|Builders||Thornycroft, Church Wharf, Chiswick|
|Preceded by||Ferret class|
|Succeeded by||Charger class|
|Type||Torpedo boat destroyer|
|Displacement||245 long tons (249 t) (light); 301 long tons (306 t) (full load)|
|Length||201 ft 8 in (61.47 m) (overall); 201 ft 6 in (61.42 m) (waterline)|
|Beam||19 ft (5.8 m) (overall)|
|Draught||7 ft 3.25 in (2.2162 m)|
|Depth||13 ft (4.0 m)|
The three Ardent-class torpedo boat destroyers ("Thornycroft 27-knot (50 km/h) ") were ordered by the British Admiralty on 12 October 1893  and served with the Royal Navy. Built by Thornycroft for a contract price of £110,520 for all three vessels, they displaced 301 tons fully laden, and were 201 feet 8 inches (61.47 m) long overall.
The Ardent-class were derived from the preceding 26-knot (48 km/h) Daring class, but were larger and more powerfully engined. It was originally intended that they would be armed with one 12-pounder quick-firing gun forward and three 6-pounder guns, mounted on the broadside and aft, and three 18-inch torpedo tubes, one fixed in a bow mount and two on a revolving mount abaft the two funnels; however the fixed bow tube fitted in the preceding '26-knotter' type had subsequently been found to throw up too much spray and was removed, and in October 1893 it was agreed that the bow tube should be omitted, giving "a clean sharp stem with no projections" and instead two extra 6-pounder guns were installed en echelon amidships. These three ships - and the similar three Charger Class destroyers (ordered from Yarrow in the same week) - were the first TBDs to omit this fixed bow tube. They carried a complement of 2 officers and 48 ratings (comprising 20 deck department and 28 engine room compartment).
These three ship met the speed requirement of 27 knots for which they were designed. Over the measured mile and in three-hour trials they averaged the following power (ihp) and speed:
At her second preliminary trial, Ardent reached 29 knots with 407 r.p.m., the engines developing 5,044 ihp. However, Boxer was the fastest British destroyer among all the 27-knotters, her best run over the measured mile being 30¾ knots. In September 1913 the Admiralty re-classed all the remaining 27-knotter destroyers as 'A' Class; this applied to both Boxer and Bruiser, although the Ardent herself had already been scrapped. Bruiser was sold for scrap eight months later, prior to the start of WW1, while Boxer was the oldest destroyer in service in the Royal Navy during the First World War, although the oldest destroyer-type vessel was the large 'torpedo boat/torpedo boat chaser' TB.81 (ex-Swift), a destroyer precursor.
Discover more about Ardent-class destroyer related topics
Vessels in class
|Ardent||John I. Thornycroft||297||£39,555||December 1893||16 October 1894||25 March 1895||Sold 10 October 1911|
|Boxer||John I. Thornycroft||298||£39,505||February 1894||28 November 1894||June 1895||Sunk in collision 8 February 1918|
|Bruiser||John I. Thornycroft||299||£39,406||April 1894||27 February 1895||June 1895||Sold 26 May 1914|
Source: "Ardent-class destroyer", Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, (2022, August 19th), https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ardent-class_destroyer.
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A-class destroyer (1913)
D-class destroyer (1913)
HMS Quail (1895)
HMS Hornet (1893)
Daring-class destroyer (1893)
HMS Ardent (1894)
HMS Bruizer (1895)
HMS Lynx (1894)
HMS Handy (1895)
HMS Fame (1896)
HMS Ariel (1897)
- ^ Lyon, op. cit., p.43
- ^ "Daring Class". battleships-cruisers.co.uk. Retrieved 27 July 2010.
- ^ "HMS Ardent Association Online". hmsardent.org.uk. Archived from the original on 25 July 2011. Retrieved 27 July 2010.
- ^ David Lyon, The First Destroyers, p.98.
- ^ David Lyon, The First Destroyers, p.206.
- Chesneau, Roger & Kolesnik, Eugene M., eds. (1979). Conway's All The World's Fighting Ships 1860–1905. London: Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-85177-133-5.
- Colledge, J. J.; Warlow, Ben (2006) . Ships of the Royal Navy: The Complete Record of all Fighting Ships of the Royal Navy (Rev. ed.). London: Chatham Publishing. ISBN 978-1-86176-281-8.
- Friedman, Norman (2009). British Destroyers: From Earliest Days to the Second World War. Barnsley, UK: Seaforth Publishing. ISBN 978-1-84832-049-9.
- Gardiner, Robert & Gray, Randal, eds. (1985). Conway's All The World's Fighting Ships 1906–1921. London: Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-85177-245-5.
- Lyon, David (2001) . The First Destroyers. London: Caxton Editions. ISBN 1-84067-364-8.
- Manning, T. D. (1961). The British Destroyer. Putnam & Co. OCLC 6470051.
- March, Edgar J. (1966). British Destroyers: A History of Development, 1892–1953; Drawn by Admiralty Permission From Official Records & Returns, Ships' Covers & Building Plans. London: Seeley Service. OCLC 164893555.
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