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Etbin Henrik Costa

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Etbin Henrik Costa
Etbin Henrik Costa

Etbin Henrik Costa (18 October 1832 – 28 January 1875) was a Slovene national conservative politician and author. Together with Janez Bleiweis and Lovro Toman, he was one of the leaders of the Old Slovene political party.

Grave marker of Etbin Henrik Costa and his father Henrik Costa at Navje Memorial Park in Ljubljana
Grave marker of Etbin Henrik Costa and his father Henrik Costa at Navje Memorial Park in Ljubljana

He was born in a wealthy bureaucrat family of Italian origin in the Lower Carniolan town of Novo Mesto, then part of the Austrian Empire (now in Slovenia), and baptized Ethbin Heinrich Costa.[1] His father Henrik Costa (1796–1870) was a historian. Etbin Henrik Costa graduated in philosophy at the University of Vienna and law at the University of Graz.

In 1855, he moved to Ljubljana, where he opened a legal practice. He joined the Slovene National Movement, and became one of the leaders of its conservative stream. He was elected to the Carniolan Provincial Diet, and to the Austrian Imperial Council. Between 1864 and 1869, he served as the first Slovene nationalist mayor of Ljubljana; when he was elected in June 1864, the Slovene national flag was flown on the Ljubljana town hall.[2] His mayorship was utterly unsuccessful, and helped to lay the path to the Austrian Centralist victory in the elections of 1869. After the late 1860s, Costa became one of the most unpopular Slovene national politicians, and the main target of criticism by the national liberal Young Slovenes.[3]

Costa was active in many Slovene cultural, political and sport associations. Among other things, he served as president of the scientific association Slovenska matica,[4] and of the Slovene section of the Sokol movement.[5]

He died in Ljubljana in 1875.

Discover more about Etbin Henrik Costa related topics

Author

Author

An author is the writer of a book, article, play, mostly written work. A broader definition of the word "author" states:

Janez Bleiweis

Janez Bleiweis

Janez Bleiweis was a Slovene conservative politician, journalist, physician, veterinarian, and public figure. He was the leader of the so-called Old Slovene political movement. Already during his lifetime, he was called father of the nation.

Lovro Toman

Lovro Toman

Lovro Toman was a Slovene Romantic nationalist revolutionary activist during the Revolution of 1848, known as the person who in Ljubljana, at the Wolf Street 8, raised the Slovene tricolor for the first time in history in response to a German flag raised on top of the Ljubljana Castle. Later he helped founding one of the first Slovene publishing houses, the Slovenska matica. He was a Slovene national conservative politician and member of the Austrian Parliament. Together with Janez Bleiweis and Etbin Henrik Costa, he was part of the leadership of the Old Slovene party.

Bureaucrat

Bureaucrat

A bureaucrat is a member of a bureaucracy and can compose the administration of any organization of any size, although the term usually connotes someone within an institution of government.

Italians

Italians

Italians are the citizens and nationals of Italy and the primarily Romance-speaking ethnic group native to the Italian geographical region and its neighboring insular territories. Italians share a common culture, history, ancestry and language. They are the heirs of three of the most important ancient civilizations: the Greek one which fluorished in Magna Graecia, the Etruscan one and the Roman one, which assimilated the former two. Legally, Italian nationals are citizens of Italy, regardless of ancestry or nation of residence and may be distinguished from ethnic Italians in general or from people of Italian descent without Italian citizenship and ethnic Italians living in territories adjacent to the Italian peninsula without Italian citizenship. The Latin equivalent of the term Italian had been in use for natives of the geographical region since antiquity.

Lower Carniola

Lower Carniola

Lower Carniola is a traditional region in Slovenia, the southeastern part of the historical Carniola region.

Novo Mesto

Novo Mesto

Novo Mesto is a city on a bend of the Krka River in the City Municipality of Novo Mesto in southeastern Slovenia, close to the border with Croatia. The town is traditionally considered the economic and cultural centre of the historical Lower Carniola region.

Austrian Empire

Austrian Empire

The Austrian Empire was a Central-Eastern European multinational great power from 1804 to 1867, created by proclamation out of the realms of the Habsburgs. During its existence, it was the third most populous monarchy in Europe after the Russian Empire and the United Kingdom. Along with Prussia, it was one of the two major powers of the German Confederation. Geographically, it was the third-largest empire in Europe after the Russian Empire and the First French Empire.

Ljubljana

Ljubljana

Ljubljana is the capital and largest city of Slovenia. It is the country's cultural, educational, economic, political and administrative center.

Carniola

Carniola

Carniola is a historical region that comprised parts of present-day Slovenia. Although as a whole it does not exist anymore, Slovenes living within the former borders of the region still tend to identify with its traditional parts Upper Carniola, Lower Carniola, and to a lesser degree with Inner Carniola. In 1991, 47% of the population of Slovenia lived within the borders of the former Duchy of Carniola.

Diet (assembly)

Diet (assembly)

In politics, a diet is a formal deliberative assembly. The term is used historically for deliberative assemblies such as the German Imperial Diet, as well as a designation for modern-day legislative bodies of certain countries and states such as the National Diet of Japan, or the German Bundestag, the Federal Diet.

Flag of Slovenia

Flag of Slovenia

The national flag of Slovenia features three equal horizontal bands of white (top), blue, and red, with the Coat of arms of Slovenia located in the upper hoist side of the flag centered in the white and blue bands. The coat of arms is a shield with the image of Mount Triglav, Slovenia's highest peak, in white against a blue background at the center; beneath it are two wavy blue lines representing the Adriatic Sea and local rivers, and above it are three six-pointed golden stars arranged in an inverted triangle which are taken from the coat of arms of the Counts of Celje, the great Slovene dynastic house of the late 14th and early 15th centuries.

Source: "Etbin Henrik Costa", Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, (2022, November 25th), https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Etbin_Henrik_Costa.

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References
  1. ^ Taufbuch. Novo Mesto – Kapitelj. 1828–1869. p. 19. Retrieved November 25, 2022.
  2. ^ "O Ljubljani".
  3. ^ "Full text of "Spomini"". 1905.
  4. ^ "Slovenska Matica". Archived from the original on 2011-10-03. Retrieved 2009-06-01.
  5. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-07-27. Retrieved 2009-06-01.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
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