Captain is a title, an appellative for the commanding officer of a military unit; the supreme leader of a navy ship, merchant ship, aeroplane, spacecraft, or other vessel; or the commander of a port, fire or police department, election precinct, etc. In militaries, the captain is typically at the level of an officer commanding a company or battalion of infantry, a ship, or a battery of artillery, or another distinct unit. The term also may be used as an informal or honorary title for persons in similar commanding roles.
The term "captain" derives from katepánō (Ancient Greek: κατεπάνω, lit. '[the one] placed at the top', or 'the topmost'), which was used as title for a senior Byzantine military rank and office. The word was Latinized as capetanus/catepan, and its meaning seems to have merged with that of the late Latin "capitaneus" (which derives from the classical Latin word "caput", meaning head). This hybridized term gave rise to the English language term captain and its equivalents in other languages (Capitan, Capitaine, Capitano, Capitão, Kapitan, Kapitän, Kapitein, Kapteeni, Kapten, kapitány, Kapudan Pasha, Kobtan, etc.).
Occupations or roles
- Captain (armed forces), a commissioned officer rank corresponding to the field commander of a company of soldiers usually, or that of a battery of an artillery battalion (company second-in-command or specialist platoon commander in UK).
- Captain (naval), a commissioned officer rank in the navy, corresponding to the rank of Army colonel, Air force colonel.
- Captain (nautical), a licensed civilian mariner or person who is legally in command of a merchant ship, a yacht or another type of vessel that may or may not be carrying passengers for hire; corresponds to the work condition of shipmaster or, as usually said, master.
- Captain (airlines), a licensed civilian airman or person who is legally in command of a civilian aircraft; corresponding to the work condition of pilot in command colloquially said PIC.
- Fire captain, officer in a fire department.
- Police captain, officer in a police organization.
- Group Captain, a senior commissioned rank in many air forces.
- Captain of industry, business leader.
- Captain of the Port, harbour (UK) or Coast Guard (USA) post.
- Precinct captain, political party's representative at an election precinct.
- School captain, student elected or appointed to represent the school.
- Captain Regent, head of state of San Marino.
- Captain-major, colonial officer of a Portuguese possession.
- Captain-commandant, a Belgian military rank.
- Katepano, a senior Byzantine officer (and word from which "captain" derived).
- Kapudan Pasha
- Kapitan Cina
- Captal, a regional title in Southern France.
Discover more about Occupations or roles related topics
- Seren, an Israel Defense Forces officer rank whether Army, Air Force, or Navy
- Captain (Royal Navy), NATO OF-5 grade
- Captain (British Army and Royal Marines), NATO OF-2 grade
- Group Captain (Royal Air Force), NATO OF-5 grade
- Captain (United States)
- Captain (United States O-3) (US Air Force, Army, Marine Corps, or Space Force)
- Captain (United States O-6) (US Navy, US Public Health Service, or Coast Guard)
- Kapitän bzw. „Kapitän zur See“ (Deutsche Marine), Nato OF-5 grade
- Captain (naval)
- Captain at sea
- Captain of sea and war
- other captain grades
Discover more about Military ranks related topics
Non-military / private ranks
Source: "Captain", Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, (2023, February 22nd), https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Captain.
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- ^ Haldon, John (1999). Warfare, State and Society in the Byzantine World, 565–1204. London: UCL Press. ISBN 1-85728-495-X.
- ^ "Definition of CAPTAIN". www.merriam-webster.com. Retrieved 6 January 2020.
- ^ Mzezewa, Tariro (25 February 2019). "Please Call Her Captain". The New York Times. Retrieved 6 January 2020.
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