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Coastal Fleet

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Coastal Fleet
Kustflottan
Heraldic arms
Active1904–2000
CountrySweden
AllegianceSwedish Armed Forces
BranchSwedish Navy
TypeNaval force composed of surface combatant, minelayer, minehunter and submarine units
RoleNaval authority
March"Kustflottans marsch" (Åke Dohlin)[1]
Insignia
Naval EnsignNaval Ensign of Sweden.svg

The Coastal Fleet[2] (Swedish: Kustflottan, Kfl) was until 1994 a Swedish Navy authority with the main task of training the naval ships commanders and crews.[3] After the formation of the authority Swedish Armed Forces in 1994, the Coastal Fleet remained as a unit until 2000.

History

The Coastal Fleet at Strömmen in Stockholm in 1937.
The Coastal Fleet at Strömmen in Stockholm in 1937.

The Swedish Navy ships were equipped for expeditions during the summer months and were organized in temporary squadrons under the leadership of the Highest Commander (högste befälhavare). In 1904 an Inspector of the Navy's Exercises at Sea (Inspektör för flottans övningar till sjöss) was also appointed, the highest commander of the coastal squadrons. From 1909 the squadrons began to be called coastal fleets. From 1919, the positions of the Highest Commander and Inspector of the Navy's Exercises at Sea (SFS 1918:868) were merged and the position of the Highest Commander of the Coastal Fleet (Högste befälhavaren för kustflottan) was created, which in turn was changed in 1931 to the Chief of the Coastal Fleet (Chefen för kustflottan).[4]

The command flag of the last Chief of the Coastal Fleet, Frank Rosenius, was lowered on 30 June 1998.[5]

Discover more about History related topics

Stockholms ström

Stockholms ström

Stockholms ström, also known as Strömmen, in Stockholm is the innermost part of Saltsjön, a bay of the Baltic Sea. It continues into Lake Mälaren through Norrström and Söderström.

Stockholm

Stockholm

Stockholm is the capital and largest city of Sweden as well as the largest urban area in Scandinavia. Approximately 980,000 people live in the municipality, with 1.6 million in the urban area, and 2.4 million in the metropolitan area. The city stretches across fourteen islands where Lake Mälaren flows into the Baltic Sea. Outside the city to the east, and along the coast, is the island chain of the Stockholm archipelago. The area has been settled since the Stone Age, in the 6th millennium BC, and was founded as a city in 1252 by Swedish statesman Birger Jarl. It is also the county seat of Stockholm County. For several hundred years, Stockholm was the capital of Finland as well, which then was a part of Sweden. The population of the municipality of Stockholm is expected to reach one million people in 2024.

Swedish Navy

Swedish Navy

The Swedish Navy is the naval branch of the Swedish Armed Forces. It is composed of surface and submarine naval units – the Fleet – as well as marine units, the Amphibious Corps.

Swedish Code of Statutes

Swedish Code of Statutes

The Swedish Code of Statutes is the official law code of Sweden which contains the statutes and ordinances enacted and designated by the Government, including a publication of all new Swedish laws enacted by the Riksdag. Every law shall be cited an SFS number, including legislation amending already existing law. The number contained in the citation consists of a four digit year, a colon and then an incrementing number by year. For instance, the Instrument of Government is SFS 1974:152, with each amendment having its own SFS number. The amendments are usually referred to as (year:number) in the main law text.

Frank Rosenius

Frank Rosenius

Vice Admiral Frank Enver Rosenius is a retired Swedish Navy officer. Rosenius senior commands include chief of the Coastal Fleet from 1994 to 1998 and Deputy Supreme Commander from 1998 to 2000. Rosenius also served as chief of the His Majesty's Military Staff from 2003 to 2007.

Heraldry and traditions

Colours, standards and guidons

The colour of the Coastal Fleet was a double swallow-tailed Swedish flag, which was presented in 1976. It was later taken over by the Joint Forces Command.[6]

Coat of arms

The coat of the arms of the Coastal Fleet 1979–1997. Blazon: "Azure, an anchor erect cabled, argent".[7]

Commanding officers

Chief of the Coastal Fleet, Rear Admiral Yngve Ekstrand and Louise Mountbatten in 1943.
Chief of the Coastal Fleet, Rear Admiral Yngve Ekstrand and Louise Mountbatten in 1943.

Inspector of the Navy's Exercises at Sea

Highest Commander of the Coastal Fleet

Chief of the Coastal Fleet

Flag Captains

  • 1904–1907: Commander Herman Wrangel
  • 1907–1907: Captain Carl August Ehrensvärd
  • 1907–1909: Commander Gustaf af Klint
  • 1909–1915: Commander Henning von Krusenstierna
  • 1914–1915: Lieutenant commander Ulf Carl Knutsson Sparre (acting)
  • 1915–1918: Captain Carl Alarik Wachtmeister
  • 1918–1919: Lieutenant commander Henrik Gisiko
  • 1920–1923: Captain Gustaf Starck
  • 1923–1925: Captain Charles de Champs
  • 1925–1930: Captain Claës Lindsström
  • 1930–1931: Captain Fabian Tamm
  • 1932–1933: Captain Hans Simonsson
  • 1933–1936: Captain Gösta Ehrensvärd
  • 1937–1939: Captain Yngve Ekstrand
  • 1939–1941: Captain Helge Strömbäck
  • 1941–1943: Captain Erik Anderberg
  • 1943–1945: Captain Erik Samuelson
  • 1946–1948: Captain John Wirström
  • 1948–1950: –
  • 1950–1951: Captain Erik af Klint
  • 1951–1953: Captain Bertil Berthelsson
  • 1953–1956: Captain Einar Blidberg
  • 1957–1959: Captain Åke Lindemalm
  • 1959–1964: Captain Magnus Starck
  • 1964–1966: Captain Nils-Erik Ödman
  • 1966–1971: Captain Alf Berggren
  • 1971–1973: Captain Göte Blom
  • 1973–1973: Commander Sigurd Håkansson
  • 1973–1978: Captain Åke Johnson
  • 1978–1980: Captain Lennart Forsman
  • 1980–1980: Captain Bengt O'Konor
  • 1980–1982: Captain Holger Grenstad
  • 1982–1983: Captain Johan Bring
  • 1983–1985: Captain Claes Tornberg
  • 1985–1986: Captain Gustaf Taube
  • 1986–1988: Captain Bengt Uggla
  • 1988–1989: Captain Frank Rosenius
  • 1989–1992: Captain Emil Svensson
  • 1992–1994: Captain Christer Hägg
  • 1994–1996: Captain Olof Jonsson
  • 1996–1998: Captain Anders Stävberg

Discover more about Commanding officers related topics

Louise Mountbatten

Louise Mountbatten

Louise Alexandra Marie Irene Mountbatten was Queen of Sweden from 29 October 1950 until her death in 1965 as the wife of King Gustaf VI Adolf. Born a princess of the German House of Battenberg, Louise was closely related to the ruling families of Britain as a great-granddaughter of Queen Victoria and Russia as a niece of the Empress of Russia. During the First World War, Louise served as a nurse in the Red Cross. She married the widowed Gustaf Adolf in 1923 and assumed the role of Sweden's first lady but did not become queen until his accession in 1950. Queen Louise was noted for her eccentricity and progressive views.

Carl August Ehrensvärd (1858–1944)

Carl August Ehrensvärd (1858–1944)

Count Carl August Ehrensvärd was a Swedish Navy admiral, politician and Minister for Naval Affairs 1907–1911.

Otto Lybeck

Otto Lybeck

Admiral Otto Emil Lybeck was a Swedish Navy officer. Lybeck's senior commands include Minister of Defence, Chief of the Coastal Fleet and Chief of the Naval Staff.

Harald Åkermark

Harald Åkermark

Vice Admiral Carl Harald Åkermark was a senior Swedish Navy officer. Åkermark commanded many ships, including the coastal defence ship HSwMS Drottning Victoria. He served as head of the Military Office of the Minister for Naval Affairs (1923–1927), as Chief of the Coastal Fleet (1927–1933) and as head of the Royal Swedish Naval Materiel Administration (1933–1938). He retired in 1938 but was called back for service during World War II as Commanding Admiral of the West Coast Naval District (1939–1942).

Fabian Tamm

Fabian Tamm

Admiral Claës Fabian Tamm was a Swedish Navy officer. He served as the Chief of the Navy from 1939 to 1945.

Gösta Ehrensvärd

Gösta Ehrensvärd

Vice Admiral Count Gösta Carl Albert Ehrensvärd was a Swedish Navy officer.

Erik Samuelson

Erik Samuelson

Vice Admiral Johan Erik Samuelson was a senior Swedish Navy officer. Samuelson's senior postings includes as flag captain (1943–1945), as Chief of the Coastal Fleet (1946–1950), and Commanding Admiral of the Naval Command South (1950–1958).

Erik af Klint (1901–1981)

Erik af Klint (1901–1981)

Vice Admiral Erik Viktor Philip Gustafsson af Klint was a Swedish Navy naval officer. af Klint's senior commands include postings as Chief of Staff of the Coastal Fleet, head of Section 2 of the Defence Staff, Chief of the Coastal Fleet and commanding officer of the Naval Command East.

Bertil Berthelsson

Bertil Berthelsson

Vice Admiral Alfred Erik Bertil Berthelsson was a senior naval officer in the Swedish Navy. Berthelsson served as flag captain (1951–1953), as Chief of the Naval Staff (1953–1957), as Chief of the Coastal Fleet (1957–1961) and as commanding officer of the Naval Command South (1961–1966).

Einar Blidberg

Einar Blidberg

Vice Admiral Carl Einar Blidberg was a Swedish Navy officer. Blidberg served as Chief of the Naval Staff from 1957 to 1961, Chief of the Coastal Fleet from 1962 to 1966, and as commanding officer of the Naval Command East and the East Coast Naval Base from 1966 to 1971.

Dag Arvas

Dag Arvas

Rear Admiral Dag Gustaf Christer Arvas was a Swedish Navy officer. Arvas senior commands include Vice Chief of the Defence Staff, Chief of the Coastal Fleet and Chief of the Military Office of the Minister of Defence.

Christer Kierkegaard

Christer Kierkegaard

Rear Admiral Sören Christer Douglas Kierkegaard was a Swedish Navy officer. Swedlund's senior commands include as Chief of the Coastal Fleet from 1970 to 1977 and commander of the East Coast Naval Base from 1977 to 1983.

Source: "Coastal Fleet", Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, (2023, January 25th), https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coastal_Fleet.

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References

Notes

  1. ^ Sandberg 2007, p. 204
  2. ^ Appich 1988, p. 27
  3. ^ "Kustflottan". Nationalencyklopedin (in Swedish). Retrieved 20 October 2017.
  4. ^ "Chefen för kustflottan (1875 – )" [Chief of the Coastal Fleet (1875 – )] (in Swedish). National Archives of Sweden. Retrieved 20 October 2017.
  5. ^ Jeppsson 2009, p. 132
  6. ^ Braunstein 2004, p. 36
  7. ^ Braunstein 2006, p. 51

Print

Further reading
  • Hofsten, Gustaf von; Rosenius, Frank, eds. (2009). Kustflottan: de svenska sjöstridskrafterna under 1900-talet. Marinlitteraturföreningen, 0348-2405 ; 94Forum navales skriftserie, 1650-1837 ; 34 (in Swedish). Stockholm: Kungliga örlogsmannasällskapet. ISBN 978-91-977973-1-3. SELIBR 11621245.
External links

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