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Călărași District

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Călărași District
Raionul Călărași
District (Raion)
Flag of Călărași District
Coat of arms of Călărași District
Location of Călărași District
Country Republic of Moldova
Administrative center
(Oraș-reședinţă)

CoA of Călărași (Moldova).jpg Călărași
Government
 • Raion PresidentIlie Rău (PDM), since 2011
Area
 • Total753 km2 (291 sq mi)
Population
 • Total64,401
 • Density86/km2 (220/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
Area code+373 44
Car platesCL
Websitewww.calarasi.md

Călărași (Romanian pronunciation: [kələˈraʃʲ]) is a district (Romanian: raion) in the centre of Moldova, with the administrative headquarters in Călărași. As of January 1, 2011, its population was 78,800.

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History

The district territory is inhabited since Paleolithic, 50–40,000 years ago. Settlements with the earliest documentary attestation of the district are: Horodiște, Pitușca, and Sadova, they are certified in 1420. During the component was in the Principality of Moldova (1359-1812), the current Călărași territory held by the Orhei - Lăpușna County. After dividing the land Orhei - Lapusna in two separate counties, some localities have passed Orhei County and the other part Lăpușna County. From the 16th through the 18th centuries, the district developed economically (trade, wine), culturally (to build monasteries, Frumoasa, Hârbovăţ and Răciula) and grew in population. After the Treaty of Bucharest, Basarabia is occupied by the Russian Empire at this time there is an intense russification of the native population. In 1918 after the collapse of the Russian Empire, Basarabia united with the motherland Romania but for a short time (1918–1940, 1941–1944). In 1940 after the Molotov-Ribbentrop Treaty, the territory between the Prut and Nistru is busy again this time the USSR. In 1991 as a result of the proclamation of Independence of Moldova, part of the Ungheni County (1991–2003), and in 2003 became administrative unit of Moldova.

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Paleolithic

Paleolithic

The Paleolithic or Palaeolithic, also called the Old Stone Age, is a period in human prehistory that is distinguished by the original development of stone tools, and which represents almost the entire period of human prehistoric technology. It extends from the earliest known use of stone tools by hominins, c. 3.3 million years ago, to the end of the Pleistocene, c. 11,650 cal BP.

Human settlement

Human settlement

In geography, statistics and archaeology, a settlement, locality or populated place is a community in which people live. The complexity of a settlement can range from a minuscule number of dwellings grouped together to the largest of cities with surrounding urbanized areas. Settlements may include hamlets, villages, towns and cities. A settlement may have known historical properties such as the date or era in which it was first settled, or first settled by particular people.

Pitușca

Pitușca

Pitușca is a village in Călărași District, Moldova.

Călărași

Călărași

Călărași, the capital of Călărași County in the Muntenia region, is situated in south-east Romania, on the banks of the Danube's Borcea branch, at about 12 kilometres from the Bulgarian border and 125 kilometres from Bucharest.

Orhei County (Romania)

Orhei County (Romania)

Orhei was a county in the Kingdom of Romania between 1925 and 1938, and again between 1941 and 1944, with the seat at Orhei.

Răciula

Răciula

Răciula is a commune in Călărași District, Moldova. It is composed of two villages, Parcani and Răciula.

Treaty of Bucharest (1812)

Treaty of Bucharest (1812)

The Treaty of Bucharest between the Ottoman Empire and the Russian Empire, was signed on 28 May 1812, in Manuc's Inn in Bucharest, and ratified on 5 July 1812, at the end of the Russo-Turkish War of 1806–1812. The Ottomans had done poorly in the war. The Sublime Porte above all wanted to stay out of the impending conflict between Napoleon's France and Russia. The Russians didn't want a war on two fronts, thus they made peace in order to be free for the upcoming war with France. The Ottomans had extricated themselves from a potentially disastrous war with a slight loss of territory. This treaty became the basis for future Russo-Ottoman relations.

Russian Empire

Russian Empire

The Russian Empire was an empire and the final period of the Russian monarchy from 1721 to 1917, ruling across large parts of Eurasia. It succeeded the Tsardom of Russia following the Treaty of Nystad, which ended the Great Northern War. The rise of the Russian Empire coincided with the decline of neighbouring rival powers: the Swedish Empire, the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, Qajar Iran, the Ottoman Empire, and Qing China. It also held colonies in North America between 1799 and 1867. Covering an area of approximately 22,800,000 square kilometres (8,800,000 sq mi), it remains the third-largest empire in history, surpassed only by the British Empire and the Mongol Empire; it ruled over a population of 125.6 million people per the 1897 Russian census, which was the only census carried out during the entire imperial period. Owing to its geographic extent across three continents at its peak, it featured great ethnic, linguistic, religious, and economic diversity.

Russification

Russification

Russification, or Russianization, is a form of cultural assimilation in which non-Russians, whether involuntarily or voluntarily, give up their culture and language in favor of the Russian culture and the Russian language.

Union of Bessarabia with Romania

Union of Bessarabia with Romania

The union of Bessarabia with Romania was proclaimed on April 9 [O.S. March 27] 1918 by Sfatul Țării, the legislative body of the Moldavian Democratic Republic. This state had the same borders of the region of Bessarabia, which was annexed by the Russian Empire following the Treaty of Bucharest of 1812 and organized first as an Oblast and later as a Governorate. Under Russian rule, many of the native Tatars were expelled from parts of Bessarabia and replaced with Moldavians, Wallachians, Bulgarians, Ukrainians, Greeks, Russians, Lipovans, Cossacks, Gagauzes and other peoples, although colonization was not limited to formerly Tatar-inhabited lands. Russia also tried to integrate the region by imposing the Russian language in administration and restricting education in other languages.

Geography

Călăraşi district situated in geomorphological area Codri
Călăraşi district situated in geomorphological area Codri

Calarasi District is located in central part of Moldova. It borders with Teleneşti District in the north, east Orhei District, Străşeni District in south, south-west Nisporeni District and Ungheni District in west. Very rugged terrain, crossed the slopes with different degrees of tilt conditioning Central Moldavian Plateau, and is located in Codri. Chernozem soil in valleys, and brown soil on the plateau. Maximum altitude in the district is 400 meters, the rate reached in the south-western part of district.

Climate

The climate is temperate-continental. The average air temperature is +9 °C. Average January temperature -5 °C (-25-27 °C minimum) and in July +21+21.5 °C (maximum +36 °C). Yearly precipitation] 550–650 mm. Average wind speed 4–6 m \ s.

Fauna

Fauna characteristic of the so animals such as: fox, wild cat, marten, rabbit, squirrel, deer, wild boar, wolf, red deer and others and the world of birds may be mentioned: blackbird, pigeon, jay, finch, eagle, woodpecker and other.

Flora

Forests occupy 30.7% of district territory, dominate species: hornbeam, beech, ash, elm, oak, white, lime, etc. In strips of forest are encountered: horn, hawthorn, bat, maples and other.

Plaiul Fagului

Red deer in the scientific reserve Plaiul Fagului
Red deer in the scientific reserve Plaiul Fagului

State Nature Reserve "Plaiul Fagului" was created on March 12, 1992 for the conservation, regeneration, environmental recovery, study one of the most picturesque and representative forest ecosystems in the Codri. The total area of reserve is 5642 ha, of which forests occupy 4639 ha (82.2%). The territorial-administrative structure includes 5387 hectares of natural tree, beech formations including 272 ha (4.8%), ash 1163 ha (20.6%), sessile oak 1039 ha (18.4%), lime 170 ha (3.1%) other species, 169 ha (3.0%). Flora includes 909 species, including 645 species of vascular plants, 151 species of fungi, 48 species of lichens, 65 species of moss. Fauna: As mentioned Dimitrie Cantemir, in this land dwelling deer, bears, reindeer, martens, wolves, wild boar. Arable land expansion has contributed significantly to the reduction of forested area, the numerical reduction plants and animals. Uncontrolled hunting disappearance of conditioned bear, deer, lynx, wolf, black grouse etc.

Rivers

District is located in the Nistru river basin, a tributary that crosses the district are: Bic, Ichel and Cula. Most lakes are of natural origin, but are rich in fish.

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Orhei District

Orhei District

Orhei is a district in central Moldova, with its administrative center in the city of Orhei. As of 2014 Moldovan Census its population was 101,502.

Nisporeni District

Nisporeni District

Nisporeni is a district in west-central Moldova, with its administrative center at Nisporeni. According to the 2014 census, its population was 53,154; most are Moldovans.

Ungheni District

Ungheni District

Ungheni is a district in the central part of Moldova, bordering Romania, with the administrative center at Ungheni. The other major city is Corneşti. As of 1 January 2011, its population was 117,400.

Central Moldavian Plateau

Central Moldavian Plateau

The Central Moldavian Plateau, or Codru Massif is a geographic area in Moldova. It is the central and SE part of the Moldavian Plateau. It has elevations that in the N-S direction decrease in altitude from 400 m to under 200 m.

Chernozem

Chernozem

Chernozem, also called black soil, is a black-colored soil containing a high percentage of humus and high percentages of phosphorus and ammonia compounds. Chernozem is very fertile soil and can produce high agricultural yields with its high moisture storage capacity. Chernozems are a Reference Soil Group of the World Reference Base for Soil Resources (WRB).

Continental climate

Continental climate

Continental climates often have a significant annual variation in temperature. They tend to occur in the middle latitudes, within large landmasses where prevailing winds blow overland bringing some precipitation, and temperatures are not moderated by oceans. Continental climates occur mostly in the Northern Hemisphere due to the large landmasses found there. Most of northern and northeastern China, eastern and southeastern Europe, Western and north western Iran, central and southeastern Canada, and the central and northeastern United States have this type of climate. Continentality is a measure of the degree to which a region experiences this type of climate.

Fox

Fox

Foxes are small to medium-sized, omnivorous mammals belonging to several genera of the family Canidae. They have a flattened skull, upright, triangular ears, a pointed, slightly upturned snout, and a long bushy tail.

Marten

Marten

A marten is a weasel-like mammal in the genus Martes within the subfamily Guloninae, in the family Mustelidae. They have bushy tails and large paws with partially retractile claws. The fur varies from yellowish to dark brown, depending on the species; it is valued by animal trappers for the fur trade. Martens are slender, agile animals, adapted to living in the taiga, which inhabit coniferous and northern deciduous forests across the Northern Hemisphere.

Rabbit

Rabbit

Rabbits, also known as bunnies or bunny rabbits, are small mammals in the family Leporidae of the order Lagomorpha. Oryctolagus cuniculus includes the European rabbit species and its descendants, the world's 305 breeds of domestic rabbit. Sylvilagus includes 13 wild rabbit species, among them the seven types of cottontail. The European rabbit, which has been introduced on every continent except Antarctica, is familiar throughout the world as a wild prey animal and as a domesticated form of livestock and pet. With its widespread effect on ecologies and cultures, the rabbit is, in many areas of the world, a part of daily life—as food, clothing, a companion, and a source of artistic inspiration.

Squirrel

Squirrel

Squirrels are members of the family Sciuridae, a family that includes small or medium-size rodents. The squirrel family includes tree squirrels, ground squirrels, and flying squirrels. Squirrels are indigenous to the Americas, Eurasia, and Africa, and were introduced by humans to Australia. The earliest known fossilized squirrels date from the Eocene epoch, and among other living rodent families, the squirrels are most closely related to the mountain beaver and to the dormice.

Deer

Deer

Deer or true deer are hoofed ruminant mammals forming the family Cervidae. The two main groups of deer are the Cervinae, including the muntjac, the elk (wapiti), the red deer, and the fallow deer; and the Capreolinae, including the reindeer (caribou), white-tailed deer, the roe deer, and the moose. Male deer of all species, as well as female reindeer, grow and shed new antlers each year. In this they differ from permanently horned antelope, which are part of a different family (Bovidae) within the same order of even-toed ungulates (Artiodactyla).

Red deer

Red deer

The red deer is one of the largest deer species. A male red deer is called a stag or hart, and a female is called a hind. The red deer inhabits most of Europe, the Caucasus Mountains region, Anatolia, Iran, and parts of western Asia. It also inhabits the Atlas Mountains of Northern Africa; its early ancestors are thought to have crossed over to Morocco, then to Algeria, Libya and Tunisia via the Strait of Gibraltar, becoming the only species of true deer (Cervidae) to inhabit Africa. Red deer have been introduced to other areas, including Australia, New Zealand, the United States, Canada, Peru, Uruguay, Chile and Argentina. In many parts of the world, the meat (venison) from red deer is used as a food source.

Wine production

This Călărași District is known for its red wine, white wine, and cognac. While Moldova was a part of the Soviet Union, its wines were known throughout the USSR.

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Red wine

Red wine

Red wine is a type of wine made from dark-colored grape varieties. The color of the wine can range from intense violet, typical of young wines, through to brick red for mature wines and brown for older red wines. The juice from most purple grapes is greenish-white, the red color coming from anthocyan pigments present in the skin of the grape. Much of the red wine production process involves extraction of color and flavor components from the grape skin.

White wine

White wine

White wine is a wine that is fermented without skin contact. The colour can be straw-yellow, yellow-green, or yellow-gold. It is produced by the alcoholic fermentation of the non-coloured pulp of grapes, which may have a skin of any colour. White wine has existed for at least 4,000 years.

Cognac

Cognac

Cognac is a variety of brandy named after the commune of Cognac, France. It is produced in the surrounding wine-growing region in the departments of Charente and Charente-Maritime.

Soviet Union

Soviet Union

The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR), was a transcontinental country that spanned much of Eurasia from 1922 to 1991. A flagship communist state, it was nominally a federal union of fifteen national republics; in practice, both its government and its economy were highly centralized until its final years. It was a one-party state governed by the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, with the city of Moscow serving as its capital as well as that of its largest and most populous republic: the Russian SFSR. Other major cities included Leningrad, Kiev, Minsk, Tashkent, Alma-Ata, and Novosibirsk. It was the largest country in the world, covering over 22,402,200 square kilometres (8,649,500 sq mi) and spanning eleven time zones.

Administrative subdivisions

Demographics

1 January 2012 the district population was 78,800 of which 20.7% urban and 79.3% rural population

  • Births (2010): 927 (11.7 per 1000)
  • Deaths (2010): 1175 (14.9 per 100)
  • Growth rate (2010): -248 (-3.1 per 1000)

Ethnic groups

Ethnic group % of total
Moldovans * 79.8
Romanians * 15.5
Ukrainians 3.3
Russians 0.8
Romani 0.3
Gagauz 0.1
Bulgarians 0.1
Other 0.2
Undeclared 1.27

Footnote: * There is an ongoing controversy regarding the ethnic identification of Moldovans and Romanians.

Religion

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Ethnic group

Ethnic group

An ethnic group or an ethnicity is a grouping of people who identify with each other on the basis of shared attributes that distinguish them from other groups. Those attributes can include common sets of traditions, ancestry, race, language, history, society, nation, religion, or social treatment within their residing area. The term ethnicity is often times used interchangeably with the term nation, particularly in cases of ethnic nationalism.

Moldovans

Moldovans

Moldovans, sometimes referred to as Moldavians, is a term used to describe the Romanian-speaking indigenous people of the Republic of Moldova and the largest self-declared ethnic group of the Republic of Moldova as well as a significant minority in Ukraine and Russia. There is an ongoing controversy, in part involving the linguisitic definition of ethnicity, over whether Moldovans' self-identification constitutes an ethnic group distinct and apart from Romanians, or a subset.

Romanians

Romanians

The Romanians are a Romance-speaking ethnic group. Sharing a common Romanian culture and ancestry, and speaking the Romanian language, they live primarily in Romania and Moldova. The 2022 Romanian census found that just under 89.3% of Romania's citizens identified themselves as ethnic Romanians.

Ukrainians

Ukrainians

Ukrainians are an East Slavic ethnic group native to Ukraine. They are the seventh-largest nation in Europe. The native language of the Ukrainians is Ukrainian. The majority of Ukrainians are Eastern Orthodox Christians.

Russians

Russians

The Russians are an East Slavic ethnic group native to Eastern Europe, who share a common Russian ancestry, culture, and history. Russian, the most spoken Slavic language, is the shared mother tongue of the Russians; and Orthodox Christianity is their historical religion since the 11th century. They are the largest Slavic nation, as well as the largest European nation.

Romani people

Romani people

The Romani, colloquially known as the Roma, are an Indo-Aryan ethnic group and traditionally nomadic itinerants. They live in Europe and Anatolia, and have diaspora populations located worldwide with significant concentrations in the Americas.

Gagauz people

Gagauz people

The Gagauz are a Turkic people living mostly in southern Moldova and southwestern Ukraine (Budjak). Gagauz are mostly Eastern Orthodox Christians. The term Gagauz is also often used as a collective naming of Turkic people living in the Balkans, speaking Gagauz language, a language separated from Balkan Gagauz Turkish.

Bulgarians

Bulgarians

Bulgarians are a nation and South Slavic ethnic group native to Bulgaria and the rest of Southeast Europe. The Bulgarians form the majority of the population in Bulgaria as well as historical minority communities in the neighbouring countries from Eastern and Southeastern Europe, more specifically in Romania, Moldova, Ukraine, and in other countries situated throughout the Balkan peninsula.

Controversy over ethnic and linguistic identity in Moldova

Controversy over ethnic and linguistic identity in Moldova

A controversy exists over the national identity and name of the native language of the main ethnic group in Moldova. The issue more frequently disputed is whether Moldovans constitute a subgroup of Romanians or a separate ethnic group. While there is wide agreement about the existence of a common language, the controversy persists about the use of the term "Moldovan language" in certain political contexts.

Bravicea

Bravicea

Bravicea is a village in Călărași District, Moldova.

Christians

Christians

Christians are people who follow or adhere to Christianity, a monotheistic Abrahamic religion based on the life and teachings of Jesus Christ. The words Christ and Christian derive from the Koine Greek title Christós (Χριστός), a translation of the Biblical Hebrew term mashiach (מָשִׁיחַ). While there are diverse interpretations of Christianity which sometimes conflict, they are united in believing that Jesus has a unique significance. The term Christian used as an adjective is descriptive of anything associated with Christianity or Christian churches, or in a proverbial sense "all that is noble, and good, and Christ-like." It does not have a meaning of 'of Christ' or 'related or pertaining to Christ'.

Baptists

Baptists

Baptists form a major branch of Protestantism distinguished by baptizing professing Christian believers only, and doing so by complete immersion. Baptist churches also generally subscribe to the doctrines of soul competency, sola fide, sola scriptura and congregationalist church government. Baptists generally recognize two ordinances: baptism and communion.

Economy

Viticulture an important sector of agriculture district
Viticulture an important sector of agriculture district

The district recorded a total of 21,200 enterprises, of which individual enterprises 673 units, 19,792 units farms, enterprises with the legal person status 800. SMEs constitute about 99% of all enterprises. Here is a winery and a cognac factory is one of the first in Moldova and other enterprises in the food industry (canned food, sugar, dairy products). Food industry (dairy) there is a factory that produces dairy products quality first. Agricultural land - 25 801 ha (34.1%), including arable land - 13,323 ha (16.7%), orchards - 3138 ha (4.1%), vine - 6020 ha (8.0%), pastures - 7384 ha (9.8%) other - 394.7 ha (0.5%). Main crops: cereals (wheat, oats), corn, sunflower, rapeseed and soy.

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Viticulture

Viticulture

Viticulture or winegrowing is the cultivation and harvesting of grapes. It is a branch of the science of horticulture. While the native territory of Vitis vinifera, the common grape vine, ranges from Western Europe to the Persian shores of the Caspian Sea, the vine has demonstrated high levels of adaptability to new environments, hence viticulture can be found on every continent except Antarctica.

Winery

Winery

A winery is a building or property that produces wine, or a business involved in the production of wine, such as a wine company. Some wine companies own many wineries. Besides wine making equipment, larger wineries may also feature warehouses, bottling lines, laboratories, and large expanses of tanks known as tank farms. Wineries may have existed as long as 8,000 years ago.

Cognac

Cognac

Cognac is a variety of brandy named after the commune of Cognac, France. It is produced in the surrounding wine-growing region in the departments of Charente and Charente-Maritime.

Sugar

Sugar

Sugar is the generic name for sweet-tasting, soluble carbohydrates, many of which are used in food. Simple sugars, also called monosaccharides, include glucose, fructose, and galactose. Compound sugars, also called disaccharides or double sugars, are molecules made of two bonded monosaccharides; common examples are sucrose, lactose, and maltose. White sugar is a refined form of sucrose. In the body, compound sugars are hydrolysed into simple sugars.

Dairy

Dairy

A dairy is a place where milk is stored and where butter, cheese and other dairy products are made, or a place where those products are sold. It may be a room, a building or a larger establishment. In the United States, the word may also describe a dairy farm or the part of a mixed farm dedicated to milk for human consumption, whether from cows, buffaloes, goats, sheep, horses or camels.

Arable land

Arable land

Arable land is any land capable of being ploughed and used to grow crops. Alternatively, for the purposes of agricultural statistics, the term often has a more precise definition:Arable land is the land under temporary agricultural crops, temporary meadows for mowing or pasture, land under market and kitchen gardens and land temporarily fallow. The abandoned land resulting from shifting cultivation is not included in this category. Data for 'Arable land' are not meant to indicate the amount of land that is potentially cultivable.

Vine

Vine

A vine is any plant with a growth habit of trailing or scandent stems, lianas or runners. The word vine can also refer to such stems or runners themselves, for instance, when used in wicker work.

Wheat

Wheat

Wheat is a grass widely cultivated for its seed, a cereal grain that is a worldwide staple food. The many species of wheat together make up the genus Triticum ; the most widely grown is common wheat. The archaeological record suggests that wheat was first cultivated in the regions of the Fertile Crescent around 9600 BCE. Botanically, the wheat kernel is a type of fruit called a caryopsis.

Rapeseed

Rapeseed

Rapeseed, also known as rape, or oilseed rape, is a bright-yellow flowering member of the family Brassicaceae, cultivated mainly for its oil-rich seed, which naturally contains appreciable amounts of erucic acid. The term canola denotes a group of rapeseed cultivars which were bred to have very low levels of erucic acid and are especially prized for use as human and animal food. Rapeseed is the third-largest source of vegetable oil and the second-largest source of protein meal in the world.

Education

In Calarasi district works: 31 kindergartens, 34 schools, a multipurpose school, college and a special auxiliary school. Total number of students: in schools - 8176 students, in professional schools versatile - 269 students, college teaching "Alexandru cel Bun" 553 students.

Politics

Calarasi district in terms of political support center-right parties. AEI enjoys a major support. PCRM here usually get poor results, the last three elections is a constant fall.

During the last three elections AEI had an increase of 68.9%

Parliament elections results
Year AEI PCRM
2010 68.13% 23,517 25.81% 8,910
July 2009 63.67% 21,516 32.10% 10,849
April 2009 43.33% 13,925 43.39% 13,947

Elections

Summary of 28 November 2010 Parliament of Moldova election results in Călăraşi District
Parties and coalitions Votes % +/−
Liberal Democratic Party of Moldova 12,364 35.82 +18.23
Party of Communists of the Republic of Moldova 8,910 25.81 −6.29
Liberal Party 5,602 16.23 −3.48
Democratic Party of Moldova 4,252 12,32 +2.30
Party Alliance Our Moldova 1,299 3.76 −12.59
European Action Movement 368 1.07 +1.07
Other Party 1,736 4.99 +0.76
Total (turnout 56.08%) 34,807 100.00


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Alliance for European Integration

Alliance for European Integration

The Alliance for European Integration was a centre-right anti-communist ruling coalition in Moldova from the July 2009 election until it lost to a no confidence vote in the Parliament on February 13, 2013. It was succeeded by the anti-communist Pro-European Coalition.

Party of Communists of the Republic of Moldova

Party of Communists of the Republic of Moldova

The Party of Communists of the Republic of Moldova is a communist party in Moldova led by Vladimir Voronin. It is the only communist party to have held a majority government in the post-Soviet states. It has been variously described as communist, Moldovenist, populist, and Russophile.

2010 Moldovan parliamentary election

2010 Moldovan parliamentary election

Parliamentary elections were held in Moldova on 28 November 2010 after parliamentary vote failed to elect a President for the second time in late 2009.

July 2009 Moldovan parliamentary election

July 2009 Moldovan parliamentary election

Early parliamentary elections were held in Moldova on 29 July 2009. The Party of Communists of the Republic of Moldova (PCRM) won 48 of the 101 seats, but lost the majority they had won in the April elections.

April 2009 Moldovan parliamentary election

April 2009 Moldovan parliamentary election

Parliamentary elections were held in Moldova on 5 April 2009. The Party of Communists of the Republic of Moldova (PCRM) won a majority of seats for the third consecutive occasion. Turnout was 59%, exceeding the 50% necessary for the election to be valid.

Parliament of Moldova

Parliament of Moldova

The Parliament of the Republic of Moldova is the supreme representative body of the Republic of Moldova, the only state legislative authority, being a unicameral structure composed of 101 elected MPs on lists, for a period of 4 years. Parliament is elected by universal vote, equal directly, secret and freely expressed. The President of the Parliament of the Republic of Moldova is elected by the Parliament, with a minimum of 52 votes.

Liberal Democratic Party of Moldova

Liberal Democratic Party of Moldova

The Liberal Democratic Party of Moldova is a conservative political party in Moldova. The party is led by Tudor Deliu. Until 2016, PLDM was led by Vlad Filat, who was Prime Minister of Moldova from 2009 to 2013, in two cabinets. Immediately after the 2014 parliamentary elections, with 21 seats in the Moldovan Parliament, PLDM was the largest of the three democratic pro-European parliamentary parties.

Liberal Party (Moldova)

Liberal Party (Moldova)

Liberal Party is a conservative-liberal political party in Moldova. The president of the party is the former Mayor of Chișinău, Dorin Chirtoacă.

Culture

The district works: 37 houses and cultural centers, 42 libraries, 7 museums, three art schools. In total the district works, 103 artistic groups, including 23 as "model".

Health

The district operates: Călăraşi district hospital with 200 beds general fund, a Center of Family Physicians, 4 health centers, 27 family doctor's offices, three offices Health, 35 pharmaceutical subsidiaries.

Tourism

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Răciula

Răciula

Răciula is a commune in Călărași District, Moldova. It is composed of two villages, Parcani and Răciula.

Bahmut

Bahmut

Bahmut is a commune in Călărași District, Moldova. It is composed of two villages, Bahmut and Bahmut station.

Paleontology

Paleontology

Paleontology, also spelled palaeontology or palæontology, is the scientific study of life that existed prior to, and sometimes including, the start of the Holocene epoch. It includes the study of fossils to classify organisms and study their interactions with each other and their environments. Paleontological observations have been documented as far back as the 5th century BC. The science became established in the 18th century as a result of Georges Cuvier's work on comparative anatomy, and developed rapidly in the 19th century. The term has been used since 1822 formed from Greek παλαιός, ὄν, and λόγος.

Sanatorium

Sanatorium

A sanatorium, also sanitarium or sanitorium, are antiquated names for specialised hospitals, for the treatment of specific diseases, related ailments and convalescence. Sanatoriums are often located in a healthy climate, usually in the countryside. The idea of healing was an important reason for the historical wave of establishments of sanatoriums, especially at the end of the 19th- and early 20th centuries. One sought for instance the healing of consumptives, especially tuberculosis or alcoholism, but also of more obscure addictions and longings, of hysteria, masturbation, fatigue and emotional exhaustion. Facility operators were often charitable associations such as the Order of St. John and the newly founded social welfare insurance companies.

Hîrjauca

Hîrjauca

Hîrjauca is a commune in Călărași District, Moldova with 2,877 inhabitants. It is composed of four villages: Hîrjauca, Leordoaia, Mîndra and Palanca.

Winery

Winery

A winery is a building or property that produces wine, or a business involved in the production of wine, such as a wine company. Some wine companies own many wineries. Besides wine making equipment, larger wineries may also feature warehouses, bottling lines, laboratories, and large expanses of tanks known as tank farms. Wineries may have existed as long as 8,000 years ago.

Brandy

Brandy

Brandy is a liquor produced by distilling wine. Brandy generally contains 35–60% alcohol by volume and is typically consumed as an after-dinner digestif. Some brandies are aged in wooden casks. Others are coloured with caramel colouring to imitate the effect of ageing, and some are produced using a combination of ageing and colouring. Varieties of wine brandy can be found across the winemaking world. Among the most renowned are Cognac and Armagnac from southwestern France.

Mandra

Mandra

Mandra, is a town and former municipality in West Attica, Greece. Since the 2011 local government reform it is part of the municipality Mandra-Eidyllia, of which it is the seat and a municipal unit. The municipal unit has an area of 205.770 km2. The population of the municipal unit was 12,888 at the 2011 census.

Horodiște, Călărași

Horodiște, Călărași

Horodiște is a village in Călărași District, Moldova.

Personalities

Discover more about Personalities related topics

Iurie Colesnic

Iurie Colesnic

Iurie Colesnic is a technical literature corrector, former publishing director, literary historian, politician and writer of the Republic of Moldova.

Liberal Party (Moldova)

Liberal Party (Moldova)

Liberal Party is a conservative-liberal political party in Moldova. The president of the party is the former Mayor of Chișinău, Dorin Chirtoacă.

Mihai Petric

Mihai Petric

Mihai Petric was a Moldovan painter. He studied at the "I. Repin" National School of Fine Arts in Chişinău and at the Institute of Fine Arts in Kiev, Ukraine. He was the creator of "Road to Codru", "Dniestr at Dusk", and "White Frost".

Pavel Stratan

Pavel Stratan

Pavel Stratan is a Moldovan popular singer. His first album, Amintiri din copilărie, was released in 2002.

Folk music

Folk music

Folk music is a music genre that includes traditional folk music and the contemporary genre that evolved from the former during the 20th-century folk revival. Some types of folk music may be called world music. Traditional folk music has been defined in several ways: as music transmitted orally, music with unknown composers, music that is played on traditional instruments, music about cultural or national identity, music that changes between generations, music associated with a people's folklore, or music performed by custom over a long period of time. It has been contrasted with commercial and classical styles. The term originated in the 19th century, but folk music extends beyond that.

Andrew Rayel

Andrew Rayel

Andrei Rață, better known by his stage name Andrew Rayel, is a Moldovan producer and DJ. Initially releasing his music on Armada Music, Rayel founded the label "inHarmony Music" on 22 September 2017, where his role is label chief and head of A&R.

Sigmund Mogulesko

Sigmund Mogulesko

Sigmund Mogulesko — Yiddish: זעליק מאָגולעסקאָ Zelik Mogulesko, first name also sometimes spelled as Zigmund, Siegmund, Zelig, or Selig, last name sometimes spelled Mogulescu — was a singer, actor, and composer in the Yiddish theater in New York City. He was born in Kalarash, Bessarabia and began singing in the local synagogue choir. Before reaching adolescence, he was paid nearly three times what teachers made, to sing in the synagogue of Chişinău. Soon after moving to Bucharest, Romania, he was paid to sing in churches as well as synagogues, and started acting.

Igor Dodon

Igor Dodon

Igor Dodon is a Moldovan politician who previously served as the president of Moldova from 23 December 2016 to 24 December 2020. He currently serves as the leader of the Party of Socialists of the Republic of Moldova. He served as minister of trade and economics in the governments of Vasile Tarlev and Zinaida Greceanîi from September 2006 to September 2009 and was a member of the Parliament of Moldova from 2009 to 2016. He lost his bid for re-election in 2020 to Maia Sandu in a rematch whom he had defeated four years earlier in 2016.

Source: "Călărași District", Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, (2023, January 25th), https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Călărași_District.

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References
  1. ^ "Results of Population and Housing Census in the Republic of Moldova in 2014". National Bureau of Statistics of the Republic of Moldova. 2017. Retrieved 2017-05-01.
External links

Coordinates: 47°15′N 28°20′E / 47.250°N 28.333°E / 47.250; 28.333

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