Boogie Down Productions
Boogie Down Productions
|Origin||New York City, U.S.|
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Boogie Down Productions (BDP) was an American hip hop group originally composed of KRS-One, D-Nice, and DJ Scott La Rock. DJ Scott La Rock was murdered on August 27, 1987, five months after the release of BDP's debut album, Criminal Minded. The name of the group, Boogie Down, derives from a nickname for the South Bronx section of New York City. The group pioneered the fusion of dancehall reggae and hip hop music and their debut LP Criminal Minded contained frank descriptions of life in the South Bronx during the late 1980s, thus setting the stage for what would eventually become gangsta rap.
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BDP's membership changed throughout its existence, the only constant being KRS-One. The group was founded by KRS-One and DJ Scott La Rock, with producer Lee Smith, who was essential in the production of the songs on Criminal Minded, being added as a member shortly after. From those beginnings, BDP members and collaborators included Ced Gee of Ultramagnetic MC's, Lee Smith, Scott La Rock, D-Nice, Henry Wilkerson PoppyDa, Kenny Parker (KRS-One's younger brother), Just-Ice, ICU, McBoo, Ms. Melodie, Heather B., Scottie Morris, Tony Rahsan, Willie D., RoboCop, Harmony, DJ Red Alert, Jay Kramer, D-Square, Rebekah Foster, Scott Whitehill, Scott King, Chris Tait and Sidney Mills. BDP as a group essentially ended because KRS-One began recording and performing under his own name rather than the group name. Lee Smith, who has co-producer credit on the original 12" "South Bronx" single, was the last to be inexplicably jettisoned by KRS-One and the future new label after Scott's death.
In the liner notes on BDP's 1992 album Sex and Violence, KRS-One writes: "BDP in 1992 is KRS-One, Willie D, and Kenny Parker! BDP is not D-Nice, Jamal-ski, Harmony, Ms. Melodie, and Scottie Morris. They are not down with BDP so stop frontin'." Steve "Flash" Juon of RapReviews.com claimed that this initiated the ultimate breakup of the group.
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Cultural influences and impact
"The Bridge Wars"
A conflict arose in the late 1980s concerning the origins of hip-hop, and BDP made conscious efforts in its early work to establish its interpretation of the issue. The origins of hip-hop to many, including BDP, are believed to be from the Bronx. A rival hip-hop collective, known as the Juice Crew's lyrics, were misunderstood to contain a claim in the song "The Bridge" that hip hop was directly a result of artists originating from Queensbridge. Boogie Down and KRS retorted angrily with songs such as "The Bridge is Over" and "South Bronx," which started one of the first notable hip hop wars as MC Shan, Marley Marl, Roxanne Shanté and Blaq Poet all released songs featuring verses personally attacking KRS and Scott La Rock. But the Bridge Wars were short-lived, and after Scott La Rock's death, KRS began to concentrate on socially conscious music.
While Criminal Minded contained vivid descriptions of South Bronx street life, BDP changed after Scott's death. Lee Smith was dropped and KRS-One adopted the Teacha moniker and made a deliberate attempt at creating politically and socially conscious hip-hop. BDP was influential in provoking political and social consciousness in hip-hop, for example in "Stop The Violence" on 1988's By All Means Necessary.
The Jamaican influence in Criminal Minded is well illustrated by the use of the "Mad Mad" or "Diseases" riddim started in 1981 with reggae star Yellowman's song "Zunguzung." BDP used this riff in the song "Remix for P is Free," and it was later resampled by artists such as Black Star and dead prez. As an album regarded by many as the start of the gangsta rap movement, Criminal Minded played an important role in reaffirming the social acceptance of having Jamaican roots. BDP referenced reggae in a way that helped to solidify Jamaica's place in modern hip-hop culture.
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- Studio albums
- Criminal Minded (1987)
- By All Means Necessary (1988)
- Ghetto Music: The Blueprint of Hip Hop (1989)
- Edutainment (1990)
- Sex and Violence (1992)
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Source: "Boogie Down Productions", Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, (2022, August 19th), https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boogie_Down_Productions.
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New-school hip hop
Scott La Rock
Golden age hip hop
By All Means Necessary
Live Hardcore Worldwide
Sex and Violence (album)
Man & His Music (Remixes from Around the World)
Best of B-Boy Records
A Retrospective (KRS-One album)
- ^ a b c d e f Larkin, Colin, ed. (2003). The Virgin Encyclopedia of Eighties Music (Third ed.). New York City: Virgin Books. pp. 78/9. ISBN 1-85227-969-9.
- ^ "Boogie Down Productions :: Sex and Violence :: Jive Records". Rapreviews.com. Retrieved October 31, 2019.
- ^ "YouTube". YouTube. Archived from the original on February 17, 2014.
- ^ Marshall, Wayne. "Follow Me Now: The Zigzagging Zunguzung Meme", May 10, 2007.
- ^ a b "KRS-One". OxfordAASC.com. 2005. doi:10.1093/acref/9780195301731.013.42050. ISBN 978-0-19-530173-1. Retrieved October 16, 2014.
- ^ Iverem, Esther. "Violent Death Halts Rap Musician's Rise." The New York Times, August 31, 1987
- ^ Nielson, Erik (July 2010). ""Can't C Me": Surveillance and Rap Music". Journal of Black Studies. Thousand Oaks, California: SAGE Publications. 40 (6): 1254–1274. doi:10.1177/0021934708328906. S2CID 145713976.
- ^ "Boogie Down Productions discography". RateYourMusic. Retrieved October 31, 2019.
- "KRS-One." Africana: The Encyclopedia of the African and African American Experience, Second Edition. Ed. Kwame Anthony Appiah, Henry Louis Gates Jr. New York: Oxford UP, 2008. Oxford African American Studies Center. ISBN 978-0195170559
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