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Boycott Russian Films

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Boycott Russian Films
Бойкот російського кіно
FormationAugust 2014 (2014-08)
FounderVidsich
TypeCivic Campaign
Location
  • Ukraine
Membership
Do not buy Russian goods!
Websitevidsich.info

Boycott Russian Films (Ukrainian: Бойкот російського кіно, Boykot rosiys'koho kino) is a Ukrainian civic campaign that supports a boycott of Russian films and television series. It is a part of a broader boycott campaign called "Do not buy Russian goods!" started by the Ukrainian social movement Vidsich.

Discover more about Boycott Russian Films related topics

Ukrainian language

Ukrainian language

Ukrainian is an East Slavic language of the Indo-European language family. It is the native language of about 40 million people and the official state language of Ukraine in Eastern Europe. Written Ukrainian uses the Ukrainian alphabet, a variant of the Cyrillic script. The standard Ukrainian language is regulated by the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, the Ukrainian language-information fund, and Potebnia Institute of Linguistics. Comparisons are often drawn to Russian, a prominent Slavic language, but there is more mutual intelligibility with Belarusian, Ukrainian's closest relative.

Ukraine

Ukraine

Ukraine is a country in Eastern Europe. It is the second-largest European country after Russia, which it borders to the east and northeast. Ukraine covers approximately 600,000 square kilometres (230,000 sq mi). Prior to the ongoing Russo-Ukrainian War, it was the eighth-most populous country in Europe, with a population of around 41 million people. It is also bordered by Belarus to the north; by Poland, Slovakia, and Hungary to the west; and by Romania and Moldova to the southwest; with a coastline along the Black Sea and the Sea of Azov to the south and southeast. Kyiv is the nation's capital and largest city. Ukraine's official and national language is Ukrainian; most people are also fluent in Russian.

Boycott

Boycott

A boycott is an act of nonviolent, voluntary abstention from a product, person, organization, or country as an expression of protest. It is usually for moral, social, political, or environmental reasons. The purpose of a boycott is to inflict some economic loss on the target, or to indicate a moral outrage, to try to compel the target to alter an objectionable behavior.

Cinema of Russia

Cinema of Russia

The cinema of Russia began in the Russian Empire, widely developed in the Soviet Union and in the years following its dissolution, the Russian film industry would remain internationally recognized. In the 21st century, Russian cinema has become known internationally with films such as Hardcore Henry (2015), Leviathan (2014), Night Watch (2004) and Brother (1997). The Moscow International Film Festival began in Moscow in 1935. The Nika Award is the main annual national film award in Russia. The 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine has impacted Russian cinema, as it became subjected to a number of boycotts and bans.

Do not buy Russian goods!

Do not buy Russian goods!

"Do not buy Russian goods!" or "Boycott Russian goods!" is a nonviolent resistance campaign to boycott Russian commerce in Ukraine. The protest started on 14 August 2013 as a reaction to a Russian Federation trade embargo against Ukraine. It was organized by Vidsich on social media. The campaign expanded to mass distribution of leaflets, posters, and stickers in over 45 cities and towns. Having faded by the beginning of the Euromaidan demonstrations in November 2013, it was renewed on 2 March 2014, during the Crimean crisis and the Russo-Ukrainian War.

Vidsich

Vidsich

The сivic movement "Vidsich" is an active Ukrainian nonviolent social movement created in 2010 as a reaction to the policies of then President of Ukraine Victor Yanukovych and his "pro-Russian" tendencies connected with his administration. During his administration, Vidsich focused on protesting against Yanukovych’s increasing authoritarianism as well as the policies his government enacted. During Euromaidan, Vidsich became one of the movement’s leading groups.

Causes

The campaign arose as a reaction to the occupation, military actions and mercenaries by the Russian Federation against Ukraine in 2014. The dominance of Russian TV on the Ukrainian television, as well as the anti-Ukrainian sentiment and anti-Ukrainian propaganda, the praising of Russian security forces and secret police, all led to the boycott of the Russian TV and films movement.[1]

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Ukraine

Ukraine

Ukraine is a country in Eastern Europe. It is the second-largest European country after Russia, which it borders to the east and northeast. Ukraine covers approximately 600,000 square kilometres (230,000 sq mi). Prior to the ongoing Russo-Ukrainian War, it was the eighth-most populous country in Europe, with a population of around 41 million people. It is also bordered by Belarus to the north; by Poland, Slovakia, and Hungary to the west; and by Romania and Moldova to the southwest; with a coastline along the Black Sea and the Sea of Azov to the south and southeast. Kyiv is the nation's capital and largest city. Ukraine's official and national language is Ukrainian; most people are also fluent in Russian.

Anti-Ukrainian sentiment

Anti-Ukrainian sentiment

Anti-Ukrainian sentiment, Ukrainophobia or anti-Ukrainianism is animosity towards Ukrainians, Ukrainian culture, the Ukrainian language, Ukraine as a nation, or all of the above.

Propaganda

Propaganda

Propaganda is communication that is primarily used to influence or persuade an audience to further an agenda, which may not be objective and may be selectively presenting facts to encourage a particular synthesis or perception, or using loaded language to produce an emotional rather than a rational response to the information that is being presented. Propaganda can be found in news and journalism, government, advertising, entertainment, education, and activism and is often associated with material which is prepared by governments as part of war efforts, political campaigns, health campaigns, revolutionaries, big businesses, ultra-religious organizations, the media, and certain individuals such as soapboxers.

Secret police

Secret police

Secret police are intelligence, security or police agencies that engage in covert operations against a government's political, religious, or social opponents and dissidents. Secret police organizations are characteristic of authoritarian and totalitarian regimes. They protect the political power of a dictator or regime and often operate outside the law to repress dissidents and weaken political opposition, frequently using violence.

Goal

The goal of the activists is to significantly limit Russian content shown on Ukrainian television and in movie theaters of Ukraine.[1][2][3]

Prerequisites

In March 2014, the statement was publicized, in which many Russian artists, including those associated with the film industry, with their signatures, expressed support for the Russian President Vladimir Putin, in particular for the annexation of the Crimea and military actions in eastern Ukraine.[4]

In March 2014, with the restoration of the campaign "Do not buy Russian goods!", civic activists together with some politicians reached out to the public for a boycott of Russian TV series and overall television.[5]

The first notable case of the boycott of the Russian cinema was announced on 11 April 2014 when some movie theaters in Kyiv, Lviv and Odesa announced that they will no longer show Russian films.[6]

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Vladimir Putin

Vladimir Putin

Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin is a Russian politician and former intelligence officer who has served as the president of Russia since 2012, having previously served between 2000 and 2008. He was the prime minister of Russia from 1999 to 2000 and again from 2008 to 2012, thus having served continuously as either president or prime minister from 1999 onwards.

Annexation of Crimea by the Russian Federation

Annexation of Crimea by the Russian Federation

In February and March 2014, Russia invaded and subsequently annexed the Crimean Peninsula from Ukraine. This event took place in the aftermath of the Revolution of Dignity and is part of the wider Russo-Ukrainian War.

War in Donbas (2014–2022)

War in Donbas (2014–2022)

The War in Donbas was an armed conflict in the Donbas region of Ukraine, part of the broader Russo-Ukrainian War. In March 2014, immediately following the Euromaidan protest movement and subsequent Revolution of Dignity, protests by pro-Russian, anti-government separatist groups arose in the Donetsk and Luhansk oblasts of Ukraine, collectively called the Donbas. These demonstrations began around the same time as Russia's annexation of Crimea, and were part of wider pro-Russian protests across southern and eastern Ukraine. Declaring the Donetsk and Luhansk People's Republics, armed Russian-backed separatist groups seized government buildings throughout the Donbas, leading to armed conflict with Ukrainian government forces.

Do not buy Russian goods!

Do not buy Russian goods!

"Do not buy Russian goods!" or "Boycott Russian goods!" is a nonviolent resistance campaign to boycott Russian commerce in Ukraine. The protest started on 14 August 2013 as a reaction to a Russian Federation trade embargo against Ukraine. It was organized by Vidsich on social media. The campaign expanded to mass distribution of leaflets, posters, and stickers in over 45 cities and towns. Having faded by the beginning of the Euromaidan demonstrations in November 2013, it was renewed on 2 March 2014, during the Crimean crisis and the Russo-Ukrainian War.

Movie theater

Movie theater

A movie theater, cinema, or cinema hall, also known as a movie house, picture house, the movies, the pictures, picture theater, the silver screen, the big screen, or simply theater is a building that contains auditoria for viewing films for entertainment. Most, but not all, movie theaters are commercial operations catering to the general public, who attend by purchasing a ticket. Some movie theaters, however, are operated by non-profit organizations or societies that charge members a membership fee to view films.

Kyiv

Kyiv

Kyiv, also spelled Kiev, is the capital and most populous city of Ukraine. It is in north-central Ukraine along the Dnieper River. As of 1 January 2021, its population was 2,962,180, making Kyiv the seventh-most populous city in Europe.

Lviv

Lviv

Lviv is the largest city in Western Ukraine, and the seventh-largest in Ukraine, with a population of 717,510. It serves as the administrative centre of Lviv Oblast and Lviv Raion, and is one of the main cultural centres of Ukraine. It was named in honour of Leo, the eldest son of Daniel, King of Ruthenia.

Odesa

Odesa

Odesa is the third most populous city and municipality in Ukraine and a major seaport and transport hub located in the south-west of the country, on the northwestern shore of the Black Sea. The city is also the administrative centre of the Odesa Raion and Odesa Oblast, as well as a multiethnic cultural centre. The population in 2021 was 1,015,826

Course of events

Campaign poster
Campaign poster

In late August, 2014, activists of the Civil Movement "Vidsich" as a part of the campaign "Do not buy Russian goods!" launch a campaign to boycott Russian films and TV series. The Internet exploded with official pages and people massively started distributing messages, pictures, etc. urging not to watch Russian films.[1][2]

On 27 August 2014, activists struck Ukrainian TV channel ICTV. The demand of the protesters was to remove Russian TV series off the air.[7]

On 4 September 2014 at the State Agency of Ukraine for Cinema in Kyiv, activists held a theatrical protest "Will not let vata in our homes" ("vata" (English: wadding, Ukrainian: вата, Russian: вата) originated from the word "vatnik" which people began using in 2011 to describe pro-Russian bullies who prefer vodka over freedom, slavery over democracy, and hate United States and everything that is not Russian), during which they showed a disapproval of the dominance of Russian TV products on Ukrainian television. Young protesters demanded to establish a strict control over the content of Russian films and clean Ukrainian media space of the films that harm the national interests of Ukraine. According to the activists, Russian movies and series carry hidden anti-Ukrainian propaganda, in particular humiliating Ukrainians and exalt the idea of the "Russian World" (Ukrainian: "Російський світ", Russian: "Русский мир"), Russian armed forces and such. In addition, activists point out that the majority of the profits from the selling the rights to show movies goes to Russia.[8][9][10]

Starting from September 2014, mainly in Kyiv, activists organize actions against the presence of Russian films and serials on Ukrainian television at the National Council for Television and Radio Broadcasting[11][12] and the central offices of Ukrainian TV channels.[13][14] The protests also address the shooting of the Russian serials in Ukraine[15] and so on.

Performance at the National Council for TV and Radio
Performance at the National Council for TV and Radio

On 3 December 2014 in Kyiv at the National Council for Radio and Television, "Vidsich" activists held a theatrical protest whose purpose was to express the necessity to prohibit Russian movies, series, shows and other content on Ukrainian television. According to activists, the zombies at the protest portrayed ordinary viewers who have become "victims" of Russian propaganda and followers of the "Russian world".[16][17][18] The National Council pledged to work on new legislation to combat Russian propaganda.[19][20]

On 11 December 2014 activists picketed the head office of TV channel "Inter" in Kyiv. During the action "Do not kill our defenders with Russian propaganda!" Young people glued the main entrance with photographs of Ukrainian dead soldiers in the 2014 Russian military intervention in Ukraine. According to activists, "Inter" ranked 2nd among channels showing content of Russian origin. Protesters emphasised that Russian films and serials glorifying Russian security forces at the time of war is unacceptable.[21][22]

On 22 December 2014 "Vidsich" movement activists near the Presidential Administration of Ukraine demanded the complete banning of Russian films for the duration of the war, except those, which have "The Oscars" or "Palme d'Or" awards and have not any propaganda.[3][23] Young people announced that an amount of Russian content on Ukrainian TV is increasing.[24] Activists gave petitions and propositions to administration representatives, addressed to the President of Ukraine Petro Poroshenko, and made a performance near the building. During it bloody zombies with sham machine guns and ribbons of Saint George demanded retrieval of Russian films in which Mikhail Porechenkov and Ivan Okhlobystin acted.[25][26]

From 29 December 2014 activists picketed a screening of the Russian films in Kyiv's movie theaters. Activists combined the pickets with another performance of "Russian goods kills!" flash mobs, which they made for "Do not buy Russian goods!" campaign. Pickets were to shows the film "Fir-trees 1914" (Russian: "Ёлки 1914") on 29 December[27][28] and 4 January 2015.[29][30][31]

From 31 December 2014 to 1 January 2015 during celebration of New Year this channel broadcast a New Year show "Wait for me in the New Year" (Russian: «Жди меня в Новый год») with Russian stars who have supported occupation of Crimea by Russia (Joseph Kobzon, Oleg Gazmanov, Valeriya, etc.). This event immediately caused a burst of resentment in Ukrainian blogosphere[32] and social network.[33][34] On 1 January a number of Ukrainian high-ranked officials, politicians and cultural workers have reacted.[35][36][37] "1+1" TV channel was also criticised for the New Year's Eve content as the channel televised the "80th Disco" programme with Oleg Gazmanov participating.[38]

On 27 January 2015 "Vidsich" activists near the National Council for Television and Radio Broadcasting of Ukraine held an action "TV screen are full of wadding - National Council does not care!" Young people wrapped the building facade in wadding (construction wool) and wrote pretensions to the Council. Activists claimed they are not satisfied with the head of institution Yuriy Artemenko, his deputy Olga Gerasimyuk and the activity of National Council in general. This was substantiated by absence of any actions against "Inter" and other TV channels for their violations, particularly violation of regulation about compulsory 50% of Ukrainian content in broadcasting.[39][40][41] After this National Council have appointed consideration of compliance with quotas by TV and radio channels of Ukraine on its conference on 12 February.[42]

On 2 March 2015 activists of "Vidsich" and other activists held an action "While government protracts, Ukrainian blood effuses" near Verkhovna Rada. They demanded that parliament chairman Volodymyr Groysman signed the law #1317 "About changes to several laws of Ukraine for the protection of informational TV-Radio space of Ukraine" which have to considerably limit amounts of Russian TV-product in Ukrainian television. The law was adopted in the first reading on 5 February, but it was still not signed on the day the action happened.[43][44] Earlier activists published petition to the chairman of Verkhovna Rada which was signed by many public organizations of Ukraine.[45][46]

In March 2015 Ukrainian rock-group "Kozak System" released a music video named "Нахуй маніфест" (English: Fuck off manifest) in which musicians expressed their attitude to Russian invaders and called for boycott of Russian goods in unusual way. In song lyrics there are negative statements particularly against common TV audience of Ukraine and Russia; against certain Russian art workers known for their antiukrainian statements; against some Russian and Soviet films and serials, etc. In clip used simbol of "Do not buy Russian goods!" campaign.[47]

On 17 March 2015 in Kyiv activists held a theatrical action near Verkhovna Rada demanding that Volodymyr Groysman, the head of it signed law-project #1317. Young people claimed that the speaker of parliament violated terms of signing described in regulations. During the action activists dressed and acting like zombied demanded that Groysman don't sign the document.[48][49][50] The next day members of parliament did not support the resolution of rejecting this law. After this Groysman sign law-project #1317.[51][52]

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Vidsich

Vidsich

The сivic movement "Vidsich" is an active Ukrainian nonviolent social movement created in 2010 as a reaction to the policies of then President of Ukraine Victor Yanukovych and his "pro-Russian" tendencies connected with his administration. During his administration, Vidsich focused on protesting against Yanukovych’s increasing authoritarianism as well as the policies his government enacted. During Euromaidan, Vidsich became one of the movement’s leading groups.

Do not buy Russian goods!

Do not buy Russian goods!

"Do not buy Russian goods!" or "Boycott Russian goods!" is a nonviolent resistance campaign to boycott Russian commerce in Ukraine. The protest started on 14 August 2013 as a reaction to a Russian Federation trade embargo against Ukraine. It was organized by Vidsich on social media. The campaign expanded to mass distribution of leaflets, posters, and stickers in over 45 cities and towns. Having faded by the beginning of the Euromaidan demonstrations in November 2013, it was renewed on 2 March 2014, during the Crimean crisis and the Russo-Ukrainian War.

ICTV (Ukraine)

ICTV (Ukraine)

ICTV is a privately held TV channel in Ukraine. Its coverage area allows it to be received by 56.6% of the Ukrainian population, making the channel the fourth in the nation in terms of coverage, and third by the viewers' ratings.

Ukrainian language

Ukrainian language

Ukrainian is an East Slavic language of the Indo-European language family. It is the native language of about 40 million people and the official state language of Ukraine in Eastern Europe. Written Ukrainian uses the Ukrainian alphabet, a variant of the Cyrillic script. The standard Ukrainian language is regulated by the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, the Ukrainian language-information fund, and Potebnia Institute of Linguistics. Comparisons are often drawn to Russian, a prominent Slavic language, but there is more mutual intelligibility with Belarusian, Ukrainian's closest relative.

Russian language

Russian language

Russian is an East Slavic language mainly spoken across Russia. It is the native language of the Russians, and belongs to the Indo-European language family. It is one of four living East Slavic languages, and is also a part of the larger Balto-Slavic languages. Besides Russia itself, Russian is an official language in Belarus, Kazakhstan, and Kyrgyzstan, and is used widely as a lingua franca throughout Ukraine, the Caucasus, Central Asia, and to some extent in the Baltic states. It was the de facto language of the former Soviet Union, and continues to be used in public life with varying proficiency in all of the post-Soviet states.

Freedom

Freedom

Freedom is understood as either having the ability to act or change without constraint or to possess the power and resources to fulfill one's purposes unhindered. Freedom is often associated with liberty and autonomy in the sense of "giving oneself their own laws", and with having rights and the civil liberties with which to exercise them without undue interference by the state. Frequently discussed kinds of political freedom include freedom of assembly, freedom of association, freedom of choice, and freedom of speech.

Democracy

Democracy

Democracy is a form of government in which the people have the authority to deliberate and decide legislation, or to choose governing officials to do so. Who is considered part of "the people" and how authority is shared among or delegated by the people has changed over time and at different rates in different countries, but over time more and more of a democratic country's inhabitants have generally been included. Cornerstones of democracy include freedom of assembly, association, property rights, freedom of religion and speech, inclusiveness and equality, citizenship, consent of the governed, voting rights, freedom from unwarranted governmental deprivation of the right to life and liberty, and minority rights.

United States

United States

The United States of America, commonly known as the United States or informally America, is a country in North America. It consists of 50 states, a federal district, five major unincorporated territories, nine Minor Outlying Islands, and 326 Indian reservations. It is the third-largest country by both land and total area. The United States shares land borders with Canada to its north and with Mexico to its south. It has maritime borders with the Bahamas, Cuba, Russia, and other nations. With a population of over 331 million, it is the third most populous country in the world. The national capital is Washington, D.C., and the most populous city and financial center is New York City.

Anti-Ukrainian sentiment

Anti-Ukrainian sentiment

Anti-Ukrainian sentiment, Ukrainophobia or anti-Ukrainianism is animosity towards Ukrainians, Ukrainian culture, the Ukrainian language, Ukraine as a nation, or all of the above.

Propaganda

Propaganda

Propaganda is communication that is primarily used to influence or persuade an audience to further an agenda, which may not be objective and may be selectively presenting facts to encourage a particular synthesis or perception, or using loaded language to produce an emotional rather than a rational response to the information that is being presented. Propaganda can be found in news and journalism, government, advertising, entertainment, education, and activism and is often associated with material which is prepared by governments as part of war efforts, political campaigns, health campaigns, revolutionaries, big businesses, ultra-religious organizations, the media, and certain individuals such as soapboxers.

Kyiv

Kyiv

Kyiv, also spelled Kiev, is the capital and most populous city of Ukraine. It is in north-central Ukraine along the Dnieper River. As of 1 January 2021, its population was 2,962,180, making Kyiv the seventh-most populous city in Europe.

Cinema of Russia

Cinema of Russia

The cinema of Russia began in the Russian Empire, widely developed in the Soviet Union and in the years following its dissolution, the Russian film industry would remain internationally recognized. In the 21st century, Russian cinema has become known internationally with films such as Hardcore Henry (2015), Leviathan (2014), Night Watch (2004) and Brother (1997). The Moscow International Film Festival began in Moscow in 1935. The Nika Award is the main annual national film award in Russia. The 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine has impacted Russian cinema, as it became subjected to a number of boycotts and bans.

Investigation

Origin content

The first week in September 2014, activists monitored Ukrainian television. According to them, the 10 leading Ukrainian TV channels ("Ukrayina", "ICTV", "NTN", "Novyi Kanal", "Inter", "STB", "2+2", "TET", "K1", "1+1") for these days 71 Russian film or TV series were shown. The activists concluded that Russian "cinema" dominates in the Ukrainian television.[53] According to the participants in the initiative, the content was mostly of a very poor quality and often contained hostile Russian propaganda.[2][7]

The second week in September 2014, activists held another monitor of the 10 leading Ukrainian TV channels. According to the participants of the campaign, some Russian television has more than a half of the air speaking time. TV shows Russian at least 1/6 of the day. On average, one channel demonstrates more than 7.5 hours of TV-Russian.[54]

On 27 September 2014, activists monitored Ukrainian TV channels. According to them, the Russian content on the TV holds 40%. Activists noted that over the previous monitoring volumes of Russian air content increased. The largest Russian content broadcasting channel "Ukrayina" — contains 87% of the total broadcasting time. Next in the ranking — the TV channel "NTN" (71%), "Inter" (67%), "ICTV" (43%), "2+2" (42%). Separately, activists have noted the Russian contents. A significant part of the series consists of "heroic" employees of Russian and Soviet military and secret police.[55][56]

From 27 October – 2 November 2014 activists counted in the program of the top-ten Ukrainian TV channels 68 Russian films and serials (excluding the Soviet cinema, Russian shows and cartoons).[57]

On 1–7 December 2014 activists of the campaign monitored 10 Ukrainian TV channels for the amount of Russian content. According to their results, the volume of Russian TV comparing to the monitoring conducted on 8–14 September only increased. Activists, particularly distinguished those channels which already showed most Russian content — channel "Ukrayina" has increased volumes of Russian content from 12:45 to 15:15 daily (some days — to more than 20 hours a day), the channel "Inter" — from 11:15 to 13:15. The third place took channel "NTN" that showed Russian content more than the 12 hours a daily.[58]

On 5–11 December 2015 activists of "Boycott Russian Films" campaign have conducted a monitoring. Its results show that "Ukrayina" and "Inter" TV channels violates legal requirement of 50% of national content in broadcasting (article 9 of Law Of Ukraine "About television and radiobroadcasting"). Activists found out there is 16% of Ukrainian content on "Ukrayina" and 17% on "Inter" channels.[59][60]

Languages of content

On 1 October 2014, activists, based on the data collected on 27 September, released the monitoring statistics on the language of the content of Ukrainian TV channels. According to them, Ukrainian language content hold only 29%, exclusively Russian-speaking — 39.3%, Russian-Ukrainian with subtitles — 23.5%, bilingual (Ukrainian and Russian) — 8.2%.[61]

Televiewers and ordinary people

In December 2014 "Telekrytyka" published sociological research, made with assistance of "Kyiv International Institute of Sociology". According to it 60.9% residents of Ukraine did not watch Russian serials recently. Researchers remark that Ukrainians feel necessity of strengthening of informational policy. They are ready to support different steps, which could strengthen informational safety of Ukraine, mainly through the limiting of broadcasting of Russian TV Channels. But there are supporters of Russian serials in all regions, as among men, as among women, among people of different age and level of education.[62]

Discover more about Investigation related topics

ICTV (Ukraine)

ICTV (Ukraine)

ICTV is a privately held TV channel in Ukraine. Its coverage area allows it to be received by 56.6% of the Ukrainian population, making the channel the fourth in the nation in terms of coverage, and third by the viewers' ratings.

Novyi Kanal

Novyi Kanal

Novyi Kanal is a Ukrainian television channel. The channel is a part of the Starlight Media broadcasting group, created by Viktor Pinchuk.

Inter (TV channel)

Inter (TV channel)

Inter is a Ukrainian television channel. It covers 99.7 percent of Ukraine's territory. According to Kyiv Post it is among the most-watched television channels in Ukraine.

STB (TV channel)

STB (TV channel)

STB is a Ukrainian commercial television network. Today, the coverage area of the network is 85% of Ukraine's territory. It is broadcast in all Oblast centers and all Ukrainian cities with a population greater than 50,000. It occupies the 1st place in the list of the leading TV networks in Ukraine.

2+2 (TV channel)

2+2 (TV channel)

2+2 is a national Ukrainian-language TV channel, owned by the 1+1 Media Group. Its program content is mainly aimed at a male audience, targeting a core age group of 25–44.

TET (TV channel)

TET (TV channel)

TET is a Ukrainian-language national entertainment TV channel broadcasting in Ukraine. It is part of the large 1+1 Media Group, and broadcasts to more than 100 cities in Ukraine, with a technical penetration of  92.4%. The target audience of the channel is 8–40 years old.

Cinema of the Soviet Union

Cinema of the Soviet Union

The cinema of the Soviet Union includes films produced by the constituent republics of the Soviet Union reflecting elements of their pre-Soviet culture, language and history, albeit they were all regulated by the central government in Moscow. Most prolific in their republican films, after the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic, were Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Ukraine, and, to a lesser degree, Lithuania, Belarus and Moldavia. At the same time, the nation's film industry, which was fully nationalized throughout most of the country's history, was guided by philosophies and laws propounded by the monopoly Soviet Communist Party which introduced a new view on the cinema, socialist realism, which was different from the one before or after the existence of the Soviet Union.

Cartoon

Cartoon

A cartoon is a type of visual art that is typically drawn, frequently animated, in an unrealistic or semi-realistic style. The specific meaning has evolved over time, but the modern usage usually refers to either: an image or series of images intended for satire, caricature, or humor; or a motion picture that relies on a sequence of illustrations for its animation. Someone who creates cartoons in the first sense is called a cartoonist, and in the second sense they are usually called an animator.

Ukrainian language

Ukrainian language

Ukrainian is an East Slavic language of the Indo-European language family. It is the native language of about 40 million people and the official state language of Ukraine in Eastern Europe. Written Ukrainian uses the Ukrainian alphabet, a variant of the Cyrillic script. The standard Ukrainian language is regulated by the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, the Ukrainian language-information fund, and Potebnia Institute of Linguistics. Comparisons are often drawn to Russian, a prominent Slavic language, but there is more mutual intelligibility with Belarusian, Ukrainian's closest relative.

Russian language

Russian language

Russian is an East Slavic language mainly spoken across Russia. It is the native language of the Russians, and belongs to the Indo-European language family. It is one of four living East Slavic languages, and is also a part of the larger Balto-Slavic languages. Besides Russia itself, Russian is an official language in Belarus, Kazakhstan, and Kyrgyzstan, and is used widely as a lingua franca throughout Ukraine, the Caucasus, Central Asia, and to some extent in the Baltic states. It was the de facto language of the former Soviet Union, and continues to be used in public life with varying proficiency in all of the post-Soviet states.

Reactions

Artists, experts and the public

  • In mid-September 2014, Ukrainian writer Oksana Zabuzhko spoke out about enormous amount of Russian TV on Ukrainian television: "...the situation is schizophrenic: on the one hand there is bloodshed, people die, whether they are Russian or Ukrainian speaking or a mix of both, no difference, those who identify themselves as Ukrainians are dying. And at the same time, only in the first week of September, 10 Ukrainian channels showed 71 Russian TV series, including "Liquidation", where security officers kill banderivetses."[63][64][65]
  • On 3 October 2014, Ukrainian writer Andriy Kokotyukha stated that he believes that Russia's series of "cops", "NKVD" and "special forces" continue to be on Ukrainian television because "they have nothing to replace it with."[66]
  • In October 2014, volunteer battalion commander Yuriy Bereza ("Dnipro-1"), Semen Semenchenko ("Donbass") and Andriy Teteruk ("Myrotvorets") addressed an open letter to the President of Ukraine Petro Poroshenko to stop the "broadcast of Russian propaganda in the form of media product, including series, movies, entertainment, where the enemy is being idealized and depicted."[67]
  • In October 2014, Ukrainian political analyst Volodymyr Fesenko said that the ban on Russian TV series is a very dangerous step. The expert considers it as inappropriate and untimely to be showing series of Russian paratroopers, but notes that we cannot "rush to extremes": "I do not support the ban. It's one thing when there is a direct manifestation of the information warfare being waged through news blocks. They are leading an aggressive propaganda, and I understand, as a temporary measure, to ban those channels that lead this informational war. As for the series, we can get too far. The next stage may be — to ban all Russian goods. And weather we like it or not, half of the population are either ethnic Russians, or people who have family ties, ethnically, culturally related to the Russian tradition. So we should trim it? It would not be quite right."[68]
  • Film director, Ihor Savychenko, founder of "Cinema Directory" (Ukrainian: "Директорія кіно"), in December 2014 stated that the government prohibiting Russian products should substitute it with an alternative. Instead, he said, the state's funding for film production only decreases. "If the state prohibits something, it should know that what's destroys a large part of the market, destroys the whole industry. You must give something back. Give money to the film industry, so we don't have to leave the country and could carry on with our work. Until 2012, we lived of Russian serials and movies being shot in Ukraine. Since 2013, when the fund "Derzhkino" [Ukrainian State Film Agency] was founded, we began shooting our own films and series. Now this balance is disturbed."[69]

Political authority in Ukraine

Parliament

On 20 October 2014, to the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine was proposed a bill #5036[70] on Amendments to the Law "On Television and Radio" to protect the interests of the state on the proposal of deputy Mykola Tomenko. The document called for ban on TV broadcasting of audiovisual works, among which the main characters are law enforcement officers, armed forces, special services of the Russian Federation and/or the USSR, and/or Russian Empire (other than audiovisual works of Soviet production, which were developed to August 1991) and those "who glorified the invaders of Ukraine."[71] However, the bill did not receive the required number of votes.[72]

On 9 December 2014, in the Parliament of Ukraine, MP's Mykola Knyazhytsky and Vadym Denisenko, registered a draft law amending some laws of Ukraine in regards to television and radio space information protection of Ukraine #1317. The document proposed to amend the Law of Ukraine "On Cinematography", mainly—add Article 15-1 "Distribution and demonstration of films, which contains some of the popularization of occupier's authorities and values of criminal subculture" and "On Television and Radio". According to the article, any distribution (showing on air) in Ukraine of any films (audiovisual works), which contains popularization, agitation, propaganda, and any action of law enforcement agencies, armed forces and other armed, military or security forces of an occupier is strictly prohibited.[73][74]

On 13 January 2015, Parliament of Ukraine accepted the law by 240 votes adopted on first reading.[75]

After adopting a law-project in the first reading in Verkhovna Rada, law-projects of Andriy Levus [76] and Viktoria Siumar were introduced.

Several alternative or related bills were appeared after adopting the bill #1317 in the first reading by Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine. There were: the bill #1768 (on the proposal of Andriy Levus, Serhiy Vysotskyi ta Mykola Velychkovych),[77][78] #1824[79] and #1889[80] (on the proposal of Viktoria Siumar in particular).[81]

On 5 February, parliament adopted law-project #1317 on the second reading by 259 votes. The amendment by Radical Party was adopted, according to which all films and serials made in Russian Federation after 1 August 1991 must be banned.[82] However, after the vote different interpretations were appeared of what amendment had been included.[52][83]

On 6 February 2015, MP's from the "Opposition Bloc" Yuriy Boyko and Mykhaylo Papiyev submitted a draft resolution #1317-P.[84] This resolution was to cancel Law #1317. Members of the coalition claimed that in this way opposition delayed final approval of the bill #1317, because they did not appear to the committee, where their bill #1317-P should be considered.[85]

On 18 March 2015, draft resolution #1317-P was rejected,[86] then and after actions of activists,[52] Volodymyr Groysman signed the bill.

On 19 March 2015, "Telekrytyka" published the text of the bill #1317, which supposedly was signed by Volodymyr Groysman. Text was provided to journalists by the head of the Parliamentary Committee for Culture and Spirituality, co-author of the document Mykola Knyazhytsky. In the bill an amendment to ban all films made in Russia after 1 August 1991 was not included.[87]

On 2 April 2015, President of Ukraine Petro Poroshenko signed a bill #1317.[88] On 6 April, it was posted on the website of Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine as the Law #159-VIII of 5 April 2015. The document has come into force on 4 June 2015.[89]

State Agency of Ukraine for Cinema

In October 2014, the State Agency of Ukraine for Cinema ("Derzhkino") forbidden to display Russian series dedicated to Russia's security services. According to the president of the agency, Pylyp Illyenko, the decision was made due to the recent events in Ukraine and "it would be inhuman to show Russian films, which is outright propaganda, like the glorification of power structures in and of itself on Ukrainian TV."[90] Later, after the scandal and public protests,[91] the department also prohibits movies with Mikhail Porechenkov,[92][93] and calls on leaders of television and the media to censor his appearance on the air as well as Joseph Kobzon, Ivan Okhlobystin, Mikhail Zadornov and other Russian artists for their anti-Ukrainian statements and actions.[94][95] On 9 December, "Derzhkino" banned 71st film and series featuring Russian actor and screenwriter, Ivan Okhlobystin.[96][97] In December, "Derzhkino" also promised support for those channels boycotting Russian content[98] and prohibited to show 4 more Russian films.[99] On 5 February 2015, "Derzhkino" have banned another 20 Russian films and serials.[100]

National Council of Radio and Television

The head of the National Council of Radio and Television, Yuriy Artemenko, after public protests, said that it would be more suitable for the channels themselves to ban movies and series with Porechenkov and Okhlobystin in them. "Perhaps the situation with the prohibition of movies with Okhlobystin and Porechenkov will make the channels to come out with some kind of initiative proposal, with some policies regarding not all Russian TV series, but only those that cause the least surprise" — the official said.[101] In December 2014 first deputy head of the Council Olha Herasymyuk said that certain Russian films are used as a mean of propaganda that is why they have to be banned. Also, according to her words, Ukrainian TV-channels plan to buy less Russian serials than previous year, but anyway the purchase will remain massive.[102]

Discover more about Reactions related topics

Oksana Zabuzhko

Oksana Zabuzhko

Oksana Stefanivna Zabuzhko is a Ukrainian novelist, poet, and essayist. Her works have been translated into several languages. She has been accused of relativising the Volhynian Massacre

Liquidation (miniseries)

Liquidation (miniseries)

Liquidation (2007) is a highly popular Russian television series, which parallels the famous The Meeting Place Cannot Be Changed with notable ethical shift. In the "Meeting Place", chief of criminal investigations Gleb Zheglov had a modus operandi "Thief must go to prison, no matter how I put him there".

NKVD

NKVD

The People's Commissariat for Internal Affairs, abbreviated NKVD, was the interior ministry of the Soviet Union.

Special forces

Special forces

Special forces and special operations forces (SOF) are military units trained to conduct special operations. NATO has defined special operations as "military activities conducted by specially designated, organized, selected, trained and equipped forces using unconventional techniques and modes of employment".

Semen Semenchenko

Semen Semenchenko

Semen Ihorovych Semenchenko is a former deputy to the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine, First Deputy Chairperson of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine Committee on National Security and Defence and the commander-founder of the volunteer territorial defence battalion "Donbas", based in Donetsk. He was a deputy of the Verkhovna Rada from 2014 to 2019.

Donbas Battalion

Donbas Battalion

The 2nd Battalion of Special Assignment "Donbas" is a unit of the National Guard of Ukraine subordinated to the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Ukraine and based in Severodonetsk. Originally created in 2014 as a volunteer unit called the Donbas Battalion by Semen Semenchenko following the Russian occupation of Crimea and possible invasion of continental Ukraine. The formation of the unit started in the spring of 2014 during the 2014 pro-Russian unrest in Ukraine. The unit was initially formed as an independent force, but has been since fully integrated into the National Guard as the 2nd Special Purpose Battalion "Donbas" within the 15th Regiment of the National Guard.

President of Ukraine

President of Ukraine

The president of Ukraine is the head of state of Ukraine. The president represents the nation in international relations, administers the foreign political activity of the state, conducts negotiations and concludes international treaties. The president is directly elected by the citizens of Ukraine for a five-year term of office, limited to two terms consecutively.

Petro Poroshenko

Petro Poroshenko

Petro Oleksiyovych Poroshenko is a Ukrainian businessman and politician who served as the fifth president of Ukraine from 2014 to 2019. Poroshenko served as the Minister of Foreign Affairs from 2009 to 2010, and as the Minister of Trade and Economic Development in 2012. From 2007 until 2012, he headed the Council of Ukraine's National Bank. He was elected president on 25 May 2014, receiving 54.7% of the votes cast in the first round, thus winning outright and avoiding a run-off. During his presidency, Poroshenko led the country through the first phase of the War in Donbas, pushing the Russian separatist forces into the Donbas Region. He began the process of integration with the European Union by signing the European Union–Ukraine Association Agreement.

Information warfare

Information warfare

Information warfare (IW) is a concept involving the battlespace use and management of information and communication technology (ICT) in pursuit of a competitive advantage over an opponent. Information warfare is the manipulation of information trusted by a target without the target's awareness so that the target will make decisions against their interest but in the interest of the one conducting information warfare. As a result, it is not clear when information warfare begins, ends, and how strong or destructive it is. Information warfare may involve the collection of tactical information, assurance(s) that one's information is valid, spreading of propaganda or disinformation to demoralize or manipulate the enemy and the public, undermining the quality of the opposing force's information and denial of information-collection opportunities to opposing forces. Information warfare is closely linked to psychological warfare.

Ukrainian State Film Agency

Ukrainian State Film Agency

The Ukrainian State Film Agency, known in short as Derzhkino, is the central executive body of cinematography in Ukraine. It was created in 2011.

Mykola Tomenko

Mykola Tomenko

Mykola Volodymyrovych Tomenko is a Ukrainian politician. He has been a member of Ukraine's parliament, the Verkhovna Rada from 2006 until 2016. In 2014, Tomenko became a member of the Petro Poroshenko Bloc, which elected him to the 8th Ukrainian Verkhovna Rada on its party lists during the 2014 parliamentary election. On 25 March 2016 the party Congress of Petro Poroshenko Bloc removed Tomenko's parliamentary mandate using the Imperative mandate provisions of the Ukrainian constitution. This was considered illegal by Tomenko; on 28 July 2016 Ukraine's highest Administrative Court rejected his appeal to gain back his parliamentary seat.

Russian Empire

Russian Empire

The Russian Empire was the final period of the Russian monarchy from 1721 to 1917, ruling across large parts of Eurasia. It succeeded the Tsardom of Russia following the Treaty of Nystad, which ended the Great Northern War. The rise of the Russian Empire coincided with the decline of neighbouring rival powers: the Swedish Empire, the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, Qajar Iran, the Ottoman Empire, and Qing China. It also held colonies in North America between 1799 and 1867. Covering an area of approximately 22,800,000 square kilometres (8,800,000 sq mi), it remains the third-largest empire in history, surpassed only by the British Empire and the Mongol Empire; it ruled over a population of 125.6 million people per the 1897 Russian census, which was the only census carried out during the entire imperial period. Owing to its geographic extent across three continents at its peak, it featured great ethnic, linguistic, religious, and economic diversity.

Name

Activists secured the campaign's name "Boycott Russian Films" (Ukrainian: "Бойкот російського кіно") as from the beginning, it was the name of the official campaign page on Facebook. Later the name spread particularly through the mass media. The name slightly loses the sense when translated into English as in Ukrainian a word "кіно" can mean all cinema, films, and even television when in English the definition is more narrowed.

Discover more about Name related topics

Ukrainian language

Ukrainian language

Ukrainian is an East Slavic language of the Indo-European language family. It is the native language of about 40 million people and the official state language of Ukraine in Eastern Europe. Written Ukrainian uses the Ukrainian alphabet, a variant of the Cyrillic script. The standard Ukrainian language is regulated by the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, the Ukrainian language-information fund, and Potebnia Institute of Linguistics. Comparisons are often drawn to Russian, a prominent Slavic language, but there is more mutual intelligibility with Belarusian, Ukrainian's closest relative.

Facebook

Facebook

Facebook is an online social media and social networking service owned by American company Meta Platforms. Founded in 2004 by Mark Zuckerberg with fellow Harvard College students and roommates Eduardo Saverin, Andrew McCollum, Dustin Moskovitz, and Chris Hughes, its name comes from the face book directories often given to American university students. Membership was initially limited to Harvard students, gradually expanding to other North American universities and, since 2006, anyone over 13 years old. As of July 2022, Facebook claimed 2.93 billion monthly active users, and ranked third worldwide among the most visited websites as of July 2022. It was the most downloaded mobile app of the 2010s.

Mass media

Mass media

Mass media refers to a diverse array of media technologies that reach a large audience via mass communication. The technologies through which this communication takes place include a variety of outlets.

English language

English language

English is a West Germanic language of the Indo-European language family, with its earliest forms spoken by the inhabitants of early medieval England. It is named after the Angles, one of the ancient Germanic peoples that migrated to the island of Great Britain. English is genealogically West Germanic, closest related to the Low Saxon and Frisian languages; however, its vocabulary is also distinctively influenced by dialects of French and Latin, plus some grammar and a small amount of core vocabulary influenced by Old Norse. Speakers of English are called Anglophones.

Source: "Boycott Russian Films", Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, (2022, November 25th), https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boycott_Russian_Films.

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Sources
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  70. ^ Проект Закону про внесення змін до Закону України «Про телебачення і радіомовлення» щодо захисту інтересів держави (in Ukrainian). Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine. 5 September 2014
  71. ^ Євген Нищук: "Ми будемо ставити питання щодо заборони на законодавчому рівні російської пропаганди в українському медіа-просторі і до нової Верховної Ради України" [Yevhen Nyschuk: "We will raise the issue of the ban of Russian propaganda in the Ukrainian media space at the legislative level of the new Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine"]. Ministry of Culture of Ukraine (in Ukrainian). 20 October 2014. Archived from the original on 19 November 2014.
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  74. ^ Проект Закону про внесення змін до деяких законів України щодо захисту інформаційного телерадіопростору України (in Ukrainian). Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine. 9 December 2014
  75. ^ Рада в першому читанні ухвалила закон про заборону пропагандистських російських фільмів (in Ukrainian). Livyi bereh. 13 January 2015
  76. ^ Нардеп Левус требует проверить покупку акций телеканала "Интер" у российского «Первого канала» (in Russian). Gordon. 5 February 2015
  77. ^ Проект Закону про внесення змін до Закону України «Про телебачення і радіомовлення» (щодо участі іноземних осіб в телерадіоорганізаціях) (in Ukrainian). Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine. 15 January 2015
  78. ^ Нардеп Левус требует проверить покупку акций телеканала «Интер» у российского «Первого канала» (in Russian). Gordon. 5 February 2015
  79. ^ Проект Закону про внесення змін до деяких законів України щодо посилення застосування санкцій до ліцензіатів за порушення законодавства про телебачення і радіомовлення (in Ukrainian). Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine. 23 January 2015
  80. ^ Проект Закону про внесення змін до деяких законів України щодо посилення застосування санкцій до ліцензіатів за порушення законодавства про телебачення і радіомовлення (in Ukrainian). Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine. 30 January 2015
  81. ^ «Інтер» вимагає зняти з розгляду Ради чотири законопроекти, що стосуються інформбезпеки Archived 3 April 2015 at the Wayback Machine. Institute of Mass Information. 2 February 2015
  82. ^ Рада заборонила трансляцію фільмів, знятих у Російській Федерації (in Ukrainian). Ukrayinska Pravda. 5 February 2015
  83. ^ Закон про заборону серіалів РФ можуть знову винести на голосування в Раду — Княжицький Archived 27 May 2015 at the Wayback Machine (in Ukrainian). Telekrytyka. 20 February 2015
  84. ^ Проект Постанови про скасування рішення Верховної Ради України від 05 лютого 2015 року прийняття в цілому як закон проекту Закону України про внесення змін до деяких законів України щодо захисту інформаційного телерадіопростору України (in Ukrainian). Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine. 6 February 2015
  85. ^ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=A-okcaDvC_I (in Ukrainian). ТСН. 1+1. 6 March 2015
  86. ^ Проект Постанови про скасування рішення Верховної Ради України від 05 лютого 2015 року прийняття в цілому як закон проекту Закону України про внесення змін до деяких законів України щодо захисту інформаційного телерадіопростору України (in Ukrainian). Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine
  87. ^ «Телекритика» оприлюднює текст закону про заборону російських фільмів і серіалів Archived 26 May 2015 at the Wayback Machine (in Ukrainian). Telekrytyka [uk]. 19 March 2015
  88. ^ Порошенко заборонив показ фільмів, що пропагують силові структури країни-агресора (in Ukrainian). TV channel "24". 2 April 2015
  89. ^ ЗАКОН УКРАЇНИ Про внесення змін до деяких законів України щодо захисту інформаційного телерадіопростору України (in Ukrainian). Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine. 6 February 2015
  90. ^ В Україні не виходитимуть сім російських фільмів — Держкіно [In Ukraine seven Russian films will not be released - State Cinema] (in Ukrainian). hromadske.tv. 22 October 2014. Archived from the original on 21 December 2014.
  91. ^ Українські активісти вимагають заборонити фільми та серіали з Пореченковим (in Ukrainian). Espreso TV. 31 October 2014
  92. ^ Movies with Porechenkov banned. Channels are asked to sift RF products Archived 23 December 2014 at the Wayback Machine. Ukrainian Crisis. 4 November 2014
  93. ^ Держкіно таки заборонило фільми з Пореченковим [State Cinema did ban films with Porechenkov] (in Ukrainian). ТВі. 31 October 2014. Archived from the original on 3 November 2014.
  94. ^ Держкомтелерадіо закликає оголосити бойкот Кобзону, Охлобистіну, Задорнову та ін. [State Committee for Television and Radio-broadcasting encourages announcing the boycott of Kobzon, Okhlobystin, Zadornov and others] (in Ukrainian). ТВі. 31 October 2014. Archived from the original on 3 November 2014.
  95. ^ Чем заменят запрещенные российские сериалы? (in Russian). TV channel "24". 10 November 2014
  96. ^ In Ukraine banned movies and series which played Okhlobystin Archived 23 December 2014 at the Wayback Machine. Molodyi Bukovynets. 9 December 2014
  97. ^ В Україні заборонять всі фільми зі скандальним Охлобистіним (in Ukrainian). ТСН. 1+1. 4 December 2014
  98. ^ Держкіно обіцяє підтримку каналам, які відмовляються від російського контенту (in Ukrainian). Ukrinform. 19 December 2014
  99. ^ Держкіно відмовило у видачі прокатних посвідчень ще чотирьом російським фільмам (in Ukrainian). The State Agency of Ukraine for Cinema. 22 December 2014
  100. ^ Держкіно забороняє ще ряд російських фільмів і серіалів (in Ukrainian). Derzhkino. 5 February 2015
  101. ^ Нацрада: канали ризикують втратити ліцензію за трансляцію фільмів з Охлобистіним (in Ukrainian). Radio Liberty. 11 December 2014
  102. ^ Телеканали не збираються відмовлятися від російських серіалів — Герасим'юк (in Ukrainian). Radio Liberty. 22 December 2014
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