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East Coast Naval Base

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East Coast Naval Base
Ostkustens marinbas
Ostkustens marinbas vapen.svg
Active1928–2004
CountrySweden
AllegianceSwedish Armed Forces
BranchSwedish Navy
TypeNaval base
Part ofChief of the Navy (1928–1966)
Eastern Military District (1966–1991)
Middle Military District (1991–2000)
Joint Forces Command (2000–2004)
Garrison/HQStockholm (1928–1966)
Stockholm/Haninge (Muskö)[1] (1966–2004)
ColorsYellow and blue
March"Amiral Wilhelm Dyrssen" (Emil Dahlström)[note 1]
Insignia
Patch of the East Coast Naval CommandTilläggstecken för Ostkustens marinkommando.jpg

East Coast Naval Base[3] (Swedish: Ostkustens marinbas, MarinB O) was a Swedish Navy command body which operated in various forms between the years 1928 and 2004. It was located in Stockholm from 1928 to 1966 and then in Haninge Municipality from 1966 to 2004.

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Swedish language

Swedish language

Swedish is a North Germanic language spoken predominantly in Sweden and in parts of Finland. It has at least 10 million native speakers, the fourth most spoken Germanic language and the first among any other of its type in the Nordic countries overall.

Swedish Navy

Swedish Navy

The Swedish Navy is the naval branch of the Swedish Armed Forces. It is composed of surface and submarine naval units – the Fleet – as well as marine units, the Amphibious Corps.

Stockholm

Stockholm

Stockholm is the capital and largest city of Sweden as well as the largest urban area in Scandinavia. Approximately 980,000 people live in the municipality, with 1.6 million in the urban area, and 2.4 million in the metropolitan area. The city stretches across fourteen islands where Lake Mälaren flows into the Baltic Sea. Outside the city to the east, and along the coast, is the island chain of the Stockholm archipelago. The area has been settled since the Stone Age, in the 6th millennium BC, and was founded as a city in 1252 by Swedish statesman Birger Jarl. It is also the county seat of Stockholm County. For several hundred years, Stockholm was the capital of Finland as well, which then was a part of Sweden. The population of the municipality of Stockholm is expected to reach one million people in 2024.

Haninge Municipality

Haninge Municipality

Haninge Municipality is a municipality in Stockholm County in east central Sweden. Its seat is located in Handen, a part of the Stockholm urban area.

History

In accordance with the Defence Act of 1925, from 1928, six regional command and maintenance bodies for the Swedish Navy were organized within the respective coastal areas.[4] During the 1930s, the regional naval structure was built in the form of naval districts (initially only in the war organization, but later in war as well as in peace).[5] The East Coast Naval District (Ostkustens marindistrikt, MDO), based in Stockholm, stretched from Öregrundsgrepen, near Gräsö (Björn's Lighthouse) to the northern part of Kalmar Strait (Kråkelund).[6] The naval districts replaced the naval stations[7] and were upgraded in 1957 to naval commands (marinkommandon) and was given operational responsibility (higher regional level).[5] From 1966 to 1990 they were called naval bases (örlogsbaser) and patrol areas (bevakningsområden).[7] In 1966, new and from then on integrated military districts were established, which took over some of the tasks of the naval commands. Other tasks were transferred simultaneously to the newly established naval bases (lower regional level). During the period 1981-1990, the naval bases were amalgamated with respective coastal artillery defence and formed naval commands - now at a lower regional level.[5] For East Coast Naval Base (Ostkustens örlogsbas, ÖrlB O), this meant that it was amalgamated with Stockholm Coastal Artillery Defense (Stockholms kustartilleriförsvar, SK) and formed the East Coast Naval Command (Ostkustens marinkommando, MKO).[8]

The lower regional organization had command duties and was responsible for, among other things, maritime surveillance and maritime maintenance, base services.[7] The majority of the regional structure was discontinued in 2000 and replaced with two naval bases and a naval shipyard. At the same time the Naval Tactical Command was established.[7] The organization was formed on 1 July 2000 and took over certain parts of the operation after the East Coast Naval Command (Ostkustens marinkommando, MKO).[9] The Naval Base was formed on 1 January 2005 after the Defence Act of 2004. The Naval Base took over the main tasks previously relinquished to the East Coast Naval Base (Ostkustens marinbas, MarinB O) and the South Coast Naval Base. Today, it is the Naval Base, which has in principle taken over the remaining naval tasks of the lower regional structure.[5]

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Defence Act of 1925 (Sweden)

Defence Act of 1925 (Sweden)

The Defence Act of 1925 was a defence act passed by the Swedish Riksdag on 26 May 1925 and came into force on 1 January 1928. The Act specified how the Swedish Armed Forces would operate during the coming years. The Act resulted in a policy of disarmament. The Act would remain effective until the Defence Act of 1936.

Swedish Navy

Swedish Navy

The Swedish Navy is the naval branch of the Swedish Armed Forces. It is composed of surface and submarine naval units – the Fleet – as well as marine units, the Amphibious Corps.

Stockholm

Stockholm

Stockholm is the capital and largest city of Sweden as well as the largest urban area in Scandinavia. Approximately 980,000 people live in the municipality, with 1.6 million in the urban area, and 2.4 million in the metropolitan area. The city stretches across fourteen islands where Lake Mälaren flows into the Baltic Sea. Outside the city to the east, and along the coast, is the island chain of the Stockholm archipelago. The area has been settled since the Stone Age, in the 6th millennium BC, and was founded as a city in 1252 by Swedish statesman Birger Jarl. It is also the county seat of Stockholm County. For several hundred years, Stockholm was the capital of Finland as well, which then was a part of Sweden. The population of the municipality of Stockholm is expected to reach one million people in 2024.

Gräsö

Gräsö

Gräsö is an island in Östhammar Municipality, off the coast of Uppland province on the eastern coast of Sweden. It is also the name of a village on the island which lies at the southern end of the Gulf of Bothnia. The island has an area of 93.26 square kilometres (36.01 sq mi) and a population of about 800. The island has a mixture of fields and woodland. It is a popular summer resort.

Kalmar Strait

Kalmar Strait

The Kalmar Strait is a strait in the Baltic Sea, located between the Swedish island of Öland and the province of Småland of the Swedish mainland. The strait is about 130 kilometres (81 mi) long and between 5 kilometres (3.1 mi) and 25 kilometres (16 mi) in width.

Naval station

Naval station

A Naval Station was a geographic command responsible for conducting all naval operations within its defined area. It may consist of flotillas, or squadrons, or individual ships under command.

Military district (Sweden)

Military district (Sweden)

In Sweden, a military district was a military subdivision and part of Sweden's military-territorial division. The military districts were established in 1833 and were, after several reorganizations, replaced by army divisions in 1893. In 1942, the military district were established who were multi-service commands of the Swedish Armed Forces. The military districts in the modern form were created in 1966, and each district was named according to the geographical district they covered. Several changes were made, such as creating or merging districts, until all military districts were disbanded in 2000. On 1 July 2000, the military districts were replaced by another military district organization, which was active until 31 December 2005.

Maritime Component Command

Maritime Component Command

Maritime Component Command was a part of the Joint Forces Command of the Swedish Armed Forces. The staff was located at the Swedish Armed Forces Headquarters in Stockholm and is headed by the Chief of Navy. The Maritime Component Command commanded the operations of the Swedish Navy forces.

Naval Base (Sweden)

Naval Base (Sweden)

The Naval Base is a naval unit within the Swedish Navy that has operated in various forms since 1928. The unit is mainly based within Karlskrona naval base in Karlskrona and but operations are also conducted at Berga Naval Base and Muskö naval base outside Stockholm and in Gothenburg.

Heraldry and traditions

Flag

The flag of the unit was a double swallow-tailed Swedish flag. The flag was presented to the then East Coast Naval Command (MKO) in 1976.[10]

Coat of arms

The coat of the arms of the East Coast Naval Base (ÖrlB O) 1966–1990, East Coast Naval Command (MKO) 1990–2000 and the East Coast Naval Base (MarinB O) 2000–2004. Blazon: "Per pale or and azure charged with an anchor erect surmounted two gunbarrels of older pattern in saltire counterchanged".[11]

Medals

In 2005, the Ostkustens marinbas minnesmedalj ("East Coast Naval Base Commemorative Medal) in silver (MarinBOMSM) was established. The medal ribbon is dark blue with a yellow stripe on each side.[12]

Heritage

The traditions of the East Coast Naval Base and its predecessors are kept by the Naval Base.[13]

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Flag of Sweden

Flag of Sweden

The national flag of Sweden consists of a yellow or gold Nordic cross on a field of light blue. The Nordic cross design traditionally represents Christianity. The design and colours of the Swedish flag are believed to have been inspired by the present coat of arms of Sweden of 1442, which is blue divided quarterly by a cross pattée of gold, and modelled on the Danish flag. Blue and yellow have been used as Swedish colours at least since Magnus III's royal coat of arms of 1275.

Blazon

Blazon

In heraldry and heraldic vexillology, a blazon is a formal description of a coat of arms, flag or similar emblem, from which the reader can reconstruct the appropriate image. The verb to blazon means to create such a description. The visual depiction of a coat of arms or flag has traditionally had considerable latitude in design, but a verbal blazon specifies the essentially distinctive elements. A coat of arms or flag is therefore primarily defined not by a picture but rather by the wording of its blazon. Blazon is also the specialized language in which a blazon is written, and, as a verb, the act of writing such a description. Blazonry is the art, craft or practice of creating a blazon. The language employed in blazonry has its own vocabulary, grammar and syntax, which becomes essential for comprehension when blazoning a complex coat of arms.

Naval Base (Sweden)

Naval Base (Sweden)

The Naval Base is a naval unit within the Swedish Navy that has operated in various forms since 1928. The unit is mainly based within Karlskrona naval base in Karlskrona and but operations are also conducted at Berga Naval Base and Muskö naval base outside Stockholm and in Gothenburg.

Commanding officers

Skeppsholmen Church, memorial stones of the men from the East Coast Naval District, who sacrificed their lives during the Swedish Navy's preparedness services 1939-1945 (including Hårsfjärden disaster on 17 September 1941).
Skeppsholmen Church, memorial stones of the men from the East Coast Naval District, who sacrificed their lives during the Swedish Navy's preparedness services 1939-1945 (including Hårsfjärden disaster on 17 September 1941).

Commanding officers:[14]

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Skeppsholmen Church

Skeppsholmen Church

The Skeppsholmen Church is a former church on the islet of Skeppsholmen in central Stockholm, Sweden.

Hårsfjärden disaster

Hårsfjärden disaster

The Hårsfjärden disaster was an event in the Swedish Navy during World War II. A series of accidental explosions, it caused by far the worst damage to Swedish Navy units during the era of that war, in which Sweden was not a combatant.

Charles de Champs

Charles de Champs

Vice Admiral Charles Léon de Champs was a Swedish Navy officer who was the Chief of the Naval Staff from 1936 to 1937 and the Chief of the Navy from 1936 to 1939.

Claës Lindsström

Claës Lindsström

Vice Admiral Claës Olof Lindsström was a Swedish Navy officer. Lindsström's senior commands include postings as commanding officer of Karlskrona and Stockholm Naval Stations, the South and East Coast Naval District, and as Chief of the Naval Staff. Lindsström was active during the era of the Sverige-class coastal defence ships and made significant efforts to develop this type of coastal defence ship.

Hans Simonsson (Swedish Navy officer)

Hans Simonsson (Swedish Navy officer)

Vice Admiral Hans Viktor Simonsson was a senior Swedish Navy officer. He served as head of the Military Office of the Naval Defence (1933–1938) and as Commanding Admiral of the South Coast Naval District (1938–1942) and of the East Coast Naval District (1942–1945). Simonsson was one of the founders of the Swedish Submarine Service.

Yngve Ekstrand

Yngve Ekstrand

Rear Admiral Sven Yngve Ekstrand was a Swedish Navy officer. He was Chief of the Naval Staff from 1939 to 1942, Chief of the Coastal Fleet from 1942 to 1945 and the East Coast Naval District from 1945 to 1951.

Erik Anderberg

Erik Anderberg

Vice Admiral Erik Magnus Anderberg was a Swedish Navy officer. He is famous for being the grand architect of the notion of a unified Swedish signal intelligence authority. Anderberg served as commander of the Royal Swedish Naval Staff College from 1943 to 1945, Chief of the Naval Staff from 1945 to 1950 and as commanding officer of the East Coast Naval District from 1951 to 1957.

Erik af Klint (1901–1981)

Erik af Klint (1901–1981)

Vice Admiral Erik Viktor Philip Gustafsson af Klint was a Swedish Navy naval officer. af Klint's senior commands include postings as Chief of Staff of the Coastal Fleet, head of Section 2 of the Defence Staff, Chief of the Coastal Fleet and commanding officer of the Naval Command East.

Einar Blidberg

Einar Blidberg

Vice Admiral Carl Einar Blidberg was a Swedish Navy officer. Blidberg served as Chief of the Naval Staff from 1957 to 1961, Chief of the Coastal Fleet from 1962 to 1966, and as commanding officer of the Naval Command East and the East Coast Naval Base from 1966 to 1971.

Christer Kierkegaard

Christer Kierkegaard

Rear Admiral Sören Christer Douglas Kierkegaard was a Swedish Navy officer. Swedlund's senior commands include as Chief of the Coastal Fleet from 1970 to 1977 and commander of the East Coast Naval Base from 1977 to 1983.

Names, designations and locations

Name Translation From To
Ostkustens marindistrikt East Coast Naval District[3] 1928-01-01 1957-09-30
Marinkommando Ost Naval Command East[3] 1957-10-01 1966-09-30
Ostkustens örlogsbas East Coast Naval Base[3] 1966-10-01 1990-06-30
Ostkustens marinkommando East Coast Naval Command 1990-07-01 2000-06-30
Ostkustens marinbas East Coast Naval Base
Naval Base East[10]
2000-07-01 2004-12-31
Avvecklingsorganisation Decommissioning Organisation 2005-01-01 2006-06-30
Designation From To
MDO 1928-01-01 1957-09-30
MKO 1957-10-01 1966-09-30
ÖrlB O 1966-10-01 1990-06-30
MKO 1990-07-01 2000-06-30
MarinB O 2000-07-01 2004-12-31
Location From To
Stockholm Garrison/Skeppsholmen 1928-01-01 1940-??-??
Haninge/Hårsfjärden 1940-??-?? 1969-??-??
Haninge/Muskö naval base 1969-??-?? 2006-06-30

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Stockholm

Stockholm

Stockholm is the capital and largest city of Sweden as well as the largest urban area in Scandinavia. Approximately 980,000 people live in the municipality, with 1.6 million in the urban area, and 2.4 million in the metropolitan area. The city stretches across fourteen islands where Lake Mälaren flows into the Baltic Sea. Outside the city to the east, and along the coast, is the island chain of the Stockholm archipelago. The area has been settled since the Stone Age, in the 6th millennium BC, and was founded as a city in 1252 by Swedish statesman Birger Jarl. It is also the county seat of Stockholm County. For several hundred years, Stockholm was the capital of Finland as well, which then was a part of Sweden. The population of the municipality of Stockholm is expected to reach one million people in 2024.

Skeppsholmen

Skeppsholmen

Skeppsholmen is one of the islands of Stockholm. It is connected with Blasieholmen and Kastellholmen by bridges. It is accessible by foot from Kungsträdgården, past the Grand Hôtel and Nationalmuseum, by bus number 65, or by boat from Slussen, Djurgården or Nybroplan.

Haninge Municipality

Haninge Municipality

Haninge Municipality is a municipality in Stockholm County in east central Sweden. Its seat is located in Handen, a part of the Stockholm urban area.

Hårsfjärden

Hårsfjärden

The Hårsfjärden, or Horsfjärden, is a fjard off the Baltic Sea near Stockholm, Sweden. About 20 kilometres (12 mi) long, it has surface area of 61.5 square kilometres (23.7 sq mi). It is the location of three Swedish naval bases: Märsgarn, Muskö, and Berga.

Muskö naval base

Muskö naval base

Muskö Naval Base is a Swedish underground naval facility on the island of Muskö just south of Stockholm in Haninge Municipality.

Source: "East Coast Naval Base", Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, (2023, January 25th), https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/East_Coast_Naval_Base.

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Footnotes
  1. ^ The march was adopted on 30 June 1994 and established on 13 June 1996.[2]
References

Notes

  1. ^ Förordning om ändring i förordningen (1994:642) med instruktion för Försvarsmakten (PDF) (in Swedish). Stockholm: Svensk författningssamling. 16 June 1999. p. 5. SELIBR 8261432.
  2. ^ Sandberg 2007, p. 22
  3. ^ a b c d Appich 1988, pp. 105, 110, 187
  4. ^ Degerström, Ericson & Söderberg 2005
  5. ^ a b c d Försvarets traditioner i framtiden med översiktlig historik från 1500-talet (PDF) (in Swedish). Statens försvarshistoriska museer TradN. 2015. p. 13. ISBN 9789197859554. SELIBR 17552963. Archived from the original on 2016-08-17.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
  6. ^ Stille 1954, p. 24
  7. ^ a b c d Försvarets traditioner i framtiden med översiktlig historik från 1500-talet (PDF) (in Swedish). Statens försvarshistoriska museer TradN. 2015. p. 27. ISBN 9789197859554. SELIBR 17552963. Archived from the original on 2016-08-17.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
  8. ^ O'Konor 1998
  9. ^ "Rapport efter arkivinspektion vid Ostkustens marinbas (MarinB O) på Muskö den 22 april 2004" (in Swedish). National Archives of Sweden. 2004. Retrieved 16 May 2018.
  10. ^ a b Braunstein 2004, p. 68
  11. ^ Braunstein 2006, p. 50
  12. ^ Braunstein 2007, p. 124
  13. ^ Försvarets traditioner i framtiden med översiktlig historik från 1500-talet (PDF) (in Swedish). Statens försvarshistoriska museer TradN. 2015. p. 30. ISBN 9789197859554. SELIBR 17552963. Archived from the original on 2016-08-17.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
  14. ^ Birke & Braunstein 2011, p. 41

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