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Caravan (band)

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Caravan
Caravan in 1974; from left to right: Pye Hastings, Geoffrey Richardson, Mike Wedgwood, Richard Coughlan and Dave Sinclair.
Caravan in 1974; from left to right: Pye Hastings, Geoffrey Richardson, Mike Wedgwood, Richard Coughlan and Dave Sinclair.
Background information
OriginCanterbury, Kent, England
GenresProgressive rock, Canterbury scene, psychedelic rock, jazz-rock, progressive pop
Years active1968–1978,
1980–1985,
1990–1992,
1995–present
Spinoff ofThe Wilde Flowers
MembersPye Hastings
Geoffrey Richardson
Jan Schelhaas
Mark Walker
Lee Pomeroy
Past membersRichard Coughlan
Richard Sinclair
Dave Sinclair
Steve Miller
Derek Austin
Stuart Evans
John G. Perry
Mike Wedgwood
Dek Messecar
Doug Boyle
Simon Bentall
Jimmy Hastings
Jim Leverton
Websiteofficialcaravan.co.uk

Caravan are an English rock band from the Canterbury area, founded by former Wilde Flowers members David Sinclair, Richard Sinclair, Pye Hastings, and Richard Coughlan in 1968.[1] The band have never achieved the great commercial success that was widely predicted for them at the beginning of their career, but are nevertheless considered a key part of the Canterbury scene of progressive rock acts, blending psychedelic rock, jazz, and classical influences to create a distinctive sound.

The band were originally based in Whitstable, Kent, near Canterbury, but moved to London when briefly signed to Verve Records. After being dropped by Verve, the band signed to Decca Records, where they released their most critically acclaimed album, In the Land of Grey and Pink, in 1971. Dave Sinclair left after the album's release and the group split up the following year. Hastings and Coughlan added new members, notably viola player Geoffrey Richardson, continuing on before splitting in 1978.

The band reformed several times in the following decades, and Caravan still remain active as a live band in the 21st century, despite Coughlan's death in December, 2013.

Discover more about Caravan (band) related topics

Canterbury

Canterbury

Canterbury is a cathedral city and UNESCO World Heritage Site, situated in the heart of the City of Canterbury, a local government district of Kent, England. It lies on the River Stour.

Dave Sinclair

Dave Sinclair

David Sinclair is a British keyboardist associated with the psychedelia/progressive rock Canterbury Scene since the late 1960s. He became famous with the band Caravan and was responsible as a songwriter for creating some of their best-known tracks: "For Richard", "Nine Feet Underground", "The Dabsong Conshirtoe", "Proper Job/Back to Front".

Pye Hastings

Pye Hastings

Julian Frederick Gordon 'Pye' Hastings is a British musician. Born in Scotland and raised in Canterbury, Kent, he is the guitarist and vocalist of the Canterbury scene band Caravan and brother of Jimmy Hastings.

Canterbury scene

Canterbury scene

The Canterbury scene was a musical scene centred on the city of Canterbury, Kent, England during the late 1960s and early 1970s. Associated with progressive rock, the term describes a loosely-defined, improvisational style that blended elements of jazz, rock, and psychedelia.

Progressive rock

Progressive rock

Progressive rock is a broad genre of rock music that developed in the United Kingdom and United States through the mid- to late 1960s, peaking in the early 1970s. Initially termed "progressive pop", the style was an outgrowth of psychedelic bands who abandoned standard pop traditions in favour of instrumentation and compositional techniques more frequently associated with jazz, folk, or classical music. Additional elements contributed to its "progressive" label: lyrics were more poetic, technology was harnessed for new sounds, music approached the condition of "art", and the studio, rather than the stage, became the focus of musical activity, which often involved creating music for listening rather than dancing.

Psychedelic rock

Psychedelic rock

Psychedelic rock is a rock music genre that is inspired, influenced, or representative of psychedelic culture, which is centered on perception-altering hallucinogenic drugs. The music incorporated new electronic sound effects and recording techniques, extended instrumental solos, and improvisation. Many psychedelic groups differ in style, and the label is often applied spuriously.

Jazz

Jazz

Jazz is a music genre that originated in the African-American communities of New Orleans, Louisiana in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, with its roots in blues and ragtime. Since the 1920s Jazz Age, it has been recognized as a major form of musical expression in traditional and popular music. Jazz is characterized by swing and blue notes, complex chords, call and response vocals, polyrhythms and improvisation. Jazz has roots in European harmony and African rhythmic rituals.

Classical music

Classical music

Classical music generally refers to the art music of the Western world, considered to be distinct from Western folk music or popular music traditions. It is sometimes distinguished as Western classical music, as the term "classical music" also applies to non-Western art music. Classical music is often characterized by formality and complexity in its musical form and harmonic organization, particularly with the use of polyphony. Since at least the ninth century it has been primarily a written tradition, spawning a sophisticated notational system, as well as accompanying literature in analytical, critical, historiographical, musicological and philosophical practices. A foundational component of Western Culture, classical music is frequently seen from the perspective of individual or groups of composers, whose compositions, personalities and beliefs have fundamentally shaped its history.

Kent

Kent

Kent is a county in South East England and one of the home counties. It borders Greater London to the north-west, Surrey to the west and East Sussex to the south-west, and Essex to the north across the estuary of the River Thames; it faces the French department of Pas-de-Calais across the Strait of Dover. The county town is Maidstone. It is the fifth most populous county in England, the most populous non-Metropolitan county and the most populous of the home counties.

Decca Records

Decca Records

Decca Records is a British record label established in 1929 by Edward Lewis. Its U.S. label was established in late 1934 by Lewis, Jack Kapp, American Decca's first president, and Milton Rackmil, who later became American Decca's president. In 1937, anticipating Nazi aggression leading to World War II, Lewis sold American Decca and the link between the U.K. and U.S. Decca labels was broken for several decades. The British label was renowned for its development of recording methods, while the American company developed the concept of cast albums in the musical genre.

In the Land of Grey and Pink

In the Land of Grey and Pink

In the Land of Grey and Pink is the third album by English progressive rock band Caravan, released in April 1971 on Deram Records. It was produced by David Hitchcock and was the last album to feature the original lineup of Richard Coughlan, Pye Hastings, Richard Sinclair and Dave Sinclair until 1982's Back to Front.

Geoffrey Richardson (musician)

Geoffrey Richardson (musician)

Peter Geoffrey Richardson, is a British viola player and multi-instrumentalist best known for his work with Caravan, Murray Head and the Penguin Cafe Orchestra.

History

Early career

The group's original members, David Sinclair, Richard Sinclair, Pye Hastings and Richard Coughlan had all been in the Canterbury-based Wilde Flowers, albeit not at the same time. Richard Sinclair had been an early member, but left in September 1965 to study at college.[2] Hastings had replaced Robert Wyatt as the group's singer and Coughlan as drummer in the band when Wyatt, who performed both roles, formed Soft Machine.[3] David Sinclair joined the group in late 1966, but after future Soft Machine member Hugh Hopper left the group in June the following year, they began to run out of momentum and broke up in October 1967.[4]

Coughlan, Hastings and the two Sinclairs subsequently formed Caravan in 1968. "We all had the same goal" recalled Richard Sinclair, "to make our music, write it ourselves, and make a living from it."[5] The band rented a house in Whitstable, Kent for six months, where they began to write and rehearse new material.[6] They also borrowed Soft Machine's PA for rehearsals while that band was on tour with Jimi Hendrix in the US, as Caravan did not have enough funds for their own equipment.[7] They were forced to leave in June and ended up living in tents and rehearsing in a local church hall.[6] By October, they had attracted the interest of music publisher Ian Ralfini,[8]: 4  who signed them to the American record label, Verve Records, and became the first British act they signed.[6] Verve subsequently released the band's debut LP, Caravan (1968), later the same year, but a few months later moved out of the UK record business and dropped the band.[8]: 3 

After a series of gigs in London, including the Speakeasy Club, the band were introduced to Terry King, who became the group's first manager. David Hitchcock, who had been working in the art department of Decca Records, asked the company's president, Hugh Mendl to sign the band.[8]: 4  They began recording their second album, If I Could Do It All Over Again, I'd Do It All Over You (1970) in September 1969, while continuing to gig on the university circuit, and appearing at festivals alongside Pink Floyd, Yes, The Nice and Soft Machine.[8]: 5  Recording If I could ... continued in February 1970, with the 14-minute track "For Richard", showing the band's contrast in styles and jazz-rock influence.[8]: 7  The album was released in August, alongside an appearance at the Plumpton Festival with Van der Graaf Generator, Yes and Colosseum.[9]: 4  The accompanying single "Hello Hello" helped them land an appearance on the TV show Top of the Pops, performing the album's title track.[8]: 9 

Caravan had started to build a live following by mid-1970, including an appearance at the Kralingen Pop Festival in the Netherlands to an audience of 250,000 and the 10th Plumpton Festival. In autumn 1970, Caravan began working on one of their most critically acclaimed albums, In the Land of Grey and Pink (1971). The balance of songwriting changed from the previous two albums, with Richard Sinclair taking a more prominent role. His song, "Golf Girl" was originally written about his then girlfriend (and future wife), but the lyrics were rewritten in the final version.[9]: 8  The group decided to follow up "For Richard" with a suite of short sections of songs written by David Sinclair, that the rest of the band worked on and linked together to form a side-long track, "Nine Feet Underground". Although, the track was recorded in five separate stages and spliced together, the band performed the suite live as it was finally presented on the album, and it remained a popular track in their live set.[9]: 9  The album was released in April 1971, and though it did not chart, it has remained in print ever since, and has been remastered for CD several times,[9]: 10  notably a digital remaster in 2011 by Porcupine Tree's Steven Wilson.[10] "Nine Feet Underground" in particular was a regular fixture on late-night FM radio during the early 1970s.[11]

Despite the critical success of In the Land of Grey and Pink, the group were disappointed by its lack of commercial success, believing that Decca were not promoting the band properly or investing enough money. In August 1971, David Sinclair accepted a job with former Soft Machine drummer Robert Wyatt's new band, Matching Mole. Reflecting on the decision to leave, Sinclair later said "I felt the whole thing was going a bit stagnant ... I wanted to play with other people, but had to accept that with Caravan it was either all or nothing."[9]: 11  Hastings remembers that "Dave's departure was a serious blow."[12]: 5 

Line-up changes

The remaining members continued on together and Richard Sinclair invited keyboardist Steve Miller to join the band.[12]: 5  However, it was immediately apparent that the style of the band would be different. Sinclair and Miller wanted to perform more jazz-rock, while Hastings was frustrated that the previous style was being neglected, and that it was "virtually impossible" to get Miller to perform in David Sinclair's style.[12]: 8  The band started recording a new album, Waterloo Lily (1972) in late 1971, which was the first use of orchestral instrumentation, arranged by Hastings and his brother, Jimmy, who had guested on previous albums.[12]: 9  The album was released in May 1972, but by this time, musical differences had come to a head, and after a gig with Genesis in July, the band split. Richard Sinclair later said, "It didn't quite work with Steve in the band because the music started to go a bit too loose for the way that Pye and Richard Coughlan played."[12]: 10 

Hastings and Coughlan decided to continue as Caravan, and the duo recruited viola player Geoffrey Richardson, bassist Stu Evans and keyboardist Derek Austin and toured extensively. This line-up did not release any recordings before Evans was replaced by John G. Perry and Dave Sinclair rejoined the group in 1973.[1]

The resulting album For Girls Who Grow Plump in the Night (1973) was a major critical achievement[1] and showed that the group could survive the loss of co-vocalist Richard Sinclair. Jimmy Hastings reprised his role as orchestrator along with Martyn Ford and John Bell,[13] while the Soft Machine's Mike Ratledge contributed an instrumental piece, "Backwards" as part of a medley.[14] The group followed this with a live album, Caravan and the New Symphonia (1974), including orchestral arrangements by Ford[15] and conducting by Simon Jeffes.[13]

Perry left after the New Symphonia and was replaced by Mike Wedgwood for the album Cunning Stunts (1975), which reached the top 50 in the UK[16] and was a minor hit in the US, reaching number 124.[1] It was the last album released on Decca, which preceded a number of other problems in the band. David Sinclair left after the album was recorded and was replaced by Jan Schelhaas, with the band's sound becoming more mainstream.[13] The group signed to Miles Copeland's BTM Records[1] and recorded Blind Dog at St. Dunstans (1976) which was another minor album hit,[17] but by this point the group were out of step with the prevailing musical trends, and after a final album, Better by Far (1977) on Arista Records,[1] the group split.[13]

Later years

Pye Hastings performing with Caravan at the High Voltage Festival in 2011
Pye Hastings performing with Caravan at the High Voltage Festival in 2011

Caravan were largely dormant in the 1980s until a 1990 reunion, planned as a one-off for television, reinvigorated their career.[13] The group continued to tour in the early 1990s, before Richard Sinclair left. He was replaced by Jim Leverton, while Geoffrey Richardson rejoined the band. This version of the group released The Battle of Hastings in 1995.[13]

Jan Schelhaas performing with Caravan in 2012
Jan Schelhaas performing with Caravan in 2012

The group continued to play into the 21st century. They have also achieved steady sales and a fan following with the support of Stuart Maconie' "Freak Zone" show on BBC 6 Music.[18] After performing at NEARFest in 2002,[14] they released The Unauthorized Breakfast Item album in 2003, where David Sinclair was replaced by a returning Jan Schelhaas. An archive collection of BBC sessions from 1968 to 1975, The Show of Our Lives was released in 2007.[18]

In 2010, Pye Hastings announced that the band had resumed activity in anticipation of a one-off concert recording at Metropolis Studios for ITV, which took place in December 2010. New material was written for a debut performance and the band was joined by Mark Walker on drums and percussion, as Richard Coughlan, whilst still a member of the band, was too ill to tour with the group.[19] The DVD of this gig was released in May 2011 and the recording was shown on ITV as part of the Legends series.[20]

In January 2013, the band completed a successful UK tour to celebrate the 40th Anniversary of the album For Girls Who Grow Plump in the Night (1973).[21] This was followed later in the year by the announcement of a new album, Paradise Filter (2013). The album was funded by a PledgeMusic campaign, scheduled for release on 24 February 2014. Hastings declared "now you can be part of the whole process by pledging to support this project".[22]

On 1 December 2013, founding member Coughlan died, having been in poor health for some years.[19][23] His funeral took place in Canterbury on 20 December. A statement from the band stated "his unique style of playing and wonderful character will be sorely missed."[24]

Caravan headlined the Rites of Spring festival (RoSfest) festival in Pennsylvania, USA from 2–4 May 2014.

In 2021, Jim Leverton left the band to return his R&B roots. His replacement is Lee Pomeroy.

Discover more about History related topics

Richard Sinclair

Richard Sinclair

Richard Stephen Sinclair is an English progressive rock bassist, guitarist, and vocalist who has been a member of several bands of the Canterbury scene.

Pye Hastings

Pye Hastings

Julian Frederick Gordon 'Pye' Hastings is a British musician. Born in Scotland and raised in Canterbury, Kent, he is the guitarist and vocalist of the Canterbury scene band Caravan and brother of Jimmy Hastings.

Richard Coughlan

Richard Coughlan

Richard Coughlan was an English musician, best known as the drummer and percussionist of the Canterbury scene progressive rock band Caravan. He was one of the founding members of Caravan in 1968 and remained with the band until his death. AllMusic called Coughlan "one of art rock's longest tenured musicians".

Hugh Hopper

Hugh Hopper

Hugh Colin Hopper was a British progressive rock and jazz fusion bass guitarist. He was a prominent member of the Canterbury scene, as a member of Soft Machine and other bands.

Kent

Kent

Kent is a county in South East England and one of the home counties. It borders Greater London to the north-west, Surrey to the west and East Sussex to the south-west, and Essex to the north across the estuary of the River Thames; it faces the French department of Pas-de-Calais across the Strait of Dover. The county town is Maidstone. It is the fifth most populous county in England, the most populous non-Metropolitan county and the most populous of the home counties.

Jimi Hendrix

Jimi Hendrix

James Marshall "Jimi" Hendrix was an American guitarist, singer, and songwriter. Although his mainstream career spanned only four years, he is widely regarded as one of the most influential electric guitarists in the history of popular music, and one of the most celebrated musicians of the 20th century. The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame describes him as "arguably the greatest instrumentalist in the history of rock music."

Caravan (Caravan album)

Caravan (Caravan album)

Caravan is the debut album by the British Canterbury scene, progressive rock band Caravan. It was released by Verve Forecast in October 1968 and was the group's only album for the label.

Dave Hitchcock

Dave Hitchcock

Dave Hitchcock is a former record producer working with Genesis, Caravan, Camel, Curved Air and Renaissance.

Decca Records

Decca Records

Decca Records is a British record label established in 1929 by Edward Lewis. Its U.S. label was established in late 1934 by Lewis, Jack Kapp, American Decca's first president, and Milton Rackmil, who later became American Decca's president. In 1937, anticipating Nazi aggression leading to World War II, Lewis sold American Decca and the link between the U.K. and U.S. Decca labels was broken for several decades. The British label was renowned for its development of recording methods, while the American company developed the concept of cast albums in the musical genre.

Hugh Mendl

Hugh Mendl

Hugh Rees Christopher Mendl was a British record producer, A&R representative, and manager who worked for Decca Records for over 40 years.

If I Could Do It All Over Again, I'd Do It All Over You

If I Could Do It All Over Again, I'd Do It All Over You

If I Could Do It All Over Again, I'd Do It All Over You is the second album by Canterbury scene band Caravan, released in September 1970. It was the predecessor to their best-known album In the Land of Grey and Pink (1971). The album is representative of the Canterbury scene genre, featuring representative organ solos and melodic vocals typical of the band's style. The album was released on Decca Records, as was the title track as a single release.

Pink Floyd

Pink Floyd

Pink Floyd are an English rock band formed in London in 1965. Gaining an early following as one of the first British psychedelic groups, they were distinguished by their extended compositions, sonic experimentation, philosophical lyrics and elaborate live shows. They became a leading band of the progressive rock genre, cited by some as the greatest progressive rock band of all time.

Musical style

Caravan are considered a key example of the Canterbury scene genre.[25] Their records generally indicate a jazz influence, and the group's lyrics have been described as whimsical and very "English", particularly during Richard Sinclair's tenure in the band.[26] Following Sinclair's departure, the musical direction has been predominantly led by Pye Hastings, who preferred a softer pop rock approach.[14] Though the group share a common history with Soft Machine, they have been considered more melodic and closer to folk music[27] and frequently displaying a sense of humour. The group were predominantly album-oriented, but Hastings believes the group recorded enough straightforward pop that could have been hit singles if the record company had taken sufficient interest.[28]

Instrumentally, David Sinclair's fuzztone Hammond organ sound is a key ingredient of the early Caravan albums,[25] and his playing is the dominant instrument on them.[26] His musical palette subsequently expanded to include synthesizers.[14] Jimmy Hastings' woodwind playing and orchestral arrangements have also been a regular feature in the band's music since its inception.[12]: 9 

Discover more about Musical style related topics

Canterbury scene

Canterbury scene

The Canterbury scene was a musical scene centred on the city of Canterbury, Kent, England during the late 1960s and early 1970s. Associated with progressive rock, the term describes a loosely-defined, improvisational style that blended elements of jazz, rock, and psychedelia.

Pop rock

Pop rock

Pop rock is a fusion genre with an emphasis on professional songwriting and recording craft, and less emphasis on attitude than rock music. Originating in the late 1950s as an alternative to normal rock and roll, early pop rock was influenced by the beat, arrangements, and original style of rock and roll. It may be viewed as a distinct genre field rather than music that overlaps with pop and rock. The detractors of pop rock often deride it as a slick, commercial product and less authentic than rock music.

Soft Machine

Soft Machine

Soft Machine are a British rock band from Canterbury formed in mid-1966 by Robert Wyatt, Kevin Ayers, Daevid Allen, Mike Ratledge and Larry Nowlin. As a central band of the Canterbury scene, the group became one of the first British psychedelic acts and later moved into progressive rock and jazz fusion. Their varying line-ups have included former members such as Hugh Hopper, Elton Dean, and Andy Summers, and currently consists of John Marshall (drums), Fred Thelonious Baker (bass), John Etheridge (guitar), and Theo Travis

Hammond organ

Hammond organ

The Hammond organ is an electric organ invented by Laurens Hammond and John M. Hanert and first manufactured in 1935. Multiple models have been produced, most of which use sliding drawbars to vary sounds. Until 1975, Hammond organs generated sound by creating an electric current from rotating a metal tonewheel near an electromagnetic pickup, and then strengthening the signal with an amplifier to drive a speaker cabinet. The organ is commonly used with the Leslie speaker.

Synthesizer

Synthesizer

A synthesizer is an electronic musical instrument that generates audio signals. Synthesizers typically create sounds by generating waveforms through methods including subtractive synthesis, additive synthesis and frequency modulation synthesis. These sounds may be altered by components such as filters, which cut or boost frequencies; envelopes, which control articulation, or how notes begin and end; and low-frequency oscillators, which modulate parameters such as pitch, volume, or filter characteristics affecting timbre. Synthesizers are typically played with keyboards or controlled by sequencers, software or other instruments, and may be synchronized to other equipment via MIDI.

Personnel

Members

Lineups

1968–1971 1971–1972 1972–1973 1973–1974
  • Pye Hastings – guitar, vocals
  • Richard Sinclair – bass, vocals
  • Richard Coughlan – drums, percussion
  • Steve Miller – keyboards
  • Pye Hastings – guitar, vocals
  • Richard Coughlan – drums, percussion
  • Derek Austin – keyboards
  • Stuart Evans – bass
  • Geoffrey Richardson – guitar, viola, violin, vocals
  • Pye Hastings – guitar, vocals
  • Richard Coughlan – drums, percussion
  • Geoffrey Richardson – guitar, viola, violin, vocals
  • John G. Perry – bass, vocals, percussion
  • Dave Sinclair – keyboards
1974–1975 1975–1976 1976–1978 1978–1980
  • Pye Hastings – guitar, vocals
  • Richard Coughlan – drums, percussion
  • Geoffrey Richardson – guitar, viola, violin, vocals
  • Dave Sinclair – keyboards
  • Mike Wedgwood – bass, vocals, congas, synthesizers
  • Pye Hastings – guitar, vocals
  • Richard Coughlan – drums, percussion
  • Geoffrey Richardson – guitar, viola, violin, vocals
  • Mike Wedgwood – bass, vocals
  • Jan Schelhaas – keyboards, backing vocals
  • Pye Hastings – guitar, vocals
  • Richard Coughlan – drums, percussion
  • Geoffrey Richardson – guitar, viola, violin, vocals
  • Jan Schelhaas – keyboards, backing vocals
  • Dek Messecar – bass, backing vocals

Disbanded

1980–1981 1981–1985 1985–1990 1990–1992
  • Pye Hastings – guitar, vocals
  • Richard Coughlan – drums, percussion
  • Geoffrey Richardson – guitar, viola, violin, vocals
  • Dek Messecar – bass, backing vocals
  • Dave Sinclair – keyboards, vocals
  • Pye Hastings – guitar, vocals
  • Richard Coughlan – drums, percussion
  • Dave Sinclair – keyboards, vocals
  • Richard Sinclair – bass, vocals, guitar

Disbanded

  • Pye Hastings – guitar, vocals
  • Richard Coughlan – drums, percussion
  • Dave Sinclair – keyboards
  • Richard Sinclair – bass, vocals
1992–1995 1995–1996 1996–1997 1997–2002

Disbanded

  • Pye Hastings – guitar, vocals
  • Richard Coughlan – drums, percussion
  • Dave Sinclair – keyboards, backing vocals
  • Jim Leverton – bass, vocals
  • Geoffrey Richardson – guitar, viola, violin, backing vocals
  • Pye Hastings – guitar, vocals
  • Richard Coughlan – drums
  • Dave Sinclair – keyboards, backing vocals
  • Jim Leverton – bass, vocals
  • Simon Bentall – percussion
  • Doug Boyle – guitar
  • Jimmy Hastings – flute, saxophone
  • Pye Hastings – guitar, vocals
  • Richard Coughlan – drums, percussion
  • Dave Sinclair – keyboards, backing vocals
  • Jim Leverton – bass, vocals
  • Doug Boyle – guitar
  • Geoffrey Richardson – guitar, viola, violin, backing vocals
2002–2007 2007–2010 2010–2013 2013–2021
  • Pye Hastings – guitar, vocals
  • Richard Coughlan – drums, percussion
  • Jim Leverton – bass, vocals
  • Doug Boyle – guitar
  • Geoffrey Richardson – guitar, viola, violin, backing vocals
  • Jan Schelhaas – keyboards, backing vocals
  • Pye Hastings – guitar, vocals
  • Richard Coughlan – drums, percussion
  • Jim Leverton – bass, vocals
  • Geoffrey Richardson – guitar, viola, violin, backing vocals
  • Jan Schelhaas – keyboards, backing vocals
  • Pye Hastings – guitar, vocals
  • Richard Coughlan – percussion
  • Jim Leverton – bass, vocals
  • Geoffrey Richardson – guitar, viola, violin, vocals
  • Jan Schelhaas – keyboards, backing vocals
  • Mark Walker – drums
  • Pye Hastings – guitar, vocals
  • Jim Leverton – bass, vocals
  • Geoffrey Richardson – guitar, viola, violin, vocals
  • Jan Schelhaas – keyboards, backing vocals
  • Mark Walker – drums, percussion
2021–Present
  • Pye Hastings – guitar, vocals
  • Geoffrey Richardson – guitar, viola, violin, backing vocals
  • Jan Schelhaas – keyboards, backing vocals
  • Mark Walker – drums, percussion
  • Lee Pomeroy – bass, backing vocals

Timeline

Discover more about Personnel related topics

Pye Hastings

Pye Hastings

Julian Frederick Gordon 'Pye' Hastings is a British musician. Born in Scotland and raised in Canterbury, Kent, he is the guitarist and vocalist of the Canterbury scene band Caravan and brother of Jimmy Hastings.

Geoffrey Richardson (musician)

Geoffrey Richardson (musician)

Peter Geoffrey Richardson, is a British viola player and multi-instrumentalist best known for his work with Caravan, Murray Head and the Penguin Cafe Orchestra.

Jan Schelhaas

Jan Schelhaas

Jan Russell Schelhaas is an English musician, mostly known as the keyboard player from the bands Caravan and Camel.

Lee Pomeroy

Lee Pomeroy

Lee Pomeroy is an English musician, best known for performing bass guitar and backing vocals with several artists, including Jeff Lynne's ELO, Yes Featuring Jon Anderson, Trevor Rabin, Rick Wakeman, Take That, Steve Hackett, and Chris Braide. He has also worked with Take That's Gary Barlow as a solo artist. Pomeroy is a member of Rick Wakeman's English Rock Ensemble and the progressive metal band Headspace, founded by Rick Wakeman's son Adam and Damian Wilson.

Richard Coughlan

Richard Coughlan

Richard Coughlan was an English musician, best known as the drummer and percussionist of the Canterbury scene progressive rock band Caravan. He was one of the founding members of Caravan in 1968 and remained with the band until his death. AllMusic called Coughlan "one of art rock's longest tenured musicians".

Richard Sinclair

Richard Sinclair

Richard Stephen Sinclair is an English progressive rock bassist, guitarist, and vocalist who has been a member of several bands of the Canterbury scene.

Dave Sinclair

Dave Sinclair

David Sinclair is a British keyboardist associated with the psychedelia/progressive rock Canterbury Scene since the late 1960s. He became famous with the band Caravan and was responsible as a songwriter for creating some of their best-known tracks: "For Richard", "Nine Feet Underground", "The Dabsong Conshirtoe", "Proper Job/Back to Front".

John G. Perry

John G. Perry

John G. Perry is a British bass guitarist and singer. He was born in the U.S. to British parents and when he was young, the family moved back to England.

Mike Wedgwood

Mike Wedgwood

Mike Wedgwood is an English bassist and singer. He is related to the Wedgwood family of pottery fame.

Doug Boyle

Doug Boyle

Doug Boyle is an English guitarist and composer, best known for his work with Robert Plant, Nigel Kennedy and later incarnations of Caravan.

Jimmy Hastings

Jimmy Hastings

James Brian Gordon Hastings is a British musician associated with the Canterbury scene who plays saxophones, flute and clarinet.

Jim Leverton

Jim Leverton

Jim Leverton is an English professional musician, with a career spanning nearly fifty years, including as a sidesman to the Jimi Hendrix Experience's Noel Redding, Steve Marriott, Blodwyn Pig and the Canterbury scene band Caravan.

Discography

Studio albums

Live albums

Compilations

  • Canterbury Tales (1977)
  • The Show of Our Lives (1981)
  • Songs and Signs (1991)
  • The Best of Caravan – Canterbury Tales (1994 - expanded reissue of 1977 version)
  • All Over You (1997)
  • Travelling Man (1998)
  • Headloss (1999)
  • All Over You...Too (2000)
  • Traveling Ways: The HTD Anthology (2000)
  • Where but for Caravan Would I? (2000)
  • The World Is Yours (4-CD Box Set, 2010)
  • Back Catalogue Songs (2013)
  • Who Do You Think We Are (2021) (35 cd + DVD and Bluray Disc Boxset)

UK Singles

  • "Place of My Own" (1969)
  • "If I Could Do It All Over Again I'd Do It All Over You" (1970)
  • "Love to Love You" (1971)
  • "Stuck in a Hole" (1975)
  • "All the Way" (1976)
  • "Better by Far" (1977)
  • "Heartbreaker" (1980)
  • "Keepin' Up de Fences" (1980)

[29]

Discover more about Discography related topics

Caravan (Caravan album)

Caravan (Caravan album)

Caravan is the debut album by the British Canterbury scene, progressive rock band Caravan. It was released by Verve Forecast in October 1968 and was the group's only album for the label.

If I Could Do It All Over Again, I'd Do It All Over You

If I Could Do It All Over Again, I'd Do It All Over You

If I Could Do It All Over Again, I'd Do It All Over You is the second album by Canterbury scene band Caravan, released in September 1970. It was the predecessor to their best-known album In the Land of Grey and Pink (1971). The album is representative of the Canterbury scene genre, featuring representative organ solos and melodic vocals typical of the band's style. The album was released on Decca Records, as was the title track as a single release.

In the Land of Grey and Pink

In the Land of Grey and Pink

In the Land of Grey and Pink is the third album by English progressive rock band Caravan, released in April 1971 on Deram Records. It was produced by David Hitchcock and was the last album to feature the original lineup of Richard Coughlan, Pye Hastings, Richard Sinclair and Dave Sinclair until 1982's Back to Front.

For Girls Who Grow Plump in the Night

For Girls Who Grow Plump in the Night

For Girls Who Grow Plump in the Night is the fifth studio album released by the Canterbury scene band Caravan. Richard Sinclair and Steve Miller left the band prior to the recording of this album. They were replaced by John G. Perry and the returning Dave Sinclair. Viola player Geoff Richardson was added to the band.

Cunning Stunts (Caravan album)

Cunning Stunts (Caravan album)

Cunning Stunts is the sixth studio album by the progressive rock band Caravan, released in 1975. It was their first album with the bass guitarist, vocalist and songwriter Mike Wedgwood. The title of the album is a spoonerism for "Stunning Cunts", which is typical of their cheeky use of language. Three previous Caravan albums with titles that are also sexual plays on words are If I Could Do It All Over Again, I'd Do It All Over You (1970), In the Land of Grey and Pink (1971) and For Girls Who Grow Plump in the Night (1973).

Blind Dog at St. Dunstans

Blind Dog at St. Dunstans

Blind Dog at St. Dunstans is the seventh studio album by Canterbury Scene rock band Caravan. It was released in 1976.

Better by Far

Better by Far

Better by Far is the eighth studio album by Canterbury scene rock band Caravan.

Back to Front (Caravan album)

Back to Front (Caravan album)

Back to Front is the tenth album by English progressive rock band Caravan, released in 1982. Back to Front featured the original lineup of Richard Coughlan, Pye Hastings, Richard Sinclair and David Sinclair after 1971's In the Land of Grey and Pink and is the last studio album to feature that lineup.

Cool Water (album)

Cool Water (album)

Cool Water is the eleventh album by English progressive rock band Caravan, released in 1994. It is a compilation of old recordings, including their unreleased 2nd Arista album shelved in 1978.

Caravan and the New Symphonia

Caravan and the New Symphonia

Caravan and the New Symphonia is a record by Caravan recorded on 28 October 1973 at the Theatre Royal in Drury Lane and originally released in 1974 on UK Decca's subsidiary Deram. Bringing the band and The New Symphonia Orchestra together for this recording was the work of Martyn Ford, conductor of the New Symphonia, and John G. Perry, who played bass with Caravan at the time. An expanded and re-ordered version was published in 2001. This version claims to have the tracks in the order as played.

BBC Radio 1 Live in Concert (Caravan album)

BBC Radio 1 Live in Concert (Caravan album)

BBC Radio 1 Live in Concert is the 1991 album released by Caravan. It was recorded live on 21 March 1975 at the Paris Theatre, London.

Ether Way

Ether Way

Ether Way: BBC Sessions 1975-77 is a live album by the progressive rock band Caravan released 1998.

Filmography

  • 2002: A Night's Tale - Live in the USA (CD/DVD)
  • 2003: A Knight in London (DVD)
  • 2004: The Ultimate Anthology (DVD)
  • 2005: The 35th Anniversary Concert (DVD)
  • 2011: Filmed Live at Metropolis Studios (DVD)
  • 2012: Recorded Live in Concert at Metropolis Studios, London (CD/DVD)
  • 2014: Caravan Live at RoSFEST, Gettysburg, USA (DVD)
  • 2015: Romantic Warriors III: Canterbury Tales (DVD)
  • 2015: Access All Areas (CD/DVD)

Source: "Caravan (band)", Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, (2022, November 25th), https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Caravan_(band).

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References
  1. ^ a b c d e f Elder, Bruce. "Caravan Biography". AllMusic. Retrieved 20 April 2007.
  2. ^ Bennett 2005, p. 61.
  3. ^ Bennett 2005, p. 67.
  4. ^ Bennett 2005, p. 68.
  5. ^ Romano 2010, p. 192.
  6. ^ a b c In The Land of Grey and Pink (original sleeve notes). Decca. 2001. p. 7. 8829832.
  7. ^ Bennett 2005, p. 127.
  8. ^ a b c d e f Powell, Mark (2001). If I Could Do It All Over Again, I'd Do It All Over You (Media notes). Decca Records. 8829682.
  9. ^ a b c d e Powell, Mark (2001). In The Land of Grey And Pink (Media notes). Decca Records. 882932.
  10. ^ Thompson, Dave. "In the Land of Grey and Pink (2011 remaster)". AllMusic. Retrieved 19 February 2014.
  11. ^ Martin 1998, p. 190.
  12. ^ a b c d e f Powell, Mark (2001). Waterloo Lily (Media notes). Decca Records. 8829822.
  13. ^ a b c d e f Hinton 2003, p. 171.
  14. ^ a b c d Romano 2010, p. 193.
  15. ^ Martin 1998, p. 222.
  16. ^ "The Official Charts Company – Caravan – Cunning Stunts". Official Charts Company. Retrieved 4 November 2009.
  17. ^ "The Official Charts Company – Caravan – Blind Dog At St Dunstan's". Official Charts Company. Retrieved 4 November 2009.
  18. ^ a b Jackman, Robert (2007). "The Show of Our Lives - BBC 1968–75". BBC Music. Retrieved 21 February 2014.
  19. ^ a b "Richard Cloughland RIP (1947–2013)". Caravan (official website). Retrieved 21 February 2014.
  20. ^ "Classic Rock Legends: Caravan Live at Metropolis Studios DVD". Caravan (official website). Retrieved 21 February 2014.
  21. ^ "Plump Caravan tour announced". Gettothefront.co.uk.
  22. ^ "Caravan - Paradise Filter (2014 Studio Album)". Compact Disc Services. Retrieved 21 February 2014.
  23. ^ "Richard Coughlan". Calyx.perso.neuf.fr. Retrieved 26 October 2014.
  24. ^ "Caravan - Drummer Richard Coughlan Dies". Contact Music. 13 December 2013. Retrieved 21 February 2014.
  25. ^ a b "Pilgrims' prog rock". The Guardian. 20 October 2006. Retrieved 21 February 2014.
  26. ^ a b Irvin 2007, p. 234.
  27. ^ Romano 2010, p. 191.
  28. ^ "Interview with Pye Hastings by Andrew Darlington". Soundchecks Music Review. Retrieved 21 February 2014.
  29. ^ "Caravan". Discogs. Retrieved 20 July 2018.
Bibliography
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