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1818 in music

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List of years in music (table)
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This is a list of music-related events in 1818.

Events

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April 12

April 12

April 12 is the 102nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar; 263 days remain until the end of the year.

Heinrich Stölzel

Heinrich Stölzel

Heinrich David Stölzel was a German horn player who developed some of the first valves for brass instruments. He developed the first valve for a brass musical instrument, the Stölzel valve, in 1818, and went on to develop various other designs, some jointly with other inventor musicians.

Friedrich Blühmel

Friedrich Blühmel

Friedrich Blühmel was a German horn player and musical instrument builder. He is credited as one of the earliest inventors of brass instrument valves.

Brass instrument valve

Brass instrument valve

Brass instrument valves are valves used to change the length of tubing of a brass instrument allowing the player to reach the notes of various harmonic series. Each valve pressed diverts the air stream through additional tubing, individually or in conjunction with other valves. This lengthens the vibrating air column thus lowering the fundamental tone and associated harmonic series produced by the instrument. Valves in brass instruments require regular maintenance and lubrication to ensure fast and reliable movement.

June 10

June 10

June 10 is the 161st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar; 204 days remain until the end of the year.

La gazza ladra

La gazza ladra

La gazza ladra is a melodramma or opera semiseria in two acts by Gioachino Rossini, with a libretto by Giovanni Gherardini based on La pie voleuse by Théodore Baudouin d'Aubigny and Louis-Charles Caigniez. The Thieving Magpie is best known for the overture, which is musically notable for its use of snare drums. This memorable section in Rossini's overture evokes the image of the opera's main subject: a devilishly clever, thieving magpie.

Giuditta Pasta

Giuditta Pasta

Giuditta Angiola Maria Costanza Pasta was an Italian opera singer. She has been compared to the 20th-century soprano Maria Callas.

Bavarian State Opera

Bavarian State Opera

The Bavarian State Opera is a German opera company based in Munich. Its main venue is the Nationaltheater München, and its orchestra the Bavarian State Orchestra.

Ferdinand Fränzl

Ferdinand Fränzl

Ferdinand Fränzl was a German violinist, composer, conductor, opera director, and a representative of the third generation of the so-called Mannheim school.

Horn (instrument)

Horn (instrument)

A horn is any of a family of musical instruments made of a tube, usually made of metal and often curved in various ways, with one narrow end into which the musician blows, and a wide end from which sound emerges. In horns, unlike some other brass instruments such as the trumpet, the bore gradually increases in width through most of its length—that is to say, it is conical rather than cylindrical. In jazz and popular-music contexts, the word may be used loosely to refer to any wind instrument, and a section of brass or woodwind instruments, or a mixture of the two, is called a horn section in these contexts.

Georg Abraham Schneider

Georg Abraham Schneider

Georg Abraham Schneider was a German musician and composer.

December 24

December 24

December 24 is the 358th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar; seven days remain until the end of the year.

Bands formed

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Besses o' th' Barn Band

Besses o' th' Barn Band

Besses o' th' Barn Band is an English brass band that has been in existence in the Besses o' th' Barn area of Whitefield, Greater Manchester since at least 1818. A junior section, Besses Boys' Band, was established in 1943.

British brass band

British brass band

In Britain, a brass band is a musical ensemble comprising a standardized range of brass and percussion instruments. The modern form of the brass band in the United Kingdom dates back to the 19th century, with a vibrant tradition of competition based around communities and local industry, with colliery bands being particularly notable. The Stalybridge Old Band was formed in 1809 and was perhaps the first civilian brass band in the world.

Whitefield, Greater Manchester

Whitefield, Greater Manchester

Whitefield is a town in the Metropolitan Borough of Bury, Greater Manchester, England. It lies on undulating ground above the Irwell Valley, along the south bank of the River Irwell, 3 miles (4.8 km) southeast of Bury, and 4.9 miles (7.9 km) northwest of Manchester. Prestwich and the M60 motorway lie just to the south.

Manchester

Manchester

Manchester is a city in Greater Manchester, England. It had a population of 552,000 in 2021. It is bordered by the Cheshire Plain to the south, the Pennines to the north and east, and the neighbouring city of Salford to the west. The two cities and the surrounding towns form one of the United Kingdom's most populous conurbations, the Greater Manchester Built-up Area, which has a population of 2.87 million.

Popular music

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The Crimson Banner

The Crimson Banner

"The Crimson Banner" is a traditional Irish song, also known as "The Eighteenth of December" and "No Surrender!". Written by William Blacker in 1818, it is part of the Protestant Loyalist tradition.

William Blacker

William Blacker

Lieutenant-Colonel William Blacker was a British Army officer, Commissioner of the Treasury of Ireland, and author. His published work is sometimes attributed under the names Fitz Stewart or Colonel Blacker.

Silent Night

Silent Night

"Silent Night" is a popular Christmas carol, composed in 1818 by Franz Xaver Gruber to lyrics by Joseph Mohr in the small town of Oberndorf bei Salzburg, Austria. It was declared an intangible cultural heritage by UNESCO in 2011. The song was first recorded in 1905 and has remained a popular success, appearing in films and multiple successful recordings, as well as being quoted in other musical compositions.

Joseph Mohr

Joseph Mohr

Josephus Franciscus Mohr, sometimes spelled Josef was an Austrian Roman Catholic priest and writer, who wrote the words to the Christmas carol "Silent Night."

Franz Xaver Gruber

Franz Xaver Gruber

Franz Xaver Gruber was an Austrian primary school teacher, church organist and composer in the village of Arnsdorf, who is best known for composing the music to "Stille Nacht".

Robert Tannahill

Robert Tannahill

Robert Tannahill was a Scottish poet of labouring class origin. Known as the 'Weaver Poet', he wrote poetry in English and lyrics in Scots in the wake of Robert Burns.

James Barr (composer)

James Barr (composer)

James Barr (1779–1860) was a Scottish composer who composed the tune which inspired the tune now used for the Australian traditional song "Waltzing Matilda."

Classical music

All of the following items are found in the IMSLP/Petrucci Music Library.[4]

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George Frederick Anderson

George Frederick Anderson

George Frederick Anderson was a British violinist and Master of the Queen's Music.

Heinrich Baermann

Heinrich Baermann

Heinrich Joseph Baermann was a German clarinet virtuoso of the Romantic era who is generally considered as being not only an outstanding performer of his time, but highly influential in the creation of several important composers' works for his instrument.

Bernhard Crusell

Bernhard Crusell

Bernhard Henrik Crusell was a Swedish-Finnish clarinetist, composer and translator, "the most significant and internationally best-known Finnish-born classical composer and indeed, — the outstanding Finnish composer before Sibelius".

Franz Danzi

Franz Danzi

Franz Ignaz Danzi was a German cellist, composer and conductor, the son of the Italian cellist Innocenz Danzi (1730–1798) and brother of the noted singer Franzeska Danzi. Danzi lived at a significant time in the history of European music. His career, spanning the transition from the late Classical to the early Romantic styles, coincided with the origin of much of the music that lives in our concert halls and is familiar to contemporary classical-music audiences. As a young man he knew Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, whom he revered; he was a contemporary of Ludwig van Beethoven, about whom he — like many of his generation — had strong but mixed feelings; and he was a mentor for the young Carl Maria von Weber, whose music he respected and promoted.

Friedrich Dotzauer

Friedrich Dotzauer

Justus Johann Friedrich Dotzauer was a German cellist and composer.

Federigo Fiorillo

Federigo Fiorillo

Federigo Fiorillo was a mandolinist and composer, who wrote thirty-six caprices for violin, also called études.

Johann Nepomuk Hummel

Johann Nepomuk Hummel

Johann Nepomuk Hummel was an Austrian composer and virtuoso pianist. His music reflects the transition from the Classical to the Romantic musical era. He was a pupil of Mozart, Salieri and Clementi. He also knew Beethoven and Schubert.

Franz Krommer

Franz Krommer

Franz Krommer was a Czech composer of classical music and violinist. He was one of the most popular composers in the 19th century Vienna. Today he is mostly known for his clarinet concertos.

Karol Lipiński

Karol Lipiński

Karol Józef Lipiński was a Polish music composer and virtuoso violinist active during the partitions of Poland. The Karol Lipiński University of Music in Wrocław, Poland is named after him.

George Onslow (composer)

George Onslow (composer)

André George(s) Louis Onslow was a French composer of English descent. His wealth, position and personal tastes allowed him to pursue a path unfamiliar to most of his French contemporaries, more similar to that of his contemporary German romantic composers; his music also had a strong following in Germany and in England. His principal output was chamber music, but he also wrote four symphonies and four operas. Onslow was esteemed by critics of his time, but his reputation declined swiftly after his death. It has only been revived in recent years.

Anton Reicha

Anton Reicha

Anton Joseph Reicha (Rejcha) was a Czech-born, Bavarian-educated, later naturalized French composer and music theorist. A contemporary and lifelong friend of Beethoven, he is now best remembered for his substantial early contributions to the wind quintet literature and his role as teacher of pupils including Franz Liszt, Hector Berlioz and César Franck. He was also an accomplished theorist, and wrote several treatises on various aspects of composition. Some of his theoretical work dealt with experimental methods of composition, which he applied in a variety of works such as fugues and études for piano and string quartet.

Franz Schubert

Franz Schubert

Franz Peter Schubert was an Austrian composer of the late Classical and early Romantic eras. Despite his short lifetime, Schubert left behind a vast oeuvre, including more than 600 secular vocal works, seven complete symphonies, sacred music, operas, incidental music, and a large body of piano and chamber music. His major works include "Erlkönig", the Piano Quintet in A major, D. 667 , the Symphony No. 8 in B minor, D. 759 , the "Great" Symphony No. 9 in C major, D. 944, the String Quintet, the three last piano sonatas, the opera Fierrabras, the incidental music to the play Rosamunde, and the song cycles Die schöne Müllerin and Winterreise.

Opera

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Michele Carafa

Michele Carafa

Michele Enrico Francesco Vincenzo Aloisio Paolo Carafa di Colobrano was an Italian opera composer. He was born in Naples and studied in Paris with Luigi Cherubini. He was Professor of counterpoint at the Paris Conservatoire from 1840 to 1858. One of his notable pupils was Achille Peri.

Gaetano Donizetti

Gaetano Donizetti

Domenico Gaetano Maria Donizetti was an Italian composer, best known for his almost 70 operas. Along with Gioachino Rossini and Vincenzo Bellini, he was a leading composer of the bel canto opera style during the first half of the nineteenth century and a probable influence on other composers such as Giuseppe Verdi. Donizetti was born in Bergamo in Lombardy. At an early age he was taken up by Simon Mayr who enrolled him with a full scholarship in a school which he had set up. There he received detailed musical training. Mayr was instrumental in obtaining a place for Donizetti at the Bologna Academy, where, at the age of 19, he wrote his first one-act opera, the comedy Il Pigmalione, which may never have been performed during his lifetime.

Enrico di Borgogna

Enrico di Borgogna

Enrico di Borgogna is an opera eroica or "heroic" opera in two acts by Gaetano Donizetti. Bartolomeo Merelli, wrote the Italian libretto based on Der Graf von Burgund by August von Kotzebue.

Giovanni Pacini

Giovanni Pacini

Giovanni Pacini was an Italian composer, best known for his operas. Pacini was born in Catania, Sicily, the son of the buffo Luigi Pacini, who was to appear in the premieres of many of Giovanni's operas. The family was of Tuscan origin, living in Catania when the composer was born.

Mosè in Egitto

Mosè in Egitto

Mosè in Egitto is a three-act opera written by Gioachino Rossini to an Italian libretto by Andrea Leone Tottola, which was based on a 1760 play by Francesco Ringhieri, L'Osiride. It premièred on 5 March 1818 at the recently reconstructed Teatro San Carlo in Naples, Italy.

Births

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January 14

January 14

January 14 is the 14th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar; 351 days remain until the end of the year.

February 6

February 6

February 6 is the 37th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar; 328 days remain until the end of the year.

August 7

August 7

August 7 is the 219th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar; 146 days remain until the end of the year.

Henry Litolff

Henry Litolff

Henry Charles Litolff was a British virtuoso pianist, composer of Romantic music, and music publisher. A prolific composer, he is today known mainly for a single brief work – the scherzo from his Concerto Symphonique No. 4 in D minor – and remembered as the founder of the Collection Litolff, a highly regarded publishing imprint of classical music scores.

Giulio Briccialdi

Giulio Briccialdi

Giulio Briccialdi was an Italian virtuoso flautist and composer, a technical innovator on his instrument and a professor of music.

Antonio Bazzini

Antonio Bazzini

Antonio Bazzini was an Italian violinist, composer and teacher. As a composer, his most enduring work is his chamber music, which earned him a central place in the Italian instrumental renaissance of the 19th century. However, his success as a composer was overshadowed by his reputation as one of the finest concert violinists of the nineteenth century. He also contributed to a portion of Messa per Rossini, specifically the first section of II. Sequentia, Dies Irae.

Carolina Granberg

Carolina Granberg

Carolina Desideria Granberg also known as Carolina Friebel, was a Swedish ballerina. She was considered as one of the leading members of the Royal Swedish Ballet.

April 6

April 6

April 6 is the 96th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar; 269 days remain until the end of the year.

Aasmund Olavsson Vinje

Aasmund Olavsson Vinje

Aasmund Olavsson Vinje was a Norwegian poet and journalist who is remembered for poetry, travel writing, and his pioneering use of Landsmål.

April 19

April 19

April 19 is the 109th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar; 256 days remain until the end of the year.

Charles Gounod

Charles Gounod

Charles-François Gounod, usually known as Charles Gounod, was a French composer. He wrote twelve operas, of which the most popular has always been Faust (1859); his Roméo et Juliette (1867) also remains in the international repertory. He composed a large amount of church music, many songs, and popular short pieces including his Ave Maria, and Funeral March of a Marionette.

Cesare Ciardi

Cesare Ciardi

Cesare Ciardi was an Italian flautist and composer.

Deaths

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February 1

February 1

February 1 is the 32nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar; 333 days remain until the end of the year.

Giuseppe Gazzaniga

Giuseppe Gazzaniga

Giuseppe Gazzaniga was a member of the Neapolitan school of opera composers. He composed fifty-one operas and is considered to be one of the last Italian opera buffa composers.

Johann Nikolaus Forkel

Johann Nikolaus Forkel

Johann Nikolaus Forkel was a German musicologist and music theorist, generally regarded as among the founders of modern musicology. His publications include Johann Sebastian Bach: His Life, Art, and Work, the first substantial survey on the life and works of Johann Sebastian Bach.

Antonio Capuzzi

Antonio Capuzzi

Giuseppe Antonio Capuzzi was an Italian violinist and composer.

April 11

April 11

April 11 is the 101st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar; 264 days remain until the end of the year.

Carl Andreas Göpfert

Carl Andreas Göpfert

Carl Andreas Göpfert was a German virtuoso clarinettist, and composer. Göpfert composed in several genres, including symphonies, concerti, wind ensembles, sonatas, and songs.

Greta Naterberg

Greta Naterberg

Greta Naterberg née Persdotter was a Swedish folk singer.

Maddalena Laura Sirmen

Maddalena Laura Sirmen

Maddalena Sirmen was an Italian composer, violinist, and singer.

August 25

August 25

August 25 is the 237th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar; 128 days remain until the end of the year.

Elizabeth Billington

Elizabeth Billington

Elizabeth Billington was a British opera singer.

Joachim Heinrich Campe

Joachim Heinrich Campe

Joachim Heinrich Campe was a German writer, linguist, educator and publisher. He was a major representative of philanthropinism and the German Enlightenment.

December 31

December 31

December 31 is the 365th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. It is known by a collection of names including: Saint Sylvester's Day, New Year's Eve or Old Year’s Day/Night, as the following day is New Year's Day. It is the last day of the year; the following day is January 1, the first day of the following year.

Source: "1818 in music", Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, (2023, January 25th), https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1818_in_music.

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References
  1. ^ Naomi Adele André (2006). Voicing Gender: Castrati, Travesti, and the Second Woman in Early-nineteenth-century Italian Opera. Indiana University Press. pp. 136–. ISBN 0-253-34644-4.
  2. ^ Statistical Society (Great Britain) (1844). Journal of the Statistical Society of London. Statistical Society. p. 354.
  3. ^ #7362. "Piano manufacturer Thomas Broadwood". Beethoven and Great Britain. Bonn: Beethoven House. Archived from the original on 2017-03-05. Retrieved 2017-08-19.
  4. ^ "Category:Works first published in 1818 – IMSLP/Petrucci Music Library: Free Public Domain Sheet Music". imslp.org. Retrieved 2019-06-14.

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