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Compañía Boliviana de Transporte Aéreo Privado Aerosur S.A.
AeroSur logo updated.svg
IATA ICAO Callsign
5L RSU AEROSUR
FoundedApril 1992
Ceased operationsMay 17, 2012
HubsViru Viru International Airport
Secondary hubsEl Alto International Airport
Frequent-flyer programClub AeroSur[1]
Subsidiaries
  • AeroSur Cargo
  • AeroSur Paraguay
Fleet size6
Destinations16
HeadquartersSanta Cruz de la Sierra, Bolivia
Key peopleHumberto Roca (CEO)
Websiteaerosur.com

Compañía Boliviana de Transporte Aéreo Privado Aerosur, S.A.[2] (shortened and styled AeroSur) was a privately owned airline from Bolivia, which served as the country's flag carrier since 1998,[3] along with state-owned Boliviana de Aviación. Headquartered in Santa Cruz de la Sierra,[4] it operated a network of domestic and international scheduled passenger flights with its hub at the city's Viru Viru International Airport.[5] As of 2010, the airline had 1200 employees.[6]

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S.A. (corporation)

S.A. (corporation)

The abbreviation S.A. or SA designates a type of limited company in certain countries, most of which have a Romance language as their official language and employ civil law. Originally, shareholders could be literally anonymous and collect dividends by surrendering coupons attached to their share certificates. Dividends were therefore paid to whoever held the certificate. Share certificates could be transferred privately, and therefore the management of the company would not necessarily know who owned its shares.

Airline

Airline

An airline is a company that provides air transport services for traveling passengers and freight. Airlines use aircraft to supply these services and may form partnerships or alliances with other airlines for codeshare agreements, in which they both offer and operate the same flight. Generally, airline companies are recognized with an air operating certificate or license issued by a governmental aviation body. Airlines may be scheduled or charter operators.

Bolivia

Bolivia

Bolivia, officially the Plurinational State of Bolivia, is a landlocked country located in western-central South America. It is bordered by Brazil to the north and east, Paraguay to the southeast, Argentina to the south, Chile to the southwest and Peru to the west. The seat of government and executive capital is La Paz, while the constitutional capital is Sucre. The largest city and principal industrial center is Santa Cruz de la Sierra, located on the Llanos Orientales, a mostly flat region in the east of the country.

Flag carrier

Flag carrier

A flag carrier is a transport company, such as an airline or shipping company, that, being locally registered in a given sovereign state, enjoys preferential rights or privileges accorded by the government for international operations.

Boliviana de Aviación

Boliviana de Aviación

Empresa Pública Nacional Estratégica Boliviana de Aviación, operating as Boliviana de Aviación or BoA, is the flag carrier airline of Bolivia and is wholly owned by the country's government. It was established in October 2007 and began operations in March 2009. The airline is headquartered in Cochabamba with its main hub at Jorge Wilstermann International Airport and focus cities at El Alto International Airport and Viru Viru International Airport. Most international flights, however, including long-haul services to Madrid and Miami, operate out of Viru Viru in Santa Cruz de la Sierra. Boliviana de Aviación currently flies to 13 destinations in 5 countries and is the largest airline in Bolivia in terms of fleet size and passengers carried.

Airline hub

Airline hub

An airline hub or hub airport is an airport used by one or more airlines to concentrate passenger traffic and flight operations. Hubs serve as transfer points to help get passengers to their final destination. It is part of the hub-and-spoke system. An airline may operate flights from several non-hub (spoke) cities to the hub airport, and passengers traveling between spoke cities connect through the hub. This paradigm creates economies of scale that allow an airline to serve city-pairs that could otherwise not be economically served on a non-stop basis. This system contrasts with the point-to-point model, in which there are no hubs and nonstop flights are instead offered between spoke cities. Hub airports also serve origin and destination (O&D) traffic.

Viru Viru International Airport

Viru Viru International Airport

Viru Viru International Airport in Santa Cruz de la Sierra is Bolivia's largest international airport. Viru Viru handles domestic, regional, and international flights from Bolivia, North America, South America and Europe and is the hub for Bolivia's biggest airline Boliviana de Aviación. The airport is able to handle aircraft up to the Boeing 747-400.

History

Foundation and background

AeroSur was established in April 1992, following the deregulation of the Bolivian airline market, which previously had been controlled by state-owned Lloyd Aéreo Boliviano. Revenue flights on regional routes were commenced on August 24 of that year,[3] using an initial fleet of Fairchild Swearingen Metroliner and British Aerospace 146 aircraft. The airline's first flight was from Santa Cruz to Potosí.

Over the following years, larger Boeing 727-200 airliners were acquired, allowing for a growth of network size and passenger numbers.

Further expansion in the 21st century

51st President of Bolivia, Hugo Banzer
51st President of Bolivia, Hugo Banzer

During the 2000s AeroSur renewed and expanded its fleet, introducing larger aircraft of the types Boeing 747 and Boeing 757,[7] which made the inauguration of long-haul flights possible. In 2002, President Hugo Banzer declared the airline the flag carrier of the Republic of Bolivia (línea aérea bandera), in that very year AeroSur became the first airline in Bolivia to offer business and first class flights. In 2004, AeroSur had started to operate nostalgic flights with a Douglas C-117 to tourist destinations such as the Salar de Uyuni and Rurrenabaque, both of which are internationally recognized.

When Lloyd Aéreo Boliviano went bankrupt in 2007, AeroSur became the largest airline of Bolivia and the only one with intercontinental flights (to Central and North America as well as to Europe). Since 2009, the domestic fleet of ageing Boeing 727s is replaced by more modern, though second-hand purchased Boeing 737 Classic airliners,[7] and looked to start a Peruvian subsidiary, however that project was suspended indefinitely.

The subsidiary dubbed AeroSur Paraguay was planned to operate two Boeing 737-200 aircraft of mainline AeroSur. The further development of the project was postponed in mid-2009 pending Paraguayan governmental approval, and later deferred indefinitely.[3] In 2010, AeroSur added five new aircraft to its fleet: three Boeing 737-300s, one Boeing 737-400 and a Boeing 767-200ER.

Bankruptcy

On March 31, 2012, the airline suspended operations because of unpaid taxes, but resumed all flights on April 6, except for its Madrid route. AeroSur had used a 747 leased from Virgin Atlantic on that route but had returned it to the lessor. The airline planned to resume that route with an ex-Aerolíneas Argentinas 747-400.[8][9] Ultimately, AeroSur struggled to keep its operations running smoothly and returned its 767 aircraft to the lessor.[8]

On May 17, 2012 AeroSur suspended all its flights again, and other airlines such as state-owned Boliviana de Aviación have since begun to fill the void left by AeroSur. The airline was in talks with potential US investor William Petty who signed a memorandum of understanding to invest up to US$15 million in the Bolivian carrier. AeroSur's air operator's certificate was revoked on July 20, 2012. A group of former employees, as well as William Petty, planned to create a new airline called TU Aerolínea,[8] but, as of 2018, nothing had happened as far as that venture.

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La Paz International Airport

La Paz International Airport

Manuel Márquez de León International Airport is an international airport located at La Paz, Baja California Sur, Mexico, near the Gulf of California. It handles national and international air traffic of the city of La Paz.

Deregulation

Deregulation

Deregulation is the process of removing or reducing state regulations, typically in the economic sphere. It is the repeal of governmental regulation of the economy. It became common in advanced industrial economies in the 1970s and 1980s, as a result of new trends in economic thinking about the inefficiencies of government regulation, and the risk that regulatory agencies would be controlled by the regulated industry to its benefit, and thereby hurt consumers and the wider economy. Economic regulations were promoted during the Gilded Age, in which progressive reforms were touted as necessary to limit externalities like corporate abuse, unsafe child labor, monopolization, pollution, and to mitigate boom and bust cycles. Around the late 1970s, such reforms were deemed burdensome on economic growth and many politicians espousing neoliberalism started promoting deregulation.

Lloyd Aéreo Boliviano

Lloyd Aéreo Boliviano

Lloyd Aéreo Boliviano S.A.M., was the flag carrier and principal airline of Bolivia from 1925 until it ceased operations in 2010. Before its demise it was headquartered in Cochabamba and had its main hubs at Jorge Wilstermann International Airport and Viru Viru International Airport. Founded in September 1925, it was the second oldest airline in South America after Avianca and one of the oldest airlines in the world.

Fairchild Swearingen Metroliner

Fairchild Swearingen Metroliner

The Fairchild Swearingen Metroliner is a 19-seat, pressurized, twin-turboprop airliner first produced by Swearingen Aircraft and later by Fairchild Aircraft at a plant in San Antonio, Texas.

British Aerospace 146

British Aerospace 146

The British Aerospace 146 is a short-haul and regional airliner that was manufactured in the United Kingdom by British Aerospace, later part of BAE Systems. Production ran from 1983 until 2001. Manufacture by Avro International Aerospace of an improved version known as the Avro RJ began in 1992. A further-improved version with new engines, the Avro RJX, was announced in 1997, but only two prototypes and one production aircraft were built before production ceased in 2001. With 387 aircraft produced, the Avro RJ/BAe 146 is the most successful British civil jet airliner programme.

Potosí

Potosí

Potosí, known as Villa Imperial de Potosí in the colonial period, is the capital city and a municipality of the Department of Potosí in Bolivia. It is one of the highest cities in the world at a nominal 4,090 m (13,420 ft). For centuries, it was the location of the Spanish colonial silver mint. A considerable amount of the city's colonial architecture has been preserved in the historic center of the city, which - along with the globally important Cerro Rico de Potosí - are part of a designated UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Boeing 747

Boeing 747

The Boeing 747 is a large, long-range wide-body airliner designed and manufactured by Boeing Commercial Airplanes in the United States. After introducing the 707 in October 1958, Pan Am wanted a jet 2+1⁄2 times its size, to reduce its seat cost by 30% to democratize air travel. In 1965, Joe Sutter left the 737 development program to design the 747, the first twin-aisle airliner. In April 1966, Pan Am ordered 25 Boeing 747-100 aircraft and in late 1966, Pratt & Whitney agreed to develop its JT9D engine, a high-bypass turbofan. On September 30, 1968, the first 747 was rolled out of the custom-built Everett Plant, the world's largest building by volume. The first flight took place on February 9, 1969, and the 747 was certified in December of that year. It entered service with Pan Am on January 22, 1970. The 747 was the first airplane dubbed "Jumbo Jet", the first wide-body airliner.

Boeing 757

Boeing 757

The Boeing 757 is an American narrow-body airliner designed and built by Boeing Commercial Airplanes. The then-named 7N7, a twinjet successor for the 727, received its first orders in August 1978. The prototype completed its maiden flight on February 19, 1982 and it was FAA certified on December 21, 1982. Eastern Air Lines placed the original 757-200 in commercial service on January 1, 1983. A package freighter (PF) variant entered service in September 1987 and a combi model in September 1988. The stretched 757-300 was launched in September 1996 and began service in March 1999. After 1,050 had been built for 54 customers, production ended in October 2004, while Boeing offered the largest 737 NG variants as a successor.

Hugo Banzer

Hugo Banzer

Hugo Banzer Suárez was a Bolivian politician and military officer who served as the 51st president of Bolivia. He held the Bolivian presidency twice: from 1971 to 1978 in a military dictatorship; and then again from 1997 to 2001, as a democratically elected president.

Business class

Business class

Business class is a travel class available on many commercial airlines and rail lines, known by brand names which vary, by airline or rail company. In the airline industry, it was originally intended as an intermediate level of service between economy class and first class, but many airlines now offer business class as the highest level of service, having eliminated first-class seating. Business class is distinguished from other travel classes by the quality of seating, food, drinks, ground service and other amenities. In commercial aviation, full business class is usually denoted 'J' or 'C' with schedule flexibility, but can be many other letters depending on circumstances.

First class (aviation)

First class (aviation)

First class is a travel class on some passenger airliners intended to be more luxurious than business class, premium economy, and economy class. Originally all planes offered only one class of service, with a second class appearing first in 1955, when TWA introduced two different types of service on its Super Constellations.

Boeing 737 Classic

Boeing 737 Classic

The Boeing 737 Classic is a series of narrow-body airliners produced by Boeing Commercial Airplanes, the second generation of the Boeing 737 series of aircraft. Development began in 1979 and the first variant, the 737-300, first flew in February 1984 and entered service that December. The stretched 737-400 first flew in February 1988 and entered service later that year. The shortest variant, the 737-500, first flew in June 1989 and entered service in 1990.

Subsidiaries

AeroSur Paraguay's Boeing 737-200 at Santa Cruz de la Sierra in 2010
AeroSur Paraguay's Boeing 737-200 at Santa Cruz de la Sierra in 2010

The airline had two subsidiaries:

AeroSur Cargo

AeroSur had freight transport service nationwide and international with direct shipments. AeroSur did not operate any dedicated cargo aircraft, but used the cargo holds of its passenger aircraft for network-wide freight transport.

AeroSur Paraguay

AeroSur Paraguay was a brand of its parent company which was trying to become a future airline based at the Silvio Pettirossi International Airport, in Asunción, Paraguay and to be a subsidiary of the Bolivian airline.[10] Unfortunately, the brand could never be consolidated as one legitimate and legally operational airline, it only became the name for one of the Bolivian airline's aircraft that has already been withdrawn from its fleet due to the financial problems that afflict one of the most important private airlines in Bolivia in recent years.

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Destinations

AeroSur's destination network was organized around Viru Viru International Airport from where it offered services to various cities in South America, as well as direct flights to Miami and Madrid.

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Fleet

Last fleet

As of November 2011, the AeroSur fleet consisted of the following aircraft:[11][12]

AeroSur fleet
Aircraft In
service
Passengers Routes Notes
F B E Total
Boeing 727-200 1 0 12 138 150 Domestic
Boeing 737-300 4 0 12 114 126 Domestic, American
Boeing 747-400 1 14 58 379 451 Madrid leased from Virgin Atlantic
Total 6

Fleet development

Over the years, AeroSur operated the following aircraft types:[3][7][13]

Aircraft Total Introduced Retired Notes
Aero Commander 500 1 Un­known 1998
Airbus A330-200 1 2006 2008 Operated by Air Comet
British Aerospace 146-100 2 1992 1996
British Aerospace 146-200 2 1993 1995
Beechcraft Baron 1 1992 1993
Boeing 727-100 7 1995 2005
Boeing 727-200 13 2001 2012
Boeing 737-200 5 2003 2012
Boeing 737-300 5 2009 2012
Boeing 737-400 1 2010 2012
Boeing 747-100SR 1 2006 2007 Leased from Logistic Air
Boeing 747-300 1 2008 2010 Leased from Air Atlanta Icelandic
Boeing 747-400 1 2009 2012 Leased from Virgin Atlantic
Boeing 757-200 4 2006 2010 Leased from Ryan International Airlines
Boeing 767-200ER 2 2008 2012
Dornier 228 1 2003 2004 Leased from Aerocon
Douglas C-117 1 2004 2008 Leased from Líneas Aéreas Canedo
Fairchild Swearingen Metroliner 9 1992 1998
Let L-410 4 1992 1997
Piper PA-31 Navajo 1 1993 Un­known
Piper PA-34 Seneca 1 1993 Un­known
Yakovlev Yak-40 3 1995 2003

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Boeing 747-400

Boeing 747-400

The Boeing 747-400 is a large, long-range wide-body airliner produced by Boeing Commercial Airplanes, an advanced variant of the initial Boeing 747. The "Advanced Series 300" was announced at the September 1984 Farnborough Airshow, targeting a 10% cost reduction with more efficient engines and 1,000 nautical miles (1,900 km) of additional range. Northwest Airlines (NWA) became the first customer with an order for 10 aircraft on October 22, 1985. The first 747-400 was rolled out on January 26, 1988, and made its maiden flight on April 29, 1988. Type certification was received on January 9, 1989, and it entered service with NWA on February 9, 1989.

Virgin Atlantic

Virgin Atlantic

Virgin Atlantic, a trading name of Virgin Atlantic Airways Limited and Virgin Atlantic International Limited, is a British airline with its head office in Crawley, England. The airline was established in 1984 as British Atlantic Airways, and was originally planned by its co-founders Randolph Fields and Alan Hellary to fly between London and the Falkland Islands. Soon after changing the name to Virgin Atlantic Airways, Fields sold his shares in the company after disagreements with Richard Branson over the management of the company. The maiden flight from Gatwick Airport to Newark International Airport took place on 22 June 1984.

Adolfo Suárez Madrid–Barajas Airport

Adolfo Suárez Madrid–Barajas Airport

Adolfo Suárez Madrid–Barajas Airport, commonly known as Madrid–Barajas Airport, is the main international airport serving Madrid in Spain. At 3,050 ha in area, it is the second-largest airport in Europe by physical size behind Paris–Charles de Gaulle Airport. In 2019, 61.8 million passengers travelled through Madrid–Barajas, making it the country's busiest airport as well as Europe's sixth-busiest.

Miami International Airport

Miami International Airport

Miami International Airport, also known as MIA and historically as Wilcox Field, is the primary airport serving the greater Miami metropolitan area with over 1,000 daily flights to 167 domestic and international destinations, including most countries in Latin America. The airport is in an unincorporated area in Miami-Dade County, 8 miles (13 km) northwest of Downtown Miami, in metropolitan Miami, adjacent to the cities of Miami and Miami Springs, and the village of Virginia Gardens. Nearby cities include Hialeah, Doral, and the Census-designated place of Fontainebleau.

São Paulo/Guarulhos International Airport

São Paulo/Guarulhos International Airport

São Paulo/Guarulhos – Governor André Franco Montoro International Airport is the primary international airport serving São Paulo. It is popularly known locally as either Cumbica Airport, after the district where it is located and the Brazilian Air Force base that exists at the airport complex, or Guarulhos Airport, after the municipality of Guarulhos, in the São Paulo metropolitan area, where it is located. Since November 28, 2001, the airport has been named after André Franco Montoro (1916–1999), former Governor of São Paulo state. The airport was rebranded as GRU Airport in 2012.

Air Comet

Air Comet

Air Comet was an airline based in Madrid, Spain. It operated scheduled long-haul services from Madrid to 13 destinations in Central and South America, as well as services in Europe. Its main base was Terminal 1 at Madrid Barajas Airport. The airline cooperated with airlines such as AeroSur through codeshare agreements.

British Aerospace 146

British Aerospace 146

The British Aerospace 146 is a short-haul and regional airliner that was manufactured in the United Kingdom by British Aerospace, later part of BAE Systems. Production ran from 1983 until 2001. Manufacture by Avro International Aerospace of an improved version known as the Avro RJ began in 1992. A further-improved version with new engines, the Avro RJX, was announced in 1997, but only two prototypes and one production aircraft were built before production ceased in 2001. With 387 aircraft produced, the Avro RJ/BAe 146 is the most successful British civil jet airliner programme.

Beechcraft Baron

Beechcraft Baron

The Beechcraft Baron is a light twin-engined piston aircraft designed and produced by Beechcraft. The aircraft was introduced in 1961. A low-wing monoplane developed from the Travel Air, it remains in production.

Accidents and incidents

Awards and recognitions

Contributions

AeroSur also greatly supported the sport, especially football, where it created the Copa Aerosur and la Copa AeroSur del Sur and in mid 2009, the AeroSur Futsal Cup was organized for the first time, where CRE and AeroSur from Bolivia, River Plate of Argentina and President Hayes of Paraguay, in which the host team AeroSur won.

Many street signs amongst others in Cochabamba, such as the signs for C. Mexico street, were financed by AeroSur and to this day still bear the Airline's name.[16]

The remaining AeroSur planes today
The remaining AeroSur planes today

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Copa Aerosur

Copa Aerosur

The Aerosur Cup was a Bolivian football tournament held in the La Paz, Cochabamba and Santa Cruz, sponsored by Aerosur airline. The original idea was to make AeroSur Cup a tournament for the winning teams from previous seasons in the whole country of (Bolivia), this idea changed. Later on, the Cup became a tournament between the 6 best teams of the main cities: Wilstermann, Oriente Petrolero, Blooming, The Strongest and Bolivar, and Aurora. In 2008 the tournament was split in two competition:Copa Aerosur and Copa Aerosur del Sur. The AeroSur Cup from the south was created due to the requests from several South teams that are not taken into account in the Original Cup. The most important protagonists of the cup are: La Paz FC, Real Potosi, Universitario, San Jose, which can’t be considered small teams, as they have won 3 of the last 9 tournaments played in the Major League of Bolivian Soccer.

Club Atlético River Plate

Club Atlético River Plate

Club Atlético River Plate, commonly known as River Plate, is an Argentine professional sports club based in the Núñez neighborhood of Buenos Aires. Founded in 1901, the club is named after the English name for the city's estuary, Río de la Plata. Although many sports are practiced at the club, River Plate is best known for its professional football team, which has won Argentina's Primera División championship a record of 37 times, its latest title in 2021. Domestic achievements also include 14 national cups, with the 2021 Trofeo de Campeones as the most recent, making River Plate the country's most successful team in domestic competitions with a total of 51 top-division titles.

Club Presidente Hayes

Club Presidente Hayes

Club Presidente Hayes is a Paraguayan football (soccer) club from Tacumbú, a section of Asunción, Paraguay. The club is also known colloquially by its nicknames The Yankees and The Little Star. They play regularly in Asuncion's Kiko Reyes Stadium as part of the Paraguayan Soccer League. The club was founded in 1907 and participated in their first international tournament in the 1953 Copa Montevideo. It is one of several entities in Paraguay that were named in honor of Rutherford B. Hayes, the 19th President of the United States of America. Hayes, who was required to arbitrate an Argentine-Paraguayan territorial dispute in the Gran Chaco after the War of the Triple Alliance, decided in favour of Paraguay. The club is the former home of Paraguayans Néstor Benítez, Teófilo Barrios, Tomás Guzmán, Julio Valentín González and José Ariel Núñez, and foreigners Riki Kitawaki, Bryan Lopez, and Victor Cristaldo

Cochabamba

Cochabamba

Cochabamba is a city and municipality in central Bolivia in a valley in the Andes mountain range. It is the capital of the Cochabamba Department and the fourth largest city in Bolivia, with a population of 630,587 according to the 2012 Bolivian census. Its name is from a compound of the Quechua words qucha "lake" and pampa, "open plain." Residents of the city and the surrounding areas are commonly referred to as cochalas or, more formally, cochabambinos.

Source: "AeroSur", Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, (2022, November 25th), https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/AeroSur.

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References
  1. ^ Information about Club AeroSur at aerosur.comArchived December 24, 2011, at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ "DOE Accepted Carriers." Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory. Retrieved on January 23, 2011.
  3. ^ a b c d "Information about AeroSur at the Aero Transport Data Bank". Aerotransport.org. Retrieved 2018-01-29.
  4. ^ "Contact Information Archived 2010-01-30 at the Wayback Machine." AeroSur. Retrieved on February 27, 2010. "Central Office Santa Cruz de la Sierra Dirección: Av. Irala # 61"
  5. ^ "Directory: World Airlines". Flight International. 2007-04-03. p. 50.
  6. ^ a b History of AeroSur at aerosur.com Archived October 5, 2011, at the Wayback Machine
  7. ^ a b c "AeroSur fleet list at". Airfleets.net. Retrieved 2018-01-29.
  8. ^ a b c "AeroSur". ch-aviation. Retrieved 7 April 2012.
  9. ^ "AeroSur says that its activities are normal but admits "difficulties" (in Spanish)". Opinion.com.bo. Retrieved 2018-01-29.
  10. ^ http://www.ultimahora.com/home/index.php?p=nota&idNota=39239
  11. ^ "CH-Aviation - Airline News, Fleet Lists & More". Archived from the original on 2009-02-23. Retrieved 2008-09-04.
  12. ^ "Planespotters.net airline page". Archived from the original on 2012-06-14. Retrieved 2012-07-25.
  13. ^ "Aerosur fleet". aerobernie.bplaced.net. Retrieved February 20, 2021.
  14. ^ "1997 incident at the Aviation Safety Network". Aviation-safety.net. 1997-12-31. Retrieved 2018-01-29.
  15. ^ Hosteltur (2009-07-17). "News item about AeroSur receiving a Bizz Award, at hosteltur.com (in Spanish)". Hosteltur.com. Retrieved 2018-01-29.
  16. ^ "Plantean cambiar el sentido de la México y otras tres vías del centro". 2022-08-01.
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