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Earl of Dudley

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Earldom of Dudley
Coronet of a British Earl.svg
COA - Ward, Earl of Dudley.svg
Arms of Ward: Chequy or and azure, a bend ermine; Crest: Out of a ducal coronet or a lion's head azure; Supporters: On either side an angel proper crined and winged or under-robes sanguine outer-robes azure
Creation date17 February 1860
CreationSecond[1]
Created byQueen Victoria
PeeragePeerage of the United Kingdom
First holderWilliam Ward, 1st Earl of Dudley
Present holderDavid Ward, 5th Earl of Dudley
Heir presumptiveLeander Grenville Dudley Ward
Remainder toFirst earl's heirs male of the body, lawfully begotten
Subsidiary titlesViscount Ednam
Baron Ward
Former seat(s)Dudley House
Witley Court
Himley Hall
MottoCOMME JE FÛS
("As I was")[1]

Earl of Dudley, of Dudley Castle in the County of Stafford (now the West Midlands), is a title that has been created twice in the Peerage of the United Kingdom, both times for members of the Ward family.

History

Dudley was first used for a peerage on 25 March 1341/42, when John Sutton became the first Lord Dudley of Dudley Castle. The male line failed at the 10th Baron, Sir Ferdinando Dudley, and Dudley Castle passed to his daughter, Frances Dudley, Baroness Dudley (1611–1697).[1] She married Sir Humble Ward, the son of a wealthy goldsmith and jeweller to King Charles I (see Baron Dudley for more history of the Sutton family). Frances was given away in marriage by her grandfather Lord Dudley in order for him to be able to redeem the heavily mortgaged estates around Dudley, whose mineral resources were the foundation of the family's great wealth.

In 1644, Frances's husband Sir Humble Ward was raised to the Peerage of England in his own right as Baron Ward, of Birmingham in the County of Warwick.[1] In contrast to the barony of Dudley, which had been created by writ, this peerage was created by letters patent and with remainder to heirs male. Lady Dudley and Lord Ward were both succeeded by their son Edward, the seventh and second Baron, respectively. He was styled Lord Dudley and Ward. He was succeeded by his grandson, the eighth and third Baron. He was the son of William Ward. On Lord Dudley and Ward's early death the titles passed to his posthumous son, the ninth and fourth Baron. He died unmarried at an early age and was succeeded by his uncle, the 10th and fifth Baron.[1]

On his death in 1740, the two baronies separated. The barony of Dudley, which could pass through female lines, was inherited by the late Baron's nephew Ferdinando Dudley Lea (see the Baron Dudley for later history of this title).[1] He was succeeded in the barony of Ward, which could only pass through male lines, by his second cousin John Ward, who became the sixth Baron Ward. He was the grandson of William Ward (d. 1714), second son of the first Baron. Lord Ward had earlier represented Newcastle under Lyme in the House of Commons. In 1763 he was created Viscount Dudley and Ward, of Dudley in the County of Worcester, in the Peerage of Great Britain.[2] He was succeeded by his son from his first marriage, the second Viscount. He sat as Member of Parliament for Marlborough and for Worcestershire. He was childless and on his death the titles passed to his half-brother, the third Viscount. He was also Member of Parliament for Worcestershire. He was succeeded by his son, the fourth Viscount. He was a politician and served as Foreign Secretary from 1827 to 1828. In 1827 he was honoured when he was created Viscount Ednam, of Ednam in the County of Roxburgh, and Earl of Dudley, of Dudley Castle in the County of Stafford.[3] Both titles were in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.[1]

Lord Dudley was childless and on his death in 1833, the two viscountcies and earldom became extinct. He was succeeded in the barony of Ward by his second cousin Reverend William Humble Ward, the 10th Baron. He was the grandson of Reverend William Ward, younger brother of the first Viscount Dudley and Ward. He was succeeded by his eldest son, the 11th Baron.[1]

In 1860, the viscountcy of Ednam and earldom of Dudley were revived when the 11th baron was created Viscount Ednam, of Ednam in the County of Roxburgh, and Earl of Dudley, of Dudley Castle in the County of Stafford.[4] Both titles are in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. On his death the titles passed to his eldest son, the second Earl. He was a Conservative politician and served as Lord-Lieutenant of Ireland from 1902 to 1905 during the Irish Reform Association's plan for devolution in Ireland, and as Governor-General of Australia from 1908 to 1911. He is commemorated by a Dudley Street in the Queen's Quarter of Belfast. He was succeeded by his eldest son, the third Earl of Dudley, who represented Hornsey and Wednesbury in the House of Commons as a Conservative. The Third Earl died in Paris on 26 December 1969.[5] As of 2017 the titles are held by his grandson, the fifth Earl, who succeeded his father in 2013.[1]

Several other members of the Ward family have also gained distinction. William Dudley Ward, grandson of Humble Dudley Ward, second son of the 10th Baron Ward, was a Liberal politician. He married the socialite Freda May Birkin. Their daughter Penelope Dudley-Ward was a well-known actress. Sir John Hubert Ward (1870–1938), second son of the first Earl, was a major in the army and courtier. His son John Ward (1909–1990) was a colonel in the Life Guards. Robert Ward, third son of the first Earl, was Conservative Member of Parliament for Crewe. Edward Frederick Ward (1907–1987), third son of the second Earl, was a Group Captain in the Royal Air Force. George Ward, fourth and youngest son of the second Earl, was a Conservative politician and was created Viscount Ward of Witley in 1960. The actress Rachel Ward and her sister the environmental campaigner Tracy Louise Ward are both daughters of Peter Alistair Ward, third son of the third Earl.

The family seat of the Earls of Dudley was Himley Hall until the 1830s, after which Witley Court served as the main residence along with Dudley House. Witley Court was sold in 1920 and became derelict after a fire in 1937. The 1st Earl of Dudley of the 1860 creation was originally buried in the crypt of Saint Michael and All Angels Church in Great Witley, but was later moved to Worcester Cathedral where he is commemorated with a large funerary monument. His more recent successors – including the 4th Earl and his wife – rest in a private burial ground at Himley. Located at the rear of Himley's parish church, it is laid out as a memorial garden and normally closed to the public.

Discover more about History related topics

Ferdinando Sutton

Ferdinando Sutton

Sir Ferdinando Sutton (1588-1621) was an English aristocrat.

Frances Ward, 6th Baroness Dudley

Frances Ward, 6th Baroness Dudley

Frances Ward, 6th Baroness Dudley (1611-1697) succeeded to the Barony of Dudley in 1643 following the death of Edward Sutton, 5th Baron Dudley. She had married Humble Ward, the son of a London goldsmith in 1628. Humble Ward was awarded the title of Baron Ward of Birmingham and the couple's descendants carried both titles until the middle of the eighteenth century. Frances died in 1697.

Humble Ward, 1st Baron Ward

Humble Ward, 1st Baron Ward

Humble Ward, 1st Baron Ward, of Birmingham was the son and heir of William Ward, a London goldsmith. He married Frances Sutton otherwise Dudley, 6th Baroness Dudley, granddaughter and sole heir of Edward Sutton, 5th Baron Dudley, whose estates including Dudley Castle and Himley Hall were settled on them on 17 February 1628, at their marriage. William Ward used his wealth to buy out Lord Dudley's debts, thereby rescuing what was left of the Dudley estate from Dudley's creditors.

Charles I of England

Charles I of England

Charles I was King of England, Scotland, and Ireland from 27 March 1625 until his execution in 1649. He was born into the House of Stuart as the second son of King James VI of Scotland, but after his father inherited the English throne in 1603, he moved to England, where he spent much of the rest of his life. He became heir apparent to the kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland in 1612 upon the death of his elder brother, Henry Frederick, Prince of Wales. An unsuccessful and unpopular attempt to marry him to the Spanish Habsburg princess Maria Anna culminated in an eight-month visit to Spain in 1623 that demonstrated the futility of the marriage negotiation. Two years later, he married the Bourbon princess Henrietta Maria of France.

Baron Dudley

Baron Dudley

Baron Dudley is a title in the Peerage of England. It was created circa 1440 for John Sutton, a soldier who served as Lord Lieutenant of Ireland. The title descended in the Sutton family until the 17th century when Frances Sutton, the heir apparent to the title, married Humble Ward, who, himself, was granted the title Baron Ward in 1644. Their heirs inherited both titles until 1740 when the differing rules of inheritance meant that the Barony of Dudley descended on Ferdinando Dudley Lea, who became the 11th Baron whilst the Barony of Ward went to John Ward, who later became 1st Viscount Dudley and Ward. On Ferdinando's death in 1757, the title fell into abeyance. The title was revived in 1916.

Peerage of England

Peerage of England

The Peerage of England comprises all peerages created in the Kingdom of England before the Act of Union in 1707. In that year, the Peerages of England and Scotland were replaced by one Peerage of Great Britain. There are five peerages in the United Kingdom in total.

Birmingham

Birmingham

Birmingham is a city and metropolitan borough in the metropolitan county of West Midlands in England. It is the second-largest city in the United Kingdom with a population of 1.145 million in the city proper, 2.92 million in the West Midlands metropolitan county, and approximately 4.3 million in the wider metropolitan area. It is the largest UK metropolitan area outside of London. Birmingham is known as the second city of the United Kingdom.

Letters patent

Letters patent

Letters patent are a type of legal instrument in the form of a published written order issued by a monarch, president or other head of state, generally granting an office, right, monopoly, title or status to a person or corporation. Letters patent can be used for the creation of corporations or government offices, or for granting city status or a coat of arms. Letters patent are issued for the appointment of representatives of the Crown, such as governors and governors-general of Commonwealth realms, as well as appointing a Royal Commission. In the United Kingdom, they are also issued for the creation of peers of the realm.

Ferdinando Dudley Lea, 11th Baron Dudley

Ferdinando Dudley Lea, 11th Baron Dudley

Ferdinando Dudley Lea, 11th Baron Dudley (1710-1757) succeeded his uncle, William Ward, 10th Baron Dudley in the Barony of Dudley in 1740. However, he did not inherit the ancestral estates of the Barony, including Dudley Castle, which descended on a relative, John Ward. On Ferdinando's death in 1757 the barony fell into abeyance between his sisters.

House of Commons of Great Britain

House of Commons of Great Britain

The House of Commons of Great Britain was the lower house of the Parliament of Great Britain between 1707 and 1801. In 1707, as a result of the Acts of Union of that year, it replaced the House of Commons of England and the third estate of the Parliament of Scotland, as one of the most significant changes brought about by the Union of the kingdoms of England and Scotland into the Kingdom of Great Britain.

Marlborough (UK Parliament constituency)

Marlborough (UK Parliament constituency)

Marlborough was a parliamentary borough centred on the town of Marlborough in Wiltshire, which elected two Members of Parliament (MPs) to the House of Commons from 1295 until 1868, and then one member from 1868 until 1885, when the borough was abolished.

Ednam

Ednam

Ednam is a small village near Kelso in the Scottish Borders area of Scotland.

Barons Ward (1644) of Birmingham

Discover more about Barons Ward (1644) of Birmingham related topics

Humble Ward, 1st Baron Ward

Humble Ward, 1st Baron Ward

Humble Ward, 1st Baron Ward, of Birmingham was the son and heir of William Ward, a London goldsmith. He married Frances Sutton otherwise Dudley, 6th Baroness Dudley, granddaughter and sole heir of Edward Sutton, 5th Baron Dudley, whose estates including Dudley Castle and Himley Hall were settled on them on 17 February 1628, at their marriage. William Ward used his wealth to buy out Lord Dudley's debts, thereby rescuing what was left of the Dudley estate from Dudley's creditors.

Edward Ward, 7th Baron Dudley

Edward Ward, 7th Baron Dudley

Edward Ward, 7th Baron Dudley and 2nd Baron Ward (1631-1701) succeeded his father, Humble Ward as the 2nd Baron Ward in 1670 and his mother, Frances Ward as 7th Baron Dudley in 1697. He married Frances Brereton, the daughter of the Parliamentary General, Sir William Brereton. He died on 3 August 1701 and was buried at Himley.

Edward Ward, 8th Baron Dudley

Edward Ward, 8th Baron Dudley

Edward Ward, 8th Baron Dudley and 3rd Baron Ward (1683-1704) succeeded his grandfather, Edward Ward, 7th Baron Dudley in the Baronies of Dudley and Ward in 1701. He married Diana Howard, the daughter of Thomas Howard, Teller of the Exchequer. He died of smallpox in 1704 and was buried at Himley. He was succeeded by his son Edward.

Edward Ward, 9th Baron Dudley

Edward Ward, 9th Baron Dudley

Edward Ward, 9th Baron Dudley and 4th Baron Ward succeeded to the titles of Baron Dudley and Baron Ward at his birth in 1704, his father having died during the period of his mother's pregnancy. He died unmarried in 1731, when the titles were passed on to his uncle, William Ward.

William Ward, 10th Baron Dudley

William Ward, 10th Baron Dudley

William Ward, 10th Baron Dudley and 5th Baron Ward (1685-1740) succeeded his nephew, Edward Ward, 9th Baron Dudley in the Baronies of Dudley and Ward in 1731. On his death the two baronies separated, the Barony of Dudley descending to his nephew, Ferdinando Dudley Lea whilst the Barony of Ward, together with Dudley Castle, were inherited by John Ward

John Ward, 1st Viscount Dudley and Ward

John Ward, 1st Viscount Dudley and Ward

John Ward, 1st Viscount Dudley and Ward, known as John Ward until 1740 and as the 6th Baron Ward from 1740 to 1763, was a British Tory politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1727 to 1734.

Earls of Dudley, First Creation (1827)

Barons Ward (1644; Reverted)

Present peer

William Humble David Jeremy Ward, 5th Earl of Dudley (born 1947), also known as David Dudley, is the son of the 4th Earl and his wife Stella Carcano y Morra. He was educated at Eton College and Christ Church, Oxford, and was styled as Viscount Ednam between 1969 and 2013.[6]

On 3 July 1972 Dudley married firstly Sarah Mary Coats, daughter of Captain Sir Alastair Francis Stuart Coats, 4th Baronet, and his wife Lukyn Gordon; they were divorced in 1976, and in the same year he married secondly Debra Louise Pinney, daughter of George Robert Pinney. They were divorced in 1980, after having one child, Bethany Rowena Ward (born 1977).[6]

In 2003, Dudley was living at Villa Montanet, Les Garrigues, Goult-Gordes, France. On 16 November 2013 he succeeded to the peerages.[6]

The heir presumptive to the peerages is the present peer’s younger half-brother Leander Grenville Dudley Ward (born 1971).[6]

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Eton College

Eton College

Eton College is a public school in Eton, Berkshire, England. It was founded in 1440 by Henry VI under the name Kynge's College of Our Ladye of Eton besyde Windesore, intended as a sister institution to King's College, Cambridge, making it the 18th-oldest Headmasters' and Headmistresses' Conference (HMC) school. Eton is particularly well-known for its history, wealth, and notable alumni, called Old Etonians.

Christ Church, Oxford

Christ Church, Oxford

Christ Church is a constituent college of the University of Oxford in England. Founded in 1546 by King Henry VIII, the college is uniquely a joint foundation of the university and the cathedral of the Oxford diocese, Christ Church Cathedral, which both serves as the college chapel and whose dean is ex officio the college head.

Coats baronets

Coats baronets

The Coats Baronetcy, of Auchendrane in the parish of Maybole in the County of Ayr, is a title in the Baronetage of the United Kingdom. It was created on 7 December 1905 for James Coats, Director of J. and P. Coats Ltd, sewing cotton manufacturers. The second Baronet represented Wimbledon and East Surrey in the House of Commons as a Conservative.

Goult

Goult

Goult is a commune in the Vaucluse department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region in southeastern France. The village is perched on a hill with a solitary road to the peak. Near the end of the road is a 12th-century castle, the Château de Goult.

Gordes

Gordes

Gordes is a commune in the Vaucluse département in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region in southeastern France. The residents are known as Gordiens. The nearest big city is Avignon; smaller cities nearby include Cavaillon, L'Isle-sur-la-Sorgue and Apt.

Heir presumptive

Heir presumptive

An heir presumptive is the person entitled to inherit a throne, peerage, or other hereditary honour, but whose position can be displaced by the birth of an heir apparent or a new heir presumptive with a better claim to the position in question.

Line of succession

  1. Leander Grenville Dudley Ward (b.1971) brother of the 5th Earl
  2. Alexander Evelyn Giles Ward (b.1961) grandson of the 3rd Earl
  3. Archibald Rupert William Ward (b.1993) son of Alexander Ward
  4. Jeremy Christopher Ward (b.1975) grandson of the 3rd Earl
  5. Hector Geordie Ward (b.2009) son of Jeremy Ward
  6. Benjamin Robin Ward (b.1978) grandson of the 3rd Earl
  7. Rupert Michael Ward (b.1947) grandson of the 2nd Earl
  8. Eric Roderick Humble Ward (b.1973) son of Rupert Ward

Source: "Earl of Dudley", Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, (2023, January 25th), https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Earl_of_Dudley.

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See also
References
  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i Genealogical and Heraldic Dictionary of the Peerage and Baronetage of the British Empire. Burke's Peerage Limited. 1914. p. 658. Retrieved 24 March 2016.
  2. ^ "No. 10306". The London Gazette. 19 April 1763. p. 2.
  3. ^ "No. 18399". The London Gazette. 25 September 1827. p. 1993.
  4. ^ "No. 22356". The London Gazette. 14 February 1860. p. 518.
  5. ^ Raybould, T. J. "Lord Dudley and the Making of the Black Country". The Blackcountryman. 3 (2). Archived from the original on 29 October 2013. Retrieved 12 March 2013.
  6. ^ a b c d Burke's Peerage, volume 1 (Burke's Peerahe Ltd., 2003), p. 1189
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