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Abilene, Texas

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Abilene, Texas
Downtown Abilene
Downtown Abilene
Flag of Abilene, Texas
Nicknames: 
  • "The Key City"
  • "The Friendly Frontier"
Location in the state of Texas
Location in the state of Texas
Abilene, Texas is located in Texas
Abilene, Texas
Abilene, Texas
Abilene, Texas is located in the United States
Abilene, Texas
Abilene, Texas
Abilene, Texas is located in North America
Abilene, Texas
Abilene, Texas
Coordinates: 32°27′N 99°45′W / 32.450°N 99.750°W / 32.450; -99.750Coordinates: 32°27′N 99°45′W / 32.450°N 99.750°W / 32.450; -99.750
Country United States
State Texas
CountiesTaylor, Jones
Settled1881[1]
Incorporated (town)1881[1]
County seat1883[1]
Named forAbilene, Kansas[1]
County seatTaylor County
Government
 • TypeCouncil-Manager
 • City CouncilMayor Anthony Williams (R)[2]
Shane Price
Jack Rentz
Donna Albus
Weldon W. Hurt
Kyle McAlister
Travis Craver
 • City ManagerRobert Hanna
Area
 • City112.09 sq mi (290.32 km2)
 • Land106.67 sq mi (276.27 km2)
 • Water5.42 sq mi (14.05 km2)
Elevation
1,719 ft (527 m)
Population
 • City125,182 Increase
 • Density1,157/sq mi (447/km2)
 • Metro
170,219
 • Demonym
Abilenian
Time zoneUTC−6 (CST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
ZIP codes
79601-08 79697-99[5]
Area code325
FIPS code48-01000[6]
GNIS feature ID1329173[7]
InterstatesI-20.svg
U.S. RoutesUS 83.svg US 84.svg US 277.svg
Websiteabilenetx.com

Abilene (/ˈæbɪln/ AB-i-leen) is a city in Taylor and Jones counties in the U.S. state of Texas. Its population was 125,182 at the 2020 census.[9] It is the principal city of the Abilene metropolitan statistical area, which had an estimated population of 169,893, as of 2016. Abilene is home to three Christian universities: Abilene Christian University, McMurry University, and Hardin–Simmons University. It is the county seat of Taylor County.[10] Dyess Air Force Base is located on the west side of the city.

Abilene is located off Interstate 20, between exits 279 on its western edge and 292 on the east. It is 150 miles (240 km) west of Fort Worth. The city is looped by I-20 to the north, US 83/84 on the west, and Loop 322 to the east. A railroad divides the city down the center into north and south. The historic downtown area is on the north side of the railroad.

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Taylor County, Texas

Taylor County, Texas

Taylor County is a county located in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2020 census, its population was 143,208. Its county seat is Abilene. The county was created in 1858 and later organized in 1878. It is named for Edward Taylor, George Taylor, and James Taylor, three brothers who died at the Battle of the Alamo.

Jones County, Texas

Jones County, Texas

Jones County is a county located in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2020 census, its population was 19,663. Its county seat is Anson. The county was created in 1858 and organized in 1881. Both the county and its county seat are named for Anson Jones, the fourth and final president of the Republic of Texas.

Texas

Texas

Texas is a state in the South Central region of the United States. At 268,596 square miles (695,660 km2), and with more than 30 million residents in 2022, it is the second-largest U.S. state by both area and population. Texas shares borders with the states of Louisiana to the east, Arkansas to the northeast, Oklahoma to the north, New Mexico to the west, and the Mexican states of Chihuahua, Coahuila, Nuevo León, and Tamaulipas to the south and southwest; and has a coastline with the Gulf of Mexico to the southeast.

2020 United States census

2020 United States census

The United States census of 2020 was the 24th decennial United States census. Census Day, the reference day used for the census, was April 1, 2020. Other than a pilot study during the 2000 census, this was the first U.S. census to offer options to respond online or by phone, in addition to the paper response form used for previous censuses. The census was taken during the COVID-19 pandemic, which affected its administration. The census recorded a resident population of 331,449,281 in the fifty states and the District of Columbia, an increase of 7.4 percent, or 22,703,743, over the preceding decade. The growth rate was the second-lowest ever recorded, and the net increase was the sixth highest in history. This was the first census where the 10 most-populous states each surpassed 10 million residents, and the first census where the 10 most-populous cities each surpassed 1 million residents.

Abilene metropolitan area

Abilene metropolitan area

The Abilene metropolitan statistical area is a metropolitan statistical area in west-central Texas that covers three counties—Taylor, Jones, and Callahan. As of the 2020 census, the MSA had a population of 176,579.

Abilene Christian University

Abilene Christian University

Abilene Christian University (ACU) is a private Christian university in Abilene, Texas. It was founded in 1906 as Childers Classical Institute. ACU is one of the largest private universities in the Southwestern United States and has one of the 200 largest university endowments in the United States. Affiliated with Churches of Christ, the university is nationally recognized for excellence in service learning, undergraduate research, and undergraduate teaching.

McMurry University

McMurry University

McMurry University is a private Methodist university in Abilene, Texas. It was founded in 1923 and named after William Fletcher McMurry. The university offers forty-five majors in the fields of fine arts, humanities, social and natural sciences, education, business, and religion, and nine pre-professional programs, including nursing, dentistry, medicine, pharmacy, veterinary, and law.

Hardin–Simmons University

Hardin–Simmons University

Hardin–Simmons University (HSU) is a private Baptist university in Abilene, Texas. It is affiliated with the Baptist General Convention of Texas.

County seat

County seat

A county seat is an administrative center, seat of government, or capital city of a county or civil parish. The term is in use in Canada, China, Hungary, Romania, Taiwan, and the United States. The equivalent term shire town is used in the US state of Vermont and in some other English-speaking jurisdictions. County towns have a similar function in the Republic of Ireland and the United Kingdom, as well as historically in Jamaica.

Dyess Air Force Base

Dyess Air Force Base

Dyess Air Force Base (AFB) is a United States Air Force (USAF) base located about 7 miles (11 km) southwest of downtown Abilene, Texas, and 150 miles (240 km) west of Fort Worth, Texas.

Interstate 20 in Texas

Interstate 20 in Texas

Interstate 20 in Texas (I-20) is a major east–west Interstate Highway in the Southern United States, running east from a junction with I-10 east of Kent, Texas, through the Dallas–Fort Worth metroplex to the border with Louisiana near Waskom, Texas. The original distance of I-20 was 647 miles (1,041 km) from I-10 to the Louisiana border, reduced to the current distance of 636 miles (1,024 km) with the rerouting of I-20 in the 1980s and 1990s. I-20 is known as the Ronald Reagan Memorial Highway within the Dallas–Fort Worth metroplex.

Fort Worth, Texas

Fort Worth, Texas

Fort Worth is the fifth-largest city in the U.S. state of Texas and the 13th-largest city in the United States. It is the county seat of Tarrant County, covering nearly 350 square miles (910 km2) into four other counties: Denton, Johnson, Parker, and Wise. According to a 2022 United States census estimate, Fort Worth's population was 958,692. Fort Worth is the second-largest city in the Dallas–Fort Worth–Arlington metropolitan area, which is the fourth most populous metropolitan area in the United States.

History

An 1883 map of Abilene
An 1883 map of Abilene
The restored Texas & Pacific Railway depot in Abilene serves as the tourist information center.
The restored Texas & Pacific Railway depot in Abilene serves as the tourist information center.

Established by cattlemen as a stock shipping point on the Texas and Pacific Railway in 1881, the city was named after Abilene, Kansas,[1][11] the original endpoint for the Chisholm Trail. The T&P had bypassed the town of Buffalo Gap, the county seat at the time. Eventually, a landowner north of Buffalo Gap, Clabe Merchant, known as the father of Abilene, chose the name for the new town. According to a Dallas newspaper, about 800 people had already begun camping at the townsite before the lots were sold. The town was laid out by Colonel J. Stoddard Johnson, and the auction of lots began early on March 15, 1881. By the end of the first day, 139 lots were sold for a total of $23,810, and another 178 lots were sold the next day for $27,550.

Abilene was incorporated soon after being founded in 1881,[1] and residents began to set their sights on bringing the county seat to Abilene. In a three-to-one vote, they won the county election to do so. In 1888, the Progressive Committee was formed to attract businesses to the area, and in 1890 renamed itself as the Board of Trade. By 1900, 3,411 people lived in Abilene. In that decade, the Board of Trade changed its name to the 25,000 Club, in the hope of reaching a population of 25,000 by the next census. By 1910, though, the population had increased only to 9,204. Another group was formed, the Young Men's Booster Club, which became the Abilene Chamber of Commerce in 1914.

The cornerstone was laid in 1891 for Simmons College, the first of three universities in Abilene.[1] It later developed as Hardin–Simmons University. Childers Classical Institute was founded in 1906,[1] and developed as Abilene Christian University, the largest of the three. In 1923, McMurry College was founded; it later expanded its offerings as McMurry University.[1]

In the late 20th century, Abilene succeeded in gaining branches of Texas State Technical College and Cisco College. Headquarters of the latter institution are located in the city.

In 1940, Abilene raised the money to purchase land to attract establishment of a U.S. Army base, southwest of town. It was named Camp Barkeley. When fully operational, it was twice the size of Abilene, with 60,000 men. When the base closed after World War II, many worried that Abilene could become a ghost town, but as the national economy boomed, many veterans returned to start businesses in Abilene.

In the early-1950s, to advocate for an Air Force base, residents raised US$893,261 (equivalent to about $9,325,416 in 2021) to purchase 3,400 acres (14 km2) of land. The Southern block of Congressmen gained approval for such a base here. For decades, Dyess Air Force Base has been the city's largest employer, with 6076 employees in 2007.[12][13]

From 1950 to 1960, Abilene's population nearly doubled, from 45,570 to 90,638. In 1960, a second high school was added to the city's school system, Cooper High School.

In 1966, the Abilene Zoo was established near Abilene Regional Airport. The following year, one of the most important bond elections in the city's history passed for the funding of the construction of the Abilene Civic Center and the Taylor County Coliseum, as well as major improvements to Abilene Regional Airport. In 1969, the Woodson elementary and high school for black students closed as the city integrated its school system, more than 10 years after the US Supreme Court's ruling in Brown v. Board of Education (1954) that segregation of public schools was unconstitutional.

In 1982, Abilene became the first city in Texas to create a downtown reinvestment zone. Texas State Technical College opened an Abilene branch three years later. The 2,250-bed French Robertson Prison Unit was built in 1989. A half-cent sales tax earmarked for economic development was created after the decline in the petroleum business in the 1980s. A branch of Cisco College was located in the city in 1990.

Several major projects of restoration and new construction: The Grace Museum and Paramount Theatre, and development of Artwalk in 1992, sparked a decade of downtown revitalization. In 2004, Frontier Texas!, a multimedia museum highlighting the history of the area from 1780 to 1880, was constructed. That year an $8 million, 38-acre (150,000 m2) Cisco Junior College campus was built at Loop 322 and Industrial Boulevard. Simultaneously, subdivisions and businesses started locating along the freeway, on the same side as the CC campus. This area attracted Abilene growth on the Loop.

Abilene has become the commercial, retail, medical, and transportation hub of a 19-county area more commonly known as "The Big Country", but also known as the "Texas Midwest". It is part of the Central Great Plains ecoregion. By the end of 2005, commercial and residential development had reached record levels in and around the city.[14]

Timeline

Timeline of Abilene, Texas

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Abilene, Kansas

Abilene, Kansas

Abilene is a city in, and the county seat of, Dickinson County, Kansas, United States. As of the 2020 census, the population of the city was 6,460. It is home of The Dwight D. Eisenhower Presidential Library and Museum and the Greyhound Hall of Fame.

Chisholm Trail

Chisholm Trail

The Chisholm Trail was a trail used in the post-Civil War era to drive cattle overland from ranches in Texas to Kansas railheads. The trail was established by Black Beaver, a Lenape guide and rancher, and his friend Jesse Chisholm, a Cherokee merchant. They collected and drove numerous cattle along the trail to Kansas, where they could be shipped east to achieve higher prices. The southern terminus was Red River Station, a trading post near the Red River along the northern border of Texas. The northern terminus was a trading post near Kansas City, Kansas. Chisholm owned both of these posts. In the years of the cattle drives, cowboys drove large herds from ranches across Texas to the Red River Station and then north to Kansas City.

Buffalo Gap, Texas

Buffalo Gap, Texas

Buffalo Gap is an incorporated town in Taylor County, Texas, United States. It is part of the Abilene, Texas Metropolitan Statistical Area. The population was 464 at the 2010 census. It is the former county seat of Taylor County, having been supplanted in 1883 by the much larger Abilene to its north. Abilene won the referendum to be the county seat by a vote of 905–269.

Dallas

Dallas

Dallas is the third-largest city in Texas and the largest city in the Dallas–Fort Worth metroplex, the fourth-largest metropolitan area in the United States at 7.5 million people. It is the largest city in and seat of Dallas County with portions extending into Collin, Denton, Kaufman, and Rockwall counties. With a 2020 census population of 1,304,379, it is the ninth-most populous city in the U.S. and the third-largest city in Texas after Houston and San Antonio. Located in the North Texas region, the city of Dallas is the main core of the largest metropolitan area in the Southern United States and the largest inland metropolitan area in the U.S. that lacks any navigable link to the sea.

Hardin–Simmons University

Hardin–Simmons University

Hardin–Simmons University (HSU) is a private Baptist university in Abilene, Texas. It is affiliated with the Baptist General Convention of Texas.

Abilene Christian University

Abilene Christian University

Abilene Christian University (ACU) is a private Christian university in Abilene, Texas. It was founded in 1906 as Childers Classical Institute. ACU is one of the largest private universities in the Southwestern United States and has one of the 200 largest university endowments in the United States. Affiliated with Churches of Christ, the university is nationally recognized for excellence in service learning, undergraduate research, and undergraduate teaching.

Camp Barkeley

Camp Barkeley

Camp Barkeley was a large United States Army training installation during World War II. The base was located eleven miles (18 km) southwest of Abilene, Texas near what is now Dyess Air Force Base. The base was named after David B. Barkley, a Medal of Honor recipient during World War I. The camp was 70,229 acres (284.21 km2) in size and had a population of 50,000 at its peak of operation.

Ghost town

Ghost town

A ghost town is an abandoned village, town, or city, usually one that contains substantial visible remaining buildings and infrastructure such as roads. A town often becomes a ghost town because the economic activity that supported it has failed or ended for any reason. The town may also have declined because of natural or human-caused disasters such as floods, prolonged droughts, extreme heat or extreme cold, government actions, uncontrolled lawlessness, war, pollution, or nuclear disasters. The term can sometimes refer to cities, towns, and neighbourhoods that, though still populated, are significantly less so than in past years; for example, those affected by high levels of unemployment and dereliction.

Dyess Air Force Base

Dyess Air Force Base

Dyess Air Force Base (AFB) is a United States Air Force (USAF) base located about 7 miles (11 km) southwest of downtown Abilene, Texas, and 150 miles (240 km) west of Fort Worth, Texas.

Cooper High School (Abilene, Texas)

Cooper High School (Abilene, Texas)

O.H. Cooper High School is a public high school located in Abilene, Texas. It opened in 1960, in part to handle the increase in school age youth resulting from the Post World War II Baby Boom. It is one of three 4-year high schools within Abilene Independent School District.

Brown v. Board of Education

Brown v. Board of Education

Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, 347 U.S. 483 (1954), was a landmark decision by the U.S. Supreme Court, which ruled that U.S. state laws establishing racial segregation in public schools are unconstitutional, even if the segregated schools are otherwise equal in quality. The decision partially overruled the Court's 1896 decision Plessy v. Ferguson, which had held that racial segregation laws did not violate the U.S. Constitution as long as the facilities for each race were equal in quality, a doctrine that had come to be known as "separate but equal". The Court's decision in Brown paved the way for integration and was a major victory of the civil rights movement, and a model for many future impact litigation cases.

Cisco College

Cisco College

Cisco College is a community college in Cisco, Texas located in Eastland County between Fort Worth and Abilene, where Highways 183, 206, and 6 intersect Interstate 20. The main campus is 92 acres (370,000 m2) outside of Cisco, and the Abilene Educational Center is 38 acres (150,000 m2) in Abilene. The college is accredited to award associate degrees by the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools.

Geography

Abilene is located in northeastern Taylor County. The city limits extend north into Jones County. Interstate 20 leads east 149 miles (240 km) to Fort Worth and west 148 miles (238 km) to Midland. Three U.S. highways pass through the city. US 83 runs west of the city center, leading north 24 miles (39 km) to Anson and south 55 miles (89 km) to Ballinger. US 84 runs with US 83 through the southwest part of the city but leads southeast 52 miles (84 km) to Coleman and west with I-20 40 miles (64 km) to Sweetwater. US 277 follows US 83 around the northwest side of the city and north to Anson, but heads southwest from Abilene 89 miles (143 km) to San Angelo.

According to the United States Census Bureau, Abilene has a total area of 112.2 sq mi (290.6 km2), of which 106.8 sq mi (276.6 km2) are land and 5.4 sq mi (14.0 km2) are covered by water (4.82%). The water area is mainly from three reservoirs in the city: Lytle Lake southeast of downtown on the western edge of Abilene Regional Airport, Kirby Lake on the southeast corner of the US 83/84 and Loop 322 interchange, and Lake Fort Phantom Hill in Jones County in northern Abilene. Clear Creek runs through the city just east of downtown, flowing north to Elm Creek and ultimately part of the Brazos River watershed.

The fastest-growing sections of the city are in the southwest, along Southwest Drive, the Winters Freeway, and the Buffalo Gap Road corridor; the southeast, along Loop 322, Oldham Lane, Industrial Drive, and Maple Street; and in the northeast near the intersection of SH 351 and I-20. Many developments have begun in these three areas within the last few years with a citywide focus on the reinvigoration of downtown Abilene.[37]

Climate

According to the Köppen climate classification, Abilene lies at the edge of a humid subtropical climate, with areas to the west being semiarid.

Climate data for Abilene, Texas (1991−2020 normals)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 90
(32)
94
(34)
98
(37)
104
(40)
109
(43)
110
(43)
110
(43)
111
(44)
107
(42)
103
(39)
92
(33)
89
(32)
111
(44)
Mean maximum °F (°C) 80
(27)
83
(28)
89
(32)
94
(34)
99
(37)
101
(38)
103
(39)
103
(39)
98
(37)
93
(34)
84
(29)
79
(26)
105
(41)
Average high °F (°C) 58.8
(14.9)
62.8
(17.1)
70.9
(21.6)
79.2
(26.2)
86.3
(30.2)
92.8
(33.8)
96.4
(35.8)
96.0
(35.6)
88.7
(31.5)
79.3
(26.3)
67.8
(19.9)
59.4
(15.2)
78.2
(25.7)
Average low °F (°C) 33.7
(0.9)
37.4
(3.0)
45.3
(7.4)
52.8
(11.6)
61.9
(16.6)
69.5
(20.8)
73.1
(22.8)
72.4
(22.4)
65.0
(18.3)
54.7
(12.6)
43.3
(6.3)
35.2
(1.8)
53.7
(12.1)
Mean minimum °F (°C) 18
(−8)
18
(−8)
25
(−4)
35
(2)
45
(7)
60
(16)
66
(19)
63
(17)
51
(11)
36
(2)
25
(−4)
19
(−7)
13
(−11)
Record low °F (°C) −9
(−23)
−7
(−22)
9
(−13)
25
(−4)
33
(1)
44
(7)
54
(12)
48
(9)
38
(3)
23
(−5)
13
(−11)
−7
(−22)
−9
(−23)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 1.10
(28)
1.29
(33)
1.73
(44)
1.86
(47)
3.21
(82)
3.44
(87)
1.92
(49)
2.53
(64)
2.67
(68)
2.83
(72)
1.40
(36)
1.26
(32)
25.24
(641)
Average snowfall inches (cm) 0.7
(1.8)
1.0
(2.5)
0.1
(0.25)
0.3
(0.76)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.7
(1.8)
0.9
(2.3)
3.7
(9.4)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 4.7 5.4 6.0 5.0 7.7 7.0 5.1 5.9 5.8 6.6 4.6 5.1 68.9
Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 in) 0.9 0.7 0.3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.3 0.6 2.8
Mean monthly sunshine hours 204.6 203.4 263.5 282.0 306.9 330.0 347.2 316.2 258.0 248.0 198.0 192.2 3,150
Source: National Weather Service, San Angelo[38] Hong Kong Observatory (sun only, 1961–1990)[39]

Notable architecture

Notable and historical buildings in Abilene include:

  • Hotel Wooten (1930) at 302 Cypress Street downtown, built by grocery entrepreneur H. O. Wooten, at 16 stories tall, is designed after the Drake Hotel in Chicago. It was restored in 2004 as a high-end apartment building.
  • First Baptist Church (1954) at 1442 North Second Street has a spire 140 feet from the ground. Pastor Dr. Jesse Northcutt oversaw the planning of this building of 325 tons of steel.
  • The Church of the Heavenly Rest, Episcopal, at 602 Meander Street, reflects surprising Gothic architecture on the West Texas Plains. Its plaque reads: "No man entering a house ignores him who dwells in it. This is the house of God and He is here."
  • The 20-story Enterprise Tower at 500 Chestnut Street, the highest structure in Abilene, rises to 283 feet above the Plains. It is the tallest building in west-central Texas and one of the five highest in the western two-thirds of the state.
  • The Taylor County Courthouse at 300 Oak Street, with its international architectural style of concrete and pink granite, resembles few other courthouses.
  • Paramount Theatre at 352 Cypress Street opened in 1930 and restored in 1986 had an original marquee 90 feet tall, with 1,400 lights.
  • Lincoln Junior High School, 1699 South First Street. In 2012, the Abilene Independent School District deeded the property to the City of Abilene. This property was placed on the National Register of Historic Places on August 28, 2012. Built in 1923, the architecture is Gothic Revival and includes two large gargoyles at the entrance and has Gothic and art deco motifs. It opened as Abilene High School in 1924, became Lincoln Junior High in 1955, and Lincoln Middle School in 1985. The campus closed in 2007. As of 2019, the Abilene Heritage Square was renovating the school into "a multipurpose center for learning, making, discovery, building community and innovating and encouraging our city's future businesses."[40] The Abilene Public Library will also use the restored building as the new main branch.[41]

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Midland, Texas

Midland, Texas

Midland is a city in and the county seat of Midland County, Texas, United States. A small part of Midland is in Martin County.

Anson, Texas

Anson, Texas

Anson is a city in and the county seat of Jones County, Texas, United States. The population was 2,430 at the 2010 census. It is part of the Abilene, Texas metropolitan area. Originally named "Jones City", the town was renamed "Anson" in 1882 in honor of Anson Jones, the last president of the Republic of Texas.

Ballinger, Texas

Ballinger, Texas

Ballinger is a city in Runnels County, Texas, United States. The population was 3,767 at the 2010 census. It is the county seat of Runnels County. Downtown Ballinger features historic 1800s buildings with shops and restaurants.

Coleman, Texas

Coleman, Texas

Coleman is a town in and the county seat of Coleman County, Texas, United States. As of the 2010 census, its population was 4,709.

San Angelo, Texas

San Angelo, Texas

San Angelo is a city in and the county seat of Tom Green County, Texas, United States. Its location is in the Concho Valley, a region of West Texas between the Permian Basin to the northwest, Chihuahuan Desert to the southwest, Osage Plains to the northeast, and Central Texas to the southeast. According to a 2019 Census estimate, San Angelo had a total population of 101,004. It is the principal city and center of the San Angelo metropolitan area, which had a population of 118,182.

Abilene Regional Airport

Abilene Regional Airport

Abilene Regional Airport is a public airport 3 miles (5 km) southeast of Abilene, in Taylor County, Texas. It is within the Abilene city limits and owned and operated by the city.

Kirby Lake

Kirby Lake

Kirby Lake is a 740-acre man-made reservoir located on the south side of Abilene, Texas with a population of 125,000, just east of Highway 83, in the northeastern portion of Taylor County. Kirby Lake is within the Brazos River Basin, meaning that Cedar Creek, which feed Kirby Lake, eventually feeds into the Brazos River. Kirby Lake resides in the Red Prairies portion of the Central Great Plains ecoregion. Management is under the City of Abilene.

Fort Phantom Hill

Fort Phantom Hill

Fort Phantom Hill is a former United States Army installation located in Jones County, Texas. The fort was established in 1851 as part of a line of forts in Texas to protect migrants passing through the state on their way to California. The US Army abandoned the fort in 1854 and it was shortly thereafter mostly destroyed by fire. In 1858, it became a station of the Butterfield-Overland Mail route until it moved out of Texas with the beginning of the American Civil War in 1861. During the war, the fort was occupied by Confederate frontier troops until the Confederacy's defeat and surrender. Following the US Army's return to Texas after the Civil War, Fort Phantom Hill was used as a subpost of the larger, newer Fort Griffin until 1875.

Brazos River

Brazos River

The Brazos River, called the Río de los Brazos de Dios by early Spanish explorers, is the 11th-longest river in the United States at 1,280 miles (2,060 km) from its headwater source at the head of Blackwater Draw, Roosevelt County, New Mexico to its mouth at the Gulf of Mexico with a 45,000-square-mile (116,000 km2) drainage basin. Being one of Texas' largest rivers, it is sometimes used to mark the boundary between East Texas and West Texas.

Köppen climate classification

Köppen climate classification

The Köppen climate classification is one of the most widely used climate classification systems. It was first published by German-Russian climatologist Wladimir Köppen (1846–1940) in 1884, with several later modifications by Köppen, notably in 1918 and 1936. Later, German climatologist Rudolf Geiger (1894–1981) introduced some changes to the classification system, which is thus sometimes called the Köppen–Geiger climate classification.

Humid subtropical climate

Humid subtropical climate

A humid subtropical climate is a zone of climate characterized by hot and humid summers, and cool to mild winters. These climates normally lie on the southeast side of all continents, generally between latitudes 25° and 40° and are located poleward from adjacent tropical climates. It is also known as warm temperate climate in some climate classifications.

Precipitation

Precipitation

In meteorology, precipitation is any product of the condensation of atmospheric water vapor that falls from clouds due to gravitational pull. The main forms of precipitation include drizzle, rain, sleet, snow, ice pellets, graupel and hail. Precipitation occurs when a portion of the atmosphere becomes saturated with water vapor, so that the water condenses and "precipitates" or falls. Thus, fog and mist are not precipitation but colloids, because the water vapor does not condense sufficiently to precipitate. Two processes, possibly acting together, can lead to air becoming saturated: cooling the air or adding water vapor to the air. Precipitation forms as smaller droplets coalesce via collision with other rain drops or ice crystals within a cloud. Short, intense periods of rain in scattered locations are called showers.

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.Note
18903,194
19003,4116.8%
19109,204169.8%
192010,27411.6%
193023,175125.6%
194026,61214.8%
195045,57071.2%
196090,36898.3%
197089,653−0.8%
198098,3159.7%
1990106,7078.5%
2000115,9308.6%
2010117,0631.0%
2020125,1826.9%
U.S. Census Bureau[42]
Abilene racial composition as of 2020[43]
(NH = Non-Hispanic)[a]
Race Number Percentage
White (NH) 70,391 56.23%
Black or African American (NH) 12,242 9.78%
Native American or Alaska Native (NH) 496 0.4%
Asian (NH) 2,678 2.14%
Pacific Islander (NH) 141 0.11%
Some Other Race (NH) 388 0.31%
Mixed/Multi-Racial (NH) 5,212 4.16%
Hispanic or Latino 33,634 26.87%
Total 125,182

As of the census[6] of 2000, 115,930 people, 41,570 households, and 28,101 families resided in the city. The population density was 1,102.7 people per square mile (425.8/km2). The 45,618 housing units averaged 433.9 per square mile (167.5/km2). As of the 2010 census, Abilene had a population of 117,063. In 2020, its population was 125,182, with 43,607 households and 28,118 families residing in the city.[43]

In 2000, the racial makeup of the city was 78.07% white, 8.81% African American, 0.55% Native American, 1.33% Asian, 0.07% Pacific Islander, 8.73% from other races, and 2.44% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 19.45% of the population. The racial and ethnic makeup of the population in 2010 was 62.4% non-Hispanic White, 9.6% Black or African American, 0.7% Native American, 1.7% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.1% non-Hispanic reporting some other race, 3.3% of two or more races, and 24.5% Hispanic or Latino. By 2020, its racial and ethnic composition was 56.23% non-Hispanic white, 9.78% Black or African American, 0.4% Native American, 2.14% Asian, 0.11% Pacific Islander, 0.31% some other race, 4.16% multiracial, and 26.87% Hispanic or Latino of any race.[43]

At the 2000 census, the median income for a household in the city was $33,007, and for a family was $40,028. Males had a median income of $28,078 versus $20,918 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,577. About 10.9% of families and 15.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.6% of those under age 18 and 9.2% of those age 65 or over. At the 2020 American Community Survey, the median household income in the city was $52,518.[46] The mean household income was $70,807.[47]

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1890 United States census

1890 United States census

The United States census of 1890 was taken beginning June 2, 1890, but most of the 1890 census materials were destroyed in 1921 when a building caught fire and in the subsequent disposal of the remaining damaged records. It determined the resident population of the United States to be 62,979,766—an increase of 25.5 percent over the 50,189,209 persons enumerated during the 1880 census. The data reported that the distribution of the population had resulted in the disappearance of the American frontier.

1900 United States census

1900 United States census

The United States census of 1900, conducted by the Census Office on June 1, 1900, determined the resident population of the United States to be 76,212,168, an increase of 21.01% from the 62,979,766 persons enumerated during the 1890 census.

1910 United States census

1910 United States census

The United States census of 1910, conducted by the Census Bureau on April 15, 1910, determined the resident population of the United States to be 92,228,496, an increase of 21 percent over the 76,212,168 persons enumerated during the 1900 census. The 1910 census switched from a portrait page orientation to a landscape orientation.

1920 United States census

1920 United States census

The United States census of 1920, conducted by the Census Bureau during one month from January 5, 1920, determined the resident population of the United States to be 106,021,537, an increase of 15.0 percent over the 92,228,496 persons enumerated during the 1910 census.

1930 United States census

1930 United States census

The United States census of 1930, conducted by the Census Bureau one month from April 1, 1930, determined the resident population of the United States to be 122,775,046, an increase of 13.7 percent over the 106,021,537 persons enumerated during the 1920 census.

1940 United States census

1940 United States census

The United States census of 1940, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 132,164,569, an increase of 7.6 percent over the 1930 population of 122,775,046 people. The census date of record was April 1, 1940.

1950 United States census

1950 United States census

The United States census of 1950, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 150,697,361, an increase of 14.5 percent over the 131,669,275 persons enumerated during the 1940 census.

1960 United States census

1960 United States census

The United States census of 1960, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 179,323,175, an increase of 19 percent over the 151,325,798 persons enumerated during the 1950 census. This was the first census in which all states recorded a population of over 200,000. This census's data determined the electoral votes for the 1964 and 1968 presidential elections. This was also the last census in which New York was the most populous state.

1970 United States census

1970 United States census

The United States census of 1970, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 203,392,031, an increase of 13.4 percent over the 179,323,175 persons enumerated during the 1960 census.

1980 United States census

1980 United States census

The United States census of 1980, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 226,545,805, an increase of 11.4 percent over the 203,184,772 persons enumerated during the 1970 census. It was the first census in which a state—California—recorded a population of 20 million people, as well as the first in which all states recorded populations of over 400,000.

1990 United States census

1990 United States census

The United States census of 1990, conducted by the Census Bureau, was the first census to be directed by a woman, Barbara Everitt Bryant. It determined the resident population of the United States to be 248,709,873, an increase of 9.8 percent over the 226,545,805 persons enumerated during the 1980 census.

2000 United States census

2000 United States census

The United States census of 2000, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000, to be 281,421,906, an increase of 13.2 percent over the 248,709,873 people enumerated during the 1990 census. This was the twenty-second federal census and was at the time the largest civilly administered peacetime effort in the United States.

Economy

The economy in Abilene was originally based on the livestock and agricultural sectors,[1] but is now based strongly on government, education, healthcare, and manufacturing. The petroleum industry is prevalent in the surrounding area, also.[1] The city has established incentives to bring new businesses to the area, including job training grants, relocation grants, and more.[48]

Top employers

The top 15 employers in Abilene, as of December 2019, were:[49]

Rank Employer Employees Industry
1 Dyess Air Force Base 8400 Military
2 Hendrick Health System 3200 Healthcare
3 Abilene ISD 2450 Education
4 Abilene Christian University 1900 Education
5 City of Abilene 1300 Government
6 Abilene State Supported Living Center 1225 Mental health
7 Texas Department of Criminal Justice 1190 Law enforcement
8 Blue Cross Blue Shield of Texas Claims Center 1090 Call center
9 Abilene Regional Medical Center 830 Healthcare
10 AbiMar Foods 680 Manufacturing
11 First Financial Bank (Texas) 540 Banking
12 Taylor County 560 Government
13 Wylie ISD 510 Education
14 Eagle Aviation Services 470 Aviation
15 Hardin–Simmons University 425 Education

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Dyess Air Force Base

Dyess Air Force Base

Dyess Air Force Base (AFB) is a United States Air Force (USAF) base located about 7 miles (11 km) southwest of downtown Abilene, Texas, and 150 miles (240 km) west of Fort Worth, Texas.

Hendrick Health System

Hendrick Health System

Hendrick Health, located in Abilene, Texas, is a not-for-profit healthcare provider affiliated with the Baptist General Convention of Texas serving a 22-county region in the Texas Midwest. Hendrick was the first hospital to permanently serve the Texas Midwest when it opened in 1924, and today, it provides a comprehensive range of healthcare services, including a medical center licensed for 564 beds. More than 3,000 employees make up the Hendrick team. In 2007, Hendrick was one of only 12 organizations worldwide honored with the Gallup Great Workplace Award, which honors Hendrick as one of the most engaged and productive workforces in the world. Hendrick has since earned the Gallup Great Workplace Award every subsequent year.

Abilene Independent School District

Abilene Independent School District

Abilene Independent School District is a public school district based in Abilene, Texas (USA).

Abilene Christian University

Abilene Christian University

Abilene Christian University (ACU) is a private Christian university in Abilene, Texas. It was founded in 1906 as Childers Classical Institute. ACU is one of the largest private universities in the Southwestern United States and has one of the 200 largest university endowments in the United States. Affiliated with Churches of Christ, the university is nationally recognized for excellence in service learning, undergraduate research, and undergraduate teaching.

Texas state supported living centers

Texas state supported living centers

Texas state supported living centers are a collection of residential facilities run by the state for people with intellectual disabilities in Texas, United States. The schools, operated by the Texas Health and Human Services Commission operate under the Federal Intermediate Care Facilities for Individuals with Intellectual Disabilities (ICF/IID) program.

Texas Department of Criminal Justice

Texas Department of Criminal Justice

The Texas Department of Criminal Justice (TDCJ) is a department of the government of the U.S. state of Texas. The TDCJ is responsible for statewide criminal justice for adult offenders, including managing offenders in state prisons, state jails, and private correctional facilities, funding and certain oversight of community supervision, and supervision of offenders released from prison on parole or mandatory supervision. The TDCJ operates the largest prison system in the United States.

Health Care Service Corporation

Health Care Service Corporation

Health Care Service Corporation (HCSC) is a member-owned health insurance company in the United States. HCSC was formerly known as Hospital Service Corporation and changed its name to Health Care Service Corporation in 1975. The company was founded in 1936 and is based in Chicago, Illinois with a network of offices in the United States. Health Care Service Corporation is the licensee of the Blue Cross and Blue Shield Association for five states. It concentrates its operations in Illinois, Montana, New Mexico, Oklahoma, and Texas.

Taylor County, Texas

Taylor County, Texas

Taylor County is a county located in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2020 census, its population was 143,208. Its county seat is Abilene. The county was created in 1858 and later organized in 1878. It is named for Edward Taylor, George Taylor, and James Taylor, three brothers who died at the Battle of the Alamo.

Wylie Independent School District (Taylor County, Texas)

Wylie Independent School District (Taylor County, Texas)

The Wylie Independent School District is a public school district based in the far southern portion of Abilene, Texas, United States. In order to avoid confusion with the Wylie Independent School District in the Dallas-Fort Worth Metroplex suburb of Wylie, the district is commonly referred to as Abilene Wylie. In 2009, the school district was rated "recognized" by the Texas Education Agency.

Hardin–Simmons University

Hardin–Simmons University

Hardin–Simmons University (HSU) is a private Baptist university in Abilene, Texas. It is affiliated with the Baptist General Convention of Texas.

Government and infrastructure

The Texas Department of Criminal Justice (TDCJ) operates the Abilene District Parole Office in the city.[50] The Robertson Unit prison and the Middleton Unit transfer unit are in Abilene and in Jones County.[51][52][53]

The United States Postal Service operates the Abilene Post Office and the Abilene Southern Hills Post Office.[54][55]

On June 17, 2017, Abilene elected its first African-American mayor, Anthony Williams.

List of mayors of Abilene, Texas
  • D. B. Corley, 1883–1885[18]
  • G. A. Kirkland, 1885–1886
  • D. W. Wristen, 1886–1891
  • H. A. Porter, 1891–1893
  • D. W. Wristen, 1893–1897
  • A. M. Robertson, 1897–1899
  • John Bowyers, 1899–1901
  • F. C. Digby Roberts, 1901–1904
  • R. W. Ellis, 1904–1905
  • Morgan Weaver, 1905–1907
  • E. N. Kirby, 1906–1919
  • Dallas Scarborough, 1919–1923
  • Charles E. Coombes, 1923–1927
  • Thomas E. Hayden, 1927–1931
  • Lee R. York, 1931–1933
  • C. L. Johnson, 1933–1937
  • Will Hair, 1937–1947
  • B. R. Blankenship, 1947–1949
  • Hudson Smart, 1949–1951
  • Ernest Grissom, 1951–1953
  • C. E. Gatlin, 1953–1957
  • Jess F. (T-Bone) Winters, 1957–1959
  • George L Minter, 1959–1961
  • C. R. Kinard, 1961–1963
  • W. L. Byrd, 1963–1966
  • Ralph N. Hooks, 1966–1969
  • J. C. Hunter, Jr., 1969–1975
  • Fred Lee Hughes, 1975–1978
  • Oliver Howard, 1978–1981
  • Elbert E. Hall, 1981–1984
  • David Stubbeman, 1984–1987
  • Dale E. Ferguson, 1987–1990
  • Gary D. McCaleb, 1990–1999
  • Grady Barr, 1999–2004
  • Norm Archibald, 2004–2017
  • Anthony Williams, 2017–present[56]

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Education

Primary education

Abilene has two school districts within the city limits: Abilene Independent School District (AISD) and Wylie Independent School District (WISD). High schools include Abilene High School and Cooper High School of AISD, and Wylie High School of WISD.

Colleges and universities

Abilene is home to six colleges, three of which are religiously affiliated. Hardin–Simmons University is the oldest, founded in 1891. Abilene Christian University is the largest with 2012 undergraduate enrollment at 4,371.

Name Affiliation Founded Enrollment
Abilene Christian University Churches of Christ 1906 5,731[57]
Cisco College 1972[58] 3,806[59]
Hardin–Simmons University Baptist 1891 2,392[59]
McMurry University Methodist 1923 1,372[59]
Texas State Technical College West Texas 1985 1,049[59]
Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center Abilene Campus 2006 332

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Abilene Independent School District

Abilene Independent School District

Abilene Independent School District is a public school district based in Abilene, Texas (USA).

Wylie Independent School District (Taylor County, Texas)

Wylie Independent School District (Taylor County, Texas)

The Wylie Independent School District is a public school district based in the far southern portion of Abilene, Texas, United States. In order to avoid confusion with the Wylie Independent School District in the Dallas-Fort Worth Metroplex suburb of Wylie, the district is commonly referred to as Abilene Wylie. In 2009, the school district was rated "recognized" by the Texas Education Agency.

Cooper High School (Abilene, Texas)

Cooper High School (Abilene, Texas)

O.H. Cooper High School is a public high school located in Abilene, Texas. It opened in 1960, in part to handle the increase in school age youth resulting from the Post World War II Baby Boom. It is one of three 4-year high schools within Abilene Independent School District.

Wylie High School (Abilene, Texas)

Wylie High School (Abilene, Texas)

Wylie High School is a public high school located in Abilene, Texas, United States. It is the sole high school of the Wylie Independent School District. Wylie ISD serves the southernmost areas of Abilene, as well as the ever-growing suburbs and exurbs in east central Taylor County. WHS is one of three class 5A high schools within the city limits of Abilene, joining Abilene Independent School District schools Abilene High and Abilene Cooper. In 2008, Wylie High School was named a National Blue Ribbon School. In 2015, the school was rated "Met Standard" by the Texas Education Agency. In 2017, the school reported an enrollment of 1,164, putting it 14 students above the number needed to realign to conference 5A.

Abilene Christian University

Abilene Christian University

Abilene Christian University (ACU) is a private Christian university in Abilene, Texas. It was founded in 1906 as Childers Classical Institute. ACU is one of the largest private universities in the Southwestern United States and has one of the 200 largest university endowments in the United States. Affiliated with Churches of Christ, the university is nationally recognized for excellence in service learning, undergraduate research, and undergraduate teaching.

Churches of Christ

Churches of Christ

The Churches of Christ, most commonly known as the Church of Christ or church of Christ, is a loose association of autonomous Christian congregations based on the sola scriptura doctrine. Their practices are based on Bible texts and draw on the early Christian church as described in the New Testament.

Cisco College

Cisco College

Cisco College is a community college in Cisco, Texas located in Eastland County between Fort Worth and Abilene, where Highways 183, 206, and 6 intersect Interstate 20. The main campus is 92 acres (370,000 m2) outside of Cisco, and the Abilene Educational Center is 38 acres (150,000 m2) in Abilene. The college is accredited to award associate degrees by the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools.

Hardin–Simmons University

Hardin–Simmons University

Hardin–Simmons University (HSU) is a private Baptist university in Abilene, Texas. It is affiliated with the Baptist General Convention of Texas.

McMurry University

McMurry University

McMurry University is a private Methodist university in Abilene, Texas. It was founded in 1923 and named after William Fletcher McMurry. The university offers forty-five majors in the fields of fine arts, humanities, social and natural sciences, education, business, and religion, and nine pre-professional programs, including nursing, dentistry, medicine, pharmacy, veterinary, and law.

Texas State Technical College

Texas State Technical College

Texas State Technical College (TSTC) is a public community college with 10 campuses throughout Texas. TSTC is the State of Texas's only public multicampus technical college, offering associate degrees and certificates in technical skills and trades. TSTC's headquarters are located north of Waco and are co-located with the Waco campus, the oldest TSTC location and flagship location. TSTC also operates campuses in Harlingen, Marshall, Red Oak, Abilene, Breckenridge, Brownwood, Sweetwater, Williamson County, and Fort Bend County.

Health care

Hendrick Medical Center includes two large hospital campuses on the north and south sides of Abilene, and is one of the city's largest employers. It is one of seven healthcare institutions affiliated with the Baptist General Convention of Texas.[60]

The Presbyterian Medical Care Mission was founded in 1983 as a medical and dental clinic. Its services are focused to low-income individuals and families without insurance.[61]

Culture

The cultural aspects of Abilene revolve around a mix of the local college and university campuses, the agriculture community of the surrounding area, and a growing nightlife scene in the downtown area. Abilene is also home to the restored Paramount Theatre, the Abilene Philharmonic Orchestra, the Grace Museum, the Center for Contemporary Arts, the National Center for Children's Illustrated Literature, The Abilene Zoo, Frontier Texas!, the 12th Armored Division Museum, the Taylor County Expo Center, the Abilene Convention Center, six libraries (three private, three public), 26 public parks, six television stations, a daily newspaper, and several radio stations, including one NPR station (89.5 KACU).

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The Grace Museum

The Grace Museum

The Grace Museum is located in Abilene, Texas, United States. The museum is accredited by the American Alliance of Museums (AAM). The Grace Museum houses five art galleries featuring rotating art exhibitions and artwork from the permanent collection; a history gallery with permanent and rotating exhibits featuring Abilene, Taylor County, and West Texas artifacts; an art library; an education center and an interactive gallery for children and families. The Abilene Fine Arts Museum was founded in 1937 by the Art League of the Abilene Woman's Club. The art museum was housed in various downtown locations and Rose Park before the current facility was renovated in 1992. Since 1992, the museum has existed as The Museums of Abilene, Grace Cultural Center and the name was officially changed to The Grace Museum in 1998.

Paramount Theatre (Abilene, Texas)

Paramount Theatre (Abilene, Texas)

The Paramount Theatre is located in downtown Abilene, Texas at 352 Cypress Street.

National Center for Children's Illustrated Literature

National Center for Children's Illustrated Literature

The National Center for Children's Illustrated Literature is an American museum dedicated to illustrations in children's literature. It was established in 2000 and is located in Abilene, Texas.

Abilene Zoological Gardens

Abilene Zoological Gardens

The Abilene Zoo is a 16-acre (6.5 ha) zoo located in Abilene, Texas. The zoo has over 800 animals representing over 175 species. Attendance for 2021 was 255,000.

NPR

NPR

National Public Radio is an American nonprofit media organization headquartered in Washington, D.C., with its NPR West headquarters in Culver City, California. It serves as a national syndicator to a network of over 1,000 public radio stations in the United States. It differs from other non-profit membership media organizations such as the Associated Press, in that it was established by an act of Congress.

Media

Newspapers

The Abilene Reporter-News is the primary daily newspaper of the city of Abilene and the surrounding Big Country area.

Television

Radio

  • 88.1 FM KGNZ (Christian contemporary)
  • 89.5 FM KACU (Public Radio)
  • 90.5 FM KAGT (Christian contemporary)
  • 91.3 FM KAQD (Religious)
  • 91.7 FM KQOS (Religious)
  • 92.5 FM KMWX (Red Dirt Country)
  • 93.3 FM KBGT (Tejano)
  • 94.1 FM KVVO-LP (Inspirational Country)
  • 95.1 FM KABW (Country)
  • 96.1 FM KORQ (Farm, Country)
  • 98.1 FM KTLT (Active Rock)
  • 99.7 FM KBCY (Country)
  • 100.7 FM KULL (Classic hits)
  • 101.7 FM KTJK (Adult hits)
  • 102.7 FM KHXS (Classic Rock)
  • 103.7 FM KCDD (Top 40)
  • 105.1 FM KEAN (Country)
  • 106.3 FM KKHR (Regional Mexican)
  • 106.9 FM KLGD (Country)
  • 107.9 FM KEYJ (Active Rock)
  • 1280 AM KSLI (Country)
  • 1340 AM KWKC (News Talk)
  • 1470 AM KYYW (News Talk)
  • 1560 AM KZQQ (Sports talk)

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Abilene Reporter-News

Abilene Reporter-News

Abilene Reporter-News is a daily newspaper based in Abilene, Texas, United States. The newspaper started publishing as the weekly Abilene Reporter, helmed by Charles Edwin Gilbert on June 17, 1881, just three months after Abilene was founded. It is hence the oldest continuous business in the city. It became a daily newspaper in 1885.

KRBC-TV

KRBC-TV

KRBC-TV is a television station in Abilene, Texas, United States, affiliated with NBC. It is owned by Mission Broadcasting, which maintains joint sales and shared services agreements (JSA/SSA) with Nexstar Media Group, owner of dual CBS/Telemundo affiliate KTAB-TV, for the provision of certain services. The two stations share studios on South 14th Street in western Abilene; KRBC-TV's transmitter is located on Texas State Highway 36 in neighboring Callahan County.

KTES-LD

KTES-LD

KTES-LD is a low-power television station in Abilene, Texas, United States, airing programming from the digital multicast network TBD. It is owned and operated by Sinclair Broadcast Group alongside Sweetwater-licensed dual ABC/CW+ affiliate KTXS-TV, channel 12. The two stations share studios on North Clack Street in Abilene; KTES-LD's transmitter is located near Trent, Texas. In addition to its own digital signal, KTES-LD is simulcast in standard definition on KTXS-TV's third digital subchannel.

KTAB-TV

KTAB-TV

KTAB-TV is a television station in Abilene, Texas, United States, affiliated with CBS and Telemundo. It is owned by Nexstar Media Group, which provides certain services to NBC affiliate KRBC-TV under joint sales and shared services agreements (JSA/SSA) with Mission Broadcasting. Both stations share studios on South 14th Street in western Abilene, while KTAB-TV's transmitter is located on Texas State Highway 36 in neighboring Callahan County.

KGNZ

KGNZ

KGNZ is an FM Christian radio station that serves the Abilene, Texas, San Angelo, Texas, and Lubbock, Texas regional areas. The non-commercial station is under ownership of Christian Broadcasting Co., Inc., a 501.c.3 non-profit organization.

KACU

KACU

KACU is an FM Public radio station that serves the Abilene, Texas, area. The station is owned by Abilene Christian University. KACU is an NPR affiliate station. KACU is the only public radio station in Abilene as well as the only station that broadcasts in high definition. College students make up the on-air staff and news team.

KAGT

KAGT

KAGT is a radio station and affiliate of the Air 1 network, playing Christian Worship music.

KMWX

KMWX

KMWX is a commercial radio station located in Abilene, Texas. KMWX airs a red dirt country music format branded as "92.5 The Ranch".

KBGT

KBGT

KBGT 93.3 FM is a radio station licensed to Buffalo Gap, Texas. The station broadcasts a Tejano music format and is owned by Extreme Media, LLC.

KABW

KABW

KABW is a country music radio station, licensed to Baird, Texas, a town near Abilene, Texas. KABW's on-air personalities include Wolf Mornings with Kate & Kaden, Lisa Thomas, Randy Brooks.

KORQ

KORQ

KORQ is a commercial radio station broadcasting to the Abilene, Texas, area. KORQ airs a farm/classic country format branded as "Q Country 96.1".

KTLT

KTLT

KTLT is a commercial radio station licensed to Anson, Texas, broadcasting to the Abilene, Texas area. KTLT airs an active rock format branded as "98.1 The Phantom". Studios are located along U.S. Highway 84 in southwest Abilene, and the transmitter site is in between Anson and Hawley, Texas along U.S. Highway 277 in Jones County.

Transportation

Major highways

A section of Business Loop 20 (formerly US 80) in Abilene
A section of Business Loop 20 (formerly US 80) in Abilene

Airport

The city of Abilene is served by Abilene Regional Airport.

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Interstate 20 in Texas

Interstate 20 in Texas

Interstate 20 in Texas (I-20) is a major east–west Interstate Highway in the Southern United States, running east from a junction with I-10 east of Kent, Texas, through the Dallas–Fort Worth metroplex to the border with Louisiana near Waskom, Texas. The original distance of I-20 was 647 miles (1,041 km) from I-10 to the Louisiana border, reduced to the current distance of 636 miles (1,024 km) with the rerouting of I-20 in the 1980s and 1990s. I-20 is known as the Ronald Reagan Memorial Highway within the Dallas–Fort Worth metroplex.

U.S. Route 80 in Texas

U.S. Route 80 in Texas

U.S. Route 80 is a U.S. highway that begins in the state of Texas in Dallas at an interchange with I-30. US 80 runs in an east–west direction for most of its length from Dallas to Louisiana. Before the advent of the Interstate Highway System, US 80 through Texas was once a vital link in a major transcontinental highway with the national western terminus being in San Diego, California rather than Dallas. Since 1991, most of US 80 in Texas has been decommissioned in favor of I-10, I-20 and I-30 between the New Mexico state line and its current western terminus.

U.S. Route 83 in Texas

U.S. Route 83 in Texas

U.S. Highway 83 (US 83), dedicated as the Texas Vietnam Veterans Memorial Highway, is a U.S. Highway in the U.S. state of Texas that begins at US 77 in Brownsville and follows the Rio Grande to Laredo, then heads north through Abilene to the Oklahoma border north of Perryton, the seat of Ochiltree County.

U.S. Route 84 in Texas

U.S. Route 84 in Texas

U.S. Route 84 is a U.S. highway that runs from Pagosa Springs, CO to Midway, GA. In Texas, the highway enters the state from New Mexico at Farwell, near the Panhandle region. Major cities along the highway include Lubbock, Abilene, Waco and Palestine. The highway exits Texas into Louisiana near Joaquin, crossing the Toledo Bend Reservoir.

Texas State Highway 36

Texas State Highway 36

State Highway 36 runs from Freeport to Abilene. It was designated as the 36th Division Memorial Highway between Cameron and Sealy by the Texas Legislature in 1985.

Texas State Highway Loop 322

Texas State Highway Loop 322

Loop 322 is a 7.167-mile (11.534 km) loop route in the city of Abilene in the U.S. state of Texas. It is located in Taylor County.

Texas State Highway 351

Texas State Highway 351

State Highway 351 (SH 351) is a 25.122-mile-long (40.430 km) Texas state highway that travels from Abilene northeast to an intersection with U.S. Route 180 (US 180) west of Albany. The highway was designated on September 6, 1943 as a replacement for US 80 Alternate.

Abilene Regional Airport

Abilene Regional Airport

Abilene Regional Airport is a public airport 3 miles (5 km) southeast of Abilene, in Taylor County, Texas. It is within the Abilene city limits and owned and operated by the city.

Notable people

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List of people from Abilene, Texas

List of people from Abilene, Texas

The following people were all born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with the American city of Abilene, Texas.

Ken Baumann

Ken Baumann

Kenneth Robert Tuff Baumann is an American actor, writer, publisher and book designer. He became most known for playing Ben Boykewich on The Secret Life of the American Teenager. He is the author of numerous novels, nonfiction stories, essays, and poems. He also owns and co-owns many other companies such as Sator Press, which was the series designer for Boss Fight Books, he is also a co-founder of the iOS app Sweetspot. In 2014, Baumann enrolled at St. John's College in Santa Fe, New Mexico.

Judge

Judge

A judge is a person who presides over court proceedings, either alone or as a part of a panel of judges. A judge hears all the witnesses and any other evidence presented by the barristers or solicitors of the case, assesses the credibility and arguments of the parties, and then issues a ruling in the case based on their interpretation of the law and their own personal judgment. A judge is expected to conduct the trial impartially and, typically, in an open court.

Doyle Brunson

Doyle Brunson

Doyle F. Brunson is a retired American poker player who played professionally for over 50 years. He is a two-time World Series of Poker (WSOP) Main Event champion, a Poker Hall of Fame inductee, and the author of several books on poker.

Charles Coody

Charles Coody

Billy Charles Coody is an American professional golfer, best known for winning the 1971 Masters Tournament.

Masters Tournament

Masters Tournament

The Masters Tournament is one of the four major championships in professional golf. Scheduled for the first full week of April, the Masters is the first major of the year, and unlike the others, it is always held at the same location, Augusta National Golf Club, a private course in the city of Augusta, Georgia, in the southeastern United States.

Carole Cook

Carole Cook

Mildred Frances Cook, known professionally as Carole Cook, was an American actress, active on screen and stage, best known for appearances on Lucille Ball's light entertainment comedy television series The Lucy Show and Here's Lucy.

Captain Easy

Captain Easy

Captain Easy, Soldier of Fortune is an American action/adventure comic strip created by Roy Crane that was syndicated by Newspaper Enterprise Association beginning on Sunday, July 30, 1933. The strip ran for more than five decades until it was discontinued on October 1, 1988.

Buz Sawyer

Buz Sawyer

Buz Sawyer is a comic strip created by Roy Crane. Distributed by King Features Syndicate, it had a run from November 1, 1943 to October 7, 1989. The last strip signed by Crane was dated 21 April 1979.

Dorian (rapper)

Dorian (rapper)

Alton Dorian Clark, known mononymously as Dorian, is an American rapper, producer, songwriter, and basketball coach from Indianapolis, Indiana.

Bob Estes

Bob Estes

Bob Alan Estes is an American professional golfer who plays on the PGA Tour Champions. He was previously a member of the PGA Tour, where he was a four-time champion.

Billy Gillispie

Billy Gillispie

Billy Clyde Gillispie, also known by his initials BCG and Billy Clyde, is an American college basketball and current men's basketball coach at Tarleton State. Gillispie had previously been head coach at UTEP, Texas A&M, Kentucky, and Texas Tech.

Sister cities

Source: "Abilene, Texas", Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, (2023, March 22nd), https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abilene,_Texas.

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See also
References
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  1. ^ Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race.[44][45]
Bibliography
External links

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