Defence Staff (Sweden)
|Allegiance||Swedish Armed Forces|
|Role||Operational, territorial and tactical operations|
|LtGen Michael Claesson|
|Chief of the Defence Staff||See list|
|Vice Chief of the Defence Staff||See list|
|Service insignia m/1960|
The Defence Staff (Swedish: Försvarsstaben, Fst) is the Supreme Commander of the Swedish Armed Forces' staff body and command resource for military strategic command, mission dialogue and reporting to the Swedish government, as well as being responsible for the war organization's capability, availability and combat readiness. The latter with the support of the service branch commanders and the service branch staffs.
The Defence Staff was originally established in 1937 and was commanded by the Chief of the Defence Staff. Initially the tasks of the Defence Staff was limited to the overall military strategic and operational issues as well as to the central operational command of army forces. In 1961 a central operational command was added for the navy and air force. The Defence Staff ceased in connection with the reorganization of the Swedish Armed Forces in 1994 and with the creation of the Swedish Armed Forces Headquarters. Between 2007 and 2022, the Ledningsstaben (LEDS) in the Swedish Armed Forces Headquarters was called the Defence Staff in English and was commanded by the Chief of Defence Staff. The current Defence Staff was established on 1 January 2023.
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The Defence Staff was established on 1 July 1937 (SFS 1937:667) with the task of planning the use of the national defense funds and for the military branches perform the joint war preparations and to promote coherence and synergy between military branches. The Defence Staff was organized in 10 departments, Army Operational, Navy Operational, Air Force Operational, Military Signals, Cryptography, Air Defense, Communications, Intelligence, War History and Photo Department. In 1942 the first major reorganization took place. The Defence Staff became the Supreme Commander's (ÖB) staff, organized in three sections, as well as an Naval and an Aviation Department (later to Section 1). Section 1 comprised six departments: Army, Quartermaster, Air Defense, Communications, Signaling, Service and Photo Department. Section 2 comprised three departments: Foreign Affairs, Interior Affairs and War History Department and Section 3 two departments: the Press and Film as well as the Staff Welfare Department.
Next thorough reorganization of the Defence Staff occurred in 1961. An Operation Management (OPL 1 for Studies, OPL 2 for War Planning and OPL 3 for Preparedness and Exercises), four sections, one Administrative and Information Department and a Staff Welfare Bureau was formed. Section 1 comprised four departments, Public, Communication, Military Signals and Quartermaster Department, Section 2 three departments: Attaché, Intelligence and Domestic Department, Section 3 two departments: the Press and Film and War History Department, Section 4 Budget Detail and two departments, Research - and the Planning Department. An EDP office in Section 1 was established in 1965 (later the EDP Department). In 1968 the Total Defense Signal Security Department (Totalförsvarets signalskyddsavdelning) was added (formerly the National Signal Security Commission (Statens signalskyddsnämnd)).
The Defence Staff was again reorganized in 1980 with an Operating Department, six operational sections, a Planning Department with the four planning sections, an Administrative Section and an Information Department. The agency, known as The Supreme Commander (Överbefälhavaren), according to instructions (SFS 1983:276), was exercising the leadership of the nations military defense and related operational activities. The Defence Staff that since 1 July 1981 was named Överbefälhavaren, was in connection with the Swedish Armed Forces restructuring on 1 July 1994 amalgamated with the Swedish Armed Forces Headquarters.
The new Defence Staff was re-established on 1 January 2023 through the disbandment of the Defence Staff[note 1] and the Training & Procurement Staff.
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Heraldry and traditions
Colours, standards and guidons
The colour of the Defence Staff was a double swallow-tailed Swedish flag, which was presented in 1992. It was later taken over by the Swedish Armed Forces Headquarters.
Source: "Defence Staff (Sweden)", Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, (2022, August 8th), https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Defence_Staff_(Sweden).
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Supreme Commander of the Swedish Armed Forces
Skaraborg Regiment (armoured)
Life Guard Dragoons (Sweden)
Chief of Army (Sweden)
Air Staff (Sweden)
Chief of Navy (Sweden)
Swedish National Defence Research Institute
Naval Staff (Sweden)
Army Staff (Sweden)
Maritime Component Command
Surgeon-General of the Swedish Armed Forces
Air Component Command
East Coast Naval Base
Joint Forces Command (Sweden)
Swedish Armed Forces Headquarters
Swedish Armed Forces Centre for Defence Medicine
Chief of Joint Operations (Sweden)
- ^ Försvarets traditioner 2015, p. 11
- ^ a b c National Archives
- ^ "Försvarsmaktens gemensamma identitet – direktiv för användandet av Försvarsmaktens namn, profil och bild" (PDF). 1.3 (in Swedish). Swedish Armed Forces. 2013-09-16. p. 67. Retrieved 14 May 2019.
- ^ "Försvarsmaktens budgetunderlag för 2023" (PDF) (in Swedish). Swedish Armed Forces. 2022-02-25. p. 28. FM2021-19703:8. Retrieved 3 August 2022.
- ^ Braunstein 2004, p. 36
- Braunstein, Christian (2004). Svenska försvarsmaktens fälttecken efter millennieskiftet [The flags and standards of the Swedish Armed Forces after the turn of the millennium] (PDF). Skrift / Statens försvarshistoriska museer, 1101-7023 ; 7 [dvs 8] (in Swedish). Stockholm: Statens försvarshistoriska museer. ISBN 978-91-971584-7-3. SELIBR 9815350.
- Försvarets traditioner i framtiden med översiktlig historik från 1500-talet (PDF) (in Swedish). Statens försvarshistoriska museer TradN. 2015. ISBN 9789197859554. SELIBR 17552963. Archived from the original (PDF) on 12 April 2017. Retrieved 11 April 2017.
- "Försvarsstaben (1937 – 1994)" [The Defence Staff (1937 – 1994)] (in Swedish). National Archives of Sweden. Retrieved 11 April 2017.
- 1937 establishments in Sweden
- 1994 disestablishments in Sweden
- 2023 establishments in Sweden
- Articles containing Swedish-language text
- Articles with short description
- CS1 Swedish-language sources (sv)
- Joint military units and formations of Sweden
- Military units and formations disestablished in 1994
- Military units and formations established in 1937
- Military units and formations established in 2023
- Short description matches Wikidata
- Staff (military)
- Stockholm Garrison
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