetics, household products, children goods, electronics, books, jewelry, food and much more. The company processes 750,000 orders on average a day online.

Rival teams and friendships

At present, Spartak's archrival is CSKA Moscow, although this is a relatively recent rivalry that has only emerged after the collapse of the USSR. Seven of ten matches with the largest audience in Russian Premier League (including top three) were Spartak-CSKA derbies.[23] Historically, the most celebrated rivalry is with Dynamo Moscow, a fiercely contested matchup which is Russia's oldest derby. Matches against Lokomotiv Moscow and Zenit Saint Petersburg attract thousands of people as well, almost always resulting in packed stadia. Upon the collapse of the Soviet Union, Spartak's rivalry with Dynamo Kyiv, one of the leaders of the USSR championship, was lost. Since Dynamo Kyiv now plays in the Ukrainian Premier League, both teams must qualify for UEFA tournaments to meet each other.

Since the mid-2000s the supporters of Spartak maintain brotherhood relations with Crvena Zvezda and Olympiacos ultras – a friendship based on common Orthodox faith and same club colours. Also fans of Spartak have generally friendly relationships with Torpedo Moscow supporters.

Discover more about Rival teams and friendships related topics

PFC CSKA Moscow

PFC CSKA Moscow

Professional Football Club CSKA , commonly referred to as CSKA Moscow or CSKA Moskva outside of Russia, or simply as CSKA, is a Russian professional football club. It is based in Moscow, playing its home matches at the 30,000-capacity VEB Arena. It plays in red and blue colours, with various plain and striped patterns having been used.

Main Moscow derby

Main Moscow derby

The Main Moscow derby is the name of the association football local derby between two Moscow based teams – Spartak and CSKA. Both Spartak and CSKA fans have recognized each other as rivals.

FC Dynamo Moscow

FC Dynamo Moscow

FC Dynamo Moscow is a Russian football club based in Moscow. Dynamo returned to the Russian Premier League for the 2017–18 season after one season in the second-tier Russian Football National League.

Oldest Russian derby

Oldest Russian derby

The Oldest Russian derby is a football rivalry played between Moscow rivals FC Spartak Moscow and FC Dynamo Moscow. The derby became less intense as Dynamo Moscow has not won a title since 1976 and only once succeeded in domestic competitions since the fall of the Soviet Union. Spartak missed the 1977 season of the Soviet League due to relegation, while Dynamo missed the 2016–17 season of the Russian Premier League.

FC Lokomotiv Moscow

FC Lokomotiv Moscow

FC Lokomotiv Moscow is a Russian professional football club based in Moscow. Lokomotiv have won the Russian Premier League on three occasions; the Soviet Cup twice; and the Russian Cup a record nine times. After the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine, the European Club Association suspended the team.

FC Zenit Saint Petersburg

FC Zenit Saint Petersburg

Football Club Zenit, also known as Zenit Saint Petersburg or simply Zenit, is a Russian professional football club based in Saint Petersburg. Founded in 1925, the club plays in the Russian Premier League. Zenit are the reigning champions of the Russian Premier League. Previously they won the 2007, 2010, 2011–12, 2014–15, 2018–19, 2019–20 and the 2020–21 seasons of the Russian Premier League, as well as the 2007–08 UEFA Cup and the 2008 UEFA Super Cup. The club is owned and sponsored by the Russian state-owned energy giant Gazprom. The team play its home matches at the Gazprom Arena. In March 2022, the club was expelled from all European and international club competitions by FIFA and the UEFA due to the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine. In addition, the European Club Association suspended the team.

FC Dynamo Kyiv

FC Dynamo Kyiv

Football Club Dynamo Kyiv is a Ukrainian professional football club based in Kyiv. Founded in 1927 as a Kyivan football team of republican branch of the bigger Soviet Dynamo Sports Society, the club as a separate business entity was officially formed only in 1989 and currently plays in the Ukrainian Premier League, and has never been relegated to a lower division. The club has secured brand rights from the Ukrainian Dynamo society and has no direct relations to the sports society since 1989. Their home is the 70,050 capacity Olimpiyskiy National Sports Complex.

Ukrainian Premier League

Ukrainian Premier League

The Ukrainian Premier League or UPL is the highest division of Ukrainian annual football championship. As the Vyshcha Liha it was formed in 1991 as part of the 1992 Ukrainian football championship upon discontinuation of the 1991 Soviet football championship and included the Ukraine-based clubs that competed previously in the Soviet top three tiers competitions as well as better clubs of the Ukrainian republican competitions. The initial season of the league featured six former Soviet Top League clubs among which were Dynamo, Shakhtar, Chornomorets, Dnipro, Metalist, Metalurh as well as four more clubs that previously also competed at the top league.

UEFA

UEFA

Union of European Football Associations is one of six continental bodies of governance in association football. It governs football, futsal and beach football in Europe and the transcontinental countries of Russia, Turkey, Azerbaijan, Georgia, and Kazakhstan, as well as Asian countries such as Israel, Cyprus and Armenia. UEFA consists of 55 national association members. Because of the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine, FIFA and UEFA suspended all Russian national teams and clubs from any FIFA and UEFA competitions.

Red Star Belgrade

Red Star Belgrade

Fudbalski klub Crvena zvezda, commonly known as Red Star Belgrade in English-language media, is a Serbian professional football club based in Belgrade, and a major part of the Red Star multi-sport club.

Olympiacos F.C.

Olympiacos F.C.

Olympiacos Club of Fans of Piraeus, known simply as Olympiacos or Olympiacos Piraeus, is a Greek professional football club based in Piraeus, Attica. Part of the major multi-sport club Olympiacos CFP, their name was inspired from the ancient Olympic Games and along with the club's emblem, the laurel-crowned Olympic athlete, symbolize the Olympic ideals of ancient Greece. Their home ground is the Karaiskakis Stadium, a 32,115-capacity stadium in Piraeus.

Stadium

Until 2014, Spartak had never had its own stadium, with the team historically playing in various Moscow stadia throughout its history, even once playing an exhibition match in Red Square. The team played home games at various Moscow stadiums – especially at the Locomotiv and Luzhniki stadiums. After the purchase of the club by Andrei Chervichenko in the early 2000s, several statements were made about the speedy construction of the stadium, but construction did not begin.

After a controlling stake in the club was bought by Leonid Fedun, real steps were taken to promote the stadium project, and in 2006, the Government of Moscow allocated land at Tushino Aeropol at a size of 28.3 hectares for the construction of the stadium. The project involved the main arena of 42,000 people with natural lawn, sports, and an entertainment hall for tennis, handball, basketball and volleyball for 12,000 spectators. The ceremony of laying the first stone took place on 2 June 2007.

In February 2013, it was announced that as a result of a sponsorship deal with Otkritie FC Bank ("Discovery"), the stadium will be called Otkritie Arena for 6 years. The opening match at the new stadium took place on 5 September 2014, when Spartak drew with the Serbian side Red Star Belgrade (1-1). The first competitive match took place on 14 September 2014, in which Spartak defeated Torpedo Moscow 3–1 in the 7th round of the championship.

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Red Square

Red Square

Red Square is one of the oldest and largest squares in Moscow, the capital of Russia. Owing to its historical significance and the adjacent historical buildings, it is regarded as one of the most famous squares in Europe and the world. It is located in Moscow's historic centre, in the eastern walls of the Kremlin. It is the city landmark of Moscow, with iconic buildings such as Saint Basil's Cathedral, Lenin's Mausoleum and the GUM. In addition, it has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1990.

Luzhniki Stadium

Luzhniki Stadium

Luzhniki Stadium is the national stadium of Russia, located in its capital city, Moscow. The full name of the stadium is Grand Sports Arena of the Luzhniki Olympic Complex. Its total seating capacity of 81,000 makes it the largest football stadium in Russia and the ninth-largest stadium in Europe. The stadium is a part of the Luzhniki Olympic Complex, and is located in Khamovniki District of the Central Administrative Okrug of Moscow city. The name Luzhniki derives from the flood meadows in the bend of Moskva River where the stadium was built, translating roughly as "The Meadows". The stadium is located at Luzhniki Street, 24, Moscow.

Otkritie FC Bank

Otkritie FC Bank

PJSC "Bank Otkrytie Financial Corporation" or Otkrytie FC Bank is one of Russia's largest full-service commercial banks. It has more than 440 offices of different formats in Russia. It was co-founded by Igor Finogenov, now CEO of the Eurasian Development Bank.

Otkritie Arena

Otkritie Arena

Otkritie Bank Arena, also known as Spartak Stadium, is a multi-purpose stadium north-west of Moscow, Russia. The venue is used mostly for football matches, hosting the home matches of Spartak Moscow.

Red Star Belgrade

Red Star Belgrade

Fudbalski klub Crvena zvezda, commonly known as Red Star Belgrade in English-language media, is a Serbian professional football club based in Belgrade, and a major part of the Red Star multi-sport club.

Players

Current squad

As of 27 January 2023

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Pos. Nation Player
4 DF Paraguay PAR Alexis Duarte
5 DF Russia RUS Leon Klassen
7 FW Russia RUS Aleksandr Sobolev
8 MF Nigeria NGA Victor Moses
9 FW Senegal SEN Keita Baldé
10 FW Netherlands NED Quincy Promes
11 FW Jamaica JAM Shamar Nicholson
13 DF Poland POL Maciej Rybus
14 DF Russia RUS Georgi Dzhikiya (captain)
17 MF Russia RUS Anton Zinkovsky
18 MF Russia RUS Nail Umyarov
20 DF Portugal POR Tomás Tavares
22 MF Russia RUS Mikhail Ignatov
No. Pos. Nation Player
23 DF Russia RUS Nikita Chernov
25 MF Russia RUS Danil Prutsev
31 GK Russia RUS Anton Shitov
35 MF Luxembourg LUX Christopher Martins
39 DF Russia RUS Pavel Maslov
47 MF Russia RUS Roman Zobnin
57 GK Russia RUS Aleksandr Selikhov
68 DF Russia RUS Ruslan Litvinov
70 DF Russia RUS Pavel Melyoshin
82 MF Russia RUS Daniil Khlusevich
87 MF Russia RUS Daniil Zorin
97 DF Russia RUS Daniil Denisov
98 GK Russia RUS Aleksandr Maksimenko

Other players under contract

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Pos. Nation Player
FW Russia RUS Artur Maksimchuk

Out on loan

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Pos. Nation Player
GK Russia RUS Ilya Svinov (at Fakel Voronezh)
DF Belgium BEL Maximiliano Caufriez (at Clermont)
DF Russia RUS Ilya Golosov (at Kuban Krasnodar)
DF Russia RUS Nikolai Tolstopyatov (at KAMAZ)
MF Russia RUS Nikita Bakalyuk (at Arsenal Tula)
MF Czech Republic CZE Alex Král (at Schalke 04)
No. Pos. Nation Player
MF Russia RUS Maksim Laykin (at Neftekhimik Nizhnekamsk)
MF Russia RUS Konstantin Shiltsov (at Pari NN)
MF Russia RUS Fanil Sungatulin (at Ural Yekaterinburg)
FW Russia RUS Stepan Oganesyan (at Orenburg)
FW Russia RUS Vladislav Shitov (at Krylia Sovetov Samara)

Notable players

Had international caps for their respective countries, or held any club record. Players whose name is listed in bold represented their countries while playing for Spartak. For further list, see List of FC Spartak Moscow players.

Russia/USSR
Former USSR countries
Europe
South and Central America
Africa

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FIFA eligibility rules

FIFA eligibility rules

As the governing body of association football, FIFA is responsible for maintaining and implementing the rules that determine whether an association football player is eligible to represent a particular country in officially recognised international competitions and friendly matches. In the 20th century, FIFA allowed a player to represent any national team, as long as the player held citizenship of that country. In 2004, in reaction to the growing trend towards naturalisation of foreign players in some countries, FIFA implemented a significant new ruling that requires a player to demonstrate a "clear connection" to any country they wish to represent. FIFA has used its authority to overturn results of competitive international matches that feature ineligible players.

Defender (association football)

Defender (association football)

In the sport of association football, a defender is an outfield position whose primary role is to stop attacks during the game and prevent the opposition from scoring.

Paraguayan Football Association

Paraguayan Football Association

The Paraguayan Football Association, is the omnibus governing body of football in Paraguay. It organizes the Paraguayan football league, including futsal and beach soccer, as well as and the Paraguay national football team. It is based in the city of Luque, near the capital city, Asunción. Football is the most popular sport in Paraguay.

Alexis Duarte

Alexis Duarte

Alexis David Duarte Pereira is a Paraguayan professional footballer who plays as a centre-back for Russian Premier League club Spartak Moscow.

Leon Klassen

Leon Klassen

Leon Klassen is a German Russian professional footballer who plays as a left-back for Russian club Spartak Moscow. He has represented Russia internationally at various youth levels.

Forward (association football)

Forward (association football)

Forwards are outfield positions in an association football team who play the furthest up the pitch and are therefore most responsible for scoring goals as well as assisting them. As with any attacking player, the role of the forward relies heavily on being able to create space for attack.

Aleksandr Sobolev

Aleksandr Sobolev

Aleksandr Sergeyevich Sobolev is a Russian professional footballer who plays as a striker for Spartak Moscow and the Russia national team.

Midfielder

Midfielder

A midfielder is an outfield position in association football. Midfielders may play an exclusively defensive role, breaking up attacks, and are in that case known as defensive midfielders. As central midfielders often go across boundaries, with mobility and passing ability, they are often referred to as deep-lying midfielders, play-makers, box-to-box midfielders, or holding midfielders. There are also attacking midfielders with limited defensive assignments.

Nigeria Football Federation

Nigeria Football Federation

The Nigeria Football Federation is Nigeria's football governing body. It was formally launched in 1945 and formed the first Nigerian national football team in 1949. It joined CAF in 1959 and FIFA in 1960. The NFF headquarters is located in the city of Abuja.

Keita Baldé

Keita Baldé

Keita Baldé Diao, commonly known as Keita Baldé, is a Senegalese professional footballer who plays as a winger for Russian club Spartak Moscow. Born in Spain, he decided to represent Senegal – his parents' country of origin – at international level.

Royal Dutch Football Association

Royal Dutch Football Association

The Royal Dutch Football Association is the governing body of football in the Netherlands. It organises the main Dutch football leagues, the amateur leagues, the KNVB Cup, and the Dutch men's and women's national teams.

Quincy Promes

Quincy Promes

Quincy Anton Promes is a Dutch professional footballer who plays as a forward or attacking midfielder for Russian Premier League club Spartak Moscow. He is a former Netherlands national team player.

Staff

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Russia

Russia

Russia, or the Russian Federation, is a transcontinental country spanning Eastern Europe and Northern Asia. It is the largest country in the world, with its internationally recognised territory covering 17,098,246 square kilometres (6,601,670 sq mi), and encompassing one-eighth of Earth's inhabitable landmass. Russia extends across eleven time zones and shares land boundaries with fourteen countries. It is the world's ninth-most populous country and Europe's most populous country, with a population of 146 million people. The country's capital and largest city is Moscow. Saint Petersburg is Russia's cultural centre and second-largest city. Other major urban areas include Novosibirsk, Yekaterinburg, Nizhny Novgorod, and Kazan.

Vagit Alekperov

Vagit Alekperov

Vagit Yusufovich Alekperov is a Russian–Azerbaijani businessman. He was the President of the oil company Lukoil from 1993 until 2022. As of 16 April 2021, according to Bloomberg Billionaires Index by Bloomberg L.P., Alekperov has an estimated net worth of US$19.6 billion, making him the ninety-fourth wealthiest person in the world and the fifth in Russia. Alekperov previously owned a 36.8% stake in football club Spartak Moscow. Fellow former Spartak owner Leonid Fedun is Akelperov's close associate. Alekperov also owns superyacht builder Heesen Yachts.

Leonid Fedun

Leonid Fedun

Leonid Arnoldovich Fedun is a Ukrainian-born Russian billionaire businessman. A close associate of Vagit Alekperov, formerly a key figure in oil company Lukoil and Russia's most successful football club, Spartak Moscow, Fedun himself was involved with the two entities. In fact, between 2004 and 2022, Fedun was Spartak's top official and the second-largest shareholder. His business ventures have earned him numerous state awards. With an estimated wealth of $8.5 billion, critics have labelled Fedun as an oligarch. Prior to entering the private sector, he was a military officer.

England

England

England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom. It shares land borders with Wales to its west and Scotland to its north. The Irish Sea lies northwest and the Celtic Sea to the southwest. It is separated from continental Europe by the North Sea to the east and the English Channel to the south. The country covers five-eighths of the island of Great Britain, which lies in the North Atlantic, and includes over 100 smaller islands, such as the Isles of Scilly and the Isle of Wight.

Paul Ashworth

Paul Ashworth

Paul Anthony Ashworth is an English football manager and former player.

Spain

Spain

Spain, or the Kingdom of Spain, is a country primarily located in southwestern Europe with parts of territory in the Atlantic Ocean and across the Mediterranean Sea. The largest part of Spain is situated on the Iberian Peninsula; its territory also includes the Canary Islands in the Atlantic Ocean, the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean Sea, and the autonomous cities of Ceuta and Melilla in Africa. The country's mainland is bordered to the south by Gibraltar; to the south and east by the Mediterranean Sea; to the north by France, Andorra and the Bay of Biscay; and to the west by Portugal and the Atlantic Ocean. With an area of 505,990 km2 (195,360 sq mi), Spain is the second-largest country in the European Union (EU) and, with a population exceeding 47.4 million, the fourth-most populous EU member state. Spain's capital and largest city is Madrid; other major urban areas include Barcelona, Valencia, Seville, Zaragoza, Málaga, Murcia, Palma de Mallorca, Las Palmas de Gran Canaria and Bilbao.

Guille Abascal

Guille Abascal

Guillermo "Guille" Abascal Pérez is a Spanish professional football manager and former player who currently manages Russian club Spartak Moscow.

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Bosnia and Herzegovina, abbreviated BiH (БиХ) or B&H, sometimes called Bosnia–Herzegovina and often known informally as Bosnia, is a country at the crossroads of south and southeast Europe, located in the Balkans. Bosnia and Herzegovina borders Serbia to the east, Montenegro to the southeast, and Croatia to the north and southwest. In the south it has a narrow coast on the Adriatic Sea within the Mediterranean, which is about 20 kilometres long and surrounds the town of Neum. Bosnia, which is the inland region of the country, has a moderate continental climate with hot summers and cold, snowy winters. In the central and eastern regions of the country, the geography is mountainous, in the northwest it is moderately hilly, and in the northeast it is predominantly flat. Herzegovina, which is the smaller, southern region of the country, has a Mediterranean climate and is mostly mountainous. Sarajevo is the capital and the largest city of the country followed by Banja Luka, Tuzla and Zenica.

Vasili Kuznetsov (footballer)

Vasili Kuznetsov (footballer)

Vasili Aleksandrovich Kuznetsov is a Russian professional football coach and a former goalkeeper. He works as a goalkeepers' coach with the Under-20 squad of FC Spartak Moscow.

Aleksei Melyoshin

Aleksei Melyoshin

Aleksei Vladislavovich Melyoshin is a Russian football coach and a former player.

Coaches

Discover more about Coaches related topics

First Czechoslovak Republic

First Czechoslovak Republic

The First Czechoslovak Republic, often colloquially referred to as the First Republic, was the first Czechoslovak state that existed from 1918 to 1938, a union of ethnic Czechs and Slovaks. The country was commonly called Czechoslovakia, a compound of Czech and Slovak; which gradually became the most widely used name for its successor states. It was composed of former territories of Austria-Hungary, inheriting different systems of administration from the formerly Austrian and Hungarian territories.

Soviet Union

Soviet Union

The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR), was a transcontinental country that spanned much of Eurasia from 1922 to 1991. A flagship communist state, it was nominally a federal union of fifteen national republics; in practice, both its government and its economy were highly centralized until its final years. It was a one-party state governed by the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, with the city of Moscow serving as its capital as well as that of its largest and most populous republic: the Russian SFSR. Other major cities included Leningrad, Kiev, Minsk, Tashkent, Alma-Ata, and Novosibirsk. It was the largest country in the world, covering over 22,402,200 square kilometres (8,649,500 sq mi) and spanning eleven time zones.

Konstantin Kvashnin

Konstantin Kvashnin

Konstantin Pavlovich Kvashnin was a Soviet Russian football player and manager who managed FC Dynamo Moscow to a championship in the first ever Soviet Top League competition in 1936.

Vladimir Gorokhov

Vladimir Gorokhov

Vladimir Ivanovich Gorokhov was a Soviet football player and coach.

Pyotr Isakov

Pyotr Isakov

Pyotr Yefimovich Isakov was a Soviet football player and manager.

Source: "FC Spartak Moscow", Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, (2023, January 27th), https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/FC_Spartak_Moscow.

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References
  1. ^ "Russian oil firm Lukoil acquires Spartak Moscow soccer club". Reuters. 22 August 2022. Retrieved 22 August 2022.
  2. ^ History of Spartak Archived 5 May 2006 at the Wayback Machine, fcspartak.ru (in Russian)
  3. ^ "History of Spartak 1936" (in Russian). Retrieved 28 November 2007.
  4. ^ Robert Edelman, Spartak Moscow: A History of the People's Team in the Worker's State. Cornell University Press, 2009.
  5. ^ "Labour Olympiads 1925-1937". www.rsssf.org. Retrieved 25 January 2023.
  6. ^ Зайкин, В. (20 July 1989). Трагедия в Лужниках. Факты и вымысел. Известия (in Russian) (202). Archived from the original on 15 September 2018. Retrieved 6 February 2012.
  7. ^ All-star Spartak rise again Archived 16 October 2007 at the Wayback Machine, Eduard Nisenboim, uefa.com
  8. ^ "Антирекорд: "Спартак" потерпел в Ливерпуле крупнейшее поражение в истории". 7 December 2017.
  9. ^ "Which sports have banned Russian athletes?". BBC Sport.
  10. ^ "FIFA/UEFA suspend Russian clubs and national teams from all competitions". FIFA. 28 February 2022. Retrieved 4 March 2022.
  11. ^ "Russian football clubs banned from UEFA cups, Spartak Moscow ousted from Europa League after suspension". sportingnews.com.
  12. ^ ""Спартак" обыграл "Динамо" и стал 4-кратным победителем Кубка России" (in Russian). Russian Premier League. 29 May 2022.
  13. ^ a b https://twitter.com/fcsm_eng/status/1535017628611268608 Archived 20 June 2022 at the Wayback Machine
  14. ^ "Guillermo Abascal appointed head coach of FC Spartak Moscow". TASS. Retrieved 25 January 2023.
  15. ^ "Контракт футбольного тренера Абаскаля со "Спартаком" рассчитан на два года - ТАСС". TACC. Retrieved 25 January 2023.
  16. ^ Спорт, РИА Новости (17 June 2022). "Новый тренерский штаб "Спартака" пополнился тремя иностранцами". РИА Новости Спорт (in Russian). Retrieved 25 January 2023.
  17. ^ Afanasiev, Vladimir (2 September 2022). "Lukoil buys Spartak from former executive | Upstream Online". Upstream Online | Latest oil and gas news. Retrieved 25 January 2023.
  18. ^ Хрущ, Максим. "Леонид Федун владел «Спартаком» 18 лет и 4 месяца, за это время команда выиграла 3 титула". www.championat.com (in Russian). Retrieved 25 January 2023.
  19. ^ "Вице-президент ЛУКОЙЛа Матыцын возглавил совет директоров «Спартака»". www.kommersant.ru (in Russian). 26 September 2022. Retrieved 25 January 2023.
  20. ^ "Глава совета директоров "Спартака": красно-белый альянс должен побеждать - Интервью ТАСС". TACC. Retrieved 25 January 2023.
  21. ^ "FIFA/UEFA suspend Russian clubs and national teams from all competitions". UEFA. 28 February 2022. Retrieved 28 February 2022.
  22. ^ "Spartak Moscow and Nike Unveil the New Home and Away Kit for 2014-15 Season". Nike News.
  23. ^ "РОСГОССТРАХ – ЧЕМПИОНАТ РОССИИ. ПРЕМЬЕР-ЛИГА. 15-й тур• ЦСКА – "СПАРТАК" – 1:2• 70 000 – НОВЫЙ РЕКОРД ЧЕМПИОНАТОВ РОССИИ!• Самые посещаемые матчи в истории чемпионатов России". sport-express.ru.
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