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Embassy of the United States, Lima

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Embassy of the United States, Lima
Seal of an Embassy of the United States of America.svg
US Embassy light in blue and yellow to express solidarity with Ukraine.jpg
The embassy in February 2022
LocationSantiago de Surco, Peru
OpeningJuly 4, 1995 (1995-07-04)
Websitepe.usembassy.gov

The Embassy of the United States in Lima is the official diplomatic mission of the US to the Republic of Peru.

History

Original buildings

The embassy in Santa Beatriz, 1945The former embassy (centre) in central Lima, today the Clínica Internacional.
The embassy in Santa Beatriz, 1945
The embassy in Santa Beatriz, 1945The former embassy (centre) in central Lima, today the Clínica Internacional.
The former embassy (centre) in central Lima, today the Clínica Internacional.

Peru and the United States established relations on May 2, 1826, following Peru's independence from Spain, and relations were elevated to embassy level on 1920.[1][2] The embassy of the United States was housed in different buildings before the opening of its current location.

In 1925, the U.S. government purchased a property in the Santa Beatriz area of Lima district to house its embassy. The three-floor building was designed by U.S. architect Frederick Larkin, in association with Leland W. King and Paul Jaquet, being built by the Peruvian construction company Florez y Costa, S.A.. Construction began in late 1942. 1,300 m² of the 11,600 m² property were dedicated to parks and gardens.[3]

The building was designed in a Neocolonial style, featuring a replica travertine marble gate of the Palacio de Torre Tagle on its entrance, as well as on the second floor. The three floors of the building served as either storage (basement), a reception area (first floor) or bedrooms (second floor).[3] The building currently serves as the residence of the U.S. ambassador.

Another building that housed the diplomatic mission of the U.S. was located in the intersection between Wilson Avenue and the Avenida España, part of the historic center of Lima.[4][5] The original terrain was bought in 1947.[6]

The building was moved from its location near the Civic Centre to the Monterrico suburbs due to the internal conflict in Peru, as the embassy and other buildings affiliated with the United States were targeted by the terrorist group Shining Path on several occasions,[7] as well as by the MRTA, who bombed the embassy on February 14, 1990.[8] By that point, the building had been bought by Clínica Internacional, owned by Grupo Breca, who moved into the building after the former tenants' departure.[9]

Current building

The current building was built on the Monterrico residential area of Santiago de Surco. Construction took two years, and the building was inaugurated on July 4, 1995. The building was designed by Bernardo Fort-Brescia, whose façade features a blend of Incan and modern architecture, also features small windows as a security feature.[10][7] The building's design was met with mixed reactions from both Peruvian and U.S. citizens.[7]

In 2002, two security guards of the embassy were among the dead when a car bomb exploded in the El Polo shopping centre, located accross the street. The building received no apparent damage, unlike the hotel and bank located near the location of the blast.[11][12]

The building's façade was lit up with the national colors of Ukraine in response to Russia's invasion of the country on February 2022.[13]

On January 25, 2023, the building's main entrance was blocked by protestors as part of a series of protests by supporters of former president Pedro Castillo.[14]

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List of ambassadors of the United States to Peru

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Lima Civic Center

Lima Civic Center

The Lima Civic Center is an architectural complex located next to the Paseo de los Héroes Navales in the district of Lima, on the land previously occupied by the Lima Penitentiary. It was projected with the intention of becoming a civic-urban landmark for the city, housing State offices, a hotel and a convention center. Its construction began in 1970 and culminated in 1977 with the inauguration of the main tower of the complex. At 109 meters tall, it was the tallest building in the country for 34 years. It was surpassed in 2011 by the Westin Hotel in the San Isidro district.

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Internal conflict in Peru

The internal conflict in Peru is an ongoing armed conflict between the Government of Peru and the Maoist guerilla group Shining Path. The conflict began on 17 May 1980, and from 1982 to 1997 the Túpac Amaru Revolutionary Movement waged its own insurgency as a Marxist–Leninist rival to the Shining Path. It is estimated that there have been between 50,000 and 70,000 deaths, making it the bloodiest war in Peruvian history, since the European colonization of the country.

Grupo Breca

Grupo Breca

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Source: "Embassy of the United States, Lima", Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, (2023, January 26th), https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Embassy_of_the_United_States,_Lima.

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References
  1. ^ "History". U.S. Embassy in Lima.
  2. ^ "U.S. Embassy Lima, Peru". U.S. Embassy in Lima.
  3. ^ a b "La residencia de la Embajada de EE.UU. de N.A." El Arquitecto Peruano (94): 20–32. April 1, 1945 – via Colegio de Arquitectos del Perú.
  4. ^ Anuario bibliográfico peruano (in Spanish). Lima: Biblioteca nacional / Instituto Nacional de Cultura. 1967. p. 447. Embajada de los Estados Unidos de América [...] Dirección: Av. Wilson s/n. Lima
  5. ^ Ramírez y Berrios, Manuel Guillermo (1999). Memorias...de Memo (in Spanish). Gráfica Horizonte. p. 352. Ante esta situación que fue de dominio público, a pesar de las recomendaciones para que se guardara la mayor reserva, intervino la Embajada de los Estados Unidos de Norteamérica, a cuya sede de la avenida Wilson, hoy Garcilaso de la Vega, acudimos con Clyde, el jueves 18 de mayo de 1967, de lo que dan cuenta algunos diario [sic] como La Crónica, en su sección judicial del viernes 19 del indicado mes.
  6. ^ Echecopar García, Luis (1947). Memoria Correspondiente al año 1947 Presentada por el Ministro de Hacienda y Comercio Dr. Luis Echecopar García (in Spanish) (1st ed.). Lima: Ministerio de Hacienda y Comercio. p. 460.
  7. ^ a b c "U.S. inaugurates new embassy in Peru". United Press International. July 4, 1995.
  8. ^ "United States Embassy Bombing". LUM.
  9. ^ "Amor por la Salud" (PDF). Clínica Internacional: 6. November 27, 2014. En la década de los ochenta, Clínica Internacional es adquirida por la familia Brescia, quienes le dieron un gran impulso a nivel tecnológico y de infraestructura. Luego se compró la antigua sede de la Embajada de Estados Unidos y finalmente la esquina de jirón Washington con avenida España que pertenecía a la familia Olaechea, y que es hoy parte de las oficinas administrativas en su sede de Lima.
  10. ^ "The Chancery". U.S. Embassy in Lima.
  11. ^ 04.00 EST. "Peru car bomb kills eight | World news". The Guardian. Retrieved July 14, 2018.
  12. ^ "CNN.com – Car bomb outside U.S. Embassy in Peru kills 9 – March 21, 2002". Edition.cnn.com. Retrieved July 14, 2018.
  13. ^ Embajada EEUU Perú [@USEMBASSYPERU] (February 28, 2022). "Expresamos nuestra solidaridad con el pueblo de Ucrania y apoyamos el respeto de su soberanía. #StandingWithUkraine 🇺🇦" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
  14. ^ "Surco: decenas de protestantes hacen plantón en la fachada de la embajada de Estados Unidos". Trome. January 25, 2023.

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