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David ben Joseph Coen Bakri

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David ben Joseph Coen Bakri (born about 1770; died Feb. 4, 1811) was a financier and chief of the Algerian Jews.

His financial abilities placed him early at the head of the important firm "Bakri Brothers", founded by his father. In 1797 David married Aziza, a niece of the powerful Naphtali Busnash, who at that time became a partner in the firm, which then assumed the name "Bakri Busnash". Supported by the regency, which was but a tool in the hands of Busnash, and skillfully managed by David, the company expanded its business at sea, and many European governments entrusted them with the management of their Algerian money affairs. On several occasions, they defied the British government in purchasing from French privateers the vessels that they had captured from the allies. During the dearth of food in France they supplied the latter with a considerable quantity of wheat on credit; and on their advice, the Dey authorized a loan to the French Directory of five million francs, the credit for which was eventually transferred to them.

The settlement of this loan brought about thirty years later the definitive rupture between the regency and France, and, finally, the conquest of Algeria by the French. On the assassination of Busnash and the anti-Jewish riots which followed it, the firm "Bakri Busnash" became insolvent; and David himself was thrown into prison under the pretext that the firm owed the regency a sum of five million francs. Set free on a promise to pay the alleged debt, he soon built up the firm "Bakri," owing to the help he received from several European governments for the services he had rendered them. He even succeeded in winning the confidence of the new Dey, who appointed him in 1806 chief of the Algerian Jews. This post proved fatal to him. His irreconcilable enemy, David Duran, who coveted this office, is thought to have undermined Bakri's position. The latter was accused of high treason and decapitated.

Discover more about David ben Joseph Coen Bakri related topics

Naphtali Busnash

Naphtali Busnash

Naphtali Busnash was Chief of the Algerian Jews and statesman; born in Algiers in the middle of the eighteenth century; assassinated June 28, 1805.

Regent

Regent

A regent is a person appointed to govern a state pro tempore because the monarch is a minor, absent, incapacitated or unable to discharge the powers and duties of the monarchy, or the throne is vacant and the new monarch has not yet been determined. One variation is in the Monarchy of Liechtenstein, where a competent monarch may chose to assign regency to their of-age heir, handing over the majority of their responsibilities to prepare the heir for future succession. The rule of a regent or regents is called a regency. A regent or regency council may be formed ad hoc or in accordance with a constitutional rule. Regent is sometimes a formal title granted to a monarch's most trusted advisor or personal assistant. If the regent is holding their position due to their position in the line of succession, the compound term prince regent is often used; if the regent of a minor is their mother, she would be referred to as queen regent.

Dey

Dey

Dey, from the Turkish honorific title dayı, literally meaning uncle, was the title given to the rulers of the Regency of Algiers (Algeria), Tripoli, and Tunis under the Ottoman Empire from 1671 onwards. Twenty-nine deys held office from the establishment of the deylicate in Algeria until the French conquest in 1830.

French Directory

French Directory

The Directory was the governing five-member committee in the French First Republic from 2 November 1795 until 9 November 1799, when it was overthrown by Napoleon Bonaparte in the Coup of 18 Brumaire and replaced by the Consulate. Directoire is the name of the final four years of the French Revolution. Mainstream historiography also uses the term in reference to the period from the dissolution of the National Convention on 26 October 1795 to Napoleon's coup d’état.

Source: "David ben Joseph Coen Bakri", Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, (2022, November 25th), https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/David_ben_Joseph_Coen_Bakri.

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External links
  • Bloch, Inscriptions Tumulaires, pp. 88 et seq.
  •  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainSinger, Isidore; et al., eds. (1901–1906). "David ben Joseph Bakri". The Jewish Encyclopedia. New York: Funk & Wagnalls.

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