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Emelda Okiro

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Emelda Aluoch Okiro (born 1977) is a Kenyan public health researcher who is lead of the Population Health Unit at the Kenya Medical Research InstituteWellcome Trust program in Kenya. She looks to understand the determinants of health transitions and to evaluate access to health information. She is a Fellow of the African Academy of Sciences.

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Kenya Medical Research Institute

Kenya Medical Research Institute

The Kenya Medical Research Institute (KEMRI) is a state corporation established through the Science and Technology (Amendment) Act of 1979,, during the tenure of Nicholas Biwott as Minister of State, as the national body responsible for carrying out health research in Kenya.

Wellcome Trust

Wellcome Trust

The Wellcome Trust is a charitable foundation focused on health research based in London, in the United Kingdom. It was established in 1936 with legacies from the pharmaceutical magnate Henry Wellcome to fund research to improve human and animal health. The aim of the Trust is to "support science to solve the urgent health challenges facing everyone." It had a financial endowment of £29.1 billion in 2020, making it the fourth wealthiest charitable foundation in the world. In 2012, the Wellcome Trust was described by the Financial Times as the United Kingdom's largest provider of non-governmental funding for scientific research, and one of the largest providers in the world. According to their annual report, the Wellcome Trust spent GBP £1.1Bn on charitable activities across their 2019/2020 financial year. According to the OECD, the Wellcome Trust's financing for 2019 development increased by 22% to US$327 million.

Kenya

Kenya

Kenya, officially the Republic of Kenya, is a country in East Africa. At 580,367 square kilometres (224,081 sq mi), Kenya is the world's 48th largest country by area. With a population of more than 47.6 million in the 2019 census, Kenya is the 29th most populous country in the world. Kenya's capital and largest city is Nairobi, while its oldest, currently second largest city, and first capital is the coastal city of Mombasa. Kisumu City is the third-largest city and also an inland port on Lake Victoria. Other important urban centres include Nakuru and Eldoret. As of 2020, Kenya is the third-largest economy in sub-Saharan Africa after Nigeria and South Africa. Kenya is bordered by South Sudan to the northwest, Ethiopia to the north, Somalia to the east, Uganda to the west, Tanzania to the south, and the Indian Ocean to the southeast. Its geography, climate and population vary widely, ranging from cold snow-capped mountaintops with vast surrounding forests, wildlife and fertile agricultural regions to temperate climates in western and rift valley counties and dry less fertile arid and semi-arid areas and absolute deserts.

African Academy of Sciences

African Academy of Sciences

The African Academy of Sciences (AAS) is a non-aligned, non-political, not-for-profit, pan-African learned society formed in 1985.

Early life and education

Okiro was born in Kenya, one of nine siblings.[1] She went to school in Nairobi and Kitale.[1] She was an undergraduate Egerton University, where she majored in biochemistry and chemistry.[1] She completed her doctoral research between the Open University and University of Warwick, studying the respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) and how it is transmitted in the household and community.[2][3] She collected data in Kilifi, where almost twenty thousand infants a year are hospitalised from RSV-induced pneumonia.[1] She showed that saliva samples could be use to diagnose RSV, which would avoid the need for blood samples.[1] After earning her doctorate, she moved to the University of Nairobi, where she worked on malaria. She studied how plasmodium falciparum varied in sites with different malaria endemicities.[4] She moved to the University of Washington Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, where she worked on the Access, Bottlenecks, Costs and Equity (ABCE) project.[5]

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Kenya

Kenya

Kenya, officially the Republic of Kenya, is a country in East Africa. At 580,367 square kilometres (224,081 sq mi), Kenya is the world's 48th largest country by area. With a population of more than 47.6 million in the 2019 census, Kenya is the 29th most populous country in the world. Kenya's capital and largest city is Nairobi, while its oldest, currently second largest city, and first capital is the coastal city of Mombasa. Kisumu City is the third-largest city and also an inland port on Lake Victoria. Other important urban centres include Nakuru and Eldoret. As of 2020, Kenya is the third-largest economy in sub-Saharan Africa after Nigeria and South Africa. Kenya is bordered by South Sudan to the northwest, Ethiopia to the north, Somalia to the east, Uganda to the west, Tanzania to the south, and the Indian Ocean to the southeast. Its geography, climate and population vary widely, ranging from cold snow-capped mountaintops with vast surrounding forests, wildlife and fertile agricultural regions to temperate climates in western and rift valley counties and dry less fertile arid and semi-arid areas and absolute deserts.

Nairobi

Nairobi

Nairobi is the capital and largest city of Kenya. The name is derived from the Maasai phrase Enkare Nairobi, which translates to "place of cool waters", a reference to the Nairobi River which flows through the city. The city proper had a population of 4,397,073 in the 2019 census, while the metropolitan area has a projected population in 2022 of 10.8 million. The city is commonly referred to as the Green City in the Sun.

Kitale

Kitale

Kitale is an agricultural town in northern Rift Valley Kenya situated between Mount Elgon and the Cherangany Hills at an elevation of around 1,900 metres (6,200 ft). Its population is 106,187 as of 2009. Kitale is the headquarter town of Trans-Nzoia County. Kitale is reachable by air through Kitale Airport. The postal code for Kitale is 30200.

Egerton University

Egerton University

Egerton University is a public university in Kenya. It is the oldest institution of higher education in Kenya.

Open University

Open University

The Open University (OU) is a British public research university and the largest university in the United Kingdom by number of students. The majority of the OU's undergraduate students are based in the United Kingdom and principally study off-campus; many of its courses can also be studied anywhere in the world. There are also a number of full-time postgraduate research students based on the 48-hectare university campus in Milton Keynes, where they use the OU facilities for research, as well as more than 1,000 members of academic and research staff and over 2,500 administrative, operational and support staff.

University of Warwick

University of Warwick

The University of Warwick is a public research university on the outskirts of Coventry between the West Midlands and Warwickshire, England. The university was founded in 1965 as part of a government initiative to expand higher education. The Warwick Business School was established in 1967, the Warwick Law School in 1968, Warwick Manufacturing Group (WMG) in 1980, and Warwick Medical School in 2000. Warwick incorporated Coventry College of Education in 1979 and Horticulture Research International in 2004.

Respiratory syncytial virus

Respiratory syncytial virus

Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), also called human respiratory syncytial virus (hRSV) and human orthopneumovirus, is a common, contagious virus that causes infections of the respiratory tract. It is a negative-sense, single-stranded RNA virus. Its name is derived from the large cells known as syncytia that form when infected cells fuse.

Kilifi

Kilifi

Kilifi is a town on the coast of Kenya, 56 kilometres (35 mi) northeast by road of Mombasa. The town lies on the Kilifi Creek and sits on the estuary of the Goshi River. Kilifi is capital of the Kilifi County and has a population of 122,899.

University of Nairobi

University of Nairobi

The University of Nairobi is a collegiate research university based in Nairobi. It is the largest university in Kenya. Although its history as an educational institution dates back to 1956, it did not become an independent university until 1970. During that year, the University of East Africa was split into three independent universities: Makerere University in Uganda, the University of Dar es Salaam in Tanzania, and the University of Nairobi in Kenya.

Plasmodium falciparum

Plasmodium falciparum

Plasmodium falciparum is a unicellular protozoan parasite of humans, and the deadliest species of Plasmodium that causes malaria in humans. The parasite is transmitted through the bite of a female Anopheles mosquito and causes the disease's most dangerous form, falciparum malaria. It is responsible for around 50% of all malaria cases. P. falciparum is therefore regarded as the deadliest parasite in humans. It is also associated with the development of blood cancer and is classified as a Group 2A (probable) carcinogen.

University of Washington

University of Washington

The University of Washington is a public research university in Seattle, Washington.

Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation

Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation

The Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME) is a research institute working in the area of global health statistics and impact evaluation at the University of Washington in Seattle. The Institute is headed by Christopher J.L. Murray, a physician and health economist, and professor at the University of Washington Department of Global Health, which is part of the School of Medicine. IHME conducts research and trains scientists, policymakers, and the public in health metrics concepts, methods, and tools. Its mission includes judging the effectiveness and efficacy of health initiatives and national health systems. IHME also trains students at the post-baccalaureate and post-graduate levels.

Research and career

Okiro worked as a program officer at the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, where she was based in the Global Health Team. She studied the impact of malaria control and anti-retroviral programs,[6] and was responsible for setting up and coordinating the Malaria Modelling Consortium.[7] She left the Foundation to work at the Philips Research Lab in Africa.

Okiro was appointed to the Population Health Unit at the Kenya Medical Research InstituteWellcome Trust in 2016.[8] She is investigating the epidemiology of malaria, and works to strengthen the use of health data in policy making.[9] She is interested in the spatial heterogeneity of child survival across Kenya.[4] She was elected to the African Academy of Sciences in 2020.[6]

In 2022, Okiro was one of five African researchers to be awarded a Wellcome Trust Senior Research Fellowship.[10] That year she was made professor.[11]

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Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation

Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation

The Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation (BMGF), a merging of the William H. Gates Foundation and the Gates Learning Foundation, is an American private foundation founded by Bill Gates and Melinda French Gates. Based in Seattle, Washington, it was launched in 2000 and is reported as of 2020 to be the second largest charitable foundation in the world, holding $49.8 billion in assets. On his 43rd birthday, Bill Gates gave the foundation $1 billion. The primary stated goals of the foundation are to enhance healthcare and reduce extreme poverty across the world, and to expand educational opportunities and access to information technology in the U.S. Key individuals of the foundation include Bill Gates, Melinda French Gates, Warren Buffett, chief executive officer Mark Suzman, and Michael Larson.

Kenya Medical Research Institute

Kenya Medical Research Institute

The Kenya Medical Research Institute (KEMRI) is a state corporation established through the Science and Technology (Amendment) Act of 1979,, during the tenure of Nicholas Biwott as Minister of State, as the national body responsible for carrying out health research in Kenya.

Wellcome Trust

Wellcome Trust

The Wellcome Trust is a charitable foundation focused on health research based in London, in the United Kingdom. It was established in 1936 with legacies from the pharmaceutical magnate Henry Wellcome to fund research to improve human and animal health. The aim of the Trust is to "support science to solve the urgent health challenges facing everyone." It had a financial endowment of £29.1 billion in 2020, making it the fourth wealthiest charitable foundation in the world. In 2012, the Wellcome Trust was described by the Financial Times as the United Kingdom's largest provider of non-governmental funding for scientific research, and one of the largest providers in the world. According to their annual report, the Wellcome Trust spent GBP £1.1Bn on charitable activities across their 2019/2020 financial year. According to the OECD, the Wellcome Trust's financing for 2019 development increased by 22% to US$327 million.

African Academy of Sciences

African Academy of Sciences

The African Academy of Sciences (AAS) is a non-aligned, non-political, not-for-profit, pan-African learned society formed in 1985.

Selected publications

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Personal life

Okiro is on the International Advisory Board of The Lancet.[12]

Source: "Emelda Okiro", Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, (2022, November 25th), https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emelda_Okiro.

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References
  1. ^ a b c d e "DR EMELDA OKIRO: Pioneer of the saliva test". The East African. 2020-07-06. Retrieved 2022-11-19.
  2. ^ Okiro, Emelda Aluoch (2007). Transmission Dynamics of Respiratory Syncytial Virus within the Household and in the Community (phd thesis). The Open University.
  3. ^ Okiro, Emelda A.; Ngama, Mwanajuma; Bett, Ann; Nokes, D. James (2012-12-26). "The Incidence and Clinical Burden of Respiratory Syncytial Virus Disease Identified through Hospital Outpatient Presentations in Kenyan Children". PLOS ONE. 7 (12): e52520. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0052520. ISSN 1932-6203. PMID 23300695.
  4. ^ a b "Emelda Okiro | LINK malaria". web-archive.lshtm.ac.uk. Retrieved 2022-11-19.
  5. ^ "Health Service Provision in Kenya: Assessing Facility Capacity, Costs of Care, and Patient Perspecti by Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation - Issuu". issuu.com. Retrieved 2022-11-19.
  6. ^ a b "Emelda Okiro | The AAS". www.aasciences.africa. Retrieved 2022-11-19.
  7. ^ "Emelda Okiro | LINK malaria". web-archive.lshtm.ac.uk. Retrieved 2022-11-19.
  8. ^ "Emelda Okiro". www.tropicalmedicine.ox.ac.uk. Retrieved 2022-11-19.
  9. ^ "Dr". tdr.who.int. Retrieved 2022-11-19.
  10. ^ Admin (2022-04-14). "Celebrating Dr. Emelda Okiro". KEMRI. Retrieved 2022-11-19.
  11. ^ "Congratulations to our new Associate Professors — Centre for Tropical Medicine and Global Health". www.tropicalmedicine.ox.ac.uk. Retrieved 2022-11-19.
  12. ^ "International Advisory Board". www.thelancet.com. Retrieved 2022-11-19.

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