|Part of a series on|
|Part of a series on|
Qasīdat al-Burda (Arabic: قصيدة البردة, "Ode of the Mantle"), or al-Burda for short, is a thirteenth-century ode of praise for the Islamic prophet Muhammad composed by the eminent Sufi mystic Imam al-Busiri of Egypt. The poem whose actual title is al-Kawākib ad-durriyya fī Madḥ Khayr al-Bariyya (الكواكب الدرية في مدح خير البرية, "The Celestial Lights in Praise of the Best of Creation"), is famous mainly in the Sunni Muslim world. It is entirely in praise of Muhammad, who is said to have been praised ceaselessly by the afflicted poet, to the point that Muhammad appeared in a dream and wrapped him in a mantle or cloak; in the morning the poet discovers that God has cured him.
Bānat Suʿād, a poem composed by Ka'b bin Zuhayr was originally called as Al-Burdah. He recited this poem in front of Muhammad after embracing Islam. Muhammad was so moved that he removed his mantle and wrapped it over him. The original Burdah is not as famous as the one composed by Imam al-Busiri even though Muhammad had physically wrapped his mantle over Ka'b not in a dream like in the case of Imam al-Busiri.
Discover more about Al-Burda related topics
The Burda is divided into 10 chapters and 160 verses all rhyming with each other. Interspersing the verses is the refrain, "My Patron, confer blessings and peace continuously and eternally on Your Beloved, the Best of All Creation" (Arabic: مولاي صل وسلم دائما أبدا على حبيبك خير الخلق كلهم). Each verse ends with the Arabic letter mīm, a style called mīmiyya. The 10 chapters of the Burda comprise:
- On Lyrical love yearnly
- On Warnings about the Caprices of the Self
- On the Praise of the Prophet
- On His Birth
- On His Miracles
- On the Exalted Stature and Miraculous Merits of the Qur'an
- On the Ascension of the Prophet
- On the Struggle of Allah's Messenger
- On Seeking Intercession through the Prophet
- On Intimate Discourse and the Petition of One's State.
Discover more about Composition related topics
Sufi Muslims have traditionally venerated the poem. It is memorized and recited in congregations, and its verses decorate the walls of public buildings and mosques. This poem decorated Al-Masjid al-Nabawi (the mosque of Muhammad) in Medina for centuries but was erased but for two lines. Over 90 commentaries have been written on this poem and it has been translated into Hausa, Persian, Urdu, Turkish, Berber, Punjabi, English, French, German, Sindhi, Saraiki, Norwegian, Chinese (called Tianfangshijing), and other languages. It is known and recited by a large number of Sunni Muslims, ordinarily and on special occasions, such as Mawlid, making it one of the most recited poems in the world.
Discover more about Popularity related topics
The poem has seen several different translations, into a variety of languages. Arguably the most important translation of recent times is that by Timothy Winter into English. The book was also translated into four different languages: Persian, Urdu, Punjabi and English by Dr. Muhammad Hamid.
The full rendition of this famous poem has been produced by The Adel Brothers. They have sung the full poem in over 20 different styles.
The Burda was accepted within Sufi Islam and was the subject of numerous commentaries by mainstream Sufi scholars such as Ibn Hajar al-Haytami, Nazifi and Qastallani It was also studied by the Shafi'i hadith master Ibn Hajar al-Asqalani (d. 852 A.H.) both by reading the text out loud to his teacher and by receiving it in writing from a transmitter who heard it directly from Busiri himself.
The founder of Wahhabism, Muhammad ibn Abd al-Wahhab, considered the poem to be shirk (idolatory).
Discover more about Legacy related topics
Source: "Al-Burda", Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, (2022, December 12th), https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Al-Burda.
Get our FREE extension now!
- ^ Blair & Bloom 1995, p. 113.
- ^ James 1983, p. 26.
- ^ "Anthology of Arabic Poems about the Prophet and the Faith of Islam Containing the Famous Poem of Al-Busaree". Archived from the original on 2009-12-10. Retrieved 2009-11-11.
- ^ "The poem of the scarf by Shaikh Faizullah Bhai B. A. – University of Bombay – Published by Taj Company Ltd". Archived from the original on 2009-12-10. Retrieved 2009-11-11.
- ^ "BBC – Religions – Islam: al-Burda". Retrieved 2016-12-17.
- ^ See section, "Popularity"
- ^ "Imam al-Busiri, The Mantle Adorned", Timothy Winter (Abdal Hakim Murad), (London: Quilliam Press, 2009)
- ^ 'The Mantle of Praise', see 'External links' below.
- ^ Meri, Josef W. (2005-10-31). Medieval Islamic Civilization: An Encyclopedia. Routledge. p. 166. ISBN 9781135455965.
- ^ a b Krätli, Graziano; Lydon, Ghislaine (2011-01-01). The Trans-Saharan Book Trade: Manuscript Culture, Arabic Literacy and Intellectual History in Muslim Africa. BRILL. p. 126. ISBN 978-9004187429.
- ^ Lewis, B.; Menage, V.L.; Pellat, Ch.; Schacht, J. (1997) [1st. pub. 1978]. Encyclopaedia of Islam. Vol. IV (Iran-Kha) (New ed.). Leiden, Netherlands: Brill. p. 737. ISBN 9004078193.
- ^ Sobieroj, Florian (2016-05-24). Variance in Arabic Manuscripts: Arabic Didactic Poems from the Eleventh to the Seventeenth Centuries – Analysis of Textual Variance and Its Control in the Manuscripts. Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG. p. 65. ISBN 9783110460001.
- ^ Commins, David (2006-02-20). The Wahhabi Mission and Saudi Arabia. I.B.Tauris. pp. 59. ISBN 9781845110802.
The Wahhai mission.
- Blair, Sheila S.; Bloom, Jonathan M. (1995). The Art and Architecture of Islam. 1250 - 1800. Yale University Press. ISBN 9780300058888.
- James, David (1983). The Arab Book. Chester Beatty Library.
- Qasida Burda – Qasida Burda (the nasheed)
- Al-Burda on the BBC
- Iqra.net: The Prophet's Mantle
- Translation of al-Burda and other resources
- Recitation of Qasida Al Burda
- MA Thesis: Understanding the Poem of the Burdah in Sufi Commentaries
- The Mantle Adorned a translation by Timothy Winter
- 'The Mantle of Praise' Full rendition of the Qasida Burda by The Adel Brothers
- Muhammad in History, Thought, and Culture: An Encyclopedia of the Prophet of God (2 vols.), Edited by C. Fitzpatrick and A. Walker, Santa Barbara, ABC-CLIO, 2014. ISBN 1610691776
- La Burda du désert, Touria Ikbal, Faiza Tidjani & Muhammad Vâlsan, Edited by Science sacrée, 2015. ISBN 9782915059106
- Al Borda (Le manteau): Poème consacré à l’éloge du Prophète de l’Islam (sur lui la prière et le salut) Broché , TEMASAMANI Chebagouda Abdelhamid– 16 novembre 2020 ISBN 979-8560378806
- Articles containing Arabic-language text
- Articles with BNF identifiers
- Articles with FAST identifiers
- Articles with GND identifiers
- Articles with J9U identifiers
- Articles with LCCN identifiers
- Articles with TDVİA identifiers
- Articles with VIAF identifiers
- Articles with WorldCat-VIAF identifiers
- Articles with multiple identifiers
- CS1: long volume value
- Islamic poetry
- Medieval Arabic poems
- Sufi literature
- Sunni literature
- Works by Al-Busiri
The content of this page is based on the Wikipedia article written by contributors..
The text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike Licence & the media files are available under their respective licenses; additional terms may apply.
Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a non-profit organization & is not affiliated to WikiZ.com.