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Christer Kierkegaard

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Christer Kierkegaard
Birth nameSören Christer Douglas Kierkegaard
Born(1918-07-17)17 July 1918
Lillkyrka, Örebro, Sweden
Died24 December 1999(1999-12-24) (aged 81)
Råsunda, Solna, Sweden
AllegianceSweden
Service/branchSwedish Navy
Years of service1939–1983
RankRear Admiral
Commands held
Battles/warsHårsfjärden incident

Rear Admiral Sören Christer Douglas Kierkegaard (17 July 1918 – 24 December 1999) was a Swedish Navy officer. Swedlund's senior commands include as Chief of the Coastal Fleet from 1970 to 1977 and commander of the East Coast Naval Base from 1977 to 1983.

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Early life

Kierkegaard was born on 17 July 1918 at the Ekeberg estate in Lillkyrka Parish [sv] in Örebro Municipality, Sweden,[1] the son of Nils Kierkegaard (1875–1962) and his wife Ingegerd (née Swensson). He had several siblings and half-siblings, including banker Christian Kierkegaard (1925–2003) and the professor of structural chemistry at Stockholm University Peder Kierkegaard [sv] (1928–1996).[2][3] The Kierkegaard family originates from Horsens in Denmark. Kierkegaard's ancestor, Niels Christian Kierkegaard, was born in 1817, he traveled to Sweden in 1839 and became a shipbuilder there. He died in Gothenburg in 1869. From him descends the great Swedish family of landowners at Ekeberg estate.[4]

Christer Kierkegaard passed studentexamen in Örebro in 1936 and began his military service as a cadet at the Royal Swedish Naval Academy in Stockholm. A few days after the outbreak of World War II, he graduated as an acting sub-lieutenant and was commissioned as an officer in the Swedish Navy.[5]

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Örebro Municipality

Örebro Municipality

Örebro Municipality is a municipality in Örebro County in central Sweden. Its seat is located in the city of Örebro.

Stockholm University

Stockholm University

Stockholm University is a public research university in Stockholm, Sweden, founded as a college in 1878, with university status since 1960. With over 33,000 students at four different faculties: law, humanities, social sciences, and natural sciences, it is one of the largest universities in Scandinavia. The institution is regarded as one of the top 100 universities in the world by the Academic Ranking of World Universities (ARWU).

Horsens

Horsens

Horsens is a city on the east coast of Jutland region of Denmark. It is the seat of the Horsens municipality. The city's population is 61,074 and the municipality's population is 94,443, making it the 8th largest city in Denmark.

Gothenburg

Gothenburg

Gothenburg is the second-largest city in Sweden, fifth-largest in the Nordic countries, and capital of the Västra Götaland County. It is situated by the Kattegat, on the west coast of Sweden, and has a population of approximately 590,000 in the city proper and about 1.1 million inhabitants in the metropolitan area.

Studentexamen

Studentexamen

Studentexamen, earlier also mogenhetsexamen was the name of the university entrance examination in Sweden from the 17th century to 1968. From 1862 to 1968, it was taken as a final written and oral exam on graduation from gymnasium. In Finland the examination still exists. The exam traces its origin to the academic statutes from 1655 requiring the dean to examine students arriving at university before allowing matriculation. According to the school reglement of 1693, a prospective student was to have gone through both a final examination at school and an entrance examination at university. The school reglement of 1724 allowed students without a final examination from school to enroll at university, provided a person known at the university would guarantee their behaviour, which led to it becoming common for students from wealthy families to be matriculated at a very young age, accompanied by a private tutor. Although these were not actually supposed to be allowed to graduate, this rule was not always strictly upheld.

Örebro

Örebro

Örebro is the sixth-largest city in Sweden, the seat of Örebro Municipality, and capital of the Örebro County. It is situated by the Närke Plain, near the lake Hjälmaren, a few kilometers inland along the small river Svartån, and has a population of approximately 126,000 in the city proper. It is one of the largest inland hubs of the country, and a major logistic and commercial operating site.

Royal Swedish Naval Academy

Royal Swedish Naval Academy

The Royal Swedish Naval Academy was a school for officer training for the Swedish Navy, which operated in various forms between the years 1756 and 1987.

World War II

World War II

World War II or the Second World War, often abbreviated as WWII or WW2, was a global conflict that lasted from 1939 to 1945. The vast majority of the world's countries, including all of the great powers, fought as part of two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis. Many participants threw their economic, industrial, and scientific capabilities behind this total war, blurring the distinction between civilian and military resources. Aircraft played a major role, enabling the strategic bombing of population centres and the only two nuclear weapons ever used in war.

Swedish Navy

Swedish Navy

The Swedish Navy is the naval branch of the Swedish Armed Forces. It is composed of surface and submarine naval units – the Fleet – as well as marine units, the Amphibious Corps.

Career

During the first years, Kierkegaard devoted himself to flight service at the naval reconnaissance Roslagen Air Corps (F 2) in Hägernäs [sv], Östgöta Wing (F 3) in Malmslätt and Södermanland Wing (F 11) in Nyköping. His specialty was aerial reconnaissance, and he also served for a time as a reconnaissance pilot on the aircraft cruiser HSwMS Gotland. During his service at Malmslätt, he made two visits to Milan, Italy to take part in the repatriation of the Italian twin-engine bomber and reconnaissance aircraft Caproni Ca.313, which in Sweden came to be called B 16 and S 16.[5]

He attended the Royal Swedish Naval Staff College's staff and communications course from 1945 to 1947,[3] and then was promoted to lieutenant in 1947 and got his first commandership on the minesweeper HSwMS Ulvön. During the next two years, he came to participate in the extensive mine clearance operations that the Swedish Navy carried out after the end of the war.[5] Kierkegaard served as a teacher at the Royal Swedish Naval Staff College from 1953 to 1957 and was promoted to lieutenant commander in 1956. During this time and was entrusted with service as captain of the destroyer HSwMS Visby as well as the newly built destroyers HSwMS Halland and HSwMS Småland.[5] He developed a considerable knowledge of the action of hydrophone waves in the brackish waters of the Baltic Sea, and thus contributed to the development of the anti-submarine warfare tactics.[5]

During the years 1957–1958, Kierkegaard was privileged to be the first Swede in the 20th century to undergo a command course at the Naval War College in the United States.[5] Back in Sweden, he was appointed head of the Naval Department in the Defence Staff in Stockholm and was promoted to commander the following year.[3] Kierkegaard was promoted to captain in 1963 and served as of commander of the 1st Destroyer Flotilla (Första jagarflottiljen) from 1963 to 1965 when he assumed the post of vice chief of the Southern Military District (Milo S) in Kristianstad. Kierkegaard was promoted to rear admiral in 1970 and was appointed Chief of the Coastal Fleet. He held the post for seven years before becoming commander of the East Coast Naval Base in 1977, a post which he held until 1983 when he retired from active service.[3] During his time as commander of the East Coast Naval Base, the Hårsfjärden incident in the fall of 1982 occured.

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Malmslätt

Malmslätt

Malmslätt is a locality situated in Linköping Municipality, Östergötland County, Sweden with 5,214 inhabitants in 2010.

Aerial reconnaissance

Aerial reconnaissance

Aerial reconnaissance is reconnaissance for a military or strategic purpose that is conducted using reconnaissance aircraft. The role of reconnaissance can fulfil a variety of requirements including artillery spotting, the collection of imagery intelligence, and the observation of enemy maneuvers.

HSwMS Gotland (1933)

HSwMS Gotland (1933)

HSwMS Gotland was a seaplane cruiser of the Swedish Navy built by Götaverken.

Milan

Milan

Milan is a city in northern Italy, capital of Lombardy, and the second-most populous city proper in Italy after Rome. The city proper has a population of about 1.4 million, while its metropolitan city has 3.26 million inhabitants. Its continuously built-up urban area is the fourth largest in the EU with 5.27 million inhabitants. According to national sources, the population within the wider Milan metropolitan area, is estimated between 8.2 million and 12.5 million making it by far the largest metropolitan area in Italy and one of the largest in the EU.

Caproni Ca.313

Caproni Ca.313

The Caproni Ca.313 was an Italian twin-engine reconnaissance bomber of the late-1930s. It was a development of the Ca.310. Its variants were exported to several other countries.

HSwMS Visby (J11)

HSwMS Visby (J11)

HSwMS Visby (J11) was the lead ship of the Visby-class destroyer.

HSwMS Halland (J18)

HSwMS Halland (J18)

HSwMS Halland (J18) was the lead ship of the Halland-class destroyer. She and HSwMS Småland were the only ones built of their class. Two more ships were ordered but they were never completed.

HSwMS Småland (J19)

HSwMS Småland (J19)

HSwMS Småland (J19) is a Swedish Halland-class destroyer. She and HSwMS Halland were the only ones built of their class. Two more ships were ordered but they were never completed.

Brackish water

Brackish water

Brackish water, sometimes termed brack water, is water occurring in a natural environment that has more salinity than freshwater, but not as much as seawater. It may result from mixing seawater and fresh water together, as in estuaries, or it may occur in brackish fossil aquifers. The word comes from the Middle Dutch root brak. Certain human activities can produce brackish water, in particular civil engineering projects such as dikes and the flooding of coastal marshland to produce brackish water pools for freshwater prawn farming. Brackish water is also the primary waste product of the salinity gradient power process. Because brackish water is hostile to the growth of most terrestrial plant species, without appropriate management it is damaging to the environment.

Baltic Sea

Baltic Sea

The Baltic Sea is an arm of the Atlantic Ocean that is enclosed by Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Germany, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Russia, Sweden and the North and Central European Plain.

Anti-submarine warfare

Anti-submarine warfare

Anti-submarine warfare is a branch of underwater warfare that uses surface warships, aircraft, submarines, or other platforms, to find, track, and deter, damage, or destroy enemy submarines. Such operations are typically carried out to protect friendly shipping and coastal facilities from submarine attacks and to overcome blockades.

Defence Staff (Sweden)

Defence Staff (Sweden)

The Defence Staff is the Supreme Commander of the Swedish Armed Forces' staff body and command resource for military strategic command, mission dialogue and reporting to the Swedish government, as well as being responsible for the war organization's capability, availability and combat readiness. The latter with the support of the service branch commanders and the service branch staffs.

Personal life

In 1941, Kierkegaard married Britt-Marie Arnegren (born 1919), the daughter of director (byråchef) Olof Arnegren and Hilda (née Hallman).[3] They had four children: Hans (born 1942), Michael (born 1944), Anders (born 1947), and Amelie (born 1955).[6]

Kierkegaard was the Inspector Magnificus EM II of the SjöHolm naval academic association.[7]

Death

Kierkegaard died on 24 December 1999 in Råsunda Parish [sv] in Solna Municipality, Sweden.[1]

Awards and decorations

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Sweden

Sweden

Sweden, formally the Kingdom of Sweden, is a Nordic country located on the Scandinavian Peninsula in Northern Europe. It borders Norway to the west and north, Finland to the east, and is connected to Denmark in the southwest by a bridge–tunnel across the Öresund. At 447,425 square kilometres (172,752 sq mi), Sweden is the largest Nordic country, the third-largest country in the European Union, and the fifth-largest country in Europe. The capital and largest city is Stockholm. Sweden has a total population of 10.5 million, and a low population density of 25.5 inhabitants per square kilometre (66/sq mi), with around 87% of Swedes residing in urban areas, which cover 1.5% of the entire land area, in the central and southern half of the country.

Order of the Sword

Order of the Sword

The Royal Order of the Sword is a Swedish order of chivalry and military decoration created by King Frederick I of Sweden on February 23, 1748, together with the Order of the Seraphim and the Order of the Polar Star. The motto of the order is in Latin: Pro Patria.

Finland

Finland

Finland, officially the Republic of Finland, is a Nordic country in Northern Europe. It shares land borders with Sweden to the northwest, Norway to the north, and Russia to the east, with the Gulf of Bothnia to the west and the Gulf of Finland to the south, across from Estonia. Finland covers an area of 338,455 square kilometres (130,678 sq mi) with a population of 5.6 million. Helsinki is the capital and largest city. The vast majority of the population are ethnic Finns. Finnish and Swedish are the official languages, Swedish is the native language of 5.2% of the population. Finland's climate varies from humid continental in the south to the boreal in the north. The land cover is primarily a boreal forest biome, with more than 180,000 recorded lakes.

Order of the Lion of Finland

Order of the Lion of Finland

The Order of the Lion of Finland is one of three official orders in Finland, along with the Order of the Cross of Liberty and the Order of the White Rose of Finland. The President of Finland is the Grand Master of all three orders. The orders are administered by boards consisting of a chancellor, a vice-chancellor and at least four members. The orders of the White Rose of Finland and the Lion of Finland have a joint board. The President of Finland wears the Star of the Order of the Lion of Finland.

Source: "Christer Kierkegaard", Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, (2023, January 25th), https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Christer_Kierkegaard.

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References
  1. ^ a b Sveriges dödbok 1901-2009 [Swedish death index 1901-2009] (in Swedish) (Version 5.0 ed.). Solna: Sveriges släktforskarförbund. 2010. ISBN 978-91-87676-59-8. SELIBR 11931231.
  2. ^ "Kierkegaard, släkter". Svenskt biografiskt lexikon (in Swedish). Vol. 21. National Archives of Sweden. 1975–1977. p. 118. Retrieved 25 January 2023.
  3. ^ a b c d e Salander Mortensen, Jill, ed. (1996). Vem är det: svensk biografisk handbok. 1997 [Who is it: Swedish biographical handbook. 1997] (in Swedish). Stockholm: Norstedt. p. 600. ISBN 91-1-960852-7. SELIBR 3681533.
  4. ^ Larsen, Lars Bo (24 February 2020). "Christer Kierkegaard". Horsens Leksikon: Opslagsværk om Horsens og omegn (in Danish). Retrieved 25 January 2023.
  5. ^ a b c d e f Norberg, Erik (2000). "Minnesteckningar över bortgångna ledamöter" (PDF). Kungl. Krigsvetenskapsakademiens Handlingar och Tidskrift (in Swedish). Stockholm: Kungl. Krigsvetenskapsakademien: 7-8. SELIBR 3417415.
  6. ^ a b Davidsson, Åke, ed. (1966). Vem är vem? [Who's Who?] (in Swedish). Vol. 4, Skåne, Halland, Blekinge (2nd ed.). Stockholm: Vem är vem bokförlag. p. 428. SELIBR 53512.
  7. ^ "SjöHOLMs borgare med flera" (PDF). www.sjöholm.org (in Swedish). Retrieved 25 January 2023.
  8. ^ Kungl. Hovstaterna: Kungl. Maj:ts Ordens arkiv, Matriklar (D 1), vol. 13 (1960–1969), p. 37, digital avbildning.
  9. ^ Sköldenberg, Bengt, ed. (1969). Sveriges statskalender 1969 (PDF) (in Swedish). Uppsala: Fritzes offentliga publikationer. p. 100. SELIBR 3682754.
  10. ^ Sveriges statskalender för året 1957 (PDF) (in Swedish). Uppsala: Fritzes offentliga publikationer. 1957. p. 30.
  11. ^ Sköldenberg, Bengt, ed. (1969). Sveriges statskalender 1969 (PDF) (in Swedish). Uppsala: Fritzes offentliga publikationer. p. 948. SELIBR 3682754.
  12. ^ Sköldenberg, Bengt, ed. (1969). Sveriges statskalender 1969 (PDF) (in Swedish). Uppsala: Fritzes offentliga publikationer. p. 922. SELIBR 3682754.
Military offices
Preceded by Chief of the Coastal Fleet
1970–1977
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Lars H:son Lundberg
East Coast Naval Base
1977–1983
Succeeded by
Bengt O'Konor

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