Get Our Extension

Celtic Interconnector

From Wikipedia, in a visual modern way
Celtic Interconnector
Knockraha, Ireland and La Martyre, France
Location
CountryIreland, France
Coordinates52°0′0″N 8°0′0″W / 52.00000°N 8.00000°W / 52.00000; -8.00000 (Celtic Interconnector - Ireland)
48°0′0″N 4°0′0″W / 48.00000°N 4.00000°W / 48.00000; -4.00000 (Celtic Interconnector - France)
General directionnorth-south
FromKnockraha, Ireland
Passes throughCeltic Sea
ToLa Martyre, France
Ownership information
PartnersEirGrid, RTE
Construction information
Expected2026
Technical information
Typesubmarine cable
Type of currentHVDC
Total length575 km (357 mi)
Power rating700 MW
DC voltage± 320 kV

Celtic Interconnector is a planned 700 MW high-voltage direct current (HVDC) submarine power cable between the southern coast of Ireland and the north-west coast of France.[1]

When built, it will be the first interconnector between the two countries.

The Director General of EirGrid stated in 2022 that the interconnector was arguably "the most important Irish infrastructure project for this decade".[2]

Discover more about Celtic Interconnector related topics

Route

The cable will run between the Knockraha substation in County Cork to the La Martyre substation in Finistère.[3]

Of its total length of 575 km (357 miles), 500 km (311 miles) will pass through Irish, British and French waters[1] of the Celtic Sea.

Discover more about Route related topics

Knockraha

Knockraha

Knockraha is a village in east County Cork, Ireland. In the village there is a pub, church, primary school and community hall. Knockraha is part of the Dáil constituency of Cork East.

La Martyre

La Martyre

La Martyre is a commune in the Finistère department of Brittany in northwestern France.

County Cork

County Cork

County Cork is the largest and the southernmost county of Ireland, named after the city of Cork, the state's second-largest city. It is in the province of Munster and the Southern Region. Its largest market towns are Mallow, Macroom, Midleton, and Skibbereen. As of 2022 the county had a population of 581,231, making it the third-most populous county in Ireland. Cork County Council is the local authority for the county, while Cork City Council governs the city of Cork and its environs. Notable Corkonians include Michael Collins, Jack Lynch, Roy Keane, Sonia O'Sullivan and Cillian Murphy.

Finistère

Finistère

Finistère is a department of France in the extreme west of Brittany. In 2019, it had a population of 915,090.

Celtic Sea

Celtic Sea

The Celtic Sea is the area of the Atlantic Ocean off the southern coast of Ireland bounded to the east by Saint George's Channel; other limits include the Bristol Channel, the English Channel, and the Bay of Biscay, as well as adjacent portions of Wales, Cornwall, and Brittany. The southern and western boundaries are delimited by the continental shelf, which drops away sharply. The Isles of Scilly are an archipelago of small islands in the sea.

Current status

On 14 Sept 2022, the UK Marine Management Organisation granted a licence for the project to proceed.[4] This was the last major license required before Step 6 construction can start in late 2022.[5]

Project step six, construction and energisation, is scheduled to take place from 2022 to 2026.[5]

As of November 2022, the interconnecor was "due to be completed and operational by 2026".[2]

Technical specification

The electrical interconnector, which will be the first between the two countries, has an expected cost of €1 billion and a planned capacity of 700 MW.[1]

The project also includes plans for a direct fibre optic communications link between Ireland and France.[6][7]

Project promoters

The project is a cooperation between the Irish transmission system operator (TSO) EirGrid and French TSO Réseau de Transport d'Électricité (RTE) for the purpose of improving security of supply, reducing consumer electricity costs and supporting the development of renewable energy.[1][8]

Discover more about Project promoters related topics

Transmission system operator

Transmission system operator

A transmission system operator (TSO) is an entity entrusted with transporting energy in the form of natural gas or electrical power on a national or regional level, using fixed infrastructure. The term is defined by the European Commission. The certification procedure for transmission system operators is listed in Article 10 of the Electricity and Gas Directives of 2009.

EirGrid

EirGrid

EirGrid plc is the state-owned electric power transmission operator in Ireland. It is a public limited company registered under the Companies Acts; its shares are held by the Minister for the Environment, Climate and Communications. It is one of a number of Irish state-sponsored bodies and is regulated by the Commission for Regulation of Utilities.

Réseau de Transport d'Électricité

Réseau de Transport d'Électricité

Réseau de Transport d'Électricité, usually known as RTE, is the electricity transmission system operator of France. It is responsible for the operation, maintenance and development of the French high-voltage transmission system, which at approximately 100,000 kilometres (62,000 mi), is Europe's largest.

Renewable energy

Renewable energy

Renewable energy is energy that is collected from renewable resources that are naturally replenished on a human timescale. It includes sources such as sunlight, wind, the movement of water, and geothermal heat. Although most renewable energy sources are sustainable, some are not. For example, some biomass sources are considered unsustainable at current rates of exploitation. Renewable energy often provides energy for electricity generation to a grid, air and water heating/cooling, and stand-alone power systems. Renewable energy technology projects are typically large-scale, but they are also suited to rural and remote areas and developing countries, where energy is often crucial in human development. Renewable energy is often deployed together with further electrification, which has several benefits: electricity can move heat or objects efficiently, and is clean at the point of consumption. In addition, electrification with renewable energy is more efficient and therefore leads to significant reductions in primary energy requirements.

Project economics

The interconnector is expected to cost €1.6B.

According to the Taoiseach, Micheál Martin, "The Celtic Interconnector will bring tangible benefits to the citizens of both France and Ireland by promoting the use of renewable energy, bringing down electricity prices, and helping ensure security of energy supply."[2]

Project history

In July 2016, after completion of a feasibility study the two countries agreed to proceed with a two-year planning phase.[8] This included an economic assessment, environmental considerations and will determine the placement of the cable and onshore stations, while a decision initially due on the project is foreseen for 2020 or 2021.[9] n May 2018, the project was granted a foreshore license to begin marine surveys for the potential landing sites at Ballinwilling, Claycastle and Redbarn beaches, County Cork.[10]

In 2018, the project was given preliminary approval for European Investment Bank funding as part of preparations by Ireland for Brexit,[11] for €530 million.[12]

By 2019, the project had been designated a European Project of Common Interest as part of the European Super Grid.[13]

Three potential landing sites on the Cork coast were identified and six locations (Ballyadam, Leamlara, Knockraha, Pigeon Hill, Kilquane and Ballyvatta) were under consideration for the HVDC converter station.[14]

By 2019, due to the potential impact of Brexit on electricity trading over the existing Ireland – UK HVDC interconnectors, planning for the Celtic Interconnector had accelerated.[15]

In December 2020, EirGrid and RTE signed a €520 million European Commission funding agreement for the Celtic Interconnector.[16]

As of 2021, the cable was expected to be operational by 2026.[1][17]

In August 2021, the project was at step five in the planning process and was expected to continue until 2022.[5]

In May 2022, An Bord Pleanala granted permission for the onshore portion of the €1bn project[18] while in August 2022, the Department for Housing Local Government and Heritage granted the project a foreshore licence, an important permit for the undersea work involved.[19]

In November 2022, final construction and finance agreements were signed off by the Irish and French governments at the Irish embassy in Paris.[2]

Discover more about Project history related topics

Feasibility study

Feasibility study

A feasibility study is an assessment of the practicality of a project or system. A feasibility study aims to objectively and rationally uncover the strengths and weaknesses of an existing business or proposed venture, opportunities and threats present in the natural environment, the resources required to carry through, and ultimately the prospects for success. In its simplest terms, the two criteria to judge feasibility are cost required and value to be attained.

European Investment Bank

European Investment Bank

The European Investment Bank (EIB) is the European Union's investment bank and is owned by the EU Member States. It is one of the largest supranational lenders in the world. The EIB finances and invests both through equity and debt solutions projects that achieve the policy aims of the European Union through loans, guarantees and technical assistance.

Brexit

Brexit

Brexit was the withdrawal of the United Kingdom (UK) from the European Union (EU) at 23:00 GMT on 31 January 2020. The UK is the only sovereign country to have left the EU or the EC. The UK had been a member state of the EU or its predecessor the European Communities (EC), sometimes of both at the same time, since 1 January 1973. Following Brexit, EU law and the Court of Justice of the European Union no longer have primacy over British laws, except in select areas in relation to Northern Ireland. The European Union (Withdrawal) Act 2018 retains relevant EU law as domestic law, which the UK can now amend or repeal. Under the terms of the Brexit withdrawal agreement, Northern Ireland continues to participate in the European Single Market in relation to goods, and to be a de facto member of the EU Customs Union.

European Commission

European Commission

The European Commission (EC) is the executive of the European Union (EU). It operates as a cabinet government, with 27 members of the Commission headed by a President. It includes an administrative body of about 32,000 European civil servants. The Commission is divided into departments known as Directorates-General (DGs) that can be likened to departments or ministries each headed by a Director-General who is responsible to a Commissioner.

Source: "Celtic Interconnector", Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, (2022, November 26th), https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Celtic_Interconnector.

Enjoying Wikiz?

Enjoying Wikiz?

Get our FREE extension now!

See also
References
  1. ^ a b c d e "President Hollande and An Taoiseach Kenny agree €1 billion Ireland-France Electricity Interconnector". 4coffshore.com. 2016-07-21. Retrieved 2016-08-08.
  2. ^ a b c d Meskill, Tommy (25 November 2022). "Celtic Interconnector will lead to lower prices - Ryan". Retrieved 25 November 2022.
  3. ^ "Celtic Interconnector: interconnection project between France and Ireland". RTE. RTE. p. Overview:What does the Celtic Interconnector Project entail?. Retrieved 11 April 2020.
  4. ^ "Case ref: MLA/2021/00323". MMO: View Applications and Documents. Marine Management Organisation. To access, view the Public Register searching for Case Ref: MLA/2021/00323. Retrieved 14 September 2022.
  5. ^ a b c "Celtic Interconnector". EirGrid. Retrieved 12 August 2021.
  6. ^ "Celtic Interconnector". eirgridgroup.com. Retrieved 2017-08-12.
  7. ^ "EUR 4 million EU funding for proposed electricity link between France and Ireland - Energy - European Commission". ec.europa.eu. 2017-06-28. Retrieved 2017-08-12.
  8. ^ a b Hunt, Gordon (2016-07-21). "Subsea electricity cable linking Ireland and France powers ahead". siliconrepublic.com. Retrieved 2016-08-08.
  9. ^ Bairstow, Jonny (2016-07-25). "Ireland-France power link reaches planning stage". energylivenews.com. Retrieved 2016-08-08.
  10. ^ "Department of Housing, Local Government and Heritage".
  11. ^ "European bank to help fund electricity cable linking Ireland and France in light of Brexit".
  12. ^ "EU Backs Celtic Interconnector and Harmony Link". Subsea World News. 4 December 2019.
  13. ^ "EirGrid Group".
  14. ^ "Shortlist of sites chosen for submarine electricity cable between France and Ireland". 11 April 2019.
  15. ^ "Part of €930m Celtic Interconnector may run along former Midleton-Youghal railway". 8 May 2019.
  16. ^ "EirGrid and RTE Sign €530 million Funding Agreement for the Celtic Interconnector". Celtic Interconnector. 9 Dec 2020. Retrieved 12 August 2021.
  17. ^ Darmody, Jenny (2021-07-16). "EirGrid hits 'critical milestone' in €1bn Celtic Interconnector project". Silicon Republic. Retrieved 2021-09-08.
  18. ^ Goodbody, Will (23 May 2022). "Celtic Interconnector is granted planning permission". Retrieved 13 September 2022.
  19. ^ "Government licenses Irish-French power line". The Irish Times. Retrieved 13 September 2022.

The content of this page is based on the Wikipedia article written by contributors..
The text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike Licence & the media files are available under their respective licenses; additional terms may apply.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use & Privacy Policy.
Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a non-profit organization & is not affiliated to WikiZ.com.