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2022 Nepalese general election

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2022 Nepalese general election

← 2017 20 November 2022[1] 2027 →

All 275 seats in the House of Representatives
138 seats needed for a majority
Opinion polls
Registered17,988,570
Turnout61% (Decrease 7.63 pp)
Declared
86.06%
as of 03:00, 26 November 2022 NST
  Prime Minister of Nepal, Shri Sher Bahadur Deuba, in Glasgow, Scotland on November 02, 2021 (1).jpg KP Oli.png Prachanda 2009.jpg
Leader Sher Bahadur Deuba K. P. Sharma Oli Pushpa Kamal Dahal
Party Nepali Congress CPN (UML) Maoist Centre
Leader since 7 March 2016 July 2014 May 1999
Leader's seat Dadeldhura 1 Jhapa 5 Gorkha 2
Last election 32.78%, 64 seats 33.25%, 121 seats 13.66%, 53 seats
Current seats 63 94 49
Seats needed Increase75 Increase44 Increase89

  Madhav Kumar Nepal 2009-09-23.jpg Upendra Yadav at Rajbiraj (cropped).jpg MahanthaThakur.png
Leader Madhav Kumar Nepal Upendra Yadav Mahantha Thakur
Party Unified Socialist PSP-N Loktantrik Samajwadi
Leader since 18 August 2021 8 June 2020 18 August 2021
Leader's seat Rautahat 1 Saptari 2 Mahottari 3
Last election New party New party New party
Current seats 25 20 14
Seats needed Increase113 Increase118 Increase124

  Rabi Lamichhane in Sydney 2019.jpg RajendraLingden 20211209142358-cropped.png
Leader Rabi Lamichhane Rajendra Lingden Ranjeeta Shrestha
Party RSP RPP Nagrik Unmukti
Leader since 1 July 2022 5 December 2021 3 January 2022
Leader's seat Chitwan 2 Jhapa 3 Kailali 1
Last election New party 2,06%, 1 seat New party
Current seats 1
Seats needed Increase138 Increase137 Increase138

2022NepalGeneralElection.svg
A map of presenting the results of the election, by party of MP elected from each constituency.

Incumbent Prime Minister

Sher Bahadur Deuba
Nepali Congress



General elections were held in Nepal on 20 November 2022 to elect the 275 members of the House of Representatives.[2] There were two ballots in the election; one to elect 165 members from single-member constituencies via FPTP, and the other to elect the remaining 110 members from a single nation-wide constituency via party-list proportional representation.

The election were held alongside provincial elections for the seven provincial assemblies.

Discover more about 2022 Nepalese general election related topics

Nepal

Nepal

Nepal, formerly the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal, is a landlocked country in South Asia. It is mainly situated in the Himalayas, but also includes parts of the Indo-Gangetic Plain, bordering the Tibet Autonomous Region of China to the north, and India in the south, east, and west, while it is narrowly separated from Bangladesh by the Siliguri Corridor, and from Bhutan by the Indian state of Sikkim. Nepal has a diverse geography, including fertile plains, subalpine forested hills, and eight of the world's ten tallest mountains, including Mount Everest, the highest point on Earth. Nepal is a multi-ethnic, multi-lingual, multi-religious and multi-cultural state, with Nepali as the official language. Kathmandu is the nation's capital and the largest city.

House of Representatives (Nepal)

House of Representatives (Nepal)

The House of Representatives, or Pratinidhi Sabha is the one of the houses of the Federal Parliament of Nepal, with the other house being the National Assembly. Members of the House of Representatives are elected through a parallel voting system. They hold their seats for five years or until the body is dissolved by the President on the advice of the council of ministers. The house meets in the International Convention Centre in Kathmandu.

First-past-the-post voting

First-past-the-post voting

In a first-past-the-post electoral system formally called single-member plurality voting (SMP) when used in single-member districts, or (informally) choose-one voting in contrast to ranked voting or score voting), voters cast their vote for a candidate of their choice, and the candidate who receives the most votes wins.

Party-list proportional representation

Party-list proportional representation

Party-list proportional representation (list-PR) is a subset of proportional representation electoral systems in which multiple candidates are elected through their position on an electoral list. They can also be used as part of mixed-member electoral systems.

2022 Nepalese provincial elections

2022 Nepalese provincial elections

Provincial assembly elections will be held in Nepal on 20 November 2022 along with the general election. 330 seats in the seven provincial assemblies will be elected by first-past-the-post voting and 220 by proportional representation.

Background

The fifth House of Representatives elected in 2017 had a five year term ending in March 2023. In May 2018, the CPN (Unified Marxist–Leninist) and CPN (Maoist Centre) parties merged to form the Nepal Communist Party. The merger between the two coalition partners took their total strength in the House of Representatives to 174. The leaders of the two parties had an agreement to share the post of Prime Minister with the CPN (Unified Marxist–Leninist) chairman KP Sharma Oli handing over the post to CPN (Maoist Centre) chairman Pushpa Kamal Dahal after two and a half years. On 20 November 2019, the two leaders agreed to let Oli complete his full term as prime minister.[3] In a secretariat meeting of the Nepal Communist Party on 14 November 2020, Dahal presented a political document which accused Oli not following party orders and being individualistic.[4] In response to Dahal, Oli rejected Dahal's accusations and presented his own political document which accused Dahal of not letting Oli run the government.[5] As the strife within the party continued, Oli requested President Bidhya Devi Bhandari to dissolve the House of Representatives on 20 December 2020 as a no-confidence motion was being prepared against him.[6][7][8] In protest of the decision by Oli, seven ministers of the cabinet resigned.[9][10]

The House was reinstated on 23 February 2021 but on 7 March 2021, deciding on a separate writ, the Supreme Court annulled the decision of the Election Commission to grant the name Nepal Communist Party to the party created by merger of the CPN (Unified Marxist–Leninist) and CPN (Maoist Centre), and positioned them to their pre merger status.[11] The CPN (Maoist Centre) withdrew its support from the government on 5 May 2021 and Oli failed to obtain a vote of confidence while a faction of his own party boycotted the vote.[12]

On 13 May 2021, Oli was appointed minority Prime Minister as the leader of the party in parliament with the highest seats.[13] Rather than retake a vote of confidence, Oli started the process of formation of government through provision of Article 76(5), which was challenged in the Supreme Court. Sher Bahadur Deuba claimed signed support of 149 MPs, including 26 from the CPN (Unified Marxist–Leninist) and 13 from the People's Socialist Party, Nepal.[14][15] Oli claimed support of all MPs of the CPN (UML) and the People's Socialist Party, Nepal.[16] President Bhandari decided on 22 May 2021 that both claims were inadequate and announced the dissolution of House, leading to widespread opposition.[17][18][19][20] On 12 July 2021, the Supreme Court ruled the dissolution of parliament invalid, while ordering the appointment of Deuba as Prime Minister, as per article 76(5), by submitting 149 signatures to the President, which is a majority of 271 members present in the House.[21]

A cabinet decision on 4 August 2022 decided on holding the next general election on 20 November 2022.[22][23] The house was finally dissolved on 18 September 2022 after the completion of its five-year term.[24][25]

Discover more about Background related topics

2017 Nepalese general election

2017 Nepalese general election

General elections were held in Nepal in two phases on 26 November and 7 December 2017 to elect the 275 members of the fifth House of Representatives, the lower house of the Federal Parliament of Nepal. The election was held alongside the first provincial elections for the seven provincial assemblies. A political deadlock between the governing Nepali Congress and the winning left-wing coalition over the system used to elect the upper house led to delay in forming the new government. Following the announcement of final result by the Election Commission, K.P. Oli of Communist Party of Nepal was sworn in as Prime Minister on 15 February 2018 by the President according to Article 76 (2) of the constitution. He passed a Motion of Confidence on 11 March 2018 with 208 votes.

Nepal Communist Party

Nepal Communist Party

The Nepal Communist Party, abbreviated NCP is a defunct communist party of Nepal. It was founded on 17 May 2018, from the unification of two leftist parties, Communist Party of Nepal and Communist Party of Nepal. The unification was completed by the Party Unification Coordination Committee, after eight months of negotiation. The two predecessor parties subsequently dissolved, making way for the new united party. The party retained the electoral symbol of the CPN, the sun.

House of Representatives (Nepal)

House of Representatives (Nepal)

The House of Representatives, or Pratinidhi Sabha is the one of the houses of the Federal Parliament of Nepal, with the other house being the National Assembly. Members of the House of Representatives are elected through a parallel voting system. They hold their seats for five years or until the body is dissolved by the President on the advice of the council of ministers. The house meets in the International Convention Centre in Kathmandu.

Prime Minister of Nepal

Prime Minister of Nepal

The prime minister of Nepal is the head of government of Nepal. The prime minister is the head of the Council of Ministers of Nepal and the chief adviser to the president of Nepal.

KP Sharma Oli

KP Sharma Oli

Khadga Prasad Sharma Oli is a Nepalese politician and former Prime Minister of Nepal. He served three terms as prime minister from 11 October 2015 to 3 August 2016, from 15 February 2018 to 13 May 2021 as the first elected prime minister under the new constitution, and from 13 May 2021 to 13 July 2021.

Pushpa Kamal Dahal

Pushpa Kamal Dahal

Pushpa Kamal Dahal, also widely known by his nom de guerre Prachanda, meaning "fierce", is a Nepalese politician who served as Prime Minister of Nepal from 2008 to 2009 and again from 2016 to 2017.

President of Nepal

President of Nepal

The president of Nepal is the head of state of Nepal and the commander-in-chief of the Nepalese Armed Forces.

Bidya Devi Bhandari

Bidya Devi Bhandari

Bidya Devi Bhandari is a Nepali politician who is serving as the second and current president of Nepal. She formerly served as the minister of defence and minister of environment and population.

Second Oli cabinet

Second Oli cabinet

The Second Oli cabinet was the Government of Nepal from 15 February 2018 to 13 July 2021. It was initially formed as a majority coalition on 15 February 2018, after Khadga Prasad Sharma Oli was elected as the new Prime Minister of Nepal following the 2017 general election. Oli's candidacy was supported by the Communist Party of Nepal and the Communist Party of Nepal. He assumed his office along with two ministers with the remaining ministers added at later points. The CPN withdrew its support from the government in May 2021, reducing it to a minority, and after the dissolution of the House of Representatives, it turned into an interim government. The second Oli cabinet was replaced by the fifth Deuba cabinet, formed after the Supreme Court ordered the appointment of Nepali Congress president Sher Bahadur Deuba as prime minister under in accordance with Article 76 (5) of the Constitution of Nepal.

Supreme Court of Nepal

Supreme Court of Nepal

The Supreme Court of Nepal is the highest court in Nepal. It has appellate jurisdiction over decisions of the seven High Courts and extraordinary original jurisdiction. The court consists of twenty Justices and one Chief Justice.

Sher Bahadur Deuba

Sher Bahadur Deuba

Sher Bahadur Deuba is a Nepali politician serving as the prime minister of Nepal since 13 July 2021. He has also been serving as the president of the Nepali Congress since 2016. Deuba has previously served four terms as the prime minister and is the Member of Parliament for the parliamentary constituency of Dadeldhura 1.

People's Socialist Party, Nepal

People's Socialist Party, Nepal

The People's Socialist Party, Nepal, also known as Janata Samajbadi Party is the fifth largest political party in Nepal. Since the 2022 local election, the party has been limited to stand only as the third largest party of Madhesh Province after the Nepali Congress and CPN (UML) respectively. Recently the party faced multiple splits under Mahantha Thakur, Baburam Bhattarai, Mahendra Ray Yadav and Resham Lal Chaudhary.

Timetable

The key dates are listed below:

4 August Last date to register to be on electoral roll
4 August Cabinet announces election date
16 August Last day for party registration at Election Commission
17 September Tenure of Legislature parliament ends
19 September Parties submit preliminary closed list for proportional representation
28 September Election code of conduct starts
9 October Candidate nomination for first past the post
26 October Closed list for proportional representation finalized and published
20 November Election day[26]
TBD Final result announced and presented to President

Electoral system

The 275 members of the legislature are elected by two methods; 165 are elected from single-member constituencies by first-past-the-post voting and 110 seats are elected by closed list proportional representation from a single nationwide constituency.[27] Voters receive separate ballot papers for the two methods. A party or electoral alliance has to pass the election threshold of 3% of the overall valid vote to be allocated a seat in the proportional vote.[28] Nepal uses the Sainte-Laguë method to allocate proportional seats.[29]

Voting is limited to Nepali citizens aged 18 or over of sound mind and not having been declared ineligible under federal election fraud and punishment laws.[30]

Eligibility to vote

To vote in the general election, one must be:[30]

  • on the electoral roll
  • aged 18 or over on 19 December 2022
  • a citizen of Nepal
  • of sound mind
  • not ineligible as per federal election fraud and punishment laws

Discover more about Electoral system related topics

First-past-the-post voting

First-past-the-post voting

In a first-past-the-post electoral system formally called single-member plurality voting (SMP) when used in single-member districts, or (informally) choose-one voting in contrast to ranked voting or score voting), voters cast their vote for a candidate of their choice, and the candidate who receives the most votes wins.

Closed list

Closed list

Closed list describes the variant of party-list systems where voters can effectively only vote for political parties as a whole; thus they have no influence on the party-supplied order in which party candidates are elected. If voters had some influence, that would be called an open list. Closed list systems are still commonly used in party-list proportional representation, and most mixed electoral systems also use closed lists in their party list component. Many countries, however have changed their electoral systems to use open lists to incorporate personalised representation to their proportional systems.

Proportional representation

Proportional representation

Proportional representation (PR) refers to a type of electoral system under which subgroups of an electorate are reflected proportionately in the elected body. The concept applies mainly to geographical and political divisions of the electorate. The essence of such systems is that all votes cast - or almost all votes cast - contribute to the result and are actually used to help elect someone—not just a plurality, or a bare majority—and that the system produces mixed, balanced representation reflecting how votes are cast.

Electoral roll

Electoral roll

An electoral roll is a compilation that lists persons who are entitled to vote for particular elections in a particular jurisdiction. The list is usually broken down by electoral districts, and is primarily prepared to assist election officials at polling places. Most jurisdictions maintain permanent electoral rolls, which are updated continuously or periodically, while some jurisdictions compile new electoral rolls before each election. Electoral rolls are the result of a process of voter registration. In most jurisdictions, voter registration is a prerequisite for voting at an election. Some jurisdictions do not require voter registration, and do not use electoral rolls, such as the state of North Dakota in the United States. In those jurisdictions a voter must provide identification and proof of entitlement to vote before being permitted to vote.

Pre election arrangement

Party Ideology 2017 result Seats at dissolution
Votes (%) Seats
CPN (Unified Marxist–Leninist) Marxism–Leninism

People's Multiparty Democracy

30.68
121 / 275
94 / 275
Nepali Congress Social democracy
Third Way
35.75
63 / 275
63 / 275
CPN (Maoist Centre) Marxism–Leninism–Maoism–Prachanda Path 13.66
53 / 275
49 / 275
CPN (Unified Socialist) Marxism–Leninism New party
25 / 275
People's Socialist Party, Nepal Democratic socialism RJPN 4.95
17 / 275
16 / 275
FSFN 4.93
16 / 275
Naya Shakti 0.86
1 / 275
Loktantrik Samajwadi Party, Nepal Social democracy New party
13 / 275
Nepal Socialist Party Social democracy New party
5 / 275
Rastriya Prajatantra Party[a] Constitutional monarchism
Economic liberalism
Hindu nationalism
RPP 2.06
1 / 275
1 / 275
RPP(D) 0.93
0 / 275
URPP(N) 0.30
0 / 275
People's Progressive Party[a] Social democracy
Agrarianism
New party
1 / 275
Rastriya Janamorcha[a] Anti-federalism
Communism
Marxism–Leninism
0.65
1 / 275
1 / 275
Nepal Workers' and Peasants' Party[a] Marxism–Leninism
Mao-Zedong-Thought
Juche
0.59
1 / 275
1 / 275
Independent[b]
1 / 275
1 / 275
  1. ^ a b c d Represented as an independent politician in 2017 for not meeting the threshold.
  2. ^ Joined the CPN (Maoist Centre) but stayed as an independent politician.

Discover more about Pre election arrangement related topics

Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist–Leninist)

Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist–Leninist)

The Communist Party of Nepal , abbreviated CPN (UML), is a political party in Nepal. CPN (UML) is a communist party in Nepal formed in January 1991 after the merger of the Communist Party of Nepal (Marxist) and the Communist Party of Nepal (Marxist–Leninist). There have been four prime ministers from the party and the party has led the government five times. The party merged with CPN to form the Nepal Communist Party on 17 May 2018 but the new party was dissolved and CPN (UML) was revived by a Supreme Court decision on 8 March 2021.

Marxism–Leninism

Marxism–Leninism

Marxism–Leninism is a communist ideology which was the main communist movement throughout the 20th century. Developed by the Bolsheviks, it was the state ideology of the Soviet Union, its satellite states in the Eastern Bloc, and various countries in the Non-Aligned Movement and Third World during the Cold War, as well as the Communist International after Bolshevisation. Today, Marxism–Leninism is the ideology of the ruling parties of China, Cuba, Laos and Vietnam, as well as many other communist parties, while the state ideology of North Korea is derived from Marxism–Leninism. Marxist–Leninist states are commonly referred to as "communist states" by Western academics.

People's Multiparty Democracy

People's Multiparty Democracy

People's Multiparty Democracy refers to the ideological line of the Communist Party of Nepal, Unified Socialist Party and Nepal Communist Party. It was proclaimed in 1993. This thought abandons the traditional Leninist idea of a revolutionary communist vanguard party in favor of a democratic multi-party system. It is considered an extension of Marxism–Leninism by Madan Bhandari, the CPN-UML leader who developed it, and is based on the home-ground politics of Nepal.

Nepali Congress

Nepali Congress

The Nepali Congress is the largest social democratic political party in Nepal. As per the results of recent local election, Nepali Congress stands as the single largest party of Nepal in local levels. It is the current ruling party of Nepal since July 2021. With more than one million active members, the party remains the largest party in Nepal by membership and is the only mass based party in Nepal.

Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist Centre)

Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist Centre)

The Communist Party of Nepal , abbreviated CPN , CPN-Maoist Centre, CPN Maoist Centre, or CPN (MC), is the third largest political party in Nepal. It was founded in 1994 after breaking away from the Communist Party of Nepal.

Marxism–Leninism–Maoism–Prachanda Path

Marxism–Leninism–Maoism–Prachanda Path

Marxism–Leninism–Maoism–Prachanda Path is the ideological line of the Unified Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist), also known as the UCPN(M). It is considered a development of Marxism–Leninism–Maoism (MLM) and named after the leader of the UCPN(M), Pushpa Kamal Dahal, commonly known as Prachanda. Prachanda Path was proclaimed in 2001. The ideology was partially inspired by the example of the Communist Party of Peru – Shining Path, which refers to its ideological line as Marxism–Leninism–Maoism–Gonzalo Thought.

Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Socialist)

Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Socialist)

The Communist Party of Nepal , abbreviated as CPN is the fourth largest political party in Nepal. Former Prime Minister Madhav Kumar Nepal is the chairman of the party and former Prime Minister Jhala Nath Khanal serves as the senior leader.

Democratic socialism

Democratic socialism

Democratic socialism is a left-wing political philosophy that supports political democracy and some form of a socially owned economy, with a particular emphasis on economic democracy, workplace democracy, and workers' self-management within a market socialist economy or an alternative form of a decentralised planned socialist economy. Democratic socialists argue that capitalism is inherently incompatible with the values of freedom, equality, and solidarity and that these ideals can only be achieved through the realisation of a socialist society. Although most democratic socialists seek a gradual transition to socialism, democratic socialism can support revolutionary or reformist politics to establish socialism. Democratic socialism was popularised by socialists who opposed the backsliding towards a one-party state in the Soviet Union and other nations during the 20th century.

Federal Socialist Forum, Nepal

Federal Socialist Forum, Nepal

The Federal Socialist Forum, Nepal was a democratic socialist political party in Nepal. The party was formed on 15 June 2015 from the merger of the Madhesi Jana Adhikar Forum, Nepal, the Federal Socialist Party Nepal and the Khas Samabeshi Party. On 6 May 2019, the party merged with Naya Shakti Party, Nepal to form Samajbadi Party, Nepal.

Naya Shakti Party, Nepal

Naya Shakti Party, Nepal

Naya Shakti Party, Nepal was a democratic socialist political party in Nepal formed by former Prime Minister Baburam Bhattarai on 12 June 2016. On 6 May 2019, the party merged with Federal Socialist Forum, Nepal to form Samajbadi Party, Nepal.

Loktantrik Samajwadi Party, Nepal

Loktantrik Samajwadi Party, Nepal

The Loktantrik Samajwadi Party, Nepal, is the sixth largest political party in Nepal. The party was officially registered at Election Commission, Nepal on 18 August 2021. Mahantha Thakur is the president of the new party. The party was formed after split in PSP-N to join KP Oli led government. Currently, the party stands as the fourth largest party of Madhesh province after Nepali Congress, CPN (UML) and Janata Samajbadi respectively.

Nepal Socialist Party

Nepal Socialist Party

Socialist Party of Nepal is a democratic socialist political party in Nepal. It is led jointly by former prime minister Dr. Baburam Bhattarai and senior leader of the Terai-Madhesh region Mahendra Ray Yadav.

Electoral alliances and parties

Five-Party Alliance

The coalition government of Nepali Congress, CPN (Maoist Centre), CPN (Unified Socialist), People's Socialist Party and Rastriya Janamorcha decided to form an alliance to contest the parliamentary elections on 5 August 2022.[31][32] Later on August 15, Nepal Socialist Party led by former prime Minister Baburam Bhattarai decided to contest the election under the election symbol and manifesto of CPN (Maoist Centre).[33] On October 9, on the deadline of the candidate nominations, People's Socialist Party broke away from the alliance and the alliance decided to support Loktantrik Samajwadi Party in 7 seats.[34][35] The alliance also supported Ghanashyam Bhusal in Rupandehi 1 and Prabhu Sah in Rautahat 3 who ran as dissident candidates from CPN (UML) from seats allotted to CPN (Maoist Centre).[36][37][38] After the candidacy of Raju Gurung of Unified Socialist was scrapped by the Election Commission, the alliance decided to support Rastriya Janamukti Party candidate Keshav Bahadur Thapa in Rupandehi 2 except for Rastriya Janamorcha who decided to support the candidate from Nepal Majdoor Kisan Party.[39]

Party Symbol Leader Leader's Seat Seats contested Male candidates Female candidates
1. Nepali Congress Nepalese Election Symbol Tree.svg Sher Bahadur Deuba Dadeldhura 1 91[40] 86 5
2. Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist Centre) Nepalese Election Symbol Hammer and sickle.svg[41] Pushpa Kamal Dahal Gorkha 2 46[a] 38 8
3. Socialist Party of Nepal Baburam Bhattarai None[42]
4. Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Socialist) Nepalese Election Symbol Pen.svg Madhav Kumar Nepal Rautahat 1 20 19 1
5. Loktantrik Samajwadi Party, Nepal Nepalese Election Symbol Bicycle.svg Mahantha Thakur Mahottari 3 51[b] 48 3
6. Rastriya Janamorcha Nepalese Election Symbol Tea Glass.svg Chitra Bahadur K.C. Baglung 1 2 1 1
Total 165 152 13

CPN (UML) + People's Socialist Party

CPN (UML) decided to support People's Socialist Party in 7 seats on 9 October 2022.[34] The CPN (UML) also decided to support Rastriya Prajtantra Party candidates in Jhapa 5, Rupandehi 1 and Banke 2 and decided to field Rastriya Prajtantra Party Nepal chairman Kamal Thapa in Makwanpur 1 under their election symbol.[36] The party also supported dissident candidate from Nepali Congress, Dinesh Koirala in Chitwan 3, Karna Bahadur Malla of Nepali Congress (B.P.) in Dadeldhura 1 and Hridayesh Tripathi of the People's Progressive Party in Parasi 1.[38]

Party[43][44] Symbol Leader Leader's Seat Seats contested Male candidates Female candidates
1. Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist–Leninist) Nepal Communist Party symbol.svg KP Sharma Oli Jhapa 5 141 130 11
2. Nepal Pariwar Dal Ek Nath Dhakal Party list[45]
4. People's Socialist Party, Nepal Nepalese Election Symbol Umbrella.svg Upendra Yadav Saptari 2 79[c] 72 7
Total 158 147 11

Others

Party Symbol Leader Leader's Seat Seats contested Male candidates Female candidates
Rastriya Prajatantra Party Nepalese Election Symbol Plow.svg Rajendra Prasad Lingden Jhapa 3 140 132 8
Rastriya Prajatantra Party Nepal Arrow PPP symbol.png Kamal Thapa Makawanpur 1[d] 58 52 6
Rastriya Swatantra Party RastriyaSwatantraParty ElectionSymbol.svg Rabi Lamichhane Chitwan 2 131[46] 119 12
Nepal Workers' and Peasants' Party Nepal Majdoor Kisan Party.svg Narayan Man Bijukchhe None[47] 109 97 12
Janamat Party Janamat Party Election Symbol C. K. Raut Saptari 2 54 52 2
Nagarik Unmukti Party Nepalese Election Symbol Dhakiya (Bamboo Basket).svg Resham Lal Chaudhary None 30 27 3
People's Progressive Party Nepalese Election Symbol Farmer.svg Hridayesh Tripathi Parasi 1 15 14 1
Bibeksheel Sajha Party Bibeksheel Sajha Party.svg Samikchya Baskota None 7 7 0
Nepal Sushasan Party Nepalese Election Symbol Mother and Children.svg Ramesh Prasad Kharel[48] Kathmandu 1 9 8 1
Nepal Naulo Janbadi Party Ganga Lal Shrestha Kavrepalanchok 2 1 1 0
Nepal Aama Party Rom Lal Giri Party list 9 6 3
Sachet Nepali Party Punya Prasad Prasain Kathmandu 2 7 7 0
Terai Madhesh Loktantrik Party Nepalese Election Symbol Urn.svg Brikhesh Chandra Lal Mahottari 3 2 2 0
Hamro Nepali Party Nepalese Election Symbol Lauro (Bamboo Stick).svg Anant Raj Ghimire Party list 62 58 4

2017–2022 MPs contesting under a different political affiliation

Outgoing MP[49] 2017 party 2017 constituency 2022 party 2022 constituency
Gauri Shankar Chaudhary CPN (Maoist Centre) Kailali 3 CPN (UML) Kailali 3
Top Bahadur Rayamajhi Arghakhanchi 1 Arghakhanchi 1
Lekh Raj Bhatta Kailali 4 Kailali 4
Uma Shankar Agrariya Federal Socialist Forum Dhanusha 2 Dhanusha 2
Ruhi Naaz Party list Party list
Iqbal Miya Rastriya Janata Party Nepal Bara 4 Bara 4
Amrita Agrahari Party list Party list
Chanda Chaudhary Party list Nepali Congress Party list
Renuka Gurung Federal Socialist Forum Party list Rastriya Prajatantra Party Party list
Parbata DC Chaudhary Nepali Congress Party list Nagrik Unmukti Party Party list
Hridayesh Tripathi CPN (UML) Parasi 1 People's Progressive Party Parasi 1
Ganga Satgauwa[50] Party list Hamro Nepali Party Dang 1
Rambir Manandhar[50] Kathmandu 7 Independent Kathmandu 7
Ghanashyam Bhusal[50] Rupandehi 3 Rupandehi 1
Amresh Kumar Singh[50] Nepali Congress Sarlahi 4 Sarlahi 4
Prabhu Sah CPN (Maoist Centre) Rautahat 3 Rautahat 3
Sarita Giri Federal Socialist Forum Party list Siraha 1

2017-2022 MPs not standing for re-election[49]

CPN (UML)

  • Bhim Bahadur Rawal
  • Khagaraj Adhikari
  • Kedar Sigdel
  • Pabitra Niraula Kharel
  • Jaya Kumar Rai
  • Parbat Gurung
  • Ganesh Kumar Pahadi
  • Krishna Prasad Dahal
  • Jagat Bahadur Bishwakarma
  • Bhupendra Bahadur Thapa
  • Dal Bahadur Rana
  • Nanda Lal Rokka Chhetri
  • Raj Bahadur Budhathoki
  • Nawaraj Rawat
  • Lal Bahadur Thapa
  • Bhairav Bahadur Singh
  • Tham Maya Thapa
  • Kumari Tulsi Thapa
  • Mohan Baniya
  • Radha Kumari Gyawali
  • Binda Pandey
  • Goma Devkota
  • Man Kumari GC
  • Mayadevi Neupane
  • Bishnu Sharma
  • Sarita Neupane
  • Maina Kumari Bhandari
  • Tirtha Gautam
  • Shiva Maya Tumbahangphe
  • Sujata Shakya
  • Bina Kumari Shrestha
  • Nabina Lama
  • Shanti Maya Tamang
  • Kumari Meche
  • Bimala Bishwakarma
  • Bimala BK
  • Sanu Shiva
  • Aasha Kumari BK
  • Motilal Dugad
  • Sarita Kumari Giri
  • Rekha Kumari

Nepali Congress

  • Karma Ghale
  • Lalkaji Gurung
  • Jeep Tshering Lama
  • Pramila Rai
  • Mahendra Kumari Limbu
  • Hira Gurung
  • Mina Subba
  • Divyamani Rajbhandari
  • Satya Narayan Sharma
  • Mohan Panday
  • Ram Bahadur Bista
  • Dila Sangraula
  • Meena Pandey
  • Uma Regmi
  • Rangmati Shahi
  • Gyan Kumari Chhantyal
  • Namita Kumari Chaudhary
  • Smriti Narayan Chaudhary
  • Man Bahadur Bishwakarma
  • Min Bahadur Bishwakarma
  • Prakash Rasaili
  • Sujata Pariyar
  • Laxmi Pariyar
  • Bimala Nepali
  • Sita Devi Yadav
  • Minakshi Jha
  • Atahar Kamal Musalman
  • Sarbat Aara Khanam
  • Minendra Rijal
  • Mohammad Aftab Alam

CPN (Maoist Centre)

  • Surendra Karki
  • Ganga Bahadur Tamang
  • Hem Kumar Rai
  • Suresh Kumar Rai
  • Shyam Kumar Shrestha
  • Haribol Gajurel
  • Agni Prasad Sapkota[51]
  • Hari Raj Adhikari
  • Kamala Rokka
  • Krishna Bahadur Mahara[52]
  • Tek Bahadur Basnet
  • Gajendra Bahadur Mahat[52]
  • Suresh Chandra Das
  • Santa Kumar Tharu
  • Jayapuri Gharti
  • Sashi Shrestha
  • Yashoda Gurung Subedi
  • Chudamani Khadka
  • Purna Kumari Subedi
  • Dharmasheela Chapagain
  • Satya Pahadi
  • Indu Kumari Sharma
  • Ram Kumari Chaudhary
  • Durga Kumari Bishwakarma
  • Bodhmaya Kumari Yadav
  • Dil Kumari Sah
  • Chanda Tara Kumari
  • Amrita Thapa
  • Durga Bahadur Rawat

CPN (Unified Socialist)

  • Kalilka Khatun
  • Gopal Bahadur Bam
  • Bhawani Prasad Khapung
  • Hira Chandra KC
  • bishal
  • Kalyani Kumari Khadka
  • Nira Devi Jairu
  • Sarala Yadav
  • Pushpa Kumari Karna Kayastha
  • Samina Hussein
  • Parbani Kumari Bishunkhe
  • Laxmi Chaudhary
  • Bina Budhathoki

Discover more about Electoral alliances and parties related topics

Nepali Congress

Nepali Congress

The Nepali Congress is the largest social democratic political party in Nepal. As per the results of recent local election, Nepali Congress stands as the single largest party of Nepal in local levels. It is the current ruling party of Nepal since July 2021. With more than one million active members, the party remains the largest party in Nepal by membership and is the only mass based party in Nepal.

People's Socialist Party, Nepal

People's Socialist Party, Nepal

The People's Socialist Party, Nepal, also known as Janata Samajbadi Party is the fifth largest political party in Nepal. Since the 2022 local election, the party has been limited to stand only as the third largest party of Madhesh Province after the Nepali Congress and CPN (UML) respectively. Recently the party faced multiple splits under Mahantha Thakur, Baburam Bhattarai, Mahendra Ray Yadav and Resham Lal Chaudhary.

Rastriya Janamorcha

Rastriya Janamorcha

Rastriya Janamorcha is a political party in Nepal. It was originally founded in 1995 as the legal front of Communist Party of Nepal (Masal). Former Deputy Prime Minister, Chitra Bahdur KC is the chairman of the party.

Nepal Socialist Party

Nepal Socialist Party

Socialist Party of Nepal is a democratic socialist political party in Nepal. It is led jointly by former prime minister Dr. Baburam Bhattarai and senior leader of the Terai-Madhesh region Mahendra Ray Yadav.

Baburam Bhattarai

Baburam Bhattarai

Baburam Bhattarai, also known by his nom de guerre Laaldhwoj, is a Nepalese politician and former Prime Minister, who presently serves as leader of the Nepal Socialist Party.

Loktantrik Samajwadi Party, Nepal

Loktantrik Samajwadi Party, Nepal

The Loktantrik Samajwadi Party, Nepal, is the sixth largest political party in Nepal. The party was officially registered at Election Commission, Nepal on 18 August 2021. Mahantha Thakur is the president of the new party. The party was formed after split in PSP-N to join KP Oli led government. Currently, the party stands as the fourth largest party of Madhesh province after Nepali Congress, CPN (UML) and Janata Samajbadi respectively.

Ghanashyam Bhusal

Ghanashyam Bhusal

Ghanashyam Bhusal ( born on September 11, 1961) in Pidikhola, Syangja district, is a Nepalese Politician and serving as the Member Of House Of Representatives (Nepal) elected from Rupandehi 3 constituency of Lumbini province. Bhusal has been supporting CPN for proportional representation votes.

Prabhu Sah

Prabhu Sah

Prabhu Sah is a Nepalese politician and a former Minister of Urban Development of Government of Nepal. A long time communist politician Sah is now an independent politician since a deviation was developed in communist parties of Nepal.

Rautahat 3 (constituency)

Rautahat 3 (constituency)

Rautahat 3 is one of four parliamentary constituencies of Rautahat District in Nepal. This constituency came into existence on the Constituency Delimitation Commission (CDC) report submitted on 31 August 2017.

Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist Centre)

Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist Centre)

The Communist Party of Nepal , abbreviated CPN , CPN-Maoist Centre, CPN Maoist Centre, or CPN (MC), is the third largest political party in Nepal. It was founded in 1994 after breaking away from the Communist Party of Nepal.

Election Commission (Nepal)

Election Commission (Nepal)

The Election Commission is a constitutional body responsible for conducting and monitoring elections, as well as registering parties and candidates and reporting election outcomes, in Nepal. It was born out of the 1950 revolution in Nepal, and was established in law in 1951, although it has been changed somewhat by law over time. It has six members who serve for six-year terms, as established by the Constitution of Nepal. During the Constituent Assembly elections in 2008, it was criticized for not fully upholding its duties, but was acknowledged to have managed the elections well nonetheless.

Rastriya Janamukti Party

Rastriya Janamukti Party

Rastriya Janamukti Partry is a political party in Nepal. The party was founded on 6 May 1990 as Nepal Rastriya Janamukti Morcha. After unification with Rastriya Jana Party on 20 January 1992, the unified party adopted the name, Rastriya Janamukti Party.

Surveys and opinion polls

Dates conducted Pollster Party Party list Constituency Total
16–30 Oct Annapurna Media Network[54] Nepali Congress 36 30% 59–63 101–105
CPN (UML) 40 34% 47–52 90–100
Maoist Centre 14 11% 17–21 30–40
RSP 10 9% 1–5 10–15
Unified Socialist 0 9–13 9–12
PSP-N 5 4% 4–8 8–12
RPP 5 4% 2–6 6–10
LSP-N 0 1–4 2–4
Janamorcha 0 1–2 1–2
Majdoor Kisan 0 1–3 1
Nagrik Unmukti 0 1–3 1
Independents 0 5–9 6–10
Sample size 19,858 Total 110 165 275

Exit polls

Dates conducted Pollster Party Constituency
19 Nov ABC News[55] Nepali Congress 61-70
CPN (UML) 34-41
Maoist Centre 24-31
Unified Socialist 7-10
PSP-N 5-7
RPP 3-5
LSP-N 3-4
Janamorcha 2
Others 10-15
Tossup 16
Total 165

Discover more about Surveys and opinion polls related topics

Nepali Congress

Nepali Congress

The Nepali Congress is the largest social democratic political party in Nepal. As per the results of recent local election, Nepali Congress stands as the single largest party of Nepal in local levels. It is the current ruling party of Nepal since July 2021. With more than one million active members, the party remains the largest party in Nepal by membership and is the only mass based party in Nepal.

Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist Centre)

Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist Centre)

The Communist Party of Nepal , abbreviated CPN , CPN-Maoist Centre, CPN Maoist Centre, or CPN (MC), is the third largest political party in Nepal. It was founded in 1994 after breaking away from the Communist Party of Nepal.

Rastriya Swatantra Party

Rastriya Swatantra Party

Rastriya Swantantra Party is a Nepalese political party founded on 21 June 2022 by former journalist Rabi Lamichhane.

Rastriya Swatantra Party

Rastriya Swatantra Party

The Rastriya Swatantra Party, NIP or RSP is the third largest political party in Nepal. The party was founded in June 2022 by Rabi Lamichhane. The party was registered with the Election Commission of Nepal on 2022 July 1, ahead of the 2022 Nepalese general election. The party's election symbol is a bell inside a circle.

People's Socialist Party, Nepal

People's Socialist Party, Nepal

The People's Socialist Party, Nepal, also known as Janata Samajbadi Party is the fifth largest political party in Nepal. Since the 2022 local election, the party has been limited to stand only as the third largest party of Madhesh Province after the Nepali Congress and CPN (UML) respectively. Recently the party faced multiple splits under Mahantha Thakur, Baburam Bhattarai, Mahendra Ray Yadav and Resham Lal Chaudhary.

Rastriya Prajatantra Party

Rastriya Prajatantra Party

The Rastriya Prajatantra Party [Nepali pronunciation: [rasʈrijʌ prʌˈd͡zatʌntrʌ ˈpa(r)ʈi]) is a constitutional monarchist and Hindu nationalist political party in Nepal. It was formed by former prime ministers Surya Bahadur Thapa and Lokendra Bahadur Chand, who served two terms each as prime minister since the end of the Rastriya Panchayat.Rabindra Mishra, the former chairman of Bibeksheel Sajha Party, has joined the Rastriya Prajatantra Party (RPP) on September 28, 2022.UML president KP Oli, who is going to contest from Jhapa-5, is on the way to become stronger by alliance with RPP and in return, it seems that UML will support Lingden in Jhapa-3.

Loktantrik Samajwadi Party, Nepal

Loktantrik Samajwadi Party, Nepal

The Loktantrik Samajwadi Party, Nepal, is the sixth largest political party in Nepal. The party was officially registered at Election Commission, Nepal on 18 August 2021. Mahantha Thakur is the president of the new party. The party was formed after split in PSP-N to join KP Oli led government. Currently, the party stands as the fourth largest party of Madhesh province after Nepali Congress, CPN (UML) and Janata Samajbadi respectively.

Rastriya Janamorcha

Rastriya Janamorcha

Rastriya Janamorcha is a political party in Nepal. It was originally founded in 1995 as the legal front of Communist Party of Nepal (Masal). Former Deputy Prime Minister, Chitra Bahdur KC is the chairman of the party.

Nagrik Unmukti Party

Nagrik Unmukti Party

The People's Freedom Party is a political party in Nepal. The party's primary base is in the Tharuhath region, especially Kailali district.

Independent politician

Independent politician

An independent or non-partisan politician is a politician not affiliated with any political party or bureaucratic association. There are numerous reasons why someone may stand for office as an independent.

Results

PartyParty listConstituencyTotal
seats
+/–
Votes%SeatsVotes%Seats
Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist–Leninist)2,158,17227.643838Decrease19
Nepali Congress2,072,26726.545151Increase29
Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist Centre)Nepal Socialist Party913,43511.701616Decrease17
Rastriya Swatantra Party883,01811.3177New
Rastriya Prajatantra Party464,0765.9466Increase5
People's Socialist Party, Nepal251,4373.2255Decrease3
Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Socialist)197,7352.531010Decrease1
Janamat Party179,8852.3011New
Nagrik Unmukti Party175,7902.2533New
Loktantrik Samajwadi Party, Nepal105,3351.3544Decrease6
Others406,1095.2022
Independents55Increase4
Total7,807,259100.00148148
Valid votes7,807,25997.09
Invalid/blank votes234,3562.91
Total votes8,041,615100.00
Registered voters/turnout17,988,57044.7017,988,570
Source: Election Commission Nepal [1] [2] [3]

Results by constituency

Constituency Elected MP Party
Achham 1 Sher Bahadur Kunwor
CPN (Unified Socialist)
Achham 2 Pushpa Bahadur Shah
Nepali Congress
Arghakhanchi 1 Top Bahadur Rayamajhi
CPN (Unified Marxist–Leninist)
Bajhang 1 Bhanu Bhakta Joshi
CPN (Unified Socialist)
Baglung 1 Chitra Bahadur K.C.
Rastriya Janamorcha
Baglung 2 Devendra Paudel
CPN (Maoist Centre)
Baitadi 1 Damodar Bhandari
CPN (Unified Marxist–Leninist)
Bajura 1
Banke 1 Surya Prasad Dhakal
CPN (Unified Marxist–Leninist)
Banke 2 Dhawal Shamsher Rana
Rastriya Prajatantra Party
Banke 3 Kishore Singh Rathore
Nepali Congress
Bara 1 Achyut Prasad Mainali
CPN (Unified Marxist–Leninist)
Bara 2 Ram Sahaya Yadav
People's Socialist Party
Bara 3 Jwala Kumari Sah
CPN (Unified Marxist–Leninist)
Bara 4 Krishna Kumar Shrestha
CPN (Unified Socialist)
Bardiya 1 Sanjay Kumar Gautam
Nepali Congress
Bardiya 2 Lalbir Chaudhary
Independent
Bhaktapur 1 Prem Suwal
Nepal Workers' and Peasants' Party
Bhaktapur 2 Durlabh Thapa Chhetri
Nepali Congress
Bhojpur 1 Sudan Kirati
CPN (Maoist Centre)
Chitwan 1 Hari Dhakal
Rastriya Swatantra Party
Chitwan 2 Rabi Lamichhane
Rastriya Swatantra Party
Chitwan 3 Bikram Pandey
Rastriya Prajatantra Party
Dadeldhura 1 Sher Bahadur Deuba
Nepali Congress
Dailekh 1 Amar Bahadur Thapa
CPN (Unified Socialist)
Dailekh 2 Dikpal Kumar Shahi
Nepali Congress
Dang 1 Metmani Chaudhary
CPN (Unified Socialist)
Dang 2 Rekha Sharma
CPN (Maoist Centre)
Dang 3 Deepak Giri
Nepali Congress
Darchula 1 Dilendra Prasad Badu
Nepali Congress
Dhading 1 Rajendra Prasad Pandey
CPN (Unified Socialist)
Dhading 2 Ram Nath Adhikari
Nepali Congress
Dhankuta 1 Rajendra Kumar Rai
CPN (Unified Marxist–Leninist)
Dhanusha 1
Dhanusha 2 Ram Krishna Yadav
Nepali Congress
Dhanusha 3 Julie Kumari Mahato
CPN (Unified Marxist–Leninist)
Dhanusha 4
Dolakha 1
Dolpa 1 Dhan Bahadur Buda
CPN (Unified Socialist)
Doti 1 Prem Bahadur Ale
CPN (Unified Socialist)
Gorkha 1 Rajendra Bajgain
Nepali Congress
Gorkha 2 Pushpa Kamal Dahal
CPN (Maoist Centre)
Gulmi 1 Chandra Kant Bhandari
Nepali Congress
Gulmi 2 Gokarna Raj Bista
CPN (Unified Marxist–Leninist)
Humla 1 Tshering Damdul Lama
CPN (Maoist Centre)
Ilam 1
Ilam 2
Jajarkot 1 Shakti Bahadur Basnet
CPN (Maoist Centre)
Jhapa 1 Bishwa Prakash Sharma
Nepali Congress
Jhapa 2 Dev Raj Ghimire
CPN (Unified Marxist–Leninist)
Jhapa 3 Rajendra Lingden
Rastriya Prajatantra Party
Jhapa 4 Lal Prasad Sawa Limbu
CPN (Unified Marxist–Leninist)
Jhapa 5 KP Sharma Oli
CPN (Unified Marxist–Leninist)
Jumla 1 Gyan Bahadur Shahi
Rastriya Prajatantra Party
Kailali 1 Ranjeeta Shrestha
Nagrik Unmukti Party
Kailali 2 Arun Kumar Chaudhary
Nagrik Unmukti Party
Kailali 3 Ganga Ram Chaudhary
Nagrik Unmukti Party
Kailali 4 Bir Bahadur Balayar
Nepali Congress
Kailali 5 Dilli Raj Pant
Nepali Congress
Kalikot 1 Mahendra Bahadur Shahi
CPN (Maoist Centre)
Kanchanpur 1 Tara Lama Tamang
CPN (Unified Marxist–Leninist)
Kanchanpur 2 Narayan Prakash Saud
Nepali Congress
Kanchanpur 3 Ramesh Lekhak
Nepali Congress
Kapilvastu 1 Balaram Adhikari
CPN (Unified Marxist–Leninist)
Kapilvastu 2 Surendra Raj Acharya
Nepali Congress
Kapilvastu 3 Mangal Prasad Gupta
CPN (Unified Marxist–Leninist)
Kaski 1 Man Bahadur Gurung
CPN (Unified Marxist–Leninist)
Kaski 2 Bidya Bhattarai
CPN (Unified Marxist–Leninist)
Kaski 3 Damodar Poudel Bairagi
CPN (Unified Marxist–Leninist)
Kathmandu 1 Prakash Man Singh
Nepali Congress
Kathmandu 2 Sobita Gautam
Rastriya Swatantra Party
Kathmandu 3 Santosh Chalise
Nepali Congress
Kathmandu 5 Pradip Paudel
Nepali Congress
Kathmandu 4 Gagan Thapa
Nepali Congress
Kathmandu 6 Shishir Khanal
Rastriya Swatantra Party
Kathmandu 7 Ganesh Parajuli
Rastriya Swatantra Party
Kathmandu 8 Biraj Bhakta Shrestha
Rastriya Swatantra Party
Kathmandu 9 Krishna Gopal Shrestha
CPN (Unified Marxist–Leninist)
Kathmandu 10 Rajendra Kumar K.C.
Nepali Congress
Kavrepalanchok 1 Surya Man Dong
CPN (Maoist Centre)
Kavrepalanchok 2 Gokul Prasad Baskota
CPN (Unified Marxist–Leninist)
Khotang 1 Ram Kumar Rai
CPN (Maoist Centre)
Lalitpur 1 Udaya Shamsher Rana
Nepali Congress
Lalitpur 2 Prem Bahadur Maharjan
CPN (Unified Marxist–Leninist)
Lalitpur 3 Toshima Karki
Rastriya Swatantra Party
Lamjung 1 Prithivi Subba Gurung
CPN (Unified Marxist–Leninist)
Mahottari 1
Mahottari 2 Sharat Singh Bhandari
Loktantrik Samajwadi Party
Mahottari 3 Mahantha Thakur
Loktantrik Samajwadi Party
Mahottari 4 Mahendra Kumar Ray
Nepali Congress
Makwanpur 1 Deepak Bahadur Singh
Rastriya Prajatantra Party
Makwanpur 2 Mahesh Kumar Bartaula
CPN (Unified Marxist–Leninist)
Manang 1 Tek Bahadur Gurung
Nepali Congress
Morang 1
Morang 2 Rishikesh Pokharel
CPN (Unified Marxist–Leninist)
Morang 3 Sunil Kumar Sharma
Nepali Congress
Morang 4 Aman Lal Modi
CPN (Maoist Centre)
Morang 5 Yogendra Mandal
Independent
Morang 6 Shekhar Koirala
Nepali Congress
Mugu 1 Aain Bahadur Shahi Thakuri
Nepali Congress
Mustang 1 Yogesh Gauchan Thakali
Nepali Congress
Myagdi 1 Kham Bahadur Garbuja
Nepali Congress
Nawalpur 1 Shashanka Koirala
Nepali Congress
Nawalpur 2 Bishnu Kumar Karki
Nepali Congress
Nuwakot 1 Hit Bahadur Tamang
CPN (Maoist Centre)
Nuwakot 2 Arjun Narsingh K.C.
Nepali Congress
Okhaldhunga 1 Ram Hari Khatiwada
Nepali Congress
Palpa 1 Narayan Prasad Acharya
CPN (Unified Marxist–Leninist)
Palpa 2 Thakur Prasad Gaire
CPN (Unified Marxist–Leninist)
Panchthar 1 Basanta Kumar Nemwang
CPN (Unified Marxist–Leninist)
Parasi 1 Binod Chaudhary
Nepali Congress
Parasi 2 Dhruba Bahadur Pradhan
Rastriya Prajatantra Party
Parbat 1 Padam Giri
CPN (Unified Marxist–Leninist)
Parsa 1 Pradeep Yadav
People's Socialist Party
Parsa 2 Ajay Kumar Chaurasiya
Nepali Congress
Parsa 3 Raj Kumar Gupta
CPN (Unified Marxist–Leninist)
Parsa 4 Ramesh Rijal
Nepali Congress
Pyuthan 1 Surya Bahadur Thapa Chhetri
CPN (Unified Marxist–Leninist)
Ramechhap 1
Rasuwa 1 Mohan Acharya
Nepali Congress
Rautahat 1 Madhav Kumar Nepal
CPN (Unified Socialist)
Rautahat 2 Kiran Kumar Sah
Independent
Rautahat 3 Prabhu Sah
Independent
Rautahat 4 Dev Prasad Timilsena
Nepali Congress
Rolpa 1 Barsaman Pun
CPN (Maoist Centre)
Rukum East 1 Purna Bahadur Gharti Mangar
CPN (Maoist Centre)
Rukum West 1 Janardan Sharma
CPN (Maoist Centre)
Rupandehi 1 Chhabilal Bishwakarma
CPN (Unified Marxist–Leninist)
Rupandehi 2 Bishnu Prasad Paudel
CPN (Unified Marxist–Leninist)
Rupandehi 3 Dipak Bohara
Rastriya Prajatantra Party
Rupandehi 4 Sarbendra Nath Shukla
Loktantrik Samajwadi Party
Rupandehi 5 Basudev Ghimire
CPN (Unified Marxist–Leninist)
Salyan 1 Prakash Jwala
CPN (Unified Socialist)
Sankhuwasabha 1 Deepak Khadka
Nepali Congress
Saptari 1 Nawal Kishore Sah Sudi
People's Socialist Party
Saptari 2 CK Raut
Janamat Party
Saptari 3 Dinesh Kumar Yadav
Nepali Congress
Saptari 4 Teju Lal Chaudhary
Nepali Congress
Sarlahi 1 Ram Prakash Chaudhary
Loktantrik Samajwadi Party
Sarlahi 2 Mahindra Rai Yadav
CPN (Maoist Centre)
Sarlahi 3 Hari Prasad Upreti
CPN (Unified Marxist–Leninist)
Sarlahi 4 Amresh Kumar Singh
Independent
Sindhuli 1 Shyam Kumar Ghimire
Nepali Congress
Sindhuli 2 Lekh Nath Dahal
CPN (Maoist Centre)
Sindhupalchok 1 Madhav Sapkota
CPN (Maoist Centre)
Sindhupalchok 2 Mohan Bahadur Basnet
Nepali Congress
Siraha 1 Ram Shankar Yadav
CPN (Unified Marxist–Leninist)
Siraha 2 Raj Kishor Yadav
People's Socialist Party
Siraha 3 Lila Nath Shrestha
CPN (Unified Marxist–Leninist)
Siraha 4 Birendra Prasad Mahato
People's Socialist Party
Solukhumbu 1 Manbir Rai
CPN (Unified Marxist–Leninist)
Sunsari 1
Sunsari 2 Bhim Prasad Acharya
CPN (Unified Marxist–Leninist)
Sunsari 3
Sunsari 4
Surkhet 1 Purna Bahadur Khadka
Nepali Congress
Surkhet 2 Hridaya Ram Thani
Nepali Congress
Syangja 1 Raju Thapa
Nepali Congress
Syangja 2
Tanahun 1 Ram Chandra Paudel
Nepali Congress
Tanahun 2 Shankar Bhandari
Nepali Congress
Taplejung 1 Yogesh Bhattrai
CPN (Unified Marxist–Leninist)
Tehrathum 1 Sita Gurung
Nepali Congress
Udayapur 1
Udayapur 2 Ambar Bahadur Rayamajhi
CPN (Unified Marxist–Leninist)

Seats that were part of seat sharing agreements between alliance parties

Seats that changed allegiance

Discover more about Results related topics

Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist–Leninist)

Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist–Leninist)

The Communist Party of Nepal , abbreviated CPN (UML), is a political party in Nepal. CPN (UML) is a communist party in Nepal formed in January 1991 after the merger of the Communist Party of Nepal (Marxist) and the Communist Party of Nepal (Marxist–Leninist). There have been four prime ministers from the party and the party has led the government five times. The party merged with CPN to form the Nepal Communist Party on 17 May 2018 but the new party was dissolved and CPN (UML) was revived by a Supreme Court decision on 8 March 2021.

Nepali Congress

Nepali Congress

The Nepali Congress is the largest social democratic political party in Nepal. As per the results of recent local election, Nepali Congress stands as the single largest party of Nepal in local levels. It is the current ruling party of Nepal since July 2021. With more than one million active members, the party remains the largest party in Nepal by membership and is the only mass based party in Nepal.

Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist Centre)

Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist Centre)

The Communist Party of Nepal , abbreviated CPN , CPN-Maoist Centre, CPN Maoist Centre, or CPN (MC), is the third largest political party in Nepal. It was founded in 1994 after breaking away from the Communist Party of Nepal.

Nepal Socialist Party

Nepal Socialist Party

Socialist Party of Nepal is a democratic socialist political party in Nepal. It is led jointly by former prime minister Dr. Baburam Bhattarai and senior leader of the Terai-Madhesh region Mahendra Ray Yadav.

People's Socialist Party, Nepal

People's Socialist Party, Nepal

The People's Socialist Party, Nepal, also known as Janata Samajbadi Party is the fifth largest political party in Nepal. Since the 2022 local election, the party has been limited to stand only as the third largest party of Madhesh Province after the Nepali Congress and CPN (UML) respectively. Recently the party faced multiple splits under Mahantha Thakur, Baburam Bhattarai, Mahendra Ray Yadav and Resham Lal Chaudhary.

Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Socialist)

Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Socialist)

The Communist Party of Nepal , abbreviated as CPN is the fourth largest political party in Nepal. Former Prime Minister Madhav Kumar Nepal is the chairman of the party and former Prime Minister Jhala Nath Khanal serves as the senior leader.

Janamat Party

Janamat Party

The Janamat Party is a Nepalese political party. Formerly known as Alliance for Independent Madhesh, it was formed by former secessionist leader C. K. Raut. It was formed after signing an 11-point agreement with the government of Nepal and resulted in ending his separatist movement with KP Oli. The party stands as the seventh largest party in local levels of Madhesh province since the 2022 local election.

Nagrik Unmukti Party

Nagrik Unmukti Party

The People's Freedom Party is a political party in Nepal. The party's primary base is in the Tharuhath region, especially Kailali district.

Loktantrik Samajwadi Party, Nepal

Loktantrik Samajwadi Party, Nepal

The Loktantrik Samajwadi Party, Nepal, is the sixth largest political party in Nepal. The party was officially registered at Election Commission, Nepal on 18 August 2021. Mahantha Thakur is the president of the new party. The party was formed after split in PSP-N to join KP Oli led government. Currently, the party stands as the fourth largest party of Madhesh province after Nepali Congress, CPN (UML) and Janata Samajbadi respectively.

Achham 1 (constituency)

Achham 1 (constituency)

Achham 1 is one of two parliamentary constituencies of Achham District in Nepal. This constituency came into existence on the Constituency Delimitation Commission (CDC) report submitted on 31 August 2017.

Achham 2 (constituency)

Achham 2 (constituency)

Achham 2 is one of two parliamentary constituencies of Achham District in Nepal. This constituency came into existence on the Constituency Delimitation Commission (CDC) report submitted on 31 August 2017.

Arghakhanchi 1 (constituency)

Arghakhanchi 1 (constituency)

Arghakhanchi 1 is the parliamentary constituency of Arghakhanchi District in Nepal. This constituency came into existence on the Constituency Delimitation Commission (CDC) report submitted on 31 August 2017.

Source: "2022 Nepalese general election", Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, (2022, November 26th), https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2022_Nepalese_general_election.

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Notes
  1. ^ 1 candidate is contesting the election separate from the alliance.
  2. ^ 7 candidates are contesting the election with support from the Five Party Alliance.
  3. ^ 17 candidates are contesting the election with the support of the CPN (UML) alliance.
  4. ^ Party chairman Kamal Thapa is contesting as a candidate from CPN (UML)
  5. ^ a b Seat was part of seat sharing agreement between the Five Party Alliance
References
  1. ^ "Nepal parliamentary elections on November 20, 2022(2079)". OnlineKhabar. Kathmandu. 4 August 2022.
  2. ^ "Federal and provincial polls to be held on November 20". kathmandupost.com. Retrieved 8 August 2022.
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