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Bernadette O'Rourke

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Bernadette O'Rourke
Bernadette Ní Ruairc
NationalityIrish
Occupationprofessor, linguist
Academic background
Alma materDublin City University
ThesisAttitudes towards minority languages: an investigation of young people's attitudes towards Irish and Galician (2005)
Doctoral advisorBill Richardson
Academic work
DisciplineSociolinguistics
Sub-disciplineMiniority language
InstitutionsHeriot-Watt University

Bernadette O'Rourke (also known as Bernie O'Rourke) is an Irish linguist from County Clare. She is currently Professor of Sociolinguistics and Hispanic Studies at the University of Glasgow and is a specialist in the construction of difference through language and social inequalities. Her research focuses on "neophones" or new speakers of minority languages such as Irish Gaelic and Galician. She has also published and commented on the assumptions of monolinguism in Great Britain, particularly in the context of Brexit, public policy related to minority languages in Ireland, the UK, and Europe.[1][2][3][4]

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County Clare

County Clare

County Clare is a county in Ireland, in the Southern Region and the province of Munster, bordered on the west by the Atlantic Ocean. Clare County Council is the local authority. The county had a population of 118,817 at the 2016 census. The county town and largest settlement is Ennis.

Sociolinguistics

Sociolinguistics

Sociolinguistics is the descriptive study of the effect of any or all aspects of society, including cultural norms, expectations, and context, on the way language is used, and society's effect on language. It can overlap with the sociology of language, which focuses on the effect of language on society. Sociolinguistics overlaps considerably with pragmatics and is closely related to linguistic anthropology.

Hispanism

Hispanism

Hispanism is the study of the literature and culture of the Spanish-speaking world, principally that of Spain and Hispanic America. It can also entail studying Spanish language and culture in the United States and in other presently or formerly Spanish-speaking countries in Africa, Asia, and the Pacific, such as the Philippines and Equatorial Guinea.

University of Glasgow

University of Glasgow

The University of Glasgow is a public research university in Glasgow, Scotland. Founded by papal bull in 1451 [O.S. 1450], it is the fourth-oldest university in the English-speaking world and one of Scotland's four ancient universities. Along with the universities of Edinburgh, Aberdeen, and St Andrews, the university was part of the Scottish Enlightenment during the 18th century.

Minority language

Minority language

A minority language is a language spoken by a minority of the population of a territory. Such people are termed linguistic minorities or language minorities. With a total number of 196 sovereign states recognized internationally and an estimated number of roughly 5,000 to 7,000 languages spoken worldwide, the vast majority of languages are minority languages in every country in which they are spoken. Some minority languages are simultaneously also official languages, such as Irish in Ireland or the numerous indigenous languages of Bolivia. Likewise, some national languages are often considered minority languages, insofar as they are the national language of a stateless nation.

Irish language

Irish language

Irish [ˈɡeːlʲɟə], also known as Gaelic, is a Goidelic language of the Insular Celtic branch of the Celtic language family, which is a part of the Indo-European language family. Irish is indigenous to the island of Ireland and was the population's first language until the 19th century, when English gradually became dominant, particularly in the last decades of the century. Irish is still spoken as a first language in a small number of areas of certain counties such as Cork, Donegal, Galway, and Kerry, as well as smaller areas of counties Mayo, Meath, and Waterford. It is also spoken by a larger group of habitual but non-traditional speakers, mostly in urban areas where the majority are second-language speakers. Daily users in Ireland outside the education system number around 73,000 (1.5%), and the total number of persons who claimed they could speak Irish in April 2016 was 1,761,420, representing 39.8% of respondents.

Galician language

Galician language

Galician, also known as Galego and Gallego, is a Western Ibero-Romance language. Around 2.4 million people have at least some degree of competence in the language, mainly in Galicia, an autonomous community located in northwestern Spain, where it is co-official with Spanish. The language is also spoken in some border zones of the neighbouring Spanish regions of Asturias and Castile and León, as well as by Galician migrant communities in the rest of Spain, in Latin America including Puerto Rico, the United States, Switzerland and elsewhere in Europe.

Career

O'Rourke has taught at the Universidade da Corunha, Dublin City University, NUI Galway and Heriot-Watt University where she has taught Spanish and Sociolinguisitcs. In addition to expertise in Irish Gaelic and Galician, O'Rourke has also promoted the support of Gaelic education in Scotland.[3][5]

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University of A Coruña

University of A Coruña

The University of A Coruña is a Spanish public university located in the city of A Coruña, Galicia. Established in 1989, university departments are divided between two primary campuses in A Coruña and nearby Ferrol. The A Coruña campus is spread over three suburbs on the outskirts of A Coruña: Elviña and Zapateira and Oza.

Dublin City University

Dublin City University

Dublin City University is a university based on the Northside of Dublin, Ireland. Created as the National Institute for Higher Education, Dublin in 1975, it enrolled its first students in 1980, and was elevated to university status in September 1989 by statute.

University of Galway

University of Galway

The University of Galway is a public research university located in the city of Galway, Ireland. A tertiary education and research institution, the university was awarded the full five QS stars for excellence in 2012, and was ranked among the top 1 percent of universities in the 2018 QS World University Rankings.

Heriot-Watt University

Heriot-Watt University

Heriot-Watt University is a public research university based in Edinburgh, Scotland. It was established in 1821 as the School of Arts of Edinburgh, the world's first mechanics' institute, and subsequently granted university status by royal charter in 1966. It is the eighth-oldest higher education institute in the UK. The name Heriot-Watt was taken from Scottish inventor James Watt and Scottish philanthropist and goldsmith George Heriot.

Publications

Books

  • O'Rourke, Bernadette and J. Walsh. New Speakers of Irish in the Global Context. New Revival?. Routledge, 2020. ISBN 9781138243385.
  • O'Rourke, Bernadette. Galician and Irish in the European Context: Attitudes Toward Weak and Strong Minority Languages. Palgrave Macmillan: New York, 2011. ISBN 780230574038

Selected journal articles

  • O'Rourke, B. and Nandi, A. (2019) New speaker parents as grassroots policy makers in contemporary Galicia: ideologies, management and practices. Language Policy, 18(4), pp. 493-511. doi: 10.1007/s10993-018-9498-y
  • Brennan, S. and O'Rourke, B. (2019) Commercialising the cúpla focal: New speakers, language ownership, and the promotion of Irish as a business resource. Language in Society, 48(1), pp. 125-145. doi: 10.1017/S0047404518001148
  • O'Rourke, B. , Pujolar, J. and Ramallo, F. (2015) New speakers of minority languages: the challenging opportunity - foreword. International Journal of the Sociology of Language, 2015(231), pp. 1-20.
  • O'Rourke, B. and Walsh, J. (2015) New speakers of Irish: shifting boundaries across time and space. International Journal of the Sociology of Language, 2015(231), pp. 63-83.
  • O'Rourke, B. and Ramallo, F. (2013) Competing ideologies of linguistic authority amongst new speakers in contemporary Galicia. Language in Society, 42(3), pp. 287-305. doi: 10.1017/S0047404513000249
  • O'Rourke, B. and Pujolar, J. (2013) From native speakers to “new speakers”: problematizing nativeness in language revitalization contexts. Histoire Épistémologie Langage, 35(2), pp. 47-67.
  • O'Rourke, B. (2011) Whose language is it? Struggles for language ownership in an Irish language classroom. Journal of Language, Identity and Education, 10(5), pp. 327-345. doi: 10.1080/15348458.2011.614545

Source: "Bernadette O'Rourke", Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, (2022, November 25th), https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bernadette_O'Rourke.

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References
  1. ^ "Language skills are critical to success in a post-Brexit world Bernadette O'Rourke". The Times (London, England): 30–30. 2017-06-09. ISSN 0140-0460. Retrieved 2022-11-20.
  2. ^ "Census shows we must rethink our approach to Irish and the Gaeltacht". The Irish Times. Retrieved 2022-11-20.
  3. ^ a b "A new way to attract tourists: fake accents and dying languages". Quartz. 2015-03-27. Retrieved 2022-11-20.
  4. ^ Concubhar (2018-04-26). "The authority to speak, linquistic intolerance, anonymity and monolingual regimes". Slugger O'Toole. Retrieved 2022-11-20.
  5. ^ "Gaelic needs a stand-alone school - Wilson McLeod, Bernadette O'Rourke and Rob Dunbar". www.edinburghnews.scotsman.com. 2021-05-17. Retrieved 2022-11-20.
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