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2022 missile explosion in Poland

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2022 missile explosion in Poland
Part of the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine
Area around the village of Przewodów
Date15 November 2022 (2022-11-15)
Timec. 15:40 (UTC+1)
LocationPrzewodów, Gmina Dołhobyczów, Hrubieszów County, Lublin Voivodeship, Poland
Coordinates50°28′28″N 23°55′23″E / 50.47444°N 23.92306°E / 50.47444; 23.92306Coordinates: 50°28′28″N 23°55′23″E / 50.47444°N 23.92306°E / 50.47444; 23.92306
TypeMissile
MotiveAccidental (presumed)
ParticipantsUnder investigation
Deaths2
Non-fatal injuries0

On 15 November 2022, a missile struck the territory of Poland at the village of Przewodów near the border with Ukraine.[1][2][3] The incident occurred during an attack on Ukrainian cities and energy facilities by Russia.[4][5] It was the first incident of a missile (vis-a-vis prior UAV incursions) landing and exploding within NATO territory during the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine.[6][7] Initial assessments by the United States found that the missile was likely to have been an air defence missile fired by Ukrainian forces at an incoming Russian missile.[8][9][10]

Discover more about 2022 missile explosion in Poland related topics

Poland

Poland

Poland, officially the Republic of Poland, is a country in Central Europe. It is divided into 16 administrative provinces called voivodeships, covering an area of 312,696 km2 (120,733 sq mi). Poland has a population of over 38 million and is the fifth-most populous member state of the European Union. Warsaw is the nation's capital and largest metropolis. Other major cities include Kraków, Wrocław, Łódź, Poznań, Gdańsk, and Szczecin.

Przewodów

Przewodów

Przewodów is a village in the administrative district of Gmina Dołhobyczów, within Hrubieszów County, Lublin Voivodeship, in southeastern Poland, close to the border with Ukraine. It lies approximately 15 kilometres (9 mi) southwest of Dołhobyczów, 39 km (24 mi) south of Hrubieszów, and 129 km (80 mi) southeast of the capital of Voivodeship, Lublin. It is also about 120 km (75 mi) north of Lviv in Ukraine. The village is located in the historical region of Galicia.

Poland–Ukraine border

Poland–Ukraine border

The Polish–Ukrainian border is the state border between Poland and Ukraine. It has a total length of 529 km (329 mi) to 535 km (332 mi).

Ukraine

Ukraine

Ukraine is a country in Eastern Europe. It is the second-largest European country after Russia, which it borders to the east and northeast. Ukraine covers approximately 600,000 square kilometres (230,000 sq mi). Prior to the ongoing Russo-Ukrainian War, it was the eighth-most populous country in Europe, with a population of around 41 million people. It is also bordered by Belarus to the north; by Poland, Slovakia, and Hungary to the west; and by Romania and Moldova to the southwest; with a coastline along the Black Sea and the Sea of Azov to the south and southeast. Kyiv is the nation's capital and largest city. Ukraine's official and national language is Ukrainian; most people are also fluent in Russian.

2022 Zagreb Tu-141 crash

2022 Zagreb Tu-141 crash

On 10 March 2022 at 23:01 CET, an unidentified Soviet-made Tupolev Tu-141 reconnaissance unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) crashed in Zagreb, the capital of Croatia. With an unidentified operator and unknown destination, the origin of the drone is presumed to be connected to military actions during the Russian invasion of Ukraine.

NATO

NATO

The North Atlantic Treaty Organization, also called the North Atlantic Alliance, is an intergovernmental military alliance between 30 member states – 28 European and two North American. Established in the aftermath of World War II, the organization implemented the North Atlantic Treaty, signed in Washington, D.C., on 4 April 1949. NATO is a collective security system: its independent member states agree to defend each other against attacks by third parties. During the Cold War, NATO operated as a check on the perceived threat posed by the Soviet Union. The alliance remained in place after the dissolution of the Soviet Union and has been involved in military operations in the Balkans, the Middle East, South Asia, and Africa.

2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine

2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine

On 24 February 2022, Russia invaded Ukraine in a major escalation of the Russo-Ukrainian War, which began in 2014. The invasion has likely resulted in tens of thousands of deaths on both sides and caused Europe's largest refugee crisis since World War II, with an estimated 8 million people being displaced within the country by late May as well as 7.8 million Ukrainians fleeing the country as of 8 November 2022. Within five weeks of the invasion, Russia experienced its greatest emigration since the 1917 October Revolution. The invasion has also caused global food shortages.

Background

The explosion happened on a day when the Russian military extensively bombarded infrastructure all over Ukraine, the largest-scale attack so far.[11] According to the Ukrainian Air Force Command, the Russian military launched 96 pieces of various types of weapons at Ukraine on 15 November.[11] These included air and sea cruise missiles (Kh-101, Kh-555, Kalibr), Kh-59 guided missiles, Shahed-136/131 attack drones, Orion UAVs, and Orlan-10 UAVs.[11] According to Forbes, one Kalibr alone costs $6.5 million, and the Kh-101 missile costs $13 million.[11] The Economic Pravda or Epravda (Ukrainian: Економічна правда) calculated that Russia had spent between half a billion and a billion U.S. dollars worth of weaponry in the 15 November 2022 attack on Ukraine.[11]

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3M-54 Kalibr

3M-54 Kalibr

The 3M-54 Kalibr,, also referred to it as 3M54-1 Kalibr, 3M14 Biryuza, is a family of Russian cruise missiles developed by the Novator Design Bureau (OKB-8). There are ship-launched, submarine-launched and air-launched versions of the missile, and variants for anti-ship, anti-submarine and land attack use. Some versions have a second propulsion stage that initiates a supersonic sprint in the terminal approach to the target, reducing the time that target's defense systems have to react, while subsonic versions have greater range than the supersonic variants. The missile can carry a warhead weighing up to 500 kilograms (1,100 lb) of explosive or a thermonuclear warhead.

Kh-59

Kh-59

The Kh-59 Ovod is a Russian TV-guided cruise missile with a two-stage solid-fuel propulsion system and 200 km range. The Kh-59M Ovod-M is a variant with a bigger warhead and turbojet engine. It is primarily a land-attack missile but the Kh-59MK variant targets ships.

HESA Shahed 136

HESA Shahed 136

The HESA Shahed 136, or Geran-2 in Russian service, is an Iranian loitering munition in the form of an autonomous pusher-prop drone. It is developed by both HESA and Shahed Aviation Industries.

Shahed 131

Shahed 131

The Shahed 131, or Geran-1 in Russian service, is an Iranian-made drone which came to prominence in October 2022 during the Russian invasion of Ukraine. It is powered by a Wankel engine model Shahed-783/788. Janes created an in-depth technical summary of the machine. Its warhead weighs 15 kg and its launch range is 900 km.

Aurora Flight Sciences Orion

Aurora Flight Sciences Orion

The Orion is a Medium-altitude long-endurance unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) developed by Aurora Flight Sciences.

Orlan-10

Orlan-10

The Orlan-10 is a reconnaissance, unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) developed by the Special Technology Center (STC) in Saint Petersburg for the Russian Armed Forces. The Orlan-10 features a composite hull that reduces its radar signature.

Forbes

Forbes

Forbes is an American business magazine owned by Integrated Whale Media Investments and the Forbes family. Published eight times a year, it features articles on finance, industry, investing, and marketing topics. Forbes also reports on related subjects such as technology, communications, science, politics, and law. It is based in Jersey City, New Jersey. Competitors in the national business magazine category include Fortune and Bloomberg Businessweek. Forbes has an international edition in Asia as well as editions produced under license in 27 countries and regions worldwide.

Ukrainian language

Ukrainian language

Ukrainian is an East Slavic language of the Indo-European language family. It is the native language of about 40 million people and the official state language of Ukraine in Eastern Europe. Written Ukrainian uses the Ukrainian alphabet, a variant of the Cyrillic script. The standard Ukrainian language is regulated by the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, the Ukrainian language-information fund, and Potebnia Institute of Linguistics. Comparisons are often drawn to Russian, a prominent Slavic language, but there is more mutual intelligibility with Belarusian, Ukrainian's closest relative.

Explosion

Polish media reported that two people (Bogusław Wos and Bogdan Ciupek[12][13][14][15]) were killed in an explosion[16][17] at a grain dryer.[5] Polish officials stated that the cause of the explosion was unknown. Polish radio station Radio ZET reported that two[3] stray rockets fell on the village, causing the explosion, although later reports indicated that there was only one missile.[4][18] NATO members started to review the evidence soon after the explosion was reported.[19]

Investigation

After the meeting of the National Security Bureau on 15 November, the government spokesman said: "The services will work all night to sort things out".[20]

Conflicting reports emerged regarding the origin and nature of the explosion(s) shortly after the incident. Poland's Ministry of Foreign Affairs stated that the projectile was "Russian-produced".[21] Andrés Gannon, a security expert at the think tank Council on Foreign Relations, speculated that the missiles could be from S-300 systems.[22] S-300s were used by both combatants during the invasion both as surface-to-air and surface-to-surface missiles, primarily by Ukraine and Russia respectively.[23][24][25] Mariusz Gierszewski, a Polish reporter for Radio ZET, reported sources claiming the missile was the remains of a downed rocket.[26] U.S. president Joe Biden, speaking from the G20 summit in Bali, said that it was "unlikely" that the missile was fired from Russia.[27]

According to US intelligence officials, initial assessments suggest that the missile was probably launched by Ukrainian forces at an incoming Russian missile.[9][10]

On 17 November, Head of the Polish International Policy Bureau Jakub Kumoch gave a similar explanation that an air defence missile failed to shoot down the Russian target it sought to intercept; then "[t]he self-destruct system did not work, and this missile led to a tragedy."[28]

Also on 17 November, Polish officials stated that Ukrainian investigators were likely to be granted access to the site of the explosion.[29]

On 21 November, it was reported that Ukraine will not be granted access to the investigation by the Polish prosecutor's office.[30]

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National Security Bureau (Poland)

National Security Bureau (Poland)

National Security Bureau is a Polish government agency executing the tasks given by the President of the Republic of Poland regarding national security. The Bureau serves as the organizational support to the National Security Council.

Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Poland)

Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Poland)

The Ministry of Foreign Affairs is the Polish government department tasked with maintaining Poland's international relations and coordinating its participation in international and regional supra-national political organisations such as the European Union and United Nations. The head of the ministry holds a place in the Council of Ministers.

Council on Foreign Relations

Council on Foreign Relations

The Council on Foreign Relations (CFR) is an American think tank specializing in U.S. foreign policy and international relations. Founded in 1921, it is a nonprofit organization that is independent and nonpartisan. CFR is based in New York City, with an additional office in Massachusetts. Its membership has included senior politicians, numerous secretaries of state, CIA directors, bankers, lawyers, professors, corporate directors and CEOs, and senior media figures.

S-300 missile system

S-300 missile system

The S-300 is a series of long range surface-to-air missile systems developed and operated by the former Soviet Union, now fielded by the militaries of Russia and Ukraine as well as several other former Eastern Bloc countries. It was produced by NPO Almaz, based on the initial S-300P version. The S-300 system was developed to defend against air raids and cruise missiles for the Soviet Air Defence Forces. Subsequent variations were also developed to be able to intercept ballistic missiles. The S-300 system was first deployed by the Soviet Union in 1979, designed for the air defence of large industrial and administrative facilities, military bases and control of airspace against enemy strike aircraft. During the Russian invasion of Ukraine in 2022, military analysts have stated that Russia has modified a number of systems to perform surface-to-surface strikes.

Surface-to-air missile

Surface-to-air missile

A surface-to-air missile (SAM), also known as a ground-to-air missile (GTAM) or surface-to-air guided weapon (SAGW), is a missile designed to be launched from the ground to destroy aircraft or other missiles. It is one type of anti-aircraft system; in modern armed forces, missiles have replaced most other forms of dedicated anti-aircraft weapons, with anti-aircraft guns pushed into specialized roles.

Surface-to-surface missile

Surface-to-surface missile

A surface-to-surface missile (SSM) or ground-to-ground missile (GGM) is a missile designed to be launched from the ground or the sea and strike targets on land or at sea. They may be fired from hand-held or vehicle mounted devices, from fixed installations, or from a ship. They are often powered by a rocket engine or sometimes fired by an explosive charge, since the launching platform is typically stationary or moving slowly. They usually have fins and/or wings for lift and stability, although hyper-velocity or short-ranged missiles may use body lift or fly a ballistic trajectory. The V-1 flying bomb was the first operational surface-to-surface missile.

Radio ZET

Radio ZET

Radio Zet is a Polish commercial radio station.

Joe Biden

Joe Biden

Joseph Robinette Biden Jr. is an American politician who is the 46th and current president of the United States. A member of the Democratic Party, he previously served as the 47th vice president from 2009 to 2017 under President Barack Obama, and represented Delaware in the United States Senate from 1973 to 2009.

2022 G20 Bali summit

2022 G20 Bali summit

The 2022 G20 Bali summit was the seventeenth meeting of Group of Twenty (G20), which was held in Nusa Dua, Bali, Indonesia on 15–16 November 2022. Indonesia's presidency began on 1 December 2021, leading up to the summit in the fourth quarter of 2022. The presidency handover ceremony was held as an intimate event, in which the G20 presidency gavel was transferred from Italian Prime Minister Mario Draghi to Indonesian president Joko Widodo at the close of the Rome summit.

Bali

Bali

Bali is a province of Indonesia and the westernmost of the Lesser Sunda Islands. East of Java and west of Lombok, the province includes the island of Bali and a few smaller neighbouring islands, notably Nusa Penida, Nusa Lembongan, and Nusa Ceningan to the southeast. The provincial capital, Denpasar, is the most populous city in the Lesser Sunda Islands and the second-largest, after Makassar, in Eastern Indonesia. The upland town of Ubud in Greater Denpasar is considered Bali's cultural centre. The province is Indonesia's main tourist destination, with a significant rise in tourism since the 1980s. Tourism-related business makes up 80% of its economy.

Chancellery of the President of the Republic of Poland

Chancellery of the President of the Republic of Poland

The Chancellery of the President of the Republic of Poland, instituted in 1989, is a governmental institution composed of the immediate staff of the President of Poland that assists and is governed by the President. The objective of the Chancellery is to provide assistance to the President in its multiple echelons of staff, which include the Presidential cabinet and the Chancellery of National Security. The Chief of the Chancellery heads the institution; the Chief is appointed by and immediately responsible to the President.

Jakub Kumoch

Jakub Kumoch

Jakub Radomir Kumoch is a Polish political scientist, journalist and diplomat, serving as the Head of the International Policy Bureau in the Chancellery of the President of Poland. He previously served as the Polish ambassador to Turkey (2020–2021) and Switzerland (2016–2020).

Reactions

Poland

After the explosion, Prime Minister of Poland Mateusz Morawiecki called an urgent meeting of a committee for national security and defence affairs.[31][32] A government spokesperson said that Poland was raising the alert level of some of its military units after the conclusion of the meeting. He also stated that Polish President Andrzej Duda spoke to Secretary General of NATO Jens Stoltenberg regarding the possibility of activating Article 4 of the NATO charter.[33]

Polish foreign minister Zbigniew Rau reportedly summoned the Russian ambassador and demanded "immediate detailed explanations".[34]

Polish president Andrzej Duda stated late on 15 November local time that there was no evidence of who fired the missile.[35]

International

Russia

The Russian defence ministry denied reports that Russian missiles had hit Poland, labeling it as "deliberate provocation aimed at escalating the situation".[36]

The next day, it said that Russian strikes on Ukraine had been at least 35 kilometres (22 mi) away from the border with Poland, and that photos of the site published in Poland had been "identified by Russian defence industry specialists as elements of an anti-aircraft guided missile of the S-300 air defence system of the Ukrainian air force".[37][38] Later that day, the Russian foreign ministry summoned the Polish ambassador.[39]

Ukraine

President Volodymyr Zelenskyy blamed Russia for the incident in his nightly video address that day, saying that "Russian missiles hit Poland" and describing it as an infringement upon "collective security" and as a "significant escalation".[40] Around the same time, foreign minister Dmytro Kuleba labeled the suggestion of the missile being fired by Ukrainian air defense as a "conspiracy theory" promoted by Russia.[41][42]

The next day, Ukraine's presidential adviser Mykhailo Podolyak had tweeted that European countries should "close the sky" over Ukraine after the blast.[43] Oleksiy Danilov, the secretary of the National Security and Defense Council of Ukraine, claimed that Ukraine had evidence of a "Russian trace" in the explosion, without giving any details.[44] Zelenskyy also said that he had "no doubt that it was not our missile" and that Ukraine should be given access to the site of the explosion.[45]

On 17 November, Zelenskyy said: "I don’t know what happened. We don’t know for sure. The world does not know. But I am sure that there was a Russian missile, I am sure that we fired from air defense systems".[28]

NATO officials and member countries

Due to this incident, compounded with the closure of the Druzhba pipeline, the Hungarian government led by Prime Minister Viktor Orbán also called an emergency meeting with its Defence Council on the same night,[46] and Defense Minister Kristóf Szalay-Bobrovniczky had a telephone conversation with NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg.[47]

Shortly after the alleged strike, the U.S. Department of Defense acknowledged reports that two Russian missiles struck a location inside Poland near its Ukrainian border, though it could not confirm them.[48] Bob Menendez, Senate Foreign Relations Chair, expressed the hope that Russia would "apologize quickly for the loss of life and express that it wasn’t intentional", and warned of "all sorts of consequences", including the possibility of invoking Article 5, if the strike was intentional.[49]

Poland requested a NATO meeting on Wednesday, 16 November, on the basis of NATO Article 4. NATO diplomats said that the alliance would act cautiously and needed time to verify exactly how the incident happened.[50]

Estonian Minister of Foreign Affairs Urmas Reinsalu responded to the reports by tweeting that Estonia was ready to defend "every inch" of NATO territory.[51] Belgian Prime Minister Alexander De Croo responded to the reports by saying "We stand with Poland."[52] Czech Prime Minister Petr Fiala tweeted that if the strikes were confirmed to be an intentional act, "it would "be a further escalation by Russia."[53] Romanian President Klaus Iohannis tweeted that Romania stands "in full solidarity with our friend and ally Poland" and that "we are in contact with our partners and allies".[54]

Stoltenberg stated that Russia bears the blame, although the missile was most likely a Ukrainian air defense system or missile. After all "this would not have happened if Russia did not fire these missiles," he stated.[55][56][57]

Others

  • The Ministry of Foreign Affairs and European Integration of Moldova expressed solidarity with Poland after the explosions and said that it was in contact with the Polish authorities. Moldovan foreign minister Nicu Popescu sent to Zbigniew Rau, his Polish counterpart, condolences for the families of the victims.[59] An event similar to the missile strike in Poland had occurred in the Moldovan village of Naslavcea earlier on 31 October, when as a result of another wave of Russian missiles against Ukraine, one of them was taken down by Ukrainian air defence systems and it crashed into the village, causing material damages but no casualties.[60]

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Mateusz Morawiecki

Mateusz Morawiecki

Mateusz Jakub Morawiecki is a Polish economist, historian and politician who has served as prime minister of Poland since 2017. A member of Law and Justice (PiS), he previously served in the cabinet of prime minister Beata Szydło as deputy prime minister from 2015 to 2017, Minister of Development from 2015 to 2018 and Minister of Finance from 2016 to 2018. Prior to his political appointment, Morawiecki had an extensive business career.

Andrzej Duda

Andrzej Duda

Andrzej Sebastian Duda is a Polish lawyer and politician who has served as president of Poland since 6 August 2015. Before becoming president, Andrzej Duda was a member of Polish Lower House (Sejm) from 2011 to 2014 and the European Parliament from 2014 to 2015.

Jens Stoltenberg

Jens Stoltenberg

Jens Stoltenberg is a Norwegian politician who has been serving as the 13th secretary general of NATO since 2014. A member of the Norwegian Labour Party, he previously served as the 34th prime minister of Norway from 2000 to 2001, and again from 2005 until 2013.

Central European Time

Central European Time

Central European Time (CET) is a standard time which is 1 hour ahead of Coordinated Universal Time (UTC). The time offset from UTC can be written as UTC+01:00. It is used in most parts of Europe and in a few North African countries. CET is also known as Middle European Time and by colloquial names such as Amsterdam Time, Berlin Time, Brussels Time, Madrid Time, Paris Time, Rome Time, Warsaw Time or even Romance Standard Time (RST).

Ministry of Defence (Russia)

Ministry of Defence (Russia)

The Ministry of Defence of the Russian Federation is the governing body of the Russian Armed Forces.

Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Russia)

Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Russia)

The Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation is the central government institution charged with leading the foreign policy and foreign relations of Russia. It is a continuation of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic, which was under the supervision of the Soviet Ministry of External Relations. Sergei Lavrov is the current foreign minister.

Dmytro Kuleba

Dmytro Kuleba

Dmytro Ivanovych Kuleba is a Ukrainian politician, diplomat, and communications specialist, currently serving as Minister of Foreign Affairs. He is also concurrently a member of the National Defense and Security Council of Ukraine.

Mykhailo Podolyak

Mykhailo Podolyak

Mykhailo Mykhailovych Podolyak is a Ukrainian politician, journalist and negotiator, serving as the adviser to the president of Ukraine Volodymyr Zelenskyy.

Oleksiy Danilov

Oleksiy Danilov

Oleksiy Miacheslavovych Danilov is a Ukrainian politician. He is the current Secretary of the National Security and Defense Council.

National Security and Defense Council of Ukraine

National Security and Defense Council of Ukraine

The National Security and Defense Council of Ukraine is an advisory state body to the president of Ukraine.

Druzhba pipeline

Druzhba pipeline

The Druzhba pipeline is one of the world's longest oil pipelines and one of the largest oil pipeline networks in the world. It began operation in 1964 and remains in operation in 2022. It carries oil some 4,000 kilometres (2,500 mi) from the eastern part of European Russia to points in Ukraine, Belarus, Poland, Hungary, Slovakia, the Czech Republic, Austria and Germany. The network also branches out into numerous smaller pipelines to deliver its product throughout Eastern Europe and beyond.

Prime Minister of Hungary

Prime Minister of Hungary

The prime minister of Hungary is the head of government of Hungary. The prime minister and the Cabinet are collectively accountable for their policies and actions to the Parliament, to their political party and ultimately to the electorate. The current holder of the office is Viktor Orbán, leader of the Fidesz – Hungarian Civic Alliance, who has served since 29 May 2010.

Source: "2022 missile explosion in Poland", Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, (2022, November 28th), https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2022_missile_explosion_in_Poland.

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References
  1. ^ "Explosion kills two in Poland near Ukraine border, with US claiming Russia may not be responsible". ABC News. 15 November 2022. Retrieved 15 November 2022.
  2. ^ "Wybuch w miejscowości Przewodów. Nie żyją dwie osoby" [Explosion in Przewodów. Two people are dead]. Radio Lublin (in Polish). 15 November 2022. Retrieved 15 November 2022.
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  9. ^ a b "US officials: Initial findings suggest missile that hit Poland was fired by Ukrainian forces at incoming Russian missile". ABC News. 16 November 2022.
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  11. ^ a b c d e "Szokująca skala ataku Rosjan. Mógł kosztować nawet miliard dolarów" [The shocking scale of the Russian attack. It could cost up to a billion dollars]. Wprost (in Polish). 16 November 2022. Retrieved 17 November 2022.
  12. ^ "Polish men killed by missile strike near Ukrainian border identified". 16 November 2022.
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  15. ^ "Luto y terror en el pueblo polaco donde cayó el misil: "Medio minuto después y estarían vivos"" [Mourning and terror in the Polish town where the missile fell: "Half a minute later and they would be alive"]. www.elmundo.es. 18 November 2022.
  16. ^ Harrison, Charles (15 November 2022). "At least two dead after Russian missiles land in NATO state Poland". Express.co.uk. Retrieved 15 November 2022.
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  22. ^ "Security experts for the BBC: It is unclear who fired the missiles at Poland". Vox News. 15 November 2022. Retrieved 16 November 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
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  24. ^ Malsin, Jared (30 September 2022). "Ukrainian Forces Move to Surround Russian Troops in Key City as Putin Lays Claim to Regions". Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 1 October 2022.
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  27. ^ Bose, Nandita (15 November 2022). "Poland blast may not be from Russian missile, Biden says". Reuters. Retrieved 15 November 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  28. ^ a b "Zelensky Still Has Doubts About Missile that Hit Poland". Kyiv Post. 17 November 2022.
  29. ^ "Ukraine likely to get access to missile blast site -Polish officials". Reuters. 17 November 2022.
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