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Coupe SUV

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The first-generation BMW X6, widely regarded as the first coupe SUV
The first-generation BMW X6, widely regarded as the first coupe SUV

A coupe SUV is a type of sport utility vehicle with a sloping rear roofline similar to those of fastbacks or Kammbacks. The sloping roofline is adopted to offer a styling advantage compared to its standard SUV counterpart,[1][2] which helps increase profit margins as manufacturers are able to raise the price by marketing it as a more premium model.[3] Since all coupe SUVs ever produced are of the crossover variety, coupe SUVs may also be called "coupe crossovers" or "coupe crossover SUVs".

Although the term "coupe" itself is supposed to refer to a passenger car with a sloping or truncated rear roofline and two (or three) doors, traditional two-door SUVs (including body-on-frame SUVs) such as certain models of Toyota RAV4 and Jeep Wrangler are never considered by such terms, and every coupe SUV by definition (except for the Range Rover Evoque Coupé) is equipped with five doors.[4] The body style notably gained criticism as some see it as less attractive and less practical than normal crossovers, since the low roofline reduces cargo space and rear passenger headroom.[5]

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Fastback

Fastback

A fastback is an automotive styling feature, defined by the rear of the car having a single slope from the roof to the tail. The kammback is a type of fastback style.

Kammback

Kammback

A Kammback—also known as a Kamm tail or K-tail—is an automotive styling feature wherein the rear of the car slopes downwards before being abruptly cut off with a vertical or near-vertical surface. A Kammback improves aerodynamic drag, thus improving efficiency and fuel consumption, while maintaining a practical shape for a vehicle.

Profit margin

Profit margin

Profit margin is a measure of profitability. It is calculated by finding the profit as a percentage of the revenue.

Crossover (automobile)

Crossover (automobile)

A crossover, crossover SUV, or crossover utility vehicle (CUV) is a type of automobile with an increased ride height that is built on unibody chassis construction shared with passenger cars, as opposed to traditional sport utility vehicles (SUV) which are built on a body-on-frame chassis construction similar to pickup trucks.

Coupe

Coupe

A coupe or coupé is a passenger car with a sloping or truncated rear roofline and two doors.

Liftback

Liftback

A liftback is a variation of hatchback with a sloping roofline between 45 and 5 degrees. Traditional hatchback designs usually have a 90 to 46 degree slope on the tailgate or rear door. As such the liftback is essentially a hatchback with a more sloping roof, similar to sedans/saloons from a styling perspective. Some liftbacks may also have an appearance similar to a coupe but with a tailgate hinged at the roof that is lifted to open.

Body-on-frame

Body-on-frame

Body-on-frame, also known as ladder frame construction, is a common motor vehicle construction method, whereby a separate body or coach is mounted on a strong and relatively rigid vehicle frame or chassis that carries the powertrain and to which the wheels and their suspension, brakes, and steering are mounted. While this was the original method of building automobiles, body-on-frame construction is now used mainly for heavy trucks, pickups, and predominantly large SUVs.

Toyota RAV4

Toyota RAV4

The Toyota RAV4 is a compact crossover SUV produced by the Japanese automobile manufacturer Toyota. Considered the first ever compact crossover SUV, it made its debut in Japan and Europe in 1994, and in North America in 1995, being launched in January 1996. The vehicle was designed for consumers wanting a vehicle that had most of the benefits of SUVs, such as increased cargo room, higher visibility, and the option of full-time four-wheel drive, along with the manoeuvrability and fuel economy of a compact car. The vehicle's name is an abbreviation of "Recreational Active Vehicle with 4-wheel drive", or "Robust Accurate Vehicle with 4-wheel drive", although not all models come equipped with the four-wheel drive system.

Jeep Wrangler

Jeep Wrangler

The Jeep Wrangler is a series of compact and mid-size four-wheel drive off-road SUVs manufactured by Jeep since 1986, and currently in its fourth generation. The Wrangler JL, the most recent generation, was unveiled in late-2017 and is produced at Jeep's Toledo Complex.

Range Rover Evoque

Range Rover Evoque

The Land Rover Range Rover Evoque is a compact luxury crossover SUV developed and produced by Jaguar Land Rover under their Land Rover marque. The original Evoque was a development of the Land Rover LRX concept vehicle, which was unveiled at the North American International Auto Show in January 2008. The first generation Evoque was produced from July 2011 until 2018 in three and five-door versions, with both two-wheel and four-wheel drive. The second generation of the car went into production in 2018.

History

Range Rover Evoque Coupé, a three-door coupe SUV
Range Rover Evoque Coupé, a three-door coupe SUV

The BMW X6 is generally considered the first coupe SUV.[6] It was based on the BMW X5 and has been marketed as a "Sports Activity Coupé" (SAC), as opposed to standard BMW crossovers, which are called "Sports Activity Vehicles" (SAVs). Introduced in 2008, the X6's styling generated some controversy upon its introduction, as it had less cargo space and a higher price. Mercedes-Benz followed suit in 2015 with the GLE-Class Coupe, while Audi released the Q8 in 2018.[7][8]

The AMC Eagle SX/4, which was introduced in 1981, has also been argued to be the first coupe SUV, since it is a lifted two-door liftback with a permanent all-wheel drive system and was marketed as a car that is capable of light-duty off-roading.[9] The second-generation Lexus RX and the 2003 Infiniti FX had introduced similar sloping roof design elements without being marketed as coupe SUVs.[10]

Due to its roots from the BMW X6, the segment in its early days mostly consisted of vehicles in the luxury segment.[6] Audi released the coupe version of their Q5 crossover with the "Sportback" moniker, while Mercedes-Benz uses the "Coupé" designation, both in line with their two-door and four-door coupes or fastbacks.[11] Several manufacturers began offering coupe crossovers from non-luxury segments, for example the Renault Arkana,[12] and some China-only models such as the Mazda CX-4,[13] Volkswagen Tiguan X and Škoda Kodiaq GT.

Some crossovers may feature similar fastback roof sloping, but are not explicitly marketed as coupe SUVs. Examples are the Tesla Model X and Model Y, Toyota C-HR, Nissan Ariya, and Volvo C40.

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BMW X6

BMW X6

The BMW X6 is a mid-size luxury crossover SUV by German automaker BMW. The BMW X6 is the originator of the sports activity coupé (SAC), referencing its sloping rear roof design. It combines the attributes of an SUV with the stance of a coupé. It is built in BMW's North American plant in Greer, South Carolina alongside the BMW X5, whose platform it shares. Prior to the release of the X7, the X6 was considered a flagship SUV for BMW.

BMW X5

BMW X5

The BMW X5 is a mid-size luxury SUV produced by BMW. The X5 made its debut in 1999 as the E53 model. It was BMW's first SUV. At launch, it featured all-wheel drive and was available with either a manual or automatic gearbox. The second generation was launched in 2006, and was known internally as the E70. The E70 featured the torque-split capable xDrive all-wheel drive system mated to an automatic gearbox. In 2009, the X5 M performance variant was released as a 2010 model.

Mercedes-Benz

Mercedes-Benz

Mercedes-Benz, commonly referred to as Mercedes and sometimes as Benz, is a German luxury and commercial vehicle automotive brand established in 1926. Mercedes-Benz AG is headquartered in Stuttgart, Baden-Württemberg, Germany. Mercedes-Benz AG produces consumer luxury vehicles and commercial vehicles badged as Mercedes-Benz. From November 2019 onwards, Mercedes-Benz-badged heavy commercial vehicles are managed by Daimler Truck, a former part of the Mercedes-Benz Group turned into an independent company in late 2021. In 2018, Mercedes-Benz was the largest brand of premium vehicles in the world, having sold 2.31 million passenger cars.

Audi

Audi

Audi AG is a German automotive manufacturer of luxury vehicles headquartered in Ingolstadt, Bavaria, Germany. As a subsidiary of its parent company, the Volkswagen Group, Audi produces vehicles in nine production facilities worldwide.

Audi Q8

Audi Q8

The Audi Q8 is a mid-size luxury crossover SUV coupé made by Audi that was launched in 2018. It is the flagship of the Audi SUV line, and is being produced at the Volkswagen Bratislava Plant.

All-wheel drive

All-wheel drive

An all-wheel drive vehicle is one with a powertrain capable of providing power to all its wheels, whether full-time or on-demand.

Off-roading

Off-roading

Off-roading is the activity of driving or riding in a vehicle on unpaved surfaces such as sand, gravel, riverbeds, mud, snow, rocks, and other natural terrain. Types of off-roading range in intensity, from leisure drives with unmodified vehicles, to competitions with customized vehicles and professional drivers. Off-roaders have been met with criticism for the environmental damage caused by their vehicles. There have also been extensive debates over the role of government in regulating the sport, including a Supreme Court case brought against the Bureau of Land Management in the United States.

Audi Q5

Audi Q5

The Audi Q5 is a series of compact luxury crossover SUVs produced by the German luxury car manufacturer Audi from 2008. The original first-generation model was the third member of the B8 family to be released after the Audi A5 and fourth-generation A4, all being based on the Audi MLB platform. The second generation Q5 debuted in 2016 and shares the Audi MLB Evo platform with the corresponding B9 versions of the A4 and A5.

Renault Arkana

Renault Arkana

The Renault Arkana is a compact crossover SUV (C-segment) with a sloping rear roofline produced by the French manufacturer Renault. The car debuted in May 2019 in Russia as a car based on the older Dacia/Renault Duster B0 platform. Another separate version of the vehicle was introduced in South Korea in February 2020 as the Renault Samsung XM3, and is based on a more advanced CMF-B platform. The latter version of the Arkana was later introduced in core European market in September 2020.

Mazda CX-4

Mazda CX-4

The Mazda CX-4 is a compact crossover SUV that was introduced in April 2016 at the Beijing Motor Show, and is produced and sold exclusively in China by the joint venture FAW Mazda.

Tesla Model X

Tesla Model X

The Tesla Model X is a battery electric mid-size luxury crossover SUV produced by Tesla, Inc. since 2015. Developed from the full-sized sedan platform of the Tesla Model S, the vehicle is notable in that it uses falcon-wing doors for passenger access.

Tesla Model Y

Tesla Model Y

The Tesla Model Y is a battery electric compact crossover manufactured by Tesla, Inc. Unveiled in March 2019, it started production at its Fremont plant in January 2020, and started deliveries on March 13, 2020.

Marketing

According to Strategic Vision, an automotive research and consulting company, buyers of coupe SUVs—particularly those from Mercedes-Benz—are four to five years younger than the usual buyers of typical SUVs. This decreases a car brand's average age, which in turn increases the brand's desirability. They also noted that buyers of SUV coupes are less price-sensitive, which means brands can increase the price tag on these vehicles without affecting sales.[3] For example, the BMW X6 has an MSRP which is more expensive by around US$5,000 in the US compared to the comparably-equipped BMW X5, which greatly helped increase revenue for BMW despite being the less popular model.[14]

Criticism

The coupe SUV category has attracted criticism due to being more expensive than its traditional SUV counterpart, despite having reduced cargo space and rear passenger headroom due to their lower rear roof. Like other crossover SUVs, coupe SUVs also offers poorer performance than their coupe/sedan/wagon equivalent due to additional weight and ride height.[5] Kristen Lee from Jalopnik argued that coupe SUVs "aren’t are [sic] particularly good at any one thing,"[15] Other criticisms arise from the fact that coupe SUV contradicts the traditional concept of a coupe which should only have two doors, frameless doors, and 2+2 seating.[16][17]

Since its introduction, the exterior design of the BMW X6 has been widely regarded as controversial, as the rear design in particular was said to make the car look "heavy". The first-generation Acura ZDX has received a negative reception from critics and was not a sales success.[18] [19][20]

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Gallery

Source: "Coupe SUV", Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, (2023, February 14th), https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coupe_SUV.

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See also
References
  1. ^ "Coupe de grace: How the SUV coupe offers the best of both worlds". CNA Luxury. Retrieved 2021-01-17.
  2. ^ Golson, Daniel (2018-11-13). "The Crossover Coupe Explained—and Every One You Can Buy Today". Car and Driver. Retrieved 2021-01-17.
  3. ^ a b "Expert Explains Why People Are Buying SUV Coupes". Motor1.com. Retrieved 2021-01-17.
  4. ^ www.ETAuto.com. "Half sports car, half off-roader: The era of the SUV Coupe has begun - ET Auto". ETAuto.com. Retrieved 2021-01-17.
  5. ^ a b Noordeloos, Marc (2019-04-03). "The SUV "Coupe" Is Ridiculous and Needs to Go Away". Automobile. Archived from the original on 2019-10-16. Retrieved 2021-01-18.
  6. ^ a b "Auto Plus TV: why such a wave of coupe SUVs?". Byri. 2021-06-18. Retrieved 2022-02-02.
  7. ^ Perez, Jeff (10 May 2018). "2019 Audi Q8: Everything We Know". Motor1.com. Retrieved 7 January 2019.
  8. ^ Sheehan, Sam. "Striking Audi Q8 concept previews 2018 flagship model". Autocar. Retrieved 24 February 2017.
  9. ^ "Opinion: It was the Americans who inspired the SUV coupe trend". WhichCar. Retrieved 2022-02-02.
  10. ^ "The rise, fall and rise of the crossover coupe". Retrieved 2021-01-17.
  11. ^ "Super comparison test: Mercedes-Benz GLE Coupe vs Audi Q8, BMW X6". MercedesBlog. 2019-03-29. Retrieved 2021-04-10.
  12. ^ "Arkana matata: Renault's made a BMW X4 rival". Top Gear. 2020-09-23. Retrieved 2021-04-10.
  13. ^ FineAuto (2019-12-21). "Updated coupe-crossover Mazda CX-4 became the best-selling brand". FineAuto. Retrieved 2021-01-17.
  14. ^ Homer, Desiree (2020-06-24). "How Does BMW Make Money Off of the Less Popular X6 Coupe?". MotorBiscuit. Retrieved 2022-02-03.
  15. ^ "Those Goofy 'Coupe' SUVs? People Are Buying The Hell Out Of Them". Jalopnik. Retrieved 2022-02-02.
  16. ^ "The rise and rise of the SUV-Coupé". Autocar. Retrieved 2022-02-02.
  17. ^ "Coupes, crossovers, and other car body styles, explained". Popular Science. 2021-07-14. Retrieved 2022-02-02.
  18. ^ "NEW YORK AUTO SHOW: Which Design Is More Polarizing? Acura ZDX Or BMW X6? - AutoSpies Auto News". www.autospies.com. Retrieved 2022-02-02.
  19. ^ "2009 BMW X6 xDrive35i Review". Drive. 2009-01-01. Retrieved 2022-02-02.
  20. ^ Edmunds, Dan (May 2010). "2010 Acura ZDX: Suspension Walkaround". Archived from the original on 29 May 2010. Retrieved 28 May 2010.

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