Battle of Senafe
|Battle of Senafe|
|Part of First Italo-Ethiopian War|
Contemporary heroization in an Italian magazine
|Commanders and leaders|
|Oreste Baratieri||Mengesha Yohannes|
|up to 4,000 men||at least 5,500 men|
|Casualties and losses|
|123 dead, 192 wounded||2,000 dead|
The Battle of Senafe was a battle of the First Italo-Ethiopian War on January 15 and 16, 1895, Italian colonial troops destroyed the remnants of the Tigrayan army that had withdrawn after the Battle of Coatit the day before.
To forestall an Italian invasion of the Ethiopian province of Tigray led by general Oreste Baratieri, the ruler of Tigray, Ras Mengesha Yohannes invaded Italian Eritrea. In the Battle of Coatit, however, he was repulsed by Baratieri on January 13 and 14, 1895 respectively. Ras Mengesha's army had already lost 4,500 dead and wounded of 10,000 men and had used up almost all of the ammunition for the few rifles his army had.
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Ras Mengesha wanted to bring the rest of his army back to Tigray and replenish it with reserves. He didn't get far, however. On the evening of January 15, Baratieri, who was chasing him, caught up with him in Senafe near Coatit . The artillery battery of Captain Ciccodicola went into position on the Amba Tericà mountain on the northern edge of the Senafe Depression. In the course of the Italian artillery bombardment and the fighting that lasted until the next morning, Ras Mengesha lost another 2,000 men, including some of his best military commanders. Upon hearing the bombardment of Ras Mengesha managed to escape to Tigray only with difficulty with a few remaining loyal followers. The Italians, on the other hand, who had been reinforced all night by advancing units, numbered about 4,000 men after the battle. The entire Ras Mengesha camp fell into their hands.
The almost complete defeat and the defeat of the Tigrayan army cleared the way for a large-scale and far-reaching invasion of Tigray. Baratieri gathered his troops at Senafe and in January 1895 the Italians occupied Adwa , Adigrat and Tigrays capital Mek'ele . With the beginning of the rainy season in April 1895, they interrupted their advance and at least cleared Adua again. Ras Mengesha camped with his remaining troops at Mek'ele very close to the Italians and raised a new army with Ras Alula Engida.
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Source: "Battle of Senafe", Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, (2023, March 16th), https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Senafe.
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Battle of Adwa
First Italo-Ethiopian War
Ras Mengesha Yohannes
Battle of Coatit
Battle of Amba Alagi (1895)
Haile Selassie Gugsa
Araya Selassie Yohannes
Battle of Debra Ailà
- ^ David Hamilton Shinn: Historical Dictionary of Ethiopia, Seiten 69, 73 und 273, . Scarecrow Press, Lanham 2013
- ^ a b c d Andrzej Bartnicki, Joanna Mantel-Niećko: Geschichte Äthiopiens - Von den Anfängen bis zur Gegenwart, Teil 1, Seiten 326 und 330f. Akademie-Verlag, Berlin 1978
- ^ a b c d Enciclopedia Italiana (1933): Italo-Abissina, Guerra
- ^ a b Enciclopedia Italiana (1932): Coatit
- 1895 in Ethiopia
- 1895 in the Italian Empire
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- Articles missing coordinates without coordinates on Wikidata
- Articles with short description
- Battles involving Ethiopia
- Battles involving Italy
- Battles of the First Italo-Ethiopian War
- Conflicts in 1896
- Ethiopia articles missing geocoordinate data
- History of Ethiopia
- January 1895 events
- Short description is different from Wikidata
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