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Almaty International Airport

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Almaty International Airport

Халықаралық Алматы Әуежайы (Kazakh)
Almaty Airport logo.svg
Almaty Airport Osokin-1.jpg
Summary
Airport typePublic
OwnerGroupe ADP
OperatorTAV Airports Holding
ServesAlmaty
LocationAlmaty, Kazakhstan (inside city limits)
Hub for
Focus city for
Elevation AMSL681 m / 2,234 ft
Coordinates43°21′19″N 077°02′41″E / 43.35528°N 77.04472°E / 43.35528; 77.04472Coordinates: 43°21′19″N 077°02′41″E / 43.35528°N 77.04472°E / 43.35528; 77.04472
Websitealmaty-kazakhstan.net/travel/almaty-airport
Map
ALA/UAAA is located in Kazakhstan
ALA/UAAA
ALA/UAAA
Location in Almaty, Kazakhstan
ALA/UAAA is located in Asia
ALA/UAAA
ALA/UAAA
ALA/UAAA (Asia)
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
05R/23L 4,400 14,436 Concrete
05L/23R 4,500 14,764 Concrete
Statistics (2019)
Source: AIP Kazakhstan[2]

Almaty International Airport (IATA: ALA, ICAO: UAAA) (Kazakh: Halyqaralyq Almaty Äuejaiy) is a major international airport 15 km (9.3 mi) northeast of Almaty,[2] the largest city and commercial capital of Kazakhstan. It is the busiest airport in Kazakhstan, accounting for 6.42 million passengers in 2019.[3]

Discover more about Almaty International Airport related topics

IATA airport code

IATA airport code

A IATA airport code, also known as a IATA location identifier, IATA station code, or simply a location identifier, is a three-character alphanumeric geocode designating many airports and metropolitan areas around the world, defined by the International Air Transport Association (IATA). The characters prominently displayed on baggage tags attached at airport check-in desks are an example of a way these codes are used.

ICAO airport code

ICAO airport code

The ICAO airport code or location indicator is a four-letter code designating aerodromes around the world. These codes, as defined by the International Civil Aviation Organization and published in ICAO Document 7910: Location Indicators, are used by air traffic control and airline operations such as flight planning. ICAO codes are also used to identify other aviation facilities such as weather stations, international flight service stations or area control centers, whether or not they are located at airports. Flight information regions are also identified by a unique ICAO-code.

Kazakh language

Kazakh language

Kazakh or Qazaq is a Turkic language of the Kipchak branch spoken in Central Asia by Kazakhs. It is closely related to Nogai, Kyrgyz and Karakalpak. It is the official language of Kazakhstan and a significant minority language in the Ili Kazakh Autonomous Prefecture in Xinjiang, north-western China and in the Bayan-Ölgii Province of western Mongolia. The language is also spoken by many ethnic Kazakhs throughout the former Soviet Union, Germany, and Turkey.

International airport

International airport

An international airport is an airport with customs and border control facilities enabling passengers to travel between countries around the world. International airports are usually larger than domestic airports and most feature longer runways and facilities to accommodate the heavier aircraft such as the Boeing 747 commonly used for international and intercontinental travel. International airports often also host domestic flights, which often help feed both passengers and cargo into international ones.

Almaty

Almaty

Almaty, formerly known as Alma-Ata, is the largest city in Kazakhstan, with a population of about 2 million. It was the capital of Kazakhstan from 1929 to 1936 as an autonomous republic as part of the Soviet Union, then from 1936 to 1991 as a union republic and finally from 1991 as an independent state to 1997 when the government relocated the capital to Akmola.

List of the busiest airports in Kazakhstan

List of the busiest airports in Kazakhstan

This is a list of the busiest airports in Kazakhstan

Owners and management

The airport is registered under name of "JSC Almaty International Airport", which is owned by Turkish airport company TAV Airports Holding, as well as many other airports available worldwide.

History

Early years

The airport was built in 1935 for use by small civil and military aircraft.[4] Up to 1990, it was the part of Kazakh Department of Civil Aviation, and then reorganized into "Alma-Ata Airport" in 1991. Since 1993, it has run as an independent business unit. In 1994, it was reorganized into OJSC "Almaty Airport" and later renamed to JSC Almaty International Airport.

The supersonic transport (SST) Tupolev Tu-144 began service on 26 December 1975, flying mail and freight between Moscow and Alma-Ata in preparation for passenger services, which commenced in November 1977. The Aeroflot flight on 1 June 1978 was the Tu-144's 55th and last scheduled passenger service.

Following a runway reconstruction in 1998, Almaty airport was awarded a CAT II certificate and the status of an international airport.

On 9 July 1999, a fire started in the shashlik kitchen of the airport restaurant. The terminal building burned down in just a few hours, but without major injuries.

Development since 2000

Construction of a new terminal was completed in 2004. On 30 September 2008, a second runway was opened with the first departure being a BMI flight bound for London Heathrow. The new runway was also given an ICAO certificate for CAT III landings which will significantly reduce the number of planes diverting to nearby airfields due to low visibility, especially during the winter months. The runway is the longest in central Asia. The new runway can accept all types of aircraft without limitation of take-off weight and operation frequency.

Growth in connectivity is in danger of being compromised by airport infrastructure that is comparatively expensive and not keeping pace with demand growth. IATA is urging the Kazakhstan government to follow ICAO principles and eliminate differential ANSP charges between domestic and international carriers. Currently (2012), it is 18% more expensive to turn around an Airbus A320 in Almaty than at similarly sized airports in Europe. The differential rises to 43% for a Boeing 767.[5]

There were plans to build a new passenger terminal for international flights with six loading bridges and capacity up to 2,500 passengers per hour in the near future. A developed infrastructure complex consisting of a Marriott Hotel, conference halls, business center, shopping center and cinemas were planned to be within this terminal.

The new terminal was to be located along Kuldja Road to help reduce traffic on the way to the airport. However the terminal's construction was stopped due to managers postponing the project's construction in 2010 because of disagreements with Air Astana's plans for the terminal which was intended to serve Air Astana international flights while the existing terminal would serve domestic destinations. According to the managers, the problems of this plan would be that Air Astana would have faculties operating, and its planes transferring from one end of the runway to another which would create delayed transporting problems for Air Astana; since the runway lines would be busy with the having lack of space of creating new runways. There has been a conclusion to demolish the construction and rebuild the new terminal used for domestic and international flights. There are now plans to build a new airport in Kapchagai reservoir which is 48 km away from Almaty.[6]

On February 17, 2012, in Moscow, at the 32nd session of the Council on Aviation and the Use of Airspace of the Interstate Aviation Committee (IAC), Almaty International Airport was recognized as the best in the CIS and received the prize "For Achievements in the Development of International Airports".[7]

Protesters seized the airport on 5 January during the 2022 Kazakh unrest, halting flights. Kazakh President Kassym-Jomart Tokayev said that eight members of Kazakh security forces had been killed and the insurgents had hijacked five airplanes, and he appealed to Russian security forces to retake the facility.[8][9] On 7 January, TASS reported that Collective Security Treaty Organization troops had occupied the airport and restored order.[10]

In May 2022, a proposal was made to Deputy Prime Minister Roman Sklyar by a group of deputies from the People's Party of Kazakhstan to name the airport after Kazakh Soviet communist politician Dinmukhamed Kunaev.[11]

Discover more about History related topics

British Midland International

British Midland International

British Midland Airways Limited was an airline with its head office in Donington Hall in Castle Donington, close to East Midlands Airport, in the United Kingdom. The airline flew to destinations in Europe, the Middle East, Africa, North America and Central Asia from its operational base at Heathrow Airport, where at its peak it held about 13% of all takeoff and landing slots and operated over 2,000 flights a week. BMI was a member of Star Alliance from 1 July 2000 until 20 April 2012.

Air navigation service provider

Air navigation service provider

An air navigation service provider (ANSP) is a public or a private legal entity providing Air Navigation Services. It manages air traffic on behalf of a company, region or country. Depending on the specific mandate an ANSP provides one or more of the following services to airspace usersAir Traffic Management (ATM) Communication navigation and surveillance systems (CNS) Meteorological service for air navigation (MET) Search and rescue (SAR) Aeronautical information services/aeronautical information management (AIS/AIM).

Airbus A320 family

Airbus A320 family

The Airbus A320 family is a series of narrow-body airliners developed and produced by Airbus. The A320 was launched in March 1984, first flew on 22 February 1987, and was introduced in April 1988 by Air France. The first member of the family was followed by the longer A321, the shorter A319, and the even shorter A318 . Final assembly takes place in Toulouse in France; Hamburg in Germany; Tianjin in China since 2009; and in Mobile, Alabama in the United States since April 2016.

Boeing 767

Boeing 767

The Boeing 767 is an American wide-body aircraft developed and manufactured by Boeing Commercial Airplanes. The aircraft was launched as the 7X7 program on July 14, 1978, the prototype first flew on September 26, 1981, and it was certified on July 30, 1982. The original 767-200 entered service on September 8, 1982, with United Airlines, and the extended-range 767-200ER in 1984. It was stretched into the 767-300 in October 1986, followed by the 767-300ER in 1988, the most popular variant. The 767-300F, a production freighter version, debuted in October 1995. It was stretched again into the 767-400ER from September 2000.

Air Astana

Air Astana

Air Astana is an airline group based in Almaty, Kazakhstan. It operates scheduled international and domestic services on 64 routes from its main hub, Almaty International Airport, and from its secondary hub, Nursultan Nazarbayev International Airport. It is a joint venture between Kazakhstan's sovereign wealth fund Samruk-Kazyna (51%), and BAE Systems PLC (49%). It was incorporated in October 2001 and started commercial flights on 15 May 2002. It is one of a small number airlines which has required neither government subsidy nor shareholder financial support to overcome the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic, thus preserving its central corporate principle of financial, managerial and operational independence.

2022 Kazakh unrest

2022 Kazakh unrest

The 2022 Kazakh unrest, also known as Bloody January or the January tragedy, was a series of mass protests that began in Kazakhstan on 2 January 2022 after a sudden sharp increase in liquefied gas prices following the lifting of a government-enforced price cap on 1 January. The protests began peacefully in the oil-producing city of Zhanaozen and quickly spread to other cities in the country, especially the nation's largest city Almaty, which saw its demonstrations turn into violent riots, fueled by rising dissatisfaction with the government and widespread poverty. During the week-long violent unrest and crackdowns, 227 people were killed and over 9,900 were arrested, according to Kazakh officials.

Kassym-Jomart Tokayev

Kassym-Jomart Tokayev

Kassym-Jomart Kemeluly Tokayev is a Kazakh politician and diplomat who is currently serving as the President of Kazakhstan since 12 June 2019. Shortly before that, he served as acting president after the resignation of Nursultan Nazarbayev, who previously held the presidential post for nearly three decades.

Collective Security Treaty Organization

Collective Security Treaty Organization

The Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO) is an intergovernmental military alliance in Eurasia consisting of six post-Soviet states: Armenia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, and Tajikistan. The Collective Security Treaty has its origins in the Soviet Armed Forces, which was replaced in 1992 by the United Armed Forces of the Commonwealth of Independent States, and was then itself replaced by the successor armed forces of the respective independent states.

People's Party of Kazakhstan

People's Party of Kazakhstan

The People's Party of Kazakhstan ,}} originally the Communist People's Party of Kazakhstan (QKHP), is a left-wing political party in Kazakhstan, currently led by Ermūhamet Ertısbaev. The Secretaries of the Central Committee are Turgyn Syzdyqov, Gauhar Nugmanova, Viktor Smirnov and Jambyl Ahmetbekov.

Kazakhs

Kazakhs

The Kazakhs are a Turkic ethnic group native to northern parts of Central Asia, chiefly Kazakhstan, but also parts of Uzbekistan and Russia, as well as China and Mongolia. The Kazakhs are descendants of the ancient Turkic tribes and the medieval Mongolic or Turco-Mongol tribes.

Communism

Communism

Communism is a far-left sociopolitical, philosophical, and economic ideology and current within the socialist movement whose goal is the establishment of a communist society, a socioeconomic order centered around common ownership of the means of production, distribution, and exchange which allocates products to everyone in the society. Communist society also involves the absence of private property, social classes, money, and the state. Communists often seek a voluntary state of self-governance, but disagree on the means to this end. This reflects a distinction between a more libertarian approach of communization, revolutionary spontaneity, and workers' self-management, and a more vanguardist or communist party-driven approach through the development of a constitutional socialist state followed by the withering away of the state.

Politician

Politician

A politician is a person active in party politics, or a person holding or seeking an elected office in government. Politicians propose, support, reject and create laws that govern the land and by extension its people. Broadly speaking, a politician can be anyone who seeks to achieve political power in a government.

Airlines and destinations

Passenger

AirlinesDestinations
Air Arabia Sharjah
Air Astana[12] Aktau, Aktobe, Antalya, Astana, Atyrau, Baku, Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Beijing–Capital,[13] Bishkek, Chengdu–Shuangliu,[14] Colombo–Bandaranaike,[15] Delhi, Dubai–International, Dushanbe, Istanbul, Kyzylorda, London–Heathrow,[16] Malè, Oral, Oskemen, Seoul–Incheon, Shymkent, Tashkent, Tbilisi
Seasonal: Bodrum, Heraklion,[17] Podgorica[18]
Seasonal charter: Hambantota–Mattala,[19] Sharm El Sheikh
Air Seychelles Seasonal charter: Mahé[20]
airBaltic Seasonal: Riga
AnadoluJet Ankara[21]
Asiana Airlines Seoul–Incheon
Azerbaijan Airlines Baku
Belavia Minsk
FlyArystan Aktau, Aktobe, Astana, Atyrau,[22] Karagandy, Kokshetau, Kostanay, Omsk, Oral, Pavlodar, Petropavl, Semey, Shymkent, Taraz, Turkistan,[23] Yerevan[24]
flydubai Dubai–International
flynas Jeddah[25]
Hunnu Air Ulaanbaatar
Jazeera Airways Kuwait City[26]
Lufthansa Frankfurt
Neos Milan–Malpensa[27]
Nordwind Kaliningrad,[28] Samara[29]
Pegasus Airlines Ankara,[30] Antalya, Istanbul–Sabiha Gökçen
Qatar Airways Doha[31]
Qazaq Air Astana, Shymkent, Taraz[32]
Qeshm Air Tehran–Imam Khomeini
Red Wings Airlines Makhachkala, Moscow–Zhukovsky, Yekaterinburg
Rossiya Airlines Sochi[33]
S7 Airlines Novosibirsk
SCAT Airlines[34] Aktau, Aktobe, Astana, Atyrau, Balkhash,[35] Haikou,[36] Jeddah,[37] Karagandy, Kokshetau, Kostanay, Kyzylorda,[38] Medina,[37] Mineralnye Vody, Moscow–Sheremetyevo, Oral, Oskemen, Petropavl, Ras Al Khaimah,[39] Semey, Shymkent, Taraz, Zhezkazgan
Seasonal: Antalya,[40] Sanya
Seasonal charter: Hambantota–Mattala[41]
SkyUp Kyiv–Boryspil[42]
Somon Air Dushanbe
Sunday Airlines Seasonal charter: Antalya, Malè, Nha Trang, Sanya, Sharm El Sheikh
Turkish Airlines Istanbul
Turkmenistan Airlines Ashgabat
Utair Tyumen
Uzbekistan Airways Tashkent
VietJet Air Nha Trang[43]
Wizz Air Abu Dhabi[44]

Cargo

AirlinesDestinations
Cargolux[45] Luxembourg
Cargolux Italia[46] Milan–Malpensa
Qatar Airways Cargo[47] Doha, Hong Kong
Silk Way West Airlines[48] Baku
Turkish Cargo[49] Astana, Bishkek, Guangzhou, Istanbul, Seoul–Incheon, Shanghai–Pudong, Taipei–Taoyuan
UPS Airlines Cologne/Bonn, Seoul–Incheon, Shanghai–Pudong

Discover more about Airlines and destinations related topics

Air Arabia

Air Arabia

Air Arabia is an Emirati low-cost airline with its head office in the A1 Building Sharjah Freight Center, Sharjah International Airport, UAE. The airline operates scheduled services to 170 destinations in the Middle East, North Africa, the Indian subcontinent, Central Asia and Europe to 22 countries from Sharjah, 28 destinations in 9 countries from Casablanca, Fez, Nador and Tangier, 11 destinations in 8 countries from Ras Al Khaimah, and 6 destinations in 4 countries from Alexandria. Air Arabia's main base is Sharjah International Airport. There are also hubs in Ras Al Khaimah and Abu Dhabi and focus cities in Alexandria and Casablanca.

Air Astana

Air Astana

Air Astana is an airline group based in Almaty, Kazakhstan. It operates scheduled international and domestic services on 64 routes from its main hub, Almaty International Airport, and from its secondary hub, Nursultan Nazarbayev International Airport. It is a joint venture between Kazakhstan's sovereign wealth fund Samruk-Kazyna (51%), and BAE Systems PLC (49%). It was incorporated in October 2001 and started commercial flights on 15 May 2002. It is one of a small number airlines which has required neither government subsidy nor shareholder financial support to overcome the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic, thus preserving its central corporate principle of financial, managerial and operational independence.

Antalya Airport

Antalya Airport

Antalya Airport is an international airport located 13 km (8.1 mi) northeast of the city center of Antalya, Turkey. It is a major destination during the European summer leisure season due to its location at the country's Mediterranean coast. It handled 18,741,659 passengers in 2016, making it the third-busiest airport in Turkey. The airport has two international terminals and one domestic terminal. Antalya is one of the major airports in southwestern Turkey, the others being Bodrum and Dalaman. Among the top 50 busiest airports in the world by passenger numbers in 2021, Antalya saw the highest growth in passenger numbers at 125.8%. The airport's passenger numbers that year were among very few international airports to reach a level which matched or exceeded a normal operational year in the 2010s decade.

Atyrau Airport

Atyrau Airport

ATMA Atyrau Airport is an airport located 8 km (5.0 mi) northwest of Atyrau, Kazakhstan. It is the lowest international commercial airport in the world at 22 m (72 ft) below sea level.

Heydar Aliyev International Airport

Heydar Aliyev International Airport

Heydar Aliyev International Airport is one of the seven international airports serving Azerbaijan. Formerly, it was called Bina International Airport after a suburb of Baku. On 10 March 2004, the airport was renamed after Heydar Aliyev. The airport is 20 kilometers northeast of Azerbaijan capital Baku, connected to the city by a highway. The airport serves as the hub for national carriers Azerbaijan Airlines and Buta Airways.

Beijing Capital International Airport

Beijing Capital International Airport

Beijing Capital International Airport is one of two international airports serving Beijing, the other one being Beijing Daxing International Airport (PKX). It is located 32 km (20 mi) northeast of Beijing's city center, in an exclave of Chaoyang District and the surroundings of that exclave in suburban Shunyi District. The airport is owned and operated by the Beijing Capital International Airport Company Limited, a state-controlled company. The airport's IATA Airport code, PEK, is based on the city's former romanized name, Peking.

Chengdu Shuangliu International Airport

Chengdu Shuangliu International Airport

Chengdu Shuangliu International Airport is one of two international airports serving Chengdu, the capital of China's Sichuan province, the other one being Chengdu Tianfu International Airport (TFU), and a major air hub. Located about 16 kilometres (10 mi) southwest of downtown Chengdu to the north of Shuangliu District, Shuangliu airport is an important aviation hub for Western China. Shuangliu Airport is one of the two core hubs for Air China, together with Beijing, as well as the main hub and headquarters for Sichuan Airlines and Chengdu Airlines. China Eastern Airlines, China Southern Airlines, Shenzhen Airlines, Lucky Air and Tibet Airlines also have bases at Shuangliu Airport.

Bandaranaike International Airport

Bandaranaike International Airport

Bandaranaike International Airport (BIA) is the main international airport serving Sri Lanka. It is named after former Prime Minister S. W. R. D. Bandaranaike (1899–1959) and is located in a suburb of Negombo, 32.5 kilometres north of the nation's longstanding capital and commercial center, Colombo. It is administered by Airport and Aviation Services Ltd and serves as the hub of SriLankan Airlines, the national carrier of Sri Lanka, and domestic carrier Cinnamon Air. The other airport serving the city of Colombo is Colombo International Airport, Ratmalana.

Indira Gandhi International Airport

Indira Gandhi International Airport

Indira Gandhi International Airport is the primary international airport serving Delhi, the capital of India, and the National Capital Region (NCR). The airport, spread over an area of 5,106 acres (2,066 ha), is situated in Palam, Delhi, 15 km (9.3 mi) southwest of the New Delhi Railway Station and 16 km (9.9 mi) from New Delhi city centre. Named after Indira Gandhi (1917–1984), the former Prime Minister of India, it is the busiest airport of India in terms of passenger traffic since 2009. It is also the busiest airport in the country in terms of cargo traffic, overtaking Mumbai during late 2015. As of now, it is the one of the world's busiest airports by passenger traffic. It is the second busiest airport in the world by seating capacity, having a seating capacity of 3,611,181 seats, and the busiest airport in Asia by passenger traffic handling nearly 37.14 million passengers in 2021.

Dubai International Airport

Dubai International Airport

Dubai International Airport is the primary international airport serving Dubai, United Arab Emirates, and is the world's busiest airport by international passenger traffic. It is also the nineteenth-busiest airport in the world by passenger traffic, one of the busiest cargo airports in the world, the busiest airport for Airbus A380 and Boeing 777 movements, and the airport with the highest average number of passengers per flight. In 2017, the airport handled 88 million passengers and 2.65 million tonnes of cargo and registered 409,493 aircraft movements.

Dushanbe International Airport

Dushanbe International Airport

Dushanbe International Airport is an international airport in Dushanbe, the capital of Tajikistan. It is the main hub for Somon Air and is the home base for Tajik Air, which also has its headquarters on the property.

Istanbul Airport

Istanbul Airport

Istanbul Airport is the main international airport serving Istanbul, Turkey. It is located in the Arnavutköy district on the European side of the city.

Statistics

Check-in hall
Check-in hall
Apron view
Apron view

Annual traffic

Annual passenger traffic at ALA airport. See Wikidata query.
Annual passenger traffic[50][51][52]
Year Passengers % Change
2010 3,000,000 Steady
2011 3,665,538 Increase 22.2%
2012 4,003,004 Increase 9.2%
2013 4,323,224 Increase 8%
2014 4,588,866 Increase 6%
2015 4,905,307 Increase 6.9%
2016 4,878,450 Decrease 0.5%
2017 5,640,800 Increase 15.6%
2018 5,686,926 Increase 1%
2019 6,422,721 Increase 13%

Accidents and incidents

Discover more about Accidents and incidents related topics

Aeroflot Flight 4225

Aeroflot Flight 4225

Aeroflot Flight 4225 was a Tupolev Tu-154B-2 on a scheduled domestic passenger flight from Alma-Ata Airport to Simferopol Airport on 8 July 1980. The aircraft had reached an altitude of no more than 500 feet when the airspeed suddenly dropped because of thermal currents it encountered during the climb out. This caused the airplane to stall less than 5 kilometres from the airport, crash and catch fire, killing all 156 passengers and 10 crew on board. To date, it remains the deadliest aviation accident in Kazakhstan.

Aircraft registration

Aircraft registration

An aircraft registration is a code unique to a single aircraft, required by international convention to be marked on the exterior of every civil aircraft. The registration indicates the aircraft's country of registration, and functions much like an automobile license plate or a ship registration. This code must also appear in its Certificate of Registration, issued by the relevant civil aviation authority (CAA). An aircraft can only have one registration, in one jurisdiction, though it is changeable over the life of the aircraft.

Airspeed

Airspeed

In aviation, airspeed is the speed of an aircraft relative to the air. Among the common conventions for qualifying airspeed are:Indicated airspeed ("IAS"), what is read on an airspeed gauge connected to a Pitot-static system; Calibrated airspeed ("CAS"), indicated airspeed adjusted for pitot system position and installation error; Equivalent airspeed ("EAS"), calibrated airspeed adjusted for compressibility effects; True airspeed ("TAS"), equivalent airspeed adjusted for air density, and is also the speed of the aircraft through the air in which it is flying.

Aeroflot Flight 5463

Aeroflot Flight 5463

Aeroflot Flight 5463 was a Soviet domestic passenger flight from Chelyabinsk to Almaty which crashed on 30 August 1983 while approaching Almaty. The Tupolev Tu-134A collided with the western slope of Dolan Mountain at an altitude of 690 m (2,260 ft). As a result of the accident, all ninety people on board were killed. Crew error was cited as the cause of the accident.

Chelyabinsk

Chelyabinsk

Chelyabinsk is the administrative center and largest city of Chelyabinsk Oblast, Russia. It is the seventh-largest city in Russia, with a population of over 1.1 million people, and the second-largest city in the Ural Federal District, after Yekaterinburg. Chelyabinsk runs along the Miass River, and is just east of the Ural Mountains.

Instrument meteorological conditions

Instrument meteorological conditions

In aviation, instrument meteorological conditions (IMC) is a flight category that describes weather conditions that require pilots to fly primarily by reference to instruments, and therefore under instrument flight rules (IFR), rather than by outside visual references under visual flight rules (VFR). Typically, this means flying in cloudy or bad weather. Pilots sometimes train to fly in these conditions with the aid of products like Foggles, which are specialized glasses that restrict outside vision, forcing the student to rely on instrument indications only.

Elevator (aeronautics)

Elevator (aeronautics)

Elevators are flight control surfaces, usually at the rear of an aircraft, which control the aircraft's pitch, and therefore the angle of attack and the lift of the wing. The elevators are usually hinged to the tailplane or horizontal stabilizer. They may be the only pitch control surface present, and are sometimes located at the front of the aircraft or integrated into a rear "all-moving tailplane", also called a slab elevator or stabilator.

Bek Air

Bek Air

Bek Air was a Kazakh airline headquartered in Oral.

Bek Air Flight 2100

Bek Air Flight 2100

Bek Air Flight 2100 was a domestic passenger flight from Almaty to Nur-Sultan, Kazakhstan, operated by a Fokker 100 that crashed on 27 December 2019 while taking off from Almaty International Airport. Of the 98 people on board – 93 passengers and five crew, 13 died in the crash and 66 were injured. The Kazakh government started investigations the same day.

Fokker 100

Fokker 100

The Fokker 100 is a regional jet produced by Fokker in the Netherlands. The Fokker 100 is based on the Fokker F28 with a fuselage stretched by 18.8 ft (5.7 m) to seat up to 109 passengers, up from 85. It is powered by two newer Rolls-Royce Tay turbofans, and it has an updated glass cockpit and a wider wing and tail for increased maximum weights.

Antonov An-26

Antonov An-26

The Antonov An-26 is a twin-engined turboprop civilian and military transport aircraft, designed and produced in the Soviet Union from 1969 to 1986.

Border Service of the National Security Committee of the Republic of Kazakhstan

Border Service of the National Security Committee of the Republic of Kazakhstan

The Border Service of the National Security Committee of the Republic of Kazakhstan is a governmental paramilitary force that manages the international borders of Kazakhstan. August 18 is celebrated as the Day of the Border Troops, which is the professional holiday of the Border service.

Source: "Almaty International Airport", Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, (2022, November 25th), https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Almaty_International_Airport.

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References
  1. ^ a b "Almaty - Kazakhstan". world-airport-codes.com. Retrieved 18 November 2020.
  2. ^ a b "AIP Kazakhstan". Archived from the original on 30 June 2016. Retrieved 1 June 2016.
  3. ^ "Almaty Airport, Kazakhstan (ALA)". AirMundo. Retrieved 31 March 2022.
  4. ^ "Almaty International Airport". Airport Technology. Retrieved 23 May 2020.
  5. ^ "Building the 'Silk Road in the Sky' via Kazakhstan". The Gazette of Central Asia. Satrapia. 16 September 2012.
  6. ^ Бурдин, Виктор (16 May 2017). "Почему "Эйр Астана" против нового терминала аэропорта Алматы".
  7. ^ "Аэродром международного аэропорта Алматы назван лучшим в СНГ". www.aex.ru (in Russian). Archived from the original on 23 February 2012. Retrieved 14 December 2021.
  8. ^ Rodionov, Maxim; Trevelyan, Mark (5 January 2022). "Kazakh president seeks help from Russia-led security bloc". Reuters. Retrieved 31 August 2022.
  9. ^ "Kazakhstan president confirms takeover of Almaty airport | DW | 05.01.2022". Deutsche Welle. 5 January 2022. Retrieved 31 August 2022.
  10. ^ "Peacekeepers take control over Almaty airport - Russian Defense Ministry". TASS. Moscow. 7 January 2022. Retrieved 31 August 2022.
  11. ^ "Аэропорту Алматы предложили присвоить имя Кунаева". 27 April 2022.
  12. ^ "Air Astana – Timetable". Retrieved 29 August 2019.
  13. ^ "Air Astana Resumes Its 2nd Chinese Route Since COVID-19".
  14. ^ "Air Astana Resumes Its 2nd Chinese Route Since COVID-19".
  15. ^ "Air Astana launches scheduled services to Sri Lanka". www.anna.aero/. Anna Aero. 1 November 2021. Retrieved 3 November 2021.
  16. ^ "UK to gain new route to largest Kazakh city and financial hub".
  17. ^ "Air Astana launches new service to Crete". 5 April 2022.
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