Battle of Mariupol (2014)
|Battle of Mariupol|
|Part of the war in Donbas|
Confrontation between locals and Ukrainian troops in Mariupol
|Ukraine||Donetsk People's Republic|
|Commanders and leaders|
Serhiy Demydenko †
Valery Androshchuk (POW)
|Denis Kuzmenko (POW)|
Donbas People's Militia|
|Casualties and losses|
3 APCs destroyed
1 BRDM-2 destroyed
During the unrest in Ukraine in the aftermath of the 2014 Ukrainian revolution, the city of Mariupol, in Donetsk Oblast, saw skirmishes break out between Ukrainian government forces, local police, and separatist militants affiliated with the Donetsk People's Republic. Government forces withdrew from Mariupol on 9 May 2014 after heavy fighting left the city's police headquarters gutted by fire. These forces maintained checkpoints outside the city. Intervention by Metinvest steelworkers on 15 May 2014 led to the removal of barricades from the city centre, and the resumption of patrols by local police. Separatists continued to operate a headquarters in another part of the city until their positions were overrun in a government offensive on 13 June 2014.
Discover more about Battle of Mariupol (2014) related topics
Mariupol is the second-largest city in the Donetsk Oblast, and has experienced sporadic unrest since March 2014. Pro-Russian and anti-government groups first occupied the city council building on 18 March 2014. The first violent incident had occurred during the night on 16 April 2014, when about 300 pro-Russian and anti-government protesters attacked a Ukrainian military unit in Mariupol, throwing petrol bombs. Internal Affairs minister Arsen Avakov said that troops were forced to open fire, resulting in the killing of three of the attackers.
Ukrainian government forces claimed they "liberated" the Mariupol city council on 24 April 2014, though this was heavily disputed by anti-government demonstrators, and a BBC report said that there was "no sign" of the army. The building changed hands multiple times thereafter, but was captured by the army on 8 May.
Discover more about Background related topics
A violent clash involving armoured personnel carriers (APC) took place at the Mariupol police headquarters on Victory Day, 9 May 2014. The Ukrainian government said it sent in the APCs in response to an attempt by militant separatists to storm the building. According to the Internal Affairs Ministry, the assault on the station involved 60 separatists armed with automatic weapons. Some local policemen reportedly helped the militants during the takeover and later clashed with Internal Troops who fired on the building with heavy machine guns mounted on the APCs.
The Ukrainian government said its contingent included police, as well as an Omega unit of the National Guard. Pro-Russian protesters attempted to stop the advance, but were unsuccessful. Ukrainian security forces attacked the police headquarters in an attempt to recapture it from militants, and during the assault the building caught fire. According to Internal Affairs minister Arsen Avakov, a separatist sniper fired at Ukrainian soldiers and civilians from the upper floors of a hospital. Avakov said that the counterattack resulted in the deaths of twenty separatists, and the capture of four, while the rest dispersed. He referred to the separatist militants as "terrorists", and warned that "annihilation" would be Ukraine's answer to future acts of terrorism.
Avakov's account of what happened was contested by some Mariupol residents, who spoke to reporters from The New York Times, the BBC, and The Independent shortly after the incident. The residents (many of whom showed their Ukrainian passports to prove they were not from Russia) said that the government had attacked local police who were sympathetic to protesters. One version of events, put forward by a group of residents cited by The New York Times, was that the clash was sparked by Mariupol police rebelling against a new police chief sent by the interim government in Kyiv. The BBC report included a video showing pro-Russian activists trying unsuccessfully to stop armoured vehicles from moving into the city.
After the fighting the Ukrainian forces withdrew from the city, leaving it fully under control of pro-Russian protesters. The military retained control over checkpoints surrounding the city. The Ukrainian government said that its forces withdrew "to avoid further aggravation". The troops moving out of the city shot at unarmed civilians, according to The Guardian. Anna Neistat from Human Rights Watch stated "my preliminary findings suggest that Ukrainian units might indeed have used excessive force near the drama theater, which resulted in deaths and injuries of some unarmed people" and urged a full, thorough investigation.
One armoured personnel carrier was captured by pro-Russian protesters. After the clashes, the protesters built barricades on roads in the city centre. Overnight, the city administration building was set ablaze and three gun shops were looted. The next day, insurgents set alight the captured armoured vehicle, causing the ammunition inside to explode. Individuals also threw petrol bombs at the city prosecutor's office and a military building, setting them on fire. On 11 May 2014, eight polling places were set up in Mariupol for the DPR's referendum on self-rule, with queues hundreds of metres long.
Intervention of Metinvest steelworkers
Metinvest in conjunction with owners Rinat Akhmetov and Vadim Novinsky announced on 11 May 2014 that the company would be forming citywide militia groups from local steelworkers to work with police. The squads were intended to "protect civilians from looters and criminals operating in the city". Akhmetov urged the Ukrainian government to refrain from sending its forces to the city and to start negotiations with the insurgents.
An agreement initiated by Metinvest was signed on 15 May by steel plant directors, police and community leaders, and a representative of the Donetsk People's Republic separatists. Steelworkers and security guards from Metinvest, along with local police, began joint patrols in the city of Mariupol. Associated Press reported that these groups forced the insurgents out of the buildings that they had been occupying. Although a DPR representative was party to the deal which led to this vacation of buildings by the insurgents, a local commander of those insurgents who had been occupying the building said that "someone is trying to sow discord among us, someone has signed something, but we will continue our fight", and that "everyone ran away". Steelworkers could be seen removing barricades from the city centre, and also cleaning up the burnt city administration building. By the morning of 16 May 2014, Associated Press journalists could find no trace of the insurgents in Mariupol city centre. On 16 May, however, it seemed that separatists were not banished from the city: reporters from The Washington Post said that about a hundred pro-Russian activists gathered on the steps of the city administration building, and that the separatist flag continued to fly over it. Radio Free Europe reported on 17 May that separatist militants (unarmed, but some wearing balaclavas) were patrolling Mariupol alongside police. On 19 May 2014, CNN reporters found DPR supporters, including armed militia, running their headquarters in a suburb of Mariupol. The leader of the group, Denis Kuzmenko, told the reporters he welcomed the role of the steelworkers in the city.
Government recapture of Mariupol
On the morning of 13 June 2014, heavy fighting resumed as part of military operations in Mariupol, in which the Azov and Dnipro-1 Battalions retook the city and key buildings occupied by insurgents, killing five militants and destroying an insurgent BRDM-2 armoured vehicle. Two soldiers were also killed and 4–11 separatists were captured. A military armoured personnel carrier was destroyed during the fighting. Internal Affairs minister Avakov said "All key terrorist strongholds are being brought under control".
As a result of the six-hour battle, Ukrainian forces hoisted the national flag over the insurgent headquarters in the city and said they had regained control of a 121-kilometre (75 mi) stretch of the border with Russia. Immediately following the operation, Ukrainian president Petro Poroshenko instructed the chief of the Donetsk regional state administration Serhiy Taruta to temporarily move the regional capital to Mariupol. A minor incident occurred the next morning, when a convoy of border guardsmen was attacked by insurgents whilst passing Mariupol, leaving five guardsmen dead and seven wounded.
OSCE monitors visited Mariupol to assess the situation in the city on 18 August. They reported that the city was calm and secure. They spoke to a local activist who told them that "the city had become stable" in the months after the recapture of the city by government forces. According to UNHCR, there were at least 4,000 refugees from the ongoing war in the Donbas region at the time that the monitors visited the city. Unofficial statistics cited by the OSCE gave the number of refugees in Mariupol as 20,000.
Discover more about Events related topics
There were conflicting reports regarding the number and identity of the dead with regard to the 9 May 2014 incident. Internal Affairs minister Arsen Avakov stated that the operation resulted in the death of one policeman, and about twenty people described as "terrorists". Four militants were captured and five policemen were wounded. The Daily Telegraph reported that some locals thought that most of the between five and twenty people killed were innocent civilians. City traffic police chief Viktor Sayenko was killed in the fighting on 9 May. A Euronews report said Mariupol residents, including the priest who conducted Sayenko's funeral, were unsure how he was killed, or who was responsible. Chief of Police Valery Andruschuk was captured by pro-Russian forces. He was released on 12 May, and was found in serious condition with a brain injury, brain contusion, and broken ribs. It was confirmed later that two pro-government territorial defence battalion paramilitaries were killed as well. One of them was the deputy commander of the Dnipro Battalion, Serhiy Demydenko, who was killed by sniper fire. Citing eyewitnesses, Mariupol internet publication 0629 reported that "terrorists took Demidenko's dead body and cut his ears off and gouged his eyes." Eight soldiers were also wounded in the fighting.
The Mariupol city administration declared 10 May 2014 as a day of mourning in honour of those killed in the 9 May incident. Residents placed flowers in front of the gutted police station. A large public funeral was held in Kyiv on 12 May for an Azov Battalion member who was killed in the fighting.
A further violent death was reported on 25 May, when the Ukrainian government said its special police had killed a bodyguard of Mariupol DPR leader Denis Kuzmenko, while arresting Kuzmenko himself. Five separatists and two soldiers were killed during the takeover of the city by the military on 13 June 2014. Five border guards were killed and seven wounded in an ambush attack on a military convoy on 14 June 2014.
A report by Human Rights Watch said that the Ukrainian military may have used excessive force during the battle of Mariupol.
In January 2015, Kyiv Post cited a Bellingcat citizen's investigation into the May 2014 events in Mariupol. It asserted that Ukrainian soldiers had made a decided effort to avoid firing directly at the protesters, whilst taking fire and suffering casualties themselves. According to the investigation, of the thirteen people listed killed, six were Ukrainian law enforcement officers, soldiers, or members of the Azov Battalion.
Discover more about Casualties related topics
On 13 June 2015, a monument to the defenders of the Military Unit No. 3057 was unveiled in the city on the first anniversary of the battle. A documentary film on the Public TV of Azov called Year of Freedom. Mariupol After DNR was released in 2015. Mariupol Liberation Day from Russian Occupation (Ukrainian: День звільнення Маріуполя від проросійських терористів) was celebrated annually on 13 June, being an official holiday in the city. It was first celebrated at the state level in 2016 (the second anniversary). On this day, the Azov Regiment held an organized military parade at 10:00 am. The Russian victory in the 2022 Siege of Mariupol effectively ended the celebration of Mariupol Liberation Day.
On Liberation Day 2019, the traditional military parade was held, during which soldiers of the Azov Regiment, Military Unit 3057, representatives of the National Police and the State Border Guard Service of Ukraine marched. President Volodymyr Zelensky paid an official visit to the city, attending joint military exercises and the opening of a demining center. Gala concerts were also held throughout the city.
Discover more about Legacy related topics
Source: "Battle of Mariupol (2014)", Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, (2023, March 10th), https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Mariupol_(2014).
Get our FREE extension now!
2014 pro-Russian unrest in Ukraine
National Guard of Ukraine
Timeline of the 2014 pro-Russian unrest in Ukraine
Siege of Sloviansk
War in Donbas (2014–2022)
Battle of Kramatorsk
Offensive on Mariupol (September 2014)
Second Battle of Donetsk Airport
Special forces of Ukraine
January 2015 Mariupol rocket attack
Special Operations Forces (Ukraine)
Timeline of the war in Donbas (2014)
Siege of Mariupol
- ^ Vasovic, Aleksandar (13 June 2014). "Ukrainian forces reclaim port city from rebels". Reuters. Archived from the original on 10 October 2015. Retrieved 14 June 2014.
- ^ a b "Світ у відео: в Києві прощалися з бійцем спецпідрозділу "Азов", який загинув у Маріуполі" [The world in video: in Kiev said goodbye to the soldier of special forces "Azov" who was lost in Mariupol]. Radiosvoboda.org. Retrieved 14 May 2014.
- ^ a b c Walker, Shaun and Grytsenko, Oksana (9 May 2014) Ukraine crisis: 'three people killed' in fighting at Mariupol police station. The Guardian. Retrieved 10 May 2014.
- ^ a b c Blair, David (9 May 2014) Ukraine crisis: 'over 20 killed' in Mariupol as Putin marks victory in Crimea. The Daily Telegraph.
- ^ a b c d "Ukraine Forces Attack Militant-Held Police Station". The New York Times. 10 May 2014.
- ^ a b c d e "Аваков: У Маріуполі снайпер subject з даху лікарні по людях" [Avakov: In Mariupol, a sniper fired at people from the roof of the hospital]. Ukrayinska Pravda. 9 May 2014.
- ^ a b c d Al Jazeera and agencies. "Ukrainian troops regain port city of Mariupol". Retrieved 23 October 2014.
- ^ a b "Ukrainian troops drive rebels out of Mariupol". The Washington Post. Associated Press. 13 June 2014. Archived from the original on 24 June 2014.
- ^ a b c "В Мариуполе на пост-мосту расстреляли колонну пограничников. Есть погибшие (ФОТО+ВИДЕО)" [Mariupol A column of border guards was shot dead in a post-bridge in Mariupol. There are dead (PHOTOS + VIDEO)]. 0629.com.ua - Сайт города Мариуполя.
- ^ a b c d e f "Avakov says 21 dead in Mariupol after clashes between police and separatists on Victory Day". Kyiv Post. 9 May 2014.
- ^ a b "West warns Russia ahead of 'illegal' east Ukraine referendums". The Australian. 29 August 2013. Retrieved 14 June 2014.
- ^ a b "Ukraine launches dawn raid on rebel-held Mariupol". the Guardian. Archived from the original on 13 June 2014. Retrieved 23 October 2014.
- ^ a b c At least 7 dead in southeastern Ukraine port city. Associated Press via Newsinfo.inquirer.net. 10 May 2014
- ^ a b Birnbaum, Michael (25 May 2014) In Ukrainian election, chocolate tycoon Poroshenko claims victory The Washington Post. Retrieved 26 May 2014.
- ^ a b "Four Ukrainian troops injured as anti-terrorist operation moves to Mariupol (VIDEO)". Kyiv Post. 13 June 2014. Archived from the original on 14 June 2014. Retrieved 30 January 2017.
- ^ a b AFP (14 June 2014). "US accuses Russia of sending rocket launchers to Ukraine rebels". Telegraph.co.uk. Retrieved 23 October 2014.
- ^ a b Цензор.НЕТ. "Battalion "Azov" and "Dnepr-1" killed five terrorists, took a couple of buildings and knocked BRDM". Цензор.НЕТ. Retrieved 23 October 2014.
- ^ "Mariupol Protesters Stormed the City Council". nahnews.com.ua. 18 March 2014. Archived from the original on 14 July 2014. Retrieved 9 May 2014.
- ^ a b Reynolds, James (17 April 2014). "Putin cautious on 'right' to send troops into Ukraine". BBC News. Retrieved 17 April 2014.
- ^ Ukraine Crisis: Mariupol City Hall liberated by Government Forces. International Business Times. (24 April 2014). Retrieved 10 May 2014.
- ^ Ukraine crisis: BBC investigates Mariupol 'liberation' claims. BBC. 25 April 2014
- ^ Rainsford, Sarah (7 May 2014) Ukraine crisis: Pro-Russians seize back Mariupol city hall. BBC
- ^ Galpin, Richart (8 May 2014) Ukraine crisis: Pro-Russia rebel vote to go ahead. BBC.
- ^ a b Tucker, Maxim (28 January 2015). "Ukrainian troops were shot at during May 9 protests in Mariupol, report finds". KyivPost. Archived from the original on 29 January 2015. Retrieved 28 October 2016.
- ^ a b c d Ukraine: 'Blood bath' in Mariupol. BBC. 9 May 2014.
- ^ a b c d e Ukraine crisis: Bloody assault in Mariupol dashes hopes of avoiding civil war. Independent.co.uk (9 May 2014). Retrieved 10 May 2014.
- ^ "Міноборони: блокпости навколо Маріуполя під контролем ЗСУ, 8 військових поранені | Українська правда" [Ministry of Defense: checkpoints around Mariupol under the control of the Armed Forces, 8 servicemen wounded & # 124; Ukrainian Truth (Pravda)]. Ukrayinska Pravda. 9 May 2014. Retrieved 14 May 2014.
- ^ (12 May 2014) Military were withdrawn from Mariupol to avoid further aggravation Kyiv Post
- ^ Shaun Walker (10 May 2014). "East Ukraine goes to the polls for independence referendum | The Observer". The Guardian. Retrieved 14 May 2014.
- ^ "Ukraine rebels plan referendum on Sunday". The Hindu. 11 May 2014.
- ^ "Ukraine: pro-Russian protesters control streets of Mariupol on day after deadly fighting". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 14 May 2014.
- ^ Anna Neistat (10 May 2014). "Dispatches: Truth a Casualty in Ukraine Conflict". Human Rights Watch. Archived from the original on 10 May 2014. Retrieved 14 June 2014.
- ^ "У Маріуполі горить міськрада | Українська правда" [The City Council is burning in Mariupol & # 124; Ukrainian Pravda]. Ukrayinska Pravda. 9 May 2014. Retrieved 14 May 2014.
- ^ "У Маріуполі сепаратисти полюють на зброю | Українська правда" [In Mariupol, separatists are "hunting" for weapons & # 124; Ukrainian Pravda]. Ukrayinska Pravda. 10 May 2014. Retrieved 14 May 2014.
- ^ "Здание городской прокуратуры и воинская часть горят в… - Интерфакс" [The building of the city prosecutor's office and the military unit are on fire in… - Interfax]. Interfax.ru. 19 March 2014. Retrieved 14 May 2014.
- ^ a b Robinson, Matt. "Rebels declare victory in east Ukraine vote on self-rule". Reuters. Archived from the original on 17 November 2014. Retrieved 14 May 2014.
- ^ ЛIГАБiзнесIнформИнформационное агентство (11 May 2014). "Заводы Ахметова создают дружины для защиты Мариуполя от мародеров" [Akhmetov's factories are creating squads to protect Mariupol from looters]. News.liga.net. Retrieved 14 May 2014.
- ^ (11 May 2014) В МАРИУПОЛЕ НАЧАЛОСЬ ФОРМИРОВАНИЕ НАРОДНЫХ ДРУЖИН ИЗ ЧИСЛА МЕТАЛЛУРГОВ (FORMATION OF PEOPLE'S TEAMS FROM METALLURGISTS BEGINS IN MARIUPOL) Metinvestholding.com. Retrieved 26 May 2014
- ^ a b "Мариупольские металлурги, городская власть, общественность Мариуполя и лидер ДНР подписали Меморандум о порядке и безопасности" [Mariupol metallurgists, city authorities, Mariupol public and DNR leader sign Memorandum of Order and Security]. 6 November 2005. Archived from the original on 17 May 2014. Retrieved 14 June 2014.
- ^ a b Karmanau, Uras, Associated Press (16 May 2014) Steelworkers Take Back East Ukraine City in Huge Power Shift. Business Insider. Retrieved 25 May 2014
- ^ a b c d "Pro-Russian insurgents retreat from buildings in Mariupol". CBC News. 16 May 2014. Retrieved 16 May 2014.
- ^ a b "Latest from the Special Monitoring Mission in Ukraine - based on information received until 18:00 hrs, 14 May" (Press release). Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe. 14 May 2014. Retrieved 16 May 2014.
- ^ Kunkle, Frederick (16 May 2014) Steelworkers help keep uneasy calm in eastern Ukraine The Washington Post
- ^ Charles Recknagel (17 May 2014) Gray Zone: Mariupol Sinks Into Power Vacuum Radio Free Europe Radio Liberty
- ^ a b Greene, Richard Allen (19 May 2014) Who's in charge here? In one eastern Ukrainian city, answer isn't clear. CNN. Retrieved 25 May 2014
- ^ "Mariupol 'militia' loses five men in combat". Kyiv Post. 13 June 2014. Retrieved 14 June 2014.
- ^ Ukraine crisis: Kiev forces win back Mariupol, BBC News (13 June 2014)
- ^ a b c Miller, Christopher (18 November 2011). "Ukrainian Forces Seize Crucial Port City From Pro-Russia Separatists". Mashable. Retrieved 14 June 2014.
- ^ "Ukraine Troops Storm Rebel-Held Buildings". Sky news. Retrieved 14 June 2014.
- ^ a b "Latest from OSCE Special Monitoring Mission (SMM) to Ukraine based on information received as of 18:00 (Kyiv time), 18 August 2014" (Press release). Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe. 19 August 2014. Retrieved 19 August 2014.
- ^ Blair, David. "Seven Ukrainian soldiers killed in ambush". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 14 May 2014.
- ^ a b (11 May 2014) Ukraine: Funeral held for slain traffic police chief in divided Mariupol Euronews. Retrieved 26 May 2014.
- ^ "Mariupol police confirm death of traffic police chief Sayenko". Kyiv Post. 10 May 2014. Archived from the original on 10 May 2014. Retrieved 14 May 2014.
- ^ "Начальника міліції Маріуполя звільнили - з травмами, але живий | Українська правда" [Mariupol police chief fired - with injuries but alive & # 124; Ukrainian Pravda]. Ukrayinska Pravda. Retrieved 14 May 2014.
- ^ "Mariupol holds day of mourning on May 10 – City Council". Interfax-Ukraine. 10 May 2014. Retrieved 19 May 2014.
- ^ Blair, David (10 May 2014) Ukraine: Security forces abandon Mariupol ahead of referendum The Daily Telegraph.
- ^ Neistat, Anna (10 May 2014). "Dispatches: Truth a Casualty in Ukraine Conflict". Human Rights Watch. Retrieved 14 October 2014.
- ^ "В Мариуполе открыли памятник героям, защитившим воинскую часть №3057 весной 2014-го (ФОТО)" [Monument to heroes who defended military unit №3057 unveiled in Mariupol in spring 2014 (PHOTOS)]. 0629.com.ua - Сайт города Мариуполя.
- ^ Рік визволення. Маріуполь після ДНР (Year of liberation. Mariupol after the DNR) Archived 15 October 2016 at the Wayback Machine / The year of Freedom. Mariupol after DNR [English subs] — документальний фільм
- ^ "Военный парад, турнир и концерт: как Мариуполь отметит 5-летие освобождения" [Military parade, tournament and concert: how Mariupol will celebrate the 5th anniversary of liberation].
- ^ "Годовщина освобождения Мариуполя: как 5 лет назад силы АТО прогнали врага из города" [Anniversary of the liberation of Mariupol: how 5 years ago the anti-terrorist operation forces drove the enemy out of the city].
- ^ "Zelenskiy Visits Mariupol As City Celebrates Fifth Anniversary Of 'Liberation'". www.rferl.org.
- ^ "Мариуполь отметит 5-летие освобождения военным парадом и концертом ТНМК и Tayanna" [Mariupol will mark the 5th anniversary of the liberation with a military parade and a concert by TNMK and Tayanna].
- ^ "В Мариуполе начался праздничный уикенд, посвященный 5-летию освобождения города от оккупантов" [A festive weekend dedicated to the 5th anniversary of the liberation of the city from the occupiers has started in Mariupol]. YouTube.
- 2014 in Ukraine
- All articles needing coordinates
- Articles containing Ukrainian-language text
- Articles containing video clips
- Articles missing coordinates without coordinates on Wikidata
- Articles with short description
- Battles in 2014
- Battles involving the Donetsk People's Republic
- Battles of the war in Donbas
- History of Mariupol
- June 2014 events in Ukraine
- May 2014 events in Ukraine
- Short description matches Wikidata
- Ukraine articles missing geocoordinate data
- Use British English from March 2018
- Use dmy dates from May 2014
- Webarchive template wayback links
The content of this page is based on the Wikipedia article written by contributors..
The text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike Licence & the media files are available under their respective licenses; additional terms may apply.
Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a non-profit organization & is not affiliated to WikiZ.com.