Donetsk Republic (movement)
|Founded||9 December 2005|
|Banned||12 November 2007(in Ukraine)|
|Preceded by||International Movement of Donbass|
|Headquarters||Universitetskaya 19, Donetsk, Ukraine (non-government controlled)|
|Youth wing||Young Republic,|
|Paramilitary wing||Donbas People's Militia|
|Membership (2022)||247,720 (claimed)|
|Political position||Big tent|
|Colours||DNR Flag colours:|
|Seats in the People's Council|
74 / 100
Some of this article's listed sources may not be reliable. (October 2016)
The Social Movement "Donetsk Republic" (Russian: Общественное движение «Донецкая республика», romanized: Obshchestvennoye dvizheniye «Donetskaya respublika»; ODDR) is a pro-Russian separatist political movement operating in the Donetsk region of Ukraine. Before its annexation, the movement's goal was the creation of a "federation of sovereign Donetsk", which would include seven regions of eastern and southern Ukraine. The group was banned in 2007, but this ban was marginal until the 2014 Donbas war. In 2014, it founded the Donetsk People's Republic, which Ukraine's government deems a terrorist organization. The movement won the 2014 Donbas general elections with 68.53% of the vote and 68 seats, which were condemned as illegitimate and a violation of the Minsk ceasefire agreements between Ukraine, Russia, and the OSCE.
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Before the Russo-Ukrainian War
The organization was established on 6 December 2005 as a city organization by Andrei Purguin, Alexander Tsurkan, and Oleh Frolov and on 9 December 2005 with support of Hennadiy Prytkov as a regional organization. The main goal of the organization was to grant the eastern regions of Ukraine a special status. It claimed to fight the "orange plague" of President Viktor Yushchenko. Their goal was to create a Federal Republic of Donetsk in Southeast Ukraine. According to a map they published in 2006, this Federal Republic of Donetsk would comprise the Ukrainian Oblasts Kharkiv Oblast, Luhansk Oblast, Donetsk Oblast, Dnipropetrovsk Oblast, Zaporizhia Oblast and Kherson Oblast.
Prior to the spring of 2014, the organization drew little support and remained on the margins of local politics.  Its pre-2014 rallies were averagely attended by about 30–50 people. From 17 to 22 November 2006, its activists were conducting protests in Donetsk and were gathering signatures on creation of the Donetsk Republic. Their activities were not supported by the prime minister, Viktor Yanukovych. At the beginning of 2007, representatives of the organization conducted number of activities in various cities of eastern Ukraine propagating the idea of separatism and federalization of the country.
In 2014, the organization founded the Donetsk People's Republic, which Ukraine's government deems a terrorist organization.
The group's leader, Andrei Purgin, was arrested by the Security Service of Ukraine during the 2014 pro-Russian unrest.
Th movement won the 2014 Donbas general elections with 68.53% of the vote and 68 seats. The Communist Party of the Donetsk People's Republic participates in the Donetsk Republic's parliamentary group. In the election campaign prior to these elections only the candidate of Donetsk Republic, Alexander Zakharchenko, used billboards. This resulted to the only visible campaign advertising in Donetsk being in support of Zakharchenko.
In the days and weeks prior until the postponement of the DNR October 2015 local elections (to 21 February 2016) 90% of the (campaign) advertising was done by Donetsk Republic.
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|Election||Candidate||First round||Second round||Result|
68 / 100
74 / 100
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Source: "Donetsk Republic (movement)", Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, (2023, March 17th), https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Donetsk_Republic_(movement).
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2014 pro-Russian unrest in Ukraine
Donetsk People's Republic
Russian people's militias in Ukraine
2014 Donbas status referendums
War in Donbas (2014–2022)
Luhansk People's Republic
People's Council of the Donetsk People's Republic
Head of the Donetsk People's Republic
Outline of the Russo-Ukrainian War
- ^ "НАС: 247720". oddr.info.
- ^ a b http://oddr.info/o-nas/ О нас
- ^ Nordsieck, Wolfram (2018). "Donetsk People's Republic". Parties and Elections in Europe. Retrieved 31 July 2022.
- ^ https://studopedia.ru/24_63060_tablitsa-politicheskie-partii-i-obshchestvennie-dvizheniya-v-dnr.html Таблица. Политические партии и общественные движения в ДНР.
- ^ a b SBU detained the leader of Donetsk Republic. Espreso. 19 March 2014
- ^ a b Court banned the organization Donetsk Republic Archived 30 March 2014 at the Wayback Machine. Ura-Inform. 12 November 2007
- ^ a b "Ukraine's prosecutor general classifies self-declared Donetsk and Luhansk republics as terrorist organizations". Kyiv Post. 16 May 2014.
- ^ a b c "Донецькі бойовики за ніч порахували голоси: "переміг" Захарченко".
- ^ a b c (in Russian) Small bio of Andrei Purgin on Politrada
- ^ a b (in Russian) What's "New Russia" and how to be, Ukrayinska Pravda (15 August 2014)
- ^ Gerard Toal (2017). Near Abroad: Putin, the West and the Contest Over Ukraine and the Caucasus. Oxford University Press. p. 243. ISBN 978-0-19025-330-1.
- ^ Signature collection for the independent Donetsk Republic. Russia-3.
- ^ UNIAN: Yanukovych against the Donetsk Republic. Donetsk Republic. 23 November 2006
- ^ Donetsk Republic presented Ukraine as united but divided Archived 30 March 2014 at the Wayback Machine. Ura-Inform. 10 January 2007
- ^ Список депутатов Народного Совета ДНР созыва 2014 года [List of deputies of the People's Council of the People's Democratic Republic of 2014] (in Russian). 14 November 2014. Archived from the original on 18 November 2014. Retrieved 28 January 2015.
- ^ "Donetsk People's Republic campaign reveals shambolic tendencies". Financial Times. 23 October 2014. Retrieved 26 December 2014.
- ^ "Rebel-Backed Elections to Cement Status Quo in Ukraine". The New York Times. 2 November 2014. Retrieved 3 November 2014.
- ^ Pro-Russian rebels in Ukraine postpone disputed elections, Reuters (6 October 2015)
Ukraine rebels to delay elections, The Washington Post (6 October 2015)
- ^ (in Ukrainian) Donbas postpones elections, Gazeta.ru (5 October 2015)
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- 2014 pro-Russian unrest in Ukraine
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