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El Sheikh Mahgoub Gaafar

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Professor
El Sheikh Mahgoub Gaafar
الشيخ محجوب جعفر مُصطفى
El Sheikh Mahgoub Gaafar 1977.png
Ministry of Education, Higher Education and Scientific Research
In office
1988–1989
Personal details
Born (1935-03-02) 2 March 1935 (age 87)
Nuri, Sudan
Nationality Sudan
WebsiteKing of Mycetoma
EducationUniversity of Khartoum (MBBS)
University of London (PhD)
AwardsShousha Prize, WHO
Ademola Prize, RSTMH
Scientific career
FieldsMycology
Tropical disease
Microbiology
InstitutionsUniversity of Khartoum
King Saud University
WHO

El Sheikh Mahgoub Gaafar (Arabic: الشيخ محجوب جعفر, 2 March 1935) is a Sudanese mycologists and an international authority on mycetoma and bacteriology.

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Sudan

Sudan

Sudan, officially the Republic of the Sudan, is a country in Northeast Africa. It shares borders with the Central African Republic to the southwest, Chad to the west, Egypt to the north, Eritrea to the northeast, Ethiopia to the southeast, Libya to the northwest, South Sudan to the south and the Red Sea. It has a population of 45.70 million people as of 2022 and occupies 1,886,068 square kilometres, making it Africa's third-largest country by area, and the third-largest by area in the Arab League. It was the largest country by area in Africa and the Arab League until the secession of South Sudan in 2011, since which both titles have been held by Algeria. Its capital is Khartoum and its most populated city is Omdurman.

Mycology

Mycology

Mycology is the branch of biology concerned with the study of fungi, including their genetic and biochemical properties, their taxonomy and their use to humans, including as a source for tinder, traditional medicine, food, and entheogens, as well as their dangers, such as toxicity or infection.

Mycetoma

Mycetoma

Mycetoma is a chronic infection in the skin caused by either bacteria (actinomycetoma) or fungi (eumycetoma), typically resulting in a triad of painless firm skin lumps, the formation of weeping sinuses, and a discharge that contains grains. 80% occur in feet.

Bacteriology

Bacteriology

Bacteriology is the branch and specialty of biology that studies the morphology, ecology, genetics and biochemistry of bacteria as well as many other aspects related to them. This subdivision of microbiology involves the identification, classification, and characterization of bacterial species. Because of the similarity of thinking and working with microorganisms other than bacteria, such as protozoa, fungi, and viruses, there has been a tendency for the field of bacteriology to extend as microbiology. The terms were formerly often used interchangeably. However, bacteriology can be classified as a distinct science.

Early life and education

Gaafar was born in 2 March 1935 in Nuri, Karima, Sudan. He attended Karima Primary School, then moved to Shendi Rural Intermediate School, Shendi, and completed high school in Wadi Seidna Secondary School, Khartoum. He obtained a Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS) with a Distinction from the University of Khartoum in 1961.[1][2][3]

Gaafar then started his medical training as a Research Assistant at the Department of Bacteriology and Parasitology at the University of Khartoum before completing a PhD from London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, the University of London in August 1965. Gaafar graduated with a Diploma in bacteriology from the University of London in 1966. [1][4]

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Nuri

Nuri

Nuri is a place in modern Sudan on the west side of the Nile, near the Fourth Cataract. Nuri is situated about 15 km north of Sanam, and 10 km from Jebel Barkal.

Karima, Sudan

Karima, Sudan

Karima is a town in Northern State in Sudan some 400 km from Khartoum on a loop of the Nile.

Shendi

Shendi

Shendi or Shandi is a small city in northern Sudan, situated on the southeastern bank of the Nile River 150 km northeast of Khartoum. Shandi is also about 45 km southwest of the ancient city of Meroë. Located in the River Nile state, Shandi is the center of the Ja'alin tribe and an important historic trading center. It's principal suburb on the west bank is Matamma. A major traditional trade route across the Bayuda Desert connects Matamma to Merowe and Napata, 250 km to the northwest. The city is the historical capital of the powerful Arabised Nubian Ja'alin tribe whom most of its denizens belong to. The village of Hosh Bannaga, where former President Omar al-Bashir's hometown is, is located on the outskirts of the city.

Khartoum

Khartoum

Khartoum or Khartum is the capital of Sudan. With a population of 5,274,321, its metropolitan area is the largest in Sudan. It is located at the confluence of the White Nile, flowing north from Lake Victoria, and the Blue Nile, flowing west from Lake Tana in Ethiopia. The place where the two Niles meet is known as al-Mogran or al-Muqran. From there, the Nile continues north towards Egypt and the Mediterranean Sea.

Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery

Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery

Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery, is the primary medical degree awarded by medical schools in countries that follow the tradition of the United Kingdom. The historical degree nomenclature states that they are two separate undergraduate degrees. In practice, however, they are usually combined as one and conferred together, and may also be awarded at graduate-level medical schools.

University of Khartoum

University of Khartoum

The University of Khartoum is a public university located in Khartoum, Sudan. It is the largest and oldest university in Sudan. UofK was founded as Gordon Memorial College in 1902 and established in 1956 when Sudan gained independence. Since that date, the University of Khartoum has been recognized as a top university and a high-ranked academic institution in Sudan and Africa.

University of London

University of London

The University of London is a federal public research university located in London, England, United Kingdom. The university was established by royal charter in 1836 as a degree-awarding examination board for students holding certificates from University College London and King's College London and "other such other Institutions, corporate or unincorporated, as shall be established for the purpose of Education, whether within the Metropolis or elsewhere within our United Kingdom". This fact allows it to be one of three institutions to claim the title of the third-oldest university in England, and moved to a federal structure in 1900. It is now incorporated by its fourth (1863) royal charter and governed by the University of London Act 2018.

Career

Upon his return to Sudan, Gaafar was appointed a Lecturer in the Department of Bacteriology and Parasitology, Khartoum, a Senior Lecturer in 1969, a Reader in 1972, and a Professor and a MD in Microbiology in 1974.[5][6] In 1968, he established a mycetoma ward and clinic in Khartoum North Civil Hospital, and during 1972, Gaafar worked as Consultant to the World Health Organization in Teheran, Iran.[1][7]

Gaafar gained experience in clinical microbiology diagnosis at the West Middlesex University Hospital and London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine between 1976 and 1977. Before joining King Saud University as a Professor in medical microbiology in 1977 as he was not able to return to Sudan during Jaafar Nimeiry presidency (1969–1985). Gaafar established the Department of Microbiology, later recognised by the Royal College of Pathologists, and the Mycoses Clinic. He became the Founding Dean of the Department of Microbiology from 1979 until 1984.[1][2][7][8]

When the Sudanese Defence Minister Abdel Rahman Swar al-Dahab seized power from Sudanese President Jaafar Nimeiry in the 1985 Sudanese coup d'état; Gaafar returned to Sudan as a Professor and head of the Department of Microbiology and Parasitology until 1988. He was then appointed as the Minister of Education, Higher Education and Scientific Research, Sudan as part of the National Umma Party's Third coalition, which lasted until 1989 when Colonel (later Lieutenant General) Umar Hassan Ahmad al Bashir overthrew Sadiq al Mahdi and established the Revolutionary Command Council for National Salvation to rule Sudan.[1][8][3]

Gaafar was the World Health Organisation Expert Committee (Parasitology) 1975–1990. Between 1990 and 1995, he was selected as a Regional Adviser for Tropical Diseases Research, WHO. He then became a Director of Health Services Development until 1997, before becoming a Regional Adviser for Educational Development for Health between 1997 and 1998.[9]

Gaafar was the Editor-in-Chief for Eastern Mediterranean Health Services Journal (1990–1994), a member of the Editorial Board of the Journal of Medical and Veterinary Mycology, a member of the Editorial Panel of Mycopathologia, a member of the Khartoum University Press Editorial Committee, and referee to the Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene. Gaafar was a Chairman of the Council of Omdurman Islamic University (1986–1988), and a Chairman of the Medical Research Council, Sudan (1986–1988).[10][7]

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Doctor of Medicine

Doctor of Medicine

Doctor of Medicine is a medical degree, the meaning of which varies between different jurisdictions. In the United States, and some other countries, the M.D. denotes a professional degree. This generally arose because many in 18th-century medical professions trained in Scotland, which used the M.D. degree nomenclature. In England, however, Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery was used and eventually in the 19th century became the standard in Scotland too. Thus, in the United Kingdom, Ireland and other countries, the M.D. is a research doctorate, honorary doctorate or applied clinical degree restricted to those who already hold a professional degree (Bachelor's/Master's/Doctoral) in medicine. In those countries, the equivalent professional degree to the North American, and some others use of M.D., is still typically titled Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery (M.B.B.S.).

Microbiology

Microbiology

Microbiology is the scientific study of microorganisms, those being unicellular, multicellular, or acellular. Microbiology encompasses numerous sub-disciplines including virology, bacteriology, protistology, mycology, immunology, and parasitology.

Mycetoma

Mycetoma

Mycetoma is a chronic infection in the skin caused by either bacteria (actinomycetoma) or fungi (eumycetoma), typically resulting in a triad of painless firm skin lumps, the formation of weeping sinuses, and a discharge that contains grains. 80% occur in feet.

King Saud University

King Saud University

King Saud University is a public university in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Established in 1957 by King Saud bin Abdulaziz to address the country's skilled worker shortage, it is the first university in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. The university was known as Riyadh University before a name change in 1982.

Medical microbiology

Medical microbiology

Medical microbiology, the large subset of microbiology that is applied to medicine, is a branch of medical science concerned with the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of infectious diseases. In addition, this field of science studies various clinical applications of microbes for the improvement of health. There are four kinds of microorganisms that cause infectious disease: bacteria, fungi, parasites and viruses, and one type of infectious protein called prion.

Jaafar Nimeiry

Jaafar Nimeiry

Jaafar Muhammad an-Nimeiry was a Sudanese politician who served as the president of Sudan from 1969 to 1985.

Royal College of Pathologists

Royal College of Pathologists

The Royal College of Pathologists (RCPath) is a professional membership organisation. Its main function is the overseeing of postgraduate training, and its Fellowship Examination (FRCPath) is recognised as the standard assessment of fitness to practise in this branch of medicine.

Minister of Defence (Sudan)

Minister of Defence (Sudan)

The Minister of Defence of the Republic of Sudan is the government minister responsible for the Ministry of Defence and the Sudanese Armed Forces.

Abdel Rahman Swar al-Dahab

Abdel Rahman Swar al-Dahab

Field marshal Abdel Rahman Suwar al-Dahab was the President of Sudan from 6 April 1985, to 6 May 1986.

1985 Sudanese coup d'état

1985 Sudanese coup d'état

The 1985 Sudanese coup d'état was a military coup that occurred in Sudan on 6 April 1985. The coup was staged by a group of military officers and led by the Defense Minister and Armed Forces Commander-in-Chief, Field Marshal Abdel Rahman Swar al-Dahab, against the government of President Gaafar Nimeiry.

National Umma Party

National Umma Party

The National Umma Party is an Islamic political party in Sudan. It was formerly led by Sadiq al-Mahdi, who served twice as Prime Minister of Sudan, and was removed both times by military coups. As of 2019, Major General Fadlallah Baramah Nasser was the acting Chair of the party, and al-Mahdi's daughter, Mariam al-Mahdi, was one of the three vice-chairs.

Revolutionary Command Council for National Salvation

Revolutionary Command Council for National Salvation

The Revolutionary Command Council for National Salvation (RCCNS-Sudan) was the governing body of Sudan following the June 1989 coup. It grew out of the collaboration between the Sudanese military and the National Islamic Front. It was the authority by which the military government of Sudan under Lt. Gen. Omar al-Bashir exercised power.

Personal life

Gaafar was married to Enam Abd al-Rahman al-Mahdi (Arabic: إنعام عبد الرحمن المهدي), sister of Sadiq al Mahdi, who died in 10 July 2020.[11][3]

Awards and honours

Professor Elsheikh addressing the WHO's General Council after receiving the Shosha prize, Geneva, 1989
Professor Elsheikh addressing the WHO's General Council after receiving the Shosha prize, Geneva, 1989

He was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene in 1964 and a Fellow of the Royal College of Physicians (FRCP) in 1985. He received the Ademola Prize from the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine in 1987, and Shousha medal from the World Health Organization in 1989.[12][13]

Source: "El Sheikh Mahgoub Gaafar", Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, (2022, November 26th), https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/El_Sheikh_Mahgoub_Gaafar.

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References
  1. ^ a b c d e "الشيخ محجوب جعفر (أول علماء الفطريات)". الشيخ محجوب جعفر (أول علماء الفطريات). Retrieved 2022-11-24.
  2. ^ a b "ثمانينية الأستاذ الدكتور الشيخ محجوب جعفر (1935-2015م).. - صحيفة الراكوبة". www.alrakoba.net (in Arabic). Retrieved 2022-11-24.
  3. ^ a b c نيوز, سودان 4 (2020-05-17). "عظماء منطقة مُنحَنَى النيل.. الشيخ محجوب جعفر مُصطفى نموذجاً". سودان 4 نيوز (in Arabic). Retrieved 2022-11-24.
  4. ^ "Prof El-Sheikh Mahgoub Gaafar • Microbiologist • Khartoum, Khartoum". www.medpages.info. Retrieved 2022-11-24.
  5. ^ Dissertation Abstracts. Graduate College, University of Khartoum.
  6. ^ al-ʻUlyā, Jāmiʻat al-Kharṭūm Kullīyat al-Dirāsāt (1975). Dissertation Abstracts: University of Khartoum. Graduate College, University of Khartoum.
  7. ^ a b c "University Activities and Organization | Dr. Elsheikh Mahgoub Gafar". Retrieved 2022-11-24.
  8. ^ a b "البروفسير الشيخ محجوب جعفر: كلمة وفاء وعرفان .. بقلم: د. محمد عبد الله الامين". سودارس. Retrieved 2022-11-24.
  9. ^ "DECISIONS ET LISTE DES RESOLUTIONS DECISIONS. 1 Sélection et nomination du Directeur général et des Directeurs régionaux - PDF Téléchargement Gratuit". docplayer.fr. Retrieved 2022-11-24.
  10. ^ "Governce: - Nile College Batch 4 MBBS". nile.edu.tf. Retrieved 2022-11-24.
  11. ^ "الأستاذة إنعام عبد الرحمن المهدي كانت كالغيث أينما هطل نفع". Retrieved 2022-11-24.
  12. ^ "WHO | Public health prizes and awards". apps.who.int. Retrieved 2022-11-20.
  13. ^ "Sudan Health, an annotated chronicle".

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