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1960 United States Senate election in Oklahoma

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1960 United States Senate election in Oklahoma
Flag of Oklahoma (1941–1988).svg
← 1954 November 8, 1960 1964 (special) →
  Robert S. Kerr.jpg No image.svg
Nominee Robert S. Kerr B. Hayden Crawford
Party Democratic Republican
Popular vote 474,116 385,646
Percentage 54.84% 44.61%

1960 United States Senate election in Oklahoma results map by county.svg
County results
Kerr:      50–60%      60–70%      70–80%
Crawford:      50–60%      60–70%

U.S. senator before election

Robert S. Kerr
Democratic

Elected U.S. Senator

Robert S. Kerr
Democratic

The 1960 United States Senate election in Oklahoma took place on November 8, 1960. Incumbent Democratic Senator Robert S. Kerr ran for re-election to a third term. He won the Democratic primary in a landslide and then faced former U.S. Attorney B. Hayden Crawford, the Republican nominee, in the general election. Even as Vice President Richard Nixon was winning Oklahoma in a landslide over John F. Kennedy, Kerr was able to defeat Crawford by a wide margin, winning his third term. However, Kerr died just shy of two years into his third term, on January 1, 1963. He was replaced by Governor J. Howard Edmondson in the Senate and a special election was held in 1964.

Discover more about 1960 United States Senate election in Oklahoma related topics

Robert S. Kerr

Robert S. Kerr

Robert Samuel Kerr was an American businessman and politician from Oklahoma. Kerr formed a petroleum company before turning to politics. He served as the 12th governor of Oklahoma from 1943 to 1947 and was elected three times to the United States Senate. Kerr worked natural resources, and his legacy includes water projects that link the Arkansas River via the Gulf of Mexico. He was the first Oklahoma governor born in the territory of the state.

Richard Nixon

Richard Nixon

Richard Milhous Nixon was the 37th president of the United States, serving from 1969 to 1974. A member of the Republican Party, he previously served as a representative and senator from California and was the 36th vice president from 1953 to 1961 under President Dwight D. Eisenhower. His five years in the White House saw reduction of U.S. involvement in the Vietnam War, détente with the Soviet Union and China, the first crewed Moon landings, and the establishment of the Environmental Protection Agency and Occupational Safety and Health Administration. Nixon's second term ended early, when he became the only president to resign from office, as a result of the Watergate scandal.

John F. Kennedy

John F. Kennedy

John Fitzgerald Kennedy, often referred to by his initials JFK, was an American politician who served as the 35th president of the United States from 1961 until his assassination in 1963. He was the youngest person to assume the presidency by election and the youngest president at the end of his tenure. Kennedy served at the height of the Cold War, and the majority of his foreign policy concerned relations with the Soviet Union and Cuba. A Democrat, Kennedy represented Massachusetts in both houses of the U.S. Congress prior to his presidency.

J. Howard Edmondson

J. Howard Edmondson

James Howard Edmondson was an American politician from the U.S. state of Oklahoma. He served as the 16th governor of Oklahoma from 1959 to 1963, and the appointed United States Senator from Oklahoma from 1963 to 1964, losing to Fred R. Harris in a 1964 special election for the U.S. Senate. When he took office as Governor of Oklahoma at the age of 33, Edmondson was, and still is, the youngest governor in the history of the state.

1964 United States Senate special election in Oklahoma

1964 United States Senate special election in Oklahoma

The 1964 United States Senate election in Oklahoma took place on November 3, 1964. Democratic Senator Robert S. Kerr, who won re-election to his third term in 1960, died in office on January 1, 1963. Governor J. Howard Edmondson resigned from office so that his Lieutenant Governor, George Nigh, could appoint him to the U.S. Senate. Edmondson ran for re-election in the ensuing special election, and faced strong competition from former Governor Raymond D. Gary and State Senator Fred R. Harris. Edmondson placed first in the primary, but failed to win a majority, with Harris narrowly beating out Gary for second place. In the runoff, Harris defeated Edmondson in a landslide. In the general election, Harris faced former Oklahoma Sooners football coach Bud Wilkinson, the Republican nominee. Even though President Lyndon B. Johnson won Oklahoma by a wide margin over Republican presidential nominee Barry Goldwater, the Senate race was much closer. Ultimately, Harris only narrowly defeated Wilkinson by just 2% of the vote.

Democratic primary

Candidates

Results

Democratic primary[1]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Robert S. Kerr (inc.) 300,061 77.61%
Democratic Thomas C. Dunn 65,139 16.85%
Democratic D. R. Condo 21,420 5.54%
Total votes 386,620 100.00%

Republican primary

Candidates

  • B. Hayden Crawford, former U.S. Attorney[2]
  • Herbert K. Hyde, former U.S. Attorney,[3] 1936 Republican nominee for the U.S. Senate

Results

Republican primary[1]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican B. Hayden Crawford 37,508 70.44%
Republican Herbert K. Hyde 15,743 29.56%
Total votes 53,251 100.00%

General election

Results

1960 United States Senate election in Oklahoma[1]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Robert S. Kerr (inc.) 474,116 54.84% -1.00%
Republican B. Hayden Crawford 385,646 44.61% +0.95%
Independent Billy E. Brown 4,713 0.55%
Majority 88,470 10.23% -1.95%
Turnout 864,475
Democratic hold

Discover more about General election related topics

Democratic Party (United States)

Democratic Party (United States)

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Robert S. Kerr

Robert S. Kerr

Robert Samuel Kerr was an American businessman and politician from Oklahoma. Kerr formed a petroleum company before turning to politics. He served as the 12th governor of Oklahoma from 1943 to 1947 and was elected three times to the United States Senate. Kerr worked natural resources, and his legacy includes water projects that link the Arkansas River via the Gulf of Mexico. He was the first Oklahoma governor born in the territory of the state.

Incumbent

Incumbent

The incumbent is the current holder of an office or position, usually in relation to an election. In an election for president, the incumbent is the person holding or acting in the office of president before the election, whether seeking re-election or not. In some situations, there may not be an incumbent at time of an election for that office or position, in which case the office or position is regarded as vacant or open. In the United States, an election without an incumbent is referred to as an open seat or open contest.

Republican Party (United States)

Republican Party (United States)

The Republican Party, also referred to as the GOP, is one of the two major contemporary political parties in the United States. The GOP was founded in 1854 by anti-slavery activists who opposed the Kansas–Nebraska Act, which allowed for the potential expansion of chattel slavery into the western territories. It has been the main political rival of the Democratic Party since the mid-1850s. Like them, the Republican Party is a big tent of competing and often opposing ideologies. Presently, the Republican Party contains prominent conservative, centrist, populist, and right-libertarian factions.

Voter turnout

Voter turnout

In political science, voter turnout is the participation rate of a given election. This is typically either the percentage of registered voters, eligible voters, or all voting-age people. According to Stanford University political scientists Adam Bonica and Michael McFaul, there is a consensus among political scientists that "democracies perform better when more people vote."

Source: "1960 United States Senate election in Oklahoma", Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, (2022, April 24th), https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1960_United_States_Senate_election_in_Oklahoma.

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References
  1. ^ a b c "1958-1966 Election Results" (PDF). Oklahoma State Election Board. Retrieved June 18, 2021.
  2. ^ "Considers Race For Kerr's Seat". Miami News-Record. Miami, Okla. February 21, 1960. p. 17. Retrieved June 18, 2021.
  3. ^ "State Filings In Late Rally Friday". Muskogee Times-Democrat. Muskogee, Okla. April 30, 1960. p. 1. Retrieved June 18, 2021.

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